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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

June 2017

The aim of this study was to scrutinize influence of different salt affected soil classes on TN, Av.P and Av.K in the study area. A total 400 soil samples were collected from two soil depth (0-20 and 20-40 cm) using systematic sampling technique. Then, salinity and sodicity parameters for all soils were analyzed. Based on analytical results, the study area was classified into 6 mapping units were indentified from both soil types. Standard procedures were employed for the analyses of soil parameters.

This research aims to shed light on the issue of the employment of digital resources for the benefit of the learner in Morocco from the perspective of teachers and managers, focusing on the diagnosis of the barriers that interfere with the use of the information and communication technology’s infrastructure in the institutions of public secondary education. The conducted field research aimed at finding out the perspectives of the professors and directors of these institutions.

Project is one-off task that has specific objective and accomplished under the restriction of choice, time and quality. The construction of public buildings require the coordinated efforts of large number of professionals and organizations, these are critical to the successful delivery of the project goals. Construction on the public sector activities requires major investment outlays in developing countries, yet most construction projects are characterized by cost overrun. The research study was carried out in Katsina State on a population size of 38 construction sites.

Human behavior is complex and every individual is different from another, the challenge of an effective organization is in successfully matching the task, the manager and the subordinate. Under ideal situation, a manager would first analyze the task, then determine the required skills and assemble a team that complement each other skills; thereby creating an enriching &conflict free team.

The research on the Caserta Royal Palace puts the drawing as a tool of knowledge, through critical inquiry, against some architectural exempla, whose explanatory story is not yet clearly be unraveled, the architectural design and, specifically, the relief of architectural works inherited from the past is a thorough knowledge of the process: a intellectual journey that allows, through the representation of the seized instrument, discretize, measure and capitalize, in the broad sense of its meaning, forget architectures are intended, therefore, to a sad fate of abandonment, decay and disuse.

Land cover changes and the direct or indirect interaction of these changes have drawn much consideration in recent years. Thus in this study, "spatio-temporal analysis of land use/land cover shift in Jabalpur City, Madhya Pradesh” analyzed to reveal the nature, extent and rate of changes. Multi-temporal landsat imagery (LS 5 Oct. 2009 and LS Oct. 2016) were obtained in this study. Arc GIS 10.2 had used for band combination (LS 5 band 4,3,2 and LS 8 band 5,4,3 combined for FCC). Erdas imagine 2013 had used for land cover classification.

Considering the multifaceted development of lifelong learning, the spread of digital uses, and their influence on the social and individual transformation, this paper analyses factors that could influence digital lifelong learning and affect institutions involved in this emerging field. From an in-depth literature review, it proposes a conceptual framework of digital learning factors that could help to articulate digital learning implementation issues in both formal and non-formal lifelong learning and training institutions.

Global trade and commerce have brought great economic prosperity for nations as well as serious labour challenges, environmental degradation, pollution, grave economic inequalities and concerns of climate change.1 Business leaders, governments and civil societies, realise the imperative of addressing these challenges in a collaborative and structured way especially as government alone cannot address these socio-economic problems.

The profession of teaching has existed in the society since the ancient era. With changing times, the roles of teaching professionals too has gone under drastic transformations. Today, the roles and responsibilities of teachers are not only limited to delivering quality lectures and imparting best skills to students but also involves sustaining a job characterized by excessive pressure, conflicting demands, role ambiguity, and a heap of administrative obligations.

The category of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in reality is an indicator of Indonesia's economic resilience. Sidoarjo is a city of support for Surabaya and has a very vital economic function. Even with the establishment of several major industries here, Sidoarjo is already part of a nationwide industry. If looking at the data about Sidoarjo, precisely this city is proclaimed as "City of SMEs Indonesia".

The involvement of students’ leaders in school management is seen as a precursor to stability and overall school success. Stability in learning institutions is a fact that immensely contributes to the realization of the learning institution’s goals and objectives. School Prefects have been in place for a long time with the sole purpose of acting as a link between the teachers, school management and fellow students. In a recent development, a student representative will be required to be on the Board of Management as an ex-officio member according to the basic education Act 2013.

This thesis was concerned to assess the practice of English language teaching through skills integration in Yirgacheffe town at four primary schools that could be selected using comprehensive sampling technique. The study incorporated the objectives that assessed how English language teachers integrated the language skills, the frequency how often the teachers integrated the skills and the perception of the teachers towards language skills integration. For this study, all 26 English language teachers from sample schools were the subject of the study.

This paper gives a summarized part of a PhD research, which deals with the real impact that nanotechnology and nanotechnology materials can have on all the phases of Architectural Design. The relations between our main research variables, i.e. Nanotechnology materials and Architectural design, have been approached through two main strategies. The first is through the hidden knowledge that is the “tacit” knowledge, which is highly personal and lies behind the architectural works or other forms of Art.

Background: Memory demands for students are much more than they are for working adults. One of the most commonly described problem of students is the inability to retain large volume of academic content. Therefore, it is imperative for all students to have good memory for better academic achievement. The present study attempts to assess the efficacy of mnemonics, chunking and mind-mapping in enhancing memory based on the preferred learning styles of the first year undergraduate nursing students.

Through an exploration of the creation, modification, and extension of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), this paper aims to convey an understanding of the Model as it applies to the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in studies within the field of education. By first explaining the original TAM and its foundational elements, and then engaging in discussion around the various subsequent modifications and iterations of the Model, this paper will provide the reader with a solid understanding of the variables involved in each of the Model’s versions.

This paper is concerned with the ruin probability of two sided jump renewal problems under phase type claim/arrival distribution. We propose a class of finite dimensional phase type distributions as models for claim distribution .Different forms of phase type distributions are also discussed .Lindley distribution is approximated for claim distribution and a modified inter arrival claim distribution is also presented. A kind of ruin components is also given in the process.

Uncertain data is nothing but data with impurity or a data which is not completely correct. This data uncertainty has many reasons like incorrect input, changing environment, incorrect sampling, conversions and calculations. To deal with an Information Retrieval of such a data there must be refinement at both end that is query (input) and result of search (output). This challenge is well tackled in this paper literature review of various ways of inputs and forms of expected output; has been made.

Accessible transport means to make transport services easier for all groups of people. Removing features that create barriers for a particular group of people is the precondition of ensuring accessible transportation system. Mobility handicapped people constitute about 12% of the total population in Bangladesh. Problems with transport are the major reasons why they cannot access education, healthcare and employment opportunities. This inability leads them and their families to poverty.

In 5-dimensional space-time, Quantum Mechanics have a special particle-wave symmetry. To particle wave, its phase velocity is equal with its group velocity, and the two speed value is invariant. This is very similar with the light speed C in Special Relativity Theory. We mark this speed with . But, different particle has different , not all particles have same . To one value, there exist one kind of particle. Particle satisfying Special Relativity Theory is just one kind of these particles. In Special Relativity Theory, = C. Light speed C is just a special instance of .

Carbon (C) is a main building block of all Living organisms. Carbon is present in the atmosphere in the atmosphere in large quantities as well as in Biosphere and geosphere in different compositions. If an organism absorbs more Carbon-di-Oxide (CO2) than he liberates than this is known as Carbon Sink i.e. Plants and the vice-versa is known as Carbon Source i.e. Human Beings (Dalal, 2010). The balancing of carbon is very essential as the formations of complexes from carbon are huge in number.

A co-processor numerical relay (CNR) is proposed in this paper which offers protection against abnormal conditions like over-voltage, under voltage, over current, over frequency and under frequency. The CNR also performs like a directional relay. Xilinx ISE 14.4 & synthesis has been performed on model-sim is used to investigates the performance of CNR. The prototype model is implemented using FPGA experimental kit. The proposed relay trips the circuit under any one of the abnormal conditional mentioned above.

In last few decades there has been a rapid increase in research work in the field of wearable devices for the physically challenged people. However the research work being carried out is still in the preliminary stage and the wearable devices are just coming into existence and beginning to display some future potential. Hence there are not many wearable devices available which can substantially benefit the physically challenged person in improving the lifestyle. In this study we have attempted to propose a design of a wearable travelling aid for a person who is blind as well as deaf.

Swept wings are widely used in commercial Aircraft’s to cruise at transonic speeds with drag comparatively less than straight wings at transonic speed conditions. On the other hand trainer aircrafts both for commercial and defence trainings are preferred with swept wings to attain higher critical Mach speeds which is very less in straight wing trainer Aircraft’s. Swept wings are preferred for its high lift to drag ratio low speed takeoff conditions and for near sonic flight operating conditions.

Landslide is typically defined by a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes, and shallow debris flows. Landslide hazard results in great loss of life and property. These damages can be avoided if the cause and effect relationships of the events are known. Landslides are frequent and annually recurring phenomenon in the Nilgiri district. High intensity rainfall triggered most of the landslides in the Nilgiri district.

Pavement means connectivity, for the development of any nation stretches of road network plays an important part. But conditioned, the stretches must provide better riding surface, required strength, proper drainage, moisture control, rutting resistance, etc. throughout their design life. To ensure structurally strong pavement design guidelines are provided by IRC Codes to determine thickness of constituent layer which can efficaciously serve the purpose for which it is designed.

The pressure control valve is an important part of the antilock braking system (ABS). The functioning of ABS depends upon the response of this valve and mainly upon the diaphragms used in this valve. There are three diaphragms in the valve which deform due to the air pressure at different stages of the valve operation. Thus, it is required to simulate the exact operating conditions of the valve using modern simulation techniques and try to optimize the performance of the valve.

The increase in advancement in technology for the purpose of improving communication leads to availability of mobile phones at low prices. Availability of mobile phones at economical price enabled the low income group people to use personal means of communication. The multitude of mobile phone besides doing well for humanity also has adverse impact on environment. The adverse impacts ranges from the radiation effect to the degrading effect due to energy utilized for all the phases of life cycle as well as effect of disposing of materials.

This paper investigated the impact of plantation agricultural practices on housing development in Awi, Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State–Nigeria. A total of 200(two hundred) questionnaires were distributed to the indigenes of Awi to capture information such as the type of agricultural practices in Awi, the impact of plantation agricultural practice and the analysis of land use in Awi. Both random and systematic sampling techniques were adopted in the study.

Barley is a cereal crop with several end uses such as animal feed and brewing, depending on the quality of the malt. Brazil produces barley mainly for brewing using as feed only the discards from the malt industry. Genotypes of barley generally have low genetic diversity as the breeding programs intend to improve the malting quality, reducing available sources for improving quality.

This work is set to investigate the micro-morphological characteristics and phytochemical constituents of Termina liacatappa and Terminalia ivorensis, members of the family Combretaceae. Teriminalia catappa has two varieties: the red fruit and the yellow fruit varieties. The epidermal study revealed amphistomatic with anomocytic stomatal type in all three types investigated.

The effectiveness of many alternative methods and techniques in the developing world is investigated and the question ‘how can we set up the best learning environments?’ has become the common question of educators. The education system has taken on a more dynamic structure with the question ‘how do the students learn better’ rather than ‘what do we teach’. In this regard, the poster activities used in educational environments have attracted attention in recent years and its effectiveness is investigated.

This article presents the results of research at selected lakes located on the border of northern Siberia beyond the Polar Circle conducted during the summer of 2016, and covers physical, chemical, and biological methods. This article also highlights the differences between glacial lakes in that part of Siberia and those of Europe and North America. These differences affect not only water quality, but more importantly the age of the lakes, their exact origin, and their hydrogeological conditions.

This study investigated the morphological, anatomical and phytochemical properties on Datura metel Linn. a member of the family Solanaceae also found mostly in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. The habit is biennial to perennial sub wood growing up to120cm in height. They are used mainly as snake repellant and environmental embellishment. The leaves are large, deep green in color, simple, ovate to triangular-ovate and elliptic, with few dentate lobes, measuring upto 25 ± 7cm long and 14±4cm wide, suspended with a long petiole up to 5±2cm long with alternate phyllotaxy.

Congenital Nanoparticles are found to be reactive because of their small sizes leading to a high volume surface ratio which in turn leads to a lot of binding sites for metals and other compounds. The toxicity of nanoparticles depends on the shape, size, structure of the particle and aggregation. The aggregation, in turn depend on different types of factor in the aquatic environment such as pH, organic matter, ionic strength and composition. Bioassay studies (Acute and sublethal toxicity) were identified in fish Cyprinus carpio and the changes were observed.

The experiment was conducted during Kharif 2014-15 at Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, SHAITS, Allahabad to study the effect of organic manures (farm yard manure, vermicompost and polutry manure), inorganic fertilizers (Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash) and growth regulator (Gibberellic acid) on yield attributes and yield in green gram, Vigna radiata (L.). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with thirteen treatments in three replications.

A comprehensive macroinvertebrate study was conducted on Anchar lake situated in Kashmir valley 12 kms to the northwest of the state summer capital Srinagar with main objective to trace out the rich wealth of macroinvertebrate fauna harboring the lake.Sampling was done on monthly basis for a period of one year from March 2016 to Feberuarary 2017.Benthic and suface invertebrates macroinvertebrates were collected by Ekman,s dredge and D-Frame net respectively.

Plant parts like stem bark, leaves and fruits of Ailanthus excelsa Seem were extracted with different solvents such as methanol, ethyl acetate, alcohol, acetone, and water. The antimicrobial assay of A. excelsa extracts were evaluated on bacterial and fungal strains like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Candida albicans. Vibrio cholerae and Salmonella typhi. Phytochemical screening was performed for alkaloids, terpenoids, tannins, saponins, steroids, cardiac glycosides and flavonoids.

In India, mungbean is the 3rd major pulse crop cultivated for best source of proteins, carbohydrates and minerals. Seed germination and germination physiology play an important role in crop production. Ornamental plant Delonix regia is planted as shade tree in farm competes with neighboring plant species. Phytotoxins released by dry, dropped leaves of Delonix may have adverse effects on neighboring crop plants. Hence a study was carried out to evaluate the effect of aqueous leachates of leaves of D. regia on germination and some metabolic facets of seedlings of mungbean.

The social media promotions over time have created an effect in the learning behaviour of students. Therefore, an attempt has been made to find out the usage of social media and how it affects the learning behaviour of the students undergoing under-graduation in agriculture with the objectives of finding the extent of usage of social networking sites by the undergraduate students and the effect of internet usage on students learning pattern. The study was conducted at Agricultural college and Research Institute, Killikulam.

Rhynocoris albopilosus (Heteroptera: Reduviidae) is a commun predator in West Africa agroecosystems. In preparation of its settlement as biological agent in that environment, it is important to know its natural enemies and it sprey. The observations carried on field showed that R. albopilosus has a wide range of prey, belonging to eightinsectorders. Moreover, the main naturels enemie sare spiders Peucetia (Arachnida: Oxyopidae: Araneae) and the eggs parasitoids belonging to the genus Gryon (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae).

Biotic stresses that rob the yield advantage imparted through heterosis breeding can be retained by developing parental lines with inbuilt resistance. Bacterial leaf blight (BB) is one of prime diseases of rice, causing huge yield losses throughout the world. Here we have successfully demonstrated development of restorer lines with inbuilt resistance to bacterial leaf blight by Marker Aided Pedigree Selection (MAPS) - phenotypic selection, phenotyping and marker aided selection in the segregating generations for selecting desirable phenotype with target genotype of resistance genes.

For mass multiplication of healthy planting materials, shoot and root were successfully induced by macro-propagation technique from eight commercial banana varieties grown in West Bengal, viz., Grand Naine (AAA), Robusta (AAA), Martaman (AAB), Champa (AAB), Kanthali clone-1 (ABB), Bagda Kanthali (ABB), Baish Chhara (ABB) and Behula (ABB).

The current investigation was conducted on Chenopodium album L. and Atriplex hortensis L. to estimate the contents of total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidant activity by using four different solvent extracts. Total phenolic content was determined by using the Folin-Ciocalteu method while total flavonoid contents were estimated by using Aluminium chloride (AlCl3) colorimetric assay. The antioxidant avtivity in the form ABTS 2, 2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) was evaluated with the help of spectrophotometric method.

Fusarium wilt is a serious disease of chickpea in India and other 32 countries. It is soil borne disease. Observation of symptomatology was record. This pathogen was isolated on culture media and natural host, purified and its pathogenicity was proven in pot culture and on potato-dextrose-agar. Pathogenicity of the fungus carried out on a chickpea variety Radhey, which exhibited wilting after 25 days of inoculation. Out of 75 seeds, 68 germinated in infected condition. Symptom appearances were in 20 plants at seedling stage, 14 plants in adult stage, 34 not show any symptom of wilting.

Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) is an excellent source of high quality proteins. In sprouted mungbean, high level of ascorbic acid, riboflavin and thiamine is found. But the production of mungbean is threatened by salinity. In the present study, observations were made for two consecutive years regarding the electrolyte leakage activity level in mungbean leaves under induced salinity conditions. Ten different treatments comprising of various levels of NaCl and Zn separately and in combinations i.e.

Airborne microbial analysis revealed in 50 components of fungal spore types of which 2 belongs to Zygomycotina; 3 belongs to Basidiomycotina; 17 belongs to Ascomycotina, 28 belong to Deuteromycotina, and three of other types in 2009 and 2010. Among all these type of spore groups, Deuteromycotina contributed highest percentage and lowest percentage contribution was found to be that of Zygomycotina to the total airspora.

The experiment comprised of five lines, three testers and their 15 F1s. They were grown in randomized complete block design under late sown conditions. The line x tester analysis of Kempthorne (1957) was carried out to estimate general combining ability (gca) and specific combining ability (sca) effects. The line ‘OL 22-1’ and tester ‘OLC 10’ recorded significantly positive gca effects for both number of capsules per plant and 1000-seed weight.

In the present study “Determining the change in fatty acid profile of unsaturated cooking oils after repeated heating” an approach is made to determine fatty acid profile of the selected cooking oils for change in the same after repeated heating. A total number of 6 samples were selected for the study, including mustard, soybean and olive oil. Out of these 3 different oils were heated for one time and remaining 3 of the same type for five times each, the prepared samples were sent for laboratory testing which was done using the spectrophotometer method.

Urginea is a very important and rare medicinal plant, found growing in India, Africa and Mediterranean regions. Due to its medicinal properties the bulb of Urginea has found its place in British and European pharmacopeia. In the present study, genetic fingerprints of seven accessions of Urginea from different parts of Karnataka, South India were developed using PCR-based markers-ISSR. 3 ISSR primers were used to elucidate genetic diversity important for management and conservation.

Coal mines are site specific and they are located in the ecologically sensitive areas where forests are rich in Biodiversity. Coal mining is not a curse in the state, as mining had a positive effect in the state of Meghalaya. It is one of the most important sources of energy in the state. The mining activity in Jaintia hills haveadverse effect on land use and socio-economic activities. The study revealed that rat-hole mining activity had initiated environmental degradation in the region due to deforestation, biodiversity loss, pressure on local resources and soil erosion.

The study was conducted to develop dietary fiber powder (DFP) from white cabbage outer leaves since they are rich in dietary fiber but are generally discarded as waste. The chemical and microbiological parameters of DFP were studied at each step of production and storage. The cabbage outer leaves were blanched and both blanched and unblanched leaves were dried at 80°C and 90°C.

Five lines, three testers and their 15 F1s were grown under late sown conditions. The line × tester analysis of Kempthorne (1957) was employed to estimate additive genetic variance (σ2A), dominance genetic variance (σ2D), degree of dominance ([σ2D/σ2A]1/2), heritability in narrow sense (H(ns)) and standard heterosis (diii) over standard variety ‘Padmini’ for plant height (cm), number of primary branches per plant, number of capsules per plant, number of seeds per capsule,1000-seed weight (g) and seed yield per plant (g).

The nephrotoxic effect of Nigerian Bonny-light crude oil (NBLCO) was assessed using serum uric acid, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen as indicators of kidney function. Eighteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups, Groups I, II, and III. Group I was administered 3ml/kg of 0.9 % saline and served as control. Group II was administered 3 ml/kg of crude oil (NBLCO) whereas group III was co-administered 3 ml/kg of crude oil and 3 ml/kg of 50 % bee honey for of twenty-one (21) days.

Missed appointments are a major cause of inefficacy in healthcare delivery, leading to delays in diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Patient reminders help reducing missed appointments. Mobile phone messaging, has shown to be a effective reminder in reducing non-attendance. Mobile phone text messaging, a telecommunication technology, offers an alternative strategy to the conventional reminder systems. Studies have also shown that using text messaging reminders was more cost-effective than telephone reminders.

Introduction: Children are the precious gift of God. Dr. Abdul Kalam says, “Todays children are tomorrow’s citizen and leaders”. The resources spent on the care and health of the young are an investment of the future. The primary purpose of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of mothers of preterm babies regarding preterm care and to evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on preterm care among the mothers of preterm babies and to correlate the knowledge attitude and practices of mothers of preterm babies with selected demographic variables.

Keratoconus is a non – inflammatory ectatic condition of cornea that usually manifest during puberty. There is a progressive thinning of cornea leading to conical protrusion which induces irregular astigmatism resulting in visual impairment. Acute corneal hydrops is the development of marked corneal edema due to tear in the descemet’s membrane followed by leakage of aqueous into the stroma. ACH is a well-known complication occurring in approximately 3% of patients in keratoconus.

In routine histopathology, Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stain is the commonly used standard procedure for the diagnosis of benign and malignant conditions. Though this conventional procedure gives a clue to the diagnosis of the lesion, it might be challenging in determining the exact origin, type, behaviour and progression of a given neoplastic tissue. Detection of cell markers of the neoplastic tissue will be helpful in identifying the exact nature of the lesion. For this, a technique called immunohistochemistry is used.

Introduction: Babies with the birth weight of less than 2500gm, irrespective of the period of their gestation are classified as low birth weight babies. About 25 to 30 % of babies in India are low birth weight babies. According to the census provided by the WHO in the year 2010, approximately 6 to 8 million low birth weight infants are born in India annually; it is not possible to offer special care to all low birth weight babies. Skin to skin contact (Kangaroo Mother Care) with the mother’s bosom provides biologically controlled heat source.

The gingival facade and health are critical components of an attractive smile. Oral pigmentation is a discoloration of oral mucosa or gingival associated with several exogenous and endogenous factors. “Black gums” are an aesthetic problem especially those with a gummy smile. The reason for dark colour of gingival is the hyperactivity of melanocytes. Depigmentation is a procedure of removing or reducing gingival hyperpigmentation. This article focuses on literature related to various techniques used for treatment.

Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is usually observed in neonates because of respiratory distress and may occasionally be observed in older children or adults with recurrent infection 1. This malformation consists of adenomatoid proliferation of bronchioles that form cysts instead of normal alveoli. We report a case of a 11 days old neonate who presented with complaints of severe and persistent respiratory distress. Complete blood investigations, sequential chest radiographs and HRCT thorax of the neonate were performed.

Introduction: In orthodontics, for diagnosis and treatment planning, an accurate antero-posterior measurement of jaw relationships is of critical importance. Various angular and linear measurements that have been proposed from time to time and are currently in use to assess the antero-posterior discrepancy between maxilla and mandible can at times be inaccurate due to their dependency on certain factors which have been found to be unreliable at times.

One of the most frequent motives of shoulder pain is rotator cuff disease. It is the third most efficacious musculoskeletal malady after low back and neck pain. Shoulder pain is usually due to one of several reasons: subacromial impingement and bursopathy, tendinopathy, a tendon tear, a frozen shoulder, ligamentous instability, and osteoarthritis. Shoulder ultrasonography is approved as the examination of choice for rotator cuff abnormality in many centers around the world since it is an inexpensive and safe tool for investigation of rotator cuff abnormalities.

Introduction:-Avulsion is the total dislodgement of an intact tooth from its socket.The principal challenge is to maintain the vitality of periodontal cells, as prognosis of a replanted tooth is directly proportional to the viable periodontal cells. Use of physiological storage media like milk, saliva or saline is critical to maintain the viability of periodontal cells until professional help is obtained. To ensure proper and appropriate management of the avulsed tooth, it is essential that medical professionals have sufficient knowledge on the emergency management.

Intramuscular myxomas are benign mesenchymal tumours. They are commonly found in the atrial muscle. A search of the literature reveals a small scattering of reported cases in the gluteal region. However gluteal myxoma presenting as sciatica like symptoms are very rarely reported. We present a case of a hypothyroid middle aged female who had complaints of sciatica with a noticeable left buttock mass and was treated successfully with surgical excision.

Background and Purpose: Obstructive airways diseases typically present with dyspnoea, cough and wheeze and defined by a reduce FEV1, and PEFR and accumulation of sputum in the lungs. Sputum clearance and improve pulmonary function test is prime importance in the patients with chronic bronchitis. ACBT has been used to treat the patients with tenacious sputum and also conventional chest physiotherapy for sputum clearance compares the effect of both treatments on pulmonary functions and sputum clearance.

Metastasis and angiogenesis are two of the major obstacles that hinder the successful treatment of human cancers. C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4), an important regulator of cancer metastasis and angiogenesis, is predominantly expressed in many metastatic cancers. We evaluated the antimetastasis and antiangiogenesis effects DV1, our recently developed potent CXCR4 antagonist, both in vitro and in vivo. DV1, a mimetic of the essential molecular moieties of a naturally existing CXCR4 ligand, consists of all D amino acids.

Aim of the study is to formulate and evaluate Mebendazole nanoemulsion containing Oregano essential oil, for enhancing anthelmintic activity prepared by spontaneous emulsification method followed ultrasonication. A problem stated with the use of synthetic anthelmintics is the development of parasitic resistance, which threaten the success of treatment in humans, use of a herbal alternative may reduce such resistance. Essential oil of Oreganum vulgare is taken orally kills intestinal parasites, therefore it can enhance the action potential of anthelmintics.

Introduction: Acute Appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergency encountered in hospitals making up 10% of all emergency abdominal surgeries. Early diagnosis and timely intervention is essential in preventing complications associated with Acute Appendicitis. Methods: 100 patients of Acute Appendicitis were included in our study. A complete pre-operative workup was done in all patients.

Background & Objectives: Presence of two comorbidities, both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and depression impacts significantly on the morbidity and mortality of patients and thus interfering with quality of life and disease management. Indian studies throw limited light and data regarding identification of risk factors for depressive symptoms in patients with COPD and its impact on quality of life. This study was undertaken to identify the prevalence of depression and risk determinants of COPD patients attending a tertiary care health facility in north India.

An adverse drug reaction (ADR) is an injury caused by taking a medication. ADR’s may occur following a single dose or prolonged administration of a drug or result from the combination of two or more drugs. The aim of the present study was to monitor, assess and report the suspected adverse drug reaction at a tertiary care hospital. Prospective observational study was conducted for a period of six months and hospitalized patients were recruited in various wards based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Introduction: Haller cells are also known as infraorbital ethmoidal cells. These are the anterior extentions of ethmoid sinuses, located in median orbital floor. Haller cells are implicated as cause of sinusitis symptoms or orofacial pain. They may become infected and can spread infection to the orbit, also can complicate endoscopic sinus surgery. Their identification on conventional radiographic examination is limited, further necessitating need for advanced imaging like CBCT.

Three-dimensional reconstruction (3D) and rapid prototyping (RPT), starting from computed tomographic (CT) examinations, is a promising technology in traumatology. It facilitates the planning and surgical results of complex fractures. Here, we used it ina complex bilateral acetabulum fracture for the assessment of the injury type and for improving knowledge of the fracture fragments. The patient was a forty-five year old male, with no accompanying fractures. The solid model allowed an accurate preoperative and intraoperative planning.

Background: Multiple pregnancy is associated with increased maternal and fetal risk, therefore, warrants special attention. This study was conducted to evaluate the pregnancy complications and perinatal outcome in twin pregnancy. Methods: This observational study included 670 women with twin pregnancy achieving a gestational age of 28 weeks and above. Main outcome measures were maternal complications (i.e., anemia, PIH, preterm labour, PPH etc.), perinatal morbidity and mortality. Data was analyzed using SPSS-16.

Introduction: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer in India especially in women. Chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy or hormonal therapy following surgery is the most important treatment modality. This study explored clinical & hormonal profile of the patients along with their treatment outcomes. Materials and Methods: Socio-demographic and clinical profile as well as treatment outcome of the study subjects were obtained from the records. They were analyzed and results are mentioned with the help of tables and diagrams.

Objective: To develop an optimum bracket design, the stress-strain distribution of a particular material can be studied by means of finite element models (FEM). The purpose of this study was to design a basic structure of bracket-archwire configuration and to determine the location of stress-strain distribution. Method: Two 3D FEM of bracket-archwire configurations were designed. The first model was constructed with a stainless steel (SS) bracket having 0.022×0.028-in slot size along with 0.019×0.025-in SS archwire.

Background: Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired communication, reciprocal social interaction and restricted repetitive or stereotyped behavior. Autism cases have been increased these days before previous, due to better and broadened diagnostic criteria’s with increased awareness. There are recent research articles in the literature stating about the importance of early identification of the condition with long term outcomes avoiding psychological complications.

Febrile seizures are the most common seizures in children below 5 years of age. If a febrile seizure persists more than 30 minutes, it is termed as febrile status. Risk factors for first febrile seizure are well established, but risk factors for febrile status are largely unknown. An observational, analytical study of case control design was done in the department of Pediatric medicine of R G Kar medical college, Kolkata to find out the risk factors. Children with febrile status epilepticus were grouped as cases and simple febrile seizure patients as control.

Introduction: Teleportation is the process of moving objects from one place to another instantaneously. In medicine it has been little studied. The theory of relativity shows that when an object moves with velocity "v" in relation to an observer, its length X is contracted in the same direction of movement, while its time is dilated. According to this theory the dimensions Y and Z perpendicular to that direction of movement are not altered. Methods: a theoretical model has been employed, in which a human organ is inside a moving train.

Hepatitis A virus is a nonenveloped 27-nm, heat-, acid-, and ether-resistant RNA virus in the Hepatovirus genus of the picornavirus family. Its virion contains four capsid polypeptides, designated VP1 to VP4, which are cleaved posttranslationally from the polyprotein product of a 7500-nucleotide genome. Hepatitis A has an incubation period of 4 weeks. Its replication is limited to the liver, but the virus is present in the liver, bile, stools, and blood during the late incubation period and acute preicteric phase of illness.

Supernumerary teeth which are located between the two central incisors are termed as mesiodens. The occurrence of which in multiples are referred to as mesiodentes. We present a case report of an asymptomatic, non-syndromic fifteen year old male patient with fully erupted double mesiodens leading to unaesthetic appearance.

Introduction: Simple 46, XY gonadal dysgenesis syndrome, also called Swyer syndrome, is known as pure gonadal dysgenesis. Individuals with the syndrome are characterized by 46, XY karyotype and phenotypically female with female genital appearance, normal mullerian structures and absent testicular tissue. The condition usually first becomes apparent in adolescence with delayed puberty and primary amenorrhea due to the gonads have no hormonal or reproductive potential.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of denture induced stomatitis (DIS) in denture wearers in this part of India and to analyse the shift in epidemiology from Candida albicans to non albicans Candida (NAC) species and their antifungal resistance. Materials and Methods: Our study included 30 patients who were subjected to multiple choice questionnaire followed by clinical evaluation. The denture hygiene was assessed using a disclosing agent which was applied on fitting surface of maxillary dentures to assess the quantity of plaque.

The breast is a very uncommon primary site for extra-nodal lymphoma. The Non- Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL) of breast typically presents as unilateral mass; the frequency of bilateral disease at first presentation ranges from 5-25%. Majority of them are of B cell phenotype. We report a rare case of Primary Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of B cell phenotype, MALT (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma of Breast, suspected on fine needle aspiration cytology and confirmed by histopathology and immunohistochemical markers.

Introduction: Medication non-adherence is common among elderly suffering from chronic diseases. This in turn leads to unwelcome health, social and economic consequences. (Marengoni et al., 2008; Balkrishnan, 1998; Hughes, 2004) One reason for non-adherence to medication could be poor social support. Social support is critical for those elderly who rely on family, friends, or organizations to assist them with daily activities, provide companionship, and care for their well-being.

Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to compare and analyze the flexural strength and fracture resistance of two different provisional restorative materials reinforced with two different types of fibres. Materials and Methods: Two commonly used resins, namely DPI (poly methyl methacrylate) and UNIFAST III (a mixture of poly methyl and poly ethyl methacrylates) were chosen in this study.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a progressive disorder of β-cell dysfunction until majority of patients with a longer duration of diabetes remain poorly controlled with oral agents, and use of insulin, which could improve glycemic control .Guidelines from the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes recommend that insulin secretagogues such as sulfonylureas be discontinued at the time of insulin initiation to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia, and that treatment be intensified if HbA1c levels remain above-target 3 months after insulin

To determine the prevalence of early childhood caries [ECC] and oral hygiene status of orphan children between the age group of 6 months to 6 years, a cross sectional study was conducted in thirteen different orphanages, located in four different areas of Chennai city, Tamilnadu. Diagnosis of dental caries was done based on National Institute of dental and craniofacial Research (NIDCR-1999) criteria and a modified version of the OHI-S (Greene and vermillion-1967) was used to record debris and calculus. The data was collected and analyzed using the SPSS package.

The present paper reports three case studies of children with learning disabilities introducing a combined mode of intervention on pattern recognition along with behaviour therapy. The present intervention plan gave special emphasis on visual recognition training on letters, numbers and words. The module has been applied to three different individuals having different features of learning disability problem. The associated problem of emotional disturbances and low motivation was controlled by behavior modification. The intervention was given through 10 sessions (1 hour each).

Background: In India, 65% of women in the first year postpartum have an unmet need for family planning. Copper IUCDs are the most commonly used type of IUD and the Cu T 380A has been found to be most effective IUD available in govt. Sector free of charge. The IUCD is a safe and effective contraceptive option for postpartum women who wish to either space or limit subsequent births. Methods: In a hospital based prospective observational, study we compared expulsion rate of post placental IUCD in vaginal and caesarean delivery groups.

Objectives: This study was conducted with an objective to determine the prevalence and characteristics of pneumatization of articular eminence (PAT) using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) imaging. Material and Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, which included CBCT images of 62 patients in which TMJ region was completely visualized. The demographic details of the patient viz. age, gender were retrieved from their records.

Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a relatively newer material with various beneficial clinical applications. MTA has been recommended primarily as root end filing material but it is also being used in pulp capping, pulpotomy, apical barrier formation in teeth with open apexes, repair of root perforations and root canal fillings. This paper reviews the constituents, properties, anti bacterial activity, clinical applications, drawbacks and mechanism of action of MTA.

Haratala, Manahshila and Somala are important arsenic compounds which are used in Ayurveda. Haratala is most popular among them. Haratala is commonly used in treating the diseases like Sleshmaroga, Raktapitta, Vatarakta, Kustha etc. Haratala is called orpiment of yellow arsenic with two molecules of Arsenic and three molecules of Sulphur (AS2S3). Haratala consumed without proper Shodhana shortens the life span, causes diseases of Kapha and Vata, Prameha, Santapa, Spotha, Snayu Sankocha. Hence Shodhana of Haratala is essential.

A male was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma on the right side of the tongue and underwent right hemiglossectomy and tongue reconstruction using a skin flap. Walking was initiated 16 days after the surgery, but he developed dyspnea and suddenly died 18 days after the surgery. Autopsy revealed a continuous thrombus from the right ventricle to the pulmonary arteries and fresh thrombi from the pulmonary trunk to the periphery in both lungs.

Aim: To demonstrate two cases in which mini-implant supported orthodontic molar intrusion has been performed to regain ideal crown height space for implant prosthesis. Background: Tooth loss is associated with esthetic, functional and psychological consequences on an individual. Replacement of missing teeth by dental implants has gained significant importance due to promising advantages of implants over conventional prosthesis.

The hepatoprotective activity of two extracts of Swertia petiolata (hydro-alcoholic and aqueous extracts) was studied against thioacetamide induced liver damage in rats. The levels of serum aminotransferases (ALT, AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) were increased owing to thioacetamide (TAA) insult. The extracts were able to decrease these increased levels. Hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA), an index of oxidative stress increased significantly after the induction of liver necrosis and decreased in extract treated rats.

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the incidence and causes of ARF in obstetrics as well as to see the management and outcome of ARF in obstetrics. Methodology: Prospective observational study. We included women with ARF during pregnancy due to obstetric complications such as severe pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, antepartum hemorrhage, IUFD, sepsis etc. women developing ARF during postpartum period due to post-partum hemorrhage, puerperal sepsis, anaesthetic complications during caesarean section as well as those developing ARF after septic abortion.

Aim: To assess awareness of orthodontic patients regarding oral hygiene measures during active orthodontic treatment in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 202 subjects aged between 15-25 years undergoing orthodontic treatment in various orthodontic centers. A structured, self-administered, and close-ended online questionnaire was provided to the orthodontic patients and their attitudes and actions regarding performance of several home and professional preventive measures during active orthodontic treatment were assessed.

Background: Hyperuricemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) could increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is necessary to emphasize the need to identify patients with hyperuricemia and CKD for early prevention with reducing the levels of high serum uric acid (SUA). The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the type of cardiovascular diseases among patients with hyperuricemia in pre-dialysis CKD stages and on dialysis treatment.

The aim of the study is to locate the mandibular foramen, from various anatomical landmarks in 35 adult dry human mandibles of 70 sides. The mandible with permanent dentitions of unknown sex from a south Indian population was chosen for the study. The distances were measured by using Digital Vernier Caliper and were statistically analyzed. It was found that the mean value and the standard deviation of the various distances were; from the MF to AB were 18.23 ± 1.91 on (R) and 17.8 ± 2.6 on (L) side.

The truncus arteriosus or common arterial trunk, is a form of congenital cyanotic heart disease where only one artery arises from the heart, being responsible for the systemic, pulmonary and coronary circulation. It occurs in 1.5% of cases of congenital heart defects in newborns, presenting variations in their presentation as to the origin of the pulmonary trunk. We present a case of 6 month old male boy who presented with complains of fast breathing and respiratory distress. On examination, there was no cyanosis and clubbing. A systolic murmur was heard at mitral area.

Background of the study: The increasing amount of medical error has become a disturbing atmosphere, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. The reason behind is due to an association with inexperienced physicians and nurses, this is why Knowledge acquisition and skills maintenance are important in bringing down the error. Traditionally this is taught by using low fidelity mannequins, but due to a technological advancement it has move towards high fidelity mannequins, which allows for repetitive practices, utilizing different scenarios with various levels of difficulty.

It was became clear that during last 4 billion years, owing to the bioevolution link existed between the two basic electron, proton dependent metabolic reaction systems of obtaining of ATP had been formed the various capacity of ATP based regulation of expansion in the number of genes in the case of the human gene and also in the case of Archea genome and Bacteria genome.

Aim: To know the knowledge and magnitude of the preventive dental services delivered by the dentists towards preventive dental treatment. Methodology: A questionnaire study was conducted among the dentists who are practicing at Greater Hyderabad city to know the attitude of dentists towards preventive dental services. A stratified cluster random sampling method was employed to select a list of clinics from each zone. Sample size was 165 dentists. Results: Approximately 37.8% dentists were using APF gels in their practice.

Food safety and good hygiene practices are salient in preventing the risks and hazards that cause food borne diseases, thereby protecting public health. This research examined some issues of food safety and hygiene in one of the main breweries in Lesotho, the Maluti Mountain Brewery. The pH values for tested beer samples ranged from 4.31–4.33 and the pH values for tested soft drink samples ranged from 2.79 – 2.82. The dissolved oxygen values for beer ranged from 0.23 mg/L to 0.25 mg/L (table 1), while the dissolved oxygen values ranged from 0.21mg/L to 0.23mg/L for soft drinks.

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted in September 2001 by 147 countries including India. Out of 8 MDGs, 3 MDGs were directly related to the health and under the framework of MDGs, Government of India set ambitious targets for reduction in maternal and child mortality by 2015. In 2005, Government of India launched, National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) to strengthen the health infrastructure & services in rural areas, particularly in 18 high priority states. NRHM was expected to make significant contribution in achievement of MDGs.

Diabetes mellitus is a disease associated with both micro and macro-vascular angiopathy. The classical example is the manifestation seen in the retinal vessels. Diabetes is also associated with loss of capillaries and macro-vessel dilatation in the conjunctiva, similar to well-known vessel changes in the retina. The studies conducted on the conjunctival vessel in diabetic patients clearly demonstrate macrovesseldilation associated with diabetes may result in vessel engorgement and straightening, especially among those with longer duration of disease.

Introduction: Thorough knowledge of root canal morphology and its anatomical variations is essential for successful endodontic therapy. Methods: This report presents 3 rare cases of unusual tooth morphology involving mandibular first molar with 4 roots and variable number of canals. Results: The use of DOM, proper radiographic interpretation and modified access opening in these cases greatly contributed toward making a confirmatory diagnosis and successful endodontic treatment of four-rooted mandibular first molars with variable canal anatomy.

This article is in response to the claims of Government of Jammu & Kashmir where they have congratulated and felicitated the State health machinery for leading in reducing the IMR from 34 to 26 per 1000 live births in a single year and registering decline of 8 points in IMR which has been highlighted as the highest among all the states of the country. We are extremely happy for this historic achievement but have some reservations.

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main source of mortality and morbidity in our society with dyslipidemia contributing considerably to atherosclerosis. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in residents of Karachi in order to design appropriate health interventions at the primary and secondary levels to reduce cardiovascular events. Methods: Study design was transversal and conducted during the period of January to April’ 2016.

Excessive noise causes if that exceeds the noise standard at compliance point set either by regulation, an environmental authorization or an approval. Mounting scientific evidences suggests potential serious mental and physical harms are created by the following major sources such as: Aircraft noise; Traffic noise; Noise from portable loud speakers; Construction noise; and Industrial noise. Excessive noise exposure on a regular basis will develop many indirect and direct health problems that will affect everyone (infants, children and adult) resulting various medical conditions.

The Physiography of Pakistan indicates that Pakistan is situated at a vulnerable region to meet natural disaster at any time. So, the purpose of exposfactotype of study is to analyze the geographical conditions of Pakistan and its outcomes interms of natural disaster. The Secondary Analyses of present data reveals that natural disaster hit millions of human lives and physical destruction. On the bases of discussion a complete rehabilitation program for the shelterless, hungry and archeologically disturbed learners and teachers is suggested.

For the last 15 years in periodic literature there has appeared a series of scientific publications that has laid the foundation of a new scientific direction on creation of piecewise-linear economic-mathematical models at uncertainty conditions in finite dimensional vector space.

Service outsourcing is a concept that has been widely adopted by many manufacturing firms in today’s world. Globalization has been the main reason of outsourcing. Companies have therefore worked tirelessly in order to find out new ways of running their business without losing track of their main reasons for existence. This has therefore prompted them to outsource services and this includes having their non-core functions being performed by third parties.

This research work focused on the effect of working capital management on the corporate profitability of manufacturing firms using Dangote Cement Plc. as a case study. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested using annual reports sourced from Dangote Cement Plc. web database spanning from 2007 to 2016.

The first impression of a country’s culture and traditions is created from its people and architecture: India is a country having vast history resulting in great diversity and plurality in its cultures and traditions. India’s core is its spirituality and related ancient myths, making it possible for various schools of thought to originate and co-exist simultaneously. After rampant destruction happened in world wars, Indian architecture over thousands of years of existence is a sequential progression with many interventions that served as modifiers.

The objectives of this study is to find the information whether there is relationship between students’ knowledge about eco-labelling and personality with students’ counterproductive behavior in consuming non-eco-friendly products. Research method used was survey by involving 87senior high school students in Jakarta. There were three instruments have been developed in measuring students’ knowledge, personality and students’ counterproductive behavior. Data have been analyzed by applying regression and correlation which then be verified by t-test and F-test.

This publication follows, recent works (Conte and Rosca, 2017; Conte and Rosca, 2017; Rosca and Conte, 2017; Rosca and Conte, 2017) related to the presence of mini black holes at the zero resulting potential between two masses, in quantum EVTD2 gravity. The equal reports series, arising from the classic gravity, is surprisingly augmented by the balance black body temperatures at fourth power reports for each concerned masses.

This research aims to define the Engineer Standard of Care in Green Buildings as it is an emerging issue. Standard of care shall define Engineer's liability in case of green building dispute. Thus, it discusses the traditional standard of care, the green slandered of care, the modification by expansion or limitation of such standard. This is in light of the Jordanian bylaws. It concludes that the nature of green building requires special standard of care and the engineer must be aware of all conditions that may expand or limit his liability.

The prosperity of a nation depends on the development of nation’s economy, when more people come forward to start their own business the economy will get improved. So inculcating entrepreneurial knowledge among students will improve the employment status in the country. The study was conducted to assess the motivating factors for taking up entrepreneurship among college students. For the present study, 150 girl students residing in Chennai city were selected by purposive sampling method. Questionnaire was administered to collect the data from the students.

Menstruation is common process after the attainment of puberty among girls. Up to 80% of women report having some symptoms prior to menstruation. Common signs and symptoms include acne, tender breasts, bloating, feeling tired, irritability, and mood changes. These may interfere with normal life, therefore qualifying as premenstrual syndrome, in 20 to 30% of women. In 3 to 8%, symptoms are severe. If menstrual hygiene is practiced during the time of mensus, it will result in good reproductive health and good mental health too Objective: 1.

Home gardening is deliberated as a beneficial practice in Sri Lanka as it increases the production of vegetables even during the off seasons. The existing literature insists that knowledge and information are basic aspects for increased agricultural production and productivity. This study focuses on examining the uses and limitations of agricultural communication about home gardening. Primary data were collected using questionnaire from fifty households in Kuchchaveli divisional secretariat in Trincomalee district, Sri Lanka which represents Muslim, Tamil and Sinhala ethnic groups.

This research focuses on the Brazilian experience of the Science without Borders (Ciências sem Fronteiras - CsF) Program, launched in 2011 and terminated in 2017 after strong criticism from different sectors of society. The Program’s objective was to promote scientific and technological development through the funding of an international exchange program for undergraduate and graduate students. The international academic qualification is discussed in this context as public policy and individual strategy of acquisition of competences and differentiation in the labor market.

For the first time in history the existence of a new state of matter - quantum plasma condensate combining the properties of a normal liquid and ionized plasma was theoretically predicted and confirmed. This paper analyzes the modern power industry paying special attention to its ecological condition, physical and chemical methods of power generation, discusses the quantum non-ideality of non-degenerate plasma and electron exchange in it leading to efficient energy release in the plasma under consideration.

Equity Mutual Funds are one of the important means of pooling risk capital from small investors. In order to encourage such investment culture, the Govt. of India in the year 1992 introduced the Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) mutual funds. Investments into the scheme qualify for tax benefit. The tax benefit comes with certain regulatory provisions. These regulatory provisions make the ELSS funds distinct from Diversified Equity Funds.

The study area represented in the Toposheet 58 N/13, N/14 and N/15 spread between the North latitude 10°13´ 30” and 10°51´30” and Longitudes 79°43´30” and 79°52´30” of Nagapattinam southern coastal region. Satellite imagery is used to identify the Land use/ Land cover status of the study area. The software like ERDAS 9.3 and Arc GIS 10.1 are used to demarcate the land use / Land cover features of Nagapattinam southern coast. Remote sensing and GIS provided consistent and accurate base line information than many of the conventional surveys employed for such a task.

Handicraft is creative features of human life. Through the ancient time, handicraft has been related to generation to generation. This lifestyle gives to man occupation, employment, money and heritage of a place. Among the crafts, clay doll making industry of Krishanagar has a rich history and heritage. During the late 18th Century, the making of conventional clay dolls, clad in the provincial attire, gained momentum by the patronage of Maharaja Krishnachandra. Krishnanagar clay - dolls are unique in their reality and the quality of their fabrication.

Urban landscape has undergone dramatic changes in most of the developing countries as a result of unplanned urban growth which needs to be analysed and understood for future planning purpose. Such growth has been facilitated by rapid development in transport and communication and new opportunities mostly found in the surrounding regions of an urban area. This kind of growth later on takes different shapes in different directions. It can be effectively mapped and precisely analyzed with the help of statistical approach and application of RS and GIS techniques.

In recent time, Purulia district of the West Bengal faces a problem of occurrence of fluoride in groundwater and it gradually the scenario become serious. People of the many villages in Purulia-I and Purulia-II blocks have been marked with fluorosis after consuming fluoride contaminated water. Geologically, this study area is underlain by pre- cambrian metamorphic rocks like granite and gneiss etc. and have the semi- arid climatic condition.

The technological advancement has been responsible for a closer world. The world is interacting each other at all spheres i.e. social, economic, information etc. to gain prosperity. It is widely accepted as globalization. The State protected economy or privatization is the issue which has always been discussed. India opened it”s economy since 1991. The consumer satisfaction, innovation in the market, reduction in the costs and new means of finance or opportunities are the preferences of modern economy.

Gender inequality issue is more concerned in the third world countries. It is widely accepted that the issue is primarily related to economic empowerment of women. The women status is low in our social system and dalit women status is comparatively very low due to social hierarchy. There are eight ways i.e. access to resources, control over income etc. which can lead to dalit women to a stronger status. Similarly, understanding of empowerment issues and formation of subsequent strategies can uplift the Dalit women status.

In productivity fiction, cost effective allied methods are looked upon as input got used to replica. The replica was deliberated rooted in a single idea notion with a spotlight on totality cost minimization. This replica can be exploited as a sustain tool for decision makers at strategic and tactical decision levels. Supply chains management must be intelligent to put up ambiguity and disparity of supply because these are imperative aspects that concern supply chain performance. In supply chain management information sharing system is largely significant for better performance.

The shoe industry demands an impressive array of adhesives due to variations in materials, processes, types of footwear, and seasonal design changes. Equally impressive is the performance demands placed on adhesives in this industry. These include a high degree of bond strength to resist numerous repetitions of bending, straightening, compressing, recovering, rubbing, and friction. The bond strength must also not be affected by rain, snow, wind, ultraviolet light, temperature changes, and whatever other elements to which the shoe will be exposed.

Today in the world of agriculture plants are demanding the utmost care to protect from various diseases. These diseases can create several damage to different plants & their growth.This paper characterizes different diseases of rose plants, common stages followed in plant disease identification methods. Few changes are suggested in the preprocessing stage to improve the quality of results. Lot of research is going on in this area with the help of Machine learning & Image processing.

Nearly thousand of scientific experiments are performed both on humans and animals every year in the United States (Gregory, 1999). Does Science enormously play a role in the well beings of individual in the society? Research has found that science education is through motivation and satisfying the needs of humans. The scientific world is part of an elongated human development. This can be substantiated with the use and evolution of TECHNOLGY and SCIENCE (Minton, 2004).

The paper confers how Total Quality Management largely augments production. The eventual purpose is to persuade customer’s demand. The erudition was carried out at Automobile Industry through accumulating the most important information from the managers throughout planned survey. The information was investigated by vivid study. The effect exposed that there is a noteworthy rapport involving Total Quality Management execution and high productivity. This erudition has imperative connotations for managers.

Air pollution rate is getting verse day by day around the world due to industrialization and urbanization. And particulate matter (PM) is considered as one of the major contributor to this increase in air pollution. Besides the deposition of trace elements in air and reduction in visibility, the direct impact of particulate matter on vegetation and human health are serious issues. In several researches a reliable relation was found between health effects and elevated concentrations of atmospheric PM10 concentration.

Flow and temperature distribution in parallel-connection of solar heat exchanger are numerically analyzed. Fluent software is used to solve governing differential equations with boundary conditions. Numerical results indicate that it is important to take the flow maldistribution into account for a better design of the parallel-connection of solar heat exchanger. It is also found that the heat transfer rate of the optimized model is increased by 6.0% compared to that of the base type.

Reversed phase isocratic method has been developed for the quantitative analysis of local anesthetics drugs bupivacaine, ropivacaine and mepivacaine with very good separation for determination in bulk drug and dosage form of pharmaceutical. A Hypersil BDS C18 250×4.6mm,5µm column, mobile phase mix buffer and acetonitrile (34:66v/v) in 1000 ml and adjust pH 7.5 with diluted KOH solution, isocratic flow rate 0.9 mL/min and system detection is performed at 220 nm has been used for HPLC and LC-MS.

Evaluation of toluene and linearalkylbenzene as quenching media for 0.49 and 1.14Wt%C carbon steel was investigated. The samples were quenched to room temperature in the quenching media (toluene, linear alkyl benzene and water). The machined specimen of the steel were heated at 8400C and 8800C then quenched in water, toluene and linear alkyl benzene. Tensile strength, hardness and impact energy were used to measure the quenching potentials of the various media.

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders are the most common health problems for computer users who work for an extended period.

Communication competence is a term in linguistics which refers to a language user's grammatical knowledge of syntax, morphology, phonology and the like, as well as social knowledge about how and when to use utterances appropriately. Communication competence is the ability to send messages which promote attainment of goals while maintaining social acceptability. Competent communicators attempt to align themselves with each other’s goals and methods to produce a smooth, productive, and often enjoyable dialogue.

A cross-sectional study of dermatophilosis was undertaken from December 2016 to February 2017 on 770 cattle (693 local and 77 cross) with the aim of determining prevalence and associated risk factors in and around Horro guduru animal production and research center of wollega university, Horro guduru zone, western Ethiopia. Culturing of D.congolensis and Giemsa staining were the techniques used. Twenty eight of 770 examined animals (3.63%) had dermatophilosis.

The Green Leafy Vegetables (GLVs) such as Brassica juncea (mustard), Trigonella foenum (fenugreek), Amaranthus polygonoides (sirukeerai), Amaranthus tristis (araikeerai) and Sesbania grandiflora (agati) were grown to study their pigment levels in fresh water, 75% of silk dyeing effluent and biotreated effluent conditions as pot study. The pigments such as chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, Total chlorophyll ab and carotenoids were evaluated on its 45th day of its growth. The total chlorophyll and carotenoids were significantly high in biotreated S.grandiflora and B.juncea.

The study was conducted on Maize (QPM mixture), Oat (HJ-8) and Tulsi leaves. Six types of blend flours i.e Type-I, Type-II and Type-III blend flour were prepared from maize: oat in ratios of 85:15, 70:30, 55:45(W/W), Type-IV, Type-V and Type-VI blend flours were prepared from maize: oat: tulsi leaves in ratio of 80:15:5, 65:30:5, 50:45:5 (W/W). Different types of baked products (Cake and Biscuit) were developed using blend flours and assessed organoleptically. Most acceptable products were nutritionally analyzed.

Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are the regulators of inflammation and HDAC inhibitors are shown to be anti-inflammatory agents. Previously, we designed and synthesized a series of novel glycine and alanine hybrids of 2,5-disubstituted 1, 3, 4-oxadiazoles as class I HDAC inhibitors. All the compounds synthesized (10a-j) showed moderate HDAC8 selectivity and anti-tumor activity. Here we evaluated the anti-inflammatory potency of the compounds on E. coli-infected mouse macrophage, RAW 264.7, cells.

The present survey provides information of the therapeutic proprieties of 38 crude drugs used by Andh tribes of Yavatmal District. Information on their boticinal name, Vernacular name, family, parts used, mode of drug preparation and administration is provided.

The production of seedlings is an orienting study for all the producers of seedlings vineyard and the fruit’s trees. Study aimed to drawing conclusions for the implication of the real factors in seedlings’ production and also of the impacts with the objective to achieve the low cost production of seedlings (Musabelliu, 2007). The study is made at one of the most ancient places for the cultivation of the vineyard in Albania with old traditions in this field.

The field trial was carried out at the VNMKV, Parbhani, to study the correlation of 13 yield contributing characters and nine grain quality characters with grain yield of aerobic rice genotypes on Vertisols. The experimental materials consist of 50 rice genotypes including three checks and allocated in randomized complete block design in three replications.

Homeopathy not only used as medicines but also applied in agriculture in this modern era. Potentised substance (Arsenic trioxide, Gibberellin acid, Lysine, Sodium Chloride, Cupper Chloride) were used in the plant for germination, growth, and development of the plant. Effects were reported with decimal potency levels ranging from 14x to 45x, and centesimal potency levels ranged from 5c to 24c. The studies aimed to understand the effectiveness homeopathic medicine and also identification of therapeutic effect on different plants.

Our society intimately linked with physics because discoveries affect it, like communication( telephones, telegraphs, teleprinter, antennas and other telx) enable us to quickly exchange messages between far up places. Curriculum is running new in class-11 with five branches:- 1-Mechanics 2-Thermodynamics 3-Electromagnetism 4-Relativity 5-Quantam mechanics. In physics there is close relation between theory and practical.

Celiac disease is very common in our place. Aim was to find out prevalence of various autoantibodies in CD. Material and method: Total 22 cases of celiac disease along with 50 healthy cases were studied within a period of 6 months. Anti tissue transglutaminase (Ttg), anti thyroid peroxidase (TPO), Anti nuclear antibodies (ANA) were done by ELISA method, while antibody to extractable nuclear antigen (ENA), (Sm,RNP,SSA,SSB,Scl70,Jo-1,centromere) and antigliadin antibody were done by dot blot method.

The physical, mechanical and thermal properties of composite boards made from empty fruit bunch studied. The oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) obtained from a private oil palm plantation. By using fibre cutter and particle crusher, these EFB refined. Hardeners and wax added at 1% and 3% during the mixing process. Boards with densities of 500, 600 and 700 kg/m3 produced using resin urea formaldehyde as the bonding agent at 10, 12 and 14%. The boards conditioned in a conditioning chamber set at 20±2°C and 65% relative humidity before undergoing subsequent testing.

The geographical location of the state of Jammu and Kashmir supports a rich floral diversity including tree diversity. The timber requirements are met by various species of trees including both the Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. A timber yielding tree attains maturity in hundreds of years but their rapid loss for one reason or the other cannot maintain a balance in nature. As such it adversely affects the forests and thus results in the fragile nature of ecology. All the species mentioned and described in the study are found in wild state.

The objective of the present study was to utilize Wheat Germ (WG), a low cost industrial by-product (waste), but a nutritional capsule, filled with high quality protein (33%), oil 14-16% (ω-3/6.2, ω-6/55.7), antioxidants like tocopherols, glutathione, polyphenols, non-starch polysaccharides, healthy fiber and minerals by replacing expensive black gram to prepare popular traditional fermented steam cooked Idli.

Climate change is the major non price factor responsible for reduced production of food crops. A study was conducted in Idukki and Wayanad districts of Kerala to analyse the impact of climate change on black pepper production based on the secondary data collected for a period of 30 years from 1987 to 2016. From the panel data analysis, it was revealed that temperature during 3rd and 4th quarters has negative impact on pepper production. Rainfall during 2nd quarter was found to have positive impact on pepper production but was statistically insignificant.

Considerable histological information on anther development was done by many scientists, but histochemical information on the anther development of Solanaceae members is almost lacking. An attempt is made to understand the distribution of histochemical substances during anther development in Solanum viarum. In the present study anther wall development is basic type, epidermis and endothecium is single layered and persistent. Middle wall layers are two in number, tapetum is binucleate glandular, dimorphic in nature, dual in origin.

The molecular marker based identification techniques are extremely reliable methodologies that are currently used in forensic crime investigation of human, animals as well as plants. Generally the markers are short tandem repeats (STRs), species specific primers, SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism) are based on PCR and NGS methods which is still under extreme investigation by FBI for development of more convenient, easy and reliable procedures.

Management of soil and water quality parameters is important catalysts for gaining sustainable fish production in Bangladesh. In this context, a comprehensive survey was done to categories existing shrimp farms locally called ghers of Tala Upazilla of sathkhira districts covering each union based on water depth.

Coccidiosis, inflicting a huge production and economic losses to poultry industries is great concern due to its prevalence by shifting virulence from less to more pathogenic strains or species of coccidia. Control of coccidiosis is difficult due to emergence of drug resistance and several imitations of available anticoccidial vaccine leads to frequent disease outbreaks, strategic control and alternative approaches are being used and practiced in control of coccidiosis.

Background: The burden of children with physical disability also affects people around them. A lot of skills can be obtained by attending a special school, as special school has its program to overcome problems that arise from disabilities. Learning achievement is needed as an evaluation tool for the education of pysically disabled student. The objective of this study is to describe learning achievement of student with physical disability Methods: Learning achievement was obtained from student’s study report. Academic courses were described in scores.

An ethno botanical survey was conducted to collect information about medicinal plants used by traditional healers in villages located in the forest area of Valasamalai hills, Thiruvannamalai district, Tamilnadu, India. Information presented in this work was gathered from tribal informants including practitioners using an integrated approach of botanical collections and interview schedules. Many tribal people depending on naturally growing or wild plants for their food and medicine in this region. A total information was gathered from 24 to 76 age groups of people.

Tomato is very important fruit vegetable grown in tarai region of Uttar Pradesh. The crop suffers a great loss due to infection of a whitefly borne virus tomato leaf curl. The present investigation deals with the role of weed reservoirs harbouring the virus inside the crop, nearby the crops and adjacent areas. TCLV has a very wide host range and the vector whitefly Bemisia tabaci Genn. can multiply on wide variety of host therefore, some of the host plants harbouring both virus and vectors were recorded. A total 38 plants including weeds, ornamental and cultivated plants were surveyed.

This study comprises two designs the first one is a community-based descriptive cross-sectional qualitative study conducted in Saudi and Alshikh Mohamed Ali Fadul Hospital in Omdurman, Sudan as well asNajran University Hospital, Kingdom Saudi Arabia (KSA)to study theimpact of maternal age and parity in incidence of placenta previa. The aim of the study, to correlate the maternal age and parity with placenta previa. The relationship between age and parity in Sudan and KSA.

Aims and Objective: To determine the Effect of different denture adhesives on the retention of maxillary complete denture. Materials and Methods: Twenty edentulous patients were selected from department of prosthodontics and crown &bridge, Hazaribagh college of dental sciences. The sample consisted of 12 males and 8 females, the age range between (40-78) years. Measurement of the Retention For purpose of this study retention has been expressed in terms of the force required to dislodge vertically a maxillary complete denture using loading apparatus.

Background: An anti mycotic is a substance that kills or inhibits the growth of fungi. Papaya is also known as pawpaw or melon tree. Carica papaya is one of the accepted species in the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae. The fruits are the source of flavoring agent in candies, jellies, ice creams etc. It has protein digesting, antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. C.papaya has been widely used in the treatment of diabetes. Aim: To evaluate the antimycotic activity of Carica papaya extract on Candida albicans.

The present study was conducted to compare Auditory Reaction Time (ART) and Visual Reaction Time (VRT) in normal and anemic female subjects and also to correlate the same with the haemoglobin (Hb) concentration. Female students of age group 18-20 years were recruited. After haemoglobin estimation subjects with Hb<12g% were assigned as group I (n=30) and subjects with Hb≥12g% were assigned as group II (n=30). ART and VRT were assessed by making use of an in-house built device PC 1000.

Potentially malignant disease of the oral mucosa, with the risk of conversion to Oral Squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is described as premalignant or precursor lesions. The lesions like leukoplakia, erosive lichen planus, retention cysts like mucocele, and hyperplastic growths like traumatic fibroma are predominantly seen intra orally. A prospective study was done on 10 consenting patients to evaluate the effectiveness of open cryosurgical method in treating intra oral lesions with liquid nitrogen.

Aims: The aim of the present study is to determine differences in the dental caries experience, gingival health among 4-14 year old Bengalee children with repaired cleft lip and /or palate in North Kolkata, West Bengal Study Design and Methods and Material: Forty five children of age group 4-14 years, with repaired cleft lip and /or palate selected as study sample who were sub-grouped according to gender and age. Children were clinically examined for dental caries and oral hygiene status.

Background/Aims: Khat is a natural stimulant from the Catha Edulis' plant that is cultivated in Yemen and most of East African regions. It is widely used in Yemen as a pass time social habit. Chewing of this cursed plant's leaves has been shown to has a direct damaging effect on liver tissue. There are few case reports on the effect of Khat chewing and hepatitis, but this is a retrospective study to investigate this relationship in response to recent case reports from the UK and Australia.

This paperwork emphasizes an alternative approach of SAS programming language for Linear Bayesian Regression with combination of Fuzzy Regression. The special of this method is, the method itself comprises of modeling, bootstrapping for linear minimization programming through fuzzy regression modeling based on the dependent and independent variables.

Background: Laryngeal cancer is a common disease a among Sudanese smoker. It is a type of neoplasm that has the largest male to female ratio in Sudan. Objective: To provide a review of the clinical pattern and to determine the etiology of laryngeal cancer among the Sudanese patients. Justification:- • Cases of laryngeal cancer are increasing in Sudan. • There were no publications regarding laryngeal cancer in Sudanese patients to my knowledge expect that reported by Sharfi.

Rabeprazolea proton pump inhibitor the most effective pharmacotherapy for treating acidity related disorders. The main objective of the study is to formulate and optimize an orodispersible tablet of rabeprazole sodium. The tablets were prepared by direct compression method by using varying concentration of Crosspovidone as superdisintegrants. Theprepared formulations were evaluated for various parameters like, hardness, weight variation, friability, in vitro dispersion time, water absorption ratio, drug content uniformity and in vitro release study.

Introduction: Anaemia is the commonest haematological complication in cancer patients with aetiology usually multifactorial. The cut-off value for anaemia vary from centre to centre but a haemoglobin (Hb) level of 12g/dl in male and 11g/dl for female is usually acceptable in most Radiation Oncology Centres in Nigeria for therapeutic purposes. Administration of radiotherapy without adequate haematological support may tilt the patient into clinical anaemia. The study aims to ascertain the effect of radiotherapy on the haemoglobin level of cancer patients undergoing therapy.

Patients seeking treatment for gingival recession has constantly been on a raise, where patients’ esthetic demands and biologic needs determine the treatment of choice for root coverage. Accordingly, the coronally advanced flap has been modified by Zucchelli and Sanctis to treat multiple gingival recession defects in esthetically critical areas. This technique does not use vertical incisions, which results in better healing, increases the quality of keratinized gingiva, provides good root coverage and doesn’t involve a second surgical site.

Introduction: First line therapy of dentin hypersensitivity typically involves the use of desensitizing toothpastes. Two such agents in the market are 5% Calcium Sodium Phosphosilicate (CSPS) and 8% Arginine Calcium Carbonate (ACC), which have unique mechanisms of blocking the dentinal tubules in a natural bio-mimetic way. So the purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of dentinal tubule occlusion using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and dentinal permeability by using Stereomicroscope (SM) after the application of these agents.

Aim: To assess the proximity of roots of mandibular third molar to the inferior alveolar canal in impacted teeth by radiovisiography” Background: Prior knowledge of the proximity of the roots of the mandibular third molars to the inferior alveolar nerve canal minimizes injury to the nerve. Previous studies have shown Intra Oral Periapical Radiograph (IOPA), Dental Panoramic Tomograph, and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) as tool for assessment of risk of injury to the canal.

Objectives: As we noted that CD30 is a valuable molecule in regulation of growth and death of lymphocytes in malignant lymphomas, we decided to analyze CD30 expression and serum soluble CD30 (sCD30) molecule level in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) to assess their role as a prognostic markers and to examine the possibility of anti-CD30 to be a targeted therapy in these patients. Methods: We studied CD30 expression by multicolor flow cytometry immunophenotypic analysis on bone marrow aspirates of 90 ALL patients (51 T-ALL and 39 B-ALL).

Dental caries is one of the most common infectious diseases of childhood all over the world and considered as oral health burden. The purpose of the study was to assess the awareness of parents about dental caries among the school going children in Bareilly city. An investigation was carried out among 200 parents in 15 different medium schools in Bareilly city. Results showed that parents’ initiation is low when dental health care of children is concerned.

Aims and Objective: Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder seen in advanced cirrhosis. The aim of the present study is to study the prevalence of hyponatremia in cirrhosis and evaluate the association between serum sodium level and complications with severity of cirrhosis. Materials and Method: Study was an observational study conducted at RIMS, Ranchi from October 2014 to October 2015. The patients were evaluated with detailed history, physical examination and relevant investigations.

The concept of “surgery-first and orthodontics second” is called “SFOA” (Surgery-First Orthognathic-Approach) or “SFA” (Surgery-First approach). Surgery first approach is an alternative methodology to conventional orthognathic surgery (“Orthodontics– Orthognathic surgery– Orthodontics”) which performs directly an orthognathic surgery, without the previous orthodontic preparation, followed by a post-surgical orthodontic treatment. Surgery-first approach treats facial esthetics first and then occlusion, whereas the conventional approach treats occlusion first and then facial esthetics.

Context: Recently introduced Cobalt-60 HDR source has longer half life of 5.2 years compared with 73.8 days of Ir-192, more economical and attractive for low resource settings. Aim: The purpose of this study to know acute gastrointestinal and genitourinary toxicities associated with Co-60 source in HDR ICRT of cervical cancer patients and its comparison with similar toxicities in Ir-192 based HDR ICRT. Settings and Design: Prospective study Methods and Material: The study was completed on 65 patients of carcinoma cervix.

The Mirizzi syndrome (MS), a rare condition, is a late complication of chronic cholecystitis. It is a spectrum of disease ranges from simple compression of common hepatic duct to cholecystobiliary fistula (CBF). The clinical presentation is similar to symptomatic cholelithiasis like abdominal pain, vomiting, jaundice etc, hence it is difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Even peroperatively it is diagnosed by expert surgeon who has experience in hepatobiliary surgery, otherwise chances of biliary duct injuries are high.

Background: Several factors play important role in expectant mothers seeking Antenatal Care in rural areas like socioeconomic status, availability of modern medical facilities, transport etc. Lack of these factors keep her away from early registration and make her and baby prone for complications. Objective- Community based holistic management of pregnancy and its outcome to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality and malnutrition in rural areas. Methods: It is a retrospective record based analysis from rural hospital from January 2009 to August 2016.

Obtaining consistent mandibular denture stability has long been a challenge for the dental profession. In particular, “flat lower ridge” is associated with difficulties in providing successful dentures. Stability of lower denture in such cases is usually the distinguishing factor between success and failure. This article intends to acquaint the reader with the various conservative prosthodontic techniques which can be employed to improve mandibular denture stability in case of an atrophic ridge.

Objectives: To compare and evaluate the effect of cleaning solutions on surface morphology of saliva contaminated lithium disilicate ceramic. Methods: 30 lithium disilicate ceramic discs of IPS e.max were prepared. The substrate surfaces were conditioned according to manufacturer’s instructions. Scanning electron microscope was used at 1000x and 25000x magnification for qualitative examination. Specimens were divided into 2 Groups (n=15), Group I treated with Ivoclean, Group II treated with 30% Sodium Silicate.

Clavicule fractures have an incidence of approx 3 % of all fractures. Bone Fractures most commonly in the middle third of the bone .the treatment methods are:-Non Operative: slings, straps and braces are there for clavicle immobilization and treatment of fractures. Operative: External fixators, Intramedullary nails, Plates and screws.

Introduction: Oral Sub Mucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is the most common potentially malignant disorder found across India caused by chewing gutkha with tobacco. A number of studies have proven the use of antioxidants in the management of OSMF. Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of antioxidants Lycopene and composition of carotenoids, lycopene, minerals and alpha lipoic acid in the treatments of OSMF patients. Material and Method: 50 clinically diagnosed OSMF male patients were included in the study and were divided equally into two groups.

The present randomized controlled trial study was carried out over a period of one year to observe the effects of perioperative parenteral nutrition on weight, Serum albumin and total lymphocyte count. Hundred patients, admitted and operated were randomly divided into two groups of 50 each. Group A (Study group) and group B (Control group). Group A patients were given perioperative parenteral nutritional support whereas patients in the control group received no such treatment. Statistically significant increase in total serum albumin (P<0.001) was found in the study group.

Introduction: Type D personality has been observed to be associated with mental health issues later in life. Methods: This was a descriptive, cross sectional study conducted among college students of Delhi University. A sample size of 419 was calculated by taking into account the prevalence rate of negative affectivity as 55.3%, relative error of 5% in formula 4pq/l2 and a non-response rate of 10%. Type D personality was assessed by means of 14-item questionnaire based on DS-14.

Background: Periodontal disease is a chronic tissue-destructive inflammation, which destroys tooth-supporting structures and ultimately leads to tooth loss. Early diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases can reduce the risk of tooth loss in general population. Several biomarkers like Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) have been proposed for early detection of periodontal disease from saliva, serum and gingival cervicular fluid.

A good understanding of variations, aberrant anomalies mainly concerning the location and treatment of all canals, is a prerequisite for the success of endodontic therapy. Clinicians often relate the success of endodontic treatment with the detection of MB2 canals neglecting the possibility of occurrence of rare entities like additional palatal root and canals. Thus this case report highlights the need to have an eye for the variations in canal morphology occurring palatally contributing to the successful diagnosis and treatment of such cases.

The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) has put an effort to overcome personalized usage of descriptive terminologies in thyroid aspiration smears. Aims: The objective of this study was to interpret thyroid cytology by TBSRTC, to look for distribution of diagnostic categories and subcategories and to correlate the cytopathology with histopathology. Material and Method: This was 11 years retrospective study of 114 fine needle aspirations (FNA) of thyroid swelling.

Introduction: Viral encephalitis is potentially fatal disease which requires rapid diagnosis and management and should be ruled out from other infectious and noninfectious cases. Serological tests can only presumptively diagnose the condition. Cell culture methods are definitive diagnostic test but require comparatively longer time. Shell vial culture is better than conventional cell culture methods being more sensitive and rapid. Molecular methods like Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) can rapidly diagnose but its sensitivity needs to be evaluated.

Aim: Voiding dysfunction is an under evaluated issue in females with metabolic syndrome. Aim of our study was to investigate correlation between voiding dysfunction in females with metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods: The study was a retrospective study conducted from January 2015 to December 2016 in the Institute of urology, Madras medical college, Chennai. We investigated 80 female patients who visited the urology department for voiding dysfunction with features of metabolic syndrome.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to clinically evaluate and compare the efficacy of human fibrin sealant (Tisseel®) with non-absorbable surgical suture in the treatment of localized gingival recession. Methods: The study population consisted of 30 identical gingival recession defects. The selected gingival recession sites were randomly assigned either to 1) Control site A(lateral pedicle flap with suture) or 2) Test site B(lateral pedicle flap with Tisseel®).

Aim: This cross sectional study is aimed at assessing the perceptions and level of awareness of dental students about their own dental health through evaluating the prevalence of white spot lesion. Materials and Methods: A detailed oral examination of ninety two dental students of K.V.G. Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, D.K, Karnataka, aged between 20 and 24 years was done to detect white spot lesions and caries experience through International Caries Detection and Assessment System II criteria.

Nurses caring for children in critical care areas encounter ethical dilemmas therefore it is important for nurses to have a basic understanding of the laws that affect their practice and the ethical guidelines that can be used to resolve dilemmas. Prospective randomized experimental design was selected for this study. 100 Nurses from pediatric setting were selected from selected hospital and divided into two groups: Group A and B. Structured Knowledge Questionnaire (score of 0 to 30) was used to assess the knowledge about ethical responsibilities and rights of children.

Introduction: Adolescence is the phase of life which is characterized by acceleration of physical growth and, psychological and behavioural changes. These issues have not only a huge socioeconomic impact but also impact on National Health Indicators. Medical Officers working in the peripheral hospitals frequently come across the adolescents and hence need to be trained to deliver the best care to them. National Health Mission under RKSK is organizing trainings of Medical Officers in collaboration with Department of SPM Govt Medical College Srinagar.

Betel (Piper betle) is the leaf of a vine belonging to the Piperaceae family, which includes pepper and kava. It is mostly consumed in Asia, combined with tobacco, slaked lime and areca nut and is used as a recreational practise and for oral hygiene. Areca nut extract have been popularly known to exert carcinogenic actions on oral cavity. In this study we have attempted to analyse the effects of betel leaf oil on common periodontal pathogens like Prevotella Intermedia, Porphyromonasgingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Fusobacterium nucleatum.

Aim and Objective: The objective of this controlled clinical trial was to clinically evaluate the peri-implant soft & hard tissues and to radiographically analyze the difference in crestal bone level both mesial and distal to the implant. Materials and methods: A total of ten sites from ten volunteers were selected for the placement of the implants and were subjected to presurgical evaluation and clinical and radiographic parameter assessment.

Background: Chewing of sticks from plants of neem, miswak, liquorice and babul have been used as a method of cleaning teeth in rural areas and as part of tradition in many parts of India. Pine was believed to be used in ancient times for cleaning teeth. The seeds and oil of Black cumin also finds wide use in oral hygiene and treating oral diseases. These plant parts are considered to have medicinal values. Objectives: To assess the efficacy of miswak, neem, liquorice, babul, black cumin and pine extracts for their antibacterial effect also to assess for their probable synergistic effect.

Urinary disorders have a specific identity both in modern and Ayurvedic system of medicine. The oldest written reference of this disease is seen in samhitha. The improper purificatory procedure results in residual accumulation of kapha and pitta Prakopa in mootravah srotas. Hence all the doshas collectively result in formation of Ashmari. Ashmari (urolithiasis) is a frequent clinical problem with an incidence of 0.1% to 6% in general population. The disease is prevalent irrespective of their socio-economic and cultural background.

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic, potentially life-threatening, inherited hemoglobinopathy of which pain is (the) hallmark. Amongst the various complications of SCD, painful vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) is the most frequent cause of hospitalization, impaired health-related quality of life with increased mortality. The painful crisis, manifests as pain in the extremities, back, abdomen, or chest.

Obesity and in particular obesity have consistently associated with hypertension and increased cardiovascular risk. Based on population studies, risk estimates indicate that at least two-thirds of the prevalence of hypertension can be directly attributed to obesity. Apart from hypertension, abdominal adiposity has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease, sleep apnoea, stroke and congestive heart failure. Methodology: The present study was carried out in the department of physiology, Amaltas institute of medical sciences Dewas (M.P.).

Objectives: To study different phenotypes in PCOS and their correlation with AMH Methods: This prospective case-control study included 90 patients attending Gynaecology out patient Department of Dr RML Hospital, New Delhi from 1st November 2015 to 31st March 2017. Clinical history and examination including Ferriman Gallwey scoring, BMI, investigations including pelvic ultrasonography and blood serum FSH, LH, estradiol, TSH, prolactin, testosterone (total) and AMH was done for all the women.

Background and objectives: This study was aimed to evaluate the incidence, age and sex distribution, aetiology, prognostic indicators, various complications associated with traumatic cataract and to determine final visual outcome of various treatment modalities. Methods:- In this prospective study 40 traumatic cataract patients were identified, then pre-operatively evaluated and had underwent surgery for cataract with or without intraocular lens implantation for a period from April 2015 to October 2016 at S.S.G. Hospital, Vadodara (India).

Aim: To analyze bcl-2 protein as marker of regulating apoptosis in periapical tissue reaction which causes bony defects Objective: Immunohistochemical study of periapical lesion gives the clinician a chance to correlate between case history findings and progression of the lesion. Materials and method: Six patients with the history of trauma and having large periapical radiolucency, indicated for periapical curretage were selected. The periapical curretted biopsy specimens were formaline fixed, taken for histopathological and immuno histochemical study.

In the proposed work, enhancement of anticancer potential of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)by encapsulated in the silver nanoparticle.5-FU shows poor solubility and low absorption rate therefore its silver nanoparticles was formed to increase solubility, absorption as well as affectivity against tumor. Various analytical methods and assay such as Particle size, Zeta potential, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), DSC, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Drug Release, In-vitro cytotoxicity study were employed for monitoring the formation of nanoparticles.

The study investigated the effect of health education intervention on knowledge about alcohol among senior secondary school adolescents in Eleme, Nigeria. The study was guided by three research questions and two null hypotheses tested at 0.05 alpha level. The research design was a pre-test post-test quasi experimental research design. A sample of 817 senior secondary school adolescents were selected from 3,750 adolescent students in 5 senior secondary schools in Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria, comprising 413 in the experimental group and 404 in the control group.

Background: Because there is no effective drug therapy for hydatid cyst yet, assessment and finding of some new agents especially from herbal origin with a desired scolicidal effect attracts great attention for treatment and pre-surgical use to prevent the hydatid cyst recurrence. In the present study, the scolicidal effect of ethanolic extract of Allium sativum, Mentha longifola and Zingiber officinale were investigated. Methods: Suspension of protoscolices was obtained an aseptically from sheep livers containing hydatid cysts.

Skeletal Class III malocclusion is considered to be one of the most difficult orthodontic problems to treat. This malocclusion may be associated with the retrognathic maxilla or prognathic mandible or sometimes a combination of both. Orthopedic correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion in a growing patient is important as it may predict the future surgical procedures. This article describes about various procedures of growth modification during growth period.

A simple, specific, accurate, precise stability indicating reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of folic acid (FA) and meclizine hydrochloride (MEH).

The external energy supply to the sun is overwhelmingly obvious even before space probes (Voyagers and IBEX) have detected it. The sunspot cycle, the surface temperature, the reverse temperature gradient and the existence of the corona in itself, are some of the outstanding evidence that point to the external energy supply that our star receives. In fact, all the basic features of the Sun are in complete disagreements (or in direct contradictions) with the concepts of the Standard Solar Model (SSM).

During the last decade, the use of traditional medicine has expanded globally and has gained popularity. It has not only continued to be used for primary health care of the poor in developing countries, but has also been used in countries where conventional medicine is predominant in the national health care system. The aim of our research was to develop a model to evaluate the effect of TM. Material and method: We chose one disease, where the AM is used in a high percentage worldwide. We have analyzed Parkinson disease (PD) because 56% of patients use AM.

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the important bacterial pathogen causing a wide spectrum of infections. Eucalyptus species are well known as medicinal plants due to their biological and pharmacological properties. The aim of the present study was to determine the antibacterial activity of eucalyptus oil against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. The MIC of eucalyptus oil was appeared to be 0.06% for S. aureus. The eucalyptus oil is found to have antibacterial activity against S. aureus.

The use of dental implants for the rehabilitation of missing teeth has broadened the treatment options for patients and clinicians equally. The use of dental implants has increased dramatically in the past two decades as a result of advancements in research in implant design, materials and techniques, and is expected to expand further in the future. However the clinical complexity of the patient who present with limited bone volume often requires additional biomaterials and surgical procedures to ensure successful implant treatment.

Background: Lymphadenopathy (LAP) is a commonly encountered clinical problem in the pediatric population which has a multitude of causes. Cervical lymphadenopathy is the commonest form of peripheral lymphadenopathy and is a major concern amongst the parents. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymph node has become an integral part of the initial diagnosis and management of patients with lymphadenopathy due to early availability of results, simplicity, and minimal trauma with less complication.

Electrosurgeries are performed routinely in clinical dentistry, and it has a great relevance to general dentists as it provides a bloodless field while performing the gingivectomy, gingivoplasty, crown lengthening, frenectomy, depigmentation etc. But the overzealous use of electrocautery leads to delayed wound healing leading to sometimes necrosis of alveolar bone and gingiva. The present case reports the osteonecrosis of the alveolar bone of the mandible following a careless handling of electrocautery while managing a case of gingival hyperpigmentation.

Aim: To evaluate antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of curcumin against Candida albicans and steptococcus mutans by agar well diffusion method. Background: Oral pathogens such as streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans are associated with severe human diseases.The alarming incidence of antibiotic resistance amongst the microbes, has led to the search of alternative antimicrobial drugs from medicinal plant to treat these infections. Curcumin, an active product of turmeric (curcuma longa) has broad spectrum of biological actions.

Aim: The aim of the study is to describe the attitude of year three dental students towards prosthodontic clinical decision-making for edentulous patients. Objective: The objective of the study is to describe the attitude of year three dental students towards prosthodontic clinical decision-making for edentulous patients and to identify whether there are gender differences in these attitudes. Background: Decision making is an essential part of all healthcare delivery.

Liver is one of the largest and most vital organs in human body and the chief site for intense metabolism and excretion. It has a surprising role in the maintenance, performance and regulating homeostasis of the body. It is involved with almost all the biochemical pathways to growth, fight against disease, nutrient supply, energy provision and reproduction. The major functions of the liver are carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism, detoxification, secretion of bile and storage of vitamin. Thus, to maintain a healthy liver is a crucial factor for overall health and well-being.

Background: Surgical resection is the only potentially curative therapy for pancreatic and periampullary cancer. The morbidity and mortality of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is related to the outcome of anastomosis. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected datafrompatients undergoing PD for pancreatic or peri-ampullary cancers between 2010 and 2014.Whipple’s pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed by three expert, senior surgeons.

The relationship between periodontal and endodontic disease has aroused confusion, queries and controversy. Differential diagnosis has always been difficult for periodontal and endodontic diseases. A symptomatic tooth may have pain of periodontal or pulpal origin. The nature of pain for that symptomatic tooth helps in determining the etiology of such a problem. Radiographic and clinical diagnosis helps in clarifying the nature of the problem. In some cases, the influence of pulpal pathology may create periodontal involvement. In others, periodontal pathology may create pulpal pathology.

The objective of present empirical piece of research work is to examine the predicting effect of gender on stress coping strategies. Following the stratified random sampling technique 360 college going students within the age range of 18 to 21 years were drawn from different college of, Durg districts, to serve as participants in the present research work. In present research work correlational research design was employed. Stress coping strategies were measured by coping resistance scale (Shrivastva, 2001).

An ectopic pregnancy, is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo implants outside the uterine cavity (Page et al., 1976). Generally ectopic pregnancies are not viable. Furthermore, they are dangerous for the mother, since internal haemorrhage is a life-threatening complication. Most of the ectopic pregnancies occur in the fallopian tube, but implantation can also occur in the cervix, ovaries, and abdomen. An ectopic pregnancy is a medical emergency, and, if not treated properly, can lead to death.

Cracked tooth is a distinct type of longitudinal fracture which may extend through one or both of the marginal ridges (through the proximal surface). It is caused by occlusal forces, either large forces on a normal tooth or normal force on a weakened tooth. Cracked tooth by itself is not a diagnosis, but is a clinical finding. A cracked tooth can act as a pathway for ingress of bacteria causing pulpal and/or periapical inflammation or disease. Early diagnosis followed by proper treatment planning and periodic follow up evaluation is the goal standard protocols in treating cracks.

Introduction: Internet use in India is increasing globally and has become a major part of daily life. Use of technology by health professionals for education and clinical care is evolving interest. College students are vulnerable to developing dependence on internet due to ease of use, unlimited access, limited supervision. They use internet for social media, email and online medical records.

To compare energy expenditure of ambulation on even indoor and uneven outdoor surface in CP children as well as between CP and asymptomatic children. Objective: To find out and compare physiological cost index on even indoor and uneven outdoor surface during walking in spastic CP and asymptomatic children. To correlate gross motor function and PCI. Method: 30 CP children and 30 asymptomatic children between 3 to 17 years walked for 6 minute on indoor even and uneven outdoor surfaces. Their energy expenditure was measured by physiological cost index.

An ideal dosage regimen in the drug therapy of any disease is the one, which immediately attains the desire therapeutic concentration of drug in plasma (or at the site of action) and maintain constant for the entire duration of treatment. To fulfill these medical needs, Formulator have devoted considerable efforts for developing a novel type of dosage form for oral administration known as mouth dissolving tablets (MDT).

Background: Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a common cause for concern among reproductive women, sometimes debilitating, for which patients seek advice in gynecology outpatient department. The aim of the study was: 1.To categorize women with AUB attending a rural teaching hospital according to new classification system PALM-COEIN by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO). 2.To collect clinical and histopathologic data based on new terminology and definitions. 3.To correlate the clinical and pathologic features.

Lymphangiomas are rare benign hamartomas that result from maldevelopment of primitive lymphatic sacs. They are most frequently found in the neck and axilla, while intra-abdominal and mediastinal lymphangioma are uncommon. Lymphangiomas are rare pediatric tumors and very fewer cases reported in adults according to the literature. Therefore this article discusses a case report of cystic lymphangioma of 22 year old male patient with a brief review on its clinicopathologic presentation, classification, diagnostic techniques and its management.

Aim: To study the effects of Zumba dance in the management of stress. Background: Stress is a part of daily living and it can be considered as a natural human phenomenon. Basically, stress refers to the feeling of being under unbearable mental and emotional pressure. It may affect an individual’s feelings, thoughts, behaviour, and physiology. Stress can be caused by various life’s demands, which include work, academic, relationships and financial. Different people have different ways of dealing with stress, depending on the individual.

Introduction: Low flow venous malformations are characteristic lesions with unique presenting features. The most common sites of occurrence are the cheek and the ear in the midface region. Most centres recommend sclerotherapy as the first line of treatment for low flow vascular malformations. We report a case of low flow vascular malformation in the buccal mucosa treated successfully by wide excision and reconstructed with buccal pad of fat. Case report: A 26 year old patient reported to our hospital with a painless swelling in the buccal mucosa.

Type 2 diabetes (maturity onset diabetes) occurring in and around the age of 40 is also showing a rising trend in thyroid dysfunction. Present work in Saharanpur (U.P.) India was carried out to know the relationship if any between the two disorders. Thyroid function in normal groups and type 2 diabetic patients were carried out. Biochemical parameters such as – fasting plasma glucose TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormone), T3 (Triidothyronine), T4 (Thyroxin) were measured in different groups for assessment.

Dagdha vranas (Burn wounds) are very frequently and commonly seen in society, which are difficult to heal and leads to the intolerable painful condition to the subject. Such a burn conditions can be treat by topical applications in modern science, but none is perfect. In a case one of the important Upkrama described by Acharya Sushruta i.e. Patradana tried with Kadali Patra as a covering dressing after application of Yastimadhu ghrita in burn wound. Kadali Patradana is effective in burn wound management.

Objective: To investigate the effect of aliskiren by expression of matrix metalloproteinase- 3 (MMP-3); Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) on kidney of rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO).In addition, to explore its action in the process of renal interstitial Fibrosis. Materials and Methods: 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group and treatment group.

Introduction: The intracranial lesions in the third ventricle can have a variety of clinical manifestations. Masses related to the anterior recesses or floor of the third ventricle may manifest as dysfunction of the hypothalamic–pituitary hormonal axis. Masses of the posterior wall of the third ventricle, foramen of Monro masses, and intraventricular masses often manifest as hydrocephalus accompanied mostly by headaches.

World Health Organisation estimates that 422 million adults aged over 18 years were living with diabetes in 2014 and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus has risen dramatically over the past two decades. Diabetes if not controlled causes severe neurological complication that impact significantly on quality of life Material and method: This was a hospital based cross sectional study, conducted among 616 diabetics. Patients with other potential causes of neurological disorders were excluded from study. After written consent, detailed History and neurological examination of patients was done.

A total of 100 cases of soft tissue tumor was studied by fine needle aspiration cytology and was compared by histopathological examination. In this, 60 cases were benign, 33 were malignant and 7 cases were inconclusive on FNAC. On histopathological and IHC study the accuracy rate of benign tumors were 91.1% and of malignant 90.8%. The overall accuracy rate was 89.8%. So FNAC is considered as a useful, cost effective procedure for primary diagnosis and recurrent tumors and should be used as a primary complementary method.

Background: Deficits in daytime performance due to sleep loss are experienced universally and associated with a significant social, financial, and human cost. Overall, immunity decreases, a state of systemic inflammation with increased inflammatory markers ensues, and several hormones become up regulated. Underlying mechanisms involve modulation of immune inflammatory mechanisms. These changes might contribute to potentiation of destructive periodontal disease. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess if there is an association of sleep deprivation with chronic periodontal diseases.

Purpose: Chronic periodontitis (CP), the commonest type of periodontal disease caused progressive loss of attachment and bone loss. It is closely related to several systemic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The link between periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease(CKD) may be due to infection and inflammation. The periodontal inflammatory state may increases the chronic inflammation present in CKD, thus decreasing renal function. Periodontal therapy may reduce inflammation and improves endothelial function.

Objective: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficiency of microabrasion, enamel remineralising agent and resin infiltration technique in treatment of white spot lesion. Materials and Methods: Ninety extracted teeth with no visible enamel defects were taken. The teeth were then subjected to demineralisation cycle for 2 weeks. The samples after demineralisation were divided into three groups of thirty teeth each: GROUP A treated with microabrasion technique, Group B s treated with remineralising agent, Group C treated with resin infiltration technique.

Introduction: Carcinoma breast is one of the commonest cancer in women, both in western world and in developing countries like India. Breast carcinoma is a hormone dependant disease. Immunohistochemical prognostic and predictive markers ER, PR and Her2/neu significantly influences prognosis, survival and selection of therapy in female breast cancer cases.

The “All-on-Six” concept is based on the placement of six implants in the anterior part of fully edentulous jaws to support a provisional, fixed, and immediately loaded full-arch prosthesis. “All on six” concept of implants for supporting fixed prostheses can be considered a viable treatment modality resulting in a simple and less time consuming procedure, significantly less morbidity, decreased financial costs and a more comfortable postsurgical period for the patients.

Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk for sexually Transmitted Infections (STI). Because STI, and the behaviors associated with acquiring them, increase the likelihood of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection, STI incidence among MSM may also be an indicator of higher risk for subsequent HIV infection. This research is observational, as sample are gays living in Central Java Indonesia in September-October 2016. The sample size was 50 gay obtained randomly.

Statement of problem: The presence of ferrule is hypothesized to protect the tooth from wedging stresses in post restored teeth. Restoration design must provide enough strength to restoration and to abutment teeth to resist occlusal forces. It is important to evaluate the optimum ferrule length in various post and core restorations that must be incorporated in endodontically treated teeth to increase its fracture resistance.

Traumatic or irritation fibroma is a benign exophytic oral lesion that develops secondary to tissue injury. It is the benign reactive lesion, and the treatment of choice is surgical excision. Here is the series of two cases of irritational fibromas in buccal mucosa and hard palate regions which were managed by excision biopsy and were diagnosed as irritation fibroma after histopathologic evaluation.

Understanding of growth events is of importance in orthodontics. To know the exact status of growth, for treatment planning and treatment prognosis skeletal maturity indicators are used. The most widely used method for skeletal maturation analysis is hand wrist bone radiograph. The assessment of degree of cervical bone maturation is another method for assessing skeletal maturation. The present study is to find the possible concordance between hand wrist bone radiograph and cervical vertebral analysis using lateral cephalograph.

Pulpal necrosis of an immature tooth caused by caries or trauma may lead to potential complications. Regenerative endodontic procedures are biologically based procedures which deals with the regeneration of pulp like tissue, more idealistically the pulp-dentin complex. These case reports describe the treatment of immature permanent teeth with periapical lesion which were treated with regenerative approach. The root canal was gently debrided of necrotic tissue and irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl, and then medicated with triple antibiotic paste.

Recurrent laryngeal papillomatosis is a rare chronic disease of viral etiology affecting most commonly larynx and paediatric age group. A 7 year old child with stridor was posted for laser excision of papilloma and managed with apnoeic anaesthesia with intermittent ventilation. The objective of our case was to review safety and efficacy of AAIV technique. At the end of case we observed. AAIV technique provides better visualization and immobile field for operation without any serious outcome.

Candidiasis, a common opportunistic fungal infection of the oral cavity is caused by Candida species. There are many risk factors involved including the use of prosthetic dentures with poor denture hygiene. We hereby present a case of an elderly female wearing maxillary and mandibular complete dentures for 20 years with poor denture hygiene. She complained of burning sensation in the mouth for 1 week. After complete examination, a provisional diagnosis of Pseudomembranous candidiasis W.R.T mandibular ridge and Atrophic candidias is W.R.T maxillary ridge and the hard palate was made.

Management of orthodontic cases often requires extraction of permanent teeth. The decision to extract the teeth or not depends upon the arch length tooth material discrepancies, the growth pattern, general profile, and arch asymmetries. Earlier, annon-extraction approach or an approach involving the extraction of all four first premolars was the primary basis of treatment planning in orthodontics. However, an alternative orthodontic treatment modality involving the unilateral extraction of premolar in borderline cases has gained popularity nowadays.

Renal impairment has long been known to affect woundhealing. However, information on differences in the spectrum of wound healing depending on the type of renal insufficiency is limited. Acute kidney injury (AKI) may be observed with different wound types.

Ovulation is the central event in female production. Coordinated effects of hypothalamic gonadotropin releasing hormones, pituitary gonadotropins, ovarian estrogens and follicular response to these effects result in ovulation. Any derangement of the above factors results in ovarian dysfunction. In classical Unani literature, various physicians mentioned the detailed description of female genital organs.Soranus of Ephesus (98- 138 AD) father of gynaecology, gave a detailed description of ovaries noting their shape, size and position.

Broken heart syndrome (BHS), which was first reported in 1991, is an acute cardiomyopathy that mimics an acute coronary syndrome with left ventricular systolic dysfunction without obstructive coronary artery disease. Its prevalence is approximately 1.2-2% in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary catheterization. Chest pain is the most common clinical presentation. Sudden cardiac death due to ventricular fibrillation could be the first clinical manifestation. The patients are mostly postmenopausal women.

Background: Non-medical use of medications is defined as the use of treatment for disorders which self-diagnosed. There are multiple factors could shape such use like; age, education, family, and society. Objectives: The current study was carried out to estimate prevalence of non-medical use of analgesics and to investigate potential risk factors of nonmedical use of analgesics among (Al-Azhar university) medical students. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study which was conducted during the period (March to May 2016) using self administered questionnaire.

Sustainable Introduction Urinary retention in females is very uncommon. Careful evaluation including detailed history, physical examination and urodynamics is required to find out any reversible pathology. Surgical treatment in women should be approached with caution as it carries significant risk of injury to sphincter and incontinence and intervention requires an individualized approach based on careful evaluation.

Hepatitis B viral (HBV) load monitoring is mainly important for the patients suffering from liver related diseases. Several techniques have been established to identify the viral load in the patients such as serological tests and various types of PCR. In this cohort we describe the validation and implementation of cost-effective quantitative real-time PCR for Hepatitis B viral load detection. The use of Quantstudio 3D digital PCR for the preparation of in-house standards also makes the technology more cost-effective and sensitive.

Aim and Objective: This study is aimed in determining the prevalence of different bacterial isolates and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern from the patients with respiratory tract infections. Introduction: Respiratory tract infection is one of the most widespread infections that can affect the individuals of all the age Groups and have serious manifestations. There is an emerging antibiotic resistance among the pathogens causing RTI’s that leads to therapeutic failures in these patients.

This study was done to determine different palatal rugal patterns amongst untreated patients with class I, class II and class III malocclusion and hence use it as an additional criteria for classifying malocclusions. 4 parameters (Mean Length, Mean Width of Rugae, Total number of Rugae present and Presence or Absence of Union of any rugae) were taken to assess any significant feature present amongst the above mentioned malocclusions.

The appropriate use of antimicrobial agents is crucial for patient’s safety and public health. One way of optimizing antibiotic use is to switch earlier from intravenous to oral therapy. The main types of conversion are sequential therapy, switch therapy and step down therapy. The aim of the study is to evaluate the practice of conversion of intravenous (IV) to oral antibiotics and to assess the rationality of antibiotic therapy. A prospective observational study was done for a period six months at a tertiary care hospital, Palakkad.

Purpose: To evaluate and compare anxiety levels in children prepared for oral prophylaxis and topical fluoride varnish application using three behavior shaping techniques- tell-show-do, live modeling and filmed modeling. Methods: Sixty three subjects (7-9 years) with Frankl’s score 3 and 4 were allocated in three groups using randomized block design, each group having 21 patients.

Platelet concentrates (PC), also known as platelet gel or plasma rich in growth factors is supra-physiological concentrate of platelet in plasma, derived from autologous blood after its centrifugation. It has dynamic use in regenerative and repair therapy. It gained popularity in late 1970s in Europe, wherein fibrin sealants were used for haemostasis and tissue closure.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with hydroxyapatite (HA) in healing of post surgical osseous defects clinically and radio graphically. To evaluate the role of PRP in modifying the physiologic response to grafting of alveolar bone defects in maxillofacial region. Methods: After selection according to inclusion and exclusion criterias, 40 patients were selected.

Accurate age estimation of these fetuses can be very important to medico-legal authorities, particularly as it is sometimes necessary to determine if these fetuses are those of a full-term or a pre-term fetus. Age estimation is usually the primary characteristic for identification and is often the only means of identification for fetuses since they do not usually have any other type of identification with them. Age estimation can also play an important role in the prosecution of forensic cases.

Sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrests are the most common cause of death worldwide. This mortality rate can be significantly reduced with the provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This narrative reviewuses a constructionist framework, and examines factors related to the provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Introduction: For many years, sodium hypochlorite and 2 % chlorhexidine have been used for eradication of E faecalis. But side effects caused by sodium hypochlorite and constant increase in antibiotic resistant strains has shifted attention towards herbal alternatives. Aim: To evaluate and compare the antibacterial efficacy of herbal irrigants like Morinda citrifolia, Propolis, green tea with gold standard Sodium Hypochlorite and Chlorhexidine Methodology: Muller Hinton agar plates were prepared and incubated for 24 hours at 37°C.

Introduction: leprosy is the most common treatable peripheral nerve disorder. As high resolution sonography provides objective measurements of nerve thickening, we used it to demonstrate nerve enlargement in leprosy patients. Aim and objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the usefulness of high resolution sonography in assessing nerve damage in leprosy patients Materials and methods: We performed bilateral high resolution sonography of ulnar, median and common fibular nerves in 20 leprosy patients and 20 healthy controls.

This study was carried out with the objective of investigating the relationship between the type of motivational regulation of behavior, the perception of competence and autonomy with the educational backwardness of psychology students. It was carried out with a population of 340 students, of which 28% were male and 72% were female.

Introduction: Antenatal care (ANC) refers to the care of the woman during pregnancy. The primary aim of antenatal care is to achieve at the end of the pregnancy, a healthy mother and a healthy baby. The maternal mortality and morbidity continue to be high despite the existence of national programs for improving maternal and child health in India. This could be related to several factors, an important one being non-utilization or under-utilization of maternal health-care services.

Objective-To diagnose hyperacute(<3hrs duration of symptoms) ischemic infarct and differentiating penumbra from core infarct by using CT perfusion technique. Material and method- The study was conducted on 40 patients of acute stroke using 128 slice MDCT scanner first NCCT were done to rule out hemmoragic infarction and other pathologies followed by 40 milliliters of a nonionic contrast agent at a rate of 4 mL/sec. 5 seconds after initiation of the injection, a cine (continuous) scan was initiated for duration of 45 seconds.

Objective: Detecting solitary or multiple pulmonary cavitary lesions on multi detector CT scan of the chest and assessing the role and value of multi detector CT in diagnosing the nature and causes of pulmonary cavitary lesions. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on a 16 slice multi detector CT scanner (GE BRIGHT SPEED ELITE 16 SLICE).

Free radicals are the molecules or molecular species containing one or more unpaired electrons with independence existence. Reactive Oxygen Species are constantly formed during normal cellular metabolism (lipid peroxidation) and due to various environmental influences (ionizing radiations). Free radicals are highly reactive, capable of damaging almost all type of bio-molecules, and have been implicated in the causation of many diseases including periodontitis.

Removal of an injured or diseased body part is called amputation. The etiology for amputation may be traumatic injury, or a planned operation to prevent the spread of the disease in an infected finger or hand. Extra-oral prostheses are generally made of silicones to match the skin colour, provides life like appearance, good retention, and comfort for the patient. This case report describes the rehabilitation of a patient with partially amputated index finger with silicone.

The cardinal object of the present study was to investigate the mental health status and marital adjustment of the working and non- working women. The present study consisted sample of 60 women subjects (30 working and 30 non- working women), selected through random sampling technique from Srinagar city of Garhwal, (Uttarakhand). Data was collected with the help of Mental Health Inventory developed by Dr. A. K. Sharivastava and Dr. Jagdish and Marital Adjustment inventory constructed by P. Kumar and K. Roshatgi. For data analysis and hypothesis testing Mean, SD, and t-test was applied.

Careful attention and meticulous treatment planning are the most important factors in full mouth rehabilitation. It is a biggest challenge to restorative clinicians. Efficient diagnosis and elaborate treatment planning is required to develop ordered occlusal contacts and harmonious articulation in order to optimize stomathognathic function, health and esthetics which then translates to patient’s comfort and satisfaction. With early loss of posterior teeth and the collapse of occlusion results in the loss of normal occlusal plane and the reduction of the vertical dimension of occlusion.

Dermato fibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is considered to be a very rare, low-grade sarcoma of fibroblast origin from the Dermis of the skin. Controversy exists regarding its tissue origin. In present prospective study 10 patients in age group of 32-70 years, 07 females and 03 males all except 01 belonging to Hindu religion formed base of the data. Clinical examination, FNAC and histological study fetched the diagnosis.

Objectives: Evaluate and compare the effect of saliva and blood contamination on dentine during the bonding procedure on shear bond strength of self etch and total etch adhesives, and to Compare the difference between the two contaminants in bond strengths. Methods: 38 freshly extracted human mandibular and maxillary molar teeth, intact and caries free. Occlusal surface of the teeth was reduced at 2 mm deep leaving a flat dentinal surface. The teeth’s were mounted on plastic jigs, filled with self-cured acrylic.

Dental unit waterlines may be heavily contaminated with microorganisms and are a potential source of infection for both practicing staff and immunocompromised patients. Contamination of dental unit water lines can be inhibited with the use of disinfectants. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of commercially available Aloe Vera, 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and 5gms sodium dichloroisocynurate (NaDCC) in controlling microbial contamination of dental unit water systems.

Hydatid disease is a common parasitic infestation that is endemic in many parts of the world. Hydatid primary affects the liver but secondary involvement due to haematogenous spread occurs any part of body. However primary peritoneal Hydatid is very rare, either resulting from spontaneous spread of cysts or occurring after operations involving hydatid in other regions.

There are many reports talking about rising incidence of oral cancer from many parts of the world, this incidence has gone up reasonably. It is known that oral cancer increases with person’s age, previous studies have demonstrated an increasing incidence of tongue cancer and in the mouth of young males. Several studies by many authors also suggested that 4 to 6% of oral cancers occur at ages younger than 40 years.

Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is one of the most common troublesome microvascular complications and it has also got some oxidative stress mechanism associated with nerve damage, followed by structural and functional change. The present study aimed in assessing the antioxidant superoxide dismutase activity in type 2 diabetes patients with neuropathy. The study was conducted with 109 diabetic neuropathy patients from the out patients endocrinology department of Ramakrishna Mission Seva Pratishthan, Kolkata. 30 healthy controls were also taken in this study.

Owing to the bioevolution link existed between the two basic electron, proton dependent metabolic reaction system of obtaining of ATP during last 4 billion years had been formed and developed a living processes in our planet.

Allergic rhinitis is considered to be a major health problem that impairs quality of life. Insufficient response to treatment and declining quality of life illustrate the continuing need to find new treatment modalities for allergic rhinitis (AR). Escitalopram, anewer anti-depressants of SSRI class is one of the most favoured antidepressants for the patients of mood disorder. It is a S - enantiomer ofcitalopram so it lacks the antihistaminic properties.

Back ground: Relation between inadequate sleep and health outcomes among youth require identifying its modifiable determinants. Television has been associated with reduced sleep time, but our knowledge about small screens influence is restricted. Objectives Therefore, we analyzed the association of different screens in sleep environments with duration of sleep & perception of insufficient sleep or rest.

Background: Exclosures are among degraded land rehabilitation strategies which are practiced in Ethiopia. However, due to lack of environmental and socio-economical virtues most exclosure are attributed negatively by local people and hence their sustainability left at risk. A study was carried out on two selected kebeles to investigate the effectiveness of exclosure in achieving the goal of environmental conservation and improving community livelihood strategy.

Twelve green gram varieties including both elite entries and released varieties procured from the AICRP on MULLaRP (Mungbean, Urdbean, Lentil, Lathyrus, Rajmah and Peas), Main Agriculture Research Station University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad and they were analysed for proximate composition and mineral content.

Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) contributes to approximately half of all cases of hospital-acquired pneumonia. VAP is estimated to occur in 9–27 % of all mechanically ventilated patients. Due to increase in incidence of drug resistance among the VAP isolates, correct diagnosis is a challenge for an accurate management.

The study was aimed to know water quality from analysis of physico-chemical characteristics of Pavana River, Pune from September 2016 to February 2017. Due to the increase in population and industrialization, there shall be a necessity to understand the present status of Pavana River. The study was also aimed to find strong correlation between two parameters in three seasons. The experiment was carried out for three season i.e. Monsoon, Post-monsoon and Pre-monsoon. The water sample is collected from river as the depth changes.

Introduction: Fluorosis an endemic problem affects many tissues including endocrine glands such as thyroid. Iodine deficiency remains the most common cause of primary hypothyroidism worldwide. Fluoride and iodine are both halogens. Fluoride, the negative ion of the element fluorine, easily displaces iodine in the body because it is much lighter and therefore more reactive.

In today’s global era, peoples are demanding for more personalized tailors, designed garments. The most prime process in garment production is sewing. Final look of the garment is successful when the sewing is proper. Ultimately the proper sewing leads to many factors.

In present work an attempt has been made to assess the variations in physico-chemical parameters in the lake waters of Pedda Cheruvu lake Dubbak, Siddipet District, Telangana state. The study is carried out for a period of one year from may 2015 to April 2016. Monthly data has been collected and assessed seasonally. Different Physico-Chemical parameters like Air Temperature, Water Temperature, Turbidity, pH, DO, Calcium, Magnesium, Chlorine, Phosphates, Nitrates, Nitrites, Sulphates and Silicates were analyzed at monthly intervals.

The present review highlights the multifaceted prospect of aquatic legume Neptunia oleracea Lour as food, medicinal plant and biofertilizer. The bibliographic data of the plant summarizes the parts used, its uses and country with references. The common chemical constituents of the plant responsible for the treatment of various ailments are given. It also describes the methodology and magnitude of its various biological activities. High nutritious value, high antioxidant an activity shown by the plant makes these plants an ideal food.

Background: Recently, Acinetobacter has emerged as significant hospital pathogen, notoriously known to acquire antibiotic resistance to most of the commonly prescribed antimicrobials. Many risk factors are associated with Acinetobacter infections, especially in patients in intensive care unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to isolate Acinetobacter species from clinical specimens and its antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Material and Methods: Identification of Acinetobacter spp.

Vibrio alginolyticus, Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio harveyi is a notorious seafood borne pathogen with a high mortality rate. This is ubiquitously present in marine environments, particularly in tropical water. In these studies, the prevalence of Vibrio sp. in fishes caught off Chennai coast of Indian Ocean are determined. Commercially important fishes were analyzed for the occurrence of vibrios of which some of them were harbored fishes. The prevalence of Vibrio harveyi constitutes about 14%, 17% and 8% of total vibrio isolated from fish.

A study was undertaken to survey the prevalence of viral diseases of poultry in Mizoram during March 2013 to February 2014. Out of 476 poultry carcasses examined, 208 (43.69%) cases were diagnosed as viral diseases. Only 10 cases of infectious laryngotracheitis (2.10%) could be diagnosed basing on the clinical history, gross and histopathology, which were found to affect the birds older than 3 weeks with higher incidences (40.00%) in 3-6 and 6-9 weeks followed by 9-12 weeks of age (20.00%) with morbidity and mortality rates of 20-40% and 2-5% respectively.

Background: Cryptococcus laurentii is one of the several non neoformans Cryptococci that has rarely been associated with human infection. However in recent years, there has been an increase in incidence of opportunistic infections with Cryptococcus laurentii. Cryptococci are a saprophytic fungi present in soil contaminated with bird droppings mainly pigeons, roosting sites and decaying vegetables. Some authors reported a case of pulmonary cryptococcosis caused by C. laurentii in a diabetic AIDS patient who was on antituberculosis and antiretroviral treatments.

Phosphorus (P) is one of the major essential macronutrients for plants and is applied to soil in the form of chemical P fertilizer, however the synthesis of chemical P fertilizer is a highly energy intensive processes, and has long term implications on the environment in terms of eutrophication, soil fertility depletion, destruction of micro-organisms and carbon footprint. Plants can use only a small amount of applied P, since 75–90% of added P is precipitated by metal–cation complexes, and rapidly becomes fixed in soils.

The present study demonstrates the antimicrobial, polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant potential of brown marine algae collected from the south coast region of Maharashtra. The methanolic extracts were tested against gram positive, gram negative bacteria in an attempt to be used as an alternative to commonly used antibiotics. Both brown seaweed species Sargassum wightii and Ascophyllum nodosum methanolic extracts were found to be active against gram positive as well as gram negative bacteria.

In this study, chitosan nanoparticles were synthesized from chitosan polymer by ionic gelation method. The chitin was first extracted from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and then deacetylated to chitosan. The presence and characterization of chitosan nanoparticles was investigated by UV-Visible Spectroscopy (UV) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The antioxidant property of these chitosan nanoparticles were studied and compare with that chitosan polymer. CSNPs showed higher antioxidant activity than chitosan.

Maize plays a very important role in the daily diet of the Beninese populations with a high level of consumption varying according to the different zones of the country. Among the Beninese food products, maize is the subject of the greatest number of food transformations with about forty derived products, including crispy patties "klèklè (resp. kluiklui)" obtained from flours of dry ordinary (resp. roasted) grains. Rich in carbohydrates, maize kernels are unfortunately poor in protein, lipids, minerals, fibers and vitamins.

Introduction: Edible wild plants are nature’s gift to mankind. Considering the growing need to identify alternative bio-nutritional sources, Solanum trilobatum (L.) of the family Solanaceae was evaluated as wild edible fruit to study their nutritive and mineral composition in order to prioritize their edibility for indigenous people.

Capsicum annuum is a large perennial shrub which has been used in medicine and culinary forms, although, it was used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. For the better growth of this plant, now a day’s organic fertilizer such as vermicompost was used in spite of using inorganic fertilizers like Urea. The usage of Urea in agriculture land also leads to the soil infertility.

Background – Pregnant women are at higher risk of urinary tract infections. Urinary tract infections are most commonly occurring infections in pregnancy leading to multiple complications. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is commonly occurring condition in pregnancy. Material and Methods - A total of 200 antenatal women in their first, second or third trimesters were screened over a period of 1 year, for asymptomatic bacteriuria by collecting 20 ml of clean catched mid stream urine samples.

The History gives some evidence of Indian Agriculture from Vedic Times. Today India is the second agriculture based country in the world. It is the first largest exporting country of agricultural outputs. The growths of technologies are minimizing the challenges before Indian farmers. In this paper the researcher has studied various Literatures contributions about Expert Systems for Pest Management in Agriculture and have developed a general purpose model for the same. This research will be useful to farmers and stakeholders of agriculture to manage and control the pests in scientific way.

In this work, the piezoelectric response of modified asphalt design that can significantly solve damage that arises from overloading and high traffic load effects during the service-life were studied. The piezoelectric response of standard and modified binder with 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% of kaolin and hydrated lime content have been studied using voltmeter and Marshall compressive test machine. The results showed that the addition of kaolin and hydrated lime induces the piezoelectric response compared to the standard asphalt mixture.

India's per capita energy and electricity consumption are less than one tenth of developed countries' per capita consumption. The inequalities in urban vs rural, southern, western and northern region vs eastern and north­eastern region, and higher income vs lower income households are very high. Unfortunately, the regions where large fossil and renewable energy sources are accessible have lesser per capita energy consumption. For sustainable and equitable socio­economic growth such a situation needs to modify.

In this paper, we present some fixed point theorems with best approximation flavor. Our results generalize the results of (8) by relaxing the compactness condition of the set X. The original result in this direction was due to (1) for a continuous map defined on a compact convex set.

It has been established earlier that at higher potency homeopathic drug aggregates achieve nanodimension. For the first time we have utilized this nanoparticle aspect of homeopathic drug in various technical applications, giving birth to the science of Technohomeopathy. We have shown that the thermo- and photo- voltage generation gets enhanced in presence of the homeopathic medicine, triturated Zincum oxydatum- thus making itself an agent for efficient solar energy conversion.

Due to increase of the cyber threats, we have made cyber security paramount for protecting personal and private information to get move secure network in the real time information, we have to provide the most highly secure network environment, network traffic monitoring and the most important threats detection system that is varied from the enterprise networks. In this paper we have concept for the issue of handling the large amount of network traffic data for the enterprise system it can simultaneously provide real time monitoring.

This paper proposes a method to estimate an index of the deficit of water in the system Earth-Atmosphere in the southern region of Chad under the condition of insufficient, even total absence of data traditionally used, i.e. the temperatures of the earth surface and air. This method is based only on the exploitation of the maximum and minimum temperatures of the air since these are the two parameters traditionally registered in almost all the meteorological stations of Chad. The maximum temperature of the air was assimilated to the temperature of the Earth surface.

Odor pollution in the environment will be considered, together with its sources and smattering, the physical and chemical properties of odor, odor emission regulations in selected countries, odor control technologies as well as the state-of-the-art instrumentation and technology that are necessary to monitor odor, e.g., chemical sensors, olfactometry, gas chromatography, and electronic noses. With today’s increasing levels of progress, residential areas are predictably built closer to odour generating facilities pharmaceuticals industries and chemical industrial plants.

The present investigation is aimed to water quality for the ground water samples of Malaiyeedu area Pudukkottai district .Seven groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for some important physico- chemical parameter such as pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Biological Oxygen Demand(BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Calcium(Ca), Magnesium(Mg), Total Hardness (TH), Bicarbonate (HCO3), Carbonate (CO3) and Chloride (Cl) were determined for water samples and the results were compared with standards prescribed by WHO.

Quality of service (QoS) is a key issue of today's IP systems. Numerous structures have been proposed to give benefit separation in the Internet. In the meantime, the Internet is ending up noticeably more heterogeneous because of the current blast of remote systems. In remote situations, data transfer capacity is rare and channel conditions are time-fluctuating and now and then profoundly loss. Numerous past research works demonstrate that what functions admirably in a wired system can't be specifically connected in the remote condition.

Steganography is the old craft of concealing messages. The word steganography originates from Greek inception and signifies "secured or shrouded expressing" in which hiding information is implanted into a blameless looking transporter. The transporter might be a content record, advanced picture, sound document or a video document. After installed information is exchanged crosswise over correspondence diverts or posted openly territories. In this way, the transporter ought to appear to be blameless under generally examinations.

Back propagation Algorithm is a technique to train Artificial Neural Networks to calculate the gradient of the error function with respect to all the weights. This gradient is then used to update the weights to reduce the error function (https://mattmazur.com/2015/03/17/a-step-by-step back propagation-example/). Back propagation Algorithm is a supervised learning approach in neural networks. Open MP is a model used for parallel programming to improve efficiency and time. It is used to produce more efficient neural networks.

Satellite Image is used to analysis the ground area to identify the object. The main barrier of this image processing method is the pixel-wise analysis. The fully convolutional neural network is a popular method to process this type of image processing. However, train stage is taken the maximum computation of this method. Parallelize version of this method to reduce computation time is researching topics, now. But little work is done on optimize the complexity of the algorithm of this method. In this paper, we find an optimized algorithm solution of this algorithm.

Testing of Software is an important phase in the SDLC. This phase not only help to check the quality of the software. This process of testing is divided in two categories, one is Model Based technique and other is code driven testing. Code driven testing is based on the testing complete code (each and every line). Code driven testing is based on a data flow and control flow that is flow is sequential. In model, based testing approach focus is on executable module not on every line of code; reason of this approach is to support third party components, APIs, modules.

Single crystals of Calcium chloride (CaCl2) doped organometallic nonlinear optical material L-asparagine cadmium chloride monohydrate (LACCM) were successfully grown by slow evaporation method at room temperature. Grown crystals were characterized by single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive analysis by X-ray. The second harmonic generation was confirmed by the Kurtz and Perry powder technique. The presences of various functional groups were identified from FTIR spectral analysis.

Twentieth century saw the rapid spread of conventional energy usage worldwide, which brought life changing progress and improvement in quality of life. However, this progress came with a price, global warming and attended risks of climate change, loss of habitat and rise in sea level. The need of the hour is to reduce the rate of global warming. In this article, I have briefly described the history and use of conventional energy sources and the way we can introduce new nonconventional energy sources.

Nitrogen oxides are major pollutants in the atmosphere, being a precursor to acid rain, photochemical smog, and ozone accumulation. Measurements of NO2 and meteorological parameters (temperature, relative humidity, and wind speed) data over a period of two years (October 2014– September 2016) have been utilized to evaluate the NO2 concentration levels over the area Ashok Pillar, Chennai. It is a steamy site which is situated at 13°08′N and 80°27′E on the southeast coast of India. The Diurnal, Seasonal and Annual pattern of NO2 values over the study period has also been analyzed.

When a crime is falsified committed and with intent to deceive is said to be forged. Such Crime is punishable under law. Fraud in banks is more often seen by false documentation, transactions, signatures and invalid KYCs which in turns convert into Fraud and further leads to fraud investigations.

Optimizing matriculation collection is a responsibility of every higher education institution. This study was conducted to optimize matriculation collection through scheduling parameters of Jose Rizal Memorial State University System, school year 2016 – 2017. Descriptive survey method of research was used with the aid of questionnaire checklist which was administered to 360 students, 167 teachers, and 12 tellers in which collected data were treated via frequency count, percent, and Chi-Square test.

Being non-cognate languages, the English and Azerbaijani languages differ greatly in grammatical structure, especially in the ways of expressing future.Being non-native speakers, Azerbaijanis have many difficulties in using proper means of futurity.For to eliminate those difficulties we find it necessary to give step by step analysis of the futurity basing on the principles of comparative typology, especially quantitative typology, which lets usinvestigate future tense in the two compared languages.

The main objective of this study was to investigate teacher’s awareness about multicultural education. To give a response for this objective, 120 Dire Dawa Administration preparatory teachers´ were selected by non-probability sampling method, particularly purposive sampling technique. From these participants, the data was collected by a five point likert scale questionnaire (Validity of the questionnaire as well as clarity of language was checked by multicultural experts and its reliability was calculated using cronbach alpha 0.78).

Architecture speaks of time and evolution, and while it narrates its observations, it unknowingly becomes an epicentre of a lot of 'socio-philic' processes that cultivate art, culture, and religion in which it transforms into an architectural monument. During this monument conversion process, civilisations gradually fit in to become a part of it, and this is exactly how the metamorphosis of towns take place. In exceptional conditions, the adverse of a civilisation first and then a monument later is observed. While this development goes on, a certain configuration of spaces gets generated.

In this paper, the factors affecting technical efficiency of tobacco farmers in Tanzania are examined. Tanzania is the third biggest producer of tobacco in Africa, after Zimbabwe and Malawi. About 0.08 percent of Tanzania’s land (about 34,000 hectares) is allocated for growing tobacco. More so, Tanzania has great potential in tobacco production and it is one of the countries that is expected to dominate the African continent in terms of foreign exchange earnings.

Despite decades of planning, dichotomy of labour market has been one of the salient features of economic development in India. But, it is considered to be a transitory phenomenon in the long run process of economic development. Indian economy has been undergoing liberalisation since 1991. In this context this paper seeks to throw light on the dichotomy of labour market in post-liberalistion period. The paper also analyses the determinants of employment in the informal sector.

This research paper examines the rising development in urban social infrastructure in MMR (Mumbai metropolitan region), India. Contrasting the other planned metropolis of India, MMR was distinctively built as a planned transference of a huge urban city. The study centres on explaining the urban social infrastructure of this specific case study. An urban social infrastructure reflects the social attributes of the urban setting. In the instance of MMR, the government had a social agenda to encourage a social form based on socioeconomic division rather than an cultural one.

This paper is an attempt to analyse the farmers’ opinion about the implementation of the Kisan Credit Card Scheme in Sivagangai Taluk in Tamilnadu. It is mainly based on the primary data collected from 150 KCC holders selected by employing proportionate random sampling technique. The selected KCC holders belong to five villages coming under the area of operation of the Idayamelur Co-operative Society in Sivagangai Taluk of Tamilnadu and engaged in paddy and banana cultivation. The Chi-Square Test and Factor Analysis Approach have been employed to analyse the data.

Sustainable development goal number five aims to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. Kamunge report recommends that schools and universities provide guidance to university applicants to enable them make right choices. The purpose of the study was to explore the correlation between career guidance and career choice among girls in secondary schools in VihigaCounty. For effective career guidance to take place, there ought to be adequate structures, facilities and personell.

Forest and climate are interrelated and the relationship between them is very interesting. The effect of one on the other is very important and decisive. Climate change will affect the environmental conditions to which forest trees are adapted and expose them to new pests and diseases; thus, create additional challenges for forest management and threats the biological diversity in forest ecosystems. In addition to soils, aspect and elevation; climate dictates what will grow when, where and how well.

This paper aims at comparing two great authors of American fiction, John Steinbeck and Francis Scott Fitzgerald. Both authors have similar and different to express the stories. Steinbeck has social background in Southern America among villagers, gardeners, fishermen, labors, and domestic life. He noticed the Indian’s struggle against the existing immigrants to overcome the economic and social condition in Gulf California, La Paz. It was documented in novel The Pearl (1947). He also wrote Travels With Charley (1962) which reflected him and motherland.

Education is a key for national development in general and individual development in particular. The aim of higher education is changing from character development to economic development. With the help of science and technology, the life style of an individual is changing from time to time. Social system is a dynamic process like nature. In the present modern, scientific, technological and globalized word enormous changes are occurring in all the spheres of an individual life. The role and responsibilities of States and Central Government is also changing from time to time.

Burkina Faso’s protected areas are under pressure from human activities, in particular agricultural expansion. In addition to the effects of climate change which are a major cause of land cover modifications. Together, these factors causes the loss of biodiversity in protected areas. The main objective of this study is to analyze changes in the spatial structure of the Deux Balé National Park, Burkina Faso.

Students in Rachuonyo North Sub County have continued to perform poorly in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (K.C.S.E) over the past years. The focus of this study was to look into the selected discipline strategies specifically suspension, manual labour and sending students home to call their parents and how these strategies influence students’ academic performance. The study presents the knowledge of these discipline strategies, how they are executed in schools in Homabay County, Kenya and how they influence the academic performance of high school students.

The extremely importance comes through promotion decisions which it is relating to public officials and its impact on society, especially the high category of employees to whom these decisions belong in the public profession. Promotion of personnel is one of the advantages of public profession. It motivates the souls and performance is better than positively reflected on management through proper management and regularity. Also on the individuals and employees through financial promotion and salary increment.

Recently the evolution of knowledge management has become increasingly important. Nowadays knowledge management has become interesting area for the research purpose for both researchers and practitioners. There are no unique and universally accepted definitions of knowledge management. Many researchers stated that knowledge management is like an engine which accelerates the performance of any organization and organizational economic growth.

The research deals with five different urban centres in Istanbul where high-rise housing has been increasing dramatically since the 2000s. Therefore, the research regards the multi-centred urban residential model being created by high-rise housing structures in the urban tissue. In the framework of the research hypothesis, it is aimed to prove that the character of vertical dense structuring in Istanbul is based on differentiation, form and image making in the expressive quality. The site analysis is realised with the help of the Sign model of Charles Sanders Peirce.

This study aimed to identify the motivational and demotivation factors and of public and private employees from the city of João Pessoa – Paraíba - Brazil. It was developed with a sample of 201 participants, in which 121 were private servers and 80 public servers. The instruments used for data collection were: Motivation Multifactor Scale at Work, complementary issues related to work motivation and the socio-demographic questionnaire. The results showed no differences between the two sectors regarding questions of stability and recognition at work.

System of Transport and conveyance constitutes an amazing chapter in the economic history of Odisha. No study on the economic history of Odisha can be completed without the reference of the means of transport and conveyance. Hence, an attempt has been made in this paper to discuss various means of transport and conveyance in medieval Odisha.

This study focussed on the use of e-resources among faculties and satisfaction with dissemination of information from e-resources available in internet. The study conducted among the faculties of St.Joseph college of Teacher education to find the awareness of educational information disseminate through internet. The majority of the faculty know about the internet resources but proper use of it is very less. Consortium and database are used for educational efficiency is very less by the faculty members.

The objective of this work was to determine the structural components and the forage supply in ryegrass pastures managed at different heights. A randomized block design with four grazing heights (5, 10, 15, and 20 cm) and one with the absence of grazing (30 cm) was adopted. Four repetitions were carried out, totaling 20 experimental units. Sixty days after the emergence of ryegrass cv. Estanzuela 284, grazing began with the use of four sheep testers, grazing for 45 days.

During Student evaluations of their instructors is common practice in higher education. The purpose of this study was to approach the relationship of race with regard to student evaluations. Atraditional end-of-course evaluation form used in the College of Education (COE) at one selected Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in Southeastern North Carolinawas studied. Teaching effectiveness of instructors based on race (Caucasians, African Americans, and other racial groups including Asians, Latinos, and Native Americans) was reviewed using the critical race theory (CRT).

The occurrence of barite mineralization in both the sedimentary and basement rocks in Cross River State shows a genetic linkage in relations to source of the metal for fluids that drain the basements. This agrees with current opinion based on isotopic and fluid inclusion data obtained by previous workers who on the basis of observed strontium data, Pb isotope composition of galena and rare earth element patterns in fluorite suggested that the basement rocks in the Benue trough or their weathered equivalents are likely sources of metal for mineralizing fluids in the Benue trough.

Introduction: Depending upon the environmental conditions, serotype of the virus and the vector, the epidemiology of dengue is changing. The increase in number of cases and the mortality due to dengue fever had been reported by various workers. Therefore to know the status of these, we have planned to do retrospective study with an aim to find out the trends of dengue fever in our tertiary care rural hospital. Material methods: We have conducted a retrospective analysis of cases admitted or visited to our tertiary care hospital during last five years (2012-2016).

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