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Table of Contents: Volume 16; Issue 01; January 2024

Life Sciences

  1. Hiralal Jana and Debabrata Basu

    India is a global agricultural powerhouse. It is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses, and spices, and has the world’s largest cattle herd (buffaloes), as well as the largest area under wheat, rice and cotton. It is the second largest producer of rice, wheat, cotton, sugarcane, farmed fish, sheep & goat meat, fruit, vegetables and tea. The country has some 195 m ha under cultivation of which some 63 percent are rainfed (roughly 125m ha) while 37 percent are irrigated (70m ha). In addition, forests cover some 65m ha of India’s land. While agriculture’s share in India’s economy has progressively declined to less than 15% due to the high growth rates of the industrial and services sectors, the sector’s importance in India’s economic and social fabric goes well beyond this indicator. First, nearly three-quarters of India’s families depend on rural incomes. Second, the majority of India’s poor (some 770 million people or about 70 percent) are found in rural areas. And third, India’s food security depends on producing cereal crops, as well as increasing its production of fruits, vegetables and milk to meet the demands of a growing population with rising incomes. To do so, a productive, competitive, diversified and sustainable agricultural sector will need to emerge at an accelerated pace. Labour is the most important input in increasing production in traditional agriculture. In the early stage of development, since land was available in plenty increase in labour supply led to the clearing of more land for bringing it under cultivation. Agricultural labourers are socially and economically poorest section of the society. Agricultural labourers households constitute the historically deprived social groups, displaced handicraftsmen and dispossessed peasantry. They are the poorest of the poor in rural India. Their growth reflects the colonial legacy of under development and the inadequacies of planning intervention in the past. The poverty syndrome among agricultural labourers needs to be read against such a background of prolonged rural under development, assetlessness, unemployment, low wages, under-nutrition, illiteracy and social backwardness constitute the poverty syndrome among agricultural labourers. These reinforce each other so as to constitute a vicious circle of poverty. The agricultural labourers are one of the most exploited and oppressed classes in rural hierarchy. It is one of the primary objects of the Five Year Plan to ensure fuller opportunities for work and better living to all the sections of the rural community and, in particular, to assist agricultural labourers and backward classes to come to the level of the rest.

  2. Usman Siswanto, Galih Arvian Riskisetyani, Wike Oktasari, Fahrurrozi and Nanik Setyowati

    Climate change is an escalating global challenge that threatens food security and agricultural livelihoods. Unpredictable climate phenomenon has happened in around the globe in recent years. In the tropical region, including Indonesia, between rainy and dry season has become uncertain. And, the distribution of raining is uneven. Consequently, some region has resulted in the limiting supply of water, such as in a couple part of Central Java, causing dryness. In the face of this phenomenon, cassava emerges as a promising crop with inherent resilience and adaptability. Cassava has been a staple food for millions, particularly in tropical regions. Its deep root system enables access to subsurface moisture during droughts, and its sturdy leaves and stems resist the impacts of extreme weather events and pest invasions. This paper studied the growth response of cassava seedlings at drought stress levels and cassava varieties. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design arranged in factorial (4x2) with 3 replications. The first treatment was drought stress (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%) and the second treatment was cassava varieties (Ketan, Mentega). CI-340 Handheld Photosynthesis System was used to analyse net photosynthetic rate. The results demonstrated that the level of drought stress decreased the net photosynthetic rate, leaf area, root fresh weight, dry root weight but increased root length. Dryness of 75% resulted in 45.06 cm of length root. Cassava variety grown on an extreme drought (75% dry) produced lower leaf area (50 cm2). Stem diameter was bigger on Ketan variety (20.56 mm) compared to Mentega variety (19.54 mm). Number of roots of Ketan variety (42.36) was greater than Mentega variety (24.08). Fresh root weight and dry root weight were correlated with the level of dryness. The drier of media was the lower of root weight, with the result of 8 g for fresh weight and 3 g for dry weight. In conclusion, Ketan variety is more resilient than Mentega variety.

  3. Sujit Kumar Mandal and Sudeshna Mukherjee

    The present research dealing with the analysis of overall distribution, and macrophytic species richness of Dhariahur beel of North Dinajpur district along with the phytoecological studies. A total of 15 macrophytic species belonging to 13 families were recorded. Among these Amaranthaceae and Cyperaceae showed the highest distribution (13%). Therophytes showed the highest dominance (11 species) on the basis of Raunkiaer life form (1934). Helophytes showed highest dominance according to the Cook’s growth form (1996). Multivariate factor analysis have been performed to understand the relationship among the ecological factors.

  4. Jeyashree, K. and Pandiaraja, M.

    Background: Periarthritis shoulder is a common painful musculoskeletal condition. Its prevalence is 2 to 5% in the general population and more common among people with diabetes.The condition usually occurs in three stages and the cause can either be idiopathic (primary) or occurring secondary to any other conditions like fracture , prolonged immobilization etc..We report the case of 66 year old female with the complaint of shoulder pain. On the basis of clinical examination the case was diagnosed as periarthritis shoulder. Methods: Yoga and Naturopathy intervention was given for 15 days in outpatient ward. After the intervention the pain gradually decreased and the range of motion gradually improved. Result: The VAS Scale and SPADI Index showed improvement in scores. No adverse effects were observed during the treatment. Conclusion: Yoga and naturopathy have been shown to decrease the pain and improve the range of motion. Hence this study can be done with large sample size in future with longer duration of course of treatment.

  5. Morteza Haghi and Serpil Erilmez

    Peach latent mosaic viroid (PLMVd) is a chloroplast-replicating RNA that infects peach trees and is known to cause a range of symptoms in its native host, including peach calico and peach mosaic. In this study, 58 isolates from Türkiye and Greece, were subjected to the haplotype network and phylogenetic analysis. A total of 51 haplotypes were detected out of the 58 analyzed sequences, resulting in a haplotypic diversity of 0,99516. Among the populations, the highest number of haplogroups was seen in the Italian population. Phylogenetic analysis revealed two main clusters. Virtual RFLP demonstrated that the BstEII endonucleae can differentiate some of the isolates. These findings demonstrate the variability in the genetic diversity of the populations of Peach latent mosaic viroid in different geographical regions and the importance of identifying and preventing its spread. Therefore, peach farmers in these countries must monitor their crops regularly for the presence of the viroid and take appropriate measures to prevent its spread and manage its impact on their yields.

  6. Flores-Encarnación, M., Aguilar-Gutiérrez, G.R., Cabrera-Maldonado, C. and García-García, S.C.

    Pests such as weeds, pathogens and insects represent a problem for agricultural crops since they significantly reduce crop production. To protect the agricultural crops use significant amounts of synthetic pesticides around the world. However, these chemical compounds have been toxic into the living systems. Thus, new natural pesticides are being investigated which are friendlier to the environment and few effects on human health.

  7. Dr. Pinky Bhagat, Dr. Jahnvi Sharma, Ms. Sharmila Choudhary, Dr. Parul Purohit

    Introduction: Listeria monocytogenes commonly causes food borne infection which is usually harmless but it causes infection in vulnerable group like pregnant women, neonates, elderly and patient suffering from malignant condition or having co-morbidities like COPD and diabetes or on immunosuppressive drug. Listeriosis in neonates can be classified as early onset or late onset. While the early onset disease is due to an in utero infection resulting in abortion, still birth, premature delivery or septicemia, the late onset form occurs due to exposure to organism during vaginal delivery or by cross infection within the nursery. Case Report: Here we report a 1 and ½ month old male child (weight-2.14kg) presented with fever, vomiting and diarrhea and diagnosed as severely malnourished with acute gastroenteritis with severe dehydration and shock with septicemia due to listeria monocytogenes and responded adequately to appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Conclusion: This case highlights the ultimate importance of early identification and timely application of appropriate antibiotics. We need to be more vigilant especially with high risk population with unknown case of fever. This case shows that it is important not to reject “gram positive bacilli” as contaminants without careful examination and correlation with clinical history of the patient.

  8. Erjona Molla and Adisa Teliti

    In the rapidly evolving landscape of contemporary living, the pervasive integration of intelligent technologies into everyday existence has ushered in a paradigmatic transformation. This study investigates the multifaceted repercussions of inhabiting highly automated and smart environments, with a focus on the psychological well-being of individuals. Recognizing the urgent need for age-appropriate and inclusive environments, the World Health Organization underscores the role of intelligent technologies in empowering older adults to enhance their quality of life and prolong residence at home. The methodology involves an in-depth exploration of existing literature, synthesizing research on user experience, social interaction, privacy concerns, and automation anxiety. The literature review spans context-aware and ubiquitous learning, age-friendly cities, and the interplay of privacy concerns, automation anxiety, and user experience. Identified knowledge gaps highlight the fragmented nature of existing research, emphasizing the need for comprehensive investigations into the emotional, cognitive, and social ramifications of living in highly automated settings. Synthesizing research findings with existing literature, this study contributes to a nuanced understanding of the intricate relationship between individuals and highly automated environments. The discussion underscores implications for user-friendly and supportive systems, advocating for interdisciplinary methodologies to address knowledge gaps. In conclusion, ongoing scholarly inquiry remains crucial to ensuring that technological advancements align with the holistic welfare of individuals within an increasingly automated milieu.

  9. Sabista Anjum and Dharmshila kumari

    Urea fertilizer are wide use fertilizer in worldwide due to highly presence of Nitrogen and reduce plant parts damageExtensive uses of Urea fertilizer by farmer in paddy cum fish also exposed to breathing fish, Channapuntata. Present work was designed to evaluate genotoxicity of Urea fertilizer on Channapuntata with two different concentrations of 1.585g/l and 2g/l for duration of 96 hrs. One group takes as control group, which were untreated group. For evaluation two parameter were used that is Chromosomal abnormality (CA) and Micronucleus (MN)Here we conclude higher significant in both parameter, In CA (1.585g/l) 25.3% and (2g/l) 33% respectively as compare to control(20.6%) .In MN (1.585g/l) 0.33% and (2g/l) 0.37% respectively as compare to control 0.12%. There are cytological abnormality were absorbed in these evaluation. Various abnormalities evaluated were –hypoploidy, hyperploidy, clumpiness, stickiness, and chromatic break, chromatic gap, and ring.

  10. Deepshikha, Promil Jain, Gajender, Manjulata Kumawat and Sunita Singh

    Background: Apheresis is a procedure where blood is withdrawn from donor or a patient in anticoagulant solution and separated ex vivo into one or all components using automated cell separators. Single donor platelets (SDP) are prepared by plateletpheresis machine. In this, blood is withdrawn from a single donor and then the platelets are retained and remaining constituents are returned to donor.. SDP concentrate increases platelet count by 30,000 to 40,000/µL. Methods: The present study was conducted prospectively in the Department of Pathology in collaboration with Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion Department and Department of Biochemistry, Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak in 78 healthy plateletpheresis donors over a period of one year. All donors were male. Results: We observed statistically significant decrease in pre and post donation platelets (p value= 0.001), hemoglobin and hematocrit. A statistically significant increase was noted in pre and post donation PDW (p value=0.001). The decrease in serum ionized calcium levels before start of procedure, during and 30mins after the procedure were statistically significant (p value= 0.001, 0.001 and 0.04 respectively).However, non significant increase was noted in pre and post donation MPV and WBC values and decrease in RBC values. The adverse reactions were noted in 7.69% (6) donors which were due to anticoagulant used and managed conservatively by giving oral calcium tablet to donor. Conclusion: Plateletpheresis is a safe procedure for donors. The study concluded that appropriate counselling and selection of plateletpheresis donors should be done. Also, close monitoring and follow up of donors should be carried out to prevent any unfavourable event.

  11. Dr. Abdoalmonim Abdoalrhman Mohammed and Dr. Aymen Nasreldin Abdalkariem

    Implantation is a highly organized process that involves an interaction between a receptive uterus and a competent blastocyst. In humans, natural fecundity suggests that the chance of conception per cycle is relatively low (~30%) and two-thirds of lost pregnancies occur because of implantation failure. Defective implantation leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes including infertility, spontaneous miscarriage, intrauterine fetal growth restriction, and preeclampsia. Theuse of advanced scientific technologies, gene expression analysis, and genetically engineered animal models have revealed critical cellular networks and molecular pathways. However, because of ethical restrictions and the lack of a mechanistic experiment, comprehensive steps in human implantation.Have not completely understood. This review primarily focuses on the recent advances in mechanisms of implantation. Because infertility is an emerging issue these days, gaining an understanding of the molecular and hormonal signaling pathway will improve the outcome of natural pregnancy and assisted reproductive technology.

  12. Mamadou FAYE, Jules DIOUF, Birane DIENG, Modou KA, Doudou THIAM, Ndongo DIOUF, Mame Samba MBAYE and Kandioura NOBA

    Le bassin arachidier sénégalais est l’une des zones agroécologiques les plus importantes pour l’agriculture. Les cultures vivrières y occupent une place importante. Dans les systèmes de culture à base de mil, la production agricole est faible à cause de plusieurs facteurs parmi lesquels la pression des adventices. Il est donc important d’élaborer des stratégies de gestion de l’enherbement pour contribuer à l’amélioration de la production. L’élaboration de ces stratégies passerait par une meilleure connaissance de la flore adventice. C’est dans cette optique que cette étude a été entreprise pour caractériser l’enherbement dans les parcelles de mil. Sur le plan floristique, 142 relevés phytosociologiques des adventices des cultures du mil ont été réalisés selon la méthode du "tour de champs" durant les campagnes agricoles 2020 et 2021 dans la commune de Niakhène situé dans le nord bassin arachidier. Cet inventaire a permis de recenser 103 espèces, 72 genres et 31 familles avec une dominance des Dicotylédones (75,73%). Les Fabaceae (21,33%), Poaceae (17,42%), Convolvulaceae (7,79%), Malvaceae (6,75%) et Rubiaceae (5,82%) sont les familles les plus représentées. Le type biologique des espèces recensées est nettement dominé par les thérophytes avec 77,66%. Sur le plan de la répartition phytogéographique, les espèces d’origine africaine sont dominantes. Elles regroupent près de 43,68% des espèces répertoriées suivies des espèces à affinité pantropicales avec 28,16%. L’analyse de l’indice partiel de nuisibilité (IPN) révèle que 36 espèces réparties dans 3 groupes présentent une nuisibilité prononcée à la culture du mil. Les espèces Merremia pinnata, Hibiscus cannabinus Digitaria horizontalis, Crotalaria podocarpa, Bulbostylis hispidula, Cyperus rotundus, Spermacoce stachydea, Phyllanthus pentandrus et Eragrotis tremula ont un IPN plus important. Ces espèces adventices doivent faire l’objet d’une stratégie de gestion efficace pour améliorer les rendements du mil.

Physical Sciences and Engineering

  1. SANANE Inoussa, CISSE Aboubacar and BAZONGO, Pascal

    Producers (SCOOPS-PC) of the Pa cotton-growing area in Balé Province. The results indicated that 100% of seed producers use pesticides to control weeds and pests. The constraints to cotton seed production include the unavailability of some inputs and the abundance of weeds and pests. To ensure sustainable improvement in seed production and quality, seed growers suggested proposals and solutions. They recommended the timely provision of inputs and measures to control weeds and pests.

  2. Rachel Joseph and Selvaraju Sivamani

    The main focus of this research paper is to examine the correlation between students' motivation and their academic performance. A crucial connection needs to be established between motivated students and their academic achievement. Higher levels of motivation exhibit a significant impact on academic performance. Barriers to academic achievement include personal circumstances and learning disabilities. Moreover, the relationship between academic performance and students' motivation is not always straightforward due to complications involving student engagement. The study employs a primary quantitative data gathering method to collect relevant and topic-related data. Numerical information is collected to gain insights into key aspects of academic success. The collected data is statistically analysed using SPSS software. Utilizing 13 survey questions—3 related to demographics and 10 pertaining to variables—researchers gather information about the research topic. A total of 55 respondents from diverse categories participated in this data collection process. Motivation, self-belief, and various external factors significantly influence academic performance in this study.

  3. OUEDRAOGO Mamadou, LAMIEN Kassiénou and SOMA Mifiamba

    The moving mesh method is used to simulate the Saint Venant-Exner equation. Like the exact solution is unavailable and in order to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy property of this method, we compare the numerical solution with a reference one obtained using a very fine mesh. The results obtained give good agreement between reference solutions and numerical solutions.

  4. Amit Bara

    This study aims to explore the possible relationship between economic growth and pollutant emissions in Dhanbad, Jharkhand. Specifically, the focus will be on three pollutants: nitrogen dioxide (NO_2 ), particulate matter (PM10) and sulphur dioxide (SO_2 ). The results of Sequential Mann-Kendall test statistics indicate that per capita GDDP has been increasing since 2015, which is statistically insignificant. However, there is a significant SQ-MK change point for pollutant emission levels in this analysis. The study also shows that economic growth correlates with higher levels of pollutant emissions. According to the study, there is a significant negative relationship between per capita GDDP and nitrogen dioxide concentration, with a correlation coefficient of -0.72. The study also found a negative correlation between GDDP and particulate matter (PM10) concentration, with a correlation coefficient of -0.3. Furthermore, the study suggests a strong negative correlation between GDDP and sulphur dioxide concentration in the context of Dhanbad, with a correlation coefficient of -0.8. According to the EKC analysis, nitrogen dioxide concentration, particulate matter (PM10) concentration, and sulphur dioxide concentration exhibit a statistically significant U-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve.

  5. Joseph Justin Rebello1 and Mary Mrudhula, P.L.

    This research model explored different time series modelling approach over Crude oil prices. In time series analysis, we assume that the current price of crude oil reflects the effect of all the influencing factors. So that the price forecasting of the crude oil can be done using the past crude oil prices. The main assumption in this time series modeling is that the past crude oil prices can be used to predict the future crude oil price. Although the time series analysis can find the trend, there will be limitations to the forecasting capability of the model that we use in the analysis when the reversal in trend is observed in the data taken or the pattern repeated may not be followed by the future prices. Different types of trend patterns such as increasing trend, decreasing trend or periodic patterns can be obtained. Time series analysis is more useful and will give better forecasting only when the data follows any of these trends. In this work, data analysis on crude oil data set is performed. A novel time-series forecasting approach based on Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model, Seasonal Auto-Regressive Moving Average (SARIMA), ARCH (Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity) model, GARCH (Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity) are also proposed using the R programming language for statistical computing and graphics. The results will help the researchers from various community to gauge the trend and improvise containment strategies accordingly.

Health Sciences

  1. Ambli, V. and Mrs. Gayathri, P.

    Background: The minor discomforts of pregnancy present difficulties for the health care provider as well as for the pregnant woman herself. Management of the various symptoms requires astute observations and the ability to individualize therapy. Knowledge of a variety of treatment options, therefore, allows practitioners to collaborate with their patients in selecting the best therapeutic approach for the specific situation. Method: A Quantitative research approach with pre experimental research design with one group pre and posttest design was used to carry out the study. Primi gravida mothers from selected maternity centers who were fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected by using Non - probability convenient sampling technique. Total 60 sample was included in the study. Results: The present study reveals that the present study reveals that the overall knowledge scores of respondents were found to be 54.92% with standard deviation 2.774 in pretest. The overall knowledge scores of respondents were found to be 73.5% with standard deviation 1.879 in post test.The obtained t- test value was 18.105 which shows statistical significance at p<0.05. There was statistically significant difference in level of knowledge of primigravida mothers after implementation of planned teaching programme. Conclusions: The obtained t- test value was 18.105 which shows statistical significance at p<0.05. There was statistically significant difference in level of knowledge of primigravida mothers after implementation of planned teaching programme. This supports that planned teaching programme on minor ailments in terms of home remedies is effective in increasing the knowledge level of primigravida mothers.

  2. Al-Sayed Mohamed Ahmed Almarakby

    Background: Hinami (wet cupping) is not a conventional therapy for post-stroke complications, but it might have some additional benefits on early rehabilitation. Aim of the work: to test if wet cupping had an effect in management of early post-stroke complications. Methodology: One hundred twenty subjects presented with acute stroke, were asked to participate in the study. They divided into two equal groups: the first received conventional post-stroke care; and the second received conventional post-stroke care plus wet cupping. Then patients were assessed by the national institute of health stroke scale (NIHSS) index for neurologic deficit evaluation; the Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) scale for motor functions, the rate of recovery based on the bedside swallowing assessment (BSA), the mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) for cognitive function, and adverse reaction of wet cupping were documented for safety evaluation. Results: There was statistically significant decrease in pain intensity in both wet and dry cupping. But the results were better with wet cupping technique. Conclusion: Significant use of cupping technique as a therapeutic model in treatment of discogenic low back pain

  3. Divya Singh and Pradip Kumar

    In this study, an attempt has been made to determine the air quality of Lucknow city during the years (2015- 2022). Data on air pollutants (NO2, SO2, and PM10) has been analyzed from three monitoring sites which are operated by Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology (MMMUT), Gorakhpur. There are monitoring stations in residential, commercial, and industrial areas. The annual average concentrations of AQI for 2015 -2022 rangeexceeding the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for industrial, commercial, and residential areas. The annual averagevalue of the AQIexceeded in residential, commercial, and industrial areas respectively. However, AQIindicates distinct seasonality during winter months. The months of December and January demonstrate higher concentrations of AQI exhibiting the influence of winter inversion. These values distinctly exceed in winter, which is more than 3 times the national ambient air quality standard for residential areas. The paper also investigates the count of exceedances of national ambient air quality standards and briefly compares the results with previous air quality stutus to understand the comparative status of air quality in Gorakhpur city. The exceedance count of AQI is high with values above 100 for all the years and all sites.

  4. Sumol Ratna, Vijay Deepak Verma, Narendra Kaliya, Pragya dalel and Maulisha Singhal

    Aim: To show association between Hyperuricemia and Hypertension. Introduction: Hyperuricemia has recently emerged as an independent risk factor in the development of hypertension. The various mechanisms has shown association between hypertension and hyperuricemia. That includes uric acid induced activation of renin-angiotensin system and action on glomerular apparatus, increased insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia, causing decreased excretion of uric acid and uric acid induced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle, endothelial dysfunction with decreased nitric acid production. Various clinical trials shown potential role of uric acid lowering agents in management of hypertension. However, there are numerous confounding factors that is associated with hypertension and hyperuricemia like diabetes mellitus, smoking and alcohol intake. Materials and Method: Case control study done in Noida International Institute of Medical Science, Greater Noida on 120 patients in the department of medicine on both outpatient and inpatient patients, from January 2023 to December 2023. Studies include 60 cases with history of hypertension and 60 normotensive controls. Uric acid value determined in all patients and association established between hypertension and hyperuricemia. Results: Among 60 cases of essential hypertension, majority of the patients 33 (55%) were in Stage II hypertension and 12(20%) cases were in Stage I hypertension. Also, there were 18 (30%) essential hypertension cases with duration of more than 5 years and 30 (50%) cases with less than 5 years duration of the disease. Serum uric acid mean among cases was found to be 6.4 and in the control group was 5.2 . This difference in serum uric acid between the cases and the controls were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: It can be concluded that hyperuricemia is significantly associated with hypertension and hyperuricemia-hypertension risk relationship is present in patients irrespective of metabolic syndrome.

  5. Dr. R. L. Meena, Dr. Hemant Kumar Rajpurohit, Dr. Ashok Kumar Yadav, Dr. Gaurav Meena Dr. Jeetram Jat, Dr. Hemlata Meghwal, Dr. Shailendra Gupta and Dr. Rajesh meena

    Metastatic brain tumors are the rare cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in the young. In this case, we present a case of a 23-year-old woman presented to emergency department with history of recurrent vomiting,sudden fall and loss of consciousness. she had past history of incomplete abortion 9 month back, history of pain abdomen and irregular vaginal bleeding last 6months.Computed tomography head showed multiple intracerebral hemorrhagewith midline shift. Chest X ray show multiple nodular opacity in bilateral lungs. CECT abdomen and pelvis revealed of heterogenous enhancing soft tissue density mass in pelvic cavity with non-separate visualization of bilateral adnexa with extension, involvement and deposits suggestive of choriocarcinoma with metastasis to lungs and brain. This patient responded well with combined treatment osmotic diuretics,antiepileptics, antibiotics and combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.This is a rare phenomenon of intracerebral hemorrhages secondaries to brain from choriocarcinoma. The better knowledge of this entity would facilitate earlier diagnosis and improve the outcome.

  6. Dr. Jayamaala Mathew, Dr. Reeta James and Dr. Binoy J Paul

    Background: Unlike the vascular complications of diabetes mellitus(DM) which are life threatening, rheumatological manifestations lead to considerable morbidity and their treatment can result in significant improvement in the quality of life. Some of these have a close association with DM and may lead to the diagnosis of previously undiagnosed DM. This study aims to find out the prevalence of rheumatological manifestations in DM so that the commonly associated conditions can be looked for and early treatment ensured. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done over 1 year in patients with diabetes mellitus in a tertiary care centre in North Kerala. History and relevant details were collected using a questionnaire and physical examination was carried out to look for rheumatological manifestations. Investigations were done whenever necessary. Statistical analysis of the data was done. Results: This study included 219 patients with a mean age of 60.98 years. 139 patients (63.4%) were having some form of rheumatological manifestations. There was statistically significant association between duration of diabetes and the presence of conditions such as frozen shoulder, charcot’s joint, cheiroarthropathy, flexor tendinitis, dupuytren’s contracture and osteoarthritis. Conclusions: There is a definite increased prevalence of rheumatological manifestations in people with DM and the prevalence increases with duration of diabetes. There was statistically significant association between the rheumatological manifestations and the microvascular complications of DM. Osteoarthritis was the most prevalent manifestation but the older mean age of our study population may have acted as a confounding factor. Keypoints • There is increased prevalence of rheumatological manifestations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus • Prevalence increases with duration of diabetes • There was statistically significant association between duration of diabetes and the presence of conditions such as frozen shoulder, charcot’s joint, cheiroarthropathy, flexor tendinitis, dupuytren’s contracture and osteoarthritis. • There was statistically significant association for rheumatological manifestations like frozen shoulder, carpal tunnel syndrome, flexor tendinitis, charcot’s joint and osteoarthritis with the microvascular complications of diabetes.

  7. Dr. Neera Samar, Dr. Kailash Agarwal, Dr. Mukesh Haritwal and Dr. Sazid

    Introduction: Tricuspid regurgitation encountered in clinical practice are secondary in nature and related to tricuspid annular dilation and leaflet tethering in the setting of RV remodeling caused by pressure or volume overload (or both) and myocardialinfarction. Secondary TR is commonly seen in late stage of heart failure due to rheumatic or congenital heart disease with pulmonary artery hypertension, as well as in other type of left sided valvular disease. The current casewe are reporting is abnormally RA enlargement in mitral stenosis with mitral valve replacement. Case Report: A 50-year-old male presented with a complaint of progressive weight gain and painful swelling of the lower extremities.he had abdominal fullness, diminished appetite and muscle wasting. On detailed clinical examination and relevant investigation, we found that the cause of progressive weight gain was tricuspid regurgitation secondary to PAH which is due to MS (old). Discussion: tricuspid regurgitation is common finding in untreated or incompletely treated MS as it led to raised pulmonary artery pressure. Early identification of the disease and its cause is critical, to consider the entire clinical presentation for correct diagnosis which is generally delayed due to the overlapping symptoms of the disease with various specialties. Conclusion: Diagnosis and management of tricuspid regurgitation with dilated RA still present considerable challenges and patients warrant referral to higher centers. Its diverse presentation warrants a complete Respiratory, cardiac, and general physical examination.

  8. Dr. Anoop Yadav, Dr. Ranjeet Morya, Dr. Hemant Kumar Mahur, Dr. Dheeraj Mittal and Dr. Raghuvendra, G.

    Introduction : The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a disorder in which the immune system gradually fails and life-threatening opportunistic infections and malignancies proliferate, is brought on by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family).Naturally C-Reactive Protein being an acute phase reactant should increase in patients with HIV disease progression if it is associated with microbial translocation and immune activation as hypothesized in studies.Many studies reported that there is a significant association of immune activation as measured by quantitative CRP levels with HIV disease progression.This study was designed to find the association between quantitative CRP and CD4 count in patients of HIV. Method:We retrieved and analyzed the data of 100 patients of HIV on ARTbetween June 2020 to December 2021 at Department of General Medicine and Outpatient Department or ART Centre, RNT Medical College and assigned group of Hospitals, Udaipur. Results :Majority of the subjects are on TLE (82%) regimen, followed by TLD (17%) and ZLN (1%).Majority patients had opportunistic infections and predominant was oral candidiasis (24%) followed by LRTI(17%), diarrhea (16%), tubercular meningitis(10%) and pulmonary TB(8%). 22% patients didn’t have any opportunistic infections. Among opportunistic infection as the severity of the infection increases, mean CRP levels among them increased, this shows positive correlation of mean CRP with severity of the infection statistically significant with p value = 0.000.Among opportunistic infection as the severity of the infection increases, mean CD4 levels among them decreased, this shows negative correlation of mean CD4 with severity of the infection, statistically significant with p value = 0.000. As the CD4 levels decrease, there is increase in CRP levels, so there is significant negative correlation between mean CD4 and mean CRP among subjects with different above labelled opportunistic infection.There is mean CRP of 22.52 mg/dl & Mean CD4 of 229.84 cells/cumm.As they both are negatively correlated and hence statistically significant with Pearson Correlation, r value – 0.770 p value = 0.000. Conclusion: Elevation of CRP is associated with a low count of CD4 in HIV diagnosed patients.Thus,serum CRP levels can be used as marker of immunosuppression and type of opportunistic infection in resource-limited areas where CD4 count availability is difficult.

  9. Prof. Dr. Genesta Mary Gysel, P. and Mrs. Senthamizhselvi, V.

    Background: Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. Pain is an abstract concept which refers to a personal, private, and sensation of hurt, a harmful stimulus with signal current or pattern of responses. A person in pain feels distress or suffering and seeks relief. Pain is much more than a physical sensation caused by specific stimulus. Objectives: (1) To assess the pre-test and post-test level of joint pain among obese women in both control group and experimental group.(2) To evaluate the effectiveness of stretching exercise to reduce joint pain among obese women in experimental group and compare with control group.(3) To find the association between post-test level of joint pain among obese women with selected demographic variables. Methodology: A Total 50 obese women were selected by using simple random sampling technique and true experimental (one group pretest and posttest control group design) was adopted for the study. The data collection was divided into two sections in which section (a) contains socio demographic variables and section (b) contains Lysholm knee scoring scale. Pretest was conducted in both control group and experimental group by using perceived Lysholm knee scoring scale. Stretching exercise intervention was given to experimental group for 10 minutes twice in a day for 6 days. And post test was conducted in both control group and experimental group using perceived Lysholm knee scoring scale. Data analysis was done using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The study findings revealed that, posttest of true experimental group mean score was 14,500 with standard deviation 4.88284 was higher when compared to pretest mean score of 23.2000 with the standard deviation 5.69025 and it was statistically significant at the value of p<0.0001 and the posttest level of Lysholm knee scoring scale was associated with history of joint pain and it was significant at the level of p<0.001. The study concluded that stretching exercise was effective to reduce the joint pain among obese women in experimental group when compared to control group. Conclusion: The study concludes that stretching exercise was effective and helped to reduce the level of joint pain among the obese women.

  10. Guiswe Gnowe, Ngassa Ekani Murielle Grace, Babinne Graobe Bonaventure, Guegang Goudjou Emilienne and Ekobena Fouda Henri Paul

    In an environment with a high level of radiological activity, humans are exposed to a high radiation rate which increases the risk of the appearance of health effects depending on the duration of exposure. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the evaluation of the appearance of the risks of radiological affections within the resident populations in the uranium zone of Kitongo in the locality of Poli. A direct reading dosimeter model RAD-35 was used to record external and internal exposures. The sample points were located using the Global Positioning System (GPS) in order to map the study area. The radiometric measurements were taken 1m above the sampled soils. The effective dose was 2.3±0.3mSv/year. It was higher than the limits set for the public by the ICRP, i.e. 1mSv/year and 2.4mSv/year set by the IAEA at the global level. The internal effective dose was 1.91±0.2mSv/year and the external effective dose was 2.70±0.3mSv/year. Within this study population 43.47% of cases of infertility were presented.

  11. Dr. Ashwini Chikkanayakanahalli Prabhakar, Dr. Umapathy Thimmegowda and Dr. Praveen Malavalli Nagarajshetty

    Aim: To determine the diagnostic value of sediment cytology in early diagnosis of oral neoplasms. Material and Methods: Twenty oral biopsy specimens diagnosed of Oral squamous cell carcinomas were received in 10% formalin fixative willbe analyzed for the cytological study. The material required for the study is left over formalinfrom specimen bottles in which the biopsies are received. Cytological smears are prepared by centrifuging the fixatives in which the biopsy specimens are received and stained with modified Papanicolau stain (PAP). All specimens were analyzed for malignancyand intensity of expression were compared. Statistical analysis was done using Chi Square test to compare the intensity of expression in different study parameters based on the cellularity in malignant cases. Results: All the 20 cases were adequately cellular and other cytological parameters were altered with increase in cellularity showing malignancy. On comparison of intensity of expression of nuclear pleomorphism was 6.190 withP-Valueof 0.04, cellular pleomorphism was 6.190 with P-Valueof 0.04and hyperchromatic nucleiwas19.333 with a P-value of 0.001which was statistically significant. Conclusion: Our study showed all cases were malignant with increase in cellularity allcytological parameters were altered. On comparing the intensity of expression of nuclear pleomorphism, cellular pleomorphism and hyperchromatic nuclei showed statistical differences. In laboratory for preliminary diagnosis of oral biopsies sediment cytology can be an alternate methodology in histopathology

  12. Dr. Surendra Kumar Sewda, Dr. Vivek Kumar Thakur, Dr. Dhruv Jain, Dr. Amit Jain, Dr. Amit Kumar Bansal and Dr. Akshay Waingankar

    The last two decades have been an era of emergence of temporary anchorage devices (TADs) because of their absolute intra-oral anchorage, easy-to place, easy to remove and their lower cost. This article is an attempt to provide a comprehensive literature review to quantify the success rate with the use of intra-oral temporary anchorage device for intra-oral anchorage along with the interpretation of clinical factors determining the success rate of TADs. A Literature search was performed using the MEDLINE database (PubMed using URL www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, Google-Scholar from the year 2006 to 2023.

Social Sciences and Humanities

  1. Farahuddin Chaghaty

    The child has always been one of the research topics in national and international law. Therefore, the definition of the child and its fundamental rights in the Afghan legal system based on the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child is one of the issues that Afghan society needs to define it has. Understanding the importance of defining the child and its fundamental rights in the Afghan legal system based on the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, this study answers the following question: "What is the definition of the child and fundamental rights of the child in the Afghan legal system based on the provisions of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child »? The purpose of this study is to examine the definition of the child and its fundamental rights in the Afghan legal system based on the provisions of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. And for conducting this research, the analytical-comparative method has been used by referring to the legal documents of Afghanistan. The findings of this study also indicate the dependence of the Afghan legal system on the Islamic legal system and the conflict between the provisions of the constitution and the provisions of the constitution with the ordinary laws of Afghanistan. The International Convention on the Rights of the Child A clear contradiction in the definition of the child and the protection of the fundamental rights of the child enshrined in the International Convention on the Rights of the Child is seen in the Afghan legal system for Afghan citizens, human rights activists and Human rights in Afghanistan have posed challenges.

  2. Dr. Sukanta Sarkar, Dr. Suman Kalyan Chaudhury, Thijien Keat and Dr. Rajani Kanta Tarai

    This paper attempts to highlight the economic aspects of the tourism industry in Tripura. Further, it discusses on the prospects and challenges of the tourism industry in Tripura. It has been observed that absence of tourism promotion marketing packages, lack of attention from tourism business sector and poor service quality are the basic challenges for development of tourism industry in the state although it has immense potentiality to be realised. The state has many heritage, religious, archaeological, eco-tourism, adventure, and rural tourism sites of late the government have prioritised the promotion of tourism sites through public private partnerships and weekend cultural programmes have been regularly conducted in many places to attract more tourists. The data have been collected from the primary and secondary source. The researcher to arrive at any conclusion has used descriptive and inferential statistics like regression and ANOVA. The major finds of the study recommend that the GDP of the state depends on the tourism sector.

  3. Du Guoliang and Mantuhac, Pamela B.

    This investigation sought to study how basketball, as a team sport, would instill mastery of practicing a certain level of teamwork and leadership skills, as well as its relationship to certain socio-academic variables, and to implement changes in university training programs that can respond to the demands of today's society. It recruited 109 respondents to answer a specially designed survey questionnaire to find out the foregoing. Based on the results of said survey, this investigation concludes that basketballis one of the most effective means of establishing leadership and teamwork among student players, particularly when it comes to academic growth. It has also become a key source of growth among pupils, particularly in permanently infusing such principles in their playing and daily lives. Furthermore, such engagement has boosted students' talents in areas other than academics, such as social and emotional attributes, as well as cultural features.

  4. Sun Kuisheng and Mantuhac, Pamela, B.

    Background: The minor discomforts of pregnancy present difficulties for the health care provider as well as for the pregnant woman herself. Management of the various symptoms requires astute observations and the ability to individualize therapy. Knowledge of a variety of treatment options, therefore, allows practitioners to collaborate with their patients in selecting the best therapeutic approach for the specific situation. Method: A Quantitative research approach with pre experimental research design with one group pre and posttest design was used to carry out the study. Primi gravida mothers from selected maternity centers who were fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected by using Non - probability convenient sampling technique. Total 60 sample was included in the study. Results: The present study reveals that the present study reveals that the overall knowledge scores of respondents were found to be 54.92% with standard deviation 2.774 in pretest. The overall knowledge scores of respondents were found to be 73.5% with standard deviation 1.879 in post test.The obtained t- test value was 18.105 which shows statistical significance at p<0.05. There was statistically significant difference in level of knowledge of primigravida mothers after implementation of planned teaching programme. Conclusions: The obtained t- test value was 18.105 which shows statistical significance at p<0.05. There was statistically significant difference in level of knowledge of primigravida mothers after implementation of planned teaching programme. This supports that planned teaching programme on minor ailments in terms of home remedies is effective in increasing the knowledge level of primigravida mothers.

  5. Dr. Neena Hamid

    There is a proverb saying “Educate a man, you will educate but one, educate a woman, you will educate a nation.” Education here just does not mean merely teaching the three R’s-reading, writing & arithmetic, but to make them aware of their rights and also realize the discriminatory treatment given to them. Economic independence is a vital aspect of empowerment. Women have been central to the grand vision of New India. India needs not just women’s development but women-led development that makes women the leading force of our development trajectory. Women are realising their word in all walks of life. They are demanding gender equality and justice in every sphere and helping themselves to become empowered. Objectives: To analyse the role of education in women empowerment which led to development of the society. Methodology: the humble approach of this paper is a descriptive study based on secondary sources of data which is doctrinal in nature.

  6. Ms. Suchitra Satishchandra Mendke and Dr. Sonali Kshirsagar

    While the prevailing belief suggests that individuals with a high Intelligence Quotient (IQ) tend to excel in life, emerging research suggests that success may be more accurately predicted by factors such as Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Spiritual Intelligence (SI), as indicated by studies like those conducted by Goleman in 1995. Emotional intelligence is the capacity to comprehend, discern, and effectively apply knowledge, authority, information, and expertise regarding emotions within the human resources context. Whereas, Spiritual intelligence represents an elevated facet of intelligence that unleashes the qualities and capacities inherent in the authentic self, often referred to as the soul. These attributes encompass wisdom, compassion, integrity, joy, love, creativity, and peace. The cultivation of spiritual intelligence yields a profound sense of meaning and purpose, accompanied by enhancements in various crucial life and work skills. Furthermore, work-related stress permeates every level of an organization, impacting employees across the board. Stress emerges when workers face pressure while performing their duties or encounter obstacles that hinder their ability to fulfil their responsibilities. This study performed an in-depth analysis of previous research to explore the relationship between emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, and their influence on work-related stress. The analysis encompassed a sample of 27 published articles from 2009 to 2023. The results of this study indicate that both emotional intelligence (EI) and spiritual intelligence (SI) are linked to reduced levels of work-related stress and improved health outcomes. Their positive influence extends to psychological and physical well-being, contributing significantly to organizational effectiveness.

  7. Feng Hua

    This research determined the relationship between the leadership capabilities of the physical education heads or administrators at Guangdong Maoming Health Vocational Collegeand the performance of their teachers in the classroom as a manifestation of their performance evaluation ratings. It was grounded on the Leadership Grid theory and Four-Factor theory and recruited 75 participant-teachers from the Guangdong Maoming Health Vocational College. The results of this investigation, obtained via a survey and analyzed using different statistical methods, found that the teachers viewed their PE heads’ leadership capabilities are satisfactory regardless of their sex, area of specialization, and educational attainment. The PE teacher respondents, on the other hand, had different assessments of the leadership capabilities of the PE Heads considering their age and experience. They did, however, exhibit a very satisfactory teaching performance, implying that authorities should pay attention to the teaching performance of PE teachers to go beyond their average academic performance.

  8. Ioan Claudiu Tamaş

    In the context of globalization and in circumstances that have generated an economic competitiveness, organizations in the field of I.T. from Romania are in particularly opportune situations in terms of recruiting, selecting, retaining and developing talent. It is a widely recognized fact that talent contributes to organizational success so that talent acquisition has proven necessary in business strategies. Recruiting, retaining and developing talent is a significant issue, which is why organizations have started investing in overcoming related issues and implementing talent management strategies. Talent management is recognized as a priority so that organizations in the field of I.T. are faced with this challenge to develop talent management systems that lead to the progress of the organization or produce its performance. Talent cannot be copied and is what creates value for the organization. Both quantitatively and qualitatively through the structured interview and then the statistical analysis we will identify the perception of employees in the I.T. from Romania regarding the implementation of talent management practices as well as their involvement in talent management programs at the level of organizations.

  9. Sukumar Goswami, Prodip Karmakar, Biswajit Saha and Samirranjan Adhikari

    A teacher’s success depends on good qualities like enthusiasm, patience, cooperation, control and classroom management then he gets satisfaction from his students. In the same way, a teacher’s personality and mindset can have a positive or negative influence on their academic performance in teaching-learning process. In the Big Five-Factor model of personality, five basic dimensions of personality is organized a hierarchically to describe personality of a teacher i.e., (a) Openness, (b) Conscientiousness, (c) Extroversion, (d) Agreeableness, and (e) Neuroticism. The aim of this study was to explore the present status of teachers’ Personality Factors in secondary and higher secondary schools of West Bengal. The present study was designed to carry out through the Descriptive Survey Method by administering Big Five Inventory (BFI) (Goldberg, 1993) on a random sample of 616 school teachers of West Bengal. In the test there are 44 statements and with each statement a 5-point Likert type scale is attached and ranging from 1 to 5, where 1=disagree and 5=agree. The results of the study reflected that on an average the teachers of West Bengal were high personality factors in Extroversion, Conscientiousness and Openness and low personality factors in Agreeableness and Neuroticism. It might be concluded that the teachers might have balanced personality.

  10. Purna Laxmi Jamatia, Wonsingphy Leisan, Kekhronei o Koza and Shumpenthung Ezung

    There are stunning hills and plains in the eight states that make up North East India. It is a land abundant in natural resources, including tea, oil, gas, lumber, and heritage. The inhabitants of this area live in harmony despite having distinctive appearances, cultures, and primitive qualities. However, because the rest of India has ignored their stories, they have become victims of bigotry. According to research, 78% of those surveyed said they have experienced racism because of their physical appearance, which is another factor for racism. Through descriptive study, we shall gain an understanding of the numerous issues that Indians in the northeast confront in this paper. The people of the Northeast have had enough, and they are now speaking out to defend their rights as Indian citizens.

  11. Thorat Sangita Ashokrao and Dr. Pathak, S.S.

    Unless children understand the importance of mental health, it cannot develop to a desirable extent. It is an important objective to enable them to solve the problems of their future life efficiently. Therefore, the immediate benefits are immediate and large for upper primary students, but the long-term disadvantages are not. A student at this age has developed the emotional brain in mental health development, but the thinking part of the whole is still developing. Because of this, children are easily motivated to take dangerous actions. So it is very important to have good and healthy mental health.

  12. Dr. Captain Joseph, C.

    India is a nation of great diversity, home to multitudes of ethnicities, languages, and religions. It is a land that has a rich cultural and religious heritage, with Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Jainism being some of the major religions practiced by the people of India. However, this diversity has also led to religious tension and conflict, especially with the rise of religious fundamentalism and extremism. In this context, victims of working with religious minority collaborators in India have faced various challenges and have had to deal with the repercussions of their collaboration. This essay aims to explore the historical context, key figures, impact, and the influential individuals who have contributed to the field of victims of working with religious minority collaborators in India, while also discussing the different perspectives and potential future developments related to this issue. Victim of those who are working in Religious Minority Institutions of India. India is home to a large number of religious minority organizations. India has a create history of violence against members, who are working in religious minorities in the past few years. Religious minority organizations exploit their employees due to misinterpretation of constitutional rights in India. There is no Minority Trust Act in India, even though the taking advantage from the constitution of India, “The Minority” and under the Minority, Bullying of religious minority organizations in India. Nobody is touch this subject due to some “Special” treatment of the Minority from the Government. There for the Minority Institutes are goes out of controlled and they bullying their workers/employers.

  13. Sanjit Biswas, Prof. (Dr.) Ruma Deb (De) and Prof. (Dr.) Suparna Sanyal Mukherjee

    The educational administration of a country is a crucial factor in determining the educational output of a nation. Colleges are the prime concern of the higher educational system. The principal of a college is the centre of all the activities taking place in the institution. The principal is an important person in the colleges or educational institutions and his/her leadership behaviour should be considered as one of the essential keys for student achievement and college improvement in college society. The investigator conducted the present study to reveal a clear picture of a Comparative study on the leadership behaviour of principals between the Rural and Urban General Degree Colleges in West Bengal. The main objective of the study is to investigate the difference between the leadership behaviour of Principals of rural and urban colleges. The method followed in this study is the Survey Method. The population of the study consists of all the Principals of General Degree Colleges in West Bengal. A total of 50 Principals were selected for the sample. The tool used for the collection of data was “The Principal's Leadership Behaviour Questionnaire (PLBQ). It was developed by the investigator. The conclusion drawn from the study was that the leadership behaviours of rural and urban General Degree College principals in West Bengal are significantly different from each other.

  14. Fathima Ruzeika Fairoz

    Although Sri Lanka has achieved high success in school enrolment and literacy rates, the heavy examination orientation has adversely affected the student's total development. The three public examinations, Scholarship Examination, General Certificate of Education (Ordinary Level), and General Certificate of Examination (Advanced Level), receive too much attention from students, teachers, and parents, bringing too much stress on students. The study analysed the teachers' role in applying the Competency-Based Education system at the Senior Secondary Level of mathematics education from three perspectives: Initiate learning activities in a manner that will arouse interest among students, observe students to identify their positive and negative learning abilities, and promote learning by providing feedback on students' performance. The study employed a quantitative approach. A questionnaire was used as the primary data collection instrument. A stratified random sampling method was used to select a sample of 276 mathematics teachers who taught grades 10 and 11 from the Western Province of Sri Lanka. The findings revealed that the teachers were not fully aware of their roles and responsibilities in the CBE teaching-learning and assessment process, which hindered the application of CBE in the mathematics learning process at the senior secondary level. The findings lead to various recommendations, which include the Department of Education developing a mechanism to monitor the teaching-learning process regularly and providing teachers with adequate training where necessary. Further, implementing a competency-based assessment system to uplift the 21st-century skills within students. The aspects discussed would benefit policymakers, administrators, and teachers in enhancing the mathematics teaching-learning process.

  15. Olga Rosa dos Remédios Rodrigues Souto

    On the path of spiritual development there is the need to think about problems and challenges, taking advantage of and exploring, from the beginning to the end of life, everything that allows us to update "this time of being", with the aim of enriching and deepening knowledge, allowing the human being the possibility of building a path. A good interpretation of a drawing or painting shows the quality it hides, in terms of the importance of emotions, from a cognitive behavioural perspective. The source of intuition is located on the plane of the soul in the interpretation of drawing or painting and frees the meaning of the symbols, proposing a comprehensive vision and a global perception of events, intuition asks us to be able to open ourselves to the universal. The voice of the soul calls us to grow, to further develop benevolence, tolerance and responsibility. The interpretation of a drawing requires an attitude based on the understanding of the heart, welcoming with kindness the diverse and different information, allows the development of harmony and balance, which is nothing more than a different way of looking at them.

  16. Mr. Ajay B. More and Archana Kori

    The aim of the paper to study the awareness of librarians regarding AI tools.in Nasik city, Maharashtra. The data was collected by the researcher using survey method. The findings of the study show that the maximum librarians has aware about the AI tools, Chat Gpt commonly used by librarians. They used the tool for different purposes like information retrieval, preservation, research, Chabot, research, library in house work etc. The researcher has identified the many librarians are aware about the tool but they do not useit properly.

  17. Yuan Xiaowei

    As one of the important components of the Olympics, the Winter Olympics has attracted the attention of media from all over the world. The discursive influence of national media has increasingly become the key to presenting and constructing national image. This article took the "China Daily" Winter Olympics news as the research object. Through content analysis, text analysis and other methods, it explored the structural framework and textual framework of the "China Daily" Winter Olympics report, and revealed how China construct the national image with the mainstream media.

  18. Tay-Cheng Ma

    This article investigates the relationships between antitrust and economic growth from a comparative view of various linkages including investment, inflation and trade openness. It argues that investment motivated by efficiency-seeking should be the main channel through which antitrust may affect growth, although this effect might be weak. This means that antitrust policy should focus on correcting microeconomic conducts that result in a misallocation of resources and a reduction in efficiency.

  19. Sathish Kumar, R.

    Education is a strongly felt social need in India and the society is anxious for change and improvement of the nation through a rapid educational development. In line with the above statement, the Republic of India 1950 Constitution in Section 45 state that”.......... Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all level” Similarly section 5, sub-section 31 of the 1966 national policies on Education states that "teaching and research function of the higher educational institution have an important role to play in the national development particularly in the development of high level of manpower” This is further expanciated with specific reference to Secondary education that:





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Dr. Swamy KRM
Dr. Abdul Hannan A.M.S
Saudi Arabia.
Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
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Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
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Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari