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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

September 2018

Introduction: For the VHWs to provide meaningful education to the community, they must have adequate information and knowledge about how to help in the improved health outcomes of HIV/AIDS. Research has shown that when VHWs have adequate knowledge of HIV/ AIDS, knowledge will translate to the communities they serve. The main goal of this study is to improve HJV /AIDS treatment outcomes through community health care services in Lesotho. This was achieved by assessing knowledge of HIV amongst the VHWs and the communities they serve in Lesotho.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy, stability and rigidity of three-dimensional (3D) titanium plate with locking screws and standard titanium miniplates for mandibular anterior fractures treatment using bite force measurements. Patients and Methods: A prospective randomized controlled clinical study for the treatment of mandibular fractures was conducted as a multicentre study at Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Science, Puducherry, India, in the time period of 2012–2014. Twenty patients were randomly divided into two equal groups.

Mammary sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms that arise from the mammary stroma (Farrokh et al., 2006). Angiosarcomas, one of the most common forms of mammary sarcoma, are developed from the endothelial lining of the blood vessels. Angiosarcoma of the breast is an exceedingly rare disease that may occur as a primary neoplasm or as a complication of radiation therapy after breast conservation. Only about 20% of angiosarcomas are primary sarcomas. The incidence of primary breast angiosarcoma is about 17 new cases per million women.

Imatinib mesylate is the first line tyrosine kinase inhibitor and the main chemotherapeutic agents currently used to treat patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Although various cutaneous reactions to this drug are well known, but only few case reports are there documenting sweet syndrome (Ayirookuzhi et al., 2005).

The main objective of this study was to assess family separation and its effect on children’s social wellbeing at kebele 02 and kebele 03, in Bedelle administrative town. 25 parents and 25 children were selected as a sample for this study through Purposive and snowball sampling technique. The negative impacts of family separation on children social wellbeing were investigated from both separated parents and children’s of those separated parents through questionnaire and observation checklist.

Oligodontia is a congenital tooth agenesis with the absence of six or more permanent teeth. This clinical report describes a patient with non-syndromic partial oligodontia, with retained deciduous teeth and the absence of 19 permanent teeth. The absence of permanent teeth in young patients may cause aesthetic, functional and psychological problems. Considering the level of complexity in the management of oligodontia patients, treatment should start with proper diagnosis to prevent future functional and esthetic problems.

Aim: This study was aimed to assess the mothers’ oral health care knowledge and its impact on oral health status of their children. Methodology: 100 mothers along with their children in the age group of 3-5 years were included in the study. 17 point questionnaire was distributed to mothers to assess their knowledge regarding oral health care practices of their children. Oral examination of children was done and dmft score was recorded. Mothers were divided into two groups: group 1 whose children had dmft score <3 and group 2 whose children had dmft score >=3.

Background: ABO, Rhesus blood groups and Haemoglobin genotype are inherited characters. These may vary from one population to another. Aim: This study is to update information on the distribution of ABO, Rh blood group and haemoglobin genotype in Enugu North and Enugu South local Government Area, Enugu State. Methods: Eight hundred participants from each of the zones in the two local government areas were selected randomly.

Antibiotics are frequently used in clinical practice. The antibiotic-resistant bacteria due to unthoughtful and indiscriminate use of antibiotic is a major issue which is affecting healthcare delivery throughout the world. Available literature highlights the necessity of rationalization of antimicrobial therapy in developing countries. Study tool: A cross sectional questionnaire based study was conducted after the approval from Institutional ethics committee over the time of one month at Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital (AVBRH) Sawangi (Meghe) Wardha.

Aim: Of the study was to conducta comparative analysis of inflammatory markers in patients with coronary heart disease of stable and unstable flow. Methods: 78 patients aged 36 to 75 years were enrolled in this study (mean age 58.2±12.6 years). Laboratory and instrumental data were obtained and assessed. IL-6, TNF-α in blood plasma was carried out by the method of enzyme immunoassay on a solid-phase analyzer «Humareader Single».

Uterus Didelphys is known to be one of the rare Mulerrian Duct anomaly where in its development the uterus fails to unite so that the uterus separates into 2 parts: right and left which also have cervix in each part. Pregnancy with uterus didelphys may occur without infertility therapy and able to maintain its pregnancy to term. We report a rare case of Mullerian Duct Anomaly known as uterus Didelphys with spontaneous conception and aterm pregnancy on left horn.

Digital Pathology extends the limits of microscopy, enabling students, educators, researchers and clinicians to share tissue samples. Images sent or shared over the Internet or through specific analysis software open the path to a new and exciting microscopy tool. Software applications make it possible to see and share images beyond microscopes such as studying images on computer monitors, laptops, iPads and other portable devices. In some circumstances, multiple researchers are able to observe and discuss the same sample in real time over the Internet.

Background: Magnesium (Mg) deficiency is a common problem in diabetic patients. Hypomagnesemia increase the incidence of diabetes mellitus and occurrence of diabetic complications1 Diabetic peripheral neuropathy affects 50% of all diabetic patients. Patients with peripheral neuropathy are considered at risk of insensate foot ulcerations. At least half of foot ulcers, the end stage of such neuropathy should be preventable by early diagnosis and effective management.

Obesity is a major health problem worldwide. The change in nutritional behaviour is the cheif cause of obesity. The asprosin is a newly discovered hormone which is induced by fasting and stimulates glucose production from the liver. Any decrease or increase in the circulating asprosin concentration results in a consistent alteration of appetite and adiposity. Objective: The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the role of asprosin in inducing obesity and causing metabolic disturbance in terms of measuring the BMI and other biochemical parameters.

Background: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Non Contrast Computed Tomography (NCCT) has become the diagnostic tool of choice for head trauma due to its high sensitivity, rapidity, accuracy, reliability and wide availability. Objective: To establish the role of NCCT in assessing the pattern of head injuries in RTA victims in a small cohort of armed forces personnel and their dependents.

Introduction: Birth asphyxia is one of the common causes of early neonatal mortality. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) leads to severe neurological deficits in neonates which can result in early neonatal deaths. MRI brain is the modality of the choice to look for various patterns of hypoxic ischemic injury. Materials and methods: Hospital based prospective study was done on 30 term and preterm infants/children with history of birth asphyxia and other neonatal, maternal and placental causative factors to look for MRI patterns of HIE.

Background: Alcohol consumption and heavy episodic drinking tends to be higher during young adulthood than at any other period across the lifespan. This may be the effect of developmental factors before adolescence which include external factors like family, house hold structure, impact of relatives, peers, childhood, significant events with siblings, society etc., and internal factors like personality, coping skills, attitude to school, workforce aspiration, misbehavior, interaction and involvement etc.

Objective: To correlate craniofacial measurements from standardized facial photographs with analogous measurements from lateral cephalograms. Design: A prospective cross sectional study. Setting: A postgraduate department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics based in India. Participants: patients with no previous orthodontic or surgical treatment, no history of craniofacial trauma lateral, all six maxillary anterior teeth present, no history of craniofacial trauma and cephalograms required as a part of routine treatment records were included.

The prevalence of PMS (prevalence of pre-menstrual syndrome) is high all over the world and its most common disorder among the women’s. It has high impact on women’s health, emotions and behaviours during certain days of menstrual cycle. Aim: To determine the prevalence of PMS and also to determine the effect of jaggery tea to combat the symptoms of PMS. Material and methods: A cross sectional study design was used to determine the prevalence of PMS.The sampling frame is comprised individual aged 18-28 years and purposive sampling method was used.

A 30 year old male presented with a history of gradual onset diminution of vision on right eye along with a painless swelling over right forehead with right nasal obstruction and discharge for 4 months. Contrast CT of paranasal sinuses was done and endoscopic sinus surgery was performed. Post operative biopsy showed granulomatous inflammation with hyaline septate hyphae suggestive of Aspergillus. After 1gm of Amphotericin B, patient was discharged on oral voriconazole of which he wasn’t compliant.

This was a descriptive cross-sectional facility based study, conducted in Northern state; the assessment was conducted during 2010. Total coverage of all working EPI fixed sites in the state in addition to all Localities vaccine store and state vaccine store were included. The data was collected for six months from official records, reports, and plans concerning the vaccine management, plus interviewing the main Health workers in these units.

Labour pain is the result of many complex interactions, physiological and psychological, excitatory as well as inhibitory. Women experience a wide range of pain in labour and exhibit an equally wide range of responses to it. The woman is educated to take an active role in decision-making and using self-comforting techniques and non-pharmacologic methods to relieve pain and enhance labour progress. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of back massage on labour pain among Primigravida mothers in Govt. Maternity Hospital Anantnag, Kashmir.

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) occurs in 2-8% of all pregnancies and mostly happens in the first pregnancy. The risk of developing PE in a third pregnancy (multipara) without a previous PE / E history is very small, especially if it occurs at under 34 weeks of gestation. Objective: To report a case of eclampsia in a multipara without prior history of preeclampsia / eclampsia. Methods: Case report. Results: A 32-year-old woman G3P2A0 with 32-33 weeks' gestation, came to the Tangerang Bethsaida Hospital emergency room with a history of seizure at home.

Background: Despite being one of the most common pathologies encountered by a neurosurgeon, management of chronic subdural haematoma (cSDH) continues to be tricky, often requiring multiple interventions with varied complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare small craniotomy with burr-hole craniostomy as a treatment modality in evacuation of cSDH at a tertiary care Hospital.

Background: Globally, it is accepted that Diabetes is one of the most threatening public health issue which has become pandemic. There is rise in the prevalence of Diabetes in all parts of the World, India being one the country to have high prevalence to suffer from Diabetes next to China. Numerous factors cause diabetes, however, environmental being the most important risk factor to cause diabetes. Many studies have shown that human gene also play its important role in causing diabetes, 50 percent of diabetes patient have their family or parents suffering from diabetes.

Objectives: To study the prevalence of respiratory tract infections in children under five years. Background: Respiratory tract infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age. These are mostly self-limiting and risk of complications is small. Risk factors for severe complications include malnutrition, low birth weight, passive smoking, non-breast feeding, low socioeconomic condition, and HIV infections. and consequently, most of the morbidity associated with such infections are found in developing countries.

Profilin is an actin-binding protein and engages in the dynamic turnover and restructuring of the actin cytoskeleton. The present study investigated the role of profilin in α7 ACh receptor trafficking. The selective PKCε activator DCP-LA increased cell surface localization of α7 ACh receptor in differentiated PC-12 cells, which was inhibited by knocking down PKCε. The effect of DCP-LA was also cancelled by knocking down profilin.

Sialolithiasis is the most common disease of the salivary glands. Sialolithiasis accounts for 30% of salivary diseases. Sialolithiasis most commonly involves the submandibular glands (83-94%) and less frequently the parotid (4-10%) and the sublingual glands (1-7%). Intraductal sialoliths are more common when compared to intraglandular sialoliths. According to the available literature, salivary calculi affecting the parotid gland are usually unilateral and are located in the duct. Their size is smaller than submandibular sialoliths, most of them being less than 1 cm.

Leisure is the primary lifestyle and center of life for older people. Developing interests and hobbies is particularly crucial for elderly adults. Therefore, this study established a model of wisdom transformation through exploring the process and effectiveness of how elderly adults’ leisure experiences enhance their perspectives of wisdom. Initially, a questionnaire survey was administered to preliminarily investigate elderly adults’ views of wisdom.

Introduction: This study was carried out at a tertiary care services hospital in central India. The main aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical profile, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up in 26 pediatric neurocysticercosis patients over a duration of five years (from Jul 2011 To Jul 2016). Materials and Methods: Detailed history, Clinical features, Computed tomography (CT) and or Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan were the basis of diagnosis of neurocysticercosis along with exclusion of other causes.

Cancer is the second most serious health problem and the second leading cause of death in human. The cancer patient undergoing treatment experiences Physical and Psychological problem. The physical problems, like hair loss, nausea and vomiting and initial diagnostic phase can be very stressful. The cancer patient undergoing treatment experiences a psychological distress including anger, anxiety, sadness, fear, stress, feeling out of control, feelings of depression, impairment of concentration, sleep disorders, mental and cognitive reservation and psychiatric disorders.

Odonates were sampled from 3 sites i.e; 1. Jawai Dam, 2. Near Bijapur and 3. Jawai river near Aravalli. Southern Marwar region of Rajasthan reported 14 species belonging to Drangonfies (Family: Libellulidae) and 5 species Damselflies and 3 species are recorded for the first time Orthetrum cancellatum, Trithemis annulata, Rhodischnura nursei.

Objectives: To assess the results of implementing maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR) in Sudan, during 2014 -2017; and identify causes of maternal death (MD) and health system response for reducing maternal mortality (MM). Methodology: Hospital and community maternal death review (MDR) started in Sudan since 2009, where causes of maternal deaths MDs and areas of delays were identified after regular reporting and reviewing through focal persons’ networks; using a coordinated approach involving both notional and states’ stakeholders.

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) was set up in July, 1982 following after the recommendations of the "Committee to Review Arrangements for Institutional Credit for Agriculture and Rural Development". All major issues related to rural credit until then dealt with by the RBI and the Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation moved under the control of NABARD. NABARD thus emerged as the apex institution to play a pivotal role in the sphere of policy planning and providing refinance facilities to rural financial institutions.

Liver acts as a cornerstone in most biotransformation process. CCl4 is one of the most common chemicals producing liver injury. Liquorice is a medicinal plant widely consumed in Egypt as a juice. In our study we aimed to estimate the hepatoprotective effect of liquorice crude extract against CCL4-induced hepatitis in rats and to clarify its underlying molecular mechanism through its effect on inflammatory biomarkers and antioxidant system.

Gelatin is one type of protein derived from natural collagen found within the skin, bones, and connective tissue of animals. This study, used eel (Anguilla marmorata (Q) Gaimard) fish skin as the material for gelatin which was extracted using acetic acid solution of 3%, 6% and 9% for 48 hours. This study aims at determining the concentration of acetic acid towards the yield value and the quality (organoleptic, water content, ash content, and arsenic content) in accordance with Indonesian National Standards.

Background: In developing countries where the economic situation is less sustained, constructed wetlands might be suitable in the management of wastewater before the discharge into natural environments because of their possible generation of revenues that could support maintenance costs. However, organic matter (OM) removal in constructed wetlands using different species of plants often varies, and the contribution to organic matter removal by various pathways remains unclear.

In Côte d'Ivoire, the papaya crop is threatened by fungal pathogens. The etiology, the incidence and the distribution of these fungal diseases have not yet been elucidated. The objective of this study is to generate scientific data to sustainably control fungal diseases of papaya in Côte d'Ivoire. To this end, an inventory of fungal diseases of papaya and responsible agents has been carried out in several production areas in Côte d'Ivoire. Pathogenicity tests have verified the involvement of the agents responsible for the manifestation of the observed symptoms.

Background: Migraine is a common neurological disorder associated with a significant disease burden. It is characterized by unilateral/bilateral severe pulsating headache. Insufficient data are available regarding the utilization pattern of available drugs for the prevention and management of migraine. Migraines can be severe enough to limit sufferers’ causing significant lost productivity and decrements in health-related quality of life. Objectives: To study drug utilization pattern in patient of migraine in the outpatient department of neurology at a tertiary care teaching hospital.

The present study aimed at the formulation of oyster mushroom pickled product, as influenced by its qualities and physico-chemical properties. There were three formulated techniques prepared with three replications for each treatment. The formulations were T-1 (sour), T-2 (sweet) and T-3 (sweet and sour). The products have been evaluated of the effects of sugar concentration to its color, odor, texture, and taste. The salient findings of the study were: T-2 (sweet) contained the highest crude protein value of 2.30% and less acidic treatment with pH value of 4.01.

This study aims to compare physico-chemical parameters of the water quality between hot springs and borehole waters. Twenty samples were collected from two regions Singida and Dodoma of Tanzania. Multimeter used for the analysis of physical parameters pH, EC, TDS, salinity and turbidimeter used to analyseturbidity. Titrimetric methods were used for chemical parametersCl^-, total hardness, Ca2+ and Mg2+. UV-Visible spectrophotometric methods used for the analysis of NO_3^-,〖 SO〗_4^(2-),F^-, Fe2+and Mn2+ and Flame Atomic Absorption methods for Cd2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Cu2+ and K+.

Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is one of the popular pulse crops grown for traditional consumption, not only in Oman but also in Arabian Peninsula and other countries. In Oman, the farmers living in and around high altitude mountain areas mostly grow it. This paper highlights features of variation in seed color and diversity in seed traits found in collected accessions from the joint collecting missions between 2008 and 2011 involving the staff of College of Agriculture, Sultan Qaboos University and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries from all the governorates of the Sultanate of Oman.

Introduction: Neonatal cholesstasis is a silent emergency (National Biliary Atresia Registry, 1976). In a tertiary care hospital we can diagnose many cases but outcome depends on post natal age, if post natal age crosses 8 weeks of age prognosis is guarded. Very few studies captured clinical profile and outcome which can alert a practicing pediatrician about the nature of severity and long term follow up (Ohkohchi 1989). Aims and objectives: Outline the etiology and clinical profile of different cases of Conjugated neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and their outcome over 1year follow up.

Introduction: Inrecent years, Candida sp. has appeared as an emerging nosocomial pathogen causing Urinary Tract Infections. Candiduria is difficult to diagnose clinically as most often the patient is asymptomatic. Patients with candiduria often develop candidemia. Standard urine culture is less sensitive. Resistance to antifungal drugs have been more commonly encountered in Candida species isolated from urine. Aim: Hence, the present study was undertaken to detect the incidence of different Candida species isolated from urine and to study their antifungal drug susceptibility profile.

Background: Screening of antibacterial compounds from natural sources for social benefit is emphasized in recent years with the view that pathogens have developed resistance against antibiotics. Objectives: The present investigation has been carried out to screen sub-aerial cyanobacteria thriving in an extreme environment as they are supposed to be a potential source of natural bioactive compounds.

Turkey, which is located in the Mediterranean basin, is one of the countries that are the most sensitive to climate change. Due to its geographical location, it is also under the influence of dusts transported from Africa and the Middle East. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) considers dust as a very significant component of atmospheric aerosols which are major climate variables. Therefore, it is important to consider the effects of mineral dusts in climate change studies in Turkey since it is located in the Mediterranean basin.

Ascochyta blight caused by (teleomorph: Didymella rabiei (Kov.) is one of the most important seed borne pathogen of chickpea. The study was carried to determine the extent of seed borne infection. Agar plate techniques as ISTA standard method were applied. A total of one hundreds chickpea seed samples were collected from Debre Zeit, Gondar Agricultural Research Center, Farmers’ seed and open market/union in 2015. Purposive sampling was used in areas affected by ascochyta blight. Hundred seeds were randomly taken from each sample.

The World Health Organization has established advocacy, communication and social mobilization working group to help control tuberculosis at the country level. This study aims at investigating the effect of advocacy, communication, and social mobilization on tuberculosis case detection rate and mean tuberculosis suspected cases in Al Griba Rural Locality, Kassala State, Sudan. It also aims at assessing the knowledge of tuberculosis suspected cases in tuberculosis management units, and to identify the means of encouraging tuberculosis suspected cases to seek medical care.

Nano-in-Medicine is a complex field of exploration with far-reaching technological and medical possibilities. Nanotechnology in diabetes research has facilitated the evolution of novel glucose measurement and insulin delivery systems. Not only is detecting glucose in the food and pharmaceutical industries very important. In addition, glucose monitoring is particularly critical for diabetes supervision. The objective of any kind of diabetes therapy is to reach nearly physiological glucose levels. The current view points toward a continuous insulin infusion by means of insulin pumps.

This paper investigates the relationship between Angela Duckworth’s (Duckworth, Peterson, Matthews, and Kelly, 2007) concept of grit and academic performance in mathematics, with attention to the performance of students with low grit scores. Research thus far has been inconclusive about the relationship between grit and performance, but the authors of this paper noticed that students with the lowest grit scores seemed to be generally high performers, and so they conducted a simple action research study to investigate.

(Employees PKWT is employees who working status as non permanent employees on sugary factory and spritus factory Madubaru, Yogyakarta wich later will be abbreviated as PG-PS Madubaru, Yogyakarta. This study aims to examine the effects of distributive justice compensation and procedural Justice compensation on job satisfaction with collectivistic as a moderated variable on employees PKWT in PG-PS Madubaru, Yogyakarta. The sample in this study is all employees PKWT wholesale amount of 185 respondents.

A network that deploys numerous sensor nodes that use wireless mode for communication amongst each other is known as a wireless sensor network. The nodes are self-configuring in nature due to which the security of these networks is a major issue. The types of malicious nodes present in the network result in causing either passive or active types of attacks in these networks. This research proposes a study related to an active type of attack known as sinkhole attack.

The pharmaceutical industry is facing a unnerving challenge in the control of impurities; Residual solvents play as an important role in the synthesis of drugs substances; according to the good manufacturing process measuring residual solvents is an integral part of impurities profile assessment for pharmaceutical products and is mandatory for the release testing of all active pharmaceutical ingredients.

Lots of solutions and methods were developed to deal with reciprocating pump systems’ starting requirements either the reciprocating pump driven by a wind turbine or electric motor (Ford et al., 2013). Decrease reciprocating pump-starting requirements in term of starting torque and starting current is a critical issue and should be considered in designing, sizing, and selecting reciprocating pump systems (Mahmoud Mohamed , 2013).

The study of job satisfaction and commitment among the police officers is of considerable significance as they are engaged themselves with the maintenance of law and order in society. As such, the satisfactions they derive and dissatisfactions they suffer on the one hand and the commitment they exhibit in the performance of policing could be of immense significance in understanding the standards of police functioning on the other.

The research on culture most of the time goes hand in hand with the research on literature. This is because literature itself is a very important branch in cultural studies. At a general level culture encompasses way of life, action, way of thinking and behaviour as well as the material and spiritual commodities that a society produces. This paper will discuss a contemporary cultural discourse that is labeled as cultural amnesia. It will be analyzed using Sara Suleri’s memoir titled Meatless Days (1991).

In the yarn production, the combing process is very important in order to make the fibers parallel, clean and prevent the problem of nepp which adversely affects the quality of yarn and fabric. In this study; a new combing hub has been developed which improves the number of nepp errors after combing, spinning and winding(bobbining) processes as a result of making the combing process more efficient on the combing machine.

Periodontitis is a bacterial infection that results in destruction of attachment fibers and supporting bone. The ultimate goal of periodontal treatment is the regeneration of periodontal structures lost during periodontal disease. Periodontal regeneration result in functionally aligned periodontal ligament fibers between newly formed bone and root surface. The regeneration of periodontal tissue requires an appropriate biological environment which induces the differentiation of undifferentiated cells to make required structures.

A “Juvenile” or “Child” means a person who has not completed eighteen years of age. International Law interprets, a ‘Child’ means every human being below the age of 18 years. Today this is a universally accepted definition of a child which comes from the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Under the Indian Laws, Section 2 (k) of the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act, 2000 defines “juvenile” or “Child” as a person who has not completed eighteenth year of age. The future of country depends on its children.

The value of a civilization can be judged by the place given to a woman in the society. The stature into which women are born within the property system have great influence on the ways their lives unfold. The old orthodox Indian society places women in a very high respects, the Vedas lionized women as the creator and worshipped her as a “Devi” or Goddess. The women occupied a vibrant role and as such her subjugation and mistreatment were looked upon as demeaning to not only the woman but towards the whole society.

The study compares the Father-Child relationship of dyscalculic elementary school students in relation to their locality. Rural dyscalculic elementary school students differ significantly from their urban counterparts on rewarding and punishment dimension of father – child relationship. Urban dyscalculic elementary school students get significantly more reward by their fathers as compare to their rural counterparts. Rural dyscalculic elementary school students get significantly more punishment by their fathers as compared to urban dyscalculic elementary school students.

The study aimed to find the effect of gender and locality on social maturity of student teachers in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. Total 349 student teachers of B.Ed. college of Mandi district was taken as sample out of which 167 being males and 182 being females. In the present study Dr. Nalini Rao’s Social Maturity Scale was used. There are no significant differences on the various components of social maturity. Again, significant difference is found in the mean scores of male and female student teachers on social adequacy.

The vital importance of motivation cannot be underestimated in development of any organization and especially in the education sector. The value placed on education should be high because it is what transforms the pupils as a result of motivated teachers so that they can be responsible citizens. The objectives of the study included influence of training on teacher motivation in public schools and the effect of work environment on motivation. The study used a descriptive research design. The target population included teachers and head-teachers of public schools in Nairobi.

The transformation in science education warrants integration of project-based learning and Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) for promoting creativity among students. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of an integrated project-based learning and STEM teaching and learning module (Pro-STEM) and evaluate its effects on scientific creativity of Fifth Graders. The module consisted of six lessons and six project activities regarding Life Science, Physical Science and Material Science.

The cinematographic adaptation of literary texts is often considered from a defensive or protectionist perspective in a culture where literature has long exercised its hegemony: transposition or adaptation in costume, the spectator is happy to declare respect for the original text, and on the conformity of the filmmaker's vision with his own vision.

Bataona, Yohanes P. S. 2018. An analysis of spontaneous English conversations among second semester students of the English education department of San Pedro University in academic year 2017/2018. Thesis. English education graduate program of Nusa Cendana University. Supervisors: (I) Prof. Drs. Tans Feliks, M.Ed, Ph.D (II) Dr. Agustinus Semiun, MA.

Background: Tubectomy is becoming the choice for fertile age couples at the time of delivery with cesarean section. This is because it has proven to be effective and does not require multiple procedures. Objective: To determine the tendency for the preference of tubectomy by fertile age couples with second child and other related factors. Methods: This study uses a cross sectional design. The population is all women who delivered through cesarean section with tubectomy in 2016-2018.

This study focuses on finding out the reading performances of elementary graders of San Vicente Elementary School as revealed in the Philippine Reading Inventory pre and post- tests for the School Year 2016-2017.The study is inclusive to all grades III to VI pupils of San Vicente Elementary School. The consolidated PHIL IRI results for the School Year 2016-2017 were utilized and the pupil respondents were made to answer a questionnaire for the demographic profiling as needed in the study. It was found out that majority of the respondents belong to families with low level income.

The most common and internationally accepted tool to measure a bank’s financial performance is the CAMELS rating. This study aimed to analyze the financial performance of the publicly listed banks by using the Camel model to propose a strategy for the improvement of domestic banks’ competitiveness against competitor brought about by the ASEAN integration. CAMEL model was utilized based on the five indicators, namely: Capital Adequacy, Asset Quality, Management Efficiency, Earning Quality and Liquidity. The data originated from the Annual Reports of the banks for the year 2016.

The four common venomous land snakes which are found in India region include the Common cobra (Najanaja), the Common krait (Bangaruscaeruleus), the Russell‘s viper (Viperarusselli) and the Saw scaled viper (Echiscarinatus) (Virmani SK and Dutt OP. A., 1987, Kulkarni ML and Anees S., 1994). Although venomous snake bite is a life threatening emergency, it is rarely considered as a priority for health research in developing countries like India.

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a valuable tumor marker for prostate cancer. It was believed that PSA was produced exclusively by the epithelial cells of the prostate gland, but a large body of evidence demonstrates that PSA is not a prostate-specific molecule (Giai M 1995). Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is present at very low concentrations in female serum, but it can now be measured with highly sensitive immunoassays (Yu H, Diamandis EP 1995). PSA has been shown to be expressed in many forms of female tissues.

Learning abilities is a condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the level expected of those of the same age especially when not associated with a physical handicap. In our society students with the learning disability are mostly ignored by teachers and parents because most of the untrained teachers are not able to find out their disabilities and because of it children become slow learner and cannot achieve good scores. Students having learning disabilities are also suffering from different combination and severity of problems.

Academic achievements represent performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has accomplished specific goals that were the focus of activities in instructional environment, specifically in schools, colleges and universities. The student’s academic performance may be influenced by various external factors other than their personal characteristics. This study has been conducted on 60 students of secondary school of Mehmoodabad Karachi. The main purpose of this study was to examine different factors influencing the academic performance of students at secondary level.

Primary education provides the fundamental of all formal learning. Primary schools have special responsibility for the intellectual and social development of children. It is a responsibility shared with the family and community but the school is generally hold accountable. The high dropout rate that is experienced in primary school is largely attributed to the drab experience of building, inadequate facilities and an overall repulsive physical environment. This study has been conducted on 60 teachers of government school at primary level in Gulshan –e-Iqbal Karachi.

In education, Montessori system of education plays an integral role. A child education is a foundation and the need ought to be given to this foundation. The Montessori system of education is like a foundation of a house as strong building can be built only on strong foundation such as on the basis of Montessori education the whole life of a child depends. This study has been led on 80 teachers of Montessori schools of the Gulshan town Karachi.

In this work, nanocrystalline The purpose of this mixed method study was to assess examine the objectives of Bloom’s taxonomy its usage and at secondary level while teaching the sciences subject in the Sindh. The population of this study was 508 teachers of science and 50 headmasters. Questionnaire and an interview protocol were used to collect the data through stratified random sampling technique Mean Chi square were interpretation of the data.

Vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR) is the most common urologic abnormality seen in children. It represents the backflow of urine from bladder to upper urinary structures due to a defect in closure of uretero-vesical junction. This condition predisposes children to repetitive pyelonephritis associated with renal scarring. Studies are continuously searching for the potential effect of VUR on growth.

Background: Infertility is a socially distressing medical condition that remains a public health concern in many developing countries including Nigeria. Tubal disease is the most common cause of female infertility in Africa. Sero-epidermiological studies have indicated that Chlamydial infections account for a large proportion of asymptomatic genital tract infections by demonstrating a strong link between tubal pathology and the presence of chlamydial antibodies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the serum Chlamydia antibodies between infertile women with tubal and non-tubal factor infertility.

Background: Small bowel bleeding refers to patients presenting with a source of bleeding identified in the small intestine. It accounts for only 5-10% of all patients presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding. Patients present with either overt bleeding or occult bleeding manifesting as iron deficiency anaemia. Various modalities are used to diagnose the cause of small bowel bleeding which include imaging, video capsule endoscopy, enteroscopy. Objectives : Data on the small bowel bleeding in India is sparse.

Background: Selection of correct core material is vital for the success of endodontic treatment. Degree of conversion and microleakage of two bulkcure core build up materials was assessed. The two materials were different in their mode of curing; one was a light cure and the other a dual cure material. Aims: To evaluate and compare the degree of conversion and micro leakage of two bulkcure core build-up materials at various cavity depths. Settings and Design: In vitro- study. Methods and Material Seventy two extracted premolars and molars were divided into six groups (n=12).

Objective: The objective of this study was to compare etch patterns, shear bond strength and ARI scores using different enamel conditioners with and without deproteinizing agent. Study Design: A total of 125 human premolars were divided into 5 groups (n = 25) as follows: Group A, B1, C1 in which teeth are etched with 37% phosphoric acid, 10% maleic acid, 20% lactic acid for 20 seconds respectively. In Groups B2 and C2, etchants were same as B1 and C1 but enamel deproteinization with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite was done for 1 minute before enamel etching.

With menopause studies showing dangerous risks associated with conventional western style hormone replacement therapy (HRT) it’s time to look at some of the other viable options now available for helping women going through menopause. The options include nature-based alternative and integrative treatments, including Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Acupuncture. Studies show that both are highly effective and successful in eliminating menopause symptoms and hormone imbalances associated with this “big change” in the woman’s life.

Images are fundamental in day to day practice of dentistry. They serve as documentation of dental procedures and as forensic evidence and they play as an essential role in dentist patient communication providing the basis for patients expectation and treatment. The present article provides the brief inside on the same.

Introduction: Medications are an amazing discovery. They promote healing, reduce suffering and contribute to modern medical miracles. However, because thousand of new drugs have been developed recently because the health care environment is increasingly complex and because the patients are often sicker, there is increasing risk for medication errors (Shivayogi, 2014).

Now a day, a search is going on for new antimicrobial agents due to the negative effects of existing antibiotics and the constant development of bacterial resistance. This study assessed the phyto chemical screening and antibacterial activities of methanol extract from the leaves of Wedilia trilobata and Emilia sonchifolia. Methanol extract from the leaves of Wedilia trilobata and Emilia sonchifoliahas an antimicrobial activities against 5 bacteria K. pneumoniae, E. coli, E. faecalis, S. aureus and P.

Pain is a common problem during orthodontic treatment. Many a times patients complaint that he/she is feeling pain just after appointment. There are several ways to reduce orthodontic pain like pharmacological non-pharmacologial management. In pharmacological management there are several medicines that reduce orthodontic pain like paracetamol, ibuprofen etc. In non-pharmacological management there are LLLT, chewing gums, dietary management, psychological management etc.

The field experiment was carried out at Rabi 2016-17 and 2017-18 at Research farm of Central Agricultural University, Imphal, Manipur. The experiment was laid out with four replications and four treatment, considering four levels each of zinc (0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 Zn kg/ha in form of ZnSO4.7H2O). The results of experiment indicated that, application of different dose of Zn significantly increased plant growth and yield of tomato.

Background: Hospital - acquired infection (HAI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients that increases. More than 20% of all nosocomial infections are acquired in Intensive care unit (ICU). The risk of HAI in ICU is 5 to 10 times greater than those acquired in general medical and surgical wards. The emergence of resistance to antimicrobial agents has been increased in recent years. To ensure appropriate therapy current knowledge of the organisms causing HAIs and there susceptibility pattern is mandatory.

Currently the beta radioactivity of unstable atomic nuclei is often associated with the nuclear weak force that manifests within two kinds of nucleons and in their immediate environment. The W+ and Wconveyed bosons serve as temporary particles and are of short existence during intermediate phases in the transformative changes. The new concept and detailed explanation of beta radioactivity, here proposed, appealed mainly to the physical phenomenon of the electric combination between quarks of the nucleons that are a priori spatially involved in this reaction.

License is a standard mark of a professional recognized by the government and public to introduce excellence, rules of behavior, guidelines of recruitment and measures of member protection, assuring a high sense of dedication, responsibility, skills and quality towards one’s profession.

The research contributes to the school characteristics that influence academic performance of Junior High School students in Gomoa-West District. The descriptive research approach was employed. Data were gathered from 302 students and 65 teachers using questionnaires. The participants for the quantitative research were randomly selected from six schools within the district. The data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics.

It can be said that the concept of Nibbāna has been spent various stages in its process and development in the nature of recognition. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the process of development of concept Nibbāna in main periods of Buddhism. It can be listed in four main periods of Buddhism: Early Buddhism, Buddhist Sect Period, Mahāyāna Buddhism and Vajrayāna Buddhism. Especially, with the development of Engaged Buddhist Movement, the concept of Nibbāna has been changed under the form of applied aspects.

The ameloblastoma is a true neoplasm of enamel organ type tissue which does not undergo differentiation to the point of enamel formation. Ameloblastoma is a benign locally invasive epithelial odontogenictumour comprising 1% of all tumours and cysts arising in the jaws. The wide age range of occurrence of the neoplasm from 10yrs to 90yrs have been reported. It is commonly found in the third and fourth decade. It occurs in all areas of the jaws, but mandible is most commonly affected area. Within the mandible the molar-angle-ramus region is most commonly affected.

Background: The belief that no organism can survive in the acidic environment of the stomach was shuttered by Barry Marshall and Robbin Warren in 1982 when they identified the organism Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori is the main cause of gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The aim of treatment of H. Pylori infection in any clinical situation is eradication of bacterium from the foregut with armamentarium of antibiotic to choice.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have received great attention due to their potential adverse human health and ecosystem impacts. PAHs can readily be adsorb by plants via particulate organic matter such as soil sediments. This study evaluates the concentration of PAHs in vegetables in Rumuosi and Choba, Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria. A total component of PAHs measure in Rumuosi and Choba were within of 9 – 16, 10 – 12 and 14 – 15 for water leaf, pumpkin and bitter leaf, respectively.

Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common salivary gland tumour of major and minor salivary glands accounting for about 40-70% of all salivary gland tumour. The commonest intraoral site is palate followed by buccal mucosa and lip. Histologically pleomorphic adenoma consisting of cells exhibiting the ability to differentiate to epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells. Avery few cases of lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma a rare clinical entity characterized by presence of lipomatous tissue has been reported in literature.

Leiomyomas are the most common uterine and pelvic tumors. Cervical fibroids are uncommon (1-2%) and their presentation as huge abdominal mass is even rarer. We present here a case of a 30 year old female who presented with abdominal mass and primary infertility. Abdominal examination revealed a nontender, solid mass of 24 weeks size filling the abdominal cavity with restricted mobility. Lower border of the mass could not be felt. Laprotomy was planned. Laprotomy revealed fibroid arising from supravaginal portion of the cervix displacing the normal sized uterus superiorly.

Background and objectives: Bacterial infection of biliary tract may cause severe inflammatory response or sepsis. Cholecystitis and cholelithiasis are the most common diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract. An immediate bile culture and appropriate antibiotic administration are important to control the biliary tract infection. The objective of the study was to study the microbial profile and antibiotic sensitivity pattern in patients with biliary tract infection.

Levosimendan, a myofilament Ca2 sensitizer with inotropic effects, increases myocardial performance without substantial changes in oxygen consumption and with neutral effects on heart rhythm. In addition, levosimendan has vasodilatory effects that are acheived by stimulation of adenosine triphosphate–dependent potassium channels.

Acute renal failure (ARF) occurs in up to 30% of patients who undergo cardiac surgery, with dialysis being required in approximately 1% of all patients. The development of ARF is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality independent of all other factors. The pathogenesis of ARF involves multiple pathways. Hemodynamic, inflammatory, and nephrotoxic factors are involved and overlap each other in leading to kidney injury. Clinical studies have identified risk factors for ARF that can be used to determine effectively the risk for ARF in patients who undergo bypass surgery.

Aim: Urologic complications in post renal transplant, are a cause of major concern as they occur in a high risk setting and cause considerable morbidity. Here we aim to present our 7 year experience in cadaveric renal transplant with respect to urological complications, analyse the possible risk factors, management modalities and prevention of the same.

Introduction: Dental caries remains a significant public health problem and investment in multi-level oral health promotion intervention is essential. The effects of this type of intervention are only partially known; thus, further evidence is needed. Objectives: This article describes the design, protocols, and baseline characteristics of centers and participants (caregiver/child dyads) involved in a multi-level oral health promotion cluster randomized controlled intervention integrated into Primary Healthcare Centers (PHCs) in Brazil.

Dermatoglyphic pattern analysis, the one of the genetic method, was used to determine digitopalmar ridge count in 40 women with ankylosing spondylitis. Twenty five variables (ridge count on each of the ten fingers, their sum on five and ten fingers, four traits o n each palm, i.e. ridge count between a-b, b-c and c-d triradii, and atd angles in degrees, on the palms as well as their sum) were determined. The data thus obtained were compared with digitopalmar prints of 200 healthy women who served as a control group.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of alimentary tract has an incidence of about 1 per 100,000. Mesenteric GIST are rare and constitute less than 1 % of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Heterotopic pancreas in the jejunum is encountered incidentally and the incidence ranges around 0.2-0.9% of gastrointestinal surgeries. Here we present a rare case of 37 year old male who presented with acute intestinal obstruction and was operated immediately. On exploratory laparotomy, there were two masses, one in the mesentery and the other in the jejunum.

Excessive use of electronic gadgets like mobile devices and computer can cause health problems like neck pain and other musculoskeletal disorders. This paper reviews publications of last 15 years which are focused on pathophysiology of mobile and computer related musculoskeletal disorders and other health hazards. Suggestions regarding their prevention have also been put forth.

Echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by the larval stage of cestodes of the genus Echinococcus. The tiny worm lives in the intestines of dogs, their ova pass on to sheep, through feco-oral route, and the larvae come to rest in sheep organs, develop into metacestodes (cysts loaded with protoscoleces). When these organs loaded with protoscoleces are ingested by dogs, the life-cycle is completed and repeats. Humans are accidental intermediate hosts. The most commonly involved organs are liver (75%), lung (15.4%) and spleen (5.1%).

Sex fixing of mammalian progenies is one of the most fascinating subjects ever reported and if properly developed and put to application value, it can be a formidable tool in increasing dairy productivity as well as ensuring considerable economic and social benefits. There have been many recorded attempts to produce sexed off-springs in mammals and most of them involved semen sexing methodologies.

Background: Pressure ulcer is a chronic wound that has a high prevalence. Despite all the efforts, pressure ulcers closure of tentimes fail. A tool is required to establish the right moment for wound closure. The presence of bacteria is one of the big factors that interfere with the wound healing process.The type and number of certain bacterial load also determine the success of wound closure. Objectives: We propose a solution by using the bacterial type and number measurement to determine wound closure success in pressure ulcers.

Pediatric cardiac catheterization is an advance technology that permits diagnosis and treatment of cardiac problems among children as well as congenital cardiac defects. It can be prescribed for all age groups and developmental stages to evaluate disease progression, regression and patients' response to therapy .Although it gives a great chance for evaluating children conditions and treating them, but like other invasive procedures it possesses adverse effects.

Background: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative, non-inflammatory, joint disease characterized by destruction of articular cartilage and formation of new bone at the joint surface and margins. Quadriceps strengthening is widely recommended in knee osteoarthritis as it decreases pain and improves function. Studies say with malalignment and laxity, muscle forces may increase stress on localized areas of articular cartilage. Malalignment in the knee joint may alter the line of action of the quadriceps forces thereby distributing unequal forces across the joint.

Background: Tooth-colored restorative materials have been widely used for aesthetic purposes in restorative dentistry. The gradual loss due to degradation or wear of the damaged surfaces leads to the roughening of the restoration and accordingly influences its esthetic and clinical longevity. Objectives: To assess the feasibility of nano-filled resin coating of aesthetic restorations materials which is as an essential step for GI and an optional protocol for resin composites.

Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) is a distinct odontogenic tumor that is exclusively odontogenic epithelial in origin which accounts for about 3-7% of all odontogenic tumors, being benign (hamartomatous), noninvasive with slow but progressive growth (Batra et al., 2005). It is predominantly found in young female patients, located more often in the maxilla in most cases (and) associated with an unerupted permanent tooth (Stafne, 1948). Treatment involves conservative surgical excision and the prognosis is excellent.

Background: Pulp stones are discrete calcifications and can be identified in periapical and bitewing radiographs. Stones may exist freely within the pulp tissue or attached to or embedded in dentine. They are more frequently present in the coronal than in the radicular portion of the pulp with a predominating tendency to appear in the maxillary teeth especially the maxillary first molar.

Apocrine carcinoma of breast constitute less than 1% of all malignant neoplasms of the breast. Apocrine carcinoma of the breast has an incidence of 1-4%. Here we present a case of apocrine carcinoma of the breast in a 70 year old lady. Mammogram was suggestive of a malignant lesion. Fine needle aspiration cytology: features were suggestive of malignancy with the following possibilities: oncocytic carcinoma, apocrine carcinoma and neuroendocrine carcinoma. Modified radical mastectomy was done and the tumor was diagnosed as apocrine carcinoma of breast after immunohistochemical workup.

Background: Micronuclei (MN) are a small additional nucleus and are readily identifiable by light microscopy. Biologically, MN is the chromosome fragments or whole chromosomes that lag behind at anaphase during nuclear division. MN occurs due to genetic damage of the cell and the MN scoring is the indicator of the genetic damage. But, it has been shown by various studies that MN formation is not always related with genetic damages and may be developed from the physiological damage of double stranded DNA break when a cell enters from G0 to G1 phase of the cell cycle.

Objective: To study the incidence of Cardiogenic Shock (CS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) Methods: This is single centre prospective analytical observational study. The study was conducted during 21St August 2010 to 20th August 2012 in a tertiary care hospital. This study included 250 patients with AMI. All of the patients included were primary thrombolysed. Results: This analysis pertains to the 25 (10%) patients who unequivocally developed shock after admission. Out of 25 patients who developed shock 13 expired (52%mortality).

A fifty year old hypertensive male presented in the outpatient department with the chief complaints of bleeding per rectum associated with tenesmus while passing stools along with a complaint of a mass protruding from the rectum. A colonoscopic evaluation and biopsy revealed a lesion at the anal region which was suggestive of a malignant melanoma, while the PET CT revealed a hypermetabolic circumferential wall thickening involving the anal canal and distal rectum with metastatic pelvic nodes, and hepatic metastasis.

Endodontic procedures are used to treat large periapical lesion. Additional apical surgery is performed in few cases. Various irrigating solutions like Chlorhexidine, Sodium hypochlorite are used. Some clinicians prefer Ca(OH)2 as intracanal medication. Non-surgical and surgical methods show no difference in long term follow up. Non-surgical endodontic treatment leads to complete resolution of periapical lesions and should be the treatment of choice.

Background: Verbal conflicts among staff in healthcare settings are a serious issue that requires intervention at different levels. On a day-to-day basis, the issues they are dealing with are multi-faceted covering physical, emotional, cultural, etc., the magnitude of the conflict arising out of it is also quite intense and serious. The objective of this study was to assess the cross-cultural violence, and explore intercultural competence perception and awareness among healthcare staff.

The aggregation behavior of isopods like Armadillidium vulgare functions to limit desiccation and reduce metabolic rates. Aggregation may also function as a cooperative form of communication enabling A . vulgare to relay habitat quality to conspecifics. Grouping is stimulated by social interactions and physical cues and aggregation pheromones in feces. This study examines whether chemical cues, in the absence of social or physical cues, will influence settling behavior in A. vulgare.

This work consists of evaluating the effects of a balanced and fortified diet on the nutritional characteristics and values of serum metabolites in protein-deficient rats. A series of three experiments, with 11 lots of 6 rats is conducted, with a control diet containing 20% of protein. The first experiment which lasts 15 days consists of restriction diets containing 10% (P 10), 5% (P 5) and 0% (P 0) of proteins, relative to the control. The second experiment is composed of the same restriction diets (15 days) followed by a rehabilitation diet with the control feed (15 days).

An experiment was conducted during 2016-2017 to study the critical limit of Zinc in soil and plant. Pea (Pisumsativum L.) cv. Rachna was taken as the test crop . The treatments consisted 0, 2.5 and 5.0 kg Zn ha-1 as ZnSO4.7H2O and Recommended dose of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potashas urea, single super phosphate and muriate of potash, were used. Each treatment was replicated thrice. Application of 5.0 kg Zn ha-1 gave the highest yield of pea. Dry matter yield, zinc content and zinc uptake by the plant also increases as the level of zinc increases.

In India, Sericulture is essentially a village-based industry providing employment to a sizable section of the population. Although Sericulture is considered as a subsidiary occupation, technological innovation has made it possible to take it up on an intensive scale capable of generating adequate income. Besides capable of providing continuous income to farmers, it creates new avenues for engaging the rural folks in related activities leading to blocking the rural migration in search of livelihood.

Background: A raised Antistreptolysin O titre (ASO) level is one of the most relevant retrospective serological indices of antecedent Group A-Beta Hemolytic Streptococci (GAS) infection. A single titre of more than 200 IU/ml is considered as a raised value. Serum ASO titre is raised when there is an infection of any organ of the body by GAS,or less commonly, group C or G Streptococcus, especially in patients suspected of having a non suppurative sequel to this infection.

a) Introduction-Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a degenerative condition described as narrowed lumbar spinal canal with neurogenic claudication, consisting of back and buttock or leg pain induced by walking or standing and relieved by sitting. It adversely affects quality of life of the patients. There is lack of improvement with modern medicines. There are chances of recurrence due to surgical decompression. b) Patient has severe stretching pain in right leg up to toe with right lower limb claudication since1 month. Patient walks with a stick and has limping gait.

Child abuse and juvenile delinquency have been occurring at a staggering rate far and wide. Victimisation at a young age is known to influence an individual psychologically and as indicated by previously conducted studies, an antagonistic traumatic experience can lead to commitment of savage acts in impending years by the individual. The inquiry is to what degree do child abuse and juvenile delinquency impact each other and similarity between the occurrence of the two respectively.

Food security in developing countries still remains a global concern requiring effective and sustainable solutions. This study investigated the effect of three indigenous arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungal inocula namely; Funneliformis mosseae, Claroideoglomus luteum and Glomus viscosum on the growth and yield of a tomato cultivar (Lycopersicum sp.). The spores of the fungi were isolated from a fallow land in Ile-Ife, Nigeria and were propagated separately by maize pot culture.

In the last years, the consumption of natural products has increased. Fruit concentrates and derivates are part of these new products of high demand. Although these products present high acidity, they have been linked to the transmission of different pathogenic microorganisms. The aim of this study was to determine the potential survival of three different concentrations of Listeria monocytogenes inoculated into three different fruit juice concentrates of high demand in Costa Rica, including custard apple, black berry and mango, through its shelf life at refrigeration temperature.

In this work, the ligands vinyl imidazole (VIm) complexes of Ruthenium(Ru) were taken and one electron redox potentials were analysed. The structures and the influence of ligand in these ruthenium complexes on the one electron transfer mechanism were investigated. Ligand charge transfer towards the Ru metal has been found prominent in these Ru-ligand complexes forming a strong coordinated bond. The one electron transfer processes of these complexes depend on the number of VIm ligands present in these complexes.

Tuberculosis is the major public health problem and ninth leading cause of death globally. Calcium and phosphorus are important macro-minerals required for various physiological functions and changes may cause detrimental effect as it has role in patho-physiology of pulmonary tuberculosis. Aim & Objectives: Estimation of serum calcium and phosphorus in pre and post-treatment of newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients.

Objective: This study aims to establish the quantitative organic composition, and to appreciate the antioxidant potential of the essential oils (EOs) from the fresh and dried leafy stems of Origanum syriacum acclimated in Côte d’Ivoire. Methods: The chemical composition determined by GC (Ir), GC-MS and 13C-NMR showed that the species belongs to the carvacrol family. The antiradical activity was evaluated with respect to the radical DPPH●, (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). Results: In total 31 compounds have been identified accounting for 98.1-99.4% of the total composition.

Children of low income group are generally neglected in their health status. Thus, they face different problems for health. Motivations are given not by their parents to improve their health and hygiene. Conditions are become worse when both parents go out for work and nobody is there to look after them. There is no well-managed, detailed research study is conducted to find out health status of children in low income group. The small step of research work is done on those children.

When a dissection made to three specimens of skate Raja batis Linnaeus, 1758 flattened cartilaginous fishes bought randomly from the Red Sea city markets, were found naturally infected with three specimens of helminth parasites two species of digenea Monorchismonorchis Stossich, 1890, Lecithochiriumpriacanthi Yamaguti (1953) and one of tetrabothridea Echeneibothriumminutum Williams, 1966 impeded in spiral valve wall. The morphology and morphometric characterization were carried out by light microscopy.

The present paper focuses on the comparision of BMI and hand grip strength of middle aged regular walkers and yoga practitioner. Physical activity provides important health benefits for middle aged individuals, including increased physical fitness, reduced body fatness, favorable cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk profiles, enhanced bone health, and reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety. Health, fitness, and general wellbeing are things that many of us take for granted in our youth and yet go onto neglect in our middle age or at least until something needs serious attention.

After the World War II, developed countries have been engaged in a race on economy, armory and superiority including testing new weapons without considering environment. On the other hand, undeveloped countries tried to catch up with developed countries as soon as possible in terms of economy and technology and they also kept ignoring the environment. During occurrence of environmental pollution, important international meetings were held on the subject. At the end, it was understood that the only solution was sustainable development after long discussion.

The purpose of this study is to identify ergonomics factors for lifting process in working environment. Target respondent for this study consist 20 technicians and this study was based on the questionnaire surveyed. The study used primary data and interpreted using descriptive statistics. Analysis performed noted there were factors that could cause musculoskeletal injuries during lifting activities such as back and muscle pain.

In this study ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by using different procedures. In the first procedure ZnO prepared by using sol-gel method by precipitating ZnO from a reaction of Zinc nitrate (Zn(NO3)2) and Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) different techniques are used sol-gel method with stirring and centrifugation to obtain ZnO nanoparticles. In the second procedure grinding of Zn(CH3COO)2 and H2C2O4.2H2O in a mortar for 30 min is used, also by doping Selenium powder (5%) to the mixture and ZnO-doped Selenium was obtained.

The issue of student drop out is an important social issue. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the reasons why students dropped from school. Quantitative method of research was used in this study. Stratified random sampling was employed in the selection of teacher-respondents and purposive sampling was used for student-respondents since they are at home and others are in their workplaces. Social media, specifically Facebook and Google Form were used. A researcher-made instrument duly validated and reliability-tested was used in this study.

After dyeing, the fiber undergoes some strength and elasticity loss due to pressure, temperature and chemical exposure. This leads to difficult progress of the fiber along the production line and decrease in yarn quality in the yarn production stages. In this study; The loss of strength and elasticity after dyeing, the penetration of the dyebath into the fiber at the desired level and the unevenness of dyeing were investigated depending on the pump cycles in the dyeing machine during dyeing of the wool fiber.

This implementation aims towards the establishment of performance qualitative analysis on make span in VM task allocation and process according to their deadline, then implemented in CloudSim with Java language. Here major stress is given on the study of dead line based task scheduling algorithm with heterogeneous resources of the cloud, followed by comparative survey of other algorithms in cloud computing with respect to scalability, homogeneity or heterogeneity and process scheduling.

Due to the sheer volume of opinion rich web resources such as discussion forum, review sites, blogs and news corpora available in digital form, much of the current research is focusing on the area of sentiment analysis. People are intended to develop a system that can identify and classify opinion or sentiment as represented in an electronic text. Therefore product features or aspects have got significant role in sentiment analysis. In addition to sufficient work being performed in text analytics, feature extraction in sentiment analysis is now becoming an active area of research.

Today much importance is given to the acoustical environment. This work investigates the acoustic properties of porous concretes made from scoria by showing the influence of physical prosperities of materials like material thickness, density, and porosity on their absorption behaviors. The high absorption achieved in some frequency bands, depending on the concrete dosage, confirmed the possibility of using lightweight structural slag and insulating materials for custom acoustic interventions.

In order to reduce water conflicts and to attend to multiple water uses, this study evaluated water quality in the Ribeirão das Botas Stream basin in Brazil's Central-West region, in regards to the evolution of legal and institutional aspects at the federal and state scope, mainly with the inclusion of the legal instrument to authorize water use rights.

With the help of advanced science and technology, Modern medicine has open a new era. It has dramatically changed of the countless people life. But discovery of a drug is a complex process which faces scientific, technical and regulatory challenges. In spite of such challenges, every day, many scientists in the biopharmaceutical industry research at the molecular level, screen and make a new disease target and trails at animals and human to get a desired result. This result help to fine new drug or medicine that will help to improve medical care.

The rising environmental concern in response to global warming is drawing people’s attention to seek sustainable or green solutions. Extensive emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) are from the energy use in buildings which in turn marks the real estate industry as a significant contributor to global warming scenario. The environmental benefits of green buildings have been firmly established, but the awareness that green buildings deliver a range of compelling financial and social benefits is not well established.

In this work, nanocrystalline ZnO thin films have been created by sol-gel method. The films deposited onto a glass substrate at 50ºC, formed from zinc nitrate, distilled water (pH ≈ 7.0, Conductivity ≈ 36.00µ S/m), Methanol, Ethanol Alcohol, and polyvinyl Alcohol, magnetic stirrer with hot plate. The crystallographic structures of ZnO films and powder were examined utilizing X ray diffraction (XRD). The Scherrer formula was used to calculate the grain size of the films. And Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was utilized to describe structure and morphologies of the saved specimens.

Pressure drop is the main parameters describing the efficiency and acceptance of a particular shell and tube heat exchanger in any application. Pressure drop across the tube side is inversely proportional to the viz. Higher the pressure drop lower is the heat transfer and hence the required pumping power is high and correspondingly higher is the expense. The pressure drop on the tube side can be trichotomized as pressure drop due to Inlet nozzle, pressure drop in the tube bank, and pressure drop in the outlet nozzle.

Solution of the sparital task on tension-deformation condition of biaxial loaded well packer is considered in the article. Koshi method for variations of the components of tensor deformations in complex loading in the well has been used. The theory of plastic flow has also been applied, borders of plastic zone at the period of packing deformation have been determined and some variants in the particular case for satisfying stabilly conditions of the sealing have been solved. The obtained results are compared with the results of the works carried out by other authors.

The author in this article has analyzed the process of formation of military schools during 1917-1940 years and activity of these military schools. In the article it was also revealed graduated cadets of military schools and courses, social composition of cadets and the role of these military schools in the progress of military work and military history in Uzbekistan.

Knowing and taking advantage of native or foreign language is perceived through the mastering of the four language skills which are production (writing and speaking) and comprehension (writing and speaking). The previous works concerning the interlanguage study of the Ivorian learners of Spanish have been focused on writing aspect. In this way, basing ourselves on a critical and descriptive perspective, our intention has been to identify and to bring solutions to learner’s difficulties during their communications in Spanish, thing that increase the level of students speaking capacity.

The aim of this study is to inquire issues related to teachers’ education within the scope of Lifelong learning. At the same time, it inquires issues of teachers’ professional development and strengthening through their participation in training programmes. Specifically, this research was carried out within the geographical boundaries of the prefecture of Karditsa, in central Greece, and was based on the completion of 130 questionnaires by teachers who teach in secondary, general, public schools under any working status.

In education, Montessori system Kambingan Festival is a town festivity celebrated annually on the founding anniversary of Tuy, Batangas. This research aimed to determine the impacts of Kambingan Festival to the Tourism Industry and Culture of Tuynians. The descriptive method of research was utilized by the researcher in this study. There were 108 respondents composed of the Municipal and Barangay Officials. Data were gathered through questionnaires. The respondents agreed that Kambingan Festival was promoted, prepared, participated in, and implemented successfully.

This article sought to assess the effectiveness of the approaches employed by the various actors in the management of conflicts with a focus on Tana River County in Kenya. The conflict in Tana River has escalated to unparalleled armed violence with loss of life and property. Various actors have employed diverse approaches in response to the conflict and to build peace. However, in spite of these efforts the region has experienced periodic relapses into violence.

Illiteracy caused by political and economic inequalities and exclusion from education opportunities has left millions of vulnerable people across the globe in a disadvantaged position. Education, however, throughout human history has been a means and an end for human growth. The international community has come to realize the importance of Human Rights Education in contributing to the recognition of Human Rights and consequently international stability of the world.

This study aimed at investigating the availability and adequacy of science teaching/learning resources in public secondary schools in Bukoba District Council (BDC), Tanzania. Researchers considered that availability and adequacy of such resources in public secondary schools was a prerequisite for the implementation of compulsory science curriculum in BDC. The study used convergent parallel mixed method research design. The qualitative part employed phenomenology while the quantitate part used cross-sectional design.

This study delves on the livelihood and training needs of Mamanwa tribe in the existence of local assets like forest, agriculture, and marine resources as a competitive edge in the locality including occupational tools to design a sustainable livelihood preparation intended for Mamanwa which is considered as the oldest and second poorest indigenous group in the Philippines. Mamanwa mainly rely on shifting agriculture with hunting and gathering forest resources. These natural resources are no longer sufficient to support their livelihood needs of their family.

The culture and tradition of India is considered as old and great all over the world where people used to worship various female goddesses, saints and poets. India is also a powerful nation and famous worldwide for being the largest democracy in the world however, women backwardness is also very clear in the Indian society because of the social issues, problems and lots of restrictions against women. Women belong to the lower and middle class family suffers more than the women of higher class family.

Currently, the issue of environmental pollution is becoming a growing concern in terms of both health risks and obstacles to development particularly in developing countries such as those in the West African region. This study contributes to the strengthening of existing databases on air pollution in West Africa. The study method consisted of selecting articles from the following databases: “Pub Med”, “SPORT-Discus”, “Scopus” and “Google Scholar”.

The objective of this study was to analyze the current living conditions and health promotion needs of older people. Needs within each health promotion dimension were investigated through a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Participants in this study comprised people 65 years or older living in the 12 administrative districts of Taipei City. The participants were sampled using stratified random sampling and were divided into two groups based on age, 65–74 years and 75 years and older. The valid samples totaled 1122, and a structured questionnaire was utilized for data collection.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
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