CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2019

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clinicopathological evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding: a prospective study

Author: 
Ufaque Muzaffar, Maraj-ud-din
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: Postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) accounts for 5% of gynaecological Out Patient Department presentations. Generally, 4% to 11 % of postmenopausal women will experience bleeding per vaginum. Although the chances of occurrence reduces , as time since menopause increases. About 71 million people of our population are aged over 60 years and out of these, 43 million are post menopausal women, as per the third consensus meeting of Indian Menopause Society (2008). Postmenopausal bleeding is one of the most common reason for referral to gynaecological department, with a strong suspicion of malignancy. Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted out on 75 patients at department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Government medical college Srinagar for a period of 18 months from June 2018- December 2019. Postmenopausal women who came up with complaints of vaginal bleeding, with their last menstrual period at least one year back and who were 45 years and above. Informed consent was taken from the study subjects. Exclusion criteria for the study subjects was taken as; Patients having pre-mature menopause, Surgically induced menopause , Radiation induced menopause, Chemotherapy induced menopause. Results: In our study of 75 patients for evaluation of PMB it was found that majority of study subjects 44% had their menopause between the age of 50-54 years, 60% had menopausal bleeding between the age of 50-59 years, 41.33% were Para 2, 34.6% had associated hypertension, 16% had associated Diabetes mellitus, 37.3% were overweight , 2.6% were obese,5.3% had Hypothyroidism and 4% had no illness. Conclusion: Medical disorders like diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension etc are associated with higher risk of malignancy. Endometrial thickness of more than 4 mm and histopathology features of proliferative changes put a patient at high risk of malignancy. The main purpose of evaluation of post menopausal bleeding is to determine the exact cause, which in majority of the cases turns out to be benign cause, though the main worry of the clinician is premalignant and malignant leisions. Hence all the patients with post menopausal bleeding need to undergo endrometrial sampling.

PDF file: 

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran