The paper compares and examines the effects of socio political and socio economic condition of the country on Five year plans in Pakistan. The main objective of the study was to compare the various Five year plans to observe the effects of political instability and governance on framing and implementation process. The research is based on the Documentary analysis of the various Five year plans along with other government and nongovernment studies. The finding of the study reveals that the government determination and desire, political stability, international and domestic conditions affects the framing of the plans while; rapid turmoil of the government, political interference, social and economic conditions affects the planning as well implementation process. The study suggests that government should empowered the planning commission as an independent authority and give free hand to the planning commission with permanent qualified and trained staff without any interference.