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July 2012

Background: Determination of normal CD4 count and understanding the total lymphocyte count (TLC)-CD4 count relationship could assist in making clinical decisions during antiretroviral therapy, especially in underserved resource-poor settings. The aim of this study is to establish the normal reference values of CD4 count in healthy HIV negative adults residing in our environment.

Research has demonstrated considerable controversy over the relationship between supervision and professional efficiency. This paper seeks to analyze the relationship between supervision practices and Human Resource Management efficiency (HRM) levels in Gulu district primary schools. The study employed a cross sectional parallel sample survey design. It was conducted on a sample of 14 supervisors, 39 headteachers and 237 teachers of primary schools in Gulu district.

Web mining is a new developing research discipline and also it is subdivision of Data Mining , it has attracted a great deal of attention in the Information Technology and in society as a whole in recent years, due to the wide range and availability of huge amount of heterogeneous data. The web has become versatile tool for almost all application today. Mine this available huge data to make it proper use and presentable, giving right solution to a particular problem is a big real challenge .

A comparative study of biogas production from ash-treated and untreated bagasse and its storage was investigated. Both wastes were charged into two 200L metal prototype biodigesters in the ratio of 3:1 (water:waste). The first biodigester contained partially hydrolyzed untreated bagasse while the second contained bagasse which was soaked in ash-treated water for one week. Proximate analyses as well as total solids, volatile solids, carbon content and calorific value were conducted on the waste while microbial level, PH and temperature were determined on the slurry.

This paper presents a high-efficiency and high-step-up nonisolated interleaved dc–dc converter with a common active-clamp circuit. In the proposed converter, the coupled-inductor boost converters are interleaved. A boost converter is used to clamp the voltage stresses of all the switches in the interleaved converters, caused by the leakage inductances present in the practical coupled inductors, to a low voltage level. The leakage energies of the interleaved converters are collected in a clamp capacitor and recycled to the output by the clamp boost converter.

Present investigation reveals the energy yield, environmental issues, and waste management through optimal two stage anaerobic digestion process. The various process parameters (TKN, pH, C/N ratio, moisture content etc.) need to control in such a manner that in less retention time, more biogas yield to be recorded with high quality manure. Present disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) through incineration / landfills creates air, soil and ground water pollution.

Background: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is an overuse injury causing inflammation at the origin of the plantar fascia and surrounding perifascial structures, such as the calcaneal periosteum, which affects about 10% of the population at least in one moment in life. Successful treatment of plantar fasciitis usually requires a combination of treatment modalities, rather than administering only one treatment at a time. This study is aimed to examine the effect of dorsiflexion night splints with ultrasound therapy and exercises in the management of plantar fasciitis.

Multi-band satellite imagery used in remote sensing for environmental monitoring, mapping and land use planning is compressed using Discrete Wavelet Transform to reduce storage capacity and transmission bandwidth in an efficient and effective manner. This paper explains the use of 2D Discrete Wavelet Transform for compression of Landsat5 multispectral band satellite image and analysis of its performance using various parameters such as Compression Ratio (CR), Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Digital Number Minimum (DN min) and Digital Number Maximum (DN max).

The mosaic of demographic surface experiences a continuous change over time, if the area is frequented by constant influx of population from outside. This phenomenon is very well-known in the developing countries wherein rural to urban migration is very prominent. Being a part of developing world India bears such imprints as here the propensity of migration from the remote areas to larger cities or metropolis is an evident phenomenon. After the independence, drastically reduced death rate and slightly reduced birth rate have instigated booming of population.

The fundamental message of sacred scripture proclaims that the human person is a creature of GOD and sees in his being in the image of GOD the element that characterizes him, in the image of himself (GOD) he created male and female. The likeness with GOD shows that the essence and existence of man are constitutively related to GOD in the most profound manner this is a relationship that exists in itself, it is therefore not something that comes after more do and is not added from the outside.

Urbanization is inevitable and irreversible. In India, more than two-fifths of the total 377 million urban dwellers inhabit 53 metropolitan cities as per 2011 census. This is radically transforming the urban environment of metropolitan areas in the country creating social and environmental problems in the condition of inadequate provision of basic infrastructure for sustenance and proper housing at affordable cost. All this has made the cities mismanaged.

Women are economically excluded member of family in traditional society of developing countries, but they are engaged in house hold works like cooking, children rearing, manage the all parts of family throughout the day. Because, socially constructed rules are usually unequal in terms of power, decision- making, freedom, ownership of resources, and so on. This is the scenario of non-tribal and rural women in traditional society of main-stream civilization. Women of tribal community are exception to this discipline in terms of family income and other works of family.

Aerospace components from titanium alloys require the greatest reliability and satisfied surface integrity requirement. However, during machining of titanium alloys, the machined surface is easy damage because of the difficult-to-machine material and poor machinability. The aims are to investigate the surface integrity of Ti-6%Al-4%V precision machining under dry cutting condition. The results showed that the surface roughness values recorded were more affected by feed rate and nose radius geometry. Surface roughness was high value at the first machining followed by decreasing.

The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of vermicompost and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of tomato plants. Physico-chemical properties of the soil in both control and experimental plots were studied and interrupted with results. Plant growth (height), number leaves per plant, number of flower and fruits were also recorded. Vermicompost treated soil showed increased plant growth, number of leaves, flower and fruits compared to control soil. Significant yield was recorded on vermicompost soil.

Objectives: This study investigated the prevalence of gastro- intestinal parasites among patients attending a secondary health care facility in Dadin Kowa community, Jos metropolis, North Central Nigeria. Methods: Fecal samples from 300 patients were examined microscopically using formal ether concentration technique.

The objective of the work is to perform precision turning using conventional lathe on Ti6Al4V under dry working conditions. Various parameters that affect the machining process were identified and a consensus was reached regarding its values. The proposed project is to perform machining under these conditions and parameters and to compare the chip morphology and tool. This thesis work aims to optimize the machining performance in precision turning operations. In finishing operations, Tool wear and Chip Morphology are major concerns.

Amylases are starch degrading enzymes. They are widely distributed in microbial, plant and animal. They degrade starch into free glucose and limit dextrins. Hence, amylases have couple of applications in food & pharmaceutical industries too. Amylase extracted form Phaseolus vulgaris was immobilized on a Bombyx mori silk fabric activated by chlorination and diazotization. The 82 % of immobilization was done onto chemically charged Bombyx mori silk fabric. The optimum temperature, pH, time of incubation, substrate concentration and effect of calcium chloride concentration were studied.

The association among yield and yield components, their direct and indirect influences on grain yield were estimated in 58 rice introgression lines including check varieties. Analysis of variance for the design of experiment indicated that only three characters were non-significant and two characters were significant and other characters were highly significant indicating variability among treatments under drought condition. Leaves per seedling significant and other.

Field experiments were conducted to study the effect of seed pelleting with flyash on growth, gas exchange parameters and seed yield in greengram with different concentrations ranging from 25 to 300g kg-1 of seed. Observations on growth and yield parameters viz., plant height, number of branches, number of leaves, leaf area, dry matter production, number of pods, number of seeds per pod, 100 seed weight, seed yield per plant and gas exchange parameters viz., net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and intercellular CO2 concentration were recorded.

Studies based on subtractive genomics approach could facilitate the selection, processing and development of strain-specific drugs against various pathogens. The current study based on complete proteome information of Chlamydia trachomatis strain D/UW-3/Cx (ocular-urogenital pathogen of human) revealed 623 proteins; which were non-homologous to human genome. Subjecting this set of non homologous proteins against the Database of Essential Genes 203 proteins were screened out as essential proteins of the C. trachomatis.

The aim of the present investigation is to assess the pollen viability and in vitro germination in Chlorophytum comosum and Asparagus officinalis. Pollen viability was tested with 1 % acetocarmine and 0.5 % TTC stain. For in vitro germination different media with variable concentrations and compositions of sucrose and boric acid were used. Maximum in vitro pollen germination in sucrose (40%), boric acid (40 ppm), sucrose + boric acid (30 % sucrose + 50 ppm boric acid) was found to be 77.62, 76.18 and 79.56 % in Asparagus officinalis.

The focus of the present study is to isolate and identify the potential methanogenic bacteria from the cowdung procured from Namchi, South Sikkim, India. It was observed that, two bacterial isolates PRATIK-20 and VBC3 showed biogas (methane gas) production of 33.54% and 40.50% respectively using cow dung concentration 75% (w/v), inoculum 25% (w/v) at pH 7 and temperature 35°C in the fabricated anaerobic digester. Based on the 16S rDNA sequence, the bacterial isolates PRATIK-20 and VBC3 were identified as Bacillus sp. and Proteus sp. respectively.

Aonla (Emblica officinalis L.) belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. The chromosome number of Aonla is 2n=28. Aonla is indigenous to tropical south eastern Asia particularly in central and southern India. The fruit is highly nutritive and it is a rich source of vitamin C. It is valued as antiscorbutic, diuretic, laxative and antibiotic. The investigation was comprised of estimation of genetic diversity of Aonla by using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA marker. The light green colored leaves harvested from 20 different germplasm were used for DNA extraction by CTAB method.

Production of penitrem B by Penicillium aurantiogriseum under different cultural conditions was investigated. The toxin production was analysed by employing different media. Among the different media employed Richards medium was good substratum for both vegetative growth and toxin production. Except beef extract, all the other microbial nutrients tried enhanced the production of penitrem B.

Phytoplankton biodiversity and water quality of famous lake, Anchar Lake, Srinagar (Lat 34° 20΄- 34° 36΄N. 74° 82΄ - 74° 85΄E Long.), Kashmir were examined in the study. During the study period (June 2010 to May, 2011), phytoplankton composition and physico-chemical characteristics of water are indicative of eutrophic condition in three different collection zones (ZA, ZB and ZC) of the lake. The species richness displayed fair variety of algal species (86 taxa). The community was dominated by the members of Bacillariophycea, Chlorophyceae and Cyanophyceae.

Our work was focused on the taxonomic composition of zooplankton in Anchar lake during June 2010 to May 2011. During the investigation, 23 species of zooplankton were observed belonging to the different groups i.e., Protozoa, Rotifera, Copepoda, Cladocera and Ostrocoda. During study period, the zooplankton was composed of 06 taxa of Protozoa, 07 taxa of Rotifera, 07 taxa of Cladocera, 02 taxa of Copepoda and 01 of Ostrocoda. Comparison of the obtained results with those of earlier investigations performed during 2001 showed that changes have occurred in the interval.

In the present scenario where herbal and eco-friendly substances are being preferred over their synthetic counterparts, the present study is a contribution to the ongoing oncology research with a similar aim. Barringtonia acutangula L. and Stereospermum colais L. plants were selected based on their medicinal properties, which are well documented. The plants were subjected to a series of assays to evaluate its anti-cancer potentials.

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