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Analyse de la rentabilitééconomique de la culture du mil et du sorgho sur les sites recupérés avec des demi-lunes dans la zone de bagaroua au Niger

Author: 
Abdoulaye Mayara Aichatou, Soumana Boubacar and Barage Moussa
Subject Area: 
Social Sciences and Humanities
Abstract: 

Description of the subject: In rural areas, food insecurity threatens the population more and more in recent decades and still continue. This is why this study set out to analyzed the Economic profitability of the millet and sorghum’s crop on the sites recovered half-moons to cope with the shock of land degradation in Bagaroua area (Republic of NIGER).Method. Primary data were obtained through individual surveys preceded by focus groups. A total of 254 households were randomly selected from 3 villages in the Tahoua region, Bagaroua department, WFP intervention area. The results of the socioeconomic profile obtained using the HEA method show that 69.5% of households are poor, 27.75% belong to the middle class and 1.52% wealth. Regarding food security, the Household Food Insecurity Scale (EIAM) shows that only 14.28% are food secure. Results: The study revealed that the addition of organic manure to the half-moons makes it possible to obtain millet and sorghum grain productions ranging from 450 to 750 kg / ha. On the other hand, despite the good hydric state, the infiltration due to the destruction of the surface crust and to the storage of water without input in these half-moons does not seem to increase the production (less than 100Kg / ha). As a result, the operation of the structures studied (half-moons) are profitable, given that one franc invested brings in 5.17 FCFA. Thus, the recovery of land by half-moons can be an effective method of recovery and productivity of degraded soils so that finally curb the problem of frequent food insecurity and reduce household poverty in Niger and more specifically the region of Ader.

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