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Clinical and epidemiological study of parotid gland tumors in PMCH, Patna

Author: 
Dr. Pranay Kumar, Dr. Ankur Akela and Dr. Shweta Kumari
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Salivary gland tumors are relatively rare and constitute 3-4% of all head and neck neoplasms1.The majority of all salivary gland tumors are in the parotid gland (70%)2 of these 80% are benign. OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology and various clinical presentations of the parotid tumors. Methods: 50 cases admitted to surgical ward of PMCH from sept.2016 to sept.2018 have been studied. In all cases a thorough, clinical history and physical examination were carried out. Basic investigations were done for all patients. Based on investigations cases were divided into benign and malignant neoplasms and were treated accordingly. In operated patients, the operative findings and method of management are recorded. Results: The majority of the cases belonged to 31-40 years age group (35%) with female predominance.70% cases were benign whereas rest 30 % were malignant. Most common clinical presentation was of painless swelling (70%). Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common finding in pathology (80%) whereas Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was most common malignant finding. Conclusion: Majority of the parotid tumors are benign with female predominance. Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common benign tumor whereas mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common malignant tumor in paortid. Commonest clinical presentation in both benign and malignant tumor was painless swelling.

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