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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

January 2017

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cognitive-behavioral intervention on emotional-behavioral problems in bereaved adolescent girls. Being a quasi-experimental study, the research employed a pretest, posttest and follow-up (one month) design. The statistical population included bereaved high school adolescent girls in Yazd city in 2015. Of them, 30 students were selected via access sampling method, and were then randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. The measurement instrument was Goodman Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (Goodman, 1997).

There are many ways to measure the angle of strabismus and many methods to calculate the amount of muscle recess-resect in a pair of opposing muscles. We used the Hirschberg method for measuring the kappa angle and we describe an alternate-formula which is simple for calculating the amount of muscle to recess-resect for the surgical correction of strabismus in 70 patients with either esotropia or exotropia. Some surgical techniques and results are reported herein after ten years follow-up.

Advanced periodontal surgeries are amelioration of conventional periodontal surgeries. Advanced periodontal surgeries emphasizes on different regenerative procedures to reconstruct lost hard and soft tissue. It employs combination of 2 or more different surgical procedure, modification in incision & suturing techniques, exploit different materials, and interdisciplinary approach for favorable treatment outcome. This case report illustrating 2 cases with one year follow-up period which had been treated by utilizing principles of advanced periodontal surgeries.

The three major factors that affect health and that must be taken into account for a comprehensive action on lifestyles are: individual, social and environmental factors.

Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for stroke. (Gorelick, 2002; Pedelty and Gorelick, 2004) It is estimated that 25% or more of strokes may be attributable to hypertension. Because many patients with stroke have mild hypertension or prehypertension, we have shifted our focus and now think of stroke on a continuum of risk based on blood pressure (BP) level rather than on a threshold effect.

Paddy this study aimed To investigate the possible relationship between anemia and oral hygiene and to evaluate the periodontal status of patients with anemia. A total of approximately (50) patients consisted of ….males and …. Females who have Anemia as systemic disease of any age group in saudi Arabian kingdom participated in the study, Our study showed strong relationship between anemia as systemic disease and periodontal problems, while there wasn’t relationship between anemia and oral hygiene.

Background: Neuropathy in diabetes mellitus is a disorder that occurs in the peripheral nervous system. The incidence of diabetic neuropathy was found more prevalent in elderly (44%) compared to adult (24%). Amitriptyline and Gabapentin are widely used on treatment of neuropathic pain. There were variations in the results of the studies that have been done related to effectiveness between both drugs, causes the need further research, especially on geriatrics.

Introduction: Human brain often is envisioned as the most intricate structure in the universe. About 150 years ago, scientists realized that the two sides of the human brain, right and left, are different in magnitude, anatomy, and their areas of strength which is commonly termed as hemispheric specialization or brain lateralization. It has been hypothesized that left brained individuals are more verbal, linear, rational, logical, and analytical in their thinking, while right brained individuals are more intuitive, creative, non verbal.

Wound healing process involves the activity of leukocytes and platelets. The growth factors present in platelets are important to guide the regenerating cells to the area of healing. After the introduction of regenerative potentiality of platelets in 1974, various platelet concentrates platelet rich plasma (PRP) and platelet rich fibrin (PRF) were used as regenerative medicine preparations. Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is an autogenous biomaterial consisting of growth factors and cytokines entrapped in a fibrin matrix.

Introduction: Women exposure to radiation during pregnancy can be really harmful to fetus. However a lot of women might not know this fact, especially the singles, new married ones who are about to become mothers. Aim: To assess the knowledge and attitude of the Saudi women towards the risk of exposure to radiation during pregnancy. Methods: Randomly distributed electronically made questionnaire during the summer of 2016 to Saudi females.

Sleep related breathing disorders specially obstructive sleep apnea is a multifactorial complex condition associated with high co-morbidity and mortality rates. Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with decreased oxygen saturation due to mechanical obstruction at different level of upper airway associated with anatomical deviation like maxillary or mandibular retrognathism, large tongue, elongated soft palate inferior hyoid position and severe malocclusion.

Recent studies have shown that closure of loop ileostomy can be performed in the day-care setting, reducing the length and cost of hospitalisation. By analysing our patients who have undergone closure, we aimed to determine the minimum duration of hospital stay and potential factors behind longer stays. A database of patients undergoing closure of loop ileostomy in our unit was examined. The time taken to discharge, morbidity, complications and re-admission rates were recorded. Fifty four patients underwent reversal of ileostomy between July 2015 and November 2016.

Gene therapy is a field of biotechnology and has proved to acquire the forefront of medical research by genetic modification of cells for therapeutic purposes. Safe methods have been advocated to do this, using several viral and non-viral vectors. Two main strategies include in vivo and ex vivo modification. Gene transfer protocols have been approved for human use in inherited diseases, cancers and acquired disorders. It has a promising era in the field of dentistry.

In the past 100 years, there has been extensive development of the mechanical cutting devices used in dentistry. One of the most exciting developments in medical technology is the laser. The past decade has been a veritable explosion of research into the clinical applications of lasers in dental practice. Based on Albert Einstein’s theory of spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation, Maiman developed the first laser prototype in 1960.

Purpose of this study was to analyze clinical and radiographic features of odontogenic infection with underlying pathology. Systematic approach leads to narrow the differential diagnosis on the basis of exclusion. This results in correct diagnosis, proper treatment and avoiding overtreatment unnecessarily. This case report highlighted an unusual case of odontogenic infection involving adjacent fascial spaces with underlying pathology which was mimicking cyst, tumor and odontome. Systematic approach helped us to achieve an accurate diagnosis, treatment and avoiding overtreatment.

This is a case report of a 30 year old female who reported to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dr D. Y. Patil Dental College & Hospital, Pimpri, Pune with a chief complaint of swelling in the lower left back region of the jaw. The patient had a history of trauma to left angle region 25 years back (at the age of 5 years), for which she was treated extraorally under General Anesthesia.

But : Evaluer les connaissances des médecins généralistes sur le cancer du col, son dépistage, et de connaitre le degré de participation pratique du médecin généraliste dans le dépistage du cancer du col. Matériels et méthodes : Il s’agit d’une étude de CAP, sur une période de deux mois. Ont été inclus les médecins généralistes exerçant dans les secteurs publics et privés. Tous les médecins généralistes, en arrêt de travail pour cause de maladie, ou en congé administratif ont été exclus.

Swellings in the head and neck region are most commonly presented to a surgeon that may be reactionary, benign or malignant. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) is a well-established, benign and rare variant accounting for about 1% to 9% of all odontogenic tumors commonly occurring in young female. The report contains an unusual case of 16 years old female with cystic AOT in relation to impacted canine on right anterior maxilla, mimicking dentigerous cyst. This case report aims to highlight the clinical course, histological features and surgical management of cystic AOT.

Subareolar breast abscess is rare in male which may clinicoradiologicaly mimic gynaecomastia and diabetes mellitus is an associated risk factor. It may sometimes present with episode of nipple discharge. Cytology is a quick mode of diagnosis for further management in such cases.

Acute pancreatitis in children is a costly and increasingly recognized disease. As in grownups, the occurrence of intense pancreatitis in children likewise appears to be growing. Several studies have actually documented an increase throughout the past 10 to 15 years. The aim of this systematic review study was to review complications and incidence of acute pancreatitis in children, also we aimed to discuss the etiology regarding AP all these are based on evidence of human population studies from the pediatrics literature.

Peripheral Giant Cell granuloma is benign inflammatory hyperplasic & reactive exophytic lesion of gingiva & alveolar ridge. This lesion commonly occure as a result of local irritating factors like plaque & calculus, chronic irritation by old prosthesis, overhanging restoration, food impaction and foreign body particles. peripheral giant cell granuloma originates from PDL & gingiva & responsible for pathological migration & mobility of associated teeth.

Lingualized occlusion represents an established method for development of function and esthetics in complete denture articulation. The chewing pattern and masticatory efficiency of the patient with denture depend’s upon the scheme of occlusion of complete denture. (Occlusal designs on masticatory ability and patient satisfaction with complete denture, 2013) The choice of occlusal scheme will determine the pattern of occlusal contacts and the direction of forces that are transmitted through the bases of denture, will depend upon intensity of contacts achieved in the denture.

Background: HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV and HEV; there are the main five viruses can cause hepatitis. Types B and C can lead to chronic disease and the most common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to estimate the awareness towards viral hepatitis in KSA AND Specially towards medical students in Jazan University Methods: A Cross sectional descriptive study by total of 384 questionnaires distributed. Results: 354 students returned completed forms (response rate: 92.19% [354/384]).

Summary: Fall has been with us for ages. Our forefathers experienced it. They made proverbs from falls. The consequences of falls are enormous, including traumatic brain injuries. It is one of the most common causes of traumatic brain injuries. The need to prevent it from happening cannot be overemphasized.

Introduction: The regular sport increases the hope and the quality of life, also allows the control of the weight. Questions remain on the effects of the sport on the clinico-biological parameters of the body. Our aim was to study the effect the impact of the regular sport on the body composition and the hepatic and muscular enzymatic profile by comparing foot ball players to sedentary subjects. Methodology: It was an experimental study concerning twenty seven (27) men. They are 14 foot ball players and 13sedentary subjects, between 18 and 30 years old.

Meconium stained amniotic fluid is a common occurrence in many deliveries. It was considered physiological as well as pathological. It is difficult to know when this meconium causes distress in the newborn. In this study we have attempted to correlate umbilical artery blood pH at birth and neonatal status in Meconium Stained Liquor (MSL). In the present study it was observed that 90.9% of babies in Grade 1 MSL group had a pH of >7.2, 68% of babies in grade 2 MSL group had pH >7.2 and 40% of babies with Grade 3 MSL had normal pH at birth.

The term Ama refers to raw, unripe, unprocessed or improperly digested condition of food substances probably due to the result of mandagni (hypo functioning of Agni). Ayurveda is basically more oriented toward the management of lifestyle disorders which are in prominence due to stress-related phenomena and some other reasons among certain age groups in the society. Agni is the root cause of cause of Ayu, Bala and Varna. Agni may disturbed by life style disorders. Mandagni is the root cause of all diseases and is a causative factor for the production of Ama.

Aims & Objectives: 1.The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the positional changes of hyoid bone and its effect on the patency of airway in anteroposterior dimension of pharynx (C3 –Hy) compared with upper bony airway (AA’-PNS) in Class I, Class II and Class III malocclusions. 2. To evaluate the position of hyoid bone using hyoid triangle and its relation to mandibular position in Class I, Class II and Class III.

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) in patients with first diagnosed and advanced primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review of patients with OHT, first diagnosed early POAG without any medication and uncontrolled POAG with maximum tolerated medical therapy who underwent SLT at the Sifa University, between July 2010 and July 2011.The aforementioned data were gathered from the, 3-month, 6-month, 12-month, 24-month, and 36-month postoperative visits.

Stable anatomical fracture reduction and segment control before miniplate fixation can be difficult to achieve in comminuted maxilla fractures. Various methods have been employed for mobilization and anatomical reduction of fracture segments though no single method is used universally. Disadvantages include imprecise segment alignment and poor segment stability/control. We have employed Screw-Wire Traction (SWT) to address this problem. The successful fracture reduction achieved by Screw-Wire Traction alone or in combination for multisegment maxilla fractures.

Fluid therapy is an integral aspect of trauma resuscitation.With advances in resuscitation research, controversies abound regarding approaches to the fluid management.To determine therapeutic strategies, patients response to the initial fluid challenge is very important. In this case, we discuss the life saving massive fluid resuscitation in hemorrhaging patient who had been operated three times and stayed in the ICU for days because of a knife injury resulting from a stab wound in the chest, abdomen and right shoulder.

Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is a hereditary disorder associated with developmental disorders of two or more structures of ectodermal embryonic origin. The triad of nail dystrophy, alopecia or hypotrichosis and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis is usually accompanied by a lack of sweat glands. Varying degrees of Hypodontia or anodontia of the primary and permanent dentition poorly developed alveolar ridges and improper maxillo - mandibular relations, are the most common oral manifestations. It usually affects males and females are the carriers.

Background: Conventional NERS (New Risk Stratification) Score (Fajadet and Chieffo, 2012) are proven to be superior to SYNTAX score in predicting MACE, but involved complex calculation. This is duly addressed by a simplified version, by the NERS Score II. (Kalbfleisch and Hort, 1977) We performed a prospective pilot study to assess efficacy of NERS II to predict clinical outcome in form of MACE and also symptom relief / quality of life, in patients with UPLMCAD (Unprotected left main coronary artery disease) undergoing either PCI or CABG.

Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumour (CEOT), also known as Pindborg Tumour is a rare odontogenic epithelial neoplasm. So far, nearly 200 cases have been reported in literature. We are reporting a case of Calcifying Epithelial Odontogenic Tumour in a 25 year old male patient with a painless bony swelling in the maxilla. Approximately, 50% of the cases are associated with an un-erupted tooth or an odontome, and it was the same with our case, except that it was an impacted maxillary canine over shadowed by a retained deciduous tooth.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease today’s societies encounter. Diabetes symptomatology implies a definitive hormonal background involving insulin production, or its tissue uptake (types 1 and 2 diabetes, respectively); however its exact etiology is still unknown. Diabetes is a disease of complications, e.g., angiopathy, neuropathy; particularly diabetic foot disorders (DFDs) which can be devastating. Amputation, especially following ulceration is a catastrophic endpoint of DFDs.

The capacity to replace missing parts of the body lost due to disease process, trauma or other reasons have been fascinating scientist since decades. Regeneration of lost part of skin intestinal and buccal epithelium, blood etc by the body paved the way for search of basic parent cell from which all other cells are derived. This led to the discovery of stem cells in1960 and since then stem cell-based treatments are being used and investigated in medicine for neural, cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases.

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent worldwide, and is also noted to be high in India. Low levels of 25(OH) D, the principle circulating storage form of vitamin D, is present in as many as one third to one half of otherwise healthy middle aged to elderly population. Vitamin D, known primarily as a factor of bone metabolism, can affect the transcription of a number of genes, which play a vital role in the development of ACS and pathogenesis of CAD.

Aim: This retrospective study was planned to evaluate the various outcomes of mitral valve repair in rheumatic mitral valve disease. Methods: Between January 2007 to July 2015, 238 rheumatic mitral valve repair was done at our institution. The data was collected retrospectively and various post-operative outcomes were analysed in term of mortality, rate of survival, re-operation rate, NYHA class and thromboembolism & bleeding complications. Mitral valve was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography and various results were analysed.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be one of the world’s most important infectious causes of morbidity and mortility. The backbone of TB diagnosis worldwide continues to be smear microscopy. For microscopic detection of acid fast bacilli (AFB), fluorescence microscopy (FM) using Auramine staining has been shown to have 10% higher sensitivity compared to routine light microscopy used with Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) staining, without compromising specificity.

Cemento-Ossifying Fibroma (COF) is a benign odontogenic tumor which is believed to be derived from periodontal ligament cells. COF is considered under fibro-osseous lesion in WHO classification. It is relatively common in mandible but rare in maxilla. COF consist of highly cellular connective tissue with varying amount of calcifying mass that may resemble bone, cementum or both. It primarily affects middle age individuals with mean age of 42 yrs. We report a case of cement-ossifying fibroma of the posterior maxilla in a 25 yr. old male patient.

Background: Previous studies demonstrate that the incidence of HIV infection has increased among men who have sex with men. And yet, quantitative surveys fail to demonstrate a corresponding change in their behavior. Aims: To conduct a mixed methods study about condom use among HIV positive individuals, comparing reports provided through a quantitative survey and a qualitative interview. Methods: We collected quantitative data from 178 HIV positive participants, 81 of them also undergoing a qualitative interview.

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder, which has high impact on individual’s perspective of living a better life. The raising health care cost and changing quality of life associated with the diseases is alarming towards the worse future of the diseases. Objective Methodology: The study was a prospective observational study conducted in a 500 bedded multispecialty tertiary level referral and teaching hospital for a period of 1 year. In this study descriptive survey was used to collect the data.

The study is focused to establish correlation between Serum Ferritin, Serum Cholesterol and Biliary Cholesterol. The study was performed on a group of 118 patients who were admitted in department of surgery for cholecystectomy (laparoscopic / open) in multi-speciality hospital at Lucknow. Based on the serum iron content, the patients with cholelithiasis were divided into two groups. Group A patients were with normal serum iron and Group B iron deficient patients. Serum and Biliary cholesterol contents of both groups will be analysed and comparison were done with each other.

Background: Haematological disorders are quite frequent in all age groups. These have diverse modes of presentation that often require bone marrow aspiration (BMA) for both diagnosis and management. This simple and relatively safe procedure is important particularly in resource poor centres since access to adjuvant diagnostic techniques are often lacking. The present study aims to analyse the causes of haematological disorders, its spectrum, indications and interpretation of BMA findings.

Introduction: Worldwide glaucoma is the second leading cause of preventable blindness after cataract. In developed countries less than 50% of affected people are aware about their disease, awareness is further lower in developing world. Incidence in India is steadily rising and by year 2020 it is projected to be second largest home for glaucoma cases. Glaucoma is irreversible and remains asymptomatic until it is in a very advanced stage. Early diagnosis and treatment remains an important cornerstone in management of this deadly disease.

Introduction: Thyroid dysfunctions, both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, have been associated with insulin resistance which has been reported to be the major cause of impaired glucose metabolism in type-II Diabetes mellitus (T2 DM). Dyslipidemia is a common metabolic derangement seen in both diabetic patients and patients with thyroid dysfunction. In patients with both these disorders, dyslipidemia is more likely to be present. Dyslipidemia is an important risk factor for cardiovascular events.

Introduction: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are more likely to developed reduced kidney function over time. Presence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) appears to play a role. Also renal dysfunction in RA found to be associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease independently of traditional CV risk factors. On the other hand, presence of RA in individuals with reduced kidney function may lead to an increase in morbidity from CVD development.

This short communication is a proposal. Experimental data are not yet available. Mitochondria in eukaryotic cells are not involved in the processes of membrane flow and membrane transformation between cellular organelles. Therefore, a drug intended to remain inside a cell can be expected to stay there when it is bound to mitochondria. A prerequisite for binding is that the drug is equipped with a component that is suited to specifically bind to a kind of protein that is exposed at the surface of the outer mitochondrial membrane (“intracellular drug targeting”).

In this study generate gall bladder stone in Swiss albino mice (Musmusculus) by given lithogenic diet, then used trial drug (Rohitakadhya extract & Phaltrikadi kwath) to evaluate its effect on gall bladder stone & gall bladder mucosa. Swiss albino mice (Musmusculus) were obtained from central, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi and kept in animal house of Centre of Experimental Medicine & Surgery, IMS, BHU.

Extraction decisions are extremely important during diagnosis and treatment planning. Management of class II malocclusion in adult is most difficult in orthodontics.

Post extraction immediate implant placement in multirooted molar area is a challenging task in view of anatomical limitations of the socket and in achieving primary stability after ideal placement of the implant along the interradicular septa. The aim of this article is to present a technique of tooth guided implant site preparation for immediate implant placement in multirooted molar areas.

Submucus Cleft Palate is a rare congenital disorder which is can present in paediatric age group in a variety of ways. Most of the submucus clefts are seen in posterior part of the palate. We report a very rare variety of submucus cleft with congenital oro nasal fistula at soft and hard palate junction.

AIM: 1. To study the adherence of physicians and other paramedical staff to hand hygiene while attending the patients. 2. To study different modalities used by them for maintaining hand hygiene. 3. To study the beliefs and perceptions of physicians about hand hygiene. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study on 80 participants-40 doctors and 40 nurses, selected by simple random sampling, total 960 observations of hand washing opportunities according to the CDC guidelines,12 on each participant in 4 departments medicine, surgery, casualty and C.C.U.

Survival and evolution of clinical and laboratory diagnosis of AIDS patients have improved considerably after the start of the availability of HAART since 1996. In addition, there is a reduction in the number of hospitalizations of people living with HIV / AIDS, a decrease in opportunistic infections and an increase in chronic diseases, among them hepatic, cardiovascular, renal, among others.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a condition in which a birth defect occurs on the diaphragm. This is a very serious, life threatening state which requires many measurements to be taken for its prevention, treatment, therapy and long term observation. This article presents our experiences with a patient born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia followed intrauterine, after his birth and until his 12 months of age. The baby (patient) born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia was diagnosed intrauterine in the 32 week of pregnancy with ultrasonographic examinations.

Purpose: Gingival inflammation in response to the accumulation of dental plaque is aggravated by systemic factors such as diabetes. In adults with type 2 diabetes, it may occur at higher rates than those in adults without diabetes. Many products have been researched to counter both inflammation and higher glucose levels, one such natural product is Glycyrrhizaglabra, also known as licorice and sweet wood which has many pharmaceutical properties such as anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-bacterial, anti-ulcer, anti-viral and anti-carcinogenic effects.

Dentinogenesis imperfecta is one of the most common hereditary disorders of dentin formation. It follows an autosomal pattern of transmission, affecting both the formation and mineralization of dentin. Either or both primary and permanent dentition is affected by it. This paper describes a case of Dentinogenesis imperfecta which reported for orthodontic treatment.

Anesthesiologists are highly skilled professionals, trained to make quick decisions and perform complex procedures under pressure.

Loss of the facial structures affects the physical, psychological and social well being of an individual. The maxillofacial prosthesis not only restores the oral or associated facial structures but also improves the patient aesthetic, form and function. Loss of an eye may be due to congenital defect, neoplastic lesions or trauma. Different treatment modalities are available for ocular defects.

Bacteria are pioneer of life on earth. Habitation of bacteria can be traced back to trillions of years and since then these unique living forms are evolving on our planet. Biofilm is the complex structure formed by microbes by adhering to substrate (support structure) and flourishing communally. This type of growth system allows them to interact (quorum sensing) and survive efficiently under adverse conditions (influence of antibiotics, other physico-chemical factors).

Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix, the opening to the uterus. It is caused by HPV (Human papilliomavirus) infection. HPV is sexually transmitted; it’s also extremely common. Most women get HPV at some point in their lives, but most clear the infection in a couple of years without any problems. If the cancer is caught at an early stage, it is monitored throughout the pregnancy and treating it after the birth of the baby. However, if the cancer is more advanced, it will need to be removed and that involves removing tissue from the cervix, which holds uterus shut during pregnancy.

Microbiological and chemical quality of drinking water primarily results from water origin and type of applied water treatment. Since the drinking water is one of the main way through which many infectious agents can be transmitted to humans causing waterborne diseases, constant monitoring of drinking water quality in water supply systems is needed. This study investigates the microbiological quality of tanker water supplied in different localities in Mumbai during summer, Rainy and winter season for the period of the year July 2011 - April 2012.

Background& Objectives: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is majorly responsible for a variety of infections in healthcare setting and in general community. These infections range from mild skin boils or pimples to severe life threatening infection of deep tissues, lungs etc. MRSA is of concern not only because of its resistance to methicillin but also because it is generally resistant to many other chemotherapeutic agents like cephalosporin, macrolides and aminoglycosides. MRSA must be detected and treated aggressively to prevent secondary infections.

The development of common tuberculosis in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patient causes an increase in viral load, resulting in TCD4 lymphopenia. When it develops three months following the initiation of an antiretroviral therapy (ART), its manifestations may simulate an inflammatory syndrome of immune restoration. The authors report a case of multifocal tuberculosis developing approximately three months following the ARV treatment, with the aim of contributing to a better management of tuberculosis-HIV coinfection.

The cost of health care has been rising rapidly in our country and in the world and it takes more from the budget. Costs, malpractices, wasted time, and general bureaucratic inefficiencies has bought a need for the new approches. Lean management is the elimination of any activity that does not add value to an organization's end product, and using what is referred to as a "just-in-time" inventory strategy, which aims to reduce inventory and associated carrying costs.

Background: The diagnosis of den to-facial asymmetry has been discussed significantly, but the esthetic significance of facial and dental midline symmetries has been inconclusive with respect to upper and lower arch dentition. Aim: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the extent of deviation of dental midline from the facial soft tissue midline and its association with different malocclusions. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional double blind study was conducted in a randomly selected sample of 500 children of 12-17 years.

Abnormalities in the root canal anatomy are a commonly occurring phenomenon. A thorough knowledge of the root canal anatomy and its variations is necessary for successful completion of the endodontic treatment. Mandibular second premolars usually have a single root and a single root canal. The incidence of two separate roots itself in this tooth is quite rare. Mandibular premolars are known for having an aberrant anatomy.

Background: Several epidemiologic studies have reported that high serum levels of uric acid are strongly associated with prevalent health condition such as obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome essential hypertension and renal disease. This study aimed to investigate the level of uric acid in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and in non-diabetes controls with normal kidney function. This study also included the correlation of serum uric acid with glucose, creatinine, age, gender and duration of diabetes.

Background: Periodontal epithelium has an active role in multi-factorial pathogenesis of periodontal diseases by producing diverse range of antimicrobial peptides, amongst which cathelicidins (LL-37) is the only one of its kind that has been found in humans. Genetic factors such as deficiency of LL-37 and environmental factors such as smokeless tobacco products consumption are found to be associated with severe periodontal destruction.

Background: Eruption is the axial movement of tooth from its non functional position in bone to functional occlusion. Root development represents the fundamental biologic parameter for tooth eruption. Aim: Evaluate the rate of eruption of Permanent maxillary central incisors (PMCI) with respect to chronological age and biological tooth eruption time and late eruption of PMCI to associated local factors. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in 100 children aged between 8-12 yrs.

Background: To organize community-oriented oral health promotion programs, systematic analysis of the oral health situation would be needed, including information on oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP). Aim: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) toward oral health among 9 to 14-year-old school children in a government schools of Ramanagara district, Karnataka.

Introduction: Knowledge of BLS and practice of simple CPR techniques ensures the survival of the patient long enough till experienced medical help arrives and in most cases is itself sufficient for survival. Ideally, everyone should know BLS and CPR, but its awareness to medical personnel is invaluable as they face many such situations in their life especially in buddings doctors who will have tackle this kind of emergencies in their medical practice and it has been part of their teaching.

Objective: Objective: In the present work, hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Dendrobium normale were tested against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatotoxic in rats. Methods: CCL4 has been used as the screening model for hepatoprotective activity Results: The results indicated an increase in serum biochemical parameters like serum glutamate oxaloacetate transminase (SGOT), serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT), alkaline phosphate (ALP) and total bilirubin (TB) levels are sensitive indices for hepatic damage.

Objectives: To observe levels of LDH levels for prognosis of breast cancer in breast carcinoma patients and in controls. Methods: Fifty breast carcinoma patients were studied with regard to its clinical, histopathological and therapeutic modalities to that of the prognosis of the disease indicated by serum lactate dehydrogenase, liberated by aerobic respiration of cancer cells and were followed up for a period of eighteen months.

Background and Objectives: The use of cellphones has increased as an easy mode of communication. Health Care Workers (HCW) have made it a potential fomite in transmission of Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI). At present there are no guidelines for the care and disinfection of cellphones in the health care setting. This study is aimed to determine the resident organisms, its frequency, antibiotic susceptibility and efficacy of isopropyl alcohol in disinfecting mobiles. Methods: Swabs from 100 cellphones were taken; 50 each from study and control group.

Background: The weakness of muscles results in impairment of motor skills affecting daily activities in children with cerebral palsy (CP). It has been reported that children with cerebral palsy when subjected to strengthening interventions produce improvements in functional abilities. This paper describes the effects of constant strength training of a school-based progressive functional development for children with CP.

This study aimed to evaluate the genetic diversity of biomass and saccharin sorghum genotypes, based on 19 agronomic traits by the means of multicategorical variables. The experiment was conducted in the experimental area of the University of the State of Mato Grosso/UNEMAT, in Cáceres. We evaluated 25 genotypes of saccharin sorghum and 36 genotypes of biomass sorghum, in a randomized complete-block design with three replications. The data were submitted to three clustering methods, Tocher optimization, UPGMA hierarchical and Projection distances in 3D plan and comparing their results.

Skin diseases among farmers is usually under reported and it is ignored by farmers as most of them consider it as "part of their job". Skin being the most exposed organ while farming, the farmers are predisposed to skin diseases among other health hazards. Objective: This study aims at finding out the prevalence of skin disease and associated risk factors among farmers. Methodology: Multistage cluster random sampling using PPS (Probability Proportional to Size) was used to select farmers in a coastal block of Odisha. A total of 200 farmers were selected for the study.

Introduction: Technology has changed the way student’s access information. As the members of the millennial generation, current dental students are more technology–savvy and connected than the previous generation. Many books are now available in electronic formats and electronic publishing is rapidly replacing printed materials. Objectives: To assess the perceptions of students regarding the internet, e-textbooks, and printed textbooks.

By us established that final conversion, metabolic fates of separate three atoms as C, H, O contained in any forms of foods - donators as carbohydrate, fatty acids, aminoacids occured in the full 9 stepped cycle of electron and proton conductance inside the human body as follows: Metabolic fates of C, O atoms in the full 9 stepped cycle of electron and proton conductance inside the human body: a.

Finishing and polishing of composite restorative materials plays a major role in success and longevity of restoration. Aim of this study is to analyze the finishing and polishing procedures by measuring the surface roughness of the novel resin composites using profilometer and scanning electron microscopy before and after subjection to three body wear simulation method. The four posterior composites evaluated are p90, filtekz 50 x trafil, filtek z250.

Gallstones are the most common biliary pathology. In Asian population, cholelithiasis ranges from approximately 3 to 15% 1. Women are three times more likely to develop gallstones than men. The study was performed on a group of 115 patients who were admitted in Department of General Surgery for Cholecystectomy (Laproscopic) during period of 1 year 20 days. The average age of the patients was 42.45 (±14.05) years. 52.2% of patients were from age group 30-50 years of which most were females (30-40 yr: 78.8%) (41-50 yr: 77.8%).

The legal and moral justification for cloning has been a source of argument in the research world. A case study reflected how Dr. Zuk planned cloning John Lennon using DNA taken from his rotten tooth in the 1960s, which brought about the debate of morality and privacy in human cloning. The court ruled that Lennon's privacy was violated, as well as the fact that human beings have the right to safety and autonomy. Human cloning was found to exhibit high failure rate, plus the fact that there were no available tools to detect genetic abnormalities resulting from cloning.

Background: Dexmedetomidine is an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist with sedative, analgesic and anxiolytic effects. We evaluate the effect of preanaesthetic dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg single infusion on sedation, haemodynamics, anaesthetic consumption, and recovery profiles during anaesthesia.

Background: Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are uncommon, but when they occur, they are devastating to patients. These infections are opportunistic, they occur when the organism to which are frequently exposed gain entry to the body due to a decrease in host defenses. Periodontitis usually caused by bacteria infection. The aim of this study is to introduce a rare case of periodontitis suspected caused by fungal infection.

Background: Endometrial curettage is one of the commonest invasive gynecological procedure in reproductive as well as post reproductive age in abnormal uterine bleeding. Objective: To determine the histological types of endometrial lesions in curettage specimens, of peri menopausal women having abnormal uterine bleeding. Methodology: This is a one year retrospective study which was conducted from 1st January 2015 to 30th December 2015 at post graduate department of pathology in Govt. medical college Srinagar. A total of 300 endometrial curettings were included in the study.

Background: The presence of supernumerary teeth, between the two central incisors, known under the term mesiodens, is one of the most common developmental problems in children. Their presence may give rise to a variety of clinical problems. Detection of supernumerary teeth is best achieved by thorough clinical and radiographic examination. Supernumerary teeth may be encountered by the general dental practitioner as a chance finding on a radiograph or as the cause of an impacted central incisor.

In tropical soils, the correction of soil acidity may help increase the efficiency of phosphate fertilization. In this sense, the aim of this study was to evaluate the growth and development of soybean plants (Glycine max) under different doses of limestone and phosphorus in a dystrophic Yellow Latosol. The study was performed in a greenhouse of the Federal University of Piauí, from October to November, 2014.

Purpose is to verify the new approach for correct separating of wheat varieties in groups matching particular standards of their level of grain yield during the years and towards the different environmental conditions. Materials and Methods: 76 breeding lines were researched for two consecutive years. The first one was with favorable conditions for growing (2006) and the second one in 2007 was characterized by well-defined prolonged drought and unusually high temperatures during the active growing season of crop.

Present paper deals with the analysis of diversity of Plankton (i.e., Phytoplankton and Zooplankton) and their seasonal variation of density in the Pariyat ariver, at Jabalpur district (M.P.). Four sampling stations were selected on the Pariyat river for sampling purpose. Samples were collected for a period of one year (October 2015 to September 2016) at each month of every season. Collected samples were evaluated for study of diversity of Plankton (i.e., Phytoplankton and Zooplankton) and their seasonal varaition of density.

In reliable to the fact that changes in amino acid sequence of HPV-16 E6 & E7 proteins might modify the transforming activity of the protein by disturbing the interactions with the EGFR proteins. It was proposed that those variations in the E6 & E7 proteins may affect the transforming potential of HPV-16 owing to change affinity for cellular transcription factors or for viral DNA. In this study, HPV-16 DNA was isolated from cervical cancer tissue using the specific primer designed by the Primer 3 plus software for the HPV antigen E2 gene.

A cross-sectional door-to-door home survey was conducted in the village of Nelvoy in Vellore District of Tamil Nadu to assess 9 standard factors governing the incidence and prediction of the risk of Diabetes Mellitus in the village. A structured questionnaire was delivered to a sample of 100 people (65 female and 35 male) in a village with a population of about 1700 people. Sociological, physiological and bio-technical (medical) data was collected and analyzed using statistical methods against standard medical classifications of various factors.

Banana plant, considered as a nature’s gift to mankind is widely known for its fruit part due to its enormous nutritional and health benefits but banana blossom (widely known as flower or heart), also has potential to be regarded as a functional food or superfood due to its high nutrient content (excellent source of fibre, good source of protein, vitamin A,C and E, minerals like phosphorus, potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium and antioxidants) and great therapeutic value (lowers menstrual bleeding, facilitates lactation, helps in overcoming diabetes, anaemia and ulcer, reduces anxiety, help

The surface water quality of west zone in central India prescribed, the physicochemical parameter such as, temperature, pH, total hardness, total dissolved solid, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, nitrate, sulphate, phosphate, was analyzed. The physicochemical parameter for some samples showed that the values are deviating from the prescribedlimites for the domestic purpose, the results analyzed by correlation has been used to suggest models for predicting water quality.

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) is one of the most important export crops in Palestine. In this study, we analyzed the mean monthly temperature and precipitation using data from one weather station of the Palestine Meteorological Department, recorded in the period from (1993-2009), with the same years of plant production (rainfed) from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).

Nucleotide diversity was studied using Cyt b (mt) DNA in different geographically Phlebotomus papatasi populations, but with both history of cutaneous leishmaniasis, Alexandria, and North Sinai-Egypt. Although, Egyptian P. papatasi was utilized as a part of different reports as a part of Mediterranean coat , However, it doesn't mirror the gene structure of the sandflies population in Egypt especially these reports doesn’t stuck to particular regions in these reports. Sand flies (N = 842) were collected from both regions using sticky papers and CDC miniature light traps.

Bacterial cells that synthesize sensible products should be lysed with techniques that do not damage the products. We describe such an approach; we call it “induced lysis”.

Paddy is one of the most important food plants in the world. The plants practice of growing rice in heat lands, popularly known as rice has led a number of diseases affecting the crop. The aim of the present investigation suggests that the antifungal activity of 10 plant extracts used in traditional medicine against the phytopathogenic fungus Bipolaris oryzae by agar well diffusion method. Bipolaris oryzae is a soil borne pathogenic fungi which cause leaf spot disease in Rice. The plants are reservoir of biological active compounds to combat various pathogens.

Present study was conducted to study the effect of different concentrations of sucrose on protonemal growth and bud formation of Hydrogonium arcuatum and Anoectangium clarum. Addition of sucrose have no effect on bud formation in Anoectangium clarum and 1% sucrose shows maximum protonemal growth in both moss species.

Backround: patients affected by single and multiple uterine fibroids and that underwent Magnetic Resonance-Guided Focused Ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment have been monitored in the post treatment phase with Real-time Tissue Elastography (RTE) in order to evaluate the flexibility and vascularization levels of MRgFUS treated fibroids.

Phytoremediation potential of Alternanthera sessilis L. for the heavy metals chromium (Cr), Iron (Fe), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn) was studied. The samples of water, soil and plant material were collected from heavily polluted Thane-Belapur Industrial Area, Navi Mumbai, India. The collected samples of water and soil were analyzed for physico-chemical parameters as well as heavy metals while plant samples were analyzed for heavy metals using ICP-AES. The results for physico-chemical parameters for water and soil showed all the values were above the permissible limits.

Purpose: The aim of present study was to investigate the protective role of melatonin (Mel) against 10 GHz microwave radiation induced adverse effects on testes of mice. Materials and methods: 6-8 weeks old 24 male Swiss albino mice were procured from inbred colony and were divided into 3 groups. Group I Sham exposed (control), Group II microwaves (MW) exposed, Group III (MW + Mel) treated with melatonin (2mg/kg body weight). The power density was measured 0.25 mW/cm2 and the SAR was calculated 0.12 W/kg.

The current methodologies available for Trichoderma sp. multiplication under controlled conditions require long periods to produce the fungal inoculum. This study presents a simple and efficient methodology for multiplication of pure Trichoderma sp. cultures within only 13 days of incubation.

Early biochemical criterion of four Fabaceae leguminous plants, were studied, in glasshouse, under water stress condition, in pots on a substrate made up of ¾ of ground and ¼ of sand, with seedlings having two three leaflets leaves. Experimental design was a factorial arranged in a completely randomized block with: four species (Cajanus cajan, Phaseolus lunatus, Tephrosia vogelii and Vigna subterranea), four watering levels: 90 (blank), 60, 30 and 15% of field capacity, replicated five times.

Ten improved chickpea genotypes were evaluated in field condition against gram pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) during 2008-2009 and 2009-2010. Weekly observations showed that mean larval population of the insect in different genotypes ranged from 5.19 to 9.44 meter row-1 from 2nd week of January to end of February, whereas, the pod damage varied from 9.32 to 30.35%.

Cotton is one of the most important commercial crops cultivated throughout India. A survey on the weeds growing in cotton crop fields in the 43 mandals, of Visakhapatnam district was carried out to identify the weed flora, species composition, density, frequency and importance value index (IVI). A total of 55 different plant species belonging to 45 genera and 21 families have been recorded in cotton fields in the study area.

Abamectin is widely used as an insecticide, acaricide, and anthelmintic. The present study assessed the effects of repeated administration of Abamectin (Vapcomic- 1.8% EC) injection formulation on albino male rats the various biochemical parameters and histopathological changes were noted. Two groups each of five of albino male rats were utilized in the current investigation. Abamectin was administered interaperitoneal which treated with (0.1 mg\kg, 0.6 mg\kg) body weight daily for 15 days.

Myopia is a type of refractive error in which parallel rays of light coming from infinity are focused in front of the retina, when accommodation is at rest. Timir is related with first two Abhyantar Patala of eye. Timir means the darkness or loss of vision and Symptomatology of Timir can be considered as Myopia. Ghrita has its own nutrional value; it helps in regulating functions of extra ocular muscles and eye lids. Jivanti is Chakshyushya and Sarvadoshaghna. The Chakshyushya regimen mentioned in the classics can be useful in controlling the progress of the disease.

The present study was an attempt to observe the attitudes of divorcee women towards their marital status and to compare the attitude of divorcee women in urban and rural areas. The sample was selected through random sampling technique. For the sample, 100 divorcee women were selected from urban and rural areas. The sample was collected with the help of readymade scale namely measuring attitude towards divorce constructed by Anupama Shah and Anjali Gupta (1993).

A field experiment was conducted during Rabi season of 2002-03 on sandy loam soils at Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh to study the effects of pre and post-emergence herbicides, alone or integrated with manual/mechanical weeding on weed pressure, productivity and economic returns of Rabi groundnut (Arachis hypogaea).

In this work, we have determined the thermophysical parameters of various formulations with laterite and slaked lime. This shows that the thermal conductivity decreases when the lime rate is lower than 4% and increases when the rate is higher than 4%. The thermal conductivity was for a rate of 4%; it increases to 21.13% for 16% of lime used. We found that the compressive strength increases but very slowly. However, the increase in mechanical strength of the various formulations still remains lower than the strength of the laterite without lime.

The purpose of the present paper is to introduce the concepts of rwμ -Lindel¨of spaces in generalized topological spaces and study someof their properties and characterizations.

Textile industries are major source of water pollution, dyestuffs have proven to be problematic as these are most difficult to treat and recover the dye. These dye effluents are discharged in millions of gallons from different textile mills world over. These are known to affect the environment adversely reducing the dissolved oxygen thus affecting the aquatic life. Conventional treatment techniques involve physical, chemical and biological methodologies. These are not full-proof and thus new techniques are required to improve the efficiency of dye removal.

Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) wrapping is being successfully used to strengthen deteriorated and/or under-designed concrete structures for flexure, shear, axial, blast and impact capacities. The technique is economic, labor friendly, durable and space saving. In this study, the effect of various FRP wrapping parameters, such as type, fiber orientation, number of layers and the role of the epoxy adhesive, were investigated on the ingress of chloride ions inside the concrete substrate.

In different industries organic compounds are used as corrosion inhibitor in acid solution. Organic compounds are highly cost and it may not be economical to use. Organic inhibitors make a thin layer on the metal's surface that may absorb on the cathode or anode surface or both. Decrease corrosion rate. This article discuss about some organic drug that has been used as an inhibitor of corrosion. These drug compounds has been used in two types: drug and expired drug. This method decrease the cost in corrosion field.

Cloud computing is model which uses combine concept of “software-as-a-service” and “utility computing”, provide convenient and on-demand services to requested end users. Security in Cloud computing is an important and critical aspect, and has numerous issues and problem related to it. Cloud service provider and the cloud service consumer should make sure that the cloud is safe enough from all the external threats so that the customer does not face any problem such as loss of data or data theft.

During the past three centuries, there has always been an emphasis on development of a kind of engine that has superior efficiency is less polluting and has good power generation. This review paper describes the new advancement in the four stroke Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) which has enormous advantage. For further improvement in IC engines, a Belgium Engineer name Gerhard Schmitz presented a new innovation called five stroke Engine. This concept gained momentum and its prototype was put in reality by Ilmor Engineering.

This studypresents CFD 3-D winglets analysis on a civil aircraft wing ofNACA23016airfoil for root wing section, NACA 23014airfoil for mean wing section and NACA 23012airfoil for tip wing section. These airfoils were considered as 4 m chord length at root section, 2.8 m chord length at mean section and 1.6 m chord length at tip wing section at which is added the winglet with the same profile at tip section with 45 degree cant angle.

A new series of imines ((E)-4-(((4-substituted-phenyl)imino)methyl)-2-methoxyphenyl-acetate and (E)-2-allyl-4-(((4-substituted-phenyl)imino)methyl)-6-methoxy phenyl-4-methyl-benzene-sulfonate) has been synthesized by the condensation of 3-methoxy-4-acetyloxy benzaldehyde and 3-methoxy-4-p-toluene-sulphonyloxy-5-allyl-benzaldehyde with several sulfa drugs and characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR spectra and elemental analysis. The compounds were screened in-vitro against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, B. subtilis, A. niger, A. flavus using disc diffusion method.

An issue of major concern within the construction industry worldwide is so called ‘project delay’, whereby negotiated contracts and/or planned schedules for construction between organizations are not met in the specified time. Such project delays may be caused by the actions of the consultant and contractor. The research has been structured as the case study of construction projects during implementation phase aspects of Kathmandu valley.

This paper is concerned with motion tracking control of the robot fishes along with the 3D holographic fishes using Radio Frequency (RF) modem, multi-link and free-swimming biomimetic robot;the researched robot fish motion control is related to the speed control through RF modem and it focuses on detecting the moving object in the water as well as tracking the robot fish along with 3D holographic fish in the aquarium world designed for an augmented reality. Color attracts the every one and easy way to recognizean object.

The present work is based on a comparison between nitriding plasma technique described as CCPN (Cathodic Cage Plasma Nitriding) and the conventional DCPN (DirectCurrent Plasma Nitriding). Here the nitriding process applied on the AISI 316 stainless steel was investigated under the following conditions:constant pressure of 5mbar at temperatures of 400, 450 and 500°C. The cathodic cage used allowed the deposition and thermal treatment in three-dimensional way on samples and guaranteed excellent deposition rate and the growth of the layersonactivated thermal surfaces.

Mudmotors are of multi-lobe positive displacement operating on the “Moineau” principal. A drilling fluid commonly referred to as the “mud” is supplied under pressure from a surface source into the tubing during drilling to wellbore. The drilling fluid operates the mud motor (when used) and discharges at the drill bit bottom. The drilling fluid then returns to the surface via the annular space (annulus) between the drill string and the wellbore wall or inside.

Cotton 30MnB5 quality steel (EN 10083:2006), used in agricultural machinery production, was employed in this study. Some of the components in agricultural tools are prone to abrasion during soil tillage. Processes of hardfacing with coated electrode fillet weld and surface hardening through nitriding, employed commonly for increasing abrasion resistance of such material used for digging components, were studied. A 2 mm thick deposit was formed on 8 mm thick, boron containing, heat treated and tempered steel surface using NiMo and Citomangan Hardfacing Electrodes.

The formula E = mc2 is actually only a speculation of Einstein because it has never been proven. This formula started from special relativity and has become famous because of the atomic bomb. However, for a single type of energy, Einstein has failed to prove it. Einstein thought that he had proved that the electromagnetic energy is equivalent to mass because he had mistaken that the photons have only electromagnetic energy. However, General Relativity shows that the photons necessarily have the combination of electromagnetic energy and the gravitational energy.

This study aimed to modeling and mathematical simulation of immersion bioreactor by bubbles. Were used shoots Oncidiumleucochilum, liquid MS medium supplemented with 1 mg L-1 BAP (6-benzylaminopurine) 0.25 mg L-1 NAA (naphthaleneacetic acid) and 0.5 µL Tween 20, pH adjusted to 5.8. The cultures were maintained in growth room at 25 ± 2 ° C under cool white fluorescent lamps (35 mol.m-2.s-1), with 16 hours photoperiod. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with thirty shoots in stages.

In this study we examine the geological significance and petrogenesis of orogenic Pan-African high-K calc-alkaline magmas from the Yoro-Yangben area in southern part of central domain of the Pan-African, North-Equatorial Fold Belt in Cameroon. The objective is to constrain the source and the geotectonic setting of these magmas and therefore to understanding the geodynamic environment of the Yoro-Yangben massif in the Bafia series. 21 samples were analyzed by XRF and ICP-MS.

Object detection and tracking are two fundamental tasks in multi - camera surveillance. This paper proposes a framework for achieving these tasks in a nonoverlapping multiple camera network. A new object detection algorithm using mean shift (MS) segmentation is introduced, and occluded objects are further separated with the help of depth information derived from stereo vision. The detected objects are then tracked by a new object tracking algorithm using a novel Bayesian Kalman filter with simplified Gaussian mixture (BKF-SGM).

This study shows that the behavior of a Electrochemical metal cutting in electrochemical machining process. Study find out the a particular current required for a given Material Removal Rate. The Simple CNC PROGRAM makes the machine semi -automatic.

In this paper we first change the fuzzy liner programming problem into the fuzzy linear system of equations. Then a Fourier Motzkin elimination method is discussed to solve the above converted fuzzy linear system of equations.

This research has developed and tested a model contemplating the theoretical constructs product innovation and competitive priorities of quality and flexibility as background to the competitive advantage in the production chain of the Serra Gaúcha, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. This quantitative descriptive nature study was conducted through a survey applied to a sample of 250 chain producers. Data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling.

Little research has been done to establish the level of success of Coca cola Company in recycling and reusing their glass bottles. This paper attempts to establish retail managers’ perception of the company’s self acclaimed success. Retail managers of supermarkets in the CBD of Nairobi, Kenya were considered for the study. Data was collected through questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive (mean, frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistics (correlation analysis) were used to analyze the data.

A Flash flood is rapid flooding of geomorphic low lying areas, washes rivers, dry lakes and basins flash floods occur due to slow moving thunderstorms, heavy rains, glacial lake, out bursts or due to failure of artificial dams. Flash floods occur in fury and leads to destruction of life and property at a very considerable rate. The loss of precious lives carried off by the floods is a big score with rising number day by day.

In the organization employee is one of the most important asset for the achieving organizational objective there is arise need of proper information about the cost, value and performance of their human resources. This information is the basis of effective management of human elements in any organization. With a view to provide significant information about effective human resource management, a new and specialized branch of accounting has been developed and it is known as human resource accounting (HRA).

Background: Despite the worldwide commitment to improving maternal health, measuring, monitoring and comparing mortality estimates remain a challenge. Objectives: Implementing maternal death review (MDR) in Sudan, during 2010 -2015, to determine maternal mortality ratio (MMR), identify underlying causes and health system response for reducing maternal mortality. Methodology: Hospital and community- based MDR was conducted during 2010-2015.

In the present study, an attempt has been made to review the original Whipple index, and several modifications suggested to it over time. Several researchers throughout the world try to modify the Whipple index by changing the linearity assumptions and single year age range to give the better result. This study also tries to re-modify the modified Whipple index by changing the single year age range and compare it with the other indices. To know the current scenario of age misreporting in India, its states and district this newly developed index is used for calculation.

This paper focuses on investigating the volatility on the Romanian stock market by employing the joint symmetric and asymmetric ARMA - GARCH models on four of Bucharest Stock Exchange’ own indices which reflect only the evolution of market prices: Bucharest Exchange Trading Index (BET), Bucharest Exchange Trading Extended Index (BET-XT), Bucharest Exchange Trading – Investment Funds (BET-FI) and Bucharest Exchange Trading Energy & Related (BET-NG).

This study uncovered certain structural and functional aspects of blessings in Afan Oromo which have great intimacy with the cultural, social, political, economic and spiritual welfares of Oromo people. Accordingly, descriptions of prominent linguistic features and various functions of blessings were the objectives of the study. Macha, Tulama, Barentu and Borana-Guji dialects and their native speakers were selected using purposive and convenient and sampling techniques.

We all have time to either spend or waste and it is our decision what to do it with. According to Lee, "Every individual on earth has the same amount of time 60 seconds in a minute,60 minutes in a hour, 1440 minutes in a day and 5,256,00 minutes in a year. Academic achievement is one of the important goals of education. Pandey (1973) stated, "Academic Achievement is the quality and quantity of learning in a subject asserted by examination marks".

The study aimed at exploring teachers' opinions of the concept of collaborative inquiry as a tool for teacher professional development, and knowing the possibility of its implementation in the kingdom. It included a group of the kingdom teachers of primary school teachers in one of the schools of the north of the Kingdom. The participants are 16 distributed as the following, 13 teachers, 2 administrators, and a headmistress. 8 of the participants are Saudis and 5 are not Saudis. The study used the descriptive survey approach.

Purvanchal is known as backward area of Uttar Pradesh and tribes are also weaker (backward) section of our society. Both are expected to collaborate from governance but in the matter of tribes, situation is lamentable.

Environmental variability has important influences on fly life cycle, understanding the spatial and temporal patterns of fly populations is critical for fly control and vector-borne diseases prevention. In this study two satellite sensors were used namely, Rapid Eye and Landsat8 to characterize the fly breeding places in Al- Fauoum Governorate as one of the highly crowded Governorates in Egypt with low services.

On-line tax filing is one of the e-government services that is gaining importance for public to perform their responsibility to the country. In an effort to maintain a modernized tax administration system, the Kenya Revenue Authority developed iTax, an online filing (e-filing) that integrates the processes of registration for tax purposes, tax preparation, tax filing and consequently tax payment.

The software product shown in this article is a system solution aimed at civil defense and municipalities that are located in regions suffering from steadily floods. There is great interested in programs to manage such disasters, particularly with the aid of information technology. The web system SIAH has a joint solution for the civil defense and cities suffering from river flooding. It includes technical analysis and monitoring of the river basin, full real-time forecasting, and several other technical information for the civil defense and hydrologists.

A Synopsys of the Research thesis is sent here with for publication. The Ph.D degree was awarded by Kakatiya University WARANGAL Telengana state India in open viva conducted on 6.4.2016.

The purpose of the study was to find the difference in scores of INHOUSE DOPING ERROR awareness among national level players and sports administrators in the J&K state of India. The study was limited to 56 subjects, 28 national level sport persons and 28 sport administrators in different govt. and private organizations in the J&K state of India. The study was restricted only to the extent of awareness about ‘In house doping errors’. No other aspect of Doping was studied. The level of awareness was studied through the use of self prepared objective type questions only.

Chemical weathering breaks up the physically disintegrated rock fragments and organic matter. The process of chemical weathering in arid regions is not fast because of water deficiency. The present study was undertaken on soil contamination in Lawacha-Mohra Khurd section of Pali district, Rajasthan. The aim of the study was investigate the pollution of soil, which is a source of danger to the human and animal kingdom. The polluted soil also damages the nutrient availability along with quality of soil is also diminishing.

This paper describe how one research team can uses variety of different solvents to analyze their different effect on density of alcohol to better understand the characteristics of alcohol. On many occasions now need to drink, so drinking security has become a bigger problem. There are many fake alcohol incidents endanger people’s lives. Different adulterants like methanol, ammonium chloride, Urea in poisoning cases are investigated by using Alcolyzer instrumentation technique.

In the present study, an attempt has been made to analyses the comparative effect of exercise onphysical fitness between active and inactive male teachers, for this purpose 68 male physical education teachers were taken from district youth services and sports Budgam Kashmir from different schools. For the assessment of effect of exercises, weight body mass index, Grip strength (left and right hand), persistence time, 12 min run and walk test and concentration of hemoglobin were taken as criterion variables.

A one line inscription from a panel of the Mahā Stūpa in Kanaganahalli reveals the giving away of the city of Ujjain by a King Pudumāvi. The information gleaned after a careful scrutiny of the contents of this peculiar epigraph when corroborated with the data we already possess regarding the Western Kshatrapas and the Sātavāhanas provides for a better comprehension of the political history of both the aforementioned dynasties.

The problem of determining the maximum curvature point in fitted curves is introduced and the implementation and use of the function maxcurv() of the R package soilphysics are presented and exemplified using two usual models in experimental design and soil physics .The function maxcurv() can be used for numerically determining the maximum curvature point through four methods: the method of general curvature function, perpendicular distances, linear response plateau and linear piecewise spline.

The 21st Century is witnessing a massive flow of information in library. The increasing amount of information can be related to the extensive application of Information & Communication Technology. Today, one of the biggest challenges that libraries face is the enormous amount of data generation and to use this data to improve the quality of managerial decisions. Data mining techniques are analytical tools that can be used to extract meaningful knowledge from large data sets.

This article presents a methodological proposal for the assessment of touristic competitiveness applicable to the Pueblos Magicos, a program that emerges in 2001 with the objective of diversifying touristic offers in Mexico, as well as favoring the communities of the towns through touristic activity. The proposal is built from five dimensions also recognized as factors or components, taken from the importance they represent for the agents involved in the touristic field.

The author is going to consider Iran’s domestic laws regarding to refugees and effective protection of them through Iran’s international responsibilities. In the Iranian context, despite the voluntary return of hundreds of thousands of Afghan and Iraqi refugees to their countries of origin during the past decade, Iran remains host to one of the world’s largest and most protracted refugee populations. The Islamic Republic of Iran is a signatory to the 1951 Convention and its related 1967 Protocol and based on international commitments, provides services to refugees.

To cater to the ever-increasing need for strategically steering the organization’s managerial practices into strategic management, the most effective way is to integrate the HRD policy and practices with organizational strategy while aligning them with global-arching human resource management. Organizations in both public and private sectors require a critical group of positive factors concerning the effective management of human resources to successfully execute their organization strategies and goals.

Small bowel obstruction is one of the common conditions presenting in surgical wards, however fecalith is one of the rare causes of bowel obstruction. We present here a case of 12 years old boy, who presented with sub-acute intestinal obstruction. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a fecalith in ileum which was retrieved through an enterotomy and primary closure was done. The patient recovered uneventfully. Thus emphasizing the need of through history and workup which steer us to the correct diagnosis.

The study investigated effects of contraceptives on the concentration of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. Taking advantage of the variability of contraceptives and duration of usage, the three parameters were analyzed spectrophotometrically with the O-cresolpthalein complexion, Xyldyl blue and Molybdated UV methods respectively. Values obtained were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistics. Results show the mean concentration of calcium was significantly higher (p<0.05) in women on oral (combination 3) contraceptives when compared with the control group.

A simple, rapid, accurate and precise UV method was developed and validated for the estimation of Itraconazole in pharmaceutical dosage form. Spectroscopic method was carried out by using acidic ethanol as solvent. Itraconazole detection wavelength was set at 262nm for validation purpose linearity, accuracy, repeatability, precision, LOD, LOQ, and ruggedness parameters were studied. The linearity was found to be in the range of 2-12 µg/ml.

Aim: Aim of the study is to evaluate the lateral forces on the instrument in the apical 3rd of curved canal with two Nickel Titanium rotary systems. Methodology: One brand of instrument ProTaper F2 was scanned with micro computed tomography to produce a real-size, 3-dimensional (3-D) model and was compared with Anexas (designed by author). The stresses on the instrument during simulated shaping of the root canals were analyzed numerically by using a 3 D finite element package, taking into account the nonlinear mechanical behavior of the NiTi material.

Introduction: There are several components of normal microbial flora in human intestine and the second most common aerobic bacterial flora is Klebsiella species after Escherichia coli. (Podschum et al., 1998) Klebsiella also accompanies extensive resistance to most of the available antibiotics. Resistance to beta-lactam drugs in gram negative is mainly conferred by beta-lactamase- enzymes that inactivate beta-lactam antibiotics by hydrolysis.

Aim: The purpose of the study was to compare Minimally Invasive DHS (MIDHS) or Conventional DHS (CDHS) techniques for surgical parameters affecting treatment of Extra capsular Proximal Femur fractures. Methods: Prospective Case Control study have evaluated 108 extracapsular proximal femur fractures operated upon between Feb 2014 to March 2016.

Background: Heart Failure prevalence is increasing with more than 20 million affected worldwide. Making the correct diagnosis is challenging and confirmatory in only 40-50% of cases. Heart being an endocrine organ produces and releases hormones. NT-pro BNP thought to be produced in response to mechanical stretching, increase in intra vascular volume & CCF. Several studies have shown that plasma natriuretic peptide improves diagnostic accuracy and this lead these markers being recommended in international guidelines.

Traumatic bone cyst is an intraosseous lesion and forms an important aspect of the differential diagnosis of radiolucent lesion of the jaws. The lesion has a better prognosis but a definitive diagnosis can be achieved only upon surgical intervention of the lesion. Here we present a case of traumatic bone cyst which was diagnosed as an incidental finding. The varied aspects of the lesion has been reviewed.

Amelogenesis imperfecta is a group of hereditary developmental defect in enamel formation either in quality and/or quantity which affects both deciduous and permanent teeth. It may be hypoplastic, hypomaturation, hypocalcified type. Hypomaturation-hypoplastic AI with taurodontism is a rare variant. AI has been associated with different dental anomalies including discoloured teeth, taurodontism, congenitally missing teeth, microdontia, pulpal calcification, hypercementosis, crown and root resorption.

Primary neuroendocrine tumors of the breast are rare & aggressive tumors of the breast. We report two cases over a period of 20 years. One patient had poorly differentiated neuroendocrine and invasive ductal carcinoma grade 3, whereas the other case had small cell neuroendocrine tumor of the breast.

Stem cell (SC) therapy has a promising future for tissue regenerative medicine. SCs have drawn attention in recent years because of their accessibility, plasticity, and high proliferative ability. SC and Progenitor cells have the ability to rescue and repair injured tissue and partially restore organ function. SCs or progenitor cells are class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell types. They are capable of renewal, differentiation into all lineage of an organ and useful in regenerating tissues.

Ensuring skill delivery attendant at each child birth is the most critical intervention in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality and Morbidity. In Ethiopia, the proportion of births attended by skilled personnel in health facilities is very low. Identifying the level and risk factors is essential for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. Due to this reason this study were conducted to identifying proportion and factors influencing institutional delivery among women who gave birth in the last one year in Gimbi town.

Abuse is a stressor that has a negative interference in the growth and development and health of children. Assessing the knowledge factor and prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) is a challenge faced in the society like ours. About one in seven girls and one in 25 boys are sexually abused before they turn 18.six to 11-year-old children are most likely (23%) to be abused in multiple-victim circumstances who are in the school age period of their growth and development. CSA is measured as a gigantic public health problem it demands a massive societal response.

Introduction: The primary aim of this study was to observe record and treat oral mucosal lesions associated with prolonged use of removable partial dentures/complete dentures and orthodontic plates. The following objectives were kept in mind to determine the type and the prevalence of denture stomatitis, angular chelitis, flabby ridge, irritational fibroma and oral cancer in the removable complete and partial denture patients and orthodontic plates.

Background and Aim: The alarming rise in the incidence of osteoarthritis has consequently increased the number of patients opting for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Mismatch of the TKA components, namely femoral, tibial and popliteal, remains a major problem for postoperative success and patient acceptability. Numerous studies have indicated significant ethnic variations in the anatomy of the femoral component. Data on the Indian population remains sparse. This study aims to quantify the gender and side to side variations of South Indian femoral condyles.

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) encompasses all malignancies originating in the oral cavity and globally it is the most common cancer. It is a fact that tumor stroma plays a vital role in tumor progression as it contains significant stromal glycoprotein and collagen. Therefore analysis of collagen fibers is of immense value which in turn aids in predicting the biological behavior of the tumor.

Jejunojejunal intussusceptions are very rare in adults and usually a lead point is found unlike in children. Adult intussusception accounts for 5% of all intussusceptions. Despite comprising 75% of the length and 90% of the surface area of gastro intestinal tract, the small bowel harbours relatively less primary neoplasms. Primary lipomas of the small intestine are also rare and it accounts for 2.6% of non malignant tumours of the intestinal tract.

Pilonidal sinus disease is a common condition seen in young adults affecting gluteal cleft and notoriously recurrent. This study was carried out in patients with pilonidal sinus to evaluate the advantages and result of rhomboid excision and Limberg flap. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was carried out in department of surgery, Al-Ameen Medical college, Bijapur from 2010 to 2015. It includes 25 patients who were treated for pilonidal sinus disease by Limberg flap. The various demographic clinical and surgical data are studied and compared to other studies.

Anemia is a widespread public health problem associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality, especially in pregnant women and young children. It is a disease with multiple causes, both nutritional (vitamin and mineral deficiencies) and non-nutritional (infection) that frequently co-occur. Nutritional anemia refers to a reduced red blood cell count due to a poor diet which is deficient in iron, folate and/or Vitamin B12. This is a cross sectional study conducted in two administrative units in Southern province of Sri Lanka.

Introduction: Globally women face physiological and psychological health problems after midlife due to menopause. Women who have had surgical menopause experience the same symptoms caused by natural menopause; but more intensely and frequently due to the abrupt halt in estrogen production. So, premenopausal women who undergo surgical menopause may have symptoms that require treatment. Objectives: To determine the differences in severity of menopausal symptoms in women with natural and surgical menopause.

Current assay has established protocols for micropropagation of three cassava varieties (Manihot esculenta) of commercial and industrial interest, and index the plants for CsCMV virus. The molecular markers based on retrotransposons LTRs (IRAP and REMAP markers) were employed to test the hypothesis that varieties with greater genetic similarity can develop in the same culture medium while varieties with smaller genetic similarity should require different culture media.

Effective microorganisms (EM) is a commercial biofertilizer that contains a mixture of co-existing beneficial microorganisms collected from natural environments. Predominantly it consists of species of photosynthetic and lactic acid bacteria, yeast, and actinomycetes. The present study was undertaken to determine the efficiency of Effective Microorganisms (EM). EM was obtained from the office of ‘Ecopro’ Auroville, Auroshilpam, Tamilnadu, India. The waste water was collected from the women’s hostel of STET women’s College, Sudarakkottai, Mannargudi, Sundarakkottai.

The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of gamma radiation at low doses on the post - harvest control of soft rot by Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum - Pcc in bell pepper, as well as to evaluate the effect of this method on the physical-chemical characteristics of the fruit. Fruit apparently disease-free was inoculated with 10 μl Pcc suspension at 1x109 UFC.mL-1.

Natural antioxidants or phytochemical antioxidants are secondary metabolites of plants. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) can be a major source of natural or phytochemical antioxidants such as beta-carotene, ascorbic acid, terpenoids, alkaloids, and polyphenols such as flavonoids, flavones glycosides, rutin etc. It is an important commercial crop which is, used both as spice and medicine and its therapeutic benefits of ginger are mainly due to the presence of volatile oils.

This study was designed to determine the incidence of H.pylori in different types of food and water in Dhamar Governorate. Four hundred and twenty six samples (426) were collected included 114 Red meat, 100 Poultry meat, 100 Salad and 112 Water. The results revealed that the isolation rate of H.pylori from total samples was (11.7%), the highest rate of H.pylori isolation were found in red meat samples (15.8%), then poultry meat (13.0 %), water (11.6%), and salad (6.0 %). When we study the relationship between prevalence of H.pylori in food and water with months during the period of study.

Mutation breeding has been generally used for the improvement of plant characters in several crops. It is a powerful and effective tool in the hands of plant breeders. In mutation breeding program, selection of an effective and efficient mutagen is very essential to produce high frequency of desirable traits. The three sugarcane clones viz; NIA-0819, NIA-98 and BL4 were selected and subjected with Ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) doses of 5, 10, and 15 mM and untreated of each variety were used as control.

Triclosan (TCS) is a widely used antimicrobial agent that is used worldwide since 1972. It can be found in various hygiene, medical and consumer products. Due to its widespread use, TCS has increasingly been a public health concern. The present study aimed to assess the histopathological potential and DNA damage induction of TCS treatment in liver tissues in male albino mice and to evaluate the protector role of vitamin E (Vit E) against TCS toxicity. TCS (15 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneal for 2 consecutive days.

Rice (Oryza sativa L) is the most prominent crop over globe. In India, rice crop plays vital role in country’s food security and is the backbone of livelihood for millions of people, so may be called as ‘rice is life’. Traditional puddled rice is a major source of methane, nitrous oxide emission which is directly related to greenhouse gases to global warming. Transplanting is the dominant method of sowing in the rice-wheat growing areas of the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP).

Background: Approximtely 10% of humans at risk of UTI at some time during their lives It must be note, UTIs are also the most common hospital –acquired infection, accounting for as many as 35% of nosocomial infection. Subject and Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure sciences, University of Diyala. The study included 50 patients from dialysis patients who are in Ibn–Sina Dialysis Center in Baquba Teaching Hospital, during the period from November/2015 to April/2016.

The traditional way of transplanting of rice is very massive, labour intensive, time consuming and costly. It requires raising of nursery, it’s uprooting, transplanting in the field and continuous ponding of water for the first 15 days. Non- availability of timely labour cause late planting and ultimately reduces the yield. Change in rice establishment method from traditional manual transplanting of seedlings to direct seedling.

The present study focuses on the insights of intraspecific and interspecific variability to address the questions related to diversity among the collections of Averrhoa (Averrhoa bilimbi and A. carambola). Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) from fifteen collections, belonging to six districts of Kerala state were analyzed. Nucleotide sequences obtained were deposited in the database and showed high percentage of similarity with the already deposited sequences in the database.

Skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) fishing in the waters of Bacan Island by fishermen based in PPP Panamboang, South Halmahera Regency is generally done using pole and line with auxiliary gear of fish aggregating devices (FADs). Skipjack fishing activity needs effective information so maximum catch can be achieved. Information about the area and season where skipjack can be captured in a large amount can reduce the cost of fishing operation, fishing time, and energy. One solution that offered the best solution is of knowing the pattern of skipjack fishing season.

The Andaman sea Eco region is biologically rich in both diversity and abundance. The high diversity is encountered from genus to individual species, habitat and ecosystems. The coral reefs, mangroves, sea grass beds, marine lakes and deep sea valleys of the region form a constellation of diverse habitat that support a spectacular variety of fauna. Molluscsare highly successful invertebrates in terms of ecology and adaptation and are found nearly in all habitats ranging from deepest ocean trenches to the intertidal zones, and freshwater to land occupying a wide range of habitats.

Protein engineering-based drug designing is quite interesting research area for invention of peptide based drugs. The current study is aimed to engineer BuforinII antimicrobial peptide by Mechanism based protein engineering. Template BuforinII was obtained from NCBI database and its similar sequences were retrieved by using Blast P. Protein engineering resulted in a total of 200 variable peptides. 3D model developed for 200 variable peptides and BuforinII by using PEPFOLD server. The developed models were evaluated by RAMPAGE and Q-Mean servers.

The present investigation was carried out in Vertisols of Akola district of Maharashtra to ascertain the effect of potassium application on yield and nutrient uptake by Bt Cotton. This was carried out by conducting field experiments on research farm of Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola and similarly on five farmer`s fields in intensive cotton growing area of Vertisols in Akola district during 2012-13 and 2013-14.

The objective of this work is directed to model the Climatic Bultó Index for Havana city with a year of advance. This index is also modeled independent in the period 2001, month 1, until the year 2005, month 5. In total there are 52 cases, from which two models are obtained, one for the index with short term parameters, (Lag 1, Lag 4) like predictor and another model of the index with parameters of one year of advance (lag 12, lag 16).

This study was undertaken to evaluate the phytochemicals of various pure honey samples. Three types of honey samples were collected from different area of Western ghats, Theni district, South India. The raw honey samples under study were marked as sample 1 (S1), sample 2 (S2) and sample 3 (S3). Various solvents such as aqueous, ethanol, ethyl acetate and methanol were used for extraction of honey samples.

The present study aimed to produce a non-alcoholic malt beverage using Feterita sorghum malt and evaluation of the product quality. Two products (A and B) of non- alcoholic sorghum malt beverage were prepared by addition of two different amounts of caramel. The quality of the products was evaluated using physical, chemical and sensory tests. The physicochemical properties of sorghum wort in terms of reducing sugars, pH, colour and original gravity were 43, 53 wort A were 39.42 and 41.67 mg/ml, 6.59 and 6.68 9 and EBC, 1.026 and 0.846 in wort A and wort B, respectively.

The present research on clutch and egg characteristics of White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus phoenicurus) was carried out during 2013-2015 in Jammu district of J&K State. A total of 67 clutches were studied. The overall mean clutch size was recorded to be 5.97 ± 1.35 varying from 3 to 8. The clutch size of 6 was recorded to be the most common (29.85%). Eggs were oval, cream in colour and marked with light and dark brown and purple blotches and spots.

Chlorination of organic molecules is catalyzed by chloroperoxidase in the presence of hydrogen peroxide, few reports have been published on bromination of organic compounds catalyzed by chloroperoxidase. In this work, chloroperoxidase was used to catalyze the bromination of organic compounds in the presence of hydrogen peroxide and sodium bromide. The reaction mixture contain phenol red, NaBr, hydrogen peroxide and chloroperoxide, the reaction was followed by spectrophotometry and HPLC measurements at 590 nm.

The formation of the triple alloys Re-Cu-Se on the platinum electrode at volt amperemetric cycling has been studied. The investigation was carried out from sulphur acidic solution containing selenious acid, potassium perrhenate, chlorine copper. The kinetics of the processes was controlled using the measurements by the method of cyclic volt-amperometry on the device İVİUSTAT.

Cadmium selenide (CdSe) thin films were deposited on glass substrates by the chemical bath deposition (CBD) method, using cadmium sulphate (CdSO4) and sodium selenosulphite (Na2SeSO3) as sources of cadmium and selenium ions respectively. The influence of bath temperature (Tb), on the structural, morphological, chemical composition and optical properties of these films were investigated. XRD studies revealed that the film deposited at 323K was polycrystalline with hexagonal structure and exhibited (100) preferential orientation.

A simple spectrophotometric technique has been developed for the determination Doxycycline hyclate (DCH) in pure and pharmaceutical formulations. The proposed method is based on the oxidative coupling reaction using sodium periodate and hydrazine dihydrochloride (HZD) producing an orange colored complex with maximum absorption at 420 nm.

This study investigated the potential use of Leyte, Philippines, Binahaan riverine waters in concrete mix. Stratified water sample stations (n=3) were characterized as follows: station 1 was salty or seawater, station 2 was brackish, and station 3, was presumably fresh water. Water cement ratio used 0% (control-potable water), 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of seawater, brackish, and fresh riverine waters respectively. Hardened concrete cylinder samples were tested for compressive strength after a curing period of 7, 14, and 28 days.

This research paper reflects the unavoidable relationship between employee retention and the enjoyment at the workplace. As we are going to discuss that how the enjoyment at the workplace and work life balance are the keys to employee retention in all types of the organization.

The study on the anthropogenic factors affecting protected area was carried out in Senkele Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary (SSHS). Survey questionnaires, key informant interview (KII), Focus group discussion (FGD), direct observation and literature reviews were employed to collect primary and secondary data. Four kebeles were purposefully selected from 8 kebeles surrounding SSHS. Thereafter, about 151 households were selected for survey.

Background & objectives: Online shopping provides a customer with a large variety of products and services where he is able to make comparison of different products and their features. Now days, online shopping provide the various benefits to the customers like less cost, more discounts, fast delivery, better quality, combo offers, replacement facility, guarantee and warrantee of products, discount coupons on next purchase and many more.

There is no escaping color. Whether it's choosing what to wear when you wake up in the morning or using color to make a picture full of life, color choice is always there. Color can affect your mood and motives. Some psychologists say that a person's favorite color can say something about their personality. Below is an insight into what a favorite color might have to say about a person. Not all of these traits may be true to you but you might be able to relate some to your own personality or someone else you know personality.

According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration: "Mineral water is any natural water that contains at least 250 parts per million of total dissolved solids (TDS). It must be verified through a lab test whereby a litre of water, evaporated at 180 degrees C, should leave a residue of minerals and salts. Bottled water is a ubiquitous commodity in the contemporary world. Though far more expensive per unit of volume than tap water or filtered water, and even gasoline in some places, bottled water is popular and widespread.

The research itinerary studies the reading of the graphic documentation of relating the UNESCO territory of Montenegro, and particularly the towns of Kotor, Dobrota, Perast and Herceg Novi, which overlook the Adriatic Sea. The drawing of the territory is, therefore, the result of incessant work of man, an eternal construction site where they collected the history and culture that characterize the contemporaneity of past and present: an eternal construction site, a source of creativity and change.

Each person on the planet can be, distinguished at molecular level on the basis of high level of polymorphism in the succession of his or her DNA, which he or she acquires from his or her biological parents and is identical in each cell of the body. DNA fingerprinting, as this system of recognizable proof is called, can affirm with sureness the parentage of a person. The utilization of DNA profiling in the criminal equity framework is a vital issue in criminal specialists today. The innovation is changing quickly and a few new procedures are getting to be distinctly accessible.

Tourism and hospitality benefits local economies substantially by improving foreign exchange earnings, creating employment and investment opportunities, increasing government revenues, developing a country's image and supporting all other sectors of the economy as well as local communities. This paper explores the influence of technological alliances on the growth of hotel industry based on a study of hotels in Eldoret town in Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design with a target population of 220 drawn from the hotel industry in Eldoret town.

Background: In this research, the psychological adjustment of adolescent students to parental divorce is the main focus of interest. The research questioned whether parental divorce influences the psychological adjustment of adolescents. Method: Two groups (adolescents from divorced family and from intact family) were examined across three domains of self-reported adolescent psychological functioning. The study was conducted on 120 adolescents of both sex (60 from each study groups) attending 10+1 and 10+2 grade level at Jimma, Agaro and Mizan town preparatory schools.

In this innovative era of material science, newer methods and materials which were facilitated to overcome the shortcomings of the traditional methods have been articulated for the restoration of grossly destructed teeth. As such a material is Customizable fiber post, Everstick post. Two clinical case reports ofrestoring form and function using this novel material are documented here. In the first case minimal preparation was carried out without enlarging the canal and in the second case an anatomic post was fabricated in a wide and flared root canal.

Dental Ethics is an ever-growing collection of online courses, resources, and materials related to dental ethics a type of ethics resource clearing house. The purpose Dental Ethics is to heighten ethical and professional responsibility, promote ethical conduct and professionalism in dentistry, advance dialogue on ethical issues, and stimulate reflection on common ethical problems in dental practice. There are various aspects in dentistry to practice what is preached and maintain the ethics while treating patient.

Computed Tomography plays a major diagnostic role in evaluation of patients with neoplastic sinonasal diseases and determines the mode of management. The purpose of the present study is to assess the role of CT in diagnosis of neoplastic sinonasal diseases by correlating CT diagnosis with final histopathological diagnosis and evaluating the sensitivity and specificity of CT. This study was a retrospective hospital based study executed in the Department of Radiodiagnosis, Acharya Vinobha Bhave Rural hospital (AVBRH) attached to Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha.

The pathology has extended its wings in the past few decades and has contributedgreatly in understanding the pathogenesis of genetic disorders and in diagnosis of several undifferentiated malignantneoplasms. Molecular techniques are being used in clinical field. There are various techniques which are introduced in the field of pathology like brush cytology, velscope, confocal microscopy, tumor markers, microarray etc.

Among them, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), consists of a stage of greater severity and is characterized by the presence of hepatic steatosis, hepatocellular ballooning, micro and macro vesicular steatosis, with inflammatory response, and hepatic fibrosis, has emerged as a cause of chronic liver disease that may lead to severe clinical conditions, which include cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Still in the present moment there is no pharmacological treatment for NAFLD and NASH.

Introduction: Engineering of craniofacial tissues will have a profound impact on treatment strategies and surgical modalities in the future. Millions of patients across all ages are affected annually by sequelae of aberrant development, trauma and disease. Tissue engineering is a relatively new interdisciplinary field that seeks to provide a unique solution to tissue loss or deficiency. This involves implanting specific population of autologous living cells that have been isolated, expanded in tissue culture and introduced into scaffolds like a polymer framework.

Oral fibroma is a common benign scar-like reaction to persistent long-standing irritation in the mouth. It is also known as traumatic fibroma, focal fibrous hyperplasia, fibrous nodule or oral polyp. Oral fibroma presents as a firm smooth lump in the mouth. The surface may be ulcerated due to trauma, or become rough and scaly. This case report is a documentation of a 60 year old female. On examination 6 fibroma lesions were present in relation to lower right and left buccal mucosa and floor of the mouth.

Restoration of carious teeth presents the dentist with the dilemma of selecting a suitable restorative material. Dentist must make this selection with great care because, in future years, those restorations needing replacement will result in the loss of increasing amount of tooth structure. This sets up a cycle where the increasing cavity size limits the choice of the materials that may be used effectively.

Objective: To compare changes occurring in the soft tissue profile with orthodontic treatment after extraction and non-extraction cases, and to determine soft tissue parameters that show significant correlations to understand the factors influencing the response to tooth movement. Methodology: Pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalographs of 16 subjects were assessed.

Background: Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis is an established risk factor for development of lymphoma in thyroid and because of florid lymphocytic infiltrate it becomes difficult to distinguish it from lymphoma thereby posing a diagnostic challenge. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the demographical and morphological profiles of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and to ascertain the importance of B cell and T cell population using CD20 and CD 3 monoclonal antibodies for differentiating Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis with extensive lymphoplasmacytoid infiltrate from MALT Lymphoma.

The oral manifestations of HIV disease in children are well described, although occasional descriptions of new lesions make their way into literature. HAART generally reduces the frequency and/or security of most oral lesions associated with HIV disease. Fissured tongue is one of the nonspecific tongue lesions rarely observed in HIV patients under HAART. This paper presents a rare case report of fissured tongue in HIV patients of 11 year old under HAART.

Background: Dorsal hand injuries or defects in diabetic patients are usually complicate by skin loss, tendon exposure, then aggressive hand function loss. They are less common reports about this subject in literature. Objectives: This study was designed to providea clinical report and outcome observations about the use of RRFF in the reconstruction of dorsal hand defects associated with tendons exposure.

Dysmenorrhea itself is not life threatening, but is found to have a profound impact on the daily activities and may result in missing work or school; inability to participate in sports or other activities and it may accentuate the emotional distress brought on by the pain (Andrew, 1999). Acharya Charaka has mentioned that Yoniroga can’t occur without vitiation of Vata (Agnivesha, 2004). Again pain is the main feature of Kashtartava, so it has strong relation with Vata.

This study examines the effects of positive and negative emotions on students’ self-motivation. Participants' emotions were stimulated with music, lyrics, and inspirational event. There were 259 participants taking part in this study; 56 males (21.6%) and 203 females (78.4%) with a mean age of 20.16 (SD=.95). We predicted that both positive and negative emotions contributed to self-motivation. We measured emotional levels using the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) scale and motivational levels using a self-motivation scale.

The objective of this study is to present our experience with the use of infrared laser with (ƛ) 904 nm, for treatment of bone resorption in dental implants in process of osseointegration. Material and methods: we present a clinical case of treatment of bone resorption around the apex of an implant in process of osseointegration. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) in the infrared specter with (λ) 904 nm was used for the treatment. Six procedures were performed, every other day, with a dose of 3-4 J/ cm2.

Background: It was observed that many young adults were presenting with hearing loss secondary to trauma. The rate appeared increasing as the days pass by as seen in a tertiary health facility in the heart of the town. Objectives: To determine the aetiology, presentation, treatment and outcome of patients with ear trauma managed in a tertiary hospital at a central location in the city and suggest ways to reduce the frequency. Methodology: Clinical case review and observation of patients presenting with ear trauma were studied over three years in the urban city.

Depression in the third age obeys the etiopathogenic factors that condition the disorders Objective: To identify the prevalence of depression in the Elderly, a prospective, transversal, descriptive study was performed, participating 76 People over 60 years old Material and methods: Se Applied the DSM-IV survey to determine the depression in the Elderly people of the town of Candelaria, Campeche during the period of April to October of 2016.

The newest tragedy that has surged the death toll in past few years is deaths due to Road traffic accidents. RTA has now evolved to be major cause of deaths in our state. Hundreds of accidents occur every month in every nook of our state, needless to say, have culminated in unfortunate deaths of thousands of our young boys. Mostly the motor accidental episodes involve sheer negligent driving, rash driving especially by motorcycles, in and around city outskirts, truck collisions on the highways, overloaded passenger vehicles. In far flung districts that finally end up in Road Accidents.

Introduction: The identification of the clinical consequences of Helicobacter pylori infection is certainly one of the major discoveries within the past 20 years in medicine. H. pylori was the first formally recognized bacterial carcinogen and is one of the most common human pathogen. It has been etiologically associated with gastritis and gastric associated diseases, peptic ulcer, gastric adenocarcinoma and primary gastric carcinoma.

Human negligence is a factor responsible for the development of antibiotic resistance. As soon as symptoms subside many patients stop taking antibiotics before completion of therapy and allow partially resistant microbes to flourish. Such practice should be condemned strongly and people should be educated to avoid the same. The increased rate of isolations of pseudomonas aeruginosa has its own implications as this organism is an important cause of nosocomial infections and has developed resistance to even many potent antibiotics.

Aim: To Predict the Maxillary Lateral-Incisor Root Resorption of Potentially Impacted Canine Using Sector Analysis Material and Methods: OPG of 20 patients were included in the study. All patients had fully erupted maxillary permanent lateral incisors adjacent to the impacted canines. Each impacted canine was assigned to sector I-IV according to Lindauer and colleagues. Results: In our study, none of the 10 impacted canines in sectors I and II had adjacent lateral incisors with any root resorption.

Introduction: The frequency of falls in elderly may be correlated to the reduced muscle strength and ineffective balance strategies.The present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of progressive resistance training in improving balance amongst elderly. Materials and Methods: The interventional study was carried out on elderly individuals selected from senior citizen groups across Mumbai and Pune cities, India.

Introduction: Primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of urinary bladder is an extremely rare disease. Symptomatically this tumor usually presents during the 5th and 6th decades of life with hematuria. It needs to be distinguished from mucinous adenocarcinoma metastasizing to the bladder from other primary sites. We report this case in a young man whose disease progressed to an advanced stage with minimal, irritative lower urinary tract symptoms and needed an extensive resection to achieve locoregional control.

Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) is a rare malignancy, and constitutes about 0.016% of all cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Primary hepatic lymphoma most commonly affected middle-aged males. Presenting symptoms and physical findings were non-specific. Ultrasonography and computed Tomography (CT) can help in the diagnosis, which can be confirmed only by histological examination of a liver biopsy specimen. In this article, we retrospectively reviewed the imaging features of 19 pathologically proven cases of primary hepatic lymphoma.

Objective: To determine functional outcome of anterior cervical decompression and fusion early than 6 months from the symptoms or more than 6 monthes from the symptoms for degenerative cervical spondylotic myelopathy with modified Japanese orthopedic association score (MJOA). Materials and Methods: 40 diagnosed cases of one level cervical myelopathy at king abdulazaiz hospital in Taif between 2008—20013 were retrospectively analyzed at, 1 year using MJOA.

Cutaneous metastasis occur infrequently and are rarely present at the time the cancer is initially diagnosed (1). In majority of cases, cutaneous metastasis presents late, having a poor prognosis. The definite diagnosis of cutaneous lesions can differentiate between primary and adnexal or recurrence of malignancy and this can prevent further unnecessary surgical interventions. Such a result requires high degree of suspicion since the clinical signs and symptoms of skin metastases are difficult to analyze.

This paper reports the benefits of therapist assisted sensorimotor task specific training (TASTT) and electrical stimulation in the rehabilitation of Wrist drop. Wrist drop is caused by damage to the radial nerve, which travels down the arm and controls the movement of the triceps muscle at the back of the upper arm, because of several conditions.

Pancreatic neoplasms, both benign and malignant, are uncommon during pregnancy. There have been only eight reported cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Aden ocarcinomas of the pancreas during pregnancy present a unique treatment challenge. In all cases the goal is to minimize both maternal and fetal risk. In this article we discuss about a 25 yrs old G2P1L1, Previous LSCS, a case of pancreatic carcinoma. Oncologist opinion was obtained, planned to continue pregnancy with explained risk of fetal anomaly. Serial USG, LFT, Serum amylase level monitored.

Background: This study was aimed to evaluate various clinical presentations of lacunar infarcts and correlating their localization with Radiological imaging Method: This Cross sectional study was conducted on 100 patients who admitted and attended at Dr. PSIMS & amp; RF which is a rural tertiary health care centre from July 2015 to November 2016. Patients presenting with various clinical Lacunar syndromes, were evaluated for etiopathogenesis, confirming the lesion localization with radiological imaging.

Introduction: Dexmedetomidine being a highly selective & potent α2a agonist has a wide therapeutic actions. Dexmedetomidine was used as a sole analgesic & sedative agent in day care surgeries. Methods: The study was conducted on 40 patients divided in 2 groups, A & B of ASA-I & ASA-II. In group A patients received inj. Dexmedetomidine 1 µg/kg i.v slowly & in group B received inj. Fentanyl 1 µg/kg i.v slowly prior to induction. Following preoxygenation induction done with inj.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of three different concentrations (1wt%, 3wt % and 5wt %) of MA-POSS (methacryl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane) on flexural strength of heat cured denture base resin (PMMA). Material and Methods: Total 40 test specimens were made of heat cured denture base resin (DPI, Dental Products of India) with dimensions of 65 mm x 10 mm x 3 mm. Methacryl POSS (MA-POSS) was added in 1wt%, 3wt% and 5 wt% concentrations by physically blending in polymer matrix.

Objective: Candida albicans is generally considered the major pathogen among the Candida species. An increase in the prevalence of non-albicans Candida species has been noted during the last decades and also azole resistance is seen more commonly in non-albicans Candida species compared to Candida albicans. The objective of the study was to identify, isolate and speciate Candida and perform antifungal susceptibility testing from various clinical specimens which has a direct impact on choice of empirical antifungal treatment.

Background: Multiple Sclerosis is the commonest immune mediated inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system. It is usually relapsing remitting and presents with focal neurological deficit. On the other hand ADEM (Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis) also known as postinfectous encephalomyelitis is a rare CNS demyelinating disorder which is typically monophisic and presents with encephalopathy. Objective: We would like to report a rare case of MS that present with ADEM like clinical and radiological picture.

Background: Influenza virus causes outbreak of influenza which causes sickness and kills thousands of people each year, also may cause outbreaks of devastating worldwide epidemics. There are three human pathogens; Influenza A that causes worldwide epidemic, Influenza B virus that causes influenza and Influenza C virus causes mild respiratory tract infections. The lack of awareness among people or medical professionals, shortage of sufficient epidemiological information or due to inaccessibility of current vaccine of general population for prevention of flu virus and related illness.

Patients with facial defects avoid social contact. The reason behind this may be functional problems or serious psychological problems. Plastic surgery and prosthesis are the treatment option for the patients who are wishing to disguise the absence of all or missing part. The maxillofacial prosthesis constructed by prosthodontists is an alternative treatment when the facial defects cannot be surgically treated. There are various retentive aids to enhance retention. This article gives a brief review on auricular retentive aids which are used to enhance retention.

Background: Variations in structure, maturation, and arrangement patterns in odontogenic lesions, affect clinical and biological behavior. Aim: The aim was to assess arrangement and distribution of collagen fibers in Odontogenic lesions histochemically using Picrosirius Red Stain and observed under Polarizing Microscopy.

Bite force is recognized as one of the factors indicating the masticatory system’s functional state resulting from jaw elevator muscle action, modified by cranio-mandibular biomechanics. Many studies have been performed to determine the relationship between bite force and masticatory efficiency, as bite force is one of the key determinants of masticatory performance.

Replacement of mandibular teeth in an edentulous mandible with resorbed ridges and localized alveolar ridge defect is a challenge for the Oral surgeon as well as the Prosthodontist. Various soft and hard tissue procedures have been proposed to correct alveolar ridge deformities. Many new techniques have evolved in treating these ridge defects to improve function and esthetics. The present case reports a novel technique of alveolar ridge onlay grafting using hydroxyapetite crystals admixed with Platelet Rich Fibrin used as a barrier membrane.

Colistin is a polymyxin with bactericidal activity against most strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The recent increase in multidrug-resistant strains of P. aeruginosa has prompted renewed interest in the use of colistin. Rapid and reliable colistin susceptibility testing (ST) is needed in routine clinical laboratories to allow appropriate therapeutic decision-making. The present study aimed to study the efficacy and reliability of disc diffusion method to test the susceptibility of colistin.

Vertebral collapse is the breakdown of a vertebra resulting in a decreased height of its body. The collapse may occur to a variable extent. Vertebral collapse is associated with an increased width of the body with possible bulging of the posterior wall towards the spinal canal and consequent spinal cord or nerve root compression in severe cases. While the diagnosis of vertebral collapse is easily accomplished with plain X-ray films, etiology & in particular differentiation between benign osteoporotic vertebral collapses from tumoral replacement is difficult.

Introduction: Secretory Otitis Media (SOM) is the commonest clinical condition that can cause conductive deafness, especially among school going children. The outcome of hearing loss in children, include, speech problems, behavioral problems, and poor academic performance. Management of SOM therefore remains crucial. Here, comparative study between antibiotics Vs surgical therapy in treatment of SOM has been done. Materials and Methods: The study was started with enrolling fifty patients. A detailed history with ENT examinations was done and documented in a validated proforma.

Aim: 1. to determine significance of intervertebral disc fluid sign in differentiating benign and malignant vertebral collapse. 2.Accuracy of intervertebral disc fluid sign in determining osteoporotic vertebral collapse. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in department of radiology and orthopedics .Study subjects belonging to all age groups, those who attended radiology and orthopedics department were included in the study.Detailed clinical history was taken and subjects were subjected to imaging and statistical analysis was done.

Purpose: The purpose of this survey was to assess the perceptions and knowledge of caregivers who provide oral health care for persons with special needs (PSN) and person with medical conditions (PMC) with regards to the persons with special needs and medical conditions overall oral health care and the factors that affect provision of such care. Methods: This 33 items item survey consisted of questions to determine the perception and knowledge of the parent/caregivers with regards to the overall oral health care of PSN and PMC.

The Protocols followed for the isolation of genomic DNA from Portieriahornemannii have certain limitations due to the presence of polysaccharides and polyphenols in the sample. DNA isolated by these protocols is contaminated with a sticky and viscous matrix. In our modified DNA isolation method polysaccharides and polyphenols are removed prior to the precipitation of the DNA. Then the genomic DNA was precipitated using isopropanol. This protocol yielded a high molecular weight DNA isolated from fresh as well as dry leaves of Portieriahornemannii, which was free from contamination.

Here we report the thermodynamic analysis of glucose interaction on conformational transitions on DNA duplex with different base compositions and lengths by using Circular Dichroism, UV thermal melting and native gel electrophoresis. CD results revealed that three duplexes Duplex 1 “D1” and Duplex 2 “D2” folded into B-form while Duplex 3 “D3” folded into mixed A and B like forms in the presence of different cations and glucose. We monitor the interaction between DNA duplex and glucose over a range of temperatures.

While promoting yield gains, nitrogen can bring huge losses by lodging. The work aimed to analyze the behavior of oat elite cultivars pattern of resistance and susceptibility to lodging the use nitrogen for grain yield and effects on lodging in favorable and unfavorable years of cultivation in Augusto Pestana and Capão do Leão on Rio Grande do Sul. Propose the recommendation of high grain yield cultivars with reduced lodging, independent of the agricultural year and indicate the breeding programs potential genotypes for advances in grain yield with resistance to lodging.

Variation in the functional traits of plants stem from evolutionary and environmental drivers that operate on different scales. Such traits are linked to growth, survival, and reproduction of organisms and tend to vary less in harsh environments. This study evaluated the variation in leaf and wood traits of dominant plant species of different types of restinga vegetation to answer (i) which traits respond most to edaphic conditions and (ii) in which vegetation type are species more functionally redundant.

The study was designed to find the effect of light duration on overall production of Japanese quails such as weight gain, feed consumption and egg production. Total one hundred and twenty Japanese quails were grouped into three and each group was intended forty birds. Group-A with a light duration of 12 hours, group-B has 16 hours and group-C was fixed for 20 hours of light duration. The experiment was designed for two months (60 days). Obtained data was statistically analyzed by using the significant difference.

Chopped maize have to be compressed in bunker silos for high quality silage. High losses can occur if the compaction is too low. The main objective of this research was to determine the compaction force at the ensiled material in bunker silo. A pressure measurement method was developed. This method is based on the compaction force determination. Mesens 500 series 4-20 mA of the 4 bar capacity pressure sensor was used. Sensor capacity was determined by the tractor tire pressure. In bunker silos were identified measure points to characterize the silage compaction profile.

This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of 2, 4 D on gill and liver tissue of Heteropneustes fossilis in order to understand its toxicity. The experimental fishes were exposed to two sublethal concentrations 3.00 ppm (1/10th of LC50) and 0.60 ppm (1/50th of LC50) doses of 2, 4 D for duration of 30 days. Histopathological analysis showed damage to liver and changes in gill architecture which were characterized by vacuolation, hepatic necrosis, disruption of gill lamellae.

This review presents a critical analysis of the various aspects of producing antimicrobial textiles. The microbes involved their mechanism of adherence on natural and synthetic fibers, effect of microbial growth on textiles, principle and mechanism of antimicrobial activity and the compounds being used for this purpose have been covered.

The present study was undertaken to determine the expected genetic gain for seed yield and its components from half-sib selection method, to assess the effect of intermating on genetic correlation and to assess the frequency of half-sib families significantly superior over Bhima and A1. The 200 half-sib families were developed and evaluated in rabi 2008, along with five check varieties. Expected genetic advance was 39.68 per cent and 45.68 per cent at 10 per cent selection intensity over population mean and Bhima respectively for the seed yield per plant.

Tilapia fish, Oreochromius niloticus were exposed to different sublethal concentrations (30 mgll and 50 mg/l) of chlorine to observe behavioral alterations and histopathological alterations in liver. The fishes showed marked changes in their behavior when exposed to the test solution of different concentrations. The fishes showed rapid swimming than in control, hyperactivity, loss of balance, increased surfacing activity.

The methanol extract of four seaweeds collected from Mandapam coast were determined using phytochemicals of total phenolic activity, carotenoids, flavonoids and antioxidant potential assay The methanol extract of brawn seaweed Sargassum weightii showed higher phenolic content than all green seaweed Ulva lactuca, Caulerpa taxifolia. Higher antioxidant activity was also observed in mathanol extract of Sargassum weightii.

Solar still, which converts available brackish or impure water into potable water, can be used to supply drinking water for the people living in arid and remote areas. But, this still is not popular because of its lower productivity. This research work presents the theoretical and actual performance of the single basin double slope solar still and explores the different methods to improve the efficiency.

This paper studies the production manager’s preference for economic production quantity of his single item inventory to avoid the escalating prices of the different cost like setup cost, holding costs and ordering costs. We also introduce a fuzzy inventory model under safety stock based on fuzzy total annual safety stock cost and annual holding cost of safety stock out and fuzzy total stock out cost. We apply the function principle and Graded Mean Integration representation method for computing the optimal production quantity and fuzzy total annual inventory cost.

The extraction and characterization of crude oil of Moringa oleifera oil found in India, Tamil Nadu has been carried out. Normal hexane was used as solvent for the extraction process. The oil produced was refined through transesterification process using methoxide and magnetic stirrer local. The characterization analysis revealed that tested parameters, which include specific gravity, refractive index, viscosity, density, acid value, saponification value and iodine value for both crude and refined Moringa oil produced, were within the ASTM standard specifications.

Web cache replacement plays important role in increasing the performance and speed of browsing web sites using internet. This paper highlights a new proposed Average Least Frequency Used Removal (ALFUR) and compares it with web cache replacement techniques like (LFU, LRU, SIZE, and PCCIA). Hit Ratio (HR) and ByteHit Ratio (BHR) were used to measure the performance of these algorithms, and it was found that ALFUR technique has the bestHit Ratio and ByteHit Ratio since it has the highest values for HR &BHR when cache size was started from 1Mb,6Mb,500Mb,800Mb.

A study was conducted on agricultural soils in Kindo Koysha District, Southern Ethiopia, with the objective of evaluating soil physico chemical properties. Physical and chemical characteristics of soils were evaluated using standard methods. Soil properties varied according to the sites. pH varied from strongly acidic (4.7) to slightly acidic (6.5). The levels of organic carbon (OC) and total nitrogen (N) were 1 to 1.83% and 0.086 to 0.157%, respectively. The soil OC contents were in low to moderate range. The carbon to nitrogen ratio (C:N) in all the studied sites was greater than 10.

Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) is an important pulse crop which resists drought. It has more protein contents and better digestibility than any other pulse crop. It can be grown under drought stress conditions, where, the short time is available for growth. The residues of mung bean are also used as feed for animals and enhance the soil fertility as well.

This paper proposes a direct control strategy for an interior permanent magnet synchronous generator-based variable speed by using fuzzy logic. In this scheme, the requirement of the continuous rotor position is eliminated as all the calculations are done in the stator reference frame. This scheme possesses advantages such as lesser parameter dependence and reduced number of controllers compared with the traditional indirect vector control scheme. Fuzzy logic adds to bivalent logic an important capability—a capability to reason precisely with imperfect information.

A new technology for sensing LPG by combining the properties of GFET, Graphene and HBN is reported in this work. It is reported that the use of organic semiconductor material can decrease the cost of the sensor substantially. The limited carrier mobility of OFET is improved by the addition of Graphene and HBN. Pentacene is also used in the expectation of enhancing carrier transport capabilities. An added advantage is that the same sensor can be used for the selective detection of sulphur dioxide and n-butane.

Two single microbial fuel MFCs with different roughness (roughened and without roughened) were firstly constructed and the effect of the roughness on optimal power density was studied. It was found that the power density of MFC with roughened electrodes (50 mW•m–2) was two times as high as that of MFC with unroughened electrodes, showing that roughness plays an important role in improving power density. Four series stack MFCs with roughened electrodes were then constructed to further improve power density and long-term performances of the MFCs were studied over 160 days.

In lower limbs the femoral artery carries the oxygenated blood to the thigh region and hence leads the blood to the popliteal artery around the knee in human leg. This research was carried out to evaluate the blood flow through the popliteal artery in those cases in which the femoral artery shows monophasic type of waveform in ultrasound examination. Such five cases were chosen whose femoral artery showed monophasic pattern of waveform in ultrasound procedure and same cases were also diagnosed again for the blood flow through popliteal artery using a different ultrasound machine.

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is an escalating concern in the modern era of electronics. As such it has become a critical area to study while designing and packagingelectronics. With the growing volume of electronic devices and increasing processor frequencies, the electromagnetic environment is becoming ever more congested resulting in need for adequate EMI shielding.

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the methods and findings of a study that examined how early childhood educators enrolled in an undergraduate literacy methods course learned to implement guided practice, as a research-based approach to literacy instruction, to support and nurture early literacy.

Clove industry supports significantly Zanzibar economy and leading sector for foreign exchange earning in Zanzibar. The objective of this study was to examine social vulnerability (exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity) of the clove farmers in Pemba Island to the impacts of climate change and variability. The study covered four districts of Pemba Island (Mkoani, Chakechake, Wete and Micheweni). The livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) and LVI-IPCC scores were used to assess components of vulnerability of the households. A total of 360 households were surveyed during this study.

Flexibility is considered as an important factor of physical fitness among all athletes, which can be improved via static or dynamic type, muscle elongation. Although the ideal duration of static muscle elongation has been extensively researched, no one has examined the effect of dynamic muscle elongation and more precisely the proper duration of mat Pilates exercises required for flexibility improvement.

This study tried to examine the relationship between teachers’ feedback and the influence level of its explicitness on students’ self-correction ability in writing at Gore Preparatory School. To find out this, one shot experimental research design using quantitative research method was employed. Data were collected from 60 students who were selected by simple random sampling technique using lottery method. Participants were assigned to one control group and two experimental groups randomly.

The article provides information about the great Avicenna (Ibn Sina). We study his life and work. He was born in Bukhara (980) and died in Hamadan (1037). The article examines this way.

In the present paper an effort has been complete to throw light on obtainable personal income tax structure in India. The paper briefly investigation the issues involving to high tax load on people lessening under low and medium income group. Researcher conclude that there is still a want to bring additional improvement in the personal income tax structure in the form of development the exemption limits, lowering the tax tariff, reorganize the dissimilar income tax slabs and make simpler overall tax process so that people could be positive for obedience of tax laws.

In Bali province, tourism is one of the leading sectors in addition to agriculture as well as small and medium industries. Tourism in Bali has grown and developed in such a way hence makes big contributions to regional development and Balinese people. Provincial Government develops tourism in the form of cultural tourism which constitutes the delegation to regulate in the form of Regional Regulation and Governor Regulation.

The study sought to investigate the effects of credit policy on financial performance of commercial banks in Kenya. Specifically the research sought to examine the relationship between loan terms and conditions and financial performance, and to determine the relationship between credit information and financial performance. The problem of the study was that some commercial banks use stringent credit policy thus losing customers to other banks with lenient credit policy, this has led to decline in performance of such banks. The study was carried out using descriptive research design.

In the modern era of advancement and technology, a lot of investigative technologies have emerged. Now a day, when crime rate is increasing very highly at the same time, new investigative technology has take over the traditional practices and plays a credential portrayal in nabbing the actual culprits. In an investigation, law enforcement agencies rely on the diversified evidences and correlate them as a link between the culprit and victim.

Handwriting is a unique identity of every individual which can neither be copied nor be recreated. This uniqueness of handwriting in every individual is the product of variation which one makes either consciously or unconsciously but this uniqueness is the foremost requirement for handwriting analysis. An attempt was made to examine and analyse the various minute features possessed in handwriting and to classify them into macro and micro features.

This paper proposes an approach for optimal power flow (OPF) problem in order to improve the power system stability because Stability is one of the important constraints in a power system operation. Often trial and error heuristics methods are used to improve the stability of the power system, but that can be costly and imprecise. A new methodology that eliminates the need for repeated simulation to determine a transiently secure operating point is presented. The methodology involves a stability constrained Optimal Power Flow (OPF).

In Maharashtra an overwhelming number of women have been a part of the active work force due to their total involvement in agriculture. Present study was undertaken to know the health status of selected female farm labourers from urban slum and rural area of Parbhani District of Marathwada region of Maharashtra state. The study involved survey to find socio-economic background of selected 500 female farm labourers i.e.250 each from urban slums and rural. Equal number of 21-30 and 31-40 years i.e. 125 each in all groups were covered for study.

Previous empirical studies on inward foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth generate mixed results. This article suggests that the ambiguous results might be caused by the use of total FDI. We study the heterogeneous effects of different sector-level FDI inflows on host country’s economic growth. Data from 12 South Asian economies over the period of 1987 to 2015 are employed. Strong evidence shows that FDI in manufacturing sector has a significant and positive effect on economic growth in the host economies.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari