Butea monosperma is a medium sized tree, growing from 6 to 12 m high and the trunk is usually crooked and twisted with irregular branches and rough grey bark. It is seen in all its ugliness in December and January when most of the leaves fall, but from January to March it truly becomes a tree of flame, a lot of orange and vermilion flowers. The palas is sacred to the moon and to Brahma and is said to have sprung from the feather of a falcon impregnated with the soma the beverage of the gods and thus immortalized. The plant is also popularly known as Kakracha, Mooduga, Palasamu, Parasa, Mutthuga, Dhak and Palas. In the present study we were describe the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and antiesterogenic activity of various parts of Butea monosperma.