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January 2014

This observational study was conducted on prospectively collected 50 cases of chronic cervical lymphadenopathy from Department of General Surgery, Al-Ameen Medical College, Bijapur during the period of October 2003 to February 2006. All patients were evaluated through detailed history, general physical examination, systemic examination and relative examinations. Data was analyzed with SPSS ver 10.0. Age ranging from 2-50 years with average age being 26.7 years, tuberculous adenitis 62%, chronic non-specific adenitis 28%, lymphoma 6%, secondary carcinoma 4%. Male:Female ratio 1:1.08.

The aquatic medium such as pond, lake, estuary, water reservoirs and rivers surrounding the industrial, agricultural fields and urban areas in India, pose a serious risk for survival of aquatic organisms due to water quality deterioration through industrial effluents, excessive nutrient inputs, acidification, heavy metal, fertilizer contamination and organic pollution. Chromium is known to be a very toxic pollutant introduced into natural waters from a variety of sources including industrial effluents.

Numerous numbers of aquatic organisms are living in the aquatic medium which can majorly benefit to the man. However, due to the continuous rise in the development of industries, many of these aquatic flora and fauna are killed because of toxic metals. Heavy metals from natural and anthropogenic sources are continually released into aquatic ecosystem. The toxicity of heavy metal causes long persistence, bio accumulative and non-biodegradable in the food chain.

The freshwater fish Oreochromis mossambicus was exposed to 10% sublethal concentrations of (LC50 for 96h ppm - 0.0028 ppm) monocrotophos for a period of 10, 20 and 30 days to study the effect of monocrotophos on the ultrastructure of gill. The scanning electron microscopic studies revealved many morphological changes in the gill of Oreochromis mossambicus such as fusion of secondary gill lamellae, degeneration of secondary lamellae and necrosis due to chronic exposure of pesticide monocrotophos.

The toxic effect of ammonium sulphate on the histology of gill and liver of Oreochromis mossambicus was studied. The fish were exposed for 10, 20 and 30 days in 10% sublethal concentration of 96 h LC50 of ammonium sulphate (148mg/l). The gills exposed to sublethal concentration of ammonium phosphate showed mild histological alterations during 10 days of exposure. However after 30 days, fusion of gill lamellae, hypertrophy and degeneration of epithelium were prominent. Liver lesions consisted of vacuolation, degeneration of hepatocytes and disintegration of cell boundaries of hepatocytes.

Background: The main aim of this study was to examine the effect of chemical mutagens on enhancement of extreme acid and alkaline condition of Vicia faba nodulating rhizobial isolates from Hararghe highlands in Ethiopia. Methods: A total of 50 wild rhizobial isolates were isolated from different regions of Hararghe highlands soils by using pot experiment. All selected isolates showed significantly (P ≤ 0.05) higher nodule dry weight (NDW) than the positive control. Above the 50 isolates only 10 highly performed isolates were subjected to chemical mutation.

Colour is one of the most attractive features of flowers determining its capacity to attract insect pollinators. It also plays a major role in its market acceptance. In nature, flowers and seeds of different hues and shades are observed. In the beginning of 19th century, scientists proposed the Blending hypothesis to explain the inheritance of flower and seed colour. During 1866, the Austrian monk Gregor Johann Mendel proved this theory false. Subsequently, the Particulate hypothesis of inheritance accrued wide acceptance (Holton and Cornish, 1995).

Physiological adjustment to enhance tolerance or avoidance of drought were studied in three desert plants growing in Al-Thomamah and Al-Derayah habitats, central region, Saudi Arabia. Studied plants Tamarix aphylla L., Zygophyllum coccineum L. and Artemisia monosperma Del. were collected from three stands for each habitat in March 2012. Cell sap osmotic potential, some organic (soluble sugars, total lipids content, soluble proteins, and free fatty and amino acids) and inorganic (K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-, SO42- and HCO3-) soluble concentration were determined.

Sexual selection often involves female preference for males of certain age, and a body of theoretical information predicts preference for old males in species in which mating is resource independent and both parents do not show parental care. Phorticella striata is one such species in which mating is resource independent and both parents do not show parental care. Outbred population of P. striata has been used to understand age based female mate preference. It was noticed that in P. striata females of all age preferred older males more frequently than young or middle aged males.

In the present study, sero-prevalence of anaplasma sp. in sheep, Ovisaries (L) was done from January-May, 2012 in Peshawar, Pakistan. The information concerning anaplasmosis in sheep is scare.For this purpose, 376 serum samples were obtained randomly from4 different breeds of sheep,fromdifferent areas of Peshawar, and an indirect ELISA using recombinant MSP-5 as antigen of Anaplasmamarginale (T), was performed. Totally, 92/376 (24.47%) of the overall sheep sera were positive for antibodies against A. marginale. In 4 breeds of sheep, (i.e.

Background: Nursing literature indicates that patient teaching is a critical component of nursing roles, and health teaching is of the basic rights of the patients. Nursing students facing challenges and constraints while providing patient health teaching that requires study and judgments. Aim: The aim of the study was to identify the barriers of patient health teaching among nursing students in Faculty of Nursing in Tanta University. Material and method: descriptive design was used.

Osteoporosis is a disorder in which there is a reduction of bone mass, with a consequent increase in risk of bone fracture. The term "treatment adherence" is defined as two distinct concepts, persistence and compliance. Nurses play a significant role in the consistency of treatment, and compliance to osteoporosis management. Structured education is a planned and graded program that is comprehensive in scope, flexible in content, responsive to an individual’s needs, and adaptable to patient's educational and cultural background.

The use of industrial waste materials as additives in the manufacture of ceramic products has been attracting a growing interest from researchers in recent years and is becoming common practice. This work describes the changes in the behaviour of the clay material used in a ceramic industry due to addition of grog, produced in ceramic industry. Mixtures of clay and waste material (0–50 wt. %) were uniaxially pressed and sintered at temperature 1000°C.

The 21st century era is witnessing society and stakeholders demand not only for economic, legal, profit motives and philanthropy activities, but way beyond all these. As such, profit seeking function of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been dominating people’s thinking for ages. Due to this concern, this conceptual paper draws attention to the CSR activities from the perspective of environmental concern.

The study investigates the impact of consumer ethnocentricity in respect to local and foreign brands preference which obliging for consumers and marketers to understand the market need and situations. Data was collected from Islamabad and Rawalpindi respondents. By using convenient sampling, 300 questionnaires were floated and response rate was 84.3%. Regression and correlation was used to analyze the results. The local brands preference has significantly positive relationship with consumer ethnocentricity while foreign brands preference has significantly negative relationship.

This paper examines the relationship between human attitudinal and behavioral factors of employees involvement and satisfaction in relation with a job and there commitment associated with the organization, along with there effect on labor turnover in banking sector of Pakistan by understanding of which an organization can create a idyllic and conducive working environment. Relationship between the variables under study is explored using structural equation modeling as a statistical tool.

Conversion to IFRS offers entities a number of important potential benefits. Notwithstanding its benefits, the transition to IFRS will be challenging. It is therefore imperative to assess the impact of IFRS and immediately embark upon taking the steps to towards convergence plan and positive and pro-active approach from all the stakeholders – the regulators, the ICAI, the profession and the industry. Therefore, an attempt to throw light on key challenges embedded with conversion to IFRS is made through this research paper.

Over the years, alternative approaches at fighting extreme poverty have yielded substantial results among those hardly hit in the world today. The number of people in extreme poverty in the world has declined from 47 percent to 22 percent in 2010. Thus, about less than 700 million people live in extreme poverty today than in 1990. Despite this gain, development and programme financing, management, politics, poor programme design and engineering are still a very big challenge to the acceleration of progress.

Tourism is one of the few sectors where Kerala has clear competitive advantages given its diverse geography in a short space ranging from the Western Ghats covered with dense forests to the backwaters to the Arabian sea. Its ancient rich culture including traditional dance forms and the strong presence of alternative systems of medicine add to its allure. Unfortunately, Kerala is dominated by domestic tourism within the state although foreign tourists arrivals to the state has been growing at a faster rate than national average.

This study analyzes the weakness of legally registered opposition political parties in post-1991 political order of Ethiopia. To analyze this state of affairs, the authors adopt a structural approach. Two major questions should be addressed in this regard. First, what factors affect operations of opposition parties? Second, why have the opposition political parties have been weakened? The paper argues that the weak nature of opposition political parties in Ethiopia has to do with the existing internal and external contexts in which the opposition political parties are currently operating.

Migration is developing into a very significant issue to concern in Assam. Every year hundred of youth migrated to the states like Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat in search of occupation. Generally youths of Dhemaji, Lakhimpur and Majuli are migrated. The present paper attempted to investigate various factors which lead to migration particularly in Dhemaji District of Assam. Further this study explained how the social welfare schemes can play an important role in reducing migration in this particular district.

One of the implications of cultural invasion is to disseminate Satanism misleading sect. By different tricks, it has attracted many unaware youngsters in different countries and is now changed to a security threat since committing types of crimes is not only abominable in this sect but also it is considered as praiseworthy and a factor for its members’ promotion. Unfortunately a few numbers of Iranian youngsters have tended to this sect under the influence by enemies’ propaganda while they have no information of Satanism.

The Simple K-Means Clustering Technique as an input image articulated in different color spaces with different label fields to be fused. Our paper fusion segmentation maps are combining with clustering procedure as an input features to estimate the local histogram class labels for all initial partitions. This techniques residue simple to realized, quick, a variety range of applications such as motion segmentation and detection and has been lucratively functional on the Berkeley image database.

Considering the group of mobile computing applications with occasionally connected clients and are wish to share data, nevertheless, due to the cost of mobile communication, they only connect occasionally. Usually a constant server connection, having a collective of client data, makes easy sharing between clients by permitting the clients to download updates submitted by other clients and upload local updates. Then the server computes and retransmits these updates on a client-by-client basis.

Searching is becoming pervasive and one of the most popular applications on mobile devices. The image search is based on the input query. Based on the query images is retrieval from database through mobile devices. Text, voice, sketches are used as query to search images on mobile devices. Search performance is the main constraint for any kind of search techniques. To improve the searching performance we need to create new technique. For that purpose, some of the searching techniques were studied below.

The mineral elements and proximate (protein, crude fat, crude ash, moisture and total carbohydrate) composition of Clarias gariepinus (Cat fish) and Oreochromis niloticus (Tilapia) preserved by traditional methods (smoking, frying and steaming) were investigated by standard methods described by the Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC). The mean protein, fat, fiber, ash, moisture and carbohydrate composition in g/100g for fresh Tilapia were found to be 21.54, 3.50, 0.43, 1.30, 61.00, 10.53, and for cat fish – 19.53 , 1.00, 1.30, 1.74, 76.40, 1.33 respectively.

Cobalt ferrite {Cox(Fe2O3)1-x} samples were prepared by conventional ceramic method with ferrite system (x = 0.29, 0.31, 0.33 and 0.35). Structural measurements showed that all the samples of (CoFe2O4) have spinel phase structure. The other phase which has been observed belongs to (α-Fe2O3). The structural parameters such as interplanar distance (d), lattice constant (a) and grain size (D) have been evaluated. X-Ray diffraction patterns showed that the crystal growth became stronger and more oriented and grain size became larger with increasing (Co) ratio.

Oxidation of nicotinamide by bromamine-T (BAT) have been studied in HCl medium catalyzed by Ru(III) at 303K. The reaction rate shows first order dependence on (oxidant), (Ru(III)), inverse fractional order on (H+) and fractional order on (nicotinamide). Addition of halide ions and the reduction product of BAT, p-toluenesulphonamide and dielectric constant of the medium do not have any significant effect on the reaction rate. The reaction was studied at different temperatures and activation parameters were evaluated.

Young people’s poor access to reproductive and sexual health services and information, increasing trend in violence and sexual abuse pose a tremendous challenge for addressing their healthy development. There are tremendous changes in young people’s behaviour when compared to old generations. STIs are a major public health concern and have long term implications for individual’s health. STIs are most frequent in young people aged 15-19years old.

This paper reports the results of an investigation into the ranking order of Working Capital Management (WCM) components of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) listed on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM), from the perspective of financial directors. The analyses are based on questionnaire distributed to 248 AIM listed SMEs. The paper employs the one-way ANOVA and post hoc test on responses from 72 managers of AIM listed SMEs. The results show differences in the importance of each component of WCM.

Wavelet transform is studied on the weighted Sobolev space Boundedness results in this Sobolev space is obtained. Wavelet tra nsform with compactly supported wavelet is studied. Asymptotic properties of the wavelet transform will also be discussed.

The inhibition effect of the synthesized organic inhibitor namely nicotinic acid hydrazide (NAH) and its benzylidine derivative (NABH) on the corrosion of mild steel in1M hydrochloric acid has been investigated using weight loss, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and Tafel polarization measurements. The inhibition efficiencies obtained from all methods employed are in good agreement with each other. The obtained results show that the compounds NAH and NABH are very good inhibitors with efficiency 90% and 94% respectively at 1.0 mM additive concentration in acid solution.

Glass samples belonging to the general chemical formula 60Bi2O3–(40-x)MnO2–xZnO with x=5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mol % are prepared by melt quench method. Characterization of the system was carried out using FT-IR, XRD, SEM and thermal analysis. The structural changes with composition of the glasses have been studied by FT-IR spectroscopy with special reference to structural units of bismuth. Analysis of FT-IR spectra indicate that ZnO is preferentially incorporated into the bismuthate network.

The present study deals with the estimation procedure of the parameter of inverted exponential distribution based hybrid censored data. For estimation purpose, we consider both, Classical and Bayesian method of estimation. In classical set up, the maximum likelihood estimate of the parameter with its standard error and confidence interval are computed. Further, by assuming Jeffrey’s invariant and gamma priors of the unknown parameter, Bayes estimate along with its posterior standard error and highest posterior density credible interval of the parameter are obtained.

Development of consistent and eco-friendly processes for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is an essential requisite nowadays. Herein we present the distinct properties of the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized using hot water Cyperus Rotundus Grass Extracts (CRGE) a reducing and capping agent.

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease. It is an unpredictable disorder which can occur to a person of any age, it is commonly found in children and it also occurs in animals besides human beings. The two proteins are found to be involved in Alopecia Areata i.e. PDB ID 1SG1 of Neurotrophins family and PDB ID 1DOK of MCP-1 protein.

This study examined the relationship between compatibility and new product adoption by the sales force. The specific objectives of the study were to examine the relationship between compatibility and product adoption by the sales person. The design of the research was cross sectional survey using the questionnaire to collect data. The target population was 250 sales managers and 550 salespersons, the sample comprised of 122 salespeople judgmentally sampled and 64 sales managers who were randomly sampled from manufacturing firms in Kenya.

Globalization appears to be a blessing for the societies a path to the innovative outline for growth and development. There have been swift and vivid economic, political, social and technological changes on a worldwide social transcending borders and accelerating people’s ability to communicate and to trade across continents, this inclusive revolution has been described as “globalization”. The contemporary study is an attempt to analyze the impingement of globalization on Islam, as the process of globalization has conveyed enormous gains in prosperity.

The changing climate has become worldwide concern. Climate is directly affected the crop production and its effects on poor farmer community in tribal’s. It is need to build up healthier crop to resist adverse climatic condition. It was prove that the organic practices get the crop healthier, high yield potential and sustainable production. This study helps those farmers’ lives in tribal area depend up on rainfed paddy crop and also guide farmers how to cultivate paddy with low cost inputs to withstands climate change.

In this study an attempts has been made to find out the relationship between organizational climate and job anxiety of primary school teachers. The sample consisted of 100 teachers selected randomly from various public and private primary schools. A set of tools containing organizational climate and job anxiety was used to gather information. The data were analyzed by t-test and person’s coefficient correlation. The results revealed that I. no significant difference was found in organizational climate between male and female teachers II.

In the present study an attempt has been made to study the awareness of human rights of B.Ed. student teachers. To achieve the objectives of the study, the investigator adopted normative survey method. Three hundred student teachers were taken as sample from puducherry region. The present study has employed the Human Rights Awareness Questionnaire which was developed by the investigator. The questionnaire has 40 items. Both the descriptive and differential analysis are carried out. The finding is that awareness of human rights of B.Ed. student teachers is found to be low level.

The revolution in the information and communication sector is making the world united. In today’s world information and communication technology (ICT) is a key parameter for economic development. Presently India is 121st position in ICT Development Rankings out of total 157 countries. Though the value of the index increased from 2.13 in 2011 to 2.21 in 2012 India’s overall ranking slashed down from 120 to 121 during this period. Hence India has to improve its status regarding ICT if it wants catch up its development goal.

The term joblessness growth refers to the situation in which there is growth but no jobs. When output measures in terms of GDP and that GDP rises but the growth of employment lags way behind. We say there is joblessness growth. This situation mainly arises in developing countries. When growth is coupled with high unemployment it means that the economy experienced with structural changes. In a jobless growth economy unemployment remains stubbornly high even as the economy grows.

Despite the commitment of world countries to achieving Education for All (EFA) by 2015, many of them, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, are not likely to meet this target by the agreed date. Will Kenya be among the nations likely to achieve this target?

Connivance is to chasing felons for goodness of society. Based on retributive policy, especially in reaction to crimes which are contrary to virtues of society, delinquency connivance has received remarkable attention especially in Islam. Like the holy verses in Quran in which you can explicitly find that probing into people’s privacy and their crime is prohibited. Connivance based on this policy is practical. The reason in which you can find permitting to apply delinquency connivance is nothing but hiding some crimes which are contradictory to the virtue of society.

This paper entitled “Eco feminism and Environmental Movement in India” deals with the participation of women in the environmental movements in India .These Grassroots environmental movements following Gandhian nonviolent tradition is expanding in India. These movements differ from the movement of western countries. It concerned with both environmental preservation and issues of economic equity and social justice.

The international financial institutions in India such as HSBC, Standard Charted Bank, ABN AMPRO bank, Axis bank and City Bank, are the real boons to the small scale companies and retailer branded companies. These banks top listed in establishing a very good image and earning substantial profits through timely organized, appropriate and flexible international strategies. In the present study a set of 10 dynamic variables are considered in order to assess the impact on Indian own brand retailers in 10 Telangana districts.

Ten hot brand reactive dyes have been prepared by coupling tetrazotised 4, 4’-diaminodiphenyl sulphonamide with 2-chloro-4-nitro anilino cyanurated coupling components and their dyeing performance on silk, wool, cotton fibres has been assessed. All the dyes give well to very good light fastness on each fibre. Purity of all the dyes was checked by Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC). The structures of all the dyes have been confirmed by Nitrogen Elemental Analysis, FTIR, 1H-NMR spectra and UV visible spectra.

When many people think of a water source, they think of lakes, rivers and streams; in other words, surface water. However, of all of the usable freshwater in the world, approximately 97 percent of it is groundwater. The problems of water quality have become more important than the quantity, as the environmental problems are getting more serious in different parts of the world. A number of factors like geology, soil, effluents, sewage disposal and other environmental conditions in which the water happens to stay or move and interact with ground and biological characteristics.

Ramipril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and Metoprolol a β-adrenergic blocker used as antihypertensive. In this study we aimed to titrate the concurrent use of two most conventionally used antihypertensives. Objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of regular intake of Ramipril and Metoprolol by patients with mild to moderate grade of hypertension, to adjust the dose and to educate the patients by providing patient counseling.

The present study aims to analyse the physico-chemical properties of the Dal Lake Srinagar, India. Various physico-chemical and biological parameters were analysed, from January 2009 to December 2009, at eight different study sites on monthly basis by the standard methods.

The use of biological test system for monitoring pollution is gaining importance worldwide by employing toxicity test model with use of a “key species” of fish. The fresh water fish Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton) was exposed to the heavy metal Chromium for 24, 48, 72, and 96 hrs, and the consequential LC50 values were calculated using Finney’s probit analysis.

This study was designed to appraise the challenges of agrobiodiversity degradation in Niger Delta region of Nigeria. One research question and one hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. A total of 552 respondents comprising rural farmers, and forestry officers were involved in the study. Respondents were drawn from all Niger Delta States in Nigeria. These included, Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Edo, Imo, and Rivers States. The data were obtained through a structured questionnaire and analyzed with the use of percentage and chi-square as statistical tools.

Cold active enzymes are produced by microorganisms existing permanently in cold habitats located in polar zones at high altitudes or deep sea. Among cold active enzymes cold active proteases constitute an important group of enzymes which have high catalytic efficiencies at lower temperatures and have important applications in industries like detergents, food, pharmaceutical, silk, leather and environmental bioremediation.

The study reveals that the adoption of concentrate feeding practice is 100% in members and 32.5% in non- members. This was most probably due to supply of concentrate cattle feed to the members of Dairy cooperatives by Sri Visakha dairy at subsidized rates. In case non-members low adoption is due to non availability of concentrate feed and due to its high cost of concentrate feed. Since paddy being main crop grown in the area of study, 100% of milk producers are adopting straw feeding practices to their animals.

The worldwide emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a man-made global problem causing a major threat to tuberculosis (TB) control. MDR-TB is now encountered in India with increasing frequency, with reports from many parts of the country. This study was designed to evaluate the incidence of MDR-TB in Government Hospital for Chest and Communicable Diseases, Visakhapatnam, A.P, India, from July2012 –Dec 2012. This study included 33 inpatients of the hospital. All patients were resistant to at least Rifampicin and Isoniazid (INH).

Proteases able to function in a broad range of alkaline pH, temperature, salts, solvents and detergents are the most preferred from an industrial point of view. An extracellular alkaline protease with thermos table properties was isolated from a marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas piscicida strain JCR 18 obtained from seawater, off the coast of Marina, Chennai. The enzyme was isolated and partially purified using gel chromatography and SDS-PAGE and was seen to be a monomer having a molecular weight of 30kDa.

Writing reviews of some aspect of the measurement of arsenic in water as described in the literature is a popular activity. The field is too large to be encompassed by any one review article, and so the authors of each recent review have defined a present situation of arsenic in ground water around the world; however, there is significant overlap, as several writers have chosen the topic. In the paper that we are the focus will be on a current techniques use for detection of arsenic in ground water.

The aim of this study is to establish a detailed diagnosis of the state of fodder resources in four important pastoral zones of Burkina Faso and to contribute to the development of pastoral programs. Agrostological investigations including phytomasse evaluation and herbaceous layer inventory were conducted in four pastoral zones along the tree agro climatic zones of Burkina Faso. Semi structured interviews were also conducted with key pastoralist around each pastoral zone. The results of the study show a great species diversity of pastoral zones from the Sudanian to the Sahelian zone.

In the present study,Bacillus cereus previously isolated from local 7daysfridge – kept green pepper and lettuce showed the ability to produce thehighest visible growth, in corn millet broth, after 24hrs incubation at 37 ºC. Thereafter, the growth decreased gradually by increasing the incubation period up to 120 hrs. However, the reverse occurred with the amount of secreted lecithinase enzyme (toxin) where secretion started after 24hrs incubation and then significantly increased gradually to reach the highest amount after 96 hrs incubation.

Lead is the one of the most ubiquitous biochemical parameters heavy metals and has been detected in virtually all areas of the environments [air, water, and soil] and in biological systems. Lead in the environment occurs both naturally and as a consequence of human activities. The experiments investigated the effect of lead acetate on some blood serum factors in rats. Twenty rates divided to two equal groups of 10 rats, the control and treated group, the control and treated group.

Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare breed of tumour found in adolescent males and there is a paucity of Indian studies on this subject. This is a retrospective observational study of JNA patients who presented at the V.S.S. Medical College and Hospital, Burla, Odisha between October 2009 and September 2012. Total 3953 cases of mass in head and neck region were presented at our department during that period. Out of those there were 17 cases of JNA. The incidences, age and sex distribution, symptoms and management approaches were recorded.

The study was aimed to detect the prevalence of Toxoplasma specific antibodies in young women at their reproductive age. This will help to identify and screen the risk groups, thereby reducing the chances of vertical transmission and to prevent congenital deformities. A total of 198 serum samples were collected from young women attending the gynaecology clinics. Blood samples collected were tested for Anti- Toxoplasma specific IgG and IgM antibodies using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).

Chordoma is a rare, low grade, primary malignant bone tumour arising from primitive notochord remnants. It accounts for 1-4% of all primary skeletal tumours. Sacrum represents the more common anatomical site of origin followed by skull base region, cervical vertebrae and thoracolumbar vertebrae. Ours is a case series of three patients diagnosed to be suffering from different types of chordoma’s, that is conventional, chondroid and de-differentiated based on histopathology, immuno-histochemistry and radiological findings.

TB and HIV have been closely linked since the emergence of AIDS. This review paper aims to explore the double burden of TB-HIV worldwide, social impact of the epidemic, strategies being followed to control the epidemic and the challenges associated with TB-HIV control activities. An estimated one-third of the 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVs) worldwide are co-infected with TB. PLHIVs are also evaluated to be 15 times more likely to develop TB than HIV negative people.

This paper (1) reviews evidence for the location of the slow component of VO2 kinetics either within the exercising limbs or alternatively at some site in the rest of the body, e.g., ventilatory, cardiac or accessory muscles (2) presents evidence in support of both the fast and slow components (i.e., < 3 min. and > 3 min. from exercise onset, respectively) of the exercise VO2 response residing predominantly in the exercising muscle. For a pulmonary VO2 slow component in excess of 600 ml O2 min-1, more than 80% could be attributed to an augmented VO2 across the exercising limbs.

We report the morphological findings of a case of horse shoe kidney and analyze the size and position, renal hilum, vascular and calycealsystems of the kidney. The horse shoe kidney of our case fuses lower pole below inferior mesenteric artery with parenchymal tissue. Larger area of left hilum than right both face anteriorly. They consist of extra renal calyxes. The kidney was supplied by six arteries and drained by three veins. We discussed morphologic and embryonic importance of the anomaly.

Response Quality of Work Life (QWL) is viewed as a choice to the control approach of managing people. The QWL approach considers people as an 'asset' to the organization rather than as 'costs'. It believes that people perform better when they are allowed to participate in managing their work and make decisions. To satisfy the new generation workforce, organizations need to concentrate on job designs and organization of work. Further, today's workforce is realizing the significance of relationships and is trying to strike a balance between career and personal lives.

Amenorrhea is the absence or abnormal cessation of the menses. Secondary amenorrhea is defined as the absence of menses for a length of time equivalent to a total of at least 3 of previous cycle intervals or 6 months of amenorrhea. Recent advances in reproductive endocrinology has incriminated the anterior pitutory polypeptide hormone prolactin (PRL), in pathogenesis of anovulation in amenorrhea galactorrhea syndrome. The study was undertaken to estimate the serum prolactin level by ELISA technique to evaluate prolactin status in patients with secondary amenorrhea.

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Panton Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) and mecA genes in Staphylococcus aureus in Cotonou and potential association between the presence of PVL gene and antibiotic resistance. Isolates of S. aureus consecutively recovered from various clinical samples in four laboratories in Cotonou were subjected to PCR of nuc gene (for identification of S. aureus), drug susceptibility testing to various antibiotics (by Kirby - Bauer method) and PCR for PVL and mecA genes. In total, 115 non-duplicate isolates of S. aureus were studied.

Nosocomial infections are applied to infections developing in hospitalized patients, not present or without incubation at the time of their admission. The present study was undertaken to determine most predominant bacterial isolates in nosocomial infections of ICU, their antibiotic sensitivity pattern and to identify the specific age group of people at a higher risk of acquiring nosocomial infections in ICU. 100 samples were studied over a period of 3 months in a tertiary care hospital.

Keratinase producing bacteria were isolated from poultry farm soil and feathers from places located in and around Coimbatore, India. The isolated bacteria were screened for keratinase production using Feather Meal medium. The positive strains were then characterized and identified as Bacillus sp. Optimum conditions for the growth of the bacterium and production of keratinase enzyme has been identified as follows: pH 7.5, temperature 37°C, substrate concentration 1 %, inoculum concentration 4 % and incubation period 24 hours respectively.

Depuis quelques années, la restauration rapide et collective a pris de l’ampleur au sein de la société marocaine, de plus en plus de gens actifs optent pour les fast-foods qui foisonnent les grandes agglomérations d’une part et des entreprises qui installent la restauration collective d’autre part. Ce mode d’alimentation expose probablement le consommateur à des risques d’intoxication alimentaire.

Oral cancers are one of the most common cancers worldwide today. They are usually neglected by the common population when compared to systemic cancers such as the lung cancer, colon cancer, Betel quid chewers, alcoholism, and tobacco etc. These are the most common malignancies in South and Southeast Asian countries.

The efficacy of two botanicals viz., neem oil and castor oil, one fungicide I.e., carbendazim and three bioagents were tested in vitro and in vivo against Alternaria carthami inciting leaf spot safflower leaf spot/blight. In vitro efficacy of botanicals and fungicide was evaluated by poison food technique against Alternaria carthami. In vitro efficacy of bioagents was evaluated by dual culture technique against Alternaria carthami.

The intestinal liquid of A. emini was extracted using the vacuum aspiration technique, followed by measurement of ion concentrations and concomitantly recorded species abundance. Nitrate (NO3-) concentration decreased from the foregut to the hindgut. Nitrites (NO2-), ammoniums (NH4+) and orthophosphates (PO43-) reached their greatest levels in the midgut. Furthermore, correlation analyses between ion contents and ciliate abundance in different compartments were performed.

Fungi play an important role in the degradation of dead leaves and other plant detritus in aquatic environments. Aquatic fungi secrete enzymes that degrade polysaccharides and other polymers. Fungi are also efficient in the biodegradation of recalcitrant compounds like xenobiotics, lignin and dye stuffs by their extra cellular ligninolytic enzyme system. Hence, the present study was aimed at using aquatic fungi in the bioremediation of waste water.

This study was designed in such a way to assess the toxicity effect of 2,4- D (Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) pesticide in fish physiology and its antioxidant stress. Channa striatus fish were administered with two different doses compensation of 2,4-D pesticide of 100 and 200 mg/kg. After a matter of time interval the effect of 2,4-D on fish behavior and its toxic level was determined by assessing its blood parameter and antioxidant enzyme level.

In the present study, sero-prevalence of anaplasma sp. in sheep, Ovisaries (L) was done from January-May, 2012 in Peshawar, Pakistan. The information concerning anaplasmosis in sheep is scare. For this purpose, 376 serum samples were obtained randomly from4 different breeds of sheep, from different areas of Peshawar, and an indirect ELISA using recombinant MSP-5 as antigen of Anaplasmamarginale (T), was performed. Totally, 92/376 (24.47%) of the overall sheep sera were positive for antibodies against A. marginale. In 4 breeds of sheep, (i.e.

The use of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimator for estimation of parameters of linear regression model in the presence of multicollinearity has been reported to produce imprecise estimates associated with large standard errors. This paper presents some combined estimators based on Feasible Generalized Linear Estimator (CORC and ML) and Principal Components (PCs) Estimator as alternative to multicollinearity estimation methods.

The use of Ordinary Least Square (OLS) estimator for estimation of parameters of linear regression model in the presence of multicollinearity has been reported to produce imprecise estimates associated with large standard errors. This paper presents some combined estimators based on Feasible Generalized Linear Estimator (CORC and ML) and Principal Components (PCs) Estimator as alternative to multicollinearity estimation methods.

Porous Silicon (PS) layers were prepared by electrochemical etching in a single-tank cell on the surface of single-crystalline p-type (100) silicon wafers, using hydrofluoric acid (HF) and ethanol (C2H5OH) in the volume ratio of 1:2. The surface and cross-section morphologies of the PS were observed from images obtained using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Likewise, the porosity of the PS sample was determined using the parameters obtained from SEM images by geometrical method. SEM images indicated that, the pores were surrounded by a thick columnar network of silicon walls.

Cadmium selenide (cdse) thin films on glass substrates were prepared by electron beam evaporation technique at various substrate temperatures and annealed at room temperature (RT), 100, 200 and 300 o C respectively.XRD spectra indicates that films are polycrystalline with the hexagonal structure. When the heat treatment temperature is increased to 100° C, the films became highly oriented along (002) plane. The microstructure parameters like particle size, stress, strain, and dislocation density were calculated. The grain size is within the range of 24 to 44 nm.

The traditional method for identification of bacterial species depends upon different biochemical testing and colonial morphology study. Biochemical tests are simple to execute, require minimal equipment, and generally accurately differentiate between the more common species. However, they are time-consuming and results delay in final identification due to long incubation time period. Several genes common to all bacteria have been studied in sequence-based identification.

Recently, the role of plant growth promoting rhizobacterial (PGPR) on plant growth promotion and maintenance of plant homeostasis under abiotic stress is gaining importance. In present study, plant growth promoting rhizobacterial (PGPR) strains Pseudomonas fluorescence strain P2 and P16, Pseudomonas jessenii R62, Pseudomonas synxantha R81, Bacillus cereus 5507(1B), Bacillus cereus BSB 38 (14B) were tested for their role in enhancing plant growth and induction of stress related enzymes in swarna and swarna sub1 varieties of rice (Oryza sativa L.).

The bioaccumulation pattern of arsenic (As) in whole body and different tissues of gill, liver, and gonads of both male and female of healthy Danio rerio when exposed to a sub lethal concentration of As-water, containing one-eighth 96 hr LC50level (1.11 mg/L As2O3.) for long term experimentation has been analyzed. The As shows a maximum deposition (p<0.05) in the gill (0.91 and 0.98 µ g / g dry wt.) followed by liver (0.63 and 0.69 µ g / g dry wt.) and gonad (0.21 and 0.27 µ g / g dry wt.) of both male and female fish respectively,at the end of 60 days of exposure.

Fatal and non-fatal Coronary Artery Diseases (CAD) are increased 2-4 fold in patients with diabetes and autopsy as compared to non-diabetic patients with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Immediate and long-term post- Myocardial Infarction (MI) mortality is increased 1.5-2 fold among diabetic patients. Despite a comparably small infarct size, diabetic patients have a far greater risk of developing highly fatal post-MI complications when compared to non diabetic patients.

An attempt has been made in this paper to examine the costs of mechanization vis-à-vis marketed surplus and value of output for the different crops grown in the study region. It has been observed that small size and scattered holdings of the farmers stand in the way of mechanization and farm machinery generally remains underutilized. Majority of small cultivators are poor and cannot purchase the costly machinery like tractors, combine harvesters etc. Still animal power is used extensively on different farm operations, besides manual, electrical and tractor power in West Bengal.

The lesser adjutant stork (Leptoptilos javanicus) ranges throughout the South East Asian region. It has been evaluated by IUCN as of “globally vulnerable species”. This species has been reported in a few states of India including a few districts of West Bengal. This paper deals with reporting a new site record of the species from Bankura District, West Bengal, India. The study was conducted during August 2012 to November 2013.

Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome represents a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that recently has become a public health problem. It has been proposed that disturbances in phosphate metabolism may contribute to the development of this constellation of cardiovascular risk factors. Lower serum albumin was regarded as an indicator of malnutrition, inflammation, and liver disease, and has been reported to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Objective of the paper is to report genetic diversity study using digital dermatoglyphics traits as genetic markers among Cheha Gurage of Ethiopia and compare the results with available data from world population studies. Digital fingerprints of 322 healthy unrelated subjects (168 Male and 154 Female) with age of 30 and above were included in the present cross-sectional study. Data drawn from 10 villages of the district was pooled into 5 cluster groups, each cluster containing 2 villages.

The Hepatitis B core antibody screened in various blood banks in India to attractive the safety of blood transfusion. However, In India, HBcAb is not a mandatory test as per Drug and Cosmetic Act, 1940. Now a day, HBcAbIgM and IgG testing have been adopted for routine screening but it leads to increased cost of transfused blood. Therefore, this study was carried out to look into the possibility of obviating the need of screening of HBcAb testing is necessary or not, so as to optimize the resource utilization and reduce the cost without compromising the blood safety.

Response surface methodology involving Central Composite Design (CCD) was applied to evaluate the effect of additives and growth stimulators with salt on natural lactic acid fermentation of carrot at room temperature. The variables investigated in this study were salt (2% - 3%), Lactose, MgSO4 + MnSO4 and Mustard (1%,1.5% and 2%) ; and various responses involved were per cent titrable acidity (Lactic Acid), pH, per cent salt and Lactic Acid Bacterial count (LAB count).

The intestinal liquid of A. emini was extracted using the vacuum aspiration technique, followed by measurement of ion concentrations and concomitantly recorded species abundance. Nitrate (NO3-) concentration decreased from the foregut to the hindgut. Nitrites (NO2-), ammoniums (NH4+) and orthophosphates (PO43-) reached their greatest levels in the midgut. Furthermore, correlation analyses between ion contents and ciliate abundance in different compartments were performed.

Fungi play an important role in the degradation of dead leaves and other plant detritus in aquatic environments. Aquatic fungi secrete enzymes that degrade polysaccharides and other polymers. Fungi are also efficient in the biodegradation of recalcitrant compounds like xenobiotics, lignin and dye stuffs by their extra cellular ligninolytic enzyme system. Hence, the present study was aimed at using aquatic fungi in the bioremediation of waste water.

The objective of this paper is to present the results of comparative study of integral parameters for TRX and BAPL benchmark lattices of thermal reactors. The nuclear data processing code NJOY’99 was deployed for the generation of the 172-group cross-section library from the basic evaluated nuclear data files ENDFB-VII and JEF-3.1. TRX and BAPL benchmark lattices were modeled with optimized inputs, which were suggested in the final report of the WIMS Library Update Project .The inputs were the results of a detailed parametric study of the WIMS input options and also optimized for accuracy.

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