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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

December 2016

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects generated ondreaming in female patientsundergoing spinal anesthesia; by three different sedative agents. Methods: Thiswas a prospective and randomized study and it was approved by TurgutOzal University School of Medicine Ethics Committee, and the patients’ informed consent was received. 120 ASA I-III female patients, 18 - 60 years of age, were planned to undergo surgery by spinal anesthesia. All the patients had bispectral index (BIS) monitorization.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the content validity of the construct of worker quality of life for the subsequent development of an assessment instrument. The present study used a qualitative approach involving a focus group of experts in worker quality of life who provided data regarding attitudes, opinions, perceptions and behaviors related to worker health and quality of life. The focus group discussion constituted the first step toward the elaboration of a specific questionnaire for the assessment of this construct.

Operculina turpethum is a perennial with milky juice belongs to family Convolvulaceae. This plant was widespread in old tropics from E. Africa to N. Australia and common in Godavari, Andhra Pradesh India & Bangladesh. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the acute toxicity and antidiarrhoeal activity of the ethanolic extract of the Operculina turpethum in mice. Ethanolic extract of the Operculina turpethum (Linn.) was administered orally in mice at various dose levels to determine the acute toxic effects and the median lethal dose (LD50).

Aims: Pre-eclampsia (systolic blood pressure of >140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg) is a fundamentally unique condition, occurring in the post-partum as well as the pre-natal period of pregnancy. It is a progressive and acute condition, characterised by high blood pressure and proteinuria which can have deleterious impact on both the health of mother and child. Few reviews to date have examined trends in the pharmacological management of pre-eclampsia from a global perspective.

Interocclusal appliances, or more commonly termed as bite splints, have been advocated for the control and treatment of conditions such as bruxism (bruxomania), trauma from occlusion and temporomandibular joint disorders. Many different types of splint designs have been advocated, each aimed at eliminating a specific etiologic factor. The selection of the appliance design should be based on sound therapeutic goals.

Pharmaceutical waste is type of medical waste, the improper disposal of which is causing the harmful effects on the environment in turn affecting health of all forms of living creatures. If appropriate action is no taken the adverse effects may lead to serious consequences. This paper discusses about generation of pharmaceutical waste from different sources, types of pharmaceutical waste, various regulating bodies, waste treatment and disposal methods and solutions for pharmaceutical waste management.

Background: Chronic hyperglycemia enhances osteoporosis in diabetic patients mainly by inhibiting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Nuclear receptor co repressor (NCoR) has been reported to negatively modulate osteogenic differentiation of Rat BMSCs in a standard culture medium, conversely, its knockdown promoted osteogenic differentiation. In this study, we investigated the effects of NCoR knockdown on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of MSCs under a high glucose microenvironment.

Aim: To evaluate the efficiency of different analgesic and/or anaesthetic techniques for endoscopy and complications associated with it. Materials and methods: The present study of 350 patients between the age group of 1-85 years was carried out at Fathima institute of Medical sciences. The study included patients posted for endoscopes with diagnostic as well as therapeutic indications. The types of scopies included are (1) oesophagoscopy, (2) bronchoscopy. The scopes used were rigid as well as fiberoptic scopes.

Certain signs manifested in head and neck region including oral cavity serve as an imperative clue in diagnosing systemic disorders. The visibility of these signs often enables the physician to make an instant or spot diagnosis. The word diagnosis means ―thorough knowledge, it is the greatest task and a key to successful clinical practice. Hence a thorough knowledge regarding various presenting signs and symptoms is of utmost importance to a clinician for precise diagnosis and management of a disease.

Chondrosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm that is characterized by formation of cartilage, with progressive local invasion to the surrounding tissues. Currently, it is the second most common bone tumour next to osteosarcoma and comprises 10-12% of all malignant bone tumours. They usually involve the long bones, approximately 1% to 3% of chondrosarcomas occurs in the maxillofacial region, predominately in the anterior maxilla, while other facial bones are less affected.

Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a medical condition, which occurs due to insufficient production of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland. The GHD is associated with retarded growth on brain, bones, muscles and gonads affecting the person physically and emotionally. The goal of a dental professional in this regard is to identify the dentofacial manifestations that commonly occur due to GHD, perform a radiographic examination which will not only aid in confirming the clinical features but also simultaneously screens for growth or tumours in parasellar region.

Aim: To screen for septic arthritis of the hip joint in neonatal sepsis to know the prevalence and factors associated with septic arthritis. Subjects and Methods: This study was conducted on 80 septic neonates (cases) and 20 normal neonates (controls) in Benha University NICU from February 2015 to January 2016. Cases were screened for diagnosis of septic arthritis of the hip joint by using ultrasonography (General Electric 2012). Results: Among 80 septic neonates and 20 normal neonates about 16 cases of them had positive hip findings.

Background: Nitric oxide (NO), a vasodilator molecule, is produced from L-arginine by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and it regulates endothelial function. The presence of eNOS variants might further complicate endothelial dysfunction and nephropathy through reduced production of NO. This study aimed to find out the possible association and synergistic effect of eNOS 4a/b and G894T polymorphisms on the risk of diabetic nephropathy. Patients and Methods: This study conducted on 45 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and 15 healthy subjects serving as a control group.

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the normalcy of the dimensions of frontal sinus and compare the relationship of the frontal sinus with the different skeletal malocclusion and also to find a relationship between the length of the mandible and the dimensions of the frontal sinus. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 pretreatment digital lateral cephalograms were selected according to the criteria and grouped into 3 groups, group 1: Class I (n=20), group 2: Class II (n=20) and group 3: Class III(n=20).

Background: Endoscopic trans sphenoidal approach is increasingly used in the treatment of pituitary adenoma. It is considered approach of choice in pituitary tumor surgery. There are varying opinions about results of endoscopic approach in pituitary surgery. We therefore Retrospectively & prospectively studied the outcome of endoscopic Approach in Pituitary surgery. Aim: To investigate the outcome of endoscopic Trans sphenoidal approach in patients with pituitary adenoma surgery.

Objective: To determine the awareness and practice of thromboprophylaxis among different health care personals working at Liaquat University Hospital (LUH). Methodology: This descriptive study was conducted at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad/ Jamshoro. All the willing health care providers/professionals practicing individual or under supervision of seniors were included in the study. A questionnaire is used to explore the range of knowledge and practices regarding thromboprophylaxis. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 20.

The thyroid gland constitutes such an organ in our body where oxidative processes are indispensible for the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones. Hydrogen peroxide and free radicals produced from iodine and tyrosine residues participate in various metabolic processes in the thyroid. This makes oxidative stress common in thyroid disorders. Vitamin C is one of the most important nutritional antioxidant and free radical scavengers present in our body.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the nutritional status and macronutrients adequacy of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients and controls, attending treatment from a specialised unit in Qatar. Research Design and Method: This study was conducted among male attendees follow up with Rumailah Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation-Doha, Qatar from August 2014 to June 2015 (21 cases and 21 healthy volunteers). The attendees were consecutive patients with TBI. Demographic variables were solicited via medical records or directly from the attendees with TBI.

Background: Foreign body ingestion is one of the commonest indication for emergency endoscopy. Removal of FBs has always been a challenge for an endoscopist. The aim of this study is to to assess the magnitude and spectrum of FBs among patients admitted in our Gastroenterology units. Methods: A hospital based retrospective study was conducted at Medical Trust Hospital Kochi- Kerala, one of the tertiary care referral centre, in South India over a period of 2 years.

Chronic kidney disease is a global health burden with a high economic cost to health system and is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The final stage of chronic kidney disease is End-stage renal disease in which the kidneys no longer function well enough to meet the needs of daily life. Dialysis is a treatment that replaces many of the kidney's important functions. Hematological profiles are the main target in renal disease and this becomes more pronounced as the disease progresses.

Background: Headache disorders are among the most common pain disorders of the nervous system. Half to three quarters of the adults aged 18–65 years in the world have had headache in the last year and among those individuals, more than 10% have reported migraine. Aim: To explore the updates of migraine diagnosis and treatment. Methods: Systemic review of PubMed filter finds publications to support keywords of the current study. Findings: A psychological evaluation is usually not a routine diagnostic method in headache diagnosis.

Plasma cells are the only cells that sustain antibody production and hence are an essential part of immune system. In the bone marrow plasma cells produce immunoglobulins which assure long-term humoral immune protection and in the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT) plasma cells secrete IgA which protect the individual from pathogens invasion. This review illustrates plasma cell development and their role in both health and disease.

The American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) defined a difficult airway as “The clinical situation in which a conventionally trained anaesthesiologist experiences difficulty with mask ventilation, difficulty with tracheal intubation or both”. Lymphangiomas are the most common etiology of macroglossia in children. A 2 yr old female weighing 10 kg presented to paediatric surgery department with complaints of tongue protrusion since 3 months.Local examination showed non tender diffusely large tongue, protruding and keeping the mouth permanently open.

Obesity is a state which arises by excess accumulation of fat. Obesity is an epidemic that’s spreading rapidly in developing countries like India also. The present study was conducted in rural area of Kurukshetra and urban area of Delhi. The obese female subjects were selected by purposive random sampling. The subjects having BMI > 29.9 kg/m2 were selected. The main purpose of the study was to improve the nutritional status of obese subjects with achievement of weight loss as well. The nutrient intake was studied minutely and the micronutrients were also kept for consideration.

Acute pancreatitis secondary to viral infections is well established. Acute pancreatitis as a complication of fulminant hepatic failure has been mostly reported but as secondary to non fulminant hepatitis especially due to HEV infection has been rarely reported. Leakage of intracellular enzyme and cell destruction has been attributed as main cause. We describe a case report of acute pancreatitis secondary to viral hepatitis due to HEV infection.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess association between smokeless tobacco consumption and prevalence of dental caries in Dakshina Kannada population. Materials & Methods: In this study 172 elderly dentate and consenting individuals (79 females, 93 males) were included. Patients were subjected to clinical examination under natural light with the aid of mouth mirror, No. 23 explorer and cotton rolls. Age of study group ranged from 20 years to 65 years. Tobacco consumption habit data were collected through validated questionnaire.

Surgical crown lengthening is a procedure that resects periodontal tissues to increase clinical crown height and reestablishes biologic width. This may be performed for esthetic or for functional purposes. The preservation of a healthy periodontium is essential for the long term success of a restored tooth. It is however important that while undertaking this procedure, its impact to the underlying periodontal tissues be appropriately understood by the periodontist as well as the restorative dentist.

This article emphasises on the role of spinal disability support group in patients who are paraplegics and quadriplegics post spinal cord injury. The relationship between hope and reconciling life after spinal cord injury is highlighted. The introduction of spinal disability support group improves quality of life in patients of spinal cord injury not only physical wellbeing but also hope inspiring confidence and liaison. The supportive group aims at motivating spinal cord injury patients in changing their perception towards life.

Background: These diseases are considered as professional diseases. Severity of technological disease usually responds to the level and duration of exposure, and usually occurs after many years of exposure to harmful factor. Diseases occur due to excessive work at the computer, or excessive use of keyboards and computer mouse, especially the non-ergonomic ones. Objective: This randomized controlled study was conducted to compare the effectiveness on pain and upper limb function of mirror therapy and ergonomics in mouse shoulder.

Background: More than 220,000 patients are admitted to hospitals each year with acute pancreatitis in the United States alone. Acute pancreatitis is relatively common. Aim: To explore the modern modalities focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of acute gallstone pancreatitis (GSP). Methods: Systemic review of PubMed filter finds publications to support keywords of the current study. Findings: Among the numerous causes, two factors which account for about 70 -80% of cases of acute pancreatitis are biliary tract disease and alcoholism.

Poor nutrition and bad health during pregnancy, due to ignorance or poverty, may reversely affect both – mother as well as newborn. This is well known fact that Tribes are different from general population in their socio-demographic characteristics, literacy, cultural practices and in their health seeking behavior. Apart from maternal factor one more important infantile factor affects the anthropometric parameters of newborn i.e. the gender of babies.

Background: Radiography in dentistry has got paramount importance in diagnosing oral diseases and conditions. However, this useful diagnostic aid carries dangerous risk of radiation exposure hazards. Though the radiation dosage of dental radiographs is relatively low, the cumulative effect caused by repeated exposures is of concern. Hence certain measures and protocols for radiation protection are to be followed. Objective: The present study intends to know and analyze the knowledge and attitude of emerging dental practitioners i.e. the interns regarding radiation protection.

Abdominal injury as a result of both blunt and penetrating trauma has an appreciable mortalityrate from haemorrhage and sepsis. This study represents the experience with blunt trauma to the abdomen ofpatients from a tertiary care Centre. The study was undertaken to know the demographic details, mode of injury, management and outcome of blunt trauma abdomen (BTA). All the blunt trauma abdomen cases admitted inRIMS Ranchi during period of July 2014 to September 2016. There were 55 consecutive cases of blunt traumaabdomen.

Background: The World Malaria Report has estimated that 3.4 billion people are still at risk of infection via malarial parasites irrespective of global efforts to control infection and elimination. Over 80% of these cases are diagnosed in Africa. Aims: The primary aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of mosquitoes across a residential university campus (Nnamdi Azikiwe) via the collection of eggs, larvae and pupae.

Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (LCNEC) is a comparatively rarecarcinoma of lung with a poor prognosis. They are aggressive tumours and areincluded in the group of non-small cell carcinoma. Though aggressive in nature they respond to treatment more or less similar to small cell carcinomas of lung. We here report a case of 75year old man who presented with diffuse metastasis mainly to thoracic and lumbar spine, brain and liver. The primary was laterdiagnosed as LCNEC of lung through Computer Comography and cytological analysis.

Very often we come across patients who have an excessive gag reflex. Gagging in dental patients can lead to avoidance of dental treatment and hence hinder the patient care. It can compromise the treatment at every stage, starting from diagnosis to rendering active treatment to the patient. Etiology and Management of gagging have been dealt with in the previous articles in this series. We hereby present cases where severe gaggers were managed and their orthodontic treatment carried out with appliance modification and other gagging control techniques.

Very often we come across patients who have an excessive gag reflex. Gagging in dental patients can lead to avoidance of dental treatment and hence hinder the patient care. It can compromise the treatment at every stage, starting from diagnosis to rendering active treatment to the patient. This series of articles will outline the etiology and management of gagging. A literature search of PubMed, Cochrane and Wiley using keywords like ‘gagging’, ‘retching’, ‘dental’ was performed and all the articles till date were included.

Introduction: Diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis in children is generally based on clinical symptoms, CSF findings, CT scans and response to anti tubercular drugs since conventional methods like microscopy and culture are unsatisfactory. Therefore the present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of polymerase chain reaction for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis in children.

Foreign body ingestion is very common among pediatric age groups and most of the times they pass through the gastrointestinal tract without any complications. Very few patients require any intervention. Most common foreign bodies ingested are coins, but marbles, button, batteries, safety pins, glass and bottle tops are also found. Radiological localization is mandatory for decision making regarding the removal. (Wyllie, 2006) Smooth foreign bodies do not pose much threat but Sharp foreign bodies, if not retrieved at the earliest may cause complications.

Self-concept can be defined as a set of perceptions that the subject has about himself, perceptions from the private experiences of each individual, and from the consideration and testimony he receives from significant people who are close to He: family, school, same (Calleja, 2005). A social order of representations around gender allows individuals to perceive themselves and others by virtue of concepts and stereotypes endowed with a certain degree of consistency.

Background: The aim of the present study was to standardize Janova by two biomarkers Piperine and Gingerol-6 present in the herbs used for formulation by adopting sophisticated instruments High performance liquid chromatography and High performance thin layer chromatography methods. Janova is a very effective Ayurvedic polyherbal medicine used to treat anoestrus, one of the most common causes of infertility in cattle. Ingredients of commercial herbal medicines are assessed for quality primarily to ensure their safety.

Traumatic dental injuries are very common in young children in the age group of 2 to 5 years. This is most often due to the increased motor development during this period. Different types of traumatic injuries affect the primary dentition. The potential for disturbances of the developing germs is relatively high following injuries to their predecessors. Developmental aberrations in the form of coronal discolorations, eruption disturbances, crown/root dilacerations, bifid roots and cessation of root formation are encountered.

Free end saddles are liable to be displaced under occlusal pressure. This can be because of displaceability of mucosa. The altered cast technique is employed to try and prevent this by making an impression of mucosa under controlled pressure.

Introduction: Salivary glands are the site of origin of non neoplastic and neoplastic lesions. The histopathology of these are more various and diverse.Salivary gland tumours affect the parotid gland in more than 70% of cases, submandibular gland 5-10%, sublingual gland 1% and minor glands 5-15%. Aim of the study: To clinicopathologically study the various neoplastic and non neoplastic lesions of salivary glands.

Orthodontic tooth movement is a biological process involving interactions between physiological bone changes and chemical mediators such as growth factors, cytokines, arachidonic acid metabolites etc. Complex molecules are released by bone cells such as-osteoblasts, osteoclasts and osteocytes which cause bone changes/remodeling which are compatible with tooth movements. Various theories of tooth movement have been discussed in this article in conjunction with biological processes encompassing these.

An immediate complete denture is a dental prosthesis constructed to replace the lost dentition and associated structures of the maxillae and/or mandible and inserted immediately following removal of the remaining natural teeth. This treatment modality preserves a person from social stigma of being without teeth. But, a major disadvantage is the inability to review teeth arrangement and esthetics before processing and following denture insertion. This clinical report describes the treatment of restoring the anterior teeth of 45-year-old female with partial edentulous upper and lower jaw.

The principal permanent breeding grounds in the 13 municipalities of the province of Villa Clara were sampled to examine the species of larvivorous fish existent in these reservoirs. The species of mosquitoes associated to these reservoirs were identified. An experiment was carried out to assess the predation capacity of the copepod Mesocyclops aspericornis on Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Also, an economic evaluation was made to assess the expenses inverted in the Intensive Campaign in the year 2006 with the purpose decreasing mosquito populations.

Background: In Medical and Dental Colleges there is significant psychological distress with negative effect on mental health students, which may lead to a high frequency of depression, anxiety and stress in these students. The competitive studies and movement from pre-clinical to clinical stages in medical education with challenges related to trainers, professionals and interaction with patients in combination with the performance of procedures on patients is known to precipitate anxiety, stress. Long term anxiety and stress may cause depression.

Wilson’s disease is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, leads to the impairment in copper transport characterized by accumulation of anomalous amount of copper in the body tissues especially in the liver. The classical clinical presentation of the Wilson’s disease include presence of Keyser-Fischer ring, low serum ceruloplasmin levels and increased 24 hrs urinary copper levels.

Statement of Problem: The fracture of complete denture is a common occurrence in the field of prosthodontics. Often if all other criteria are met such as good aesthetics, occlusion, and functionality; denture repair is acceptable. If denture fractures, we would want the joint surface strength to be as good as original.

The essential amino acid L-tryptophan (Trp) is the important precursor of a number of biologically active metabolites. Tryptophan 2,3-dioxigenase (TDO) is a liver-specific enzyme for tryptophan catabolism. Although the regulation of TDO expression is understood to involve glucagon In vitro, it is largely unknown in vivo. To investigate the regulation of TDO expression in mouse liver during starvation, I performed real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis.

Background and Objectives: Contaminated impressions can cross infect gypsum casts that are poured against them. Prosthodontic treatment procedure may begin with the making of the dental impression which forms the first link in the microbial contamination during dental care. The disinfectant must be effective antimicrobial agent, yet cause no adverse effect to the dimensional accuracy and surface features of the impression material and the resultant gypsum cast. Method: 80 impressions of die constructed according to ADA specification No.

Background: A large number of disorders affecting the masticatory system can cause restriction of mouth opening. The most common conditions related to this problem are those involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the masticatory muscles, is an usual finding. Coronoid process hyperplasia is a rare cause of mandibular hypo mobility. Literature review states that the morphological variation in the shape of coronoid process and sigmoid notch may be due to hereditary or functional changes and have a correlation with the mode of degree of attachment of temporalis muscle.

The advertising campaign of Millet fest with tagline Your Health Our Pride as central theme, consisted of print, radio, T.V, mobile message service, online and conventional media, to publicize the millet fest. An interview schedule was developed to collect feedback from the visitors to analyze the impact of advertising campaign on millet fest. The data collection was continued for three consecutive years from 2012-13 to 2014-15. A total of 2250 visitors were interviewed @750 per year. Professionals like doctors, software personnel etc and students occupied the send line.

This work was carried out to study the antioxidant capacity and antibacterial activity of Limoniastrum guyonianum (Plombaginaceae) extracts, traditionally used in folk medicine in Algeria. The aerial part were submitted to extraction by water and methanol to give methanolic (Met.E) and aqueous (Aq.E) extracts with that yields are 10%and 17,5% respectively. Quantitative analysis of polyphenols and flavonoids content showed that the Met. E had the highest amount (285.37µg EAG/mgE and 44.11µg EQ/mg E, respectively).

A study was conducted to evaluate the carbohydrate, lipid, ash, protein, moisture and fiber contents of samples of African bullfrog (Pyxicephalus adspersus) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) collected from ARAC, Aluu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria from Novenber 2013 – February 2014. Slight variations in chemical compositions of both species, some of which were statistically significant, were observed in the study.

A comparative study of impacts of wild animals and anthropogenic activities on survivorship and abundance of Raphia farinifera along three close streams was donein Thondwe area, Malawi because although these plants are conspicuously exposed to threats no study has been made on their conservation status. In this study, we divided each stream into three equal sections where we determined the adult and juvenile palm abundance through total counting once in the study period.

This article analyses about the role of the National Unity and Integration Department (DNUI) as one of the government agency in Malaysia to deal with the ethnic relation’s issues. Due to the colonial era, British had rule Tanah Melayu (Malaya) and brought in foreign labourers especially from China and India to ensure large-scale activities can be completed accordingly. All of these economic activities are based on the policy of divide and rule practiced by the British.

This study investigates Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) relation to infertility through a biochemical and molecular at methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene and PCOS gene. Samples from patients suffering PCOS were collected from Kamal al-Samarrai Hospital. Twenty tissue samples were collected from Madinat al-Amamin Al-Kazimin Al-Tibbia Hospital. Fifty blood samples from healthy women served as the control. Average ages of patients and control group were 20-50 years. Subjects were divided in to three age groups (20-30), (31-40) and (41-50), years old.

In present study benzylaminopurine efficiency was tested on shoot proliferation efficiencies under in vitro condition. About 45 explants were cultured on each of medium supplemented with different concentrations of 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 mg/L BAP. Concentration of BAP significantly affected the average of survival rate, shoot numbers, and shoot length per explants. Whereas, MS basal medium supplemented with 2.0mg/L concentration of BAP showed astonishingly survival rate and the maximum number of shoots (16shoots/explant).

Emphasizing the importance of women contribution in growth and development, this paper aim to study and analyze the possibilities of achieving Saudi vision 2030 goals to empower Saudi Women. Descriptive and quantitative analysis using data from higher education statistics, and Saudi Arabian Monetary agency, was done. The study shows that, the number of males and females are more or less equal according to 2015 population data for Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but when it comes to labor force mismatch between them is observed with higher opportunities for males.

An aqueous extract of Anacardium occidentale (AEAo) with a concentration from 1 mg / kg b.w. to 50 mg / kg b.w. induces dose-dependent hypotension on rabbit arterial blood pressure (p <0.01). The respiratory movements of the animal grow in amplitude and frequencies. High doses of 40 and 50 mg / kg b.w. lead to severe hypotension followed by respiratory gasps. AEAo reduces hypertension induced by adrenaline to 5x10-3 mg / kg p.c. Injected to the animal before or after the injection of adrenaline, AEAo reduces hypertension.

This study was designed to investigate the effect of various substrate sterilization methods and age of spawn on the growth and bioefficiency of Pleurotus florida, white oyster mushroom. The spawn of P. florida was prepared from the culture slants. The spawn of varying age viz. 25 days, 35 days and 45 days were chosen for the study. The processed paddy straw substrate was used for preparing the mushroom beds. The substrate was sterilized using three different methods viz. chemical, boiling water and steam.

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder and it is one of the free radical mediated diseases characterized by hyperglycemia. Among the various anti-diabetic therapeutic approaches one major strategy is reducing gastrointestinal absorption of glucose by inhibition of carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes α -amylase and α - glucosidase. The aim of this work was to evaluate the inhibitory activities of methanolic extracts of tomato powder incorporated rice based cold extrudates on α- amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes.

Effect of different carbon source, nitrogen source and different concentration of silica, iron and salt in the growth medium on growth, biomass and lipid content of N. palea (Diatom) were investigated. The addition of high concentration of iron in Csi media significantly increase the growth, biomass and lipid content of N. palea. 0.05% (glucose), 0.05% (urea and nitrogen starvation), silica (100 mg/L and 20 mg/L), Ferric ethylene diamine tetra acetate (0.026Mm and 0.023mM) and salt (20ppt and 40ppt) showed a marginal rise in biomass and lipid content respectively.

Spiders with various foraging strategies to prey on insects and pests in rice fields can be considered as biological pest control in rice fields. They prey on several species which harm the growth of rice plants and, thus help to increase the yield of rice in rice fields. The biodiversity study was conducted in two rice fields in Puttur taluk of Dakshina Kannada District. This resulted in confirmed identification 30 species of spiders belonging to 6 families - Salticidae, Araneidae, Oxyopidae, Tetragnathidae, Thomisidae, Pisauridae.

Bombyx mori L. is a commercial exploited variety used large scale production of silk. One of the most important characteristics of the silkworm, B.mori is its ability to switch plant protein from feeding material to silk protein. The current study revealed that the impact of feeding B.mori with plant and animal protein enriched mulberry leaves has been examined with reference to biochemical content and economic parameters of sericulture. Fortification of the mulberry leaves by nutrient supplementation can be increased the quality and productivity of silk.

The Capsicum peppers are consumed worldwide for diverse uses, but mainly as food due pungency of fruits responsible for heat sensation. Peppers were one of the first domesticated species in the western hemisphere. There is a great genetic diversity among species of Capsicum genus, even as the genetic variability within each species. The characterization is essential for the maintenance and preservation of genetic resources favoring genotypes availability for immediate or future use.

Pomegranate is suggested by nutritionists in the diet for weight reduction and cholesterol controlling programs. Regular inclusion of fruits in the diets boosts immunity, improves circulation, and offers protection from cancers. It is also good source of many vital B-complex groups of vitamins such as pantothenic acid (Vitamin B-5), folates, pyridoxine and vitamin K, and minerals like calcium, copper, potassium, and manganese (Rudrappa, 2009).

The present study describe about direct somatic embryogenesis and investigations on antioxidant enzyme activities during somatic embryogenesis in sugarcane. Somatic embryos were produced directly from the cut end of spindle leaf explants on MS medium (Murashige and Skoog’s, 1962) containing different concentrations of 2, 4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) alone or in combination with Kinetin (Kn). Maximum number (41.07±0.89) of somatic embryos were observed on MS medium augmented with 5.0mg/l 2, 4-D + 0.5mg/l Kn.

Soil biological activity is a key component for maintaining crop production sustainability. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of mineral fertilization (phosphorus and potassium) and soil and plant bioactivation (Penergetic technology) in agricultural crops by assessing food consumption of fauna and edaphic microorganisms. The tests were conducted on soybean (summer) and wheat (winter) crops subjected to different forms of fertilization and application of bioactivator. To assess food consumption in experimental plots, was used the bait-lamina methodology.

After the analysis of variance, selection of multiple comparison statistics is important. Analysis of variance is performed only when the assumption of homogeneity of variance hold. Nevertheless, it is a test suitable for heterogeneous variance that can be used when there is a deviation from equal variance assumption. Having inappropriate multiple comparison statistics will increase type I and II errors of hypothesis and then conclusion of study may be bias. In this study, Tukey HSD and Scheffe tests gave good results when group variances were homogeneous.

An ethno-medico-botanical field survey was conducted during from 2013-2014 for document the medicinal plants used by traditional herbal healers in Harappanahalli taluk of Davangere district, Karnataka state, India. The information about plants species and their local names, part used, mode of drugs preparation, dosage and duration were collected from 27 herbal practitioners and knowledgeable elder people residing in 16 randomly selected villages using semi-structured and questionnaire based interview.

Anhydrous ammonia is chemical compound used as a fertilizer in agricultural today. It is rich in nitrogen (82.2%). Anhydrous ammonia (NH3) exists in liquid form under high pressure. Anhydrous ammonia turns to a gas when applied to the soil. Anhydrous ammonia is used and stored under high pressures. Specially designed and well-maintained equipment require in the application and storage phase. For this reason, the use of anhydrous ammonia as a fertilizer in the agriculture of our country is undeveloped.

Biodiesel at present, the most widely accepted alternative fuel for diesel engines due to its technical, environmental and strategic advantages. Biodiesel can be used neat or blended in existing diesel engines without significance modification to the engines. This study is devoted to the performance and emission evaluation of automotive diesel engine using blend of palm and castor biodiesel utilization. The concentration of biodiesel in the test was ranged from B0, B20, B40, B60, B80 and B100.

Acai is a Brazilian palm tree which fruits are widely used by the Amazonian population and play an important socioeconomic and cultural role. Knowledge of food compositional, nutritional and functional properties is fundamental for defining the quality of tropical fruits – characterized by both the abundance and bioavailability of essential nutrients.

In this work the effect of doping with magnesium on the structural and physical properties of BaTiO3 were studied. The ceramic materials of composition Ba1-xMgxTiO3 (x ranging from 0 to 1) were prepared by the sol-gel process at low sintering temperature (700°C). The results of XRD analysis showed a good incorporation of Mg in the BT structure for x ≤ 0,15 and a mixture phases for x > 0,15, moreover, a photoluminescence spectra is observed for high Mg contents, while a flat response is obtained for x ≤ 0.15.

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science which deals with the concept of intelligence. Intelligence is a kind of implementation of logic in an effective manner to solve the complex task within fewer steps and less burden. The AI is mainly appears in the form of Expert System, Artificial Neural Network, fuzzy logic which are mainly used to solve the complex problems in a effective manner. The AI technique is mainly used to make the system intelligent as like as human so that it can have a decision capability like a human thinking.

Artificial Mines are the place from where we are extracting the ore and through the ore we get our goods which pose significant threats to society, yet a large fraction of them lack accurate maps (Tanmoy Maity, 2001). This article discusses the software architecture of an autonomous robotic system (A application of Artificial Intelligence) designed to explore abandoned mines (Environment Degradation). We know that, now a day we are fully dependent on machine whether it a small task or a larger one.

The study was designed to assess the impacts of producing cash crops on socio-economic status of producers. The major objectives of this study is to assess the impact of producing cash crops on producers in terms of education, food security and ability to finance. A random sample of 205 producers were selected using multistage random sampling from the study area. Multiple regression Models, Logistic regression models, test hypothesis: Z- test, t - test and coefficients of determination methods of data analysis were used in this study.

The UV protection properties of cotton fabrics printed with ten natural colorants of plant and insect origin were investigated. The ability of the printed sample to reduce UV radiation transmittance differed widely from excellent to practically zero depending on the pigment used. The above pigment behaviour was correlated with their chemical structure and their UV-absorption spectra. UV radiation protection provided by synthetic fabrics polyester, acrylic, polyamide dyed with natural dyes has also been studied.

Municipal and Industrial solid wastes are considered to be a large quantity of organic fraction, a vital source of energy, which could be adopted for energy recovery by using coversion processes such as anaerobic digestion and fermentation. The net energy output in the form of methane and ethanol are calculated using chemical reactions of the above said processes. More potential is obtained from wastes subjected to the reaction of anaerobic digestion compared to fermentation. The calorific value of different organic wastes is found theoretically using a chemical formula.

Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) have been developed as an emerging technology for treating hazardous organics in wastewater and groundwater. In the present study, the effect of oxidants peroxomonosulphate and peroxodisulphate on the photocatalytic oxidation of catechol on illuminated TiO2 surfaces has been investigated. The efficiencies of these oxidants on photocatalytic degradation of catechol are compared with that of peroxomonosulphate and peroxodisulphate. The experimental results indicate that these oxidants exhibited enhanced rates of mineralization of catechol.

The focused of the study is to determine the viability of Taysan Soil mixed with Calacabottom ash (CBA) as an alternative road base material. The study also aimed to determine the varying proportions of each sample and select the best proportion that would serve as the basis for the road base material. Findings showed that the soil sample has a moisture content of 7.32%. While the soil sample obtained of a plastic limit of 16.54%, a liquid limit of 22.58% and aplasticity index of 6.04%.

“In this paper the concept of contraction mapping for multi-valued maps in complete metric space is introduced. The point to set map is also called multi-valued (multifunction) which guarantees the existence of fixed point generalization for some multi-valued contraction mappings such as Banach Contraction principle extended by Nadler (S. B. Nadler Jr., Multi-valued contraction mappings, pacific J. Math.30(1969)475-488), generalization of Banach and Caristi fixed point theorem for multi-valued maps was developed by many authors such as (Y. Feng, S.

Undoped and doped ZnO photocatalyst where characterized by Fourier transform infra red (FTIR), Diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). From these studies we investigated the optical absorption (λmax), functional group, surface morphology, particle size and elementary composition of undoped and doped ZnO. The dopants used where four atomic percentage of Mn2+, Fe2+, Co2+ and Ni2+.

The survey indicated that many of the people is this region of Raipur have either dental or skeletal fluorosis. A study has been carried out for the determination of fluoride in drinking water in selected area of Raipur. Fluoride was determined by using SPAND reagent and acid zirconium chloride by spectrophotometer of 570 nm. The value range from 0.6 mg/L to 5.83 mg/L. Most of the city have higher concentration of fluoride than suggested by WHO and BIS and most of the people were affected by fluorosis like dental fluorosis or skeletal fluorosis. After the analysis of sample is this region.

Son preference is the obsession for male child among couples. This obsession is basically seen in Indian society. The couples generally prefer two children. The four probable chronological combinations of having two children are son, son (SS); son, daughter (SD); daughter, son (DS) and daughter, daughter (DD). The preference for son stimulates the couple to go for third child. This mainly happens if the first two children are girls. In the hope for son, a couple goes on expanding their family. However, there are other socio-economic and demographic factors that affect the son preferences.

Proverb is often linked with wisdom in talk or utterances. People are usually described as wise when they decorate their statements/talk with proverb. Proverb is a stylistic/literary device which people apply in their daily discussions in order to, among others, warn, advise, support, reject or remind a listener/reader. This article, which is analytical, is set to show the use of proverbs in Modern African Drama as a common phenomenon; and equally show the class of people who mostly deploy it in their talks.

The study examined the influence of person-environment fit (decomposed as employee turnover) on performance (decomposed as customer satisfaction) of selected commercial banks in Enugu state Nigeria. The objective was to ascertain the relationship between employee turnover and customer’s satisfaction of selected commercial banks in Enugu state. The study employed descriptive survey design. Primary and secondary sources of data were used for the study. Pearson’s Product moment correlation was used to test the relationships between key variables.

Indian radio industry is one of the largest broadcasting organization in the world in terms of language of broadcast. Radio has come a long way from where it started in 1923. Radio is expected to be the second fastest growing medium of media communication. In India radio broadcasting has begun in 1935 by air and in 2001 the first private FM radio went on air. With the entries of private players in FM radio segment, FM radio has gained popularity in India. This paper deals with listening attitude of the audience towards FM radio in Coimbatore city.

In the era of Globalization, competition is ever where and the business environment is becoming complex day by day. To survive in such competition the businessman and the businesses are always busy to make the new strategy and new business model. The workmen are very important who have the great contribution to the production and productivity in the organization. Profit is the ultimate goal of any business. To attain the goal of the business the motivation is very important. It works like a blood of a man in the business arena.

Steep growth in the international business transactions of enterprises under common control has led to adopt a disciplined approach towards Transfer Pricing regulations by the tax jurisdictions world over. UN Model Tax Convention and OECD efforts including the report on BEPS have given due significance to Transfer Pricing issues. India has been following the foot prints of the developed countries in this regard. Aggressiveness of India’s approach in its Transfer Pricing policy and practice has made the researchers to study the corporates’ views on this.

This study aimed at investigating determinants of employment growth among MSEs in Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed to select 352 enterprises by using Yamane (1967) formula with 5 per cent precision and 95 per cent confident level. Data were collected using interview schedule through face-to-face interview and observation, key informant interview, focus group discussion and data analysis were carried out by using descriptive and inferential analyses as well as econometric models.

Some people are engaged with their work while majority are not because of the lack of motivation. The issue of what truly motivats is self-interest-pursuing the satisfaction of needs that are important to them. From birth to death our behavior is completely defined by our pursuing the satisfaction of inborn needs. Self-interest is the single driving force behind all human behaviour.

This study evaluated the performance of artificial neural networks (ANNs), and a mixed linear regression model to predict the height of trees of Tectona grandis, teak, due to categorical and numerical variables. The data were originated from forest inventories carried out at 11 and 16 years of age. The prediction of the time by networks was simulated with different combinations of variables input and neurons numbers in the middle layer. We also evaluated different scenarios, by reducing the number of trees in training / adjustment.

Vehicle Registration Numbers are used as a unique identification number of any motorized vehicle, but these can be obliterated by painting during the use of vehicle in criminal activity such as murder, hit and run cases, dacoity, thefts, so that the ownership cannot be traced. Nowadays only very few methods are available for restoration of obliterated painted registration numbers on the metal plate surface. Chemical etching remains the most common and successful method for restoration of obliterated painted registration number on metal registration plate.

This article intends to open space for future research on the development of more effective leaderships in Higher Education Institutions (IES), in the sense that when the teacher perceives that his leader's actions are abusive can signal and even protect himself from the effects that Such actions may cause in their performance and organizational well-being. Private Higher Education Institutions (IES), like all profit organizations, need to survive in the business world, not only by providing quality education but by ensuring profits for the operation of their activities.

Regarding the issue of copyright, our study firstly defines the concepts of “visual communication” and “communication ethics”, mentions the origin of copyrights; and then discusses the copyrights in the Turkish Cypriot Law and the copyright issue in terms of Turkish law and Common Law due to the relations with Turkish Cypriot Law. Finally, this study will deliver concrete solution proposals upon the improvement of copyrights from the perspective of Turkish Cypriot Law.

This study examines the relation of government expenditure with economic growth and poverty reduction in Ethiopia using time series data over the period 1980 to 2013. Employing modern time series econometric techniques such as unit root tests, bound test co-integration approach and error correction techniques within an ARDL framework which yields more robust estimates.

The economic performance in Sub-Saharan Africa has been insignificant, particularly in comparison with other developing regions like East Asia. Using a panel data for 19 Sub-SaharanAfrican countries for the period 1995-2014, this study investigates the relation of health and education sector investment on the Economic growth of the SSA Countries. Employing the theoretical model based on an augmented Solow growth model; by using the newly developed panel ARDL co-integration econometric strategy.

India is amongst the fastest growing countries in the world today, with a GDP growth rate of more than 9% during the Twelfth plan period. This high level of growth can be sustained only when all sections of the society, specially women become equal partners in the development process. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector has emerged as a highly vibrant and dynamic sector of the Indian economy over the last five decades.

Onion (Allium cepa) is one of the important commercial vegetable crops grown in India. It is widely grown in different parts of the country mainly by small and marginal farmers .Onion is produced and consumed not only in India but also throughout the world. Onion is classified as a vegetable and has special qualities which add taste and flavor to food. It is used extensively in Indian cuisine and culinary preparations both in cooked and raw form. Onion possesses very good nutritive and medicinal values.

This study attempts to find out and understand the experiences lived by the college teenage pregnant students of Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus in relation to its causes, effects, challenges faced and coping mechanism undertaken during pregnancy. The study utilized a typical-purposeful sampling where data is confirmed based on in-depth interviews among teenage pregnant students.

Financial behavior pertains to money apportionment and utilization or raising and using money properly. With multitude needs and wants, it becomes a challenge on how to properly apportion and utilize fixed income for consumption, cash flow, credit, savings and investment, and insurance needs. Hence, this descriptive-correlation study was conducted to determine the financial behavior of the teachers and non-teaching personnel of the Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus.

This open-field experiment utilized RCBD, four treatments, and three replications to determine the performance of vermicast obtained from various substrates on the growth and yield of pechay. Growth was measured at 10, 20, and 30 days from transplanting while yield was measured at harvest. T1 or control utilized chicken manure while T2, T3 and T4 utilized various Eudrilus eugeniae worm castings which were applied per spot or per hill.

The financial integration of different markets leads to co-movement of volatilities which further suggests volatility spillover from one market to another. The present study focuses on analyzing the integration between Indian Capital market and US Capital market. Exchange Rate, Crude oil and Gold return has also been considered for the study to see the impact of external shocks on the volatility of the markets. Daily data volumes ranging from January 2008 to October 2016 has been used and ADF Unit root test, ARCH –LM and GARCH (1,1) has been applied.

This paper presents the results of research conducted with university students in order to determine connections between their propensity to entrepreneurship and their predominant learning style. The relationship that could exist between family business background and work experience with entrepreneurial behavior are also explored. A sample of 240 college students was designed. Computerized Adaptive Test to assess personality Enterprising (Pedrosa, 2015), and the Honey-Alonso Questionnaire on Learning Styles (Alonso, 1991) were used as instruments to collect information.

Minerals and organic matter are produced by weathering and breaking up the rock particles. The soil enriches with organic matter and minerals from aerial and subterranean parts. These are the main and important constituents of soils, which are influenced by biological activities. The role of the vegetation is relatively less in arid zones because of the scanty sparse canopy cover and the poor development of aerial parts but the root systems often exhibit exceptional development and have the greatest influence of the cracking of the rocks influencing soils formation processes.

From the latter part of 1950s to 1977 in Sri Lanka, inward-looking economic development policies and import substitution industrialization strategy were given priority. There was increased government intervention and state regulation of economic activities in this period. Since 1977, the government has been deregulating, privatizing and opening up the economy to international competition. The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of outward-looking development strategy on the economy of Sri Lanka.

The study aims to employ Minwer to the wind catcher heat exchange from the earth to the air WETHE to promote the hours thermal comfort, Because the heat exchanger systems are inadequate and need to run equipment, By integrating the Minwer with a passive evaporative cooling of the proposed system.

The development of green marketing has opened the door of opportunity for companies to co-brand their products into separate line. Green marketing not only has the potential to boost brand esteem and win greater customer loyalty; if applied to the marketing process itself, it can save money and add “green” to the company’s bottom line. This paper discusses how businesses have increased their rate of targeting green consumers, those who are concerned about the environment and allow it to affect their purchasing decisions.

This study aimed to design, develop and test the Farmers’ Record Management System at the Municipality of Salcedo, Eastern Samar. This was conducted to help the Municipality specifically the Office of the Municipal Agricultural Services (OMAS)to come up with a form of information management system that is query-specific and meets the demands of a user looking for information based on certain criteria. Effective collection, storage, management, processing and generating of pertinent information related to farmers, agriculture and livestock are all concerned of the OMAS.

Sustainable production in an agro-ecosystem derives from the balance between plants, soils and organisms. The objective of this work was to evaluate the rate of mycorrhizal colonization and spore density as an index of soil quality in agricultural ecosystems in the region of Vale do São Patrício. The experiment was conducted in the areas of settlements, new dawn and Itajá in Goianésia-Goiás.

Climate change related policies, action plans and GHG Protocol’s Lifecycle Accounting and Reporting Standard were used to develop a model for assessment of carbon foot print of a large opencast coal mine in India. 28 numbers of mining activities grouped into Scope-1, Scope-2 & Scope-3 as per GHG protocol corporate standard. These activities either direct or indirect emitters are main contributors of GHG emissions during coal mining process. 20 nos. of empirical mathematical relations were used with assumptions.

Jammu And Kashmir State is divided into three divisions Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. Ladakh was added to the state as a result of fierce campaigns of the ruler of Jammu, Gulab Singh to whom the British subsequently take over in 1846 the land of Jammu and Kashmir. The present research paper is an attempt to provide an outlook and effect of climate change on the historical monuments of Ladakh. Traditional Ladakhi structures are constructed with locally available material in harmony with the region’s climatic conditions.

Remote Sensing (RS) plays a significant role in Groundwater investigations. Hydrogeomorphological mapping which emphasizes on study of Groundwater potential on the basis of landforms and underlying geology has proved beyond doubt. Satellite remote sensing has the capabilities of permanent record, synoptic coverage, repetivity, viewing over larger spectrum beyond visible range, unbiased information, stereoscopic coverage, cheap and speedy over larger areas and stereoscopic coverage.

We find huge divisions in India; most prominent being the divide of Bharat and India i.e., the nation of rural people and India represents urban people. The major part of the poor consists of rural poor. The benefits of Economic successes have not percolated down to all parts of the society and the reason is that all sectors have not yet been integrated in the loop of economic growth. India’s economic growth is urban-led, with the gaps in living standards between the cities and countryside widening the recent years.

Open spaces can directly or indirectly affect the microclimate and local air quality by modifying the urban climate. Well planned and maintained open spaces (parks) can improve their microclimate and thermal comfort to the users whereas undeveloped open spaces can augment their un-comfort level. Vegetation processes such as photosynthesis, Evapo-transpiration which helps to reduce the radiant temperature and anthropogenic heat generated by the built structures and hard surfaces which lead to urban heat island effect.

Post-Amendment to Article 18 B of the 1945 Constitution, it is the breath of legal pluralism again got fresh wind making it possible to cultivate local laws (customary law and local law) including labor laws in accordance with local knowledge of each region within the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. Therefore, strengthening local laws (legal development in the area) should continue to be fostered and directed at efforts to improve the welfare of the community.

Sertoli cell tumour is a sex cord gonadal stromal tumour of Sertoli cells. Sertoli cell ovarian tumours are very rare and constitute less than 0.5% of ovarian tumours. They differ from Sertoli leydig cell tumours in as they do not contain leydig cells or immature gonadal stroma. Most tumours are unilateral, confined to ovaries and are seen during second and third decades of life. These tumours are characterised by the presence of testicular structures that secrete androgens.

Myasthenia Gravis when caused by a tumor in the thymus, is potentially curable. We present a case report of a young girl who was diagnosed to have Myasthenia Gravis due to thymictumor which was removed thoracoscopically. She had a stormy post-operative period with repeated intubation and ventilatory support caused by circulating antibodies for which she required plasmapheresis. She made a complete recovery. In this article, we highlight the technical aspects of thoracoscopy and the need for post-operative plasmapheresis to tackle the circulating antibodies.

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become a pandemic with ever looming danger of its transmission in health professionals. As such anesthesiologists and intensivists are exposed to potential risk of disease transmission on a daily basis. A continuous need is felt in this arena to prevent the catastrophic consequences of AIDS in our medical fraternity while treating such patients in operation theatres and critical care units Prioritization of safety measures should be mandatory for any health care provider.

Visual Impairment is one of the most common disabilities in India. However, very little light has been shed on the oral status of these individuals. This descriptive study aims to determine the oral health status of visually impaired individuals in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. A total of 88 study subjects were selected from the Institute for the Visually Impaired, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. The results showed that majority them had untreated dental caries and gingivitis. It can be concluded that being unable to visualize the condition of the oral cavity, caries and other abnormalities is left unnoticed.

Introduction: Conservation of dental hard tissues has become the milestone for any recent caries excavation technique. Furthermore, leaving the caries-infected dentine in some critical regions of the cavity is now regarded as acceptable by many, nowadays, provided that creation of a proper marginal seal can be achieved and maintained. Thus we need highly specific and sensitive tools for identification of carious lesion Aim: to investigate the accuracy of caries detecting dyes in identification of carious lesion in primary teeth.

Ramipril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, used to Hypertension (high blood pressure) and congestive heart failure (CHF). These inhibitors relax (arterioles) the muscles around small arteries. They expand the arterioles and allow to blood flow through more easily. This reduces blood pressure (B.P).

Background: Pleural effusion refers to the excessive or abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space. Pleural effusion often present as a common diagnostic dilemma to the physicians in clinical practice (1) as the differential diagnosis is wide and may indicate the presence of pleural, pulmonary, or extra pulmonary disease, as the no cause can be found in many cases in spite of care full evaluation Methods: This study was carried out on 65 patients with pleural effusion admitted to the pulmonary medicine ward between August 2008 to August 2011.

Background and Purpose: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), is a prevalent, highly impairing neuro developmental disorder defined by developmentally inappropriate symptoms of inattention, impulsiveness and overactivity. In India the prevalence of ADHD is reported to be increasing, furthermore a pilot study revealed that the motor skill and Physical fitness of ADHD children are found to be reduced compared to the typically developing children.

Oral health is a vital component of overall health, which contributes to each individual’s wellbeing and quality of life by positively affecting physical and mental healthiness, appearance and interpersonal relations. Individuals with special needs have greater limitations in oral hygiene performance due to their potential motor, sensory and intellectual disabilities and are thus, prone to poor oral health. The present study was planned to determine the prevalence of dental caries, oral hygiene, malocclusion and traumatic injuries in sensory impaired children.

Introduction: Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) using heavily T2 weighted sequences is a non-invasive modality useful for evaluation of pancreatic and biliary system. Purpose of study: Our aim was to study MRCP findings in various pancreatico-biliary diseases. Results: Total 45 patients were studied out of which pancreatic pathologies were present in 14 patients, biliary pathologies were present in 27 patients, and both were present in 4 patients.

Background and Aim: A brief look at the history of wastewater treatment shows that wastewater treatment began in the twentieth century and with the removal of suspended and organic matters from the wastewater. However, with the passage of time and the emergence of inappropriate environmental conditions, experts decided to do to a fuller treatment of the wastewater. Phosphorus is essential for the growth of algae and other living organisms, but due to eutrophication in waters and various complications that it creates, it is known as a severe pollutant.

Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is an autoimmune disease which is possibly life threatening affecting the skin and oral mucosa. The epithelial lesions are formed due to auto-antibodies which act in response with desmosomal glycoproteins on the keratinocyte surface causing loss of cell adhesions. This loss of intercellular adhesion leads to intraepithelial bullae formation. We report a rare case of oral pemphigus vulgaris with skin involvement in a middle aged female patient with brief on review of literature.

Diet rich in cruciferous vegetables contain glucosinolates associated with decreased incidence of many types of cancers. These health promoting effects are due to the breakdown products of glucosinolates formed by the action of myrosinase found in them. Myrosinase released from the damaged plant cells after cutting or steaming hydrolyze glucosinolates, breaks the β thioglucoside bond of glucosinolates, producing glucose, sulfate, nitrile, thiocyanates and isothiocyanates.

Chingola is a mining town and the mining activities have been going on for a long time. It was founded in 1943 when the Nchanga Mine was started up. It is a town in Zambia in the province of the Copperbelt. In terms of development, Chingola is rated as the 5th most developed cities in Zambia. There are two hospitals: The Nchanga North General Hospital which is Governments owned and the Nchanga South Hospital is a privately owned hospital. In Chingola there is a high level of unemployment which has led to illegal mining activities in the district which is a problem.

During the process of isolation and identification of leptospira from different parts of Andhra Pradesh Leptonema organisms were also isolated and identified. A total of 458 clinically suspected samples were collected from suspected cases of cattle (26), sheep (42), dogs (13), pigs (15), humans (53), rats (299) and stagnant water from rice field (10) and subjected to isolation of leptospira using EMJH liquid medium. A total of seventeen (17) isolates were recovered from sheep (5), rats (5), pigs (4), humans (2) and rice field water (1) on isolation.

The present study was conducted to investigates the histomorphological and histochemical developmental changes established in the duodenum of the domestic cats at three different postnatal ages, that were one week (suckling kittens), 4-6 weeks (weaned immature cats) and adult of one year and up cats. Macromorphometric measurements of duodenum were conducted and listed in tables. Histological sections prepared and stained by general and special stains. Gross findings revealed that the duodenum is U-shaped of longer descending part and shorter ascending part.

In certain circumstances doctors consider that the danger to the mother and baby would be greater with a vaginal delivery. So they go for a planned CS. One such situation is where the women had undergone laminectomy in the past4. Though the experts’ advice for CS in such cases, many interventions have been tried and tested abroad to create evidence for the efficacy of physiotherapy in facilitate vaginal delivery even in laminectomy cases

Aims: To study the maternal and fetal outcome in teenage pregnancies. Settings and design: This is a retrospective study done over a period of 1 year in Subbaiah Medical College and Hospital, Bangalore from 1st april 2015 to 31st march 2016. Data was collected with information covering maternal risk factors and obstetric outcome after fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Materials and methods: 200 women with teenage pregnancies (13-19 yrs) were evaluated for maternal risk factors and obstetric outcome.

Aim: To determine the developmental stages of third molars on digital orthopantomogram in relation to the chronological age of an individual in Indian population and to compare the accuracy of two different methods [Demirjian and Gleiser and Hunt modified by Kohler]. Materials and Methods: The study consist of 100 subjects (50 males, 50 females) attending Vydehi Institute of Dental sciences and research center. The panaromic radiograph of each subject was taken.

Introduction: Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy involving the urinary system and the ninth most common malignancy worldwide. As per Indian cancer registry data in men, it is the ninth most common cancer accounting for 3.9% of all cancer. Interpretation of Immunohistochemical expression of Ki67 and Her2/neu in urothelial tumors and correlation with clinical as well as histopathological parameters might have prognostic value as well as therapeutic implications.

Background: Classic recurrent aphthous stomatitis is a localized condition representing a relatively simple disease, although a minority of patients may be predisposed to it by systemic conditions or diseases. Aim of the study: To evaluate the level of basic awareness of various risk factors ofaphthous ulcer among dental students in Qassim Province. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional qualitative study recruiting dental students from three dental colleges in Qassim province. A total of 190 dental students participated in the study.

Depression mostly remains underdiagnosed during pregnancy and results in adverse outcomes for both mother and the fetus. Primary care physicians (PCPs) should be vigilant in recognizing nonspecific somatic symptoms, which could be the manifestation of underlying depression. Universal screening for depression should be done at least once during prenatal period by the PCP, using either Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale or the nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire. If depression is diagnosed, the PCP should initially assess the suicide risk and need for hospitalization.

Objective: To evaluate the aesthetic perceptions of 12 year old children and their parent for Orthodontic Treatment Need and to compare their perception with that of Orthodontist. Methods: The sample consist of 100 children aged 12 years. The self assessment by children and the recording by one of their parent and orthodontist were carried out using the Aesthetic component and Dental Health Components of IOTN. Results: The results showed a strong association in the perception of dental appearance by children and the views of other dental assessors.

Background and Objectives: Consolida genus belongs to Ranunculaceae and includes about 52 species world-wide. The aim of our study was to investigate in terms of phenolic contents and antioxidant capacity of Consolida orientalis. Materials and Methods: Reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was used for the identification of the phenolic compounds of C.orientalis. Antioxidant activity of methanolic extract was investigated by two methods, namely ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl radical scavenging (DPPH) activity.

Ameloblastoma is the most commonly encountered clinically significant odontogenic tumour and its incidence appears to equal or exceed the combined incidence of all other odontogenic tumours exclusive of odontomas. Various histopathologic subtypes of ameloblastomas are recognised: follicular, acanthomatous, granular cell, basal cell, desmoplastic, plexiform and unicystic 1. Most tumours are found to be composed purely of one histopathologic subtype but sometimes mixtures of different patterns can be observed.

Very often we come across patients who have an excessive gag reflex. Gagging in dental patients can lead to avoidance of dental treatment and hence hinder the patient care. It can compromise the treatment at every stage, starting from diagnosis to rendering active treatment to the patient. This series of articles will outline the etiology and management of gagging. A literature search of PubMed, Cochrane and Wiley using keywords like ‘gagging’, ‘retching’, ‘dental’ was performed and all the articles till date were included.

Background: Organophosphate compounds are the commonly used pesticides in our country. These compounds are highly toxic. Organophosphorous poisoning is therefore associated with high mortality and morbidity. Early diagnosis and treatment is the key in the management of these cases. We report our experience with the intensive care management of serious OP insecticide poisonings. Materials and Methods: An observational study was made in 60 patients who were admitted with OP poisoning. They are treated with atropine and pralidoxime (PAM).

Introduction: Introduction: Metabolic syndrome is a complex of medical disorders; when they occur together have clinical significance like increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular accidents, diabetes mellitus (type two) and atherosclerosis. There are different definitions for defining metabolic syndrome and they all include the main components – obesity or waist circumference, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia. The associations of metabolic syndrome with nephrolithiasis were showed by many studies in a defined population.

Hydrocephalus is a serious condition, result in impaired circulation and absorption of CSF. Ventricular shunting has been used successfully and have become the most common therapy in treatment of hydrocephalus, various types of shunt valves have been developed during the last 50 years. We compared between three shunt systems: Codman, Medtronic and Chhabra shunts,used in sixty patients divided in three equal groups and randomly selected.The end points of the study were shunt malfunction, shunt migration, wound complication, death, or no problem at 1 year. Of all patients, 5% died.

Childhood is the most crucial period in which behaviour can be easily molded. Today children are more exposed to mobile phones and they spend most of the time in using mobile phone than participating in other activities like playing reading and doing homework. In this exploratory study 53% of children spend 0-2 hours on mobile, one third (32%) spend 3-4 hours and 13% spend 5-6 hours.

Anterior dental cross bites are one of the most prevalant orthodontic problems that we observe in growing children. Z spring has been used as the most conversant appliance as it is easy to fabricate and applies adequate magnitude of force to advance the teeth in cross bite. But most of the times a succesful outcomes becomes difficult due to compliance issues. So we decided to use fixed Z’ Spring to obtain better patient cooperation and acceptance.

The aim of present work was to develop once daily sustained release matrix tablet of aceclofenac by wet granulation technique using gum acacia. Aceclofenac sodium being the newer derivative of diclofenac having short biological half life (4hrs.), so it require more than one dose per day to maintain therapeutic dose.

Introduction: Pneumothorax is defined as accumulation of air in the pleural space with secondary lung collapse. They can either be spontaneous, traumatic, or iatrogenic. A PSP occurs in individuals with no known underlying pulmonary disease, while a Secondary Spontaneous Pneumothorax (SSP) develops in patients with underlying lung disease. Material and Methods: All the patients above 18 years and admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of SP were included.

Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) have significant impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence, gender influence, etiological factors, treatment need associated and the relation between MIH and dental caries. This cross sectional epidemiological study was conducted in a randomly selected 1004 children from the 8-9 years age group of south Bangalore.

Branchial cleft cyst is one of the common congenital anomaly and a cystic lesion of neck. It arises from branchial arch remnants, mainly from second branchial cleft. It commonly presents as a slow growing, solitary, painless swelling in the anterior triangle of the neck. Brachial cleft cyst can be misdiagnosed as other cysts of neck or as other swellings of oral and paraoral region. It is imperative to make correct diagnosis in order to design an accurate treatment plan.

Background: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory disease of multiple etiological factors, mainly immunological, affecting skin and joints. Many cytokines produced by T lymphocytes, especially T helper type, have been implicated in its pathogenesis. Objectives: This study aimed at detecting the role of interleukin 17 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Methodology: This study was a case control study.

Background and objectives: Bupivacaine is the commonly used drug for spinal anaesthesia. To improve upon the quality of analgesia and prolong the duration of its action, many adjuvants have been tried.Intrathecal dexmedetomidine has potent central antinociceptive properties with analgesic effect at spinal level. Low doses of dexmedetomidine have shown effectiveness in intensifying spinal anaesthesia. So dexmedetomidine along with local anaesthetics improves the quality of intraoperative analgesia and also provide postoperative pain relief for longer duration.

Background: Various essential oils like tea tree oil, thyme oil, peppermint oil were mixed with calcium hydroxide cement to form the paste. Susceptibility of Enterococcus faecalis with all test materials was evaluated which was then compared with calcium hydroxide saline paste. Materials and Methods: Different types of pastes used in the study were: calcium hydroxide with tea tree oil paste (CaOH+TT), calcium hydroxide with thyme oil paste (CaOH+Th), calcium hydroxide with peppermint oil paste (CaOH+P), calcium hydroxide with saline paste (CaOH+S).

Objectives Histopathologists often face difficulties in diagnosing Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PIN) or borderline Adenocarcinoma (PAC) cases on the basis of hematoxylin and eosin (H & E) stain alone. Recent immunohistochemistry (IHC) studies have shown ERG overexpression linkage with carcinomatous changes whereas CK5 expression in normal basal cell layers in prostate is an established fact.

The catalyst for change, Computer Aided Designing technology has been the digital platform for various innovations in the recent years. The speed, accuracy and ability to make complex geometries directly from the CAD and 3D Printing technology are used for the fabrication of various dental prostheses. 3D printing is performed by computer assisted methods with optimum safety, simplicity and reliability.

Brown tumor is a rare clinical entity. It’s an osteolyticand non neoplasic lesion due to hyperparathyroidism. This report describes the case of a 48 year old man who presentedwith a painless swelling in the mandible lasting for three months as chief complaint. The diagnosis of brown tumor was confirmed after performing the biopsy and doing the blood tests for calcium and parathyroid hormone levels which were severely high: 1962 pg/ml. those investigations led us to discover a parathyroid carcinoma.

Background: Waste generated if not disposed off properly can become a potential health hazard to health care workers, patients, waste handlers, community and to environment by increasing chances of infections, toxicity, polluting environment. A significant amount of hospital waste is generated from the laboratories, hence, the staff needs to be trained properly for the waste handling and management.

Objective: To evaluate the evolution of anthropometric parameters and the quality of the diet of overweight or obese children and their families. Patients and Method: Eleven children (10 girls and 1 child) aged 6 to 12 years, all overweight or obese, were included in the program. They were selected by the head of the Basic Health area of the population. Both the patients and their parents received all the program information at a meeting, and agreed to participate voluntarily in the meeting.

The current tridimensional interrelation of the retained teeth with the adjacent structures is impossible to be visualized with two-dimensional methods of imaging-diagnostics.
The objective: Of this work is to present the potentials of CBCT in diagnostics of clinical cases with complex relations between retained and other teeth of the mandible, and determining the operative access for their treatment.

Introduction: Oral cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world and ranks number one (12 % of all cancers) among men and number three (8% of all cancers) among women in Indi. The most common oral cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. Tobacco and alcohol are the most important risk factors associated with oral cancer. Diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma is confirmed with a biopsy for histopathological examination.

Background: As computers become part of our everyday life, more and more people are experiencing a variety of ocular symptoms related to computer use. Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS), also referred to as digital eye strain describes a group of eye and vision related problems that result from the prolonged computer, tablet, E-reader and cellphone use. CVS may have a significant impact not only on visual comfort but also on occupational productivity.

Osteoporosis is a chronic worldwide problem. It is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue leading to bone fragility. Cessation of ovarian function is the most widespread cause for osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. This study included 37womenaged 40 to 60 years. They were categorized into 3 groups according to their bone mineral density (BMD): Group I: 15 Normal control (T-score up to -1.5), Group II:12 Osteopenic women (T-score between– 1.5 to –2.5) and Group III:10 Osteoporotic women (T-score below– 2.5).

Background: Diabetes is a chronic disease associated with various micro and macro complications. Increased state of oxidative stress associated with these complications. Benfotiamine, a lipid soluble derivative of thiamine, thought to reduce oxidative stress and hence complications associated with diabetes. Objectives: To study the effect of benfotiamine on markers of oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with controlled blood sugar levels.

Back ground: Diabetes mellitus has been reported to modify the presenting features of pulmonary tuberculosis, but there are varying data, particularly regarding the association with lower lung field involvement. Objectives: Clinical and radiological study of pulmonary tuberculosis in diabetic patients. Methods: 70 cases of diabetes mellitus with pulmonary tuberculosis were studied. Their clinical profile, relevant tests and chest radiograph results were analysed. Results: The predominant clinical symptoms noted were anorexia (77.14%), cough (74.29%), and fever (64.29%).

Objectives: Aim and objectives: The aim of this research is to find out current awareness on musculoskeletal disorder among dental students especially in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Thiswould help in gaining knowledge on dental students' awareness in this specific pathology disorder based on their previous and current knowledge in medical field.

With the advancement of medical science, immunization has improved worldwide. This advancement can only be proven beneficiary if being practiced as well. The aim of this review paper is to summarize research findings for better understanding about the immunization rate, factors affecting immunization, the role of parents in immunization, barriers in the process of immunization and the strategies to improve immunization in developed and developing countries as well as Pakistan.

The growing field of Stem cells therapy has been proving its accurate results day by day due to the continuous researches. It is also found to be beneficial to various non-curable diseases that had no specific treatment earlier. These cells are the principal cells due to its unique and special property of capability to differentiate too many other cell types, its potency and its self-renewal.

A 60-year-old man was admitted and underwent laproscopic surgery with a provisional diagnosis of acute appendicitis. During surgery, omental torsion was diagnosed and the involved omentum was resected. The patient had no previous surgical history. Omental torsion is a rare cause of acute abdomen in children and adults who may present with various signs and symptoms; a preoperative diagnosis may therefore be difficult and can usually only be established during surgery.

Paperless partogram is a simple clinical tool, which in a gravid women in active phase of labour, can predict the expected ‘time’ of delivery (ETD) of the baby and also programmes management of labour. This tool was developed by Dr A K Debdas 2006 (India) and is widely quoted in the net. Objective: The objective of this study was to check the validity & effectiveness of Paperless partogram.

Introduction: The oro-facial region is usually an area of significant concern for the individual. Lip protrusion and chin prominence is assumed to be most important factor in assessment of male and female facial attractiveness. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate influence of the lower lip prominence for varying degrees of chin prominence in male and female in the sagittal plane by lay people and orthodontists. Materials and Methods: An idealized profile image of male and female was selected.

Objectives: To report few unusual causes of sciatica-like pain due to non discogenic causes. We propose a new terminology “sciatica mimickers” to describe these conditions. Methods: A single centre retrospective study. Results: All patients were evaluated by various imaging technique and treated either by conservative or surgically and improved with our treatment. Conclusion: All sciatica is not due to disc prolapse, non discogenic causes of sciatica are not uncommon and should always be kept in mind in evaluation of patient with sciatica.

Background: Cytokines play considerable role in reproductive system. Objectives: Study role of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interleukin-27 (IL-27) in ovulatory process, endometrial receptivity, and implantation processes and their pathogenic contribution to infertility and their effects on pregnancy outcomes after ovulation induction/intrauterine insemination (OI/IUI). Materials and Methods: Twenty unexplained infertile and twenty-seven polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) women subjected to (OI/IUI) and sixteen fertile women as control group were enrolled in this study.

Today immediate loading (IL) of dental implants is an eminent and acknowledged treatment strategy which is extensively being used for the rehabilitation of missing teeth in healthy as well as medically compromised individuals. IL may be described as functional loading (with occlusal contacts) immediately after implantation (or within 3–4 days after surgery) without waiting for the healing period. IL has gained popularity due to less tissue trauma, reduced overall treatment time, decreased patient’s anxiety and discomfort, high patient acceptance and better function and aesthetics.

The evolution significance of the membrane three state dependent regulations appeared in the three domain of life as Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya and gradually specialized, turn to fist variant of the membrane - redox potential, a three state line system dependent - full 9 stepped cycle of proton conductance.

Filariasis is a major public health problem, largely confined to tropics and subtropics. The diagnosis is conventionally made by demonstrating the microfilaria in three consecutive night blood samples. However, in early stages, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the enlarged lymph nodes is a useful diagnostic tool and may reveal the parasite. Although many risk factors like HIV infection, immunosuppression, malnutrition and diabetes predispose to development of tuberculosis, few studies have addressed the effects of co-incident helminth infection on incident tuberculosis (TB).

Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common nosocomial infection diagnosed in the intensive care unit (ICU) and in spite of advances in diagnostic techniques and management it remains a common cause of hospital morbidity and mortality. Aims/objective: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence, the bacterial pathogens causing VAP in our setup, along with the susceptibility pattern for antibiotics and detect the multi-drug resistant pathogens among them.

The present investigation reveals the seasonal changes in concentration of physico-chemical parameters in river Alaknanda in the year 2015-16. Water samples were collected from different sites viz. Vishnu Prayag, Nand Prayag, Karna Prayag and Rudra Prayag of Uttarakhand during summer, monsoon and winter season.

We investigation report the biosynthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using antibacterial and antifungal activity of Ficus macemosa fruits extract. Decidedly that Ficus macemosa fruits extract the antibacterial and antifungal activity of the synthesized Ag and Au nanoparticles were tested again gram-positive and gram negative determine seven human pathogenic organisms using disc diffusion method. The different concentration of synthesis of silver and gold nanoparicles Ficus macemosa fruits extract was taken1mM and 2mM.

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is one of the most common endocrine disorder in women. It is a heterogeneous complex genetic trait of unclear aetiology. The prevalence of PCOS varies depending on the criteria used to make the diagnosis. Clinical manifestations of PCOS include oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea, hirsutism, and frequently infertility. Earlier it was thought of as a fertility problem, but it is now known that PCOS is a metabolic disorder like diabetes that can have serious health consequences, if not diagnosed and controlled.

Siliserh Lake is an important water body of Rajasthan state. In Siliserh Lake, zooplankton community composed mainly of Crustaceans (particularly Copepoda and Cladocera) and Rotifers. Other plankton groups were also observed at low density and frequency, such as Protozoa, Ostracoda and Insecta. Plankton samples were collected by means of horizontal haul, using plankton net (No.25) with a mesh size of 55 µm. In the present study. The correlation between various physico-chemical parameters and zooplankton groups were tested using Pearson-Moment Correlation.

At post-harvestperiod, quality of corn sedes may be influenced by several important factors such as: presence of harmful microorganisms, chemical treatments, host speciesgeno type and storage conditions. Seed treatment with fungicides is a recommended practice to protect the seeds from pathogens, therefore, seed treatment is advisable in most cases. Seeds were treated with different fungicides in order to evaluate the treatment effect on the physiological and sanitary quality of the crop.

Monitoring of PM2.5 particularly in Jabalpur is extremely important due to their impact on the global burden of disease. Changing seasons seriously influence the use and management practices in residential/industrial built environments which subsequently affect the level of exposure to various pollutants. The measurements were carried out using BAM particulate matter instrument during winter, summer and monsoon seasons from 2014 to 2015. The variations of PM2.5 concentrations were significant for the three seasons.

The present study was carried out to know the cadmium (Cd) induced bioaccumulation and oxidative stress in liver and kidney of Cd treated rats. Wistar strain male albino rats were treated with cadmium chloride (CdCl2) at a dose of 1/10th LD50 / 48h i.e. 22.5 mg/kg body weight for 7, 15 and 30 days (d) long sojourn.

The present investigation deals with the cultural studies, pigment analysis, lipid profiling, total sugar content, extracellular ammonium excretion and molecular characterization of cyanobacterium Aphanothece sp. BTA 9019. The study of the bioactive compounds showed a high and comparable amount of sugar, pigments, chlorophyll, carotenoids, phycocyanin, phycoerythin, allophycocyanin including high protein and ammonia excretion in culture conditions. Total carbohydrates were carried out and this study strain produced high content of carbohydrates.

Casuarina junghuhniana is one of the most important members of nitrogen fixing, woody, non leguminous tree in the family of Casuarinaceae. The roots form a symbiotic association with Frankia-an actinomycete that fixes atmospheric nitrogen enabling the tree to tolerate varied environmental constrains. It is a multipurpose tree which is widely used in soil reclamation, agro forestry systems, dune stabilization and in wind breaks. It has also end uses such as pulp wood, fuel wood and as poles for constructions.

The field experiment was conducted to study the “Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Soil Quality and Cotton Productivity under Different Tillage Practices in Vertisol” at the Research farm, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Dr.PanjabraoDeshmukhKrishiVidyapeeth, Akola.The treatments thus involved two main treatments and eight sub treatments. The experiment main plot comprises of two treatments i.e. conservation tillage (CNS) and (CNV).

The study of phytoplankton are the subject of great interest becomes phytoplankton is basic link of food chain in an aquatic ecosystem. The abundance of phytoplankton is more of less governed by the interaction of number of physical, chemical and biological process. There are significant in determining the pattern of fluctuation in yield of total plankton. The phytoplankton communities are species of the following groups Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Cyanophyceae and Euglenophyceae has been observed in Kasal pond during study periods.

With the search for new sources of vegetable raw material for biodiesel production, the crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst) emerges as an alternative because of its high oil content, around 40%. Therefore it is necessary to know more about these species and the germination behavior of its seeds. Among the factors that affect germination, the main are temperature and light. The objective of this research was to evaluate the influence of temperature and light on germination and vigor of crambe seeds.

Farmers have struggled with the presence of weeds in their fields since the beginning of agriculture. Weeds can be considered a significant problem because they tend to decrease crop yields by increasing competition for water, sunlight, and nutrients while serving as host plants for pests and diseases. Today, some farmers have a renewed interest in organic methods of managing weeds since the widespread use of agrochemicals has resulted in purported environmental and health problems.

Twenty seven cattle of different age and sex, including listeriosis cases, were clinically examined and found affected with partial to total loss of vision, with no specific common cause. Group A of 3 cattle kept as control and group B of 4 animals were treated with vitamin A and multi-vitamin injections daily. They showed no improvement. Group C of 20 cattle were given freshly ground Syzygium cumini and Anisomeles malabarica extract 2 drops intraocular and the remnant in oral, for 7 – 15 days. Recovery noticed in 19 animals at 15th day treatment.

Two mungbean crosses namely, GM 4 x BPMR 145 and K 851 x AKM 6822 made during kharif season (2012) were studied for estimation of heterosis, inbreeding depression and transgressive segregation. The F2 and F3 generations of both the crosses were sown in randomized block design and data were recorded on days to initiation of flower, days to maturity, plant height, number of branches per plant, number of clusters per plant, number of pods per cluster, number of pods per plant, pod length, 100 seed weight and seed yield per plant.

Natural as well as anthropogenic catastrophes have led to the tremendous biodiversity crises all over the world. A growing concern regarding these catastrophes has led to the extensive compilation of threatened species lists, the aim of which is to identify the risk of extinction of taxa and to promote conservation actions that would help to halt the biodiversity crisis both globally as well as at the regional level.

Introduction and aim of the work: The protective effects of Moringa oleifera leaves extract (MOLE) against orally administered titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) for 3 months on male albino rats were examined.

The present study reports the effect of leaf extracts of Hygrophila ringens (L.) on the blood sugar and body weight changes in alloxan induced albino mice and acute toxicity. The results showed that no mortality and abnormal behaviour was observed even after administration of a dosage of 2000 mg/Kg of body weight in the treated mice. A comparison of blood sugar levels & weight changes between treated & untreated mice indicated distinct changes after 21 days. The preliminary studies also suggest that the aqueous leaf extract of H.

The importance of medicinal plants in traditional healthcare practices, providing clues to new areas of research and in biodiversity conservation is now well recognized. However, information on the uses of plants for medicine is lacking from many interior areas of Aligarh district. Ethnobotanical studies were carried out in different areas of Aligarh district. This paper documents the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants that are in uses for curing Diarrhea and Dysentery by local people, vaidhya etc.

Aim: In the present study we compared the antimicrobial and Anti Tumoractivity of two varieties of Indian medicinal plants. Tetracycline was used as the positive control in anti-microbial assay. Methods: Agar well diffusion assay, Carrot disc assay. Results: Methanoic extracts of Elettariacardamomum and Ferula assa-foetida leaves were tested against Escherichia coli (gram negative bacteria), Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus mutans (gram positive bacteria) and Candida vulgaris (fungi) using agar well diffusion assay.

Eight herbal medicines (Six herbal extracts-Yastimadhu, Aloevera, Haritaki, Ashwagandha, Rasna, Nirgundi and two herbal formulations- Arogyavardhini Vati and Chanderprabha vati) were tested for levels of heavy metals (Lead, copper, cadmium, iron, chromium, manganese, nickel and zinc). Both herbal extracts and herbal formulations showed presence varying quantities of heavy metals. However, concentrations of heavy metals were greater in the herbal formulations as compared to herbal extracts.

Currently the population is more conscientious of the relation between health and feeding, consequence of this is the increase in the consumption of vegetables and fresh fruits. These foods had never been issue of serious concern, therefore they were considered safe. Lately, however, considering the increase of soaring related to contaminated fruits and vegetables, this idea has changed and a lot of researches are being done in order to investigate the microbiological growth, as well as products and methodologies that reduce or eliminate these contaminations.

In present study the methanolic extracts were evaluated for phytochemical composition, total Phenolic content, flavonoid content, antioxidant potential by Total antioxidant assay, and Reducing activity assay. Methanolic extracts of two traditionally used Indian medicinal plants namely Elettaria cardamomum and Ferula assa-foetida were selected for the study. Phytochemical analysis of plant extracts indicated the presence of major phyto constituents, including phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, and saponin.

The present study reports in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and stem extracts of Gymnema sylvestre. The water and water: ethanol (1:1) extracts of Gymnema sylvestre stem and leaves were screened for antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The phytochemical analysis of the above extracts was also studied to check presence of active phytochemicals like Tannins, Flavonoids, Terpenoids, Saponins, Carbohydrates, Glycosides and Phenolics.

Shelf-life of freshly harvested mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) is limited to 1-3 days at ambient temperature because they transpire at the same rate as the fruiting sporophore. Condensed water on the underside of plastic pouches causes a thin layer of moisture to persist on caps and thus supports growth of fungus which leads to the requirement of moisture absorbers to increase the shelf-life of mushrooms. The present study was conducted to determine the combined effect of packaging material and absorber on quality and shelf-life of fresh packaged mushrooms.

Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the earth’s crust and its toxicity potentially limits the growth of plants grown in acid soils. The phytotoxic effects of aluminum on the seed germination and initial growth of Schinus molle seedlings were investigated in the present study. The treatments consisted of six aluminum concentrations (0, 25, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg L-1) in the form of chloride (AlCl3) with four replicates of 12 seeds each. The majority of the evaluated variables responded in a negative quadratic form to Al concentrations.

The leaf mite, Aceria pongamiae Chan. is host specific eriophyid mite infesting pungam leaves. This mite produces foliar galls on the adaxial surface of the lamina which is either epiphyllous or hypophyllous pouch gall; mostly lopsided with a short pedicel and widened body. Galls are mostly solitary but in later stages of growth it becomes dense, masking the entire leaflet and green in colour. Biochemical analysis of the mite infested leaves revealed that there was decrease in moisture content and chlorophyll content.

Background: Type 1 diabetes previously reffered as “juvenile onset or insulin dependent” in which the pancreas fails to produce the insulin which is one of the essential hormone for regulation of blood glucose level. Most frequently developes in childhoood with highest incidence in northern European states, but is being increasingly noted later in life. When blood sugar is high, it can put too much stress on kidneys and liver, causing serious damage to the blood vessels, leading to kidney and liver disease. Liver plays a central and crucial role in regulation of carbohydrate metabolism.

Soymida febrifuga and their aried stem bark (10 gm) was extracted with different solvents and used for screening of phytochemicals. The phytochemicals are the basic constituents of medicinal plants therefore in order to know the type, nature and action of different phyto-components. In this text the stem bark of Soymida febrifuga was tested for their phytochemicals analysis and alkaloids and tannins were found. The highest concentration of tannins and alkaloids were detected in stem bark of Soymida febrifuga while carbohydrate was not found in their presence.

Pathogenic bacteria is a major health problem that causing a large number of diseases and their treatments with antibiotics lead to the appearance of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Moreovere, the use antibiotics eliminated the beneficial bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract, thus the effect of some plant extract. Three plants, Pimpinella anisum, Syzygium aromaticum and Punica granatum, used traditionally as medicine or food additive, were extracted and their inhibitory effects on four pathogenic bacteria and two genera of gut microbiota were determined.

This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of zinc deficiency on secretion of anterior pituitary hormones of male Wistar rats. Experiments were set for 2 and 4 weeks. For this study thirty albino male Wistar rats (pre-pubertal period) weighing 40-50 gm were divided into three groups: Zinc Control (ZC), Zinc Deficient (ZD) and Pair Fed (PF). ZC and PF groups were fed with 100 ppm zinc and ZD group were fed with 1.00 ppm zinc in the diet. For hormonal assay blood samples were collected from experimental group through cardiac puncture by using heparinized disposable syringe.

The health and well being of children depend upon the interaction between their genetic potential and exogenous factors like adequacy of nutrition, safety of the environment, social interaction and stimulation. Micronutrients are that nutrients needed by the body in minute amounts, play leading roles in the production of enzymes, hormones and other substances and help to regulate growth activity, development and functioning of the immune and reproductive systems. Deficiencies of micronutrients are a major global health problem.

Alternanthera hirtula is a native plant from the Pampa biome in Brazil that is threatened with extinction due to loss of suitable habitats. Thus, the in vitro clonal propagation is a useful way to produce plants for the conservation of its germoplasm and to introduce it in nature. Shoots, obtained from wild plants were used as the source of nodal segments for in vitro culture.The effect of cytokinins (6-benzylaminopurine, kinetin or thidiazuron) and carbohydrates (sucrose, fructose or glucose) on plant production was tested.

Imperative to evolve thermodynamic characteristic of Rubidium carboxylate (caprylate, caprate and laurate) apparent molar volume insight from density studies have been measured in alkanols. Limiting apparent molar volume and experimental slopes Sv tooaredetermined from Masson equation φv =φv0 + Sv . φv0 has been interpreted in terms of solute-solvent interaction. Ion-solvent interaction and solvent- solvent interaction are quite stronger in alkanols an insight in the structure making or breaking capacity of individual ions.

Niébé or cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L.)Walp.] is a grain legume which occupies an important place in african agriculture. The ripe seeds contain high levels of protein, starch, B vitamins (folic acid), and are also rich in essential trace elements (iron, calcium and zinc). Protein-rich tops are also a preferred feed the livestock. In combination or in rotation with other crops, cowpea may yield 60-70 kg / ha of fixed nitrogen for the next crop (Rachie, 1985).

Nowadays plant mediated synthesis of nanoparticles has great interest and achievement due to its eco-benign and low time consuming properties. In this study silver nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by using Morinda tinctoria leaf extract under different pH. The aqueous leaf extract was added to silver nitrate solution; the color of the reaction medium was changed from pale yellow to brown and that indicates reduction of silver ions to silver nanoparticles. Thus synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-Vis spectrophotometer.

Improvement of automated frameworks for detection of brain tumour is the real need of the clinical enhancement. A Moderate numbers of methods are introduced to analyse the biological symptoms and produce the report to be recognized by the trained professions. Conversely, the final analysis is prone to errors due because of human interpretations. Also the computer aided reports leave huge scope for multiple further diagnoses. Thus the need of a novel algorithm for predictive analysis of diseases for brain disorder is much expected.

Big data describes the collection of new information which must be made accessible to high numbers of users close to real time, based on enormous data inventories from multiple sources, with the goal of speeding up critical competitive decision-making processes. Enormous amounts of data have become available on hand to decision makers which is making analysis and decision making task much more challenging and tedious.

Design of distillation column is a crucial task and becomes even more difficult when deals with high density foaming liquids like fermented wash. Fermented wash is a high density liquid (alcohol-water mixture) produced as a product of fermentation of molasses by yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Almost 99 % of biorefinaries employ distillation for recovery and concentration of ethanol from fermented wash. Since distillation is the highly energy intensive operation, it consumes almost 60 % of the total energy consumption of any distillery.

Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems are traditionally advised by demography into annual user-specific abstracts to enable applied use. More recently, subject independent (SI) classification algorithms accept been developed which bypass the subject specific adjustment and accredit accelerated use of the system. A brain switch is a accurate BCI arrangement area the arrangement is appropriate to analyze from two abstracted brainy tasks agnate to the ON-OFF commands of a switch.

This paper introduces a low-complexity metahaustric hybrid memtic algorithm optimization based model coefficients extraction solution for digital pre-distortion (DPD) technique of radio frequency (RF) power amplifier (PA). The proposed modified memory polynomial behavioral modeling digital pre-distortion technique uses indirect learning architecture. The model requires a very low number of numerical operations per iteration, leading to considerable reduction in implementation complexity.

In this paper my main emphasis on the Pulse Detonation Engine (PDE). Pulse detonation engine (PDE) is an air-breathing combustion engine in which detonations are triggered at high frequencies through simultaneously burning and accelerating the fuel-air mixture. Pulse detonation Engine is next generation technology which will change the present aerospace propulsion techniques both in military and space flights. Aircraft will cross continents and oceans at higher speeds and efficiencies. Spacecraft launching with higher safety factors and lower costs.

Electric fields depending on tension render on biosystem as the activating and inhibiting influence. In article the effects found in cages and microbes’ communities which arise under the influence of electrostatic field, tension of 4 - 20 kV/m and the fixed time spent of cages in the field within 30 seconds which the period without influence of the field within 2 hours followed are described. The electrostatic block has been installed out of the bioreactor. Microbes mix continuously circulated between the bioreactor and the external block with electrostatic processing.

A novel, economic, and time-efficient stability-indicating, reverse-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-UPLC) method has been developed for the analysis of verapamil hydrochloride in the presence of both impurities and degradation products generated by forced degradation. When verapamil hydrochloride was subjected to acid hydrolysis, oxidative, base hydrolysis, photolytic, and thermal stress, degradation was observed only in oxidative and base hydrolysis. The drug was found to be stable to other stress conditions.

Studies on strength and ductility aspects of the concrete are constantly increasing and are one of the most developing areas in the design of concrete structures. High Performance Concrete (HPC) exhibits excellent strength and durability properties. Various factors such as adverse environment, climatic conditions, specific application, etc.demand the use of special type of concretes to meet the durability and performance requirements of infrastructures such as high rise buildings, dams, bridges, transportation terminal facilities like harbours, airports, etc.

This paper proposes a method for the detection and identification of vehicle number plate that will help in the detection of number plates of authorized and unauthorized vehicles. This paper presents an approach based on simple but efficient morphological operation and Sobel edge detection method. This approach is simplified to segmented all the letters and numbers used in the number plate by using bounding box method. After segmentation of numbers and characters present on number plate, template matching approach is used to recognition of numbers and characters.

Twitter is a fabulous source for information to keep track of latest happenings and concerns in the world. Whenever something is happening, people around the world start tweeting away. Often they include hash tags, allowing us to selectively search for tweets about a certain event or thing. Many twitter users also engage in conversations, and looking at these conversations allows us to identify leaders and frequent actors. Tweets, in their raw arrangement, while being useful, can also be devastating.

Synthesis of novel propenones (2E)-1-(C)-3-(6-methoxynaphthalen-2-yl) prop-2-en-1-one (3) by the condensation reaction. The new target compounds were analyzed for their structures using FT-IR,1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and LC-Mass further these newly synthesized compounds were screened for their anti-TB and anti-malarial agents and the results of each such studies of these synthesized compounds revealed to possess excellent activity.

We consider MHD oscillating flow of an incompressible electrically conducting non-Newtonian fluid through porous medium in a pipe under the influence of uniform magnetic field and taking Hall current into account. An investigation is made to perceive the influences of magnetic field, permeability and Hall current on the flow of non-Newtonian fluid. The closed form analytical solution is obtained making use of Fourier transform technique.

Tourism is one of the main catalysts for the community development in India. It can be used as a tool for fighting poverty. Growth of tourism in developing states, where widespread poverty exits, has paved way for policy makers to use tourism effectively to enhance Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) and eradicate poverty. It is labour intensive businesses which need people from different strata of society and results in increasing Economical Multiplier Effect (EME).

Societies contantly facing Plastic solid waste (PSW) challenges and finding opportunities of their sustainability awareness and technological advances. Stonedust used as reinforcing material (filler) with addative stearic acid for processing. Stonedust added with recycled polymer in different proportions and its effect as a filler on thermal properties of recycled polymer was studied using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) test. Addition of stonedust not disturbed its remarkable thermal properties and shows negligible effect of binder on Tg and Tm values.

The present study aims at investigating the effect of Faradarmani lifestyle on aggression in female players of Iranian Basketball League. The statistical population of the study included all the female players of the 2015-16 Iranian Basketball League season. 40 players voluntarily participated in the present study. They were randomly divided into two groups of 20 people each, i.e. experimental and control groups. First, the objectives of the study were fully elaborated to the officials, coaches, and players as well.

The present study aimed at investigating the impact of ultra-therapy [Faradarmani] and lavender supplementation on the markers of DOMS in young girls. The statistical population of the study incorporated healthy young girls who have not done regular physical activities during the last year. 48 girls were selected among volunteers as the samples of the study. They were randomly divided into four groups: ultra-therapy group (12 participants), lavender supplementation group (12 participants), ultra-therapy and lavender supplementation group (12 participants), and control group.

This descriptive research was conducted to determine the adversity quotient of the students in Bachelor of Science in Computer Science (BSCS) at Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus. Respondents of the study were the four hundred nineteen (419) out of five hundred ninety four (594) or 70.53 percentBSCS students enrolled during the first semester of school year 2015 - 2016. A modified standardized instrument, Adversity Quotient questionnaire was used in this study. Results showed that regardless of the grouping, students had “Below Average” adversity quotient.

Evaluation of the website followed after its development to get an idea on how far the website attained. From the evaluation of the developers, the website got an overall mean score of 4.30 and was interpreted as excellent, the experts rated the website and got an overall mean score of 4.31 and was interpreted as excellent and the last evaluation from the heads of the different offices of LGU Salcedo got an overall mean score of 4.48 and was interpreted as excellent. From the evaluation, the researchers concluded that the website was technically and operationally effective.

The paper deals with the systematic description of Glossopteris taenioides from Barakar Formation, Early Permian of Prakasham Khani Open Cast Mine II, Manuguru Area, Telangana, India. Earlier the species was reported from the Karharbari and Raniganj formations of lower Gondwana deposits of India. However, this is the first detailed systematic investigation of G. taenioides from the Barakar Formation, Early Permian, lower Gondwana deposits in the area.

The paper presents the applied of kaizen and support the competitive advantage of industrial companies – Khartoum state. The researcher tested the following hypothesis: There are significant relationship between applied the kaizen and support the competitive advantage of industrial companies -Khartoum state. The study reached some findings from which: In competitive environment, kaizen may be used as a better way of working for change and continuous cost improvement, kaizen Contributes to support the competitive advantage of industrial companies - Khartoum State.

Interactive media is a collection of text, audio, video, animations, graphics, sound etc. used to create a proper communication channel in between the user and computer. In other words, it is the use of technology in the field of education to facilitate easy and proper learning and also to make the learning efficient and interesting. The use of interactive media has really revolutionised the field of education. Its use has really increased the area as well as utility of education.

Du-Pont Chart is an operationally useful tool for evaluating profitability of the business activities. Analytic chain in this chart is developed along with two-tier i.e. profit margin and assets turnover. The operating efficiency i.e. profitability of ACC Ltd.

The research was conducted to evaluate cloud computing in Ghana; Benefits and contribution to organisational performance in the Techiman Municipality. In all, sixty (60) questionnaire was distributed to Fiagya Rural Bank and Aspet ‘A’ Company limited. The study used the systematic random sampling and probability sampling techniques to ensure that participants were accessible throughout the period of study. Within this research work, the descriptive research type was used.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a vital role in a nation’s development and economic growth. However, in spite of their contributions SMEs are criticized for their high rate of bankruptcy which was caused by the non-performing loan (NPL) and default problem. This study is conducted with the aim of assessing the relationship between money attitude dimensions towards loan default and moderated by religiosity among Muslim Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). The theoretical underpinning Plan Behavior and Default Behavior serves as the basis framework of this study.

In the professional sphere, women still face multiple inequalities. By detecting, evaluating and removing it, the audit is the key to a real workplace equality. This article analyzes the correlation between the audit approach and the implementation of workplace equality and assesses the situation of equality at work and firm practices promoting it. 375 women and men working in private enterprises of all sectors responded to our empirical comparative investigation of the Moroccan and French contexts.

The this research aims to determine the way in which variations in the exchange rate affect the operations and financial results of the companies micro and small enterprises located in the urban area of the border city of Mexicali, Baja California, to making acquisitions abroad. Design research is descriptive, experimental, and transverse. Using as an instrument of measuring a questionnaire that is applied to 80 companies that perform operations on currency foreign.

Turkey oak (Quercuscerris) is one of the 18 oak species that spread naturally in Turkey. Turkey oaks have been found to be particularly sensitive to soil drought. The growth and the survival of oak juveniles are influenced by water availability. The goal of this study is to determine the drought and silvicultural effects on crown dieback, branch mortality and chancing biodiversity on the coppice forests of central Anatolia in Turkey.

The objective of the study is to evaluate the causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth in Nigeria for the period of 1980 to 2014. The study employed the analysis of Johansen co-integration and VAR-based techniques. A long run relationship exists among the variables. The result shows that in the long run, electricity consumption has a similar movement with economic growth, following the positivity hypothesis. The Granger causality test reveals that there is a unidirectional causal relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth.

The Algerian female author, Ahlam Mosteghanemi, wrote the trilogy Dhakirat Al Jasad, Fawdha Al Hawas and AbirSaririn Arabic.The first two volumes, Memory in the Flesh and Chaos of the Senses, were translated into English by BariaAhmer. In my analysis of these twonovels, I wish to discuss the relationship between art and politics in Algeria, focussing on body disability and the destabilisation of boundaries between reality and artin the context of postcolonial Algeria.

Biodiversity is defined as the “diversity of life on Earth.” This paper provides evidence to support the case for protecting biodiversity. Biodiversity is recognized as important but can often be overlooked or given a lesser weightage. This is partly because decision-making involves weighing costs and benefits and it is difficult to include biodiversity in this because its value is either overlooked or not understood. Therefore, valuation of diversity becomes necessary therefore to illustrate the importance of biodiversity.

Adolescence is a stage of maturity on the purview of physical, psychological, emotional, and social domain. The developmental task at the stage of adolescence is to create the identity free from role confusion. This stage is considered to be a period of turmoil in the life span of development in an individual. In the existing scenario the psychological wellbeing of the adolescence can be upgraded with the facilitating involvement of the parent and incessant social support.

Business-It alignment is ranked the number one of IT and Business executives concern. Having alignment has been found to lead to stronger business performance, higher perceived value of IT and improved IS strategic planning. However measuring this alignment is still ambiguous. The economic growth in morocco in the last decade has led to greater availability of IT as a critical resource. Despite the increasing interest in Moroccan IS issues by researchers and practitioners, empirical research focusing on Business-IT strategy alignment are limited.

The effects of budget deficits on different units of the economy are one of the topics that are often discussed in the economic literature. One of the most critical discussions in theliterature is theeffect of budget deficits on economic growth. There are different thoughts among economists regarding the impact of budget deficits on economic growth. According to Keynesian economists, while budget deficits have had a positive impact on economic growth, neo-classical economists have argued that there is a relation between budget deficit and economic growth inversely.

Agriculture soils of any country significantly contribute to the greenhouse effect primarily through the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG’S) like methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2). The climate change risk in Asia may impact Indo-Gangetic plains (IGP) which may be affected greatly by the melting of Himalayan glaciers. The dominant land use by farming community in the IGP is rice-wheat cropping system. CH4 emission depends on crop, growth season, fertilizer application and prevailing environmental conditions of the region.

The purpose of the study was to compare the physical activity index between Indian and Foreign male students of Delhi State. To achieve the objective of the study, two hundred (N=200) Indian male students and two hundred (N=200) Foreign male students between 17 to 25 years were selected conveniently and purposely from the regular students of different Universities and colleges of Delhi State as subjects. Physical activity index Questionnaire (B. Mayfield, Personal Nutritional Department, 2006) was used to assess physical activity index of students.

Coming to terms with the death of a loved one is one of life’s most challenging journeys. When it is suicide, family members and friends can experience an even more complex kind of grief. While trying to cope with the pain of their sudden loss, they are overwhelmed by feelings of blame, anger and incomprehension. Adding to their burden is the stigma that still surrounds suicide. The present paper tries to analyse the impact of suicide on the life of the wife who is left behind.

Flood situation (September 2014) in Jhelum River radically changed its water quality status from pre to post flood season due to both natural as well as anthropogenic sources. The aim of this study is to highlight the positive as well as negative consequences of catastrophic floods particularly the physico-chemical and heavy metal characteristics of river water. River Jhelum water samples were assessed for physico-chemical characteristics (pH, Temp.

The phenomenon of social change has been present in every existing society at all times. As modernity embarked, many communities have undergone changes by the forces of social change. The present paper titled ‘Impact of Social Change on Community- A Case Study of the Snake Charmers (Sapua Kela) of Padmakesharipur, Odisha’ attempts to find the impact of social change and occupational transition of the community. The research uses exploratory research design. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used for collecting data.

It is highly significant that the skills of the teachers in this globalised and standardized world should be updated up to the expectations of their wards/students in the classroom. As this profession seemed to be highly challenging and risky where the participants are technology driven, language teachers working in schools should be highly proficient and competent as for as communicable English is concerned. Mushroom growth of technological devices has paved the way for vast knowledge enrichment by the learner community.

Depreciation is necessary to be allowed to compute income over a period of time therefore, there always was a legislative intention to use both words 'use and used' when the Income-Tax Act was passed in the year 1961. The paper would explore the evolution of ‘user test’ and allowance of depreciation under the Section 32 of the Income Tax Act, 1961. We have analysed in the paper the various areas dealing with user test and tried to understand the legislative intention when the Act was passed in dealing with the connotations “used” and “ready to use”.

Nigeria’s Public universities massively depend on government funding to run their affairs. However, the funding continuously becomes scarcer as the universities continuously growing in relation to student enrolments and establishments of new departments and faculties. It becomes a concern to the government about how these universities utilise their resources and do their goals really delivered as expected?

Weedy rice (Oryza sativa f. spontanea) (WR) is widely distributed in rice growing areas in all climatic zones in Sri Lanka and shows spatial distribution and genetic affinities to cultivated rice. The present study attempts to relate the agro-morphological and molecular data to the distribution pattern/s of WR populations in different climatic zones. WR eco-types were collected from five different locations in twelve districts representing Wet, Dry and Intermediate zones. Five replicates of each eco-type planted in plastic pots and arranged in CRD.

Weedy Rice (WR) competes with cultivated rice and leads to loss of yield. The differential growth responses of WR and cultivated rice to increasing CO2 are important in controlling and managing WR. The effect of changing atmospheric CO2 concentrations on growth responses of WR-biotypes and cultivated rice (CR) using three WR biotypes (Wet, Intermediate and Dry climatic zones) and cultivated rice variety Bg300 in a growth chamber with varying concentrations of CO2 (300, 400 and 500 µmol mol-1 24 hd−1) was tested.

The goal of deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis is prevention of mortality and multiple other major or minor complications resulting from venous thromboembolic events. Many guidelines have been proposed and available for ready reference and are also rigidly followed in patients undergoing knee arthroplasties. The medicolegal ramifications of obviating the deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis is immense. We take a review of all the available medications and treatments modalities including mechanical devices in the present article.

A randomized, double blind, pilot clinical study was performed to compare the effectiveness of a herbal – based test toothpaste on reduction of existing plaque, gingivitis and extrinsic dental stains with a normal commercially available fluoridated toothpaste, over six weeks. 40 subjects were instructed to brush twice daily with the assigned toothpaste (either of the toothpaste) and toothbrush using modified bass method of brushing and refrain from other unassigned forms of oral hygiene aids. No prophylaxis was undertaken prior to commencement of the study.

According to report of the National Initiative for Allied Health Sciences (NIAHS), there is a total national shortage of approximately 64 lakh AHPs (Allied Health Professionals) with highest gaps in the states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh. Effective delivery of healthcare services depends largely on the nature of education, training and appropriate orientation towards community health of all categories of medical and health personnel and their capacity to function as an integrated team.

Breaking bad news is a difficult task for all physicians and an important part of the patient doctor relationship; yet medical education offers little formal preparation for a daunting task. Due to deficiencies in training, physician discomfort can lead to internal conflicts for health care providers and disengage them from patients emotionally. Poor communication significantly impact patient and family perspective on illness, resulting in increased stress and anxiety, poor adjustment, high rates of post-traumatic stress, and poorer health outcomes.

Objective: A medication for the treatment of microlesions caused by human papillomavirus or due to dryness of the vaginal mucosa. Intended purpose: A protective ointment forming, due to its properties, a protective barrier contributing to the treatment of intraepithelial lesions caused by HPV /papillomavirus/, improving the healing process. Indications: Spectrum of activity with respect to: Lipid coated viruses: Human Papillomavirus, Herpes Simplex virus type 1, Herpes Simplex virus type 2.

Acute appendicitis is a common surgical emergency. The histopathological diagnosis of a classic suppurative appendicitis is usually made by the presence of neutrophils in the muscularis propria. "Acute eosinophilic appendicitis" is a rare variant of acute appendicitis. It clinically mimics acute suppurative appendicitis and is characterised by a grossly inflammed edematous appendix, but with the absence of neutrophils in the muscle layer. The clinical significance of this less understood variant of acute appendicitis is that these patients seldom proceed on to suppuration prior to surgery.

Background: The cell has developed mechanisms for maintaining hemostasis in defense from unfavorable external and internal influences. Apoptosis with its internal and external signaling pathways is one of those mechanisms. Failure of these mechanisms results in diseases of which the most serious are malignant diseases. Oncogenes which suppress apoptosis are bcl-2 and bclx1and c-myc, as opposed to bax, bad and bid which enhance apoptosis and which are encountered in lymphoma and which are incorporated into external and internal signaling pathway of apoptosis.

This article describes the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) systems bydesigning and implementation of a modified cooling system for MRI Scanner to enhance Image Quality. The diagnostic MRI scanner based on heat exchanger technology to achieve sharper images by implementing the new cooling system on a 1.5T and 3T diagnostic scanner at our King Abdulaziz University Hospital and investigate the results of MRI scans obtained from fat saturation and gradient echo sequences.

This research refers to the case study of a patient, a male college student, who was given psychotherapeutic care. Initially, the patient self-referral to the Mental Health area, which is a service permanently offered by the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, through the Research Center in Medical Sciences (CICMED). The process of the case allowed analyzing the administrative procedure that operates in the CICMED and the process between this and the educational establishment in which the patient studied.

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the results of FNAC and CNB in breast masses with HPE in MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of 130 cases having palpable breast lumps collected from our outpatients department during the period september, 2013 to june, 2015. FANC, CNB and surgical biopsies were done by the surgeon and their results were compared. Results: The correct diagnosis in FNAC was 116 (89.23%) cases, while the correct diagnosis in CNB was 118 (90.77%).

The present study focuses on the adjustment level of the students of Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University (HNBGU), Srinagar Garhwal. This Indian Central University is located in the hilly region of Garhwal which is a difficult terrain for many plain region students. The study compares adjustment level between two groups of university students. First is the “Non-migrated group” consisting of those students who belong to hilly regions of Garhwal and had done their schooling and graduation from hilly regions of Garhwal only.

The present study aims to determine the optimum extraction conditions for Prunus armeniace seeds and test their effectiveness against a group of pathogenic bacteria.

Introduction: Enteric fever is a systemic febrile illness caused by Salmonella species, which includes Salmonella entrica serovar Typhi and Salmonella entrica serovar paratyhi A, B or C respectively. Material and Method: This was a community based, retrospective study, conducted in Department of Microbiology, Jaipur National University Institute for Medical Science and Research centre (JNUIMSRC) from August’ 2015 to July’ 2016. A total of 268 samples were included in this study.

Ophthalmomyiasis can have variable presentation depending on the type of fly, structures involved, and level of penetration. Here we present a rare case, seen in a 60-year-old male patient with extensive myiasis of the right eye. A lesion of 4×2.5 cm was noted from the medial canthus to lateral canthus, and was infested with maggots. The larvae were removed meticulously and the wound debrided. The larva isolated was that of Musca domestica (housefly). M.R.I was done, hyperintense soft tissues swelling was seen in right orbito-naso frontal region.

Status Epilepticus (SE), a common medical emergency with significant mortality and morbidity ranging from 3-50 % in different studies. Seizures lasting for more than 5 minutes should be treated as for convulsive status epilepticus. Pathophysiological mechanisms have revealed that it is a dynamic and evolving process. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is status epilepticus without obvious tonic–clonic activity. Patients with NCSE have altered mental state.

Statement of problem: This study was designed to compare the marginal discrepancy of zirconia copings (Ziecon) with heavy chamfer, shoulder and rounded shoulder finish line, pre and post-cementation to provide clinicians a guideline for tooth preparation and cementation.

Background: Hemivertebra is a common congenital problem resulting in varied deformities of the spine. Etiopathogenesis of hemivertebra is still not clear. But the spectrum of cases resulting from hemivertebra pose a clinical challenge especially in growing skeleton. The progression of deformity also depends upon part of spine involved. The treatment can be conservative or surgical. Multiple factors are taken into consideration before embarking on any treatment modality.

Antenatal women with ultrasound detected anomalous fetus, attending OP at the Department of obstetrics and gynecology, Govt Rajaji Hospital, Madurai were admitted for evaluation. The purpose of the study is to find out the incidence of congenital anomalies. Among the 3261 antenatal cases, 63 cases of anomalous fetus were detected. The overall incidence of congenital malformation is 1.9%. central nervous system was the most commonly affected system among the lethal anomaly (27%). Isolated renal PCS dilatation was the most common non lethal anomaly.

Aim: The aim of the study is to analyze and compare the long term effect of tobacco on salivary Flowrate and pH among tobacco Chewers, Smokers and Controls. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 60 patients, categorized into three sub groups of 20 non-tobacco users, 20 Tobacco chewers and 20 Tobacco smokers. Salivary flowrate was measured using graduated tubes and pH of salivary flowrate using pH strips. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA. Probability value .05 is considered as statistically significant.

Patella fractures constitute about 1% of all skeletal injuries and are seen frequently in the age range of 20-50 years. The purpose of our study to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of anterior tension band wire technique with two cannulated cancellous screws in patients with transverse patella fractures. This is a prospective study of 18 patients with transverse fracture or transverse fracture with mild communation patella fractures were treated in VSS institute of medical sciences and research from November 2014 to November 2016. There were 12 male (66%) and 6 female (33.3%).

Objective: The emergence of Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in recent times has become a serious threat to public health due to the high mortality, potential dissemination rates and limited availability of effective treatment options. Aims/objective: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence rate of CRE in ICU settings at Lakeshore hospital & research centre Kochi –Kerala.

Intrauterine contraceptive device is commonly used method of contraception worldwide. IUCD insertion though a very safe method may be associated with complications. The present case report is about a 42-year-old female with recurrent dysuria. Investigations revealed hydroureteronephrosis with non-functioning kidney due to migrated IUCD in abdominal cavity leading to extramural compression of left ureter. Migration of IUCD is a known complication but migration leading to compression of ureter leading to non-functioning of kidney.

Objective: To estimate the incidence and distribution of common acute eye diseases amongst pilgrims during Hajj 2016 in Makkah City, Saudi Arabia by age, nationality and gender. Method: An exploratory descriptive cross-sectional incidence survey was done. We surveyed about156 patients who presented to the ophthalmology clinic at the 3 main hospitals: Al-Noor Hospital, King Faisal Hospital, and King Abdullah Medical City in Makkah city, during the time period of 2/09/2015 to 15/09/2016 (1/12/1437H to 14/12/1437 H). Patients received thorough eye examination and management.

Objective: An acute pulmonary embolism is formed sudden obstructions in some pulmonary arterial and thrombus that cause these obstructions comes mostly from deep leg or pelvis veins. Acute pulmonary embolism with incomplete resolution is observed frequently and chronic thromboembolism can result in pulmonary hypertension. Our purpose in this study is to evaluate the frequency and markers of chronic thromboembolism pulmonary hypertension(CTEPH) and the demographic and clinical features of acute pulmonary embolism patients.

Endodontic success in teeth with the number of canals above that normally found requires a correct diagnosis and careful inspection.The root canal treatment of a mandibular molar with aberrant canal configuration can be diagnostically and technically challenging. A left mandibular first molar requiring root canal treatment was found to have three separate mesial canals. This case demonstrates an extraordinary anatomical configuration in mandibular first molars.

Introduction: In the last decade, an increasing number of researches and studies focusing on the impact of oral deformities, malocclusion and illnesses on quality of life and self esteem have been published. Goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of malocclusion (protrusion) on the self esteem in adolescents. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate and compare the effects of malocclusion on self esteem in adolescents. Materials and Methods: The study sample consisted of 60 adolescents, 30 males and 30 females (mean age 18 to 24 years).

The incidence of head and neck cancer in India is variable. One of the major roles of the oral and maxillofacial surgeon is that of diagnostician. Maxillofacial surgeons are called upon to evaluate and diagnose a wide variety of conditions affecting the oral cavity, jaws and head and neck. This case report emphasizes on the need for early diagnosis and role of chemotherapy and radiation therapy on advance lesions.

Background: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for resolution of co-morbidities of obesity as well as weight loss. The concept of banding the neo-stomach in sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGB) was proposed to combat insufficient weight loss or weight regain due to pouch dilation. The aim of the study is to know the efficacy of non adjustable gastric band in weight loss outcomes of banded sleeve gastrectomy (BLSG) and banded roux-en-y gastric bypass (BLRYGB) and comparing them to the outcomes of LSG and LRYGB respectively.

The present study was a surface survey that determined the level of knowledge of risk factors for depression possessed by hospitalized elderly patients with depressive cases in teaching hospitals in Southeast Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. A total of 200 eligible participants were studied. Data was collected through interview method and questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis.

Presently the problem of the global warming is becoming the main issue of the world as well as the country which results increase in temperature and decrease in rainfall both in amount and distribution. This unreliable rainfall and desertification in turn reduce the production return from the existing limited natural resource. This problem is becoming the main constraint for development and increasing agricultural production. Besides increase in population is another constraint which needs special mechanism to facilitate food availability for the rapid increasing population.

According to Self-determination theory, satisfaction of the needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness promotes well-being (Deci & Ryan, 2002).The present research was done to study the need satisfaction of adolescent girls in relation to perceived parental characteristics. Asample of 16-18 years old adolescent girls (n=100) randomly selected from private schools of Kathua district, Jammu & Kashmir, India was included in the sample. The sample was divided into two groups i.e.

Fishes are very sensitive to the changes in their aquatic environment. For this reason, they are known as the bio-indicator species to monitor the water pollution. Organophosphate pesticides are widely used amidst various group of pesticide in intensive agricultural practices to protect the crops from various pest and diseases owing to their high insecticidal property, low mammalian toxicity, low persistence and rapid biodegradability in the ecosystem.

It has been study the effect of low molecular weight components of colostrum (LMCC) on some parameters of immune system and prooxidant-antioxidant system on the model of Cu-induced liver fibrosis. For the induction of liver fibrosis in rats were injected copper sulphate intraperitoneally three times successively at a dose 33% of lethal in rats. It is shown that the most marked changes in the initial stages of development of fibrosis manifested at the level of pro-antioxidant system, which is correlated with a change in the pattern of immunological parameters.

Changes in brown rice and milled rice based snacks product at ambient condition for three months storage where, high density polyethylene (HDPE) pouches were used for packaging of brown rice and milled rice snacks. Storage period had significant effect on the moisture content on brown rice snacks was high as compared with milled rice snacks. Free fatty acid content of brown rice snacks was remained in acceptable range. While milled rice snack showed low values for free fatty acids whereas brown rice extruded snack had higher values of free fatty acids.

This study was carried out to the effects of supplementation of phytase enzyme to free-range layer diets on performance and egg quality traits. In the trial, at 48 wk old 152 Lohman Brown layers were divided into 3 dietary treatments with 2 replicates. Diets were fed 8 wk periods. Basal diets with 16, 75% crude protein and 2795 kcal/kg metabolisable energy were used. Three dietary treatments were formed as followed; (1) control group diet had 0 FTU/kg with phytase (T1), (2) T2 group diet had 250 FTU/kg phytase and (3) T3 group diet had 500 FTU/kg phytase.

Background: Urinary tract infections are the most common infections after upper respiratory tract infections E. coli caused 20% of urinary tract infection and it was responsible for 1/3 of the infections. Nanoparticles (NPs) in general have many properties that are different from those of traditionally used materials. They have dimensions typically below 100 nm, which allows them to reach specific sites inside the body and even to be permeable to tissues and cells.

Numbers of population studies have linked elevated concentration of Total Cholesterol or Low density lipid (LDL) cholesterol in plasma with increased incidence of atherosclerotic events. In India, for instance the leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam are claimed to posses’ cholesterol-reducing effect and are used to treat patients with heart disease and obesity. In this direction, leaves of Moringa oleifera, a leguminous forage tree can be a good unconventional feed supplement for animals and its effect on blood parameters was studied in this experiment.

Malnutrition is a long-term year round phenomenon due to chronic inadequacies in food intake combined with high levels of illness. Malnutrition is the most common health problem affecting both children and adults. Malnutrition is a physical condition or process that results from the interaction of inadequate diet and infection and is most commonly reflected in poor infant growth, reduced cognitive development, anemia, and blindness in those suffering severe micronutrient deficiency, and excess morbidity and mortality in children.

The study entitled “Constraints of the handloom entrepreneur weavers of Thiruvananthapuram and Kannur district” was undertaken with the objective to identify the constraints of the entrepreneur handloom weavers. Thiruvananthapuram (TVPM) and Kannur (KNR) districts of Kerala were purposively selected for conducting the study. 150 respondents each from Thiruvananthapuram and Kannur districts were selected by stratified random sampling technique. Delphi technique with some modifications was used to identify the constraints.

Aim: Nitric oxide, the second messenger is found to be the main factor involved in endothelial dysfunction and its level is found to be altered in hypertensive states. The aim is to elucidate the association between serum NO levels and essential hypertension and to compare with normal individuals. Materials and Methods: The study sample is comprised of 150 unrelated essential hypertensive patients and130 apparently healthy normotensive controls.

Wheat is the third staple food crop of Nepal and it has many constraints for successful production among them time of planting and foliar blight are the major constraints. Previously foliar blight was the problems of only plan region but now days the severity of foliar blight gradually increasing year after year in hills of Nepal also. In order to identify the high yielder, late sown condition foliar blight tolerant wheat genotypes for Terai of Nepal, an experiment was carried out at National Wheat Research Program, Bhairahawa during 2013-2014.

The present investigation was carried out in the laboratory of Department of Horticulture Khalsa College, Amritsar during the year 2015-16. The fruits of semi-soft pear(Pyrus communis) cv. Punjab Beauty were harvested from the healthy trees at physiologically mature stage in the last week of July from a well maintained Govt. Orchard and Nursery, Attari Distt, Amritsar and were packed in CFB and wooden boxes and kept under cold storage at 0° to 3.3°C and 90% relative humidity.

Background: Oral administration of peptide hormones like insulin is challenging due to its structural instability, which is often broken by the digestive enzymes and other environmental factors during absorption in the intestine. The present study deals with the protective effect of the herbal drug Desmodium gangeticum on the stability of the peptide hormone, insulin, in oral dosage. Hypothesis: Herbal extract of Desmodium gangeticum increase the oral stability of insulin for Diabetes treatment.

Effects of different concentrations of zinc and arsenic on germination, root and shoot growth, dry weight of root and shoot and changes in content of total chlorophyll, carotenoids, total sugar and protein of Physalis minima L. was studied. The lower concentration of zinc has beneficial effect but application of higher level of zinc has an adverse effect. Arsenic reduced the percentage of germination, root and shoot length and dry weight of root and shoot. Total chlorophyll, carotenoids, sugar and protein were also affected by arsenic and their contents were decreased.

Problems of Municipal Solid Waste Management are increasing day by day with the increase of population, urbanization and industrialization. Our Indian Prime minister declared the Swachha Bharat Abhiyan to reduce the waste management problems in India. All the states of India are participating it to success it. Patan was also participated in to reduce the problems in Patan but due to some reasons, problems are not reducing. The present study was carried out in Zinipol area of Patan by being a mediator of Patan Nagar Palika and Public.

Here, inventory model of a deteriorating item during its seasonal time is considered where lifetime of an item has an upper limit. Rate of deterioration increases with time and depends on the duration of lifetime left. It is assumed that duration of the season of the item is imprecise in nature in non-stochastic sense, i.e., fuzzy in nature. Demand of the item is price dependent and unit cost of item is time dependent.

The aim of the task is to study the stress-strain state cylinders coated bulky devices subjected to the joint action of pressure and temperature changes during operation. The published papers in this problem the combined effect of the external pressure and temperature differential cylinder coated bulky devices are not considered. In this task, the system consists of a cylinder main relatively thick cylinder and a thin inner coating of another material such as a cylinder is subjected to external pressure and asymmetrical temperature field.

The biodegradation process was investigated using an isolated single bacterial culture of P. putida. The P. putida was able to reduced 75-80% pollution load within 48 hrs under aerobic condition as term of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in River Water containing Phenol (RWP)). Obtained data showed that P. putida was potent bacterial culture for RWP treatment. The influence of three process parameters such as temperature (20-500C), pH (4-9) and agitation speed (30-150 rpm) influenced the rate of biodegradation extent.

The connecting rod is the most important part of an automotive engine. It is intermediate member between the piston and the crankshaft. Usually connecting rod is made of using steel for production engine, or cast iron for application such as motor scooters. By changing the material we can increase the performance of the engine and reduce the weight of the connecting rod. The present work has been carried out to replace the existing connecting rod made of forged steel with Al2014 with sic material. A parametric model of conrod is designed using CREO software.

In this paper we give bounds for the number of zeros of a polynomial in a disk when the coefficients of the polynomial are restricted to certain conditions. Our results generalize many known results in this direction and many other new results can also be obtained by a suitable choice of the parameters. Mathematics Subject Classification: 30C10, 30C15.

Due to the globalization in which companies are inserted today, competition is inevitable and a constant threat. In addition, customers are increasingly demanding and resources increasingly scarce. In this context, a competitive advantage is established when meeting the requirements of the clients: speed, punctuality and flexibility. Companies are increasingly attentive to customer needs and have begun investing in production management techniques to ensure the reliability of their products and services.

The infotainment system is in the vehicle information system, and provides multiple functions such as navigation and multimedia systems, working in parallel with the moving vehicle. The most important factor to consider while designing such an interface is driver safety, even before improving the systems functionality and the other features. This paper proposes a literature survey on various user interface designs for an infotainment system, by taking the advantages of some existing infotainment systems and proposing the best among them.

This paper provides a simple heuristic algorithm to minimize utilization time for specially structured n-job and 2-machine flow shop scheduling problem with jobs in a string of disjoint job blocks in which the processing times are associated with probabilities including transportation time. Usually in machine scheduling models it is assumed that the jobs are delivered instantaneously from one point to another without taking into account the transportation time involved therein.

In this paper, an algorithm is presented to perform critical path analysis in an intuitionistic fuzzy environment. Here, the arc lengths are assigned triangular intuitionistic fuzzy numbers. Ranking procedures are applied on intuitionistic fuzzy numbers to find the critical path and an illustrative example is given to demonstrate the proposed method.

In this age of exponential technology development and relentless globalization, innovation and entrepreneurship have become the prime drivers of economic growth. Thus the role of Technology Business Incubators (TBIs) as part of the system of innovation has become all the more important for the transformation of technological ideas into commercial benefits.

Introduction: In the history of humanity, there has always been a search for measures and enjoyable ways, balanced and beautiful. Therefore, professionals had to adapt to the modern world, thus highlighted the value from the perspective of facial aesthetic treatment plan, said the concept of the modern world values beautiful teeth and a nice smile. Objective: The objective of this study was to present through literature review, the study of the golden ratio or divine proportion applied in dental aesthetics, their versatility and assistance to dentistry.

The study aimed to determine the financial behaviour, attitude and fitness of the faculty members and Non-teaching personnel of Eastern Samar State University Salcedo Campus during the school year 2015-2016. Descriptive-correlation survey method of research was used in the study to determine the association of financial behaviour, financial attitudes and financial fitness of the employees in ESSU Salcedo Campus.

Curriculum innovation is a welcome idea. This is most acceptable since the society which the curriculum content is made to serve is dynamic in nature. The issue of implementing the new ideas brought into the curriculum content is now the bone of contention. The ability of the curriculum implementers to adapt to changes easily will be of help towards achieving this new idea. Teaching and technical personnel are in the forefront in achieving the curriculum objectives. The paper therefore looks at the way the working personnel can be placed in job positions in technology education.

For the purpose of the study, sixty (N=60) national level male players of contact games (twenty for each game i.e., football, hockey and basketball) and sixty (N=60) national level male players of non-contact games (twenty for each game i.e., volleyball, cricket and baseball) from Chandigarh were selected as subjects of the study by using purposive sampling technique. The age of the subjects ranged between 19-25 years.

Assessing the regional economic integration taking as a case study the Economic Community of West African (ECOWAS), we set off to empirically validate its essence in terms of benefits to its member countries in relation to the possible factors that might determine these benefits so as rationalize the decision to belong in an economic integration.

Teaching strategies in motivating EFL learners should be seen as an important aspect of teacher classroom practice. There are empirical research findings that identify effective teacher motivational strategies (Dörnyei and Csizér's, 1998; Dörnyei, 2001; Cheng and Dörnyei, 2008; Sugita and Takeuchi, 2010; Ruesh et al., 2012; Wong, 2013). These studies examine the issue of motivational strategies mainly from a quantitative stand point. Qualitative investigations that identify the types of the teacher’s utterances that are used as motivational strategies in classroom discussions are scarce.

Interest rate is the closely watched variable in the economy, their movements are reported almost daily by news media because they directly affect our everyday lives and have important consequence for the health of the economy and it is important macroeconomic variables for economic growth, they affect personal decisions such as whether to consume or to save, whether to buy a house and whether to purchase bonds or put funds into a saving account.

This study explored the association between Academic Self-efficacy, Academic Help-seeking Behaviour and student Achievement on a sample of 600 secondary school students. Academic Self-efficacy is a person's belief in his/her ability to succeed in an academic situation. Academic help-seeking behaviour is 'seeking others help' at the time when one faces difficulties or uncertainty in the course of his/her education in classroom. Achievement is the accomplishment or acquired proficiency in the performance of an individual with respect to a given knowledge or skill.

The purpose of this research was to determine how print instructional design influences learner participation in distance education programme. Five areas that constitute design were studied. These included: clarity of instructions, interactivity of content, presence of icons, presence of self-assessment exercises and presence statement of objectives. The target population was 554 students in their final year of study in the Bachelor of Education programme by distance learning of University of Nairobi..

Trichoderma fungi are the main pathogens of biocontrol agents used in agriculture. The isolation and in vitro selection of these antagonistic fungi are essential steps in establishing biological control programs and the composition of commercial products. This study aimed to identify, evaluate and select Trichoderma spp. for biological control of plant pathogens of agronomic importance. The antagonist potential of eighteen Trichoderma isolates was tested with Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Alternariaalternata, Ceratocystis fimbriata, Fusarium oxysporum and Phoma sp.

There is an inseparable relationship between modern educational technology and university teaching management. The management should be supposed to make a difference with the development of the educational technology. Only by applying the modern educational technology to establish a system of university teaching management that is efficient and adapt to the current environment could university ensure the normal conduction of the teaching management.

The present study analyzes the role of inflation and money supply in India’s current account deficit and fiscal deficit and assume that fiscal deficit and current account deficit move together. The long run relationship exists between current account deficit and fiscal deficit and money supply & inflation are mediating variables which affect current account balance. The research covers the period from 2000-01 to 2014-15.

Environment pollution is a wide-reaching problem and it is likely to influence the health of human populations is great. This paper provides the insight view about the effects of environment pollution in the perspective of air pollution, water and land/soil waste pollution on human by diseases and problems, animals and trees/plants. Study finds that these kinds of pollutions are not only seriously affecting the human by diseases and problems but also the animals and trees/plants.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases globally. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the troublesome complication. But exact pathogenesis is not yet known. Studies showing association between duration of DM with severity of neuropathy are less in number. Hence, present study was aimed to compare conduction velocities and amplitudes of sensory-motor nerves of upper limbs in healthy controls and patients with type 2 DM of varying duration and to correlate these parameters with duration of disease.

Aims: Is to determine whether web-based education in anatomy is a practical, effective and implementable study aid for medical students. Materials and Methods: An interactive website with a built in Learning Management system was designed. All I MBBS students (2015-16batch) of Sri Ramachandra medical college, Porurwere registered as users. A wide bouquet of e –learning content in the form of power point presentations, interactive lessons with audio narrations, videos, multiple choice quizzes, high resolution digital microphotographs, question banks were uploaded to the interactive website.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
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Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
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Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
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Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
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Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari