Mahua (Madhuca longifolia) belongs to Sapotaceae family. The flowers of Mahua tree are fermented to produce an alcoholic drink called Mahua, country liquor. The cost of dried mahua flowers is quite less in comparable to other raw materials source. Tribal men and women consider the tree and Mahua drink as a part of their cultural heritage. They consumed this liquor in all the social gatherings and ceremonies. It is cheaper than IMFL (Indian Made Foreign Liquors) and other country liquors so for a common public, it is quite available, and they consume a huge amount. Madhuca longifolia has found many important properties yet its several other potential have to be finding out or fully explore by research workers along with the people of tribal community so they may have more and valuable knowledge . Further studies are needed to find out the comparative economics of ethanol production from the mahua flower and other cheap carbohydrate sources.