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Retroperitoneal fibrosis: an institutional experience

Author: 
Dr. Harry Santhaseelan, W. and Dr. Venkata Bhargava Boppana
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Purpose: To study clinical presentation, laboratory results, imaging findings and treatment options and outcomes of retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF). To determine whether it follows the same natural course and response to treatment in the Asian population as in the Western world. Materials and Methods: Medical records of patients diagnosed with RPF on imaging and histopathology between February 2012 and April 2018 were reviewed. Results: Of the 21 patients analyzed, mean age at presentation was 50.81 years. The male to female ratio was 0.9:1. Pain was most common presenting complaint (95.23% cases), almost 85% cases were idiopathic and rests were postradiation induced. The median creatinine level was 1.8 mg/dL. The mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 53.2 mm/h. Hydronephrosis was present in all patients and 47.6% had atrophic kidneys. Diffuse retroperitoneal mass was present in 61.1%. Ureterolysis with lateralization, omental wrapping or gonadal pedicle wrap was done in 17 cases. Two patients underwent uretero-ureterostomy. One patient underwent ileal replacement of ureter, and one ileal conduit. Eighteen patients received concurrent medical treatment, 11 were given tamoxifen, 2 steroids (Prednisolone), and five were given both. Of the 20 patients with follow-up, 70% had complete symptomatic relief; ESR improvement was seen in 77.8%. Follow-up ultrasound showed resolved and decreased hydronephrosis in 20% and 55% respectively. One patient had treatment failure and 17.65% had disease recurrence. Conclusions: RPF is a rare disease with varied presentation and outcomes. The male to female ratio may be equal in Asians and smoking could be lesser contributing factor. More Asian cohort studies are required to support same.

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