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March 2017

Background: Bio films form speedily on dental unit waterlines. The specific design of dental units favors bacteria to colonize surfaces and to form biofilm in water supply tubes, together with dental unit water line (DUWL). In recent years, microbial contamination of DUWLs has become a prominent infection control issue even receiving some alarmist coverage in the media. More than 25 different species of bacteria have been isolated from DUWLs. It may also harbour opportunistic pathogens that are responsible for respiratory disease – namely P.

The objective of this paper is to determine how methodology ROR can give information when having a series, whose auto correlograms are a white noise. Deceased by car accidents variable was used for Cuba in the period 2006- 2011. The future projection of the data series can be obtained by using modeling ROR, which provides a new and important way, promising for the series that behave as a white noise, because this gives new information for the series and its behavior.

BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS is a chronic multi-systemic disorder with associated psychiatric co-morbidity of significant health importance. There is paucity of information on psychiatric morbidity among HIV patients in the undeveloped world. AIM: The study sought to investigate the occurrence of psychiatric disorders and its associated clinical factors in people living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Using a systematic sampling method, 353 subjects were recruited into two groups; HIV positive subjects from the RVD clinic and HIV negative subjects from the GOPD clinic.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection tends to immune suppression which progresses terminally to death. The introduction of the highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the status of HIV infection from that of a rapidly fatal disorder to a chronic one with persisting physical symptoms. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of persistent physical symptoms on psychiatric morbidity in HIV positive patients.

Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a chronic multi-systemic disorder with associated psychiatric co-morbidity of significant public health importance. Aim: The study focused on investigating the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity living with HIV and AIDS in a tertiary hospital in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Methods: Using a systematic sampling method, 353 subjects were recruited into two groups; HIV positive subjects from the RVD clinic and HIV negative subjects from the GOPD clinic.

Background: The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a lethal neuro-medical disorder caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The consequences of HIV/AIDS are myriad and devastating, but there has been paucity of studies on psychiatric morbidity in HIV/AIDS patients in the undeveloped world. Aim: The study aims to investigate the socio-demographic and psychosocial correlates of psychiatric morbidity in HIV positive patients in a tertiary hospital in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.

Conversion disorder is a condition in which patients present with neurological symptoms such as numbness, blindness, paralysis, or myoclonus and other movement disorders without a neurological cause, which arises in response to difficulties in the patient. Until recently, hysteria was believed to be uncommon amongst the indigenous inhabitants of tropical Africa.

Functional appliances have been used since the 1930s. Despite this relatively long history, there continues to be much confusion relating to their use, method of action, and effectiveness. These appliances alter the arrangement of various muscle groups that influence the function and position of the mandible in order to trasmit forces to the dentition and the basal bone. Typically these muscular forces are generated by altering the mandibular position sagitally and vertically, resulting in orthodontic and orthopedic changes.

Intermaxillary fixation is an essential part of treatment of fractures of the facial bones. The procedure ensures an adequate interrelationship of occlusive surfaces and is applicable for both the independent conservatively-orthopedic treatment and in the course of a surgical fixation (osteosynthesis) of jaw bones fragments as a compulsory component of pre-, intra- and postoperative management.

Background and aim: Primary mucinous carcinoma of the vagina is a rare disease which is characterized by aggressiveness and relative resistance to conventional treatment modalities. We aim to report a new case of this rare entity, to investigate its characteristics and its prognostic factors. It is a case of advanced stage of primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the vagina, diagnosed in our service in January 2015, showing a highly aggressive course. Case: A 35 year old woman was admitted to our institute to be treated for advanced stage primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the vagina.

Aim and Objective: To determine and assess the awareness and level of knowledge on digital impression technique among dental students in various institutions. Materials and Method: This study was done by distributing a total of 10 questionnaires through online survey to dental students among various institutions. The questionnaires were prepared to evaluate the awareness and the views on intraoral impression technique among the dental students. The data were collected and statistical analyses is done.

The aim of this study was to assess the levels of dental fear and state anxiety in the mothers of pediatric dental patients and whether providing preparatory information regarding treatment would have a significant impact on the anticipatory anxiety. Forty children and their mothers visiting the pediatric dental clinic were participants of the study, and were randomly allocated into two groups. One group was provided with preparatory information regarding the child's treatment.

Objective: To evaluate to pattern and proportion of sleep disorders in asthmatic children aged 6 to 18 years. Material & Method: It was a validated questionnaire based observational study, performed from May 2013 to April 2014 at department of pediatrics, Swai Man Singh (SMS) Medical College, Jaipur, India. We enrolled 63 asthmatic children age between 6 to 18 years. Results: The mean age of study subjects was 10.2±1.5 year. The restlessness during sleep was found in 50.8% asthmatic children.

Objectives: To compare streptococcus mutans levels in saliva, before and after consumption of milk containing probiotic and probiotic curd. Materials and Methods: Twenty caries free children in the aged 12-14 years were selectedand divided into two groups A and B respectively.

Hemolysis following birth is a normal way of replacing fetal haemoglobin with adult haemoglobin. It is a physiological mechanism. Albumin is the carrier of bilirubin in the blood to the Liver. Hypoalbuminemia leads to lesser availability of albumin to carry Bilirubin thereby increasing the hyperbilirubinemia and increasing chances of Kernicterus. Our study proposes to study the correlation between cord blood Total protein and Albumin levels and the time of onset and the severity of jaundice. 50 term neonates were taken up for the study.

Asthma continues to be a major public health problem and dietary factors play a significant role in triggering as well as in preventing bronchial asthma. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to highlight the nutritional aspect of asthma.

Alginate is the choice of Impression material for most practicing dentist. But, these materials should be poured immediately or else they will get distorted. To overcome this, extended pour alginate were introduced. A study was conducted to check their accuracy over an extended period of time and was found to be sufficient if stored as per manufacturer’s instructions. Background: To check the validity of the claim by the manufacturer that extended pour alginates retain their dimensions over a period of time.

Acute aortic syndrome (AAS) describes emergency aortic diseases. In 80% of patients, the AAS presents itself as an Acute Dissection of Aorta (ADA). It's worth pointing out that the traumatic etiology of this condition, has great relevance regarding morbidity and mortality. This is fact that the Traumatic Thoracic Aortic Dissection (TTAD), usually occurs from a contuse injury, product of an abrupt deceleration, especially in men and individuals with overweight or obesity, which have a history of smoking and heart surgeries.

Background: PBL is a small group teaching method that combines the acquisition of knowledge with the development of skills and attitudes. Educationally, it is based on adult learning theory and is predicted to produce a better learning environment and improved outcomes in terms of graduate knowledge, skills, and attitudes. It can also be of benefit in integrating learning and evaluation for undergraduate medical students. Methodology: Problem based learning program was started in the syllabus of medical education in Jinnah Medical and Dental College in 2016.

Objectives: To analyse the prevalence of role modelling among third and sixth course medical students at Medical faculty - Sofia. Methods: Cross-sectional web-based study was carried out in 2015 at the Department of Social medicine, Faculty of Public Health- Sofia. In the study took part 123 medical students in third course and 134 students in sixth course. Relation between variables was assessed with chi-square test with a significance level of p <0.05. Results: Almost half of the medical students (48.2%) declared not having a role model.

Unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis is a condition that can lead to respiratory dysfunction and, in extreme cases, death. Presents similar etiology to paralysis of bilateral involvement, and in many cases, are idiopathic. Therefore, have considerable diagnostic not index. Has wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic episodes’ frames with respiratory failure.

Background: Severe acute pancreatitis is an acute abdominal disease that possesses a powerful systemic inflammatory response, and can progress quickly, going from the stage of local pancreatic damages to the dysfunction of several organs, with the development of multiple local and systemic complications. Aim: In this article, a case of splenic perforation by abdominal drain will be described, as a late complication of pancreatic necrosectomy, in a patient with severe acute pancreatitis.

Objectives: To describe the etiological and clinical profile of viral hepatitis and its outcome in a tertiary care hospital of Odisha. Methods: 71 children with jaundice were selected from dept. of Paediatrics, SCB MCH, Cuttack. Clinical examination, LFT & tests of viral markers of these children were done. Results: Most common age group of presentation was 5-10 years. Most of the children were male (61%). Majority (71%) were from rural areas.

Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of a mental disorder. It is the "psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment”. According to World Health Organization (WHO) mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, intergenerational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others.

Severe ridge resorption decreases the success rate of a complete denture by reducing the denture bearing area. The increased interarch space and resultant increased weight of the prosthesis in such cases further adds to the problem. Fabricating a hollow denture to reduce the weight of the prosthesis is beneficial in such cases. In this article, three case reports have been described where completely edentulous patients with increased interarch space were given hollow denture made by three simple techniques.

The periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) technique is a combination of a selective decortication-facilitated orthodontic technique and alveolar augmentation. It provides an increased net alveolar volume after orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this article is to describe the history, biology, clinical surgical procedures, indications, contraindications and recent modifications of the PAOO procedure.

Purpose: To comparevisual outcome in patients undergoing manual small incision cataract surgery with superior, supero-temporal and temporal incisions. Methods: A study was conducted between December 2014 and December 2015. A Prospective analysis of 102 cases meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. The patients were randomly allocated to three groups of 34 each and surgeries were performed in group A with superior, group B with supero temporal and group C with temporal incision by single experienced surgeon.

New approaches to shorten treatment time without foregoing optimal results, has become a primary goal of all areas of orthodontics. Low friction and self-ligating bracket systems, preformed archwires, alveolar corticotomies are some examples. The phases of normal tooth movement are (Burstone 1962) 1. Initial phase, 2. Lag phase 3.Post lag /continuous phase. When a force is applied onto a tooth, it results in a number of biophysical events such as compression of periodontal ligament, bone deformation and tissue injury.

The current lifestyle changes has made the human community more prone to a diverse psycho-somatic disorders. Periodontal inflammation is one such oral disease, which has a multiple etiologic factors. Though the primary cause of the disease is microbial, the other factors are local, psychological, systemic and environmental which can influence the pathogenesis of disease. The conventional oral health care system inclines towards the periodontal treatment procedures that involves prophylactic and surgical management.

Results obtained from stored samples of serum or whole blood are often contradictory. The present study was done with the aim to determine the effects of storage time on the laboratory results of 5 analytes in sera. We determined the concentration of Glucose, Creatinine, Bilirubin, SGOT and SGPT at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours and observed its stability. All samples were stored at 4-8° C. It was observed that all five serum analytes examined are sufficiently stable for 72 hours in serum.

Background: The Ebola outbreak is a deadly disease of the African population which has captured the interest of the global community. The pace and fatality rate of the disease requires a ‘global intervention’, with public health strategies to halt transmission and prevent further outbreaks at the source.

First described by Philipsen in 1956, the odontogenic keratocyst is characterized by a large squamous keratinization of its border, an aggressive growth behaviour, a high recurrent rate and characteristic histological appearance. It is now designated by the World Health Organization as a keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KOT). Clinically, the KOT is manifested by an asymptomatic growth. Radiographically, it appears as a well-defined unilocular or multilocular osteolytic lesion.

Many studies have suggested co-relation among facial type, malocclusion and pharyngeal airway. Any impairment in pharyngeal airway can lead to certain type of malocclusion or change in facial pattern. The aim of this study is to evaluate upper and lower pharyngeal airway widths in Angle’s Class-I and Class-II malocclusions with different growth patterns. Lateral cephalograms of 40 untreated patients were categorized in four groups based on malocclusion (either Angle’s Class-I or Class-II malocclusion) and type of growth pattern (vertical or horizontal) using certain cephalometric values.

Objective: To determine the association of thrombocytopenia and prolong bleeding time in children suffering from malaria. Study design: Cross sectional descriptive study Setting: Department of pediatrics Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad. Duration: Six month from 24th June 2014 to 23rd December 2014 Subjects and methods: All children presenting in pediatrics department of Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad with fever (>101 oF) or history of fever (>101 oF) for 3 days duration were evaluated for malaria parasite through thick and thin blood smear.

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the Change in sagittal position of point- A and Effect of change in point-A on SNA Angle in Angle’s class II division 1 malocclusion cases treated with maxillary first premolar extraction. Materials and Methods: Pre and post treatment lateral cephalograms were collected from those who treated by PEA with MBT prescription with extraction of maxillary first premolars. Lateral cephalograms was analysed using various cephalometric parameters.

INTRODUCTION: Pediatric endodontic procedures has increased steadily in the past decade. Therefore, restoration of teeth after endodontic treatment is becoming an integral part of the restorative practice in dentistry. AIM: To evaluate the compressive strength of root filled deciduous molar teeth with different restorative techniques along with fibre placement. METHODOLOGY: Fifty extracted deciduous molars were taken [Figure No. 2] and divided into four groups.

Fulfilling the aesthetic expectation of the patient is the challenging task for the dentist especially when it involves the maxillary anterior region. Aesthetic perception varies among individuals which in turn affect the outcome of the restoration. This study aims at comparing the perception of aesthetic between C.R.R.Is and lay person. Two groups were made to evaluate the aesthetic outcome of photos of interdental papilla with varying height in the aesthetic zone.

Background: Incidence of Tubercular meningitis (TBM) in developing countries is 7-12%. About 25 % patients have poor prognosis because of delay in diagnosis. The aim of the present study is to find a simple, rapid, cost effective diagnostic test in differentiating tubercular etiology from other causes. Methods: Sixty-two patients admitted to our tertiary hospital with symptoms and signs of meningitis were selected and divided into two groups: tubercular (n=39) and pyogenic (n= 23), depending upon the accepted criteria.

Introduction: While the primary goal of periodontal therapy is the maintainance of the natural dentition in health and comfortable function, predictability of outcomes following surgical procedures is of fundamental importance. Methods: This goal may be achieved by following the principles of biological solutions to biological problems. Various biological solutions include platelet rich plasma, platelet rich fibrin and concentrated growth factor. This case series deals with the use of concentrated growth factor in combination with bone graft for regeneration.

Purpose: To compare efficacy of fibrin glue versusconjunctival suturing after pterygium excision in terms of operating time, postoperative symptoms, signs, recurrences & safety in terms of anaphylactic reaction and disease transmission (HIV, HBsAG). Materials and Methods: This hospital based prospective study was conducted at R.L. Jalappa Hospital and Research Centre, Tamaka, Kolar between January 2015 and June 2016. Study included 100 patients fulfilling inclusion criteria and all were worked up according to the protocol.

Aim: To assess the knowledge and practice of contact lens (CL) use among the young current users using a piloted questionnaire. Materials and Methods: An observational study was conducted between July and August 2013 in two colleges among young, current CL wearers undergoing various professional courses. Results: A total of 122 current CL users between 18-23 years were evaluated of which 67.2% were females. About 79.5% of the students were using soft CL of which 44.3% were disposable CL users.

The revolutionary era of tooth replacement began with the invention of implants. Although success rate of 81 to 99% have been reported, there has been a failure rate of 1.5 to 6.7%. Though small these failures still pose a significant clinical, psychological and financial challenges to clinician and patients. Improper implant planning, patient compliance and hypersensitivity to implant metal are major causes for its failure as there is a void and scope of research in this area.

A simple, sensitive and accurate liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometric (LC/MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for determination of Afatinib in human plasma. Zorbax SB-C18, 4.6 x 75 mm, 3.5 μm, 80 Å column, 5mM ammonium formate: acetonitrile (10:90 v/v) mobile phase was used for Chromatographic separation of Afatinib. The Afatinib and Afatinib-D4 were monitored by electrospray ionization in positive ion multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was used to detect the Afatinib at m/z 486.10 /112.10 and Afatinib-D4 (IS) at 490.90 /112.10.

Purpose: This study was conducted in New Delhi, India to evaluate the effectiveness of lavender tea in relieving fatigue, enhancing sleep quality and in improving maternal-infant attachment during the postpartum period. Method: A total of 60 Indian postnatal women with no history of allergy to herbal teas, foods, or medicines were assigned systematically to either the experimental group (n=30) or the control group (n=30).

Background: Acute appendicitis is a common indication for abdominal surgery with a life-time incidence between 7 and 9% and appendectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures. Open appendectomy (OA) performed through the right lower quadrant incision was first described in 1894. It has become the standard treatment of choice for acute appendicitis, due to its efficacy and safety. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA), first performed by Semm in 1983, and gradually acceptance.

Recent diagnostic and therapeutic progress for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has decreased the case mortality rate. There is a therapeutic window within the first 48 h, when specific treatment may alter the outcome. An ideal scoring system and laboratory assay in the evaluation of acute pancreatitis patients should provide an early severity assessment to facilitate treatment. This should be applicable in the clinical setting, rapid, low cost, accurate and available on a 24-hour basis.

Varicose veins in the vulvar and peri vulvar area in women is commonly present during pregnancy. These develop early in pregnancy, hence pressure theory of gravid uterus is no longer accepted. The treatment of varicose veins in pregnany is mostly conservative because, most of the treatment options are not safe and also these regress in the post partum period. We have reviewed all the treatment options available and their safety in pregnancy.

In relating to explain the scientific basis of triple RLung, Mkhris, Badgan theory of Tibetan Traditional Medicine among many researchers have been prevailed the opinions as if rlung, mkhris, badgan are living things, the real thing, which really existed inside human body we could looking at it and touching it. By L.Ron Hubbard principle the first barrier to study is not having the real thing there that you are studying about, the real things or the objects that you study about are called mass.

Introduction: It has been quoted that the health care professionals are bound to deliver services based on high quality research results. Therefore, Evidence Based Practice (EBP) is given much thrust in recent years. Perceptions, knowledge and attitudes of health professionals towards EBP influence adoption and implementation of best practices in healthcare. There is a scarcity of research about perception of nurses towards Evidence Based Practice in Kerala. So we decided to conduct a cross sectional study about perception of EBP among nurses in Kozhikode district, Kerala.

Ayurveda is one of the greatest gifts of sages of ancient india to the mankind. The word “Ayu” means all aspects of life from birth to death. The word “Veda” means knowledge or learning. Hence Ayurveda is a science by which life in its totality is understood. It is away of life which describes, the diet behaviour & alsoteaches us to maintain & protect mental, physical health & achieve longevity. Health means balance, harmony & equilibrium in all physiological activities of body & mind i.e. balance state of Doshas, Dhatus, Malas, Agni, Prasanna atma, Indriya & Mana.

Introduction: Candidiasis is found to be associated with a number of oral lesions, either as a cause or as an agent of supra added infection. However, the correlation between various candida subspecies and oral lesions still appears to be unclear. Various typing methods have been used previously for differentiation of candida subspecies, but have been found to be relatively complicated.

Aims: The aim of the study is to determine the effect of a care based on Roy’s adaptation model on physiological dimension among pediatric patients suffering from URTI. Settings and Design: Quantitative approach was selected with pretest posttest design conducted in the HAHC Hospital, Delhi. Sample and Sampling: 30 samples were chosen using convenience sampling technique.

Locking compression plating is a popular method of fixation for the bones of the forearm and is associated with superior outcomes and less complication compared to external fixation and non-operative methods. Hence an attempt is made to evaluate its management in our patients in rural set up. This study is a hospital based prospective study conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics at R.L. J. Hospital and Research Centre, Kolar, from November 2014 to February 2016.

The aim of this study was to assess the effect on the use of vitamin C, E and C + E as antioxidants on sperm quality of frozen-thawed semen boar semen Yorkshire breed, which was divided into three treatments with Vitamin C, E and combined (C + E) at different concentrations (0, 2, 4 and 6 mg / ml) was used. Motility and viability was assessed before and after freezing the semen, semen freezing was described by Westendorf based with some modifications.

Primary malignant lesion of gut is a rare tumor, only few cases have been reported in the litreature for which different criteria have been mentioned by different authors. We report a case of 70 years old female admitted with complaints of pain and abdominal distention presenting as intestinal obstruction. She was operated in emergency and found to have intussusception hence segmental intestinal resection was performed. Gross, microscopic, histochemical, Immunohistochemical finding confirmed the diagnosis of malignant melanoma. No other primary site was found on clinical examination.

Ivy Gourd Coccinia grandis (L) also known as baby watermelon or little gourd is a unique tropical plant, that is a member of the family of Cucurmbitaceae. It has been classified as a medicinal herb in traditional Thai and ayurvedic medicine. The fruits of C. grandis are known to contain active constituents like taraxerone, taxerol, amyran, lupeol and glycoside cucurbitacan B. The tender green fruits are nutritious and are good source of protein, calcium, fiber and beta carotene, Vitamin-A.

Evidence-based practice, which is a systematic problem-solving approach to using best evidence in making decisions about patient care, is no longer an option for staff nurses. However, there are several barriers preventing nurses from using EBP in clinical decision making. The purpose of this review was to explore barriers to evidence based practice utilization among nurses in clinical decision making. The major outcome was generally, reviewed at individual and organizational level.

Introduction: The management of rectal cancer has changed over the years with an emphasis on neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NACRT) followed by surgery. Multiple western studies had shown better local control and sphincter preservation with preoperative chemoradiation in carcinoma rectum. However, data from India is lacking. Thus, we conducted the retrospective study in our institution to show the impact of neoadjuvant chemoradiation on sphincter preservation in carcinoma rectum. Aims: Down staging, local control and sphincter preservation in carcinoma rectum.

The treatment of mandibular fractures has been in a constant state of evolution with goals to restore function and occlusion. Among various treatment options of Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF), locking miniplate system have advantages over conventional plating system. Bite force assesses masticatory muscle function under clinical and experimental conditions. The subject related factors includes-age, gender, periodontal support, height, weight, craniofacial morphology, malocclusion, temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain.

Aim - To evaluate the effects of a herbal desensitizing dentifrice in different forms on dentinal tubule occlusion by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Recently horticulture crop production has shifted from rural confinement to commercial venture to attract young entrepreneurs and economically viable and socially acceptable.In the North Eastern Region, the total area under horticultural cropsis around 822.5 thousand hectare which is around 3.14 percent of the total geographical area of the region and it givestotal production of 6818.4 thousand tonnes.

A case of utilization of xylazine to induce sedation in cattle to avoid their noise and movement for illegal trafficking was reported. A veterinary tranquilizer xylazine was detected by high performance thin layer chromatography followed by Gas Chromatography - Mass spectrometer. The blood sample of cattle and used syringes was received by the laboratory from the scene of crime by investigating agency. The extraction of drug from the biological samples has been done by using liquid-liquid extraction method.

Oral-facial-digital syndrome effects maxillofacial regions, hands and feet. Type 1 (OFD1) is a rare condition with X-linked dominant inheritance caused by mutations in the Cxorf5 (OFD1) gene. This condition almost always causes intrauterine lethality in males. A still born male foetus was procured as a a part of research work in the department of anatomy.

History of Ayurveda literature can be traced back to Vedic period. Continuous foreign invasion makes it difficult for the exact prediction of descend of Scientific literature in Ayurveda through years. Literature works in Ayurveda flourished mostly in Samhita and Sangraha kala. But a lot of Rasasastra texts were written in modern period also. Rasakamadhenu is one among such texts, which may be considered as an important work in the field of Rasasastra. This text is considered as a compilation work which is done by Vaidyavara Sri. Chudamani Mishra. It is composed of 4 padas and 81 chapters.

In the present study, the 50% hydro ethanolic extract of different varieties of Musa sapientum (Musa spp.) peel such as Nendran (Musa spp. - French Plantain - AAB), Pachanadan (Musa spp. - Pachanadan - AABS), Rasthali (Musa spp. - Rasthali – AAB and Sevvazhai (Musa spp. - Red banana - AAA) was evaluated for in vitro anti-inflammatory activity. Inhibition of protein denaturation, RBC membrane stabilization and proteinase inhibitory activity was assessed at a concentration of 0.1g/ml for all the varieties. The standards used in this study include aspirin and diclofenac sodium.

Lactic acid is found to be one of the most industrially essential acids that have a wide spread application such as food preservative, curing agent and flavouring agent. Lactic acid bacteria has antioxidant activity which is associated with multiple health protective effects such as prevention and treatment of diarrheal disease, inflammatory bowel disease, immunomodulation, treatment of cholesterolemia, prevention of systemic infections, prevention and treatment of allergies, and remedy for lactose intolerance.

Microfiltration usually serves as a pre-treatment for other separation processes such as ultrafiltration, and a post-treatment for granular media filtration. The typical particle size used for microfiltration ranges from about 0.1 to 10 µm. In terms of approximate molecular weight these membranes can separate macromolecules generally less than 100,000 g/mol. The filters used in the microfiltration process are specially designed to prevent particles such as, sediment, algae, protozoa or large bacteria from passing through a specially designed filter.

Fast Life and Competition to stand to the expectation of Parents are making Student Life Complicated Day by Day. While entering into College from School is the stage of Adolescence. It is the period in which several hormonal changes takes place in girls, a change from Childhood to Adulthood. As a teacher in college aims to develop students with skills, good manners and knowledge in their life. This study aimed to determine the problems the students encounter while entering in College.

Nature of much process in industry is nonlinear. Every process of system suffered with unwanted signals called noise, if this noise randomly generated in desire system output than normal or linear filter are fail to remove it kind of noise from desire signal. This paper proposes an Adaptive Second Order Volterra Series Filter (ASVSF) for reducing noise from nonlinear system. Based on the lattice-channel structure with delayed element, updates kernel parameters.

Power consumption and it’s reduction is one of the primary concerns in today’s VLSI design because of two main reasons, one is the long operating life requirement of phone battery and portable devices and second is due to increasing number of transistors on a single chip which leads to high power dissipation and it can lead to reliability and IC packaging problems. Power reduction has become an important issue in digital circuit design, especially for high performance portable devices (such as cell phones, PDAs, etc.).

This paper presents a combination of active and passive filter for the elimination of harmonics produced by non-linear loads. In the proposed technique passive filter is used to eliminate lower order harmonics and active filter is used to eliminate higher order harmonics, and active filter also improves the filtering characteristics of passive filter. By the use this system lesser rating of active filter is required leading to a practical and economical system. The present paper presents a compensation method that is programmed in MATLAB-SIMULINK environment.

This research paper proposes the Fuzzy logic Controller (FLC) for Forward Converter with Active Clamp circuit (ACFC) to improve the performance of the converter Brief review on the fuzzy logic controller and mathematical modeling of Converter is first given. The importance of FLC for forward converter and design procedure is described in detail. And the validity of designing controllers and achievement of desired compensation is verified by the results of implementing Fuzzy PID controller and Fuzzy PD controller to Active Clamp Forward Converter (ACFC).

Perovskite manganite La1.25Sr1.75Mn2O7 (LSMO) were synthesized successfully by the sol gel technique. LSMO was synthesized at pH of 5 and at two calcination temperatures of 1250 and 1450 oC for 12 hours. Phase formation, structure and magnetic properties of LSMO was investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), EDS, FTIR and VSM. It was found that the calcination temperature influences on the size of crystallite and magnetic properties.

Ginger and Garlic Paste is mainly used as a condiment in various food preparation and also serves as a carminative and gastric stimulant in many medicine preparations. As a condiment, it is used for flavoring mayonnaise and Tomato Ketchup sauce, Salads, meat sausages, chutney, pickles, Biryani, Fried Rice etc. The project is about fabrication of mechanical crusher which would help to making a paste for full size ginger and garlic material. This project aims to design a crusher that could be installed anywhere and would aid crush of full size ginger and garlic.

This paper deals with the design of FIR filter using Blackman window, Rectangular window, Tringular window, Taylor window Techniques of order 10. In this paper. The analysis of magnitude and phase response of proposed FIR Low-pass filter are performed using MATLAB simulation. The result window technique provides better result in term of magnitude and phase response of High-pass FIR filter.

Friction stir welding (FSW) is a solid state welding process, widely emerging its usage in various manufacturing applications, used for joining similar & dissimilar metals mostly used for aluminum alloys. The present investigation is carried out on magnesium alloy (AZ31B) plates using FSW technique by varying the process parameters viz. tool material and tool pin profile while keeping the other parameters to a constant value.

Cyber-attacks are becoming commonplace in our society these days as the world becomes more connected. Security attacks on information security infrastructure have continued to evolve steadily and legacy network based attacks have been replaced by more sophisticated web application based attacks. It is vitally important to discuss web application attacks considering the number of attacks happened in the recent years. In this paper, we define each of them in detail and emphasize their differences.

The level of microbial activity in environment water used for consumption in Dekina, Anyigba and Ejule Districts in the Eastern Senatorial District of Kogi State were determined. Sample were taken from Agbano pond in Ejule, Kogi State University borehole, Anyigba, Oganaji River in Anyigba and Dekina River in Dekina. The physiochemical parameters such as particular matter, pH, Temperature and odour for each sample were taken. All samples were prepared using serial dilution. Colonies formation count was done using plate inoculation method at 37oc for 24 hours.

The purpose of the study was to investigate the food choices of teenagers and the health related problems of food consumed by teenagers. The study was conducted in two senior high schools in the Adansi North District of Ghana. The simple random technique was used to select 205 students. Questionnaire were used to elicit information from the students. Data was analysed descriptively. The study revealed that staple food of most students is ‘kenkey’ and fish therefore it is likely they may lack valuable nutrients from other food sources.

Sound land administration needs effective good governance which has become a major area of focus by the government of Ethiopia. However, there is still a gap in applying the principles of good governance in urban land administration. The objective of this study was to assess the practice of urban land administration in Shashemene City of Oromia Regional State, Southern Ethiopia. To achieve this objective, the study has applied multi-stage representative sampling technique. The researcher has employed descriptive research design and mixed research approach.

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of strength training on motoric characteristics of young male tennis players. A total of 40 players of Tennis Club Sportsmen voluntarily participated in the study out of which n=20 were experimental group and n=20 were control group. The experimental group practiced 8 weeks of strength training in addition to tennis training. However, the control group practiced just tennis training.

The Wadi Qutabah gabbroic intrusion associated with magmatic Ni-Cu sulfide deposit is located in the northwest of Yemen, about 60 km. of Sana’a City. Petrographic examination shows the gabbroic rocks are composed mainly of plagioclase, clinopyroxene orthopyroxene and hornblende. Two main types of sulfide mineralization have been recognized within gabbroic rocks; disseminated and massive sulfides. The principal ore minerals are pyrrhotite, pentlandite, chalcopyrite and magnetite. The chemical compositions of the gabbroic rocks represent SiO2 (47.68 - 53.13 wt. %), MgO (1.97 - 9.98 wt.

Election- related violence has characterised Nigeria electoral process since attainment of flag independence in 1960. Since the present Fourth Republic, all elections conducted in the country have been marred by violence. This paper examines electoral violence in Nigeria with a focus on Niger Delta region of Nigeria which has been the epic centre of election-related violence. This paper interrogates the role of elites from the region in the political-cum electoral violence.

In this paper, author tries to relate inflation rate (measured both by CPI and WPI) with growth rate in India during 1960-2015 and calculated target rate of WPI and CPI. Author used Bai-Perron test (2003) for structural breaks and also used Granger Causality test (1969), Johansen cointegration and vector error correction models (1991,1996) for relationship and used residual test for autocorrelation and found impulse response functions for convergence and stability for both CPI and WPI with growth.

Many people in the later years of their lives due to failing health require assistance. On the other hand, many retirees feel restless and suffer from depression as a result of their new situation. They are one of the most vulnerable societal groups when it comes to depression due to confluence of increasing age and deteriorating health status. Studies have shown that healthy elderly and retired people are as happy or happier and have an equal quality of life as they age as compared to younger employed adults.

Indian economy is prominently driven by the cities. Cities in India have its own challenges and opportunities in itself. These challenges are economical, infrastructure related and also social. As per the census 2011, the urban population residing in the various cities in India accounts for approximate 30% of its total population and contributes approximate of 65% of its total GDP. This is posed to increase to 40% and 75% respectively by 2030. In light of this situation, one has to investigate these posed challenges and also look into the opportunities so as to make these cities Smarter.

In Indian constitution there is special provision for the backward section of India to ensure the equity of opportunity. Scheduled cast, scheduled tribe, other backward casts, women, people of backward places are called backward section. There is facility of special opportunity and reservation for the backward section in the fields of education and job. But sometimes we see that candidates of backward section are getting the special facilities and reservation being rich or very rich or highly rich in economy/finance, where real needy candidates are suffering.

In India, always a day starts with a news story saying about the future health care. Air pollution is the strong evidence for environmental problem in India in terms of human health, causing thousands of deaths and illness which leads to a huge amount for health care expenses. Air pollution leads to deaths of many pre-mature when compared to traffic accidents but the media coverage and government action is very less in India. According to the survey conducted by Organization for Economic Cooperation and development, India consistently ranks among the most polluted country.

Theoretically predicted and experimentally confirmed the existence of the new states of matter, called the authors of the “plasma quantum condensate” and connecting symptoms normal fluid and ionized plasma. The theoretical foundation of plasma condensate formed was given. It is shown that the phase transformation of up to 1 MJ/g latent heat that exceeds the heat the most efficient fuels.

The experimental sheep (Bannur breed) were observed for their basic behavior patterns for six hundred hours, six hours in a day during the study. Study was done to construct the ethogram for bannur breed of sheep under semi-intensive farm conditions. Eight main behavioral categories consisting of forty-six different behavioral patterns were grouped under different headings, were used for the study.

There has recently been a lack of judicial confidence in the evidence provided by handwriting analysis which has highlighted the need for objective research to be conducted in this area. Typically a person bases his signatures on one template and although no two instances are exactly the same, they are meant to represent the same shape. Because signatures are at least meant to be unique, they can be used for personal identification. This is also how signatures are used in legal cases.

The study investigates the macroeconomic determents of tourist arrivals in Sri Lanka, using annually series of the corresponding variables. To achieve the objectives both time series technique and econometrics techniques were used to analyze data. The statistical techniques used include the unit root Augmented Dickey Fuller test in order to fulfill the objective of stationary for all the time series.

The twenty-first century has witnessed an ever increasing range of approaches being taken to leadership. Many of these have sought specifically to distinguish this from management by developing innovative theoretical perspectives and models, which have helped to deepen our understanding of this concept. Some of these approaches have explored the possibility of a gendered dimension to leadership styles and have attempted to identify the multiple factors which prevent women from breaking through the glass ceiling and achieving their true potential.

The National Rural employment Guarantee Act 2005 is a landmark initiative in the history of poverty reduction strategies in India. The act providing unskilled wage work to the poor at the bottom addresses the worst form of poverty in the rural India. The Act provides a legal Guarantee of 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to every rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work at the minimum wage rate notified for agricultural labour prescribed in the State or else an unemployment allowance.

This study determines effectof factors marketing mix (4P’s) oncustomer satisfaction as well as effect of customer satisfaction on loyalty to airline in air cargo transport in Vietnam's market through empirical research. Based on establishing research models, surveying and analying of data, research results show that there is a positive effect of the marketing mix on customer satisfaction. The order of importance of effect on customer satisfaction are respectively price, place, product and promtion.

The present study consisted of two stages; the first one compared the dimensions of social behavior among adolescent men and women with special educational needs; And the academic averages were compared according to the types of NEEs. We used the Socialization Battery BAS-1 (teachers), BAS-2 (parents) and BAS-3 (self-perception) (Moreno & Martorell. 1987, 1989). It was carried out in a Telesecundaria of San Francisco de Campeche, with a sample of 25 students; The results were analyzed with the statistical student´st-testand the analysis of variance (ANOVA).

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between Intellectual Capital (IC) and the evaluation of the Portuguese Research Units (RU) given by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). In particular the aim is to argue that in these Research Units, the evaluations of IC is related to financial support (FS) and bibliometric indicators (BI). The article tests the BI/FS relationship at the Research Units in Portugal, by surveying the inputs products of full time researchers members.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is a flagship programme of the Government of India that directly touches the lives of the poor and promotes inclusive growth. It is a paradigm shift from earlier programme of anti-poverty alleviation programme which enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work (Government of India, 2008).

The researcher of this study aims to identify the effectiveness of using cognitive trips viaweb (Web Quest) in teaching Introduction to Mathematics on the mental motivation development among education female students at Afif. The study tool is represented in the design and construction site in the light of cognitive trips tasks strategy "Web Quest" using Dreamweaver program. The author of this paper adopts the reference model (ADDIE) in Web design tasks. The study sample consists of 40 female students, selected to represent the community.

For a nation with multi-cultural pluralistic society to maintain or promote peaceful coexistence, it is crucial to have, positive perception towards their counterparts. Therefore, studying their perception to figure out the current situation is essential to take necessary actions. In this regard, based upon sample survey and interviews, this article attempts to find out the perception of non-Muslims about co-existence with Muslims in Seremban in the state of Negari Sembilan, Malaysia.

This research addresses the issue of the financial cost of the employment relationship with reference to labour and tax regulations in 2014 and 2015 the study was conducted in a manufacturing company of the city of Mexicali, Baja California Mexico.

At a time when the economic crisis is identified has one of the main problems, state administrations are asked to come up with the most effective solutions. The effort focuses on the activation of development mechanisms in order to heat up the economy by limiting the recessionary pressures. A prime example is the Greek crisis and the effort of finding the appropriate response measures. The focus on activation of dormant mechanisms of economic development is a difficult yet one-sided way to address the economic crisis.

Emotional maturity refers to the ability to understand and manage one’s emotions. Academic performance refers to the grades obtained by the students. Emotions play a key role in behavior and influence the achievements of life. The aim of the study is to find the relationship between Emotional Maturity and Academic performance of adolescents. Null hypothesis was adopted. Sample consists of 60 college students belonging to the age group of 17 to 20years, purposive sampling method was adopted.

Background: Distal tibia fractures are rare fractures of lower limb. This study assessed the outcomes of distal tibial fractures treated with percutaneous locking plates. Methods: 50 patients were selected based on the fracture pattern and classified using the AO classification and stabilized with medial tibial locking plate. Time to fracture union, complications, and outcomes were assessed with the American Orthopedic Footand Ankle Society Ankle score at 14 months. Results: Out of 50 patients 37 were males and 13 were females. The mean plate hole was 12.08±1.82.

The alteration in systemic uric acid homeostasis following consumption of certain beverages is generating concern among clinical scientists. There is renewed speculation that high levels of uric acid in body fluids can cause accumulation of urate crystals in joints which may result in gouty conditions. This study assessed the relationship between consumption of various types of alcoholic beverages and corresponding uric acid levels in the blood and urine of regular consumers in Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Condylar guidance on articulators is an approximate duplication of the condylar path in patients and reproduced on the instrument with the help of interocclusal records (Zarb et al., 2004). Varying inclinations have been reported with consecutive registrations, between operators, between recording materials, and between articulators (Christensen, 1978; Gysi, 1929).

Anesthetists should have to face with different challenging sickle cell anaemia cases due to the nature of the disease. Thorough understanding of the pathophysiology of sickle cell crisis and organs dysfunction accompanied sickle cell anaemia will result in a decrease in perioperative morbidity and mortality. Also, proper preoperative assessment and evaluation with a multi-disciplinary team approach will carry out good optimization enabling early detection and management of perioperative complications.

Introduction: Universal moth prop: A mouth prop (also bite block) is a wedge-shaped implement used in dentistry for dentists working with children and other patients who have difficulty keeping their mouths open wide and steady during a procedure or during procedures where the patient is sedated. It has a rubber-like texture and is typically made from thermoplastic material. They come in several different sizes, from pediatric to adult, and are typically ridged as to use the back teeth to hold them in place.

The maxillofacial region is one of most commonly affected region by the cysts, compared to any other part of the body. Odontogenic keratocysts (OKC) are aggressive odontogenic cysts due to their high recurrence rate and locally aggressive nature. These are commonly seen in the 2nd to 3rd decade of life with mandibular posterior region being frequently involved. Here we report a case of 14yr old boy with follicular OKC that was clinically misdiagnosed as a dentigerous cyst.

The antibacterial activity of using lozenges in controlling E. faecalis causing dental caries were not reported widely. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the antibacterial activity of different lozenges such as Strepsils, Koflet and Stodal against E. faecalis isolated from dental caries. Based on our study, Strepsils has higher antibacterial activity against E. faecalis and has a MIC value of 1:3. Stodal as a homeopathic lozenges did not show any activity. This indicates the role of lozenges in controlling dental caries.

Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal that is ubiquitous all over the world. Breast cancer is the most widely recognized tumor affecting women. The work aims to study the effect of cadmium toxicity on cancer associated genes expression in a sample of breast cancer Egyptian patients. A case - control study was conducted on 100 female patients attending the Surgical Oncology Center and complaining from breast mass.

Hypercementosis is an excessive, non-neoplastic deposition of radicular cementum and is mostly presented as a solitary lesion or in rare cases as a multiple type. It usually occurs in the premolar and molar region of the mandible with no sex predilection. Hypercementosis is coupled with a number of etiological factors, which may be local or systemic in nature. It is decision making choice for a general dental practitioner to manage such situations. We report a female patient with multiple hypercementosed tooth.

Aim: The aim was to see the changing trends while restoring resorbed mandibular ridges with different implant designs. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in pubmed, Google Scholar and major journals for studies published between 1985 - 2015. The era was divided into three decades and the number of cases in rehabilitation of resorbed mandibular ridges irrespective of the pre prosthetic surgeries for the implant site where taken into consideration. Patient in the age range of 16 - 75 years of age where included in the study.

On the gums lesions associated with gingival tissues means Epulis or Epulides. A reactive focal connective tissue proliferation confined only to gingiva, but its histopathology etiology is unknown. Fibrous epulis is a slow growing, painless, hyperplastic fibrous tissue mass located only in gums. Commonly found in anterior region of oral cavity. Here we report a case of giant fibrous epulis which occurred in the third molar region of mandible associated with impacted third molar.

The maxillary first permanent molar is the largest and most complex in its root canal morphology. The number of second mesio-buccal (MB-2) canals identified in maxillary molars increased from 51% in naked eye to 82% with microscopy. (Baldassari et al.,) This is a case report of endodontic treatment of a maxillary first permanent molar with 7 root canals identified by Cone Beam Computed Tomography and treated by root canal therapy using rotary instrumentation.

About 80 percent of adults experience low back pain at some point in their lifetimes. It is the most common cause of job-related disability and a leading contributor to missed work days. Vast majority of low back pains are mechanical in nature. In many cases, low back pain is associated with spondylosis, a term that refers to the general degeneration of the spine associated with normal wear and tear that occurs in the joints, discs, and bones of the spine as people get older.

Introduction: Chronic Periodontitis, an inflammatory disease caused by oral bacteria stimulates the host cells, neutrophils which release Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) as a part of immune response. Excess ROS is one of the pathological features in the periodontal lesion. Recently, Reactive Oxygen Metabolites (ROM) were recognized as a useful measure for blood ROS. To reduce inflammation, periodontal therapy is required. Therefore nonsurgical periodontal therapy- Scaling and Root Planing (SRP) may be effective in decreasing circulating ROS.

Background: Scabies is a contagious skin disease caused by infestation and sensitization towards Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis (S.scabiei). The disease could possibly spread through both direct and indirect contact with skin. According to Republic of Indonesia’s Ministry of Health, the prevalence of scabies in Indonesia in 2008 was 5.6%⸺2.95% from all patients who visited Primary Health Care. The incidence of scabies has remained high in Indonesia, with the lowest number was found in North Sulawesi, and the highest in West Java.

Dyke-Davidoff-Masson Syndrome (DDMS) is seldom seen in clinical practice. It is characterized by cerebral hemi atrophy with ipsilateral hypertrophy of skull and sinuses. We report two cases of DDMS, A 11yr old male who presented with generalised tonic clonic seizures and mental retardation. Another case of 17 yr old male who presented with seizures, hemiparesis of the right hand and leg with deformity of the right upper limb and right lower limb.

Sexually transmitted diseases are becoming more common, such as Human Papilloma virus, which occupies the second place in this type of disease, after infection with Chlamydia. Objective: To know the risk cofactors associated with human papiloma virus infection in women aged 25-65 years of the Dzibalchen, Hopelchen, Campeche Health Center and the benefits of the HPV vaccine.

The aim of the present study is to understand the role of emotions, particularly jealousy and envy as a motivating factor for achievement, from Mahabharata’s (Indian epic) perspective. Negative emotions are more powerful as the fear of loss or the avoidance of pain has a much stronger grip on the individual, they are mostly experienced when the goals are blocked and thus motivate one more powerfully towards the achievement of a goal due to the disequilibrium experienced.

Background: Mastalgia has been reported as a condition that impacts individual’s activities of daily living and Quality of Life (QOL). The aim of this study was to evaluate impact of mastalgia related pain on QOL. The study also investigated the impact of psychological intervention done at breast clinic on both pain and QOL among patients with mastalgia. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was conducted to identify impact of psychological intervention on QOL among patients with mastalgia.

Background: Leukemias are a group of diseases characterized by increased numbers of abnormal white cells in the blood and bone marrow. Two promising products such as silibinin and trans-retinoic acid have found to have anti-cancer effects. Aims and Objectives: This work aims to study the effect of silibinin, and trans-retinoic acid on leukemia cells (LC) propagated ex-vivo in comparison with normal cells.

Background: Since the introduction of dental implants, they have been accepted as a predictable and reliable modality for both partially and completely edentulous patients. Successful implant placement depends on the osseointegration of the implant into the host bone. Integration of the implant is greatly influenced by the properties of the implant surface and its design. Objectives: The objective of this review is to determine the effect of implant design and surface modification on implant osseointegration.

Aim and Objectives: Essential hypertension accounts for more than 90% of cases of hypertension. It is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and other clinical outcomes. Even though lot of research has been done for the treatment and prevention of hypertension. The present study was carried out with the objective to find out correlation between oxidative stress and paraoxonase 1 in hypertension (HTN). Methods: The study was carried out on 90 hypertensive patients and 90 normotensive controls.

Purpose: Which is more convenient ABDELHAMID technique or Lichtenstein. Background: Hernia recurrences are mostly due to excessive tension, abnormal scared tissue, and inadequate repair or over looked hernias. In Lichtenstein repair A mesh was inserted along the posterior wall without disturbing the old repair.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of 3D MRI in diagnosing glenoid labral tears in comparison to conventional MRI considering arthroscopy as the gold standard investigation. Materials and Methods: Forty five patients between 15-60 years of age with shoulder pain and suspected glenoid labral pathologies are included in the study.MRI of the shoulder joint including 3D sequences was done and findings are compared with the final diagnosis obtained by arthroscopy.

Stress can fill in as a main thrust regarding acquiring comes about, however then again, relentless stress can go about as an executioner as far as execution. It is essential for nursing instructors to know the predominance of psychological stress and psychological prosperity among nursing understudies. This paper is a report of a review led to investigate the level of stress among the nursing understudies. With the use of modified perceived stress scale (PSS-14) level of stress was measured from sample of 30 from each group of bachelor of nursing 2nd, 3rd & 4th year.

Aims and Objectives: Chordoma are midline tumours originating from embryonic remnants of the primitive notochord. They are low-grade neoplasms, locally aggressive, slow-growing, but highly recurrent. Chordomas have 4 pathognomonic characteristics on plain film evaluation: expansion of the bone, rarefaction, trabeculation, and calcification. The usual radiographic pattern is lytic, with frequent calcification or sequestered bone fragments.

Background: Ectopic pregnancy is the most life threatening emergency in pregnancy leading to maternal death. Ectopic pregnancy jeoparadizes the wish of attainmaint of motherhood also, But now therapy for ectopic gestation has evolved from a radical procedure to conservative treatment aimed at the preservation of fertility.

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to infer and record the prevalence of anatomical variations and incidental pathologies of maxillary sinus in patients presenting with dental and ENT problems who were subjected to Cone Beam Computed Tomography scans performed for Maxillofacial diagnostic purpose. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study we have evaluated 70 CBCT images (140 maxillary sinus bilaterally) from age group ranging between 14-65 years for anatomical variations and maxillary sinus pathologies.

Altered passive eruption is a condition in which the gingival tissue remain positioned on the enamel prominence rather than at the cementoenamel junction. Difficult to detect, most of these cases go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Hence, it is necessary to be informed of this entity in order to adequately diagnose and treat it. Treatment modalities often involve surgical intervention and restoring esthetics is a prime concern in these cases.

Introduction: Tuberculosis kills more youth and adults than any other infectious disease and so strikes the most productive age group. When left untreated a smear positive case can infect between 10-15 persons per year. Therefore early detection followed by effective treatment is imperative for the successful control of tuberculosis. Objective: 1.To explores the different patterns of health seeking behaviour of patients from first presentations till diagnosis. (2) To find out the relationships between sociodemographic & life style factors with the time of presentations & diagnosis.

Despite chemotherapy and radiation therapy as being effective in the treatment of cancer, like other therapies, they can cause some side effects, which may vary in each individual. Sometimes these treatment sessions cause pain that may decrease with time. But in some people, permanent nerve damage happens, which can cause severe symptoms after treatment. The study focused on measuring the effect of two types of music therapy on pain in blood cancer patients.

Urinary calculi are common problems in primary care practice and usually affect people between 30-60 yrs of age. They affect men more than women. In India, 12% of the population is expected to have urinary stones out of which 50% may end up loss of kidneys or renal damage. Location & quality of pain are related to position of the stone within the tract. Patient may present with the classic symptoms of renal colic & hematuria along with nausea, vomiting, difficulty in urinating, penile pain, testicular pain etc.

Oral cavity is one of the commonest site for cancer in our population due to a high prevalence of tobacco use in the country. Aim: The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the oral cancer profile among patients who underwent biopsy in a tertiary centre in Central Kerala and there by implement the preventive measures for controlling it. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted by analyzing the histopathological records in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Government Dental College Kottayam from June 2008 to May 2014.

Aim: Aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of dry cupping therapy at acupoint BL23 on intensity and quality of postpartum low back pain among postnatal mothers in a selected hospital of New Delhi. Setting and Design: A quantitative experimental research, using pre test pot test control group design was used and study was conducted in Swami Dayanand Hospital, New Delhi. Sample and Sampling: 60 samples were taken using purposive sampling technique.

Background: Periodontitis is a polymicrobial disease which effects bone and the supporting structures of teeth. The treatment for periodontal diseases has moved towards an antimicrobial model of disease management. With the threat of wide spread antibiotic resistance rendering many antibiotics useless against many diseases, there is an increased necessity to develop a novel antimicrobial based treatment for effective disease prevention. In this regard an invitro study was conducted comparing virgin coconut oil with standard chlorhexidine mouth wash (0.2%) on five periodontal pathogens.

Aims & Objectives of the study: The purpose of this prospective study is to show the importance of ultrasonography in cases of bleeding in first trimester which helps in confirming the pregnancy & precisely identifying the cause of vaginal bleeding occurring in the first trimester and to define correlation of ultrasound findings with clinical diagnosis. Materials and Methods: The present Hospital based prospective cohort study was conducted on 100 patients in our department during the period of eighteen months; from 1stApril 2015 to 31st August 2016.

A five years old Pomeranian bitch having 7 kg body weight was presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, CAU, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram with a history of straining to urinate, dribbling of bloody tinged urine, anorexia since one week. The patient was mildly dehydrated and dull. Palpation of the ventral abdomen elicited discomfort. Observation at micturition revealed that blood was voided at the end of micturition. Lateral and ventro-dorsal radiography revealed the presence of bladder calculi.

Aims and Objectives: To study the role of triple phase CT scan in detection, characterisation, differentiation and diagnosis of liver lesions. To study the enhancement patterns of various liver lesions on triple phase CT scan.

Objectives of the study: To compare soft tissue chin thickness at different cephalometric points and its correlation with mandibular divergence pattern in south indian population Materials and Method: Lateral cephalograms of 90 South Indian patients in the age group 18 and above were taken and divided into three groups – low angle, medium angle and high angle of manbibular plane to the cranial base. Soft tissue chin thickness was measured at three different levels of chin: Pogonion, Gnathion, Menton. The soft tissue chin thickness was also compared between males and females.

Objective: The objective of this study is to compare & evaluate surface hardness and compressive strength of type III gypsum product after addition of 2% Gum Arabic and 0.2% Calcium Hydroxide. Method: For the study, 80 samples were poured out of which 20 were poured with type III gypsum, 20 were poured with type III gypsum and 2% Gum Arabic, 20 were poured with type III gypsum and 0.2% Calcium hydroxide and remaining 20 were poured with 2% Gum Arabic and 0.2% Calcium Hydroxide. 40 samples were tested for surface hardness and remaining 40 for compressive strength.

Introduction: Human hyoid bone is anunique and important part of musculo-skeletal apparatus of the craniofacial complex. Change in it’s position postoperatively might contribute to relapse and affect the dimension of airway.The aim of the present study is to evaluate the position of the hyoid bone and its co-relation with pharyngeal airway space in different skeletal pattern. Methodology: The study was conducted in-vitro and samples were equally divided in three groups (n=25) based on skeletal pattern.

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of GELATAMP (colloidal silver impregnated with gelfoam) in reduction of post operative complications and soft tissue healing after impacted Mandibular 3rd Molar surgeries. Materials and Methods: The Study was performed in a series of 15 patients (30 impactions) aged between 25 – 48 years with bilateral mandibular 3rd molar impactions requiring surgical removal attending the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.

Amebic liver abscess is the most frequent extraintestinal manifestation of Entamoeba histolytica infection. This infection is caused by the protozoa E histolytica, which enter the portal venous system from the colon. Amebic liver abscess is an important cause of space-occupying lesions of the liver, mainly in developing countries. Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of amebic liver abscess lead to improved morbidity and mortality.

Tuberculosis is mainly disease of lung but can affect any body organ .when two or more noncontiguous organ sites is affected called disseminated TB .This form of TB is more common in patients with low immunity. Due to high mortality among these patients early diagnosis and treatments is essential. We report a case of disseminated TB in form of milliary TB ,Pott’s spine and neurologic TB. Patient was diagnosed early and put on treatment ,and showed favorably response to treatment.

Endometrial ablation is the procedure in which we remove or destroy the endometrium and superficial myometrium to destroy the basal layer of endometrium and inhibit its regeneration, hence preventing blood loss during menses. Based on the Principles used for the development of the second generation techniques for endometrial ablation, we have utilised a technique in which a silicone Foley’s catheter with Hot Normal Saline is used to ablate the endometrium.

In the modern world students feel difficult to control their emotions in order to face various situations in their academic as well as personal life. Success in academics can be predicted more by emotional measures. A student must be emotionally intelligent and mentally healthy so that he can achieve good academic results also. The study was descriptive in nature and purposive sampling technique was used. Three hundred 4th year BSc nursing students from selected government and private nursing colleges in Kerala were included in this study.

The Purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Curcumin, a component of turmeric in the management of Oral lichen planus. A total of 30 patients were included in the study who were administered oral curcumin of dosage 300mg used thrice daily for three months in the management of clinical symptoms such as pain, burning sensation, erythema, ulceration and in reduction of inflammatory markers level interleukin-2, interleukin-6, interleukin-10, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, high sensitivity C-reactive protein.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of immediate implants in periapical infected extraction sockets. A prospective study was conducted on 24 patients and 30 implants were immediately placed into the extraction sockets after debridement and filling the defect with bone graft. All the implants were placed in maxillary single rooted teeth and mostly centrals (right and left) except one (1st premolar region).

Typhoid is endemic in almost all parts of Bangladesh. Widal test is one of the easily available tools in many areas of the developing countries for the diagnosis of typhoid fever. The interpretation of Widal test depends upon the baseline titer which is prevalent amongst healthy individuals in a particular geographical area. In the endemic areas, the healthy people may contain antibodies which are capable of reacting up to a variable titer in the Widal test due to a past exposure, vaccination and cross reacting antigens.

Context: With the increasing awareness of aesthetics among the general population more children seek orthodontic correction of their malocclusion. If malocclusion is identified early, simple preventive & interceptive measure alone can alleviate a developing malocclusion.

Background: The frontline workers which include nurses need to be focused in creating awareness and reduce the cultural and emotional barrier about breast screening among the female patients and community they come across. Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of use of cancer screening programmes among nursing students and staff of a tertiary care center. Methodology: A cross sectional survey was conducted among 300 nursing students and staff of Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra at Tanda, Himachal Pradesh in 2016.

Phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activity of Strychnoscamptoneura (Loganiaceae) leaves were studied by using classical tests. The aqueous, hydroethanolic, ethanolic and chloroform extracts were prepared. The most important extraction yield was obtained withhydroethanolic extract. Qualitative analysis by colored tube reactions of aqueous extract revealed 11 major chemical families. Thin layer chromatography of the chloroform extract confirmed the presence of sterols and terpens; the one of hydro-ethanolic extract, flavonoids and phenolic acids.

There is an urgent need for increase in land allocation to food crops due to rising population, especially in developing countries and on the other hand, cotton availability and its per capita availability is getting reduced due to which alternative fibre sources need to be identified and appropriate technologies developed for their conversion into useful textile products. Ligno-cellulosic fibres are one such alternative but their extraction is a tedious task which may vary as per the intended use of the fibres extracted.

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the most important grain legumes in the word in term of total production and nutrition. It was domesticated in America, and spread around the world. This crop is cultivated in a very large part of Africa, extent in 30sub-Saharan Africa countries. But only a fraction of its accessions has been characterized based on origin, morphometric traits, agronomic performance and seed composition.

The genetic diversity of Common bean accessions from the germplasm of INERA in DR-Congo was assessed to understand their phylogeny relationship using SSR molecular markers. A set of 91 accessions, comprising 21 from CIAT/Columbia, 36 from Mvuazi, 30 from Mulungu and 4 from Gandajika, were genotyped with 12 SSR markers that generated 89 alleles with an average of 7 alleles per locus. Polymorphism information content (PIC) value was 0.64 indicating a fair diversity with a range of 0.40-0.82. The average heterozygosity level per locus was 0.24.

Good health not only implies freedom from disease but physical, mental and emotional fitness as well. Dietary and lifestyle behaviors among adolescents are risk factors for several chronic diseases in adulthood. The objective of the study to evaluate the dietary habits and Life Style including physical activity, sedentary behaviors etc on the health in adolescents. Selecting 100 adolescents of age group 12-18 years in Agra district. Significant effect of exercise, market made food, watching television etc. was observed on obesity among adolescents

Fly ash, a residue of coal combustion from thermal power plant play potential role in bioreclamation of degraded agricultural soils. Fly ash contains some micro and macronutrients viz. Cu, Fe, Zn, Mo, Mg, K, P and Co, Cd, Cr, Pb, Ni which enhance the growth of plants. AMF helps plant growth by increasing uptake of nutrients, producing growth promoting hormones and suppress plant pathogens. In present study, utilization of beneficial microorganism viz. AMF e.g. Funneliformis mossae in fly ash amended soil for bioreclamation of degraded agricultural soil was studied.

The present study was estimating the association between grain yield and its component, which is essential to improvement yield traits. In 6 wheat genotypes analyze the genetic variability and correlation of germplasm in last week of December at Field Experimentation in Agricultural farm, BHU, Varanasi during Rabi season 2015-16. The significant mean sum of squares for most of the characters indicated the presence of substantial amount of variability.

The present study were undertaken in the Department of Horticulture, School of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, HNB Garhwal University (A Central University), Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand during the year 2014 to study effect of various seed treatments on seed germination parameters in Wild Fig (Ficus palmate L.). In this experiment wild fig seeds are given stratification (7, 14 and 21 days at 40C) and then GA3 (250, 500and 750 ppm) treatment to see their effect on breaking dormancy and promot6ing germination. The experiment design was completely randomized block with three replications.

Hydration-dehydration treatments (soaking-drying and moist sand conditioning drying) and dry-dressing treatments especially with red chilli powder (Capsicum frutescens L.) @ 1g/kg of seeds and ascorbic acid @ 500mg/kg of seeds were effective in slowing down seed deterioration of high-medium vigour (3-month-old seed) wheat (cv. PBW-343) seed under subsequent ageing conditions.

The present investigation has been undertaken to find out the antimicrobial activities of the selected crustacean Portunus pelagicus. Antimicrobial activity of the whole body shell of crabs were tested against five bacterial strains and four fungal strains by disc diffusion method. Among the crab antibacterial activity of shell of Portunus pelagicus showed the best activity against Streptococcus (7mm) and antifungal activity of ethanol shell extract showed the maximum activity against Aspergillus flavus. The result of present study revealed that ethanol extract of whole body shell of P.

The objective of this study was to determine the phytochemical content, antibacterial activity and antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate extract of Grateloupia doryphora. The ethyl acetate extract of G. doryphora was evaluated fortotal phenolic, flavonoid contents, antibacterial (agar disc diffusion and broth dilution methods) and antioxidant (ABTS assay, lipid peroxidation, superoxide radical scavenging, nitric oxide radical scavenging and reducing power) activities. The results indicated that ethyl acetate extract of G.

Estimation of fibre yield in sisal (Agave sisalana Perr. ex Engelm.) is absolutely necessary for well ahead planning of marketing arrangements between the actual grower or cooperatives and the fibre purchaser or mills who are situated geographically in distant locations in India. There is no yield prediction method for sisal which could estimate fibre yield well ahead of harvesting.

Obesity is a growing social problem. Obesity can restrict the quality of life and make the person susceptible to a plethora of chronic systemic diseases like Coronary artery disease, Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome and even cancers. Obesity leads to a low grade inflammatory state which creates an oxidative stress in the body. The oxidative stress measured in obese individuals versus normal controls show an increased oxidative stress in the former putting them at increased risk of complications.

The indiscriminate use of pesticides in agriculture can affect the production of fish by creating different physiological anomaly which can also affect the human health by biomagnifications. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the Sublethal toxicity of triazophos (o,o-Diethyl-o-(1-phenyl-1H-1,2,4,- triazol-3yl) thiophosphate), an organophosphate (OP) pesticide, on histopathological and haematological parameters of a freshwater fish, Channa punctatus.

This article focuses on solubility of chemicals on polymeric materials as an approach for selecting the best protective materials. The Hansen three-dimensional solubility parameters (HSP) were used to obtaining the solubility parameters of five of the most used polymer materials from swelling tests with forty chemicals covering a broad spectrum of HSP values. The approach considers that for chemical substances that are soluble in a polymer protective material, this material will not be resistant.

Now a day an image fusion is an emerging field and powerful technology in the area of image processing. The process of integrating multiple input images into a new single composite image with more informative than any of input image. There are different image fusion transform techniques proposed by many researchers.

In this study, ZnO and Al doped ZnO films were produced by Sol-Gel spin coating method. The films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-vis spectroscopy. Their photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the decomposition of the methyl orange dye using direct sunlight. The ZnO film was able to degrade the test pollutant (methyl orange) under sunlight was 55% after 180 min of irradiation of sun light. However, the Al doped ZnO film presented a very high degradation rate under sunlight (95% degradation).

The present research paper discusses the absorbance measurement by using different mixtures of solutions filter. The expected and observed transmittance spectra were recorded and the results have been compared with the wavelength of maximum absorbance, maximum percentage of transmittance values. Mixture of copper nitrate, Copper chloride, Sodium dichromate, Potassium permanganate and Rhodomine- B were used in the present study. Cucl2+Na2Cr2O7 mixture solutions desirable results among other mixtures of solution filters.

Each year, a substantial portion of educational institutions' budgets are allocated to supporting the integration of Information Communications Technology(ICT) into instruction under the assumption that ICT benefit teaching and learning, and can improve student academic performance. The goal of integrating and implementing ICT as a foundation skill area within all curricula is to help students on their journey toward digital literacy through the use, management, and understanding of ICT.

This study was conducted with the objective to evaluate soybean (Glycine max L.) response to P and K fertilizer application under greenhouse condition in a pot experiment. Four representative surface soil (0-20 cm) samples were collected from Damot Sore, Boloso Bombe, Damot Pulasa, and Humbo Districts. Four rates of P (0, 23, 46 and 69 kg P2O5 ha-1) in the form of triple super phosphate (TSP) and four rates of K (0, 21.5, 43 and 64.5 kg K2O ha-1) in the form of potassium chloride (KCl) were used.

This project proposes a parking system to solve the problem of inessential time consumption in finding parking space in college campus car park areas. The proper operation of these systems depends on their ability to detect the presence of vehicles in the parking spaces. A parking reservation system is established in such a way that users book their parking slot through short message services (SMS). A communication device called GSM used to send a SMS to the user.

Objective Exams (OE) plays a major role in educational assessment as well as in Electronic learning. In this paper we present a Framework that generates three types of Objective exams questions (multiple choice questions (MCQ), true-false question (T/FQ), and complete Questions (CQ)from paragraphs of electronic course. The proposed Framework consists of a lot of main stages, it uses both of the Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to generate three types of questions (GFQ, T/FQ, and MCQ), and Exam Maker (EM), it uses the generated questions to produce the object exams.

The study on fatty acid composition of Payangka fish (O aporos) nike has been performed. The payangka fish (O aporos) nike from Tondano Lake was taken from fish farmers as much as 10 kg. Preparation techniques which conducted involve reception, selection aside from fish samples as follow-up material (dirt) and washing. The sample preparation process was taken in considering to equipment sanitation and hygiene. Samples are washed and then drained and dried at 400C for 24 hours. All parts of the fish body used for analysis.

Research on the espousal of information technology, drawing on models hired from social psychology, characteristically outlooks adoption as a task of individual attitudes, the influence of others, insight of facility to carry out a particular behaviour, and facilitating features. A momentous restraint of these models, in technology-adoption situations, is breakdown to deem the features of the technology itself. This essentially theoretical paper introduces the construct ‘website features’ as potentially influential in technology adoption, and specifically Internet banking.

The purpose of this study was investigating the use of Wolayita language (Wolaitatua) in grade five English classes. Basically, the extent to which Wolaitatua isused; reason teachers give for using Wolayita language, and teachers and students attitude towards the use of Wolaitatua in grade five English classes. The study was conducted in Offa woreda and SodoZuria woreda, which are found in Wolaita Zone. The woredas have sixty five primary schools. The researchers randomly selected ten schools as a study sites.

The Cross River monoliths refer essentially to a collection of historic stones embedded in a restricted area of Ejagham territory in the upper Cross River region of Nigeria. These monoliths, locally called Akwanshi clearly capture and exemplify the depth of a formidable artistic tradition that is unique, rich and sophisticated with hardly any parallel anywhere else in Africa. The monoliths, which are yet to have a comprehensive scholarly visitation and interrogation, have however enjoyed a measure of art-historical, archaeological and ethnographic investigation.

This is an inquiry that attempted to explore popular superstitions among Bale Oromos. The rationale behind this research was the fact that there is no former endeavor to study the Bale Oromo community popular superstitions. Four woredas were selected for this study from Bale zone by purposive sampling. The inquiry was expected to play its part in helping us preserve the cultural heritage of the Oromo people. The popular Oromo superstitions were collected primarily from the elders of the selected districts of Bale Robe through a semi-structured interview.

Consumption is a phenomenon that allows people a symbolic experience replete with meanings. The understanding of this practice is not only related to the utilitarian value that the product can offer, on the contrary, there is a cultural dimension that governs consumption actions and the way consumers internalize the meanings of the products.

Corporate governance is like the backbone of an organization. It acts as a guide to all the activities and decisions that are made for the company. Through the effective implementation of corporate governance the board of directors are able to devise efficient and effective strategies in order to achieve the company’s goals. This case on corporate governance and its implementation by the board of directors helps us understand the role, importance and the value of corporate governance.

The World Health Organization indicate that 35% of women worldwide have experienced partner or non-partner violence in some part of their lives, but in war-torn zones in some sub-Saharan African countries like Burundi, sexual violence was a part of the everyday lives of most women and girls during the periods of series of conflicts the country experienced. Sexual violence was used as a weapon of war by combatants during the conflict periods. However, even in the post-conflict era, the rate of various forms of sexual violence is still on a rise.

This study aimed to explore the skills possessed Malay language teachers based on option and non-option in providing the planning of teaching and learning of Malay language. Teachers’ skills were acquired based on their sharing experiences through the program of Professional Learning Community based-approached Lesson Study in the teaching and learning of Malay language.

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a multilingual country with three official languages: Luxembourgish, French and German. Many people living and working in Luxembourg also speak English and other languages, such as Portuguese and Italian. The purpose of this paper is to investigate contemporary language use and language attitudes towards multilingualism in Luxembourg. We conducted online research on language situation in Luxembourg from 1 July 2016 to 31 August 2016, which included a questionnaire via Google forms.

The purpose of this study was to measure the various aspects of self-concept of college students. Self-concept is accompanied by an understanding you have of yourself that’s based on your personal experiences, body image, the thoughts you have about yourself, and how you tend to label yourself in different situations. Two groups were selected one is male and the other is female, both groups have 50 students. Each group has 25 male and 25 female students. Data were collected from the Delhi and National capital Region College students.

Whether or not the quality of education is very dependent on who is running the education itself. The level of student achievement is also highly dependent on the quality of the teachers who carry out the learning to the learners. Education in Indonesia has made a new paradigm in addressing the low quality of education and achievements of learners through increasing academic qualifications for teachers who teach in primary school to high-school level.

Women’s health status in many parts of the world is influenced by the care women acquired during her motherhood time period. This paper comprised the reviews of existing literature encompasses of maternal healthcare services in public hospitals, its efficacy, quality and user’s satisfaction. Access to healthcare services is the fundamental right of every individual in any democratic state which resulted in state’s responsibility to provide ample care to all. Therefore, it is significant to examine how public hospital manages to provide quality and timely care to mother and newborns.

The current study aims to explore the prevalence of superstitious beliefs and their relationship with social compliance among a random sample of female students from the Faculty of Science and Art at Al-Qassim University. The researcher has adopted the descriptive approach in the present study which consists of(100) female students from the primary education section, level seven, scientific and humanitarian track. The researcher selected(50) female students for each track. The scale of the superstitious beliefs consists of(22) items, while the social compliance one consists of(24).

Visual and auditory activities in an electronic English class facilitates multi model learning. E-English class enables students to receive individualized instruction from teacher with extended applications in reinforcing class with audio-visual materials. An effective digitalized language class is expected to move around a well thought-out activity that involves content accessed through computers. The ambiance of e-English class stimulates student-teacher, student-content and student-student interaction in the target language.

Background: Inadequate knowledge of postnatal mothers regarding care of low birth weight babies will pave the way for increase in morbidity and mortality. There are only few studies that assessed their knowledge. Methodology: This prospective clinical trial was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital in south India. Postnatal mothers knowledge, before and after structured teaching programme was assessed in 75 postal natal mothers. Results: Knowledge of postnatal mothers after structured programme was significantly high.

Sample size determination is the essential step of research methodology. It is an act of choosing the number of observer or replicates to include in statistical sample. In some situations, increase in precision for larger sample size is minimal or even nonexistent. Sample sizes are judged based on the quality of resulting estimates. Sample size determination in descriptive studies is different than experimental studies. Sample size determination helps in increasing the quality of evidence based research.

Infectious diseases have become a major concern in the health care fields. Recent increase in incidence of diseases such as hepatitis-B and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has lead to a significant change in attitude towards the importance of cross infection control in dentistry. It has been reported contaminated prosthesis can transfer microorganisms to prosthesis, materials, equipment, personnel, and patients and can establish a cross contamination cycle.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common non communicable diseases and remains today a worldwide and increasing health problem. A recent international study reported that nephropathy is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus accounting for 21.1% renal issues. Diabetic nephropathy is a long term chronic progressive microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus. It has been clinically defined by the presence of protein in urine more than or equals to 300 mg/ 24 hr in diabetic patients with the absence of other renal diseases.

Background: This study is to understand the oral health quality of life for implant placed patients since there are different methods of implant placement. Aim and Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in oral health-related quality of life during implant treatment for partially edentulous patients, and to evaluate the influence of the type of partially edentulous arch. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with a small number of lost teeth who underwent implant treatment were selected. Quality of life change during implant treatment was measured.

Background and Aim: Effective postoperative analgesia improves early mobilization, patient’s satisfaction and reduces psychological stress. Now a days wound instillation of local anaesthetic is commonly used method to provide post-operative analgesia. We design this study to compare the post-operative analgesic effect of tramadol when administered intravenously or in wound instillation with bupivacaine.

Background: Since intra-articular prostheses advanced in terms of quality and longevity, monitoring and evaluation of the results of joint arthroplasty is necessary. This study aimed to evaluated the short-term outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (pain and function) in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip in two orthopedic center, Imam Khomeini and BooAli Sina hospital in Sari, 2011-2015 Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective (surgery documents) and prospective (outcomes) study to evaluate hip pain and function after THA surgery by using the Harris Hip.

Aim: To conduct a survey focusing on the awareness of dental students on the various types of occlusal schemes. Background: Complete denture prosthesis is usually customized for edentulous patients or ones that lost some of their dentition. However, the complete denture prosthesis is not stabilized when compared to natural dentition. Therefore, the ideology of complete denture prosthesis with various occlusal schemes has been proposed to give a significant stability and sometimes it is esthetically limited.

Maxillofacial defects whether acquired or hereditary have always had a significant effect on the functional as well as social aspect of life. Various parts of palate and maxillary ridge resection have had different effect on the speech. After prosthetically restoring such defects there is a need for analysing the outcome of the prosthesis through speech function; it should consist of some form of objective clinical measurements, like resonance balance, determining palatopharyngeal orifice (PPO) opening and speech intelligibility with the help of instruments like Nasometer & PERCI-SARS.

Background/Introduction: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of early childhood. Dental problems in early childhood have been shown to be predictive of future dental problems, Epidemiological studies reveal considerable variationin the prevalence of caries in preschool children ranging from 3 to 85% with strong correlation to socioeconomic status and ethnicity along with local factors. This highlights the importance of prevalence studies and understanding of the local factors influencing ECC in designing a preventive program.

Introduction: To evaluate and compare the labial and lingual cortical bone thickness in mandibular anterior segments during en masse retraction using skeletal anchorage aided by micro implants. Methods: The study was done in-vivo on 10 subjects, with angle’s class i bi-maxillary protrusion and/or angle’s class ii div 1 protrusion patients between the age group of 18-30 years in the permanent dentition. Pre-treatment and post treatment CBCT’s were taken for all the patients. Titanium small head micro implants, were used as anchor units for en-masse retraction.

Background: Risk assessment is an essential component in the decision- making process for the prevention and management of dental caries. Cariogram® is a computer-based program which was developed to depict caries risk of a person graphically using various factors. Aim and objective: The present study was aimed to compare the effectiveness of Cariogram® in caries risk assessment among 12 year old school children in Puducherry. Material and Methods: The study was done among 60 school going children of 12 years old in Puducherry.

Repeated movements, static postures were known to cause postural problems cervical and lumbar disc lesions. This case study subject employed a fitter, where handling of heavy objects with more repetitive manual tasks were involved as part of his occupation. The objective of this case study report was to focus on to clinically evaluate, analyse and treat neck muscle imbalance and posture but also to strength the co existing abdominal muscle weakness. With an improved motor power of neck, abdominal muscles, reduction of VAS by 60 % and 42% in the subjective scoring of neck disability index.

Aims and objective: To evaluate the prescription pattern of steroids in Dermatology OPD and the adverse events reported with steroid use. Materials and methods: The prescriptions of both genders and of all age groups attending Dermatology OPD with moderate to severe dermatological problem, receiving corticosteroid were included. A total of 1575 prescriptions were analyzed for 6months, out of which steroids were prescribed in 600 prescriptions. The parameters assessed were corticosteroids prescribed, their route and frequency, demographic profile of patients and the adverse events reported.

Liposarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumor frequently located in retroperitoneum, and rarely presenting an isolated lesion in kidney. Case Report: Female, 60-year old patient presenting with left upper abdominal lump with no family history of any renal pathology. On examinations 15*12 cm lump; bimanually palpable was detected on investigation left renal cell carcinoma diagnosed she was treated with radical nephrectomy and remains asymptomatic, without evidences of recurrence in two year follow up.

Context: Diffuse Axonal Injury is an important pathological substrate of Traumatic Brain Injury. Knowing the clinical, radiological and post-mortem features of diffuse axonal injury can significantly increase our understanding of this entity in particular and traumatic brain injury as a whole and may help us in treating as well as predicting the outcome of patients with diffuse axonal injury. Aim: To analyze the clinical, radiological and gross & histological autopsy features of Diffuse Axonal Injury in severe head injury patients.

Frozen shoulder, also known as Periarthritis or Adhesive capsulitis causes a significant loss in range of motion typically occurs in cycle of 3 stages. It predominantly occurs in females in their fifties. In textual references of Ayurveda Frozen Shoulder is closely related to Avabahuka. In this condition, Vata is localized in the shoulder region, getting aggravated, dries up the bindings (ligaments) of the shoulders, constricts the siras present there and causes Avabahuka. Modern medicial science plays very less role in the management of Frozen Shoulder.

Regardless of the form which is manifested clinically by degenerative diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, it triggers the pathogenic mechanism as a first modification of the fluidity, that the membrane permeability, in particular of the cellular and mitochondrial. The process begins at membrane level and endothelium coronary to cardiomyocyte sarcolemma through the release of arachidonic acid and catalytic conversion.

Necrotising fasciitis is a rare soft tissue infection of soft tissues characterized by rapidly progressive, necrotizing process that has high rate of fatality. It can occur in an occult fashion wherein the necrosis progresses within the fascia and subcutaneous tissues leaving the upper muscular and dermal layer intact. Unless a high degree of suspicion is expressed by the surgeon this condition can go unnoticed and lead to death.

Context: Since the early 1900s, the scientific community has acknowledged a large group of children with movement skill difficulties who have not been diagnosed with a general medical condition. This difficulty in motor skill competence, observed in children who are developing well intellectually, is termed ‘developmental coordination disorder’ (DCD).

Hope for the first time introduced myiasis in 1840, as a disease of the animals which sometimes affects the human organs. The word myiasis was derived from a Greek word “myia” which means fly. Zumpt (1965) defined myiasis as “the infestation of live humans and vertebrate animals with dipterous larvae, which at least for a certain period feed on the host’s dead or living tissue”. Oral myiasis is a rare condition which was first described by Laurence (1909).

In the past 20 years, the technological advances in radiotherapy have been immense which have improved effectiveness, decreased complications and expanded implications of radiation therapy; but some of the technology has not been rigorously evaluated. Although, the promise of new imaging modalities is great, it is not without its hurdles. Importantly, there are large financial and educational barriers in the initial setup and implementation of these new modalities. The present article is a review about the existing modalities of radiotherapy in practice and update on current researches.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common causes of sexually transmitted disease in both men and women worldwide. HPV is associated with a variety of clinical conditions that range from innocuous lesions to cancer. Genital HPV types are divided into high and low-risk types, according to the oncogenic potential. Strong evidence for a causal etiology with HPV has been stated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer for cancers of the cervix uteri, penis, vulva, vagina, anus and oropharynx (including base of the tongue and tonsils).

Background: Angiomyxoma is a rare slow growing and soft and benign tumour that predominantly affects in the perineum of women in reproductive age group. It develops from myxoid cells of connective tissue. It is locally infiltrating and recurrent in nature. It is of It is of two types: superficial which grows near the surface and aggressive which involves the deeper structures. Case report: We herein present a series of 4 cases of angiomyxoma.

Physical activity and good nutrition plays a pivotal role in maintaining good health. Swimming is a low impact activity and a good workout which confers physical and mental health benefits. It was hypothesized that the nutrient intake and nutritional status of the adolescent swimmers (experimental group) will be different from the non swimmers (control group). The BMI will be different from non swimmers (control group). The study was undertaken with an aim to assess the nutritional status of regular swimmers and non-swimmers in the age group of 13-18 years.

The presence of pesticides residues above the Acceptable Daily Intake values and the Maximum Residue Limits is worrying in the point of view of food safety. In order to identify and determine the presence of organ phosphorus pesticides in bean samples, a multiresidue technique of extraction method was applied, and the analyses were conducted by gas chromatography coupled to a thermoionic flame detector (GC-FTD).

Background: The expansion of the olive cultivation resulted in the north of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to import many cultivars from several countries and planted, which requires the study of the impact of environmental conditions on these cultivars and their success. Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out during 2004 and 2005 growing seasons on five olive cultivars (Olea europea L.). The aim of this study was to evaluative the important olive cultivars introduced recently for cultivation in the North Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

High fat or cholesterol have been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The present study was designed to investigate the possible hypolipidemic effects of propolis on cholesterol fed rabbits and to compare with standard drug available in the market (statin). The rabbits were first made exogeneously hyperlipidemic by giving them high fat diet and cholesterol powder (500mg/kg body weight) in 5ml of coconut oil orally for 15 days and then were administered with drugs like Propolis and statin.

The mosquito Aedesaegypti is the vector of the disease dengue fever Dengue (DBD) which until recently was a public health problem in Indonesia. One of the efforts made in the eradication of the vector control was via DBD naymuk larvae of Aedesaegypti by using larvasida. Larvasida biodiversity derived from plants has the potential to control mosquito larvae, besides its use is secure against man. One of the biological larvasida that can be used is from the leaves of Yam bean (Pachyrrhizuserosus).

Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) has been recognized as a diagnostic marker for diabetes mellitus by the ADA in 2013. Accuracy is extremely important to diagnose the disease. In case of HbA1c measurements, accuracy may be affected by various factors like transportation, storing facility and temperature alterations etc. Therefore, we designed this study to find out whether temperature and storage timings alter HbA1c results. Aım: The aim of the study was to find the comparison of HbA1c levels at different time intervals and storage temperatures.

As the total population is expanding, interest for nourishment is additionally expanding. But food losses occur due to crop diseases caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and fungi. So it is important to utilize the advanced technologies, for example, bio and nanotechnologies in agricultural sciences. Metallic nanoparticles are being utilized in every phase of science along with engineering.

Volkameria inermis is an evergreen shrub of 3m tall, distributed throughout the tropical and inter tropical regions of India. It belongs to the family Lamiaceae. The petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol and aqueous leaf extracts of Volkameria inermis were screened for free radical scavenging activity against DPPH, superoxide, hydroxyl, hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide. The scavenging activity was found to be dose dependent. Of all the extracts the ethanolic extract showed maximum scavenging activity.

Objective: To evaluate practices for food safety, sanitary conditions and food handling by street food vendors Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in 100 street food vendors in Andheri (East and West) suburb of Mumbai city. A pre-structured questionnaire was used for interview and observation of food vendors to access the food safety and sanitary conditions.

Wetland is the land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally such that it takes on the characteristics and distinctiveness of that particular ecosystem. Koothaippar wetland ecosystemis one such highly potential wetland area, which attracts more number of water birds in and around the world. Data for this research was collected from August 2013 to January 2014, covering three seasons, Pre – Monsoon (August and September), Monsoon (October – December) and Post Monsoon (January).

This study evaluate antibacterial property of green synthesized silver nanoparticles Coccinia indica extract as reducing agent against multiple drug resistant bacteria (MDR) such as E. coli, S. aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized through Coccinia indica extract and characterized using UV-VIS spectroscopy, SEM, TEM techniques. The antibacterial activity assays were done against all bacterial pathogens by well diffusion method. The diameter of silver nanoparticles was predominantly found within the range 100-300 nm.

Considering the difficulties the producers have to control the diseases and maintain soybean crop stand, this study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of inoculation of Trichoderma asperellum UFT 201 in control of Rhizoctoniasolani for the maintenance of stand and productivity of soybean at field conditions. The experiments were conducted during crops 2014/15 and 2015/16. Evaluations were performed at 25 and 50 days after sowing (DAS). Counts were performed in the number of plants in order to check the initial stand and final stand, treatment efficiency with Trichoderma and productivity.

An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants was carried out in Loyola college campus, located at capital of Tamil Nadu state (Chennai), India. This survey was conducted based on participatory observations and field visit to all places of our college campus. A total of 105 medicinal plants species with 93 genus, were identified. The main purpose of this survey is to collect data about medicinal plants available in our college campus in-order to preserve its valuable bioresources.

Background: After kidney transplantation proteinuria not only indicates graft pathology, but contributes to disease progression, graft loss and worse patient outcomes. Treatment of the underlying cause may not always result in normalizing protein excretion rates. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEinh) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) treatment in kidney transplant recipients is a field of debate and ongoing research focusing on patient survival and delaying the need for dialysis after kidney transplantation.

Ayurveda is a science of life. To maintain Swastha Rakshana, Ayurveda has emphasized the need of Dincharya, Rutucharya etc. In the same manner to get a healthy and prosperous child, Ayurveda advocates the concept of Garbhini Paricharya. Mother’s diet and activities performed during the period of pregnancy reflect on the fetus. The chief characterstics features in 4th month is the mother expressing the nature of child through her taste preferences behavior. This condition is called as “Dauhrid Awastha” (Desires of mother). The Dauhruda Bhawas of fetus expressed through the mothers desire.

Antibiotic resistance of urinary pathogens especially the extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing organisms has emerged as a global challenge to clinicians trying to formulate an empirical therapy. Choice of the correct antimicrobial agent and constructing an antibiotic policy has also become very difficult in recent years. Area-specific monitoring studies are essential to gather knowledge of the prevailing microbes and their sensitivity patterns.

In the present study, the earthworm species Allolobophora chlorotica reported for the first time from India in the higher altitudes of Nilgiris part of Western ghats, Peninsular India. The original report of the species is from UK. The species is endogeic in nature and are found in the habitats like wet land as well as wood land. The result was documented and concluded by observing its morphological characters.

Aegle marmelos(L.)Corr. (Rutaceae family) is endangered medicinal tree. The Present study was carried out to know the effect of pretreatment on seed germination and seedling growth parameters of size graded A. marmelos seeds viz. large, medium and small. There was no significant influence were observed in germination percentage but the root and shoot length was significantly increased in hot water treated (10min and 15 min.) seedlings compared to control and other treatments.

S. nux-vomica Linn. (Loganiaceae family) is one of the most important medicinal tree species in India. Present study was carried out to know the effect of pretreatment on seed germination and seedling growth parameters of size graded seeds viz. large, medium and small. The present result revealed that the H2SO4 (10 minutes) treated seedling was enhance the percentage of germination. However, with increase in the treatment time the seed germination percentage decreased in germination percentage other treatments.

A cultivar screening test of greengram was conducted. Four cultivars of greengram were obtained from agricultural research station. Seeds were surface sterilized and evenly placed in petriplates. Seeds were irrigated with equal volume of different constituents of Cadmium chloride solution (5, 10, 25, 50 & 100 mgl-1). One set of seeds were irrigated with distilled water was maintained as control (0 mgl-1).

The purpose of this paper is the early evaluation of pre-treatment processes of Bombyx mori silk fibroin used to produce “Kisswa Al-Kabba” in order to determine the degree of efficiency and the differences among the most commonly-used degumming processes. Silk fibroin from the Bombyx mori silkworm was degummed through reproducibility processes in a customized method including natural soap degumming (tap water and deionized water) along with laboratory scale and factory scale machines.

Cardiovascular diseases are the major causes for the death worldwide according to World Health Organization. Among the many vital signs like oxygen saturation, respiration rate and blood pressure of the arteries, “heart rate” is the vital factor monitored (LorenzoScalise, 2012). It is the vital sign required for patient approach both in clinical and emergency situations. Heart rate variability (HRV) is then performed on the processed data to have the record of any cardiac abnormalities.

We have applied a potential approximation known as modified Becke-Johnson (mBJ) based on density functional theory (DFT) method to calculate structural and electronic properties of BaPaO3 and BaUO3 compounds is presented. The Types of chemical bonding is examined with the help of variations in electron density difference distribution that is induced due to changes of second cation. Results reveal (Γ-Γ) direct band gap semiconducting nature.

In this paper we introduce the notation of intuitionistic fuzzy strong bi-ideals of a near-ring and obtain a characterization of a strong bi-ideals in terms of an intuitionistic fuzzy strong bi-ideals of a near-ring. Further, we discuss the properties of intuitionistic fuzzy strong bi-ideals of a near-ring.

The main purpose of work is to develop low cost and portable PC interfaced data acquisition and monitoring system especially for C-V measurement of the ferrite thin films. Data acquisition system (DAS) consist of microcontroller AT89S52, Two ADC (0804) and DAC as sweep generation for C-V measurement, data acquisition system must acquire two parameters simultaneously i.e. cos wave reference signal and sin wave reference signal which incorporates phase and amplitude information. Data acquisition system acquire serially and send to PC with LabVIEW.

A peer group is a normal social group consisting of human beings that share common interests. This group has strong negative and positive influences on members who are mostly adolescents. Such influences reflect their learning and general behaviour. This paper tries to x-ray the positive and negative influences exerted on members. Social and academic roles are among the positive roles the group hands over to adolescent members. Some of the groups wage war against negative influences that can ruin many adolescents such as drug abuse and other delinquent acts.

This study investigated the perception of teachers on the influence of insecurity on socio-emotional development of secondary school students in Owerri Metropolis of Imo State. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Using simple random sampling techniques, two hundred teachers were selected as subject for the study. Three research questions guided the study. Instrument used for the study was a researcher structured questionnaire.

This study was conducted with the objective of investigating English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers’ and students’ attitude and implementations of listening skill. The study was carried out in government secondary schools found in Jimma town during the 2016 academic year. Seventeen English language teachers and three hundred sixty nine students were involved in the study. In order to select student participants for the study, the researchers employed simple random sampling. Comprehensive sampling was used to select sample EFL teachers as their number was not larger.

Background: Patient satisfaction is an important patient-centered health outcome. To date, no systematic review of the literature or patient satisfaction with physiotherapy services has been conducted. Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate patient satisfaction with the physiotherapy services from various private clinics, public hospitals, rehabilitation centers and general population and also to identify the factors that affects patent satisfaction with physiotherapy services.

The purpose of the current study is to assess secondary school teachers’ perception of management of classroom misbehaviours and coping strategies to prevent, reduce and react towards misbehaviours. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The sample consisted of 120 teachers selected randomly from four government secondary schools in the Asella City. Data collected was analyzed and interpreted using percentages, mean and standard deviation. Findings of the study showed that teachers, who are inadequate in CM, tend to have more disciplinary problems in their classrooms.

The world has witnessed an accelerated pace of financial globalization, where wireless networks have made their presence felt. India is no exception, where digital technology has to a lesser extent disrupted financial services in India. Digital banking could refer to end to end processing of banking transaction operations which have been initiated by the client. It could take various forms such as ATMs, NEFT, Telebanking etc.

Aims and Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the acute effect of the submaximal aerobic exercise upon adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels in chronic smokers and non-smoker. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out upon 8 regular (15> cigarettes/day) smoker untrained male along five years and 9 never smoker untrained male. Subjects performed an endurance exercise that continues 40 minutes at 70% maximal heart rate.

Jababeka is an industrial and residential area which has very fast development in Indonesia. Four big villages, namely MekarMukti, Serta Jaya, Pasir Gombong and Simpangan have a big number of residents. There are more than 70.000 people who live in here as workers, staff, officers and entrepreneurs. The continuous increase of the number of companies, residences and new comers brings about a potential of constraints, competition and rivalry among local people and new comers.

Social work is an academic and professional discipline that seeks to facilitate the welfare of communities, individuals, families, and groups. It may promote social change, development, cohesion, and empowerment. Underpinned by theories of social sciences and guided by principles of social justice, human rights, collective responsibility, and respect for diversities, social work engages people and structures to address life challenges and enhance well-being.a practicing professional with a degree in social work is called a social worker.

This paper assessed the local tourism potentialities of Sorsogon province in the Philippines. Data gathering employed an online Delphi-based process to evaluate the criteria in measuring potentialities of local tourism; one hundred and fifty (150) respondents were selected via stratified random sampling; and data analysis used descriptive statistics and non-parametric Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test.

Eighty chickpea germplasm and four standard checks (i.e Arerti, Harbu, Minjar, and Natoli) were characterized at D/Ziet agriculture Research Center using quantitative traits to determine the level of chickpea germplasm variation and to classify the test genotypes into clusters based on similarity and also to identify promising genotype for further breeding activities. Augmented design was used with five blocks.

Introduction: Informal businesses have so many sections in any town of developing counties. Among these informal vending sections, this study sought to investigate the relationship of the ‘Jebena Buna’ venders’ strategies with their daily profit making performance for their long life. The study used quantitative approach. Methodology: Data were collected through structured questioner, in-depth personal interviews and direct observations.

This study was conducted to investigate factors affecting teacher’s use of teaching aids to facilitate students learning in Jimma town secondary schools. The sample for the study included 40 purposively selected mathematics teachers from the four secondary schools in Jimma town. A questionnaire that was adapted from the work of Kamla-Raj 2014 administered to solicit factors that affect teachers’ use of teaching aids in creating mathematical sense.

Practo Technologies Private Limited established by two engineers from NIT, Suratkal in the year 2008, Shashank ND and Abhinav Lal. Shashank’s father had been asked to undergo a knee replacement surgery. He was looking for second opinion from a doctor in the US. Unfortunately, he could not share medical records with the doctor because they were not available in a digital format. That is how the company came into existence. The engineering duo consistently along with robust team creates technology to support healthcare industry.

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