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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

May 2012

The present paper describes the morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus contortus (Rudolphi, 1803) Cobb, 1898, a roundworm parasitizing sheep and goat. External morphology of male and female worms alongwith measurements of important body parts is studied. Cervical papillae, longitudinal cuticular ridges, buccal lancet, spicules, bursal rays, gubernaculum, excretory pore, genital openings of male and female worms, anal aperture and size of various body organs was analysed for morphometric characteristics.

Nine fungicides at two different concentrations were tested for their efficacy in inhibiting growth of M. phaseolina through poisoned food technique. One effective concentration of all fungicides was tested under glass house and field conditions. Among all fungicides, carbendazim at 0.1 per cent was superior in arresting growth of test fungus under in vitro conditions. Further, the same fungicide reduced the disease incidence under glass house and field conditions apart from improving the biological parameters and yield.

The aim of the study was to find out the factors that hinder the implementation of the student-centered methods in the teaching and learning of mathematics at secondary school level. The study was a descriptive survey, involving questionnaires and interviews with fifteen in service mathematics teachers. Descriptive data were mainly presented in form of tables, graphs and direct quotations from teacher.

The present part of the study deals with how to knowledge of IPM (Integrated Pest Management) adopting cotton cultivators in an irrigated systems. Under irrigated condition, among cultural practices, more than 70 per cent of respondents had how to do knowledge about majority of IPM practices. Regarding mechanical practices majority (82%) of respondents had how to do knowledge of fixing light traps and 73 per cent and 65 per cent of the respondents had how to do knowledge of fixing sex pheromone and fixing yellow sticky traps.

A 2-year experiment was conducted at wilt sick plot infested with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris at Adet research center in northwestern Ethiopia in order to assess efficacy of an integrated management strategy for Fusarium wilt of chickpea that combined the effect of varieties, sowing dates and seed bed preparation methods on fusaruim wilt on chickpea. Four varieties, i.e., JG-62 (susceptible check), Adet local (control), Marye and Shasho (both improved); three sowing dates at 15-day intervals, i.e., at Adet 12th Sept., (early), 27th Sept. (farmers') and 12th Oct.

Thirty-eight Trichoderma isolates were collected from fields grown with chickpea in six districts of Northwestern Ethiopia in 2007 and 2008 and purified. Some isolates were identified to be Trichoderma harzianum, T. koningii and T. pseudokoningii. In in vitro tests the effect of Trichoderma isolates on colony growth of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. ciceris and effect of seed treatment with Trichoderma isolates against chickpea wilt in glass house were studied at Amhara Region Agricultural Institute.

The study area forms the part of the Southern Granulitic terrain of the peninsular India. It is represented by charnockites and gneisses. These terrain was found intersected by the younger mafic dykes commonly known as Black granites. The economic importance and its massive nature of the rock brought name and fame to the locality all over the world. Based on the nature of the trend these dyke bodies were characterized into three groups namely Group – I, Dykes having trends NW-SE, WNW-ESE and E-W. Group – II, Dykes having trends NNW-SSE, N-S and NNE-SSW.

A highly selective matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) extraction purification method for the preconcentration of metsulfuron-methyl in goat tissues (liver, kidney, muscle and fat) was developed. A C18 sorbent based MSPD column was used for extraction of the analyte and extracted the metsulfuron-methyl residues from the sample using acidified ethyl acetate and methylene chloride mixture. The extracts were further purified by passing through the disposable silica mega bond –elut ® cartridges prior to quantification by HPLC on an Agilent Zorbax column (150mm length x 4.6mm id x 3.5µm).

In aquaculture, probiotics can be considered a valid alternative to the use of antibiotics and in particular, in fish larviculture, to prevent high mortality owing to microbes and to improve survival rate. Many researchers reported promising results using a single beneficial bacterial strain in the culture of many finfish species. Therefore, L. salivarius isolated from the gut of female Portunus pelagicus and its influence on larviculture was examined.

This paper examines the good and poor performance of Retail Industry in India. Data used in this research paper are all secondary in nature. These Data are frequently inspected by Institute of Charted Accountants of India and Security Exchange Board of India. Six ratios are taken for comparison and ten companies are chosen using statistical techniques and comparisons are taken which are falling in the respective quartile ranges. Inter firm Comparisons is an effective tool to Compare and improve one’s own working.

The adsorption of Ni (II) ions from aqueous solution on smectite from Sabga (Sa0) has been investigated. The influences of the initial concentration, Co, temperature, T °C, and contact time, t, on the adsorption performances have been experimentally verified by a batch method. These results have showed that the amount of Ni (II) ions adsorbed increases with increased contact time, t, and that equilibrium adsorption is reached in 15 minutes. The experimental results obtained are described by Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich (D-K-R) isotherm models.

A study on geochemical characterization of ground water and its suitability for drinking and irrigation purposes was carried out in the Andimadam area of Perambalur district, Tamilnadu. Thirty Four groundwater samples were collected from bore wells and open wells during Pre and post monsoon seasons of 2008. The ground water samples have been analysed by various quality parameters such as pH, electrical conductivity (EC), Total dissolved solids (TDS). The water chemistry of various ions viz.

Decision Tree classification algorithms have significant potential for land cover and land use mapping, few studies have already assessed the use of Decision Tree Classifiers. Decision Tree Classifiers have several advantages for remote sensing applications by virtue of their relatively simple, explicit, and intuitive classification structure. In this paper, the Standard Decision Tree algorithms used for Land Cover and Land Use mapping was evaluated and compared using satellite data. Here multi-spectral IRS-1D/LISS III image of Heggadadevanakote taluk was used as an experimental data.

Education is the chief determinant of social, political and economic development of a country. Achievement of the Kenya Vision 2030 relies on teacher quality. Teacher quality is critical in determining quality of education of any country and research shows that good teaching matters. In countries like Israel, a teacher must be a holder of a post graduate degree and then train to teach in their area of interest. This paper seeks to answer the research question: Is Kenya developing teachers for the 21st century? The methodology employed was document analysis.

HIV/AIDS, since from the time of its first detection, has a medical issue with both social and legal dimensions attached to it. Paper highlighted few dimensions such as compulsory treatment and testing; drug dependents; protection of confidentiality and privacy of clients; right to seek treatment; right against discrimination at the work place; right to marry and right against disclosure to the spouse/sexual partner.

The recent challenges in computational biology are pertaining to Sequence Analysis and various tools related to it. Sequences are to be aligned before they are used for any other purpose like constructing the evolutionary or Phylogenetic trees. These trees predict the evolutionary relationship among various biological species or other entities based upon similarities and differences in their physical and/or genetic characteristics. The aligned sequences are helpful to know the unknown families from a known sequence structure and also for drug analysis.

The global financial crisis is an outcome of deep economic recession which generally refers to business cycle contraction and slowdown activity over a long period of time. It is a situation where macro indicator like gross domestic product, employment, capital utilization, household incomes and business profit fall and bankruptcies and unemployment rates are rise. Global Financial Crisis is among the greatest financial challenges to the world economy which is originated in United States of America.

Cinnamamides has a great era of its applications in medicinal as well as pharmaceutical fields. Several cinnamamides were isolated from plants and many of them are prepared in laboratory by different routes. In the present study different cinnamamides were synthesized by convenient witting reaction pathway. And resulting products were screened for possible antimicrobial activities.

The present study reports the first time and novel synthetic methodology for halogenation & C-N bond formation reactions in the backbone of D-Glucose. The key steps include chlorination and amination of glucose. The synthesized products are designated as Glucose chloride & Synthesized Chitosan respectively. Synthesized Chitosan resembles with the unit structure of Chitosan i.e. Oligomeric Chitosan and it is water soluble.

Drinking water is the essential need for human beings, but most of the land mass is occupied by sea water which is salty in nature and contains lot of contaminants which must be purified in order for it to be consumable by living beings. There is huge scarcity for energy for purification of water and energy demands of human beings are ever increasing. In this scenario for day to day requirements energy is required for water purification, so powering a reverse osmosis system using renewable energy for producing fresh water is being considered as a viable option to meet such requirements.

A joint design of sphere decoding and synchronization algorithms for multiple-input–multiple-output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with progressive parallel inter-carrier interference canceller (PPIC) based on factor graph based soft self-iterative equalization in wireless multipath channels for high speed wireless transmission is proposed. This algorithm can suppress inter-antenna interferences and cancel inter-carrier interferences iteratively and progressively.

Many recent studies have indicated that non-ionizing electromagnetic fields have an adverse health effects on human beings. This study evaluated the effects of low frequency electromagnetic field (LF - EMF) which is radiated by CRT TV/PC screen on blood cell of human beings. The data of incident fields are estimated by the magnetic fields which have been experimentally observed by W.T Kaune et al., (2000) and penetrated electric field & current density inside the blood cells are calculated.

Breast cancer is a very heterogeneous disease that is characterized by a number of histopathological subtypes. The major histological types of breast cancer were estimated. The 180 samples were analysed. The majority of breast carcinomas fall into the category ductal carcinoma (39%) and Tubular Carcinoma (23%) followed, and by Infiltrating Lobular Carcinoma (9%), Medullary Carcinoma (8%), Inflammatory Carcinoma (8.5%) and Pagets (6%). The histopatholgical showed breast cancer are mostly ductal carcinoma and tubular carcinoma.

The service sector plays a vital role in an economy and in shaping its future. The economies of the world are now dominated by services, which account for nearly two-thirds of the GDP and employment. The aim of the study is to identity the mediating factor which influences the service quality in the hotel industry in Kerala. Primary data has been used in this research to collect the information from the respondents for that the author has framed the structured questionnaire, addition to the questionnaire, discussion with the guest and General Manager has been made.

Cyanobacteria belonging to Nostocales family are a highly diverse group in relation to form, function, and habitat. Current cyanobacterial systematics relies on the observation of flexible morphological characters. Accurate and reliable delineation of Nostoc sp. has not been possible by traditional methods. Phylogenetic studies of Nostoc sp. based on morphological and physiological observations have demonstrated the conflicts in identification and genetic relationships among the Nostocacean strains.

In the past decades, the therapeutic use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been overshadowed by illicit abuse of these drugs by athletes and non-athletes. Consequently AAS can have adverse effect like coronary heart diseases, reproductive and endocrine disturbances. The present investigation was undertaken to determine the efficacy of one of the AASs stanozolol on the maintenance of pregnancy in Swiss albino mice. Normal pregnant mice were assigned to three experimental groups. Two groups received stanozolol through sc.

The river Damodar is subjected to a varying degree of pollution, caused by numerous outfalls of municipal and industrial effluents and by other activities. Clean water is essential to human survival as well as to the aquatic life. The study was conducted at twenty water quality monitoring stations in premonsoon, monsoon and postmonsoon seasons to assess the limnological characteristic of the river Damodar. Water pollution is one of the major problems in developing countries like India and the major river is subjected to various forms of pollution with regular decline in water quality.

An in vitro protocol was developed for multiple shoot induction via indirect organogenesis from the mature stem explants of Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb (Caesalpinaceae), a scrambling woody liana and medicinal plant. Callus was initiated from stem explants 15 days after inoculation, when 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) was used alone at 0.25 to 3 mgL-1 on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium. After 20-25 days on the same medium callus formation and shoot bud differentiation was noticed from the entire surface of explants .Callus induction was optimized at 2 mgL-1 2,4-D and 0.

Okra or bhindi [ Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench ] is an important Vegetable crop in the tropics and the subtropics. The Okra crop is very susceptible to white fly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) transmitted yellow vein mosaic virus causing heavy losses by infecting at all the stages of plant growth. In India, occurrence of this disease was first reported by Kulkarni (1924) in Bombay province. It has been reported that when plants were infected within 20 days after germination, the losses can be up to 98 percent.

Indirect organogenesis protocol was developed for high frequency shoot induction from leaf sheath disc callus of Musa paradisiaca cv. Puttabale (AB genome) an indigenous banana variety cultivated in Malnad region of the Western Ghats, Karnataka, India, which is known for its delicious taste and flavor but highly prone to disease and pests.

In the present work, the hypolipidemic activity of the Apium graveolens and Cymbopogan flexuosus was evaluated. It showed significant decrease in the levels of serum Total cholesterol (TC), Triglycerides (TG), Low density lipoprotein (LDL), Very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and significant increase in the level of High density lipoprotein (HDL) when administered orally for 28 days to streptozotocin induced hyperlipidemic rats at a dose of 200, 400, 600 mg/kg.

The present communication pertains to the species composition, regeneration status and distribution pattern of woody plants along an altitudinal gradient in the forest of Nowshera block, District Rajouri (J&K). The whole area is divided into two sites (S1&S2) based on altitudes (S1 from 500-750 and S2 from 750-1000m asl).The study was carried out in Northern and Southern aspects of both the sites. A total of 41 woody plants were reported from the study area, out of which 29 were trees and 12 were shrubs.

Kenya is a one of the major tea-producers of tea in the world .The tea is grown in the highland areas with adequate rainfall and low temperatures. The main tea-growing area is in the Kenyan Highlands, west and east of the Rift Valley, at altitudes between 1800M m. a. s. l. and 2400M m. a. s. l. Tea is a major foreign exchange earner, and the main source for 17 to 20 percent of Kenya's total export revenue. Pests are responsible for yield losses up to 30% in tea world wide. In Kenya pests especially mite pests cause appreciable losses especially during dry period.

Sub-chronic exposure of Tilapia (Oreochromis mosambicus) to Anabeanopsis abijatae, a toxic cyanobacterium was investigated with emphasis on the biochemical indices and histopathology (liver and gill). A single dose of two different concentrations (100μg/kg and 200μg/kg) of extracted toxins were intraperitoneally injected in Tilapia.

Physico-chemical properties and phytoplankton density was estimated in Tilyar Lake (28º 52’ 52.77” N and 76º 38’ 12.05” E.), Rohtak (Haryana) India. Different water quality parameters (pH, Temperature, DO, BOD, COD, Total Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Calcium Hardness, Magnesium Hardness, Acidity, CO2, TDS, TSS, Chloride, Total Kjeldal Nitrogen, Sulphate, phosphate, Net Primary Productivity and Phytoplankton Density) were estimated form January 2010 to December 2010 from three sampling stations sited in lake.

Survey of avifauna of Yusmarg forest in Budgam (J&K), India was conducted using Line transect method from May 2010 to May 2011. A total of 43 species belonging to 6 orders, 18 families and 31 genera were recorded. The spatial distribution, diversity, and abundance of birds were worked out. The diversity varied with season and maximum number of species were found during summer season when most of the birds migrated for breeding. Among bird species, adopted to diverse habitats in the forest were Corves macrorhynchos, Aridothres tristis tristis and Columba livia.

Roots of Chlorophytum borivilianum (safed musli) were regenerated by taking explants from isolated field grow mature plants. Two types explants stem disc and shoot base were used in the micropropagation. This was achieved by culturing on MS solid medium with and without harmones. Both leaf base and tuber explants gave very poor response. MS medium containing 3mg/l NAA gave more number of roots.

Grape pomace, which is winery waste, has been studied and experimented to serve as sources for natural dyes in textile dyeing operations. The water: ethanol mixture of 90:10 (v/v) is used for extraction of anthocyanin at 40ºC from different Tunisian grape varieties. The anthocyanins amount varies from 100 mg to 3200 mg per kilogram of grape pomace variety. The extract has been used for dyeing wool fabrics.

The outbreak of shigellosis, caused by a gram negative enteric pathogen-Shigella sonnei, has become a serious issue worldwide. IpgB1 is one of the major proteins involved in type III secretary pathway of the bacteria which mimics the role of Rho-G in membrane ruffling and the simulation of Rac-1. This condition leads to shigellosis and IpgB1 act as a key virulent factor. The infection usually treated by antibiotics; however, most of the strains acquired multiple drug resistance. Hence, there is a demand for alternative therapeutic agents.

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a common deadly infectious disease caused by Mycobacteria mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) depletes the T-helper cells, reduces the patients immunity and subsequently exposes the patients to opportunistic infection like Tuberculosis.

Food plays very indispensable role in the development of an organism as it provides energy to cart out daily activities. Ladybird beetles are commonly known as the Farmer’s Friends as they are known to feed on a wide variety of insect pests. According to their feeding habits they can be classified into different types viz., aphidophagous, feeding on aphids, coccidophagaous, feeding on coccids and phytophagous feeding on plants. Cheilomenes sexmaculata Fabricius and Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus are the most popular aphidophagous ladybird beetles of the Indian region.

Ticks infestation is highly significant in the provision of meat, milk and other animal products. The infestation rate and predilection sites of 50 each of cattles and dogs was studied in relation to age and sex between June and December, 2011. Boophilus decoloratus, Rhipicephalus annulatus, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus microplus and Haemopysalis leachi were species of ticks identified. Although dogs and cattles were both infested, tick infestation was significantly higher (P<0.05) in cattles (74.3%) compared to dogs (25.66%).

Gomphrena celosioides is a plant used in traditional medicine for treating liver diseases. Tetrachloride Carbon (CCl4) was used to induce liver toxicity on rats. This hepatotoxicity caused a significant rise in liver enzymes, bilirubin and liver cell damage. The different treatments with aqueous extract of Gomphrena celosioides (EAG) at a dose of 500 mg / kg of body weight (BW) and silymarin (SIL) recognized for its hepatotoxic properties at a dose of 300 mg / kg BW decreased levels of these parameters and repaired liver damage.

Hematology diagnostics is growing increasingly important as one of the most fundamental types of clinical testing. The haemotological parameters namely Mean corpuscular, Mean corpuscular haemoglobin, Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, Haemotocrit, Haemoglobin, Red blood corpuscles, Red cell distribution, Erythrocytes and Monocyte are decreased when compare to control but Platelet, Mean platelet volume, Total white blood corpuscular and Lymphocyte count are decreased among the three groups of cancer patients.

A week study was conducted on the efficacy of brine pre-treatment on Clarias gariepinus smoked with Dialium guineensis using storage quality and nutrient assay as parameters. A total of 20 specimens of C. gariepinus with mean body weight of 475 + 25g were divided into two groups of ten; one group was immersed in 10% brine solution while the other group was unsalted. They were smoked with Dialium guineensis for 4 hours, withdrawn and kept at room temperature for one week. Proximate analyses of the two treatments revealed no significant difference (P > 0.05).

Conflicting reports on levels of markers of iron metabolism in HIV infections necessitated the need to investigate the risks of iron mediated severity in HIV- 1 infected Senegalese patients. Eighty untreated HIV-1 positive clients and 50 sero-negative controls were recruited and their serum total iron, transferrin saturation, total iron binding capacity, CD4+ T lymphocytes, vitamin c, zinc and selenium were estimated.

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