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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

May 2018

The basis of this primary and essential standardization of initiators physical principles strong approximation (new concept in EVTD2 theory) concerns the gravitational fields and those appearing in electrostatic. The standardization lies in realistic taking into account of surfaces emissions effects in the space-time (neutral and charged masses) according their equivalent black body temperatures Te. This reconsideration allows concluding the integration of gravity to electromagnetic force in a third specific case – two neutral masses.

The purpose of the present article is to make a model using analytical equations, based on elasticity theory of continuous media for small deformations, with the aim of completely characterizing the material in their mechanical properties as well as the principal stresses-strains of thin films. The approach differs from the standard literature which usually brings crystal symmetries or is directly concerned with crystalline materials. It is entirely possible to dene and to analyse anisotropy in elastic media from first principles in thin films.

The sad reality is that we live in an increasingly violent society in which the fear of crime is ever-present. Personal safety has become an issue of importance for everyone, especially for women. Where awareness fails we need efficient devices to assure our safety. Our aim is to create a complete safety features enabled portable device which will give true right for everyone to live their freedom to the fullest.

This paper investigated the bio-resources characteristics of composite boards manufactured from kenaf bast and oil palm fronds fibers. These two fibers mixed thoroughly and bonded together with resin urea formaldehyde at specified fibers ratios. The evaluations of the physical and strength characteristics made by the European Standards. Assessment of the physical characteristics includes the density, water absorption, thickness swelling and wettability.

The chemical composition and anatomical structure on mature Schizostachyum brachycladum Kurz investigated. Harvested four-year-old bamboo culms segregated into the bottom, middle and top portions. The samples then undergo the Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to determine their structure such as vascular bundle, parenchyma, and sclerenchyma, and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to detect and quantify the changes of chemical composition of bamboo under the different variables which were extractive and the free extractive.

A field experiment was conducted at Agriculture Research Institiute (ARI), Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana on a clay loam soil during the kharif seasons of 2014 and 2015 to study the “Influence of levels and time of nitrogen application on yield, nutrient uptake and soil fertility status in machine transplanted rice (Oryza sativa L.)”. Experiment was carried out in a split plot design with three nitrogen levels viz.

Industrialization and modernization has led to high demand of energy resources thereby increasing the transportation and demand of crude oil and its products via different types of steel products which are prone to wear and tear leading to spillages of all forms in marine, brackish and fresh water habitats. This study is aimed at creating an environmental analysis index corrosion map of the shorelines of Ndoni river, Ahoada river, New Calabar river, Tombia river, Buguma river and Bonny estuary as well as determine corrosion rates of carbon steel coupons on these shorelines.

A quantitative approach, quasi experimental one group pre test post test design aimed to assess the knowledge ,practice and attitude on Temporary and Permanent contraceptive methods among primi and multi mother in Alandurai and Rathinapuri areas in Coimbatore,150 primi and 150 multi mother were selected by non probability convenient sampling technique was used to assess the knowledge, practice and Attitude by structure questionnaire and reassess the know ledge ,practice and attitude.

Background: Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), a highly prevalent malignant disease is a leading cause of death in several regions in Southern China including countries in Southeast Asia. In Indonesia, NPC is a major multi-ethnic problem and it remains one of the most confusing and commonly misdiagnosed disease until advanced stages. Chemotherapy improves treatment but also contribute towards increased risk of thrombosis in cancer. Methods: A total of 12 subjects (males n=8; Stage II n=2; Stage III n=2, Stage IV n=8) were recruited into the study.

Avian mycobacteriosis in poultry is a contagious disease and may also be called avian tuberculosis or avian TB. Several mycobacterial species can be involved in the aetiology of avian tuberculosis. However, avian tuberculosis is most often caused by Mycobacterium avium belonging to serotypes 1, 2, 3 and 6 and M. genavense. The capacity of M. avium to produce progressive disease may be related to cell wall constituents and certain complex lipids present in the cell wall such as cord factor, sulfur-containing glycolipids (sulfatides) or strongly acidic lipids.

The linoleic acid derivative 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA), with cyclopropane rings instead of cis-double bonds, serves as a selective activator of PKCε. The present study investigated whether PKCε, activated by DCP-LA, phosphorylates PKCε itself and how phosphorylated PKCε affects its own activity. DCP-LA phosphorylated PKCε at the serine residues, but not the threonine residues, in PC-12 cells, which is abolished the PKC inhibitor GF109203X.

Introduction: The word error in medicine is used as a label for nearly all of the problems harming patients. Errors in medical field are of tenly make a mark as human errors in healthcare services. The purpose of this study is to assess the subcutaneous medication administration errors done by intensive care unit nurses and to evaluate the effectiveness of event based teaching programme. Methodology: In this experimental study, 74 subcutaneous medication administration events in medical ICU of MMIMS & R Hospital, Mullana, Ambala were observed.

Background: Chronic headache is one of the most common symptoms which are distressing to both patients and physicians. Due to the nagging nature of patients and inability of the physician to diagnose and problems of self-medications, nature of headache remains undiagnosed in spite of many elaborated battery of tests. The aim of the present study is to determine the most commonly associated clinical features of sinusitis. Materials and methods: The present prospective study was conducted in the department of ENT JSS medical college and hospital.

Nursing is a stressful profession with long working hours, ethical dilemmas, and pressure of having responsibility for patients' life support care. Stress causes significant physical, mental, cognitive, behavioral, professional, social and economic impact on person’s under stress for long time. Current review focuses on stress in nursing profession and strategies that are found effective in coping against the stress. Awareness regarding stress and its management is important for nurses so that they can take preventive corrective measure as stress in nursing profession is inevitable.

Objective: To assess the occurrence of pulmonary regurgitation and right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in Tetralogy of Fallot after total correction and to correlate its severity with right ventricular diastolic dysfunction in early post operative period after total correction in TOF patients. Methods: We prospectively studied 38 TOF patients who has undergone total correction. Standard 2-Dimentional & doppler Trans thoracic echocardiographic assessment was done at seventh day , three month and six month after total correction .

RNA was isolated from Blood samples of various subjects of Diabetes, prediabetes and healthy individual. The entire DNA/RNA that has been extracted was found to differ in their molecular weight and was seen as separate bands when viewed under UV light. The concentration of the RNA was estimated by using the Nanodrop 8000 spectrophotometer. The concentration of healthy subject RNA was found to be more from Diabetic and prediabetic the ratio of their absorbance at 260 and 280 nm, was 2.01 which showed purity in the sample.

The aim of the study is to analyze the work environment and problems of public health nurses working within the primary health care system in Turkey, and propose solutions from a societal and nursing point of view. In the world, the need for quality work force in primary health care has increased due to the expansion of health care coverage today.

All young children can be naughty, defiant and impulsive from time to time, which is perfectly normal. However, some children have extremely difficult and challenging behavior outside the norm for their age. The behavior of some children and adolescent are hard to change. Children do not always display their reactions to events immediately although they may emerge later, incase children who have suffered from childhood disorders are at a higher risk such as school failure, suicide, and mental health problems. Teachers play an influencing role in development of personality.

Background: Totally Extra Peritoneal (TEP) Approach in strengthening of posterior wall defect by placing a prosthetic mesh by a posterior approach is commonly practiced for hernia repair. There was a paucity of literature on the long term analysis of outcomes using heavy weight and light weight meshes. Objective: To compare the outcomes in endoscopic total extra-peritoneal groin hernia repair using lightweight and heavyweight polypropylene mesh.

Cancer associated with maxillofacial part is most common type of disorder, and it accounts for more than 550,000 cases annually worldwide. Multidimensional potential risk factors of dental implants failure must be considered when planning implant placement therapy in patients undergoing radiation therapy especially in maxillofacial region. Meticulous treatment planning along with careful preoperative oral examination and good coordination with oncologic specialists cannot be overemphasized.

Objective: To compare the accuracy of gender determination using two different techniques - Davidson bodies identification in blood smear and Barr bodies identification in buccal smear. Methods: A blinded study using 30 subjects (15 males and 15 females) was performed. Peripheral blood smear was obtained from each patient and stained with Leishman stain for identification of Davidson bodies. Buccal smears were obtained from each patient and stained with H and E stain for identification of Barr bodies.

The disfigurement after the loss of an eye can cause significant physical and psychological disturbance to a patient. The rehabilitation of an ocular defect patient is a challenging task both clinically and technically. A Custom made ocular prosthesis aids in replicating the exact location of the iris and gaze of the patient along with an accurate reproduction of the color, contour, and size of the contra lateral natural eye.

Aims and Objectives: This study was done to compare and evaluate the retention of crown on abutment with polished surface, circumferential grooves, sandblasted and abutment both with grooves and surface abrasion using different cements. Materials and Methods: In this study, 10 test samples each with polished surface, circumferential grooves, sandblasted, both with grooves and surface abrasion were used. The copings were fabricated in conventional way with a wax ring attached to the occlusal portion.

Background: Child abuse and neglect are significant problems worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, reported cases are increasing. In 2011, 616 child abuse and neglect cases were registered .This is in comparison with 80 registered cases in 2010. In 2009 and 2008, 73 cases and 65 cases respectively were registered. Therefore, our study was established to assess the level of knowledge and attitudes of dental practitioners regarding child abuse. Research Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude of dental practitioners regarding child abuse.

Objective: The increased demand for esthetic restorations contributed for their development to adequately meet the clinical requirements of direct and indirect restorations in anterior and posterior teeth. This study was conducted to assess the influence of commonly used types of drinks in Saudi Arabia, on color stability of nano-ormocer bulk filling material compared to nano-hybrid resin-composite. Materials and methods: two types of materials were used Nano-hybrid composite (Filtek Z250) and Nano-Ormocer (VOCO admira fusion x-tra).

Objectives: To evaluate marginal accuracy of metallic copings fabricated by conventional lost wax, CAD CAM technique using stereomicroscope. Methods: A stainless steel die was used with preparation height of 7 mm., finish line of 1.0 and the axial convergence was 5 degrees. Seven polyether impressions of the die were made and poured to extra hard stone to produce dies. Upon each die two types of wax pattern were fabricated, Group I: copings were fabricated manually. Group II: copings were fabricated using Cercon CAD/CAM machine creating 30 copings from the two groups (15 each group).

Objectives • To define the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in early evaluation of painful hip joints. • To establish a differential diagnosis of the various painful hip joint conditions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). • To assess the severity and extent of the underlying lesion in various conditions of painful hip joint.

Tobacco induced lesions seem to be increasing with each passing day. The number of tobacco consumers is seen to be multiplying. Those addicted to tobacco, barely know that one day they might land into a serious health hazard. The current paper is a compilation of tobacco related ill effects on the general and systemic health and oral cavity.

Aim: In this study, we evaluated the incidence of nutcracker syndrome as a cause of varicocele in young adults and its relation with body mass index (BMI). Materials and Methods: This prospective study included a total of 30 patients who were referred for high resolution (HR) ultrasound examination of scrotum for evaluation of varicocele.

Aim: Arch bars that are directly fixated to the maxilla and mandible with self-drilling locking screws combine features of Erich arch bars and bone-supported devices and present an alternative method of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) that possesses potential advantages over existing techniques. The objective of this study was to compare IMF using this device with Erich arch bars secured with circum-dental wires. Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed of patients who were surgically treated for maxillofacial fractures from the year 2015 to 2017.

A colostomy is a surgical procedure in which an opening (stoma) is formed by drawing the healthy end of the large intestine or colon through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and suturing it into place. This opening, in conjunction with the attached stoma appliance, provides an alternative channel for feces and flatus to leave the body. It may be reversible or irreversible depending on the circumstances. Two patients where done to them right hemicoloctomy with end to side ileo- transverse anastamosis with vented colostomy where done to them.

Collagen sheath and amniotic membrane has unique properties like enhanced wound healing through neovascularisation, anti adhesive effects, bacteriostatic, without inducing immunological reactions. There are no studies to quantify neovascularisation with any agent applied to chronic non healing ulcers. This is a comparative study between collagen sheath and amniotic membrane application.

Background: - Physical activity is a major risk factor of the disease which leads cardio respiratory problem, obesity etc. maximal (or peak) oxygen consumption (VO2max) is acknowledge as the best physiological measure of cardio respiratory fitness. Aerobic exercise is associated with improvement in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and cardiovascular fitness. Objective: To determine the Efficacy of Jacobson’s Relaxation Technique in improving the aerobic fitness ((VO2max) in young adults. Participants: Total sixty subjects have been included in the study (aged 18-40 years).

Background: Globally there is a shift of the disease burden from communicable diseases to non-communicable diseases. India is no exception in witnessing a rising incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Moreover NCDs have their common risk factors which could be addressed with minimum cost but maximum output utilising a setting based Common Risk Factor Approach (CRFA) for health promotion.

Aim and Objectives: To determine the reasons/factors forgetting orthodontic treatment done and the expectations of the rural Maharashtrian population who are undergoing orthodontic treatment. Materials and Method: A structured questionnaire was used for this study.90 randomly selected patients were recruited. The questionnaire comprised of 10questions related to reasons and awareness for seeking orthodontic treatment and the patients’ expectations. The data was collected on an excel sheet and presented in graphical form.

Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and obesity is becoming a health problem in many developed and developing countries. Obesity is a global epidemic and is on the rise. This study was carried out “to assess and correlate the blood pressure and anthropometric parameters among the healthy adults. Total subjects were 100, in which 50 males and 50 females were taken. The descriptive research design and purposive sampling technique was used. Self structured tool was formulated by extensive review of literature and validation of experts.

Introduction: “The kidneys perform a critical regulatory function within the cardiovascular system.” Burn injury of the skin increase local vascular permeability and and exudates rich in protein and salt leaks from the plasma to produce burn oedema. Prevention, identification and treatment of actual renal failure that occurs when the insult exceeds the capacity of normal protective renal homeostatic response to shock, have to be considered on this background.

Objectives: To study and to compare the postoperative manifestations (pain, swelling and trismus) using two different techniques after 3rd molar surgery. Material and methods: Thirty healthy patients were subjected to surgical extraction of bilateral semi-impacted lower third molars, located in a similar clinical and radiographic position. In all cases, on one side, the flap will be repositioned to allow healing by first intention and on other side, incision margin will be just approximated, without closing the wound, seeking healing by secondary intention.

An ethno botanical study was carried out to collect evidence on the use of medicinal plants by the people who live in Topslip and Ooty Taluk of Coimbatore and Ooty district, Tamil Nadu. This study designed to identify plants collected for medicinal purposes by the local people and tribals of Topslip and Ooty, located in the Coimbatore and Ooty district of Tamil Nadu and to document the traditional names, preparation and uses of these plants. This is the first ethnobotanical study in which statistical calculations about plants are done by ICF (Informant Consensus Factor) method.

This research presents the results obtained with students from BIOTERRA University in Bucharest and with pupils from “Ion Luca Caragiale” National College in Bucharest, with whom the university is in partnership, by applying of Electronic-learning (E-learning) and of Virtual Reality (VR) with aid of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Biology.

This research on sustainable ecological and environmental education has been realized with students from BIOTERRA University of Bucharest and with high school students from Ion Luca Caragiale (ILC) National Collegium from Bucharest, being used qualitative and quantitative research methods. The research on ecological education and environmental education shows the correlation between them, and for sustainable them are very necessary to develop and complementarity of the three types of education-formal, non-formal and informal.

Isolation of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from poultry suburbs farms of Adiopodoumé-Abidjan (Ivory Coast) was carried out. LAB were cultivated on lactic acid medium (MRS) and were characterized based on colonies morphology, cells morphology and biochemical tests. Lactic acid bacterial strains were isolated from soils, chicken faeces and feathers.Out of fifteen samples analysed, thirteen (86.6%) harboured LAB.

Helicobacter pylori, a gastric pathogen that colonizes approximately 50% of the world’s population. Infection with H.pylori is the strongest known risk factor for some GI disorders including gastric cancer. Probiotics have considerable potential for preventive or therapeutic applications in various gastrointestinal disorders. So, the aim of this study was in vitro study of the potential inhibitory effect of Lactobacillus strains on H.pylori Growth.

Background and Aim: Elderly people are susceptible to cognitive impairment making them a particularly vulnerable group. The number of older people had cognitive impairment and dementia is increasing worldwide. Salvia officinalis (Sage) is a plant in the family of Labiatae. It contains a large array of active compounds that may enhance cognitive activity and protect against neurodegenerative diseases. This study aimed to assess the effect of the orally received sage tea extract for 4 weeks on improving the cognitive performance in elderly people.

Natural products have been a major source of new drugs. Plants are used medicinally in different countries and are a source of many potent and powerful drugs. Medicinal plants are used by 80% of world population as the only available medicines especially in developing countries. Over the past twenty five years, interest in medicinal plants has grown enormously from the use of herbal products as nature cosmetics and for self-medication by the general public for their biological effects.

The side-effect of Azadirachta indica (A. Juss) on certain enzyme activities of a freshwater catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis was studied for a period of 24,48,72,and 96 hr, at sub lethal concentration. During the exposure period the alkaline phosphates and acid phosphates content in the liver, muscle and intestine of treated fish showed decreasing trend. The alterations of these biochemical parameters can be effectively used as nonspecific biomarkers against plant extract toxicity stress and also help safer usage of plant extracts in aquaculturefarms.

Genetic relationships between five genotypes (Abrus Precatorius. L) with different seed coatcolours (Red with black eyespot, black, white brown and maroon) were collected from different places of Andhra Pradesh were analyzed using RAPD and ISSR markers. Ten RAPD (decamers) and five (ISSR) primers were prescreened for their amplication potential. Of which 3 RAPD and 3 ISSR primers produced clear and reproducible amplified products.

Jute is known as the Golden fiber of Bangladesh. Pathogen poses a great problem to the cultivation of jute by inflicting severe yield losses. To control this pathogen, the antifungal effect of plant extracts of three plants species were determined by in vitro study using cold water, hot water, cow urine and ethanol. All concentrations of ethanol extract of Azadirachta indica showed 100% growth inhibition against M. phaseolina. The ethanol and cow urine extract of T. patula at 15, 20 and 25% concentrations showed 100% inhibition. T. patula extract showed most effectiveness than A.

Skin which is a collection of layers serves as barrier against external and internal stimuli. In case of any fluctuation, its normal functioning suffers and causes resistance in its regulating and protective role. In current review, skin wounds, their healing and after wards dermal regeneration process was focused. To speed up the process of wound healing them edicinal flora of Pakistan contributes a lot and assists as healing boosters along with recovery of other diverse skin ailments.

WASH in the urban areas Multiple sclerosis is an unpredictable potentially disabling disease that causes disruption of the myelin that insulates and protects nerve cells of spinal cord and brain and permits electrical impulses to be conducted along the nerve fiber with speed and accuracy. So this disease disrupts central nervous system by damaging or demyelinating the insulated covers of nerve cells.

Green synthesis is an effective concept towards ecofriendly synthesis, as chemical synthesis is toxic and harmful. The work focuses on the green synthesis of magnesium oxide nanoparticles from red spinach and Aloe vera with magnesium nitrate as precursor of magnesium. The UV-Visible Spectroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were performed for characterization of nanoparticles. The synthesized magnesium oxide nanoparticles are implemented in the treatment of polluted water.

Introduction: Parkinson’s Disease is an age related extra pyramidal neurological manifestation resulting in motor impairment. The scope of non motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease has been explored in depth in recent times. Several symptoms including sleep disorders, anxiety, olfactory dysfunction, visual impairment etc are often ignored. This study aims to evaluate the magnitude of non motor symptoms among the patients with Parkinson’s disease. Methodology: This hospital based study was carried out among 150 patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease visiting the tertiary care center.

Aim: A survey was conducted to develop measures in expansion of dental facilities to rural population. Materials and Method: A questionnaire based study was conducted among the dentists practicing in Karadtaluka and Karad rural area to explore the need and difficulties for extending the dental facilities to the rural area. The survey was conducted on 70 dentists practicing in Karadtaluka in Maharashtra. Results: Out of the total participants, around 41.4% dentists were willing to extend their dental services in rural areas of Karad.

Background and objective: Selfie is the most trendy mode of technology which is being used now a days by all the individuals for various uses. It is used to express themselves, to build their self-image, to enhance their confidence or sometime to avoid the boring situation. In building self-esteem, individual experience play an major role. It allows people to face the life situation with more confidence, optimism and this is an easy step to reach their goals and self-actualize about themselves.

Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common type of oral cancer that affects the head and neck region with highest mortality rate among all malignancies and it is the sixth common malignancy reported worldwide. Aims: To evaluate the level of cervical lymph node metastasis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: This prospective study was done in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during the period of July 2015 to June 2017.

Medical education that too in the subject of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology is very important as far general medical practice is concerned. A Doctor has to be trained to meet demands of the State and Central government rules regulations and Legal obligations of Doctor. Once upon in recent past there was hue and cry as to reducing teaching of this subject to choice of the undergraduate or not necessary at all. Hence there is need to establish how important is teaching of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology to all the undergraduates across the country.

Phenological behaviour of five dominant tree species has been studied in a mixed dry deciduous forest of Orchha, Tikamgarh (M.P.). All five tree species bear new foliage in dry months from March to June. The leaf fall was seasonal and various studied tree species shed their leaves at different intervals during study period. The leaf fall period covered the month from last week of September to end of March. The leaf retention period, in present study, exhibited that A. pendula, C. fistula and T. grandis retained fully mature green leaf for three months and three weeks and B.

Background: Daily dietary intake of zinc that absorbed by the nursing mother is always associated with good lactation and with the quantity and quality of the milk produced. Objective: The purpose of this study is to estimate the effect of dietary zinc intake on zinc content of breast milk and determine the association between maternal dietary zinc intake of zinc and content of zinc in breast milk.

Background and objective: Planting method plays an important role in the placement of seed at proper depth and distance thereby affecting the germination and plant population dynamics. As a result, it ultimately affects crop growth and yield performance through the influence it has on the competition among plants for limited amount of nutrients in the soil with resources. A study was conducted in 2016 cropping season at experimental site of College of Agriculture, Hawassa University to investigate the effect of planting method on growth performance and grain yield of wheat.

Male circumcision has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of HIV infection through heterosexual intercourse by as much as 60% and medical male circumcision strategy was adopted as an additional prevention intervention in Namibia since 2009. Fournier’s gangrene defined as a polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, perianal or genital areas, is rare but life-threatening disease.

High-temperature cooked meat contains NOCs, heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In rodents, a high intake of such compounds induces prostate tumours. In this article the association between heterocyclic amines, a common meat mutagen and prostate cancer is studied. The normal cells from the prostate gland are extracted and are treated with the above mentioned mutagens to study the cell viability, proliferation and the effects of the mutagens on the chromosomes.

Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder- Margaret Hungerford. A smile has been said to be one of the most important interactive communication skill of person. The ultimate objective of aesthetics in dentistry is to create a beautiful smile, with teeth of pleasing inherent proportion to one another and a pleasing tooth arrangement in harmony with the gingiva, lips and face of the patient. Patients now demand not only a healthy mouth but also a perfect smile.

The study was carried out in Masasi and Nachingwea districts to provide empirical evidence of how local communities access indigenous knowledge (IK) on management of agro-biodiversity surrounding them. The paper specifically sought to determine how local community’s access and share indigenous knowledge related to agro-biodiversity at local levels. The study employed a mixed method approach (case study and cross sectional survey).

The increasing costs of inorganic fertilizers and their effect on the environment have resulted in an ever increasing interest in the role of biological fertilizers as a source of plant nutrients and soil fertility restoration. In this regard, identifying varieties which adapt to growing areas and agronomic inputs such as bio-fertilizer and optimum phosphorus rates could potentially improve soil fertility and productivity of legumes including soybean.

Background: The most common and difficult aspect of general practice is the diagnosis and treatment planning. One of the commonest complaints presented to the practitioner is pain. This article attempts to account for cases with wrongly diagnosed dental pain as trigeminal neuralgia. Methods: Cases from the nearby Government Hospital, Garhwa under treatment for trigeminal neuralgia in the last 6 months were studied reviewed and followed after dental intervention using radiographs and tests to diagnose as pain from odontogenic origin.

The paper investigates Nutritional status of Nomadic Tribal women residing in North Karnataka. 30 nomadic adult women aged 19 to 45years from 6 districts of North Karnataka were selected. Nutritional status in terms of Anthropometry was assessed. Results revealed that 40% of the women belong to underweight category of BMI. Poor nutritional status of women makes her more susceptible to infectious diseases. Ultimately it affects the productivity of women and in turn development of the community and the Nation.

Background: The disease Tuberculosis tends to concentrate among the poorest, the marginalized and the most vulnerable populations such as those residing in the slums, migrant labour class, and industrial workers. Being one of the top ten causes of deaths worldwide, Tuberculosis is the biggest public health challenge of the present times. Continuous disease surveillance and monitoring comprehensively help in the approach for Tuberculosis management.

Background: Prophylactic blood component therapy, “A saviour for obstetric patients with non overt DIC”. {Dr Neena Gupta, Dr Shaily Agarwal, Dr Apurva Agarwal, Uruj jahan,Fatima Usmani, Poonam) Aims: To evaluate the role of prophylactic blood component therapy in nonovert DIC patients to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. Methodology: This study was conducted on total 274indoor obstetric patients in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology of UISEMH Kanpur from January 2016 to August 2017.

The purpose of the project is to minimize existing long delivery time of shoe Venice model by integration of 7QC tools and Quality control story formula. At this time most of Ethiopian manufacturing industries are facing big challenges to exceed their customers’ expectations. For the reason that these industries could not achieve the delivery time that fixed by the customer. Sheba leather Industry PLC is one of Ethiopian leather and shoe manufacturing industry facing this problem. As well, generating skilled manpower capable of continuously solve problems analytically.

Background: The hygiene level of the premise reflect the safety and quality of the food served in the food services kitchen and the poor sanitary condition can contribute to food poisoning outbreaks. Recently, many food poisoning cases reported from food services sector and most of the cases are from institutional food services. These premises sometimes are graded as clean or very clean which can be questioned, mostly at institutions such as schools.

Today, the increase in population and in the number of vehicles in the cities has increased the air pollution to such an extent that it has become one of the most important problems of the modern age. Many pollutants emerge from city roads due to exhaust gases, car wheels and vehicle wear, and these pollution sources adversely affect the development and health of living beings inhabiting the surrounding areas. The heavy metals tend to bioaccumulate and some of them have toxic effects even at very low concentrations.

Many plant essential oils show a broad spectrum of activity against pests or insects. These oils have a long tradition of use in the production of stored products against pests or insects. Recent investigation indicates that some chemical constituents of these oils interfere with the octopaminergic nervous system in insects. Pure essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Mentha piperita have been investigated for their efficacy levels against mosquitoes (Anopheles).

Phase angle controlled converter using back to back Thyristors or Triacs are being widely adopted to control the speed of voltage controlled single phase Induction Motor used for domestic Fan / Blower loads. This method suffers from the disadvantages of low input power factor at lower speeds due to low power factor. The fan draws more current than the required one. This leads to higher I²R Cu losses occurring in the stator of the single phase motor. The proposed techniques of High Frequency PWM Controlled are proposed.

Introduction & Objective: Cephalometric analysis generates 2D images results which are sufficiently reliable & may be an alternative to 3D imaging in the evaluation of soft tissue and upper airway morphology. In recent years new interrelations between respiratory function and malocclusion have developed. The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation between hard and soft tissues and upper airway morphology in patients with Angle’s Class I, II,and III malocclusion. Material & Methods: 50 Pre-treatment radiographs were taken.

A dynamic relation exists between sugars and oral health. The resultant action of consumed sugars is the beginning of tooth deminalisation. Many factors in addition to sugars affect the caries process, including the form of food or fluid, the duration of exposure, nutrient composition, sequence of eating, salivary flow and oral hygiene. Many modifying factors such as fluoride and dental hygiene came up to reduce the risk of dental caries, but these would not be needed if we tackle the single cause- sugars.

Pumpkin is one of the most economically, nutritionally and medicinally important vegetable crops world wide and grown in temperate and tropical region. The purpose of this study was to determine minerals in its leaf and fruit parts. Samples were collected, grineded and dried at 105 0C. Instruments (AOAC official methode: 923.03-Air–Acetylene FAAS, 923.03-Flame Photometer, ESISO 1871:2013) Agilent technology were used to detect the minerals in the samples. Microwave digestion was used by taking1g sample, 6 mL 70 % HNO3, 1 mL 30 % H2O2 to 60 mL vessels.

Parasitic infestations are the most common causes of diseases that affect humans, especially children, because at this stage of life the immune system is still developing and is not competent to prevent infection. The clinical manifestations generated by enteral parasitosis vary from simple to severe signs and symptoms and may even lead to death of the host. The objective of this study was to identify the main parasites affecting children and adolescents of school age and design intervention measures to avoid new parasitic infestations.

To detect and count people, carries on to be a troublesome exercise, this difficulty has been promptly manifested by nearly all the analyses over and done with in the extensiveness of counting a large number of people. Presently very much popular is the monitoring of passages or premises, by the use of traditional systems, putting into service video footage capture. This article demonstrates a solution wherein getting a headcount of crowd will no longer need people to strain their vision; requires two steps: Face Detection and Face Tracking.

A 5-year-old Khillar bullock that accidentally fallen in a 4 feet deep pit that resulted in to lower lip avulsion. Clinical examination revealed lower lip separation from the mandible, swollen mandibular area. The bullock was dehydrated, profusely salivating and unable to eat or drink. The animal was subjected to surgical operation and postoperatively treated with fluids, antibiotics and NSAIDs. The animal completely recovered after 12 days post-operative.

The existing theory about the concept of gravity in outer space is that of MICROGRAVITY. This theory is supported by NASA and has been accepted worldwide. Most of the concepts in science are based on hypothesis and assumptions and sometimes it’s not possible to prove the concept. This hypothesis is based on the assumption that the gravity in outer space is not micro but MACROGRAVITY. This large gravitational force is keeping all the elements including big stars and planets in equilibrium. But, their effect on small objects is negligible causing a feeling of weightlessness.

Tannery effluents such as chrome and dye liquor are mostly responsible for water pollution. At present, there is growing interest in using low cost, commercially available adsorbent for the adsorption of contaminants. Activated cow bone adsorbent was prepared and characterized by infra-red (IR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Different parameters of chrome and dye liquor such as BOD, COD, TDS, TSS and electrical conductivity were measured before and after adsorption with activated cow bone charcoal.

The author describes the problems that the patient has to face and compare them to experiences of vulnerability which can be particularly intense and lead to a serious coercion of the resumption of living, far beyond and reasonable limitation imposed by objective conditions. Depression is also biggest untreated risk factor in heart disease after heart attack.The depressive elaboration of the situation after the heart attack can enable the individual to reorganize his\her investments starting from the upset caused by the eruption of death anguish.

Some recent studies suggested that resilience could put an end to sustainability. Sometimes resilience is considered as one of the indicators of sustainability. However, the correlation between these two is complicated and this vagueness may weaken both concepts. The objective of this study is to clarify the correspondence of sustainability and resilience by doing a comparative analysis, in order to demonstrate the importance of considering both concepts simultaneously.

Background: India faces the biggest newborn health challenge of any country in the world as one fourth of global neonatal deaths occur in India. The common cause of neonatal mortality in India are asphyxia, prematurity and low birth weight, infections like pneumonia and gastroenteritis and a variety of surgical problems. It has been observed that improved level of newborn care can bring down the mortality rates.

Human activities such as industrial production, mining, agriculture and transportation, release high amounts of heavy metals into surface and ground water, soils and ultimately to the biosphere. In the present study the levels of some selected heavy metals (Mn, Zn, Cr, Ni, Cu, Cd and Pb) in soil and irrigation water sampled from selected Woredas of Gurage Zone (i.e.Meskan, Mareko, Sodo, Muhir and Cheha Woredas), Southern Region, Ethiopia were analyzed. 1 kg from every sample was air-dried, mechanically ground using a stainless steel roller and sieved to obtain 2 mm fraction.

Posterior fossa head injury is relatively less common and accounts for less than 3% of total head injuries. Among traumatic posterior fossa head injuries Extra Dural Hematoma is the most common, accounting for 10% of all Extra Dural Hematomas followed by sub dural haemorrhages (1% of head injuries) and sub-arachnoid haemorrhage with cerebellar contusion. In the days before the advent of CT scan, Posterior Fossa head injuries often escaped diagnosis in alive patients. It was very difficult to diagnose based on clinical examination alone.

Sugarcane is a cash crop in India and salinity affects its productivity and crop growth. Identification of molecular markers linked to salinity tolerance traits has provided plant breeders a new tool for selecting cultivars with improved salt-tolerance and hence, molecular characterization of eighteen sugarcane genotypes of salinity tolerant and susceptible was carried out using thirty combinations of 5 TRAP markers related salinity tolerant ESTs and 3 arbitrary primer combinations.

Background: Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive oxygen species and a biological system's ability to readily detoxify the reactive intermediates or to repair the resulting damage. Normal pregnancy is associated with high metabolic demand and elevated requirement for tissue oxygen. There is increased production of reactive oxygen species and increased oxidative stress. Plasma Ascorbate, Erythrocyte Plasma Membrane Redox System and Ascorbate Free Radical Reductase System are some of the antioxidants.

Objectives: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the incidence of dentinal defects caused by different nickel titanium rotary systems like ProTaper, WaveOne and OneShape files. Methodology: In this study, 150 extracted human mandibular second premolar teeth were selected and decoronated using diamond disk with water cooling, leaving roots approximately 16 mm from apex. Teeth which showed cracks were excluded. Root canal was prepared with K files, ProTaper files, Wave One files and One Shape files. The root canals which not prepared at all were taken as Control group.

Background: Different patterns of childhood neglect and abuse are related with the level of seriousness of mental issue in adulthood. An investigation of this nature is essential to understand developmental trajectory of neglect and abuse and to base any intervention plan for affected individuals and to build up a risk alleviating techniques as primary prevention. Aim: To examine relationship of Childhood Neglect and Abuse with Emotion Regulation and Emotional Recognition in adolescents.

Background: According to Bichat, there are three modes of death, depending upon whether death begins in one or the other of the three systems (circulatory), (respiratory) or (nervous system) irrespective of what the remote cause of death may be. These modes are: (1) Syncope (2) Asphyxia (3) Coma Case Report: Putrefied remains and partially skeletonized body of a male came to the Department of Forensic Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi in March 2018 for the purpose of identification and to determine the cause of death.

The keratinized oral gingival epithelium provides effective protection against both mechanical trauma and bacterial invasion. The horny cell layer acts like a film of plastic wrap, allowing the body to retain moisture and protecting it from invasion by foreign substances and comprises various substances such as keratins, produced by the epidermal keratinocytes and lipids. The epidermal keratinocytes divide in the basal layer, produce keratins and differentiate, and migrate to the upper layers as they mature by a process called keratinization.

Objective: Objective of present study is to explore preconception care prospective in women living in Hail, Saudi Arabia. Methods and materials: It is a cross sectional study including 415 reproductive aged participants who were planning to conceive or not using any contraception. Women interviewed and responses collected from October 2017 to March2018. Results: Women of 30-45 years of age years showed maximum contribution (356). 63% of the responders were well educated from college level onwards.

Endocarditis in heart transplanted: While heart transplant recipients are immunosuppressed, the development of endocarditis is a relatively rare event compared to other infections. Infective endocarditis (IE): In patients without Transplantation is a rare and serious complication with high morbidity and mortality. More than 15 percent of patients with chronic kidney disease who receive central venous access catheters have complications such as infection, arterial puncture, thrombosis and pneumothorax (McGee and Gould, 2013).

Endocarditis in heart transplanted: While heart transplant recipients are immunosuppressed, the development of endocarditis is a relatively rare event compared to other infections. Infective endocarditis (IE): In patients without Transplantation is a rare and serious complication with high morbidity and mortality. More than 15 percent of patients with chronic kidney disease who receive central venous access catheters have complications such as infection, arterial puncture, thrombosis and pneumothorax (McGee and Gould, 2013).

The cardiomyopathy is often observed after intense stressful events such as a major surgical procedure. In a recent study, demographic and clinical course data in patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy were compared between the United States and Japan. Few Japanese patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy had a history of overt coronary disease (CAD) and family history of early-onset CAD (Kazuo Komamura et al., 2014).

Pyogenic granuloma is one of the inflammatory hyperplasia of the oral mucosa. The term is a misnomer as it is not related to any infection, does not contain pus and is not a true granuloma and in reality it occur in response to various stimuli such as chronic low grade trauma, physical trauma and hormonal factors. Clinically these lesions usually present as single nodule or sessile papule with smooth or lobulated surface and may be seen in any size from a few millimeters to several centimeters.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide. With a rising rate, it is a prominent source of mortality. Patients with advanced fibrosis, predominantly cirrhosis and hepatitis B and C infections are predisposed to developing HCC. Genes of Synovial sarcoma X chromosome (SSX) are one of cancer testis associated genes; which are a subgroup of tumor antigens with a restricted expression in testis and malignancies. Limited studies were done about SSX genes expression in Egyptian HCC patients.

Bilateral symmetry is a most manifest morphological characteristic of the human body and especially that of the head. Due to large biological variations, either inherent in the developmental process or caused by environmental disturbances, such symmetry is rarely encountered. A number of causal factors have been highlighted in the development of facial asymmetries.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess examiner or observer reliability and to correlate the diagnostic accuracy of proximal caries detection by digital bitewing and panoramic radiographic images. Methods: In this study, digital bitewing and panoramic radiographs of 168 subjects were used. The radiographs were evaluated for the depth of proximal caries by two examiners. Diagnostic accuracy of two modalities was analyzed by means of percentage agreement and discrepancy index. Examiners reliability was assessed using Kappa statistics and Chi Square test.

Adolescents are involved in more violent types of crime than ever before. The world of fantasy has always attracted kids and children. The thrill of playing videogames gives an adrenaline rush and that is completely incomparable. To some extent, it may serve the purpose of entertainment to kids and may keep them busy. But let us not forget the adage, “excess of anything is bad”. In some cases, it may be worse. The level of violence in video games has been increased a lot these days, and effects more on those who play a lot.

Introduction: Resistance to broad-spectrum antimicrobials is a well recognized problem among Enterobacteriaceae. Carbapenems have served as an important antimicrobial class for the treatment of these organisms. The emergence and dissem¬ination of carbapenem resistant enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in recent times represents a serious threat to public health.

Dietary choice remains the basis for maintaining a healthy lifestyle and well-being, The South Indian traditional foods are based on Siddha system of medicine, which in natural way aims in achieving physical and mental wellness. The systematic consumption of traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Due to industrialization and market economics; food in traditional food systems derived from local, natural environments is declining in use.

The root canal treatment of a mandibular molar with aberrant canal configuration can be diagnostically and technically challenging (1). Normally the permanent mandibular first molar has two roots, mesial and distal. However it may sometimes have an additional root located lingually (the radix entomolaris) or buccally (the radix paramolaris).This case report discusses endodontic treatment of a mandibular first molar with a Radix Entomolaris (RE), which poses an endodontic dilemma for the clinician with respect to diagnosis and subsequent treatment.

The aim of a dental restorative material is to simulate the biological, functional and esthetic properties of healthy tooth structure. Silver amalgam which has a long record of clinical success is gradually phasing out because of its disadvantages including its metallic grey colour, lack of adhesion and mainly the controversial debate on its safety.

Background: Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) have been applied in the treatment of many diseases including injured articular cartilage. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used to treat everything from plantar fasciitis to rotator cuff repair. But its effects differ, depending on the musculoskeletal structure and the composition of the PRP itself. The objective of this research was to compare the efficacy of single intra-articular injections of Preconditioned BMSCs with PRP and BMSCs without PRP in the treatment of surgically induced articular cartilage defect in animal model.

The nasal cavity is covered by a thin mucosa which is well vascularised. This facilitate to quick transfer of drug molecules across the single epithelial cell layer directly to systemic blood circulation without first-pass hepatic and intestinal metabolism. In this way the effect of a smaller drug molecule can be achieved in five minutes. The nasal administration therefore can be used a better route than oral drug administration. The present study is all about the compilation of existing knowledge about nasal anatomy and mecahahis routnism of absorption through nasal rout nase.

Boxing is one of the most severe branches of contact sports. For this reason, boxing athletes have a very high injury rate. Epidemiologically, they may sustain permanent injuries in their sports lives. In our study, we aimed to find out the anatomical characteristics of amateur boxing athletes, their hand paw muscle strengths, the region and frequency of injuries they encountered during their sports lives. We investigated whether there is a relationship between anatomical region, anthropometric features and muscle strength.

This reflection is part of the context of the analysis of phenomena related to vulnerable people, particulary the social exclusion of children with intellectual disabilities. It aims to analyze the determinants of this phenomenon. From a theoretical point of view, the study is based on Erving Goffman’s stigma theory. Methodologically, it is based on a field survey consisting of semi-structured interviews with 140 people, before proceeding to their analysis. The tested sample was constructed using the nonprobability method and by reasoned choice.

Diabetes is very common disease in Pakistan and abnormalities in lipid profile is one of the most common problems. Many oral hypoglycemic are available for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. This study is conducted on drug which is used for the management of diabetes that is Dipeptidylpeptidase-4 inhibitor, Sitagliptin. In this study hypolipidemic effect of combination of sitagliptin and Szygium cumini seed is compared with sitagliptin alone administration. The effect of drugs was observed on diabetic rabbit models. In animal models diabetes was induced by induction of alloxan.

Background: Cervical cancer is the commonest cancer that causes death among women in developing countries. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is responsible for more than 90% of the cases of invasive cervical cancer worldwide. The incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer have a significant drop by roughly 70-80% in developed countries as a result of intensive cervical screening programs. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude to cervical cancer screens (Pap smear) andHuman papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among women living in Hail City-Saudi Arabia.

Background: Physiotherapy is also known as rehabilitation science, which helps to improve an individual’s ability to lead an active and a healthy lifestyle. Physiotherapists especially in india, are relying on the physicians as their primary source of reference. A physician can help the patients by timely referring them to a physiotherapist, which can help in proper and effective rehabilitation of the patient. Therefore this study was conducted, in order to know how aware the physicians are in terms of need of physiotherapy for their patients.

Objective: To study the cytomorphological features of acute leukemia patients and relating them to their immunophenotypic features. Results: Out of 50 cases of acute leukemia, 32(64%) cases were diagnosed as AML, 18 (36%) cases as ALL. Clinical features like fever, generalised weakness, bleeding tendencies, pain abdomen and loss of appetite were observed. On clinical examination pallor, bony tenderness, organomegaly and lymphadenopathy were seen. In peripheral blood examination: anemia, leucocytosis, and thrombocytopenia were observed.

Sugarcane i Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) represents an alternative method to optimize conditions for wound healing. Delayed wound closure is a significant health problem, which is directly associated with pain and suffering from patient's aspect, as well with social and financial burden. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is used to promote wound healing in a wide range of difficult to manage acute and chronic wounds. This data review reports the results of 10 patients who were treated with Vacuum-Assisted Closure Ò (VAC) negative pressure therapy system.

Background: This study was taken up to compare the hearing threshold in developmentally retarded children with severe hearing loss using conventional audiometry and brain stem evoked response audiometry. Method: It was a Cross sectional, comparative study involving 20 developmentally retarded children in the age group of 6-12 yrs of age. Sample size was 20. Using BERA the hearing threshold in decibles (dB) of each ear was found seperately (Based on appearance of wave V at minimum stimulus intensity).

By our suggestion the membrane redoxy potential three state dependent 9 stepped full cycle of proton conductance have been divided in two parts as A part and B part.

Blastocystis is a protozoan parasite that inhabits the human intestinal tract. Various epidemiological surveys have recorded 50-60% prevalence in developing countries. Nitazoxanide is a commonly used drug in treatment of Blastocystis infection especially in metronidazole treatment failure. However, undesirable side effects and treatment failures were reported.

Introduction: This study is aimed at finding the incidence of IGBC in RIMS, Ranchi. This will help us to lay down guidelines for histological examination of gallbladder specimen after cholecystectomy. Material and methods: 120 Gall-bladders obtained after cholecystectomy in study population was sent for histopathological examination. HPE reports were analyzed and documented. Result and conclusion: In our study 2.5% cases of cholecystectomy were diagnosed as incidental carcinoma of gallbladder.

Introduction: Cutaneous Warts are viral infection caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). In multiple warts or recalcitrant warts most of the destructive methods are painful therefore it is inappropriate. Materials and Methods: All patients clinically diagnosed as having multiple or recalcitrant warts were included in the study. Digital photographs were taken and all data recorded in the predesigned proforma. Results: There were total of 50 patients. Commonest age group of presentation was seen between 15 and 25years (should be deleted).

Granulosa cell tumors (GCT) are rare tumors of the ovary, arising from sex cord stromal cells and account for 3-5% of all ovarian tumors. These tumors were first described by Rokitansky. There are 2 types- adult variety and juvenile variety. Adult GCTs are 95% of total GCTs and are most commonly found in age group of 50-55 years. Juvenile GCTs are rare tumors occurring in young girls usually before menarche and account for 5% of all GCTs.

Introduction: Cutaneous Warts are viral infection caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). In multiple warts or recalcitrant warts most of the destructive methods are painful therefore it is inappropriate. Materials and Methods: All patients clinically diagnosed as having multiple or recalcitrant warts were included in the study. Digital photographs were taken and all data recorded in the predesigned proforma. Results: There were total of 50 patients. Commonest age group of presentation was seen between 15 and 25years (should be deleted).

Introduction: Family caregivers of cancer patients provide extraordinary uncompensated care that is physically, emotionally, socially, and financially demanding and results in the neglect of their own needs. Satisfaction of caregiving need of family caregiver is important for quality care the patient. In this direction present study was aimed at identifying the level of satisfaction with perceived need-fulfillment related to cancer caregiving among family caregivers of cancer patients.

The aim of this study was to assess the patient’s attitude and follow the progress of patient’s adaptation to discomfort with the use of fixed twin block. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 patients undergoing treatment with fixed twin block rated their experiences after 7 days, 14 days and 30 days of appliance insertion. Results: The majority of respondents reported being affected by (in descending order) sore teeth, pain in the jaw, headache, muscle pain and sleep discomfort. These negative effects generally decreased over time.

The delivery and consumption patterns of healthcare services have undergone a sea change over the past decade. One major change is movement of people across national borders in pursuit of medical treatment and good health. Developing nations including India are moving to the forefront of world health tourism sector. This paper highlights the Indian scenario, advantages and government initiatives regarding the health tourism sector. The work is based on review of literature from various secondary sources.

Investors rely on the price reflected on the stock prices but it should be backed a thorough analysis of the efficiency of the stock market. Researchers have been attempting to establish the efficiency of the stock market in different countries. In India also huge work has been done in this respect. In this paper attempt has been made to test the week form of market efficiency on the Indian stock market by taking data from the NSE and BSE. The period of study covers a period of ten years from 2007 to 2017.

Effective organizational communication plays a fundamental role for the attainment of organizational goals. This study determined the levels of organizational communication, work pattern and teaching efficiency among the JRMSU faculty, determined the significant relationship between the profile and the level of organization communication and determine the significant difference between the level of organizational communication, work pattern and teaching efficiency of college instructors.

This study focuses on formal regulatory institutions related to juvenile delinquency in the District of Abidjan. The purpose is to highlight the impact of dysfunctional formal regulatory institutions on the evolution of juvenile delinquency in this District. A survey based on semi-structured interviews with sixty-two (62) people, selected using the network sampling method, has allowed to collect and analyze data. In terms of results, it appears that more there are dysfunctions at the level of formal regulatory institutions, more juvenile delinquency increases and persists.

This paper is an attempt to explore the fictional forte of E.M. Forster who has skillfully picturized the relationship between reality and symbolic vision in his The Longest Journey and show how he talks about the comradeship and truth which is the main vision focused in the novel. It neatly focuses on the conflict between men and women as well as truth and falsehood. Bringing back home, all the elements focused in this novel visualize the reality of characters.

The Tertiary rocks of Changki Valley constitute a part of belt of Schuppen - a most prominent morphotectonic unit of Naga Hills stretching along the western margin of Nagaland State. The Barail Group (Tikak Parbat Formation), Changki Formation and Tipam Group (Tipam Sandstone Formation) have been studied for their petrographic features and tectonic provenance. Based on the study, it may be inferred that the Tertiary sediments under question are mostly lithic in nature and received their detritus from a recycled orogen , especially the collision orogen provenances.

Today’s finicky banking customers will settle for nothing less. The customer has come to realize somewhat belatedly that he is the king. The customer’s choice of one entity over another as his principal bank is determined by considerations of service quality rather than any other factor. He wants competitive loan rates but at the same time also wants his loan or credit card application processed in double quick time.

Graduate tracer studies constitute an important tool for educational planners, as they provide valuable information for evaluating results of the higher education and training institutions. The study aimed to determine courses in demand by industry and organizations. The researchers utilized a modified survey questionnaire developed by the Office of Department of Labor and Employment and some of the items were taken from related studies served as the data gathering instrument. There were 566 graduates from the different satellite campuses of JRMSU involved in the study.

This research seeks to explore environmental awareness and practices among University students. In order to carry out the objectives of the research, qualitative methodology was employed and primary data were collected through semi-structured questionnaires. The researcher tries to find the answers to the problem whether undergraduates are aware of environmental issues and following habitual practices towards environmental sustainability. The research concluded that the awareness level on the environment and environmental issues of participants were moderate.

The present study entitled “Growth performance and behaviour pattern of Sangamneri goat under different rearing systems” was undertaken. For this study, twenty one (21) adult female Sangamneri goats around two years of age with uniform body weight were under taken. These goats were randomly distributed into three groups of equal number (7 each).

The paper examined the training needs of rural women farmers on small ruminant production in Abia State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaire was distributed to one hundred and eighty small ruminant women farmers using multi-stage random sampling techniques. Data obtained were analysed using simple descriptive statistics (mean and percentage) and multiple linear regression analysis.

The theoretical and empirical macroeconomic literature has focused on three main questions about the relationship between export instability and economic growth for developed and developing countries. One of them implies that a higher degree of export instability negatively affects economic growth. Second one attracts attention if export instability is transmitted to the rest of economy, this would be reflected by a high degree of economic instability. According to the third one, export instability is detrimental per se to economic growth.

The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of using PowToon in classroom where students learn English as a foreign language (EFL). After the researchers noticed problems in comprehending new concepts due to poor language skills, PowToon seemed a great tool to both promote active reading and engagement and integrate project-based learning (PBL). The implementation of the study has showed positive effects on the learners’ level of engagement, comprehension and developing reading strategies.

The need and demand for good governance has increased with the rapid expansion of the economy and the growing awareness and assertion of rights by an increasingly educated population. Accountable, participatory and good governance is critical for ensuring social inclusion. The significant rise in expenditure on programmes for social inclusion in recent years needs to be matched with improved implementation for enhanced impact at the local level. The role of Panchayats, the constitutionally mandated local self-governments at the grassroots level, is critical in this context.

The origin of the idea of modern social care traces back to Western Europe, to the age of enlightenment and the concept of bio-power introduced by the French philosopher, Michel Foucault. I will track the development of social rights by trying to provide a meaningful insight into their history and conceptualization in Western Europe. This theoretical and historical introduction will be followed by an analysis of the general social conditions of the modern West. During this evaluation we will see the tendencies and typical social problems that the states in Europe have to cope with.

The effort of colleges and universities in ensuring the employability of graduates does not stop until graduates are employed. Employer’s feedback on the graduates’ performance is an indicator of the university’s mandate to develop students into professionals in their respective career fields. The study determined the Education graduates’ batch 2010 to 2014 based on quality, quantity, adaptability, cooperation, dependability, attendance, and punctuality.

The status of farming practices in five municipalities of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines is the point of interest on this study. It further identified the determinants that affect the farming preferences and their choices based on efficiency, cost efficiency, accessibility (personal or financial) and availability of raw materials and its substitutes. Through government interventions, problems were also solicited. A descriptive-purposive method was employed.

The Global growth continued to remain sluggish in every year. Weaken business environment near stagnation in growth dynamics. According to the latest IMF projections, the world economy is poised to grow at 3.2% in 2016 and pick up to 3.5% in 2017. There is growing evidence of concern by the SBI group on the declining profitability of the banking system due to unsecured loans and advances.

Pineapple is widely known by Indonesia people because the plants are widely grown in tropical climates Indonesia. Pineapple is often used as meat diggers because it contains a component of bromelin enzyme which has a sulfhidril (-SH) protease that can hydrolyze peptide bonds in proteins into bundles of amino acid compounds are simpler so that it can make meat softner and help the process of digestion.

University campuses are important urban spaces established in or around the city. Like other urban spaces, these spaces, which contain a large young population, affect the socio-cultural structure of the city and contribute to the formation of urban identity. Especially the universities with multiple campuses have adverse conditions in terms of the common use of resources as well as administrative difficulties. Spatial disarray drifts apart common spaces. Environmental design is needed to establish connection between spaces and to increase the availability of common areas for all users.

Government should be give special attention for healthcare sector. Admistriative of hospital should take step to improve the overall quality of service give to patientcare. On daily basis take feedback from patient. This study examines the stratifications level of patient from service quality they received from hospital. The main focus in this study satisfaction is measured in both government and private hospital. Therefore, 200 respondents were selected for this study.

Farmers in Kerala extensively used bio inoculants for the management of diseases and for promotion of growth in black pepper, vanilla, cardamom, betel vine, ginger, rice and vegetables. The study entitled “Constraints in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) production using microbial inoculants in Idukki district of Kerala” is worth due to the role of microbial inoculants in sustainable agriculture presumes special significance. The present study which is an attempt to understand the challenges of MI application in black pepper production in Idukki district.

Agriculture is becoming increasingly ‘feminised’ globally as men move out of the sector more quickly than women. The reasons for increasing female representation in agriculture vary from voluntary and involuntary withdrawal of men from farming, to growing wage opportunities for women in export-oriented non-traditional crops and activities. An attempt has been made in paper to discuss the condition of women working in agriculture sector in India with special reference to Haryana.

As of today climate change is one of the most important global environmental challenges of the present century. Water and food security indeed are key challenges under climate change as both are highly vulnerable to continuously changing climate patterns. As per the recent study it has been predicted that the average global temperature may increase by 1.4-5.8 degree Celsius and there would be also substantial reduction in agricultural yield and fresh water resources by the end of the 21st century.

Drosophila punjabiensis is as such common pest reported from India. Pesticides induce minor changes in the structure of reproductive organ of Drosophila, Here we examined the effect of Malathion and Chloropyrifos on Drosophila at 50% lethal concentration and control condition and influence results were obtained. Thus this study can be used for similar different common pests and induce effective pest management by using Drosophila as model organism.

Objective: To evaluate the influence of moral intelligence and self-efficacy on leadership skills among Saudi Middle Schools' Gifted Students. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among Saudi middle schools' gifted students in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The study explored the moral intelligence, self-efficacy and leadership skills of gifted students using validated and piloted self-administered questionnaires. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 122 out of 733 male gifted students in 89 schools. Data was analysed using SPSS.

Objective: To evaluate the influence of moral intelligence and self-efficacy on achievement motivation among Saudi Middle Schools' Gifted Students. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among Saudi middle schools' gifted students in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The study explored the moral intelligence, self-efficacy and achievement motivation of gifted students using validated and piloted self-administered questionnaires. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 122 out of 733 male gifted students in 89 schools in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Data was analysed using SPSS.

Objective: To evaluate the difference in moral intelligence dimensions, leadership skills, achievement motivation and self-efficacy among Saudi Middle Schools' Gifted Students. Methods: This study included Saudi middle schools' gifted students in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It assessed the difference in moral intelligence, leadership skills, achievement motivation and self-efficacy among the three levels of Saudi middle schools' gifted students. Validated and piloted self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of academic achievement on moral intelligence dimensions, leadership skills, achievement motivation and self-efficacy among Saudi Middle Schools' Gifted Students. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among Saudi middle schools' gifted students in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The study explored the moral intelligence, leadership skill achievement motivation and self-efficacy of gifted students using a validated and piloted self-administered questionnaire.

The main purpose of this research was to study Sidaamu-afoo interference in learning writing in English. To be specific, the study was intended to identify the aspects of the language interference and to describe the frequency of the interference of the aspects. It is a descriptive type of research. Three secondary schools found in Arbegona Woreda were purposively selected. From each of these schools, one section of grade nine was randomly selected to give a total of 176 study participants.

Growth of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) is fundamental to the Kenyan economy. These enterprises play a pivotal role in Kenya’s overall economic growth. In spite of the role that MSEs play, their growth is usually constrained by a host of factors. One avenue through which enterprises enhance their growth and survival is through technological innovation. In Kenya, the knowledge on how technological innovation can be harnessed to facilitate MSEs growth is nascent and inconclusive at best.

Employee engagement is a work place approach where the employees feel attached to their work, motivated to contribute to organizational success and try to give their best each and every day for the success of the company. The core purpose of this research is to define what employee engagement is and if it has any effects on job performance mediated by employee's satisfaction. And for that study to be delivered we have chosen 4 random banks in Beirut and gathered statistics through closed ended questionnaire.

Information Quality is the main factor in assessing the success of an information system. Poor information may lead companies to make wrong decisions while good information could help companies to assess the company's condition, understand what the company needs, help company to set appropriate target and help decision maker to make right decisions. This study aims to assess the quality of information from new accounting information system technology used by one of the 4 star hotel chain in Bali using AIMQ methodology.

Forests ecosystem is the baseline of any healthy terrestrial ecosystem on earth on which the survival of different species including human beings depend. Despite the fact that forests are critical for a healthy ecosystem, forests are being allowed to disappear from the surface of earth without appropriate concern and consideration. While the world lost 129 million hectares of forests between 1990 and 2015, the Indian state of Punjab lost 9 lakh trees between 2011 and 2017 on its 50362 sqKms of geographical area.

This study aims to identify the factors of resistance to change among drug dealers in Côte d'Ivoire. Becker's economic theory of crime (1968) and Cusson's theory of social control (1983) validated the results of this study. The survey sites are Abidjan, Grand Bassam and Abengourou. 189 people were interviewed on the basis of a network sample.

In this document, four samples of composite materials of cement - fiber of the ronier are manufactured to thicknesses of 10; 12; 15 and 20 cm. They are kept in the laboratory (LEMA) for two months. They are subsequently wrapped in glass wool, instrumented and exposed for five days to solar thermal stresses. Flow and temperature data are collected and processed. Curves of external and internal temperature variations as a function of time as well as those of variations in phase shift and damping as a function of the thicknesses are plotted.

This article considers the Coriolis acceleration’s impact on lateral corrosion which slightly affects this process. On the base of calculations digital value of river beds’ displacement is approximated in a definite time. The results of conducted work allow to come to practical conclusions on alluvial placers search.

Dtr. Historian assessed all the kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel as 'evil kings in the sight of the LORD', while giving the six kings of Judah in the southern kingdom a good assessment of their 'honesty in the eyes of the Lord'. This illustrates the religious judgment of Dtr. Historian on the north and south kingdoms. However, among the kings of the Southern kingdom, there are two kings who have received the highest praise for comparison with other kings. One of them is the thirteenth King Hezekiah(715-687 B.C.). The other one is Josiah. Josiah was judged by Dtr.

The PKCε activator 8-[2-(2-pentyl-cyclopropylmethyl)-cyclopropyl]-octanoic acid (DCP-LA) stimulates vesicular transport of α7 ACh receptor. The present study was conducted to explore the underlying mechanism using rat hippocampal slices. DCP-LA enhanced serine phosphorylation of the motor protein myosin Va, that moves on the actin filament towards the plus-end (the plasma membrane) and carries cargos, and the effect was abrogated by the PKC inhibitor GF109203X.

The study takes into account Hindu aeon; Indian epics; instances of god creation; astronomical dates; peculiar behavior and sculpt, besides circumstantial evidences of scientific nature as a medium of the litmus test to demystify religion. A radical rethink by holistic view provide a clearer picture of the truth by assaying religious dogmatism as the swag of unreality.

The assumption that sex buyers and sex workers are exclusively men and females respectively has for a long time informed societies, researchers and policy makers. As such, prostitution or sex work theories, research, policies, laws and interventions targeting the sex industry have exclusively focused on males as consumers of sexual services offered by females.

The implementation of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001:2008 on Quality Management Systems in education has become a debated issue on whether or not the certification is appropriate for the Education sector. Some scholars consider its adoption as a strategic decision by educational institutions to ensure delivery of quality service therein while others do not. Complaints by some academic staff in public universities in Kenya on the impact of ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management Systems casts doubt on their level of satisfaction with it based on non conformities.

Objective: Stress causes the disruption of the physical and mental well-being of people. Stress is triggered when an individual is expected to perform tasks beyond the prescribed levels of mental intake and physical execution. The circumstances, the causes and the perpetuators of stress are called stressors, that may drastically change a person’s attitude and behavior towards a specific task or objective. However, in certain circumstances, stressors also stand to motivate as they positively contribute towards the well-being of people (Darshani, 2014).

This study examined the association of ICT skills among college students. The sample was 888 college students selected from Chennai district, Tamil Nadu, India. Stratified random sampling method was adapted to select the sample for the present study. Scale for assessing ICT skills (SAIS) was constructed and validated by the investigator with Dr.P.C.Nagasubramani. Data collected were analyzed using t- exist between ICT skills and demographic variables such as gender, Residence, locality of home, subject group, type of family, internet users and nature of Institution.

Leukemia one of the malignancies starts in blood but extend to other body organs as blood is the major of body supply of oxygen and nutrients. Leukemia can be divided according to many considerations but the important on is the set of the disease to acute and chronic and then type of cell involved in its occurrence to myeloid and lymphoid type. This study concerned about acute leukemia in Khartoum state and the status of renal and liver function tests. The study involved 100 patients 42% females and 58% males.

The available 2-acylamino-3,3-dichloroacrylonitriles when treated by sodium hydrogen sulfide undergo cyclization into the 4 cyano-1,3-oxazole-5-thioles. These latter compounds were converted into the 2-aryl-4-cyano-1,3-oxazole-5-sulfonamides using a standard reaction sequence. Synthesized compounds were screened for anticancer activity against a panel of 60 cancer cell lines at the National Cancer Institute, USA.

The adoption of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001:2008 Quality Management Systems in education has become a debated issue on whether or not the certification is appropriate for the Education sector. Some scholars consider its adoption as a strategic decision by educational institutions to ensure delivery of quality service therein while others do not. Complaints by some academic staff in public universities in Kenya on the impact of ISO 9001:2008 quality management systems on teaching casts doubt on their level of satisfaction with it based on non conformities.

Aims and Objectives:-To study effects of conventional physical therapy versus proprioceptive exercises and conventional physical therapy in patients having knee osteoarthritis To Compare the effects of conventional physical therapy Verses proprioceptive exercises in knee osteoarthritis patients.

Collaboration between dietetics and dental professionals is necessary for oral health promotion and disease prevention and intervention.. Oral health and diet of a person have a synergistic bidirectional relationship. Oral infectious diseases, as well as acute, chronic, and terminal systemic diseases with oral manifestations, impact the functional ability to eat as well as diet and nutrition status. Likewise, nutrition and diet may affect the development and integrity of the oral cavity as well as the progression of oral diseases.

Background: Caring for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is challenging and affects family life. Aim: To explore the adaptive behaviors and beliefs of parents toward their child with autism. Material and Method: Parental Concerns Questionnaire (PCQ), a scale composed of 20 items relating to core and behavioral symptoms of autism were used. The answers were in the form of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Result: Findings revealed that parents who have a child with autism experienced multiple challenges in different aspects of care, impacting on parents’ stress and adaptation.

Objectives: The aim of the study is to assess diabetes disease management in AlMadinah's primary health care sector. Methods: A cross sectional study conducted at all primary health care centers in AlMadinah City from 2nd February until 27th February 2016. This study utilizes the chronic care model (CCM) framework to examine the extent to which diabetes healthcare services are implemented. Seventy-five physicians representing chronic care clinics participated in this study by responding the Assessment of Chronic Illness Care questionnaire.

WASH in the urban areas has been a recurring concern in the current Swacch Bharat Mission (SBM), the flagship program of Government of India regarding WASH issues being implemented under the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MODWS). The current study was done in 2017 with the objective of a situational analysis and study of WASH in the slum areas of Lucknow. The study areas constituted of urban slums of Lucknow. The study was supported by Ankur Yuva Chetna Shivir (AYCS), a NGO working on WASH issues with slum areas of Lucknow. The current study is a qualitative study.

Objective: The aim of this study was to calculate the incidence of pulmonary hypertension and its age distribution in isolated atrial septal defect (ASD) patients in our population. Methods: A total of 124 ASD (secundum type) patients were included in the study. The diagnosis was made with echocardiography. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure was obtained by Doppler echocardiography. Mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) was estimated with the relation of MPAP to PASP as (mPAP = 0.61×PASP + 2 mm Hg).

The Universe is all about space, time and their contents like planets, stars, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy. While the actual size of the entire Universe is still unknown, it is only possible to measure the observable universe. The physical Universe is defined as all of space- time. The contents contains various types of energy, such as electromagnetic radiation and matter, and so planets, moons, stars, galaxies, and the contents of intergalactic space.

Anaemia is a potential hazardous hematological disorder that may occur in pregnancy. It is important risk factor for uteroplacental insufficiency and is associated with late abortions, prematurity, low birth weight and stillbirths. The present study aimed to assess the histological changes of placentas associated with maternal anaemia (mothers with Hb level < 11 g/dl) were fifty (50) and those collected from control mothers were fifty (50). All the deliveries were at full term (37-41 weeks) periods and without any obstetric complications or diseases.

Since the commissioning of last unit of hydroelectric power plant of aggregate capacity of 230 MW in 1988, installed capacity of renewable energy based electricity in Bangladesh has only been increased by 276 MW, mostly from off-grid solar home systems. The formulation of renewable energy policy and establishment of Nodal Agency to administer the sector have, in fact, not been able to bring any revolution in the sector even during the time of falling price of renewable energy in the world.

The human papilloma virus (HPV) has a high potential for transmission and contamination among the population. HPV infection is closely related to host cell differentiation and remodeling. The virus changes the proliferative capacity of the epithelium, the more superficial stratified layers remain proliferative, including the most differentiated strata, generating exophytic epithelial growth. The oncogenic potential is related to the insertion of viral DNA into the host genome.

The today’s world is heading towards better environmental conditions through reduction of degrading factors of it. One of such initiative for cleaner environment is more acceptances of renewable resources rather than the traditional ways of using exhaustible resources. The Solar Roadway is a great innovation leading towards clean energy and cleaner environment. Solar energy has been the subject of great development in the past years, which led to the concept of Solar Roads. The Solar Roadway is a series of solar panels which is used to drive upon.

Odontogenic tumors are the lesions that are derived from the tooth-producing tissues or their remnants that remain entrapped either within the jawbones. The assumption of being Odontogenic in origin derives from the fact that they are only found in the jaws having a relation to teeth and teeth-bearing tissues. Further their relationship to the teeth is fairly clear-cut, both histologically and radiographically. The pathogenetic mechanism of Odontogenic tumors is close¬ly related to the developmental processes of teeth.

The incomplete duplication of the ureter, also known as bifid ureter, is one of the most common anatomic variations of the urinary system, and it affects 1% to 2% of the world population. The present study aims to report a case of incomplete duplication of the ureter. During a practice of dissection at the Laboratório de Morfofuncional da Faculdade de Medicina Faceres (FACERES Medical School Morfofunctional Laboratory), the presence of an incomplete duplication of the ureter has been observed. Two distinct ureteric ducts were found in the renal hilum of the left kidney.

Ranula is a non-cancerous cyst like space in mouth that contains mucus; usually caused by obstruction of a salivary gland. The term ranula is derived from Latin word “Rana” meaning frog,as the swelling may resemble a frog’s translucent under belly. It occurs usually in the floor of the mouth. Clinical types of ranula- • The simple ranula-it has an epithelial lining • The plunging ranula-it is an extravastion pseudocyst.

Objective: To evaluate the association of phychosocial stressors like anxiety and depression with oral lichen planus. Material and Method: Two groups were made A and B. In group A 30 healthy individuals were included and in group B 30 histopathologically proven oral lichen planus patients were included. Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale was used to evaluate anxiety and depression levels in both the groups. Results: Mean anxiety score-Group A -5.2Group B -13.9P value- <0.001(highly significant). Mean depression score Group A–2 Group B -11.9 P value- <0.001(highly significant).

Its great potential to improve the overall performance of data transmission with its dynamic and adaptive spectrum allocation capability in comparison with many other networking technologies, cognitive radio (CR) networking technology has been increasingly employed in networking and communication infrastructures for smart grids. However, a secondary user (SU) of a CR network has to be squeezed out from a channel when a primary user reclaims the channel, which may occur in a randomized fashion.

Many mental health problems emerge in late childhood and early adolescence. Recent studies have identified mental health problems - in particular depression, as the largest cause of the burden of disease among young people. Poor mental health can have important effects on the wider health and development of adolescents and is association with several health and social outcomes such as higher alcohol, tobacco and illicit substances use, adolescent pregnancy, school dropout and delinquent behaviours.

In this paper, a new method of finding solutions of a solvable standard quadratic congruence of composite modulus which is a product of two different odd primes and also as a product of twin primes are discussed. Actually, a new formula is discovered to find all the solutions of the congruence. It is found that the method is simple and takes less time as compared to the existed method. A comparative study is made by giving suitable numerical examples.

Aim: Aim of the present study is to investigate the clinical and radiological (bone fill) effectiveness of autologous PRF along with the use of alloplastic bone graft material (HA+β TCP) in the treatment of intra bony defects. Material and methods: A randomized case controlled clinical trial of subjects with 10 intrabony defects which were assigned to group I consisting of intrabony defects treated with PRF alone and group II consisting of 10 intrabony defects on which treatment was done PRF+ bone graft (HA + β TCP) after the initial oral prophylaxis.

Ficuscarica L. fam. Moraceae is one of the most important horticulture crops in the arid and semi-arid regions in the world. In order to study the drought resistance in two fig varieties (Soltani and Abiad), experiment has been conducted to achieve a method for multiple-shoot induction under drought stress using polyethylene glycol with apical buds collected from mature trees of Ficuscarica L., using Morashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium supplemented with different growth regulators benzyl adenine (BA).

Background: Crateva adansonii leaves have been used for many years traditionally in treating of headaches and inflammation. Objective: To determine the free radical scavenging effect of crude extract and fractions of Crateva adansonii leaves. Methods: The free radical scavenging activities of the methanol crude extract and fractions of the plant leaves were investigated in this study using 1,1-diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) photometric assay. Results: The percentage yield of the leaves was 13.87 w/w.

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by insensitivity to insulin, which is linked with many pathological alterations leading tocardiovascular diseases. Consequently, enormous studies indicated that patients with T2DM are significantlyassociated withblood vascular diseases, in particularthromboembolic complications. Aim of study: This study was designed to study the prevalence of thromboembolic complications among Saudi patients diagnosed with T2DM andidentify the most common types of thromboembolic complications in patients with T2DM.

Background: The patients who were in need of perineal and abdominal surgery were selected for this present study. Objective: Pain relief to patients who were to undergo abdominal and perineal surgeries. Methods: A Review was performed on 32 perineal and 18 abdominal surgeries. Haemodyanamic, duration of anaesthesia, sensory and motor block was observed. Results: 87.5 per cent of the perineal cases developed analgesia in 5 to 6 minutes while patients requiring abdominal surgery took 15 to 21 minutes to develop analgesia.

Aim: To present a case with variation in the canal configuration and morphology of maxillary third molar, which was diagnosed and endodontically treated successfully. Knowledge about root canal anatomy and morphology of root canal system plays an important role in the prognosis of endodontic treatment and its success. There are many variations in number of roots and canal configuration in maxillary molars. Undetected anatomical variations of roots or root canals which remain untreated are one of the main reasons for endodontic failure.

Background: Placenta is considered throwaway product but it provides insight about maternal and fetal disorders. Severe anaemia during pregnancy can lead to poor fetal outcome and the changes are reflected in the placenta. Objective: This study was undertaken to evaluate morphological and histological changes in placenta during pregnancy. Methods: 100 placentae from term mothers were studied over a period of one year, of which 75 placentae were from anaemic females (Hemoglobin <11g/dl) and remaining were from mothers with Hemoglobin ≥ 11g/dl.

Background: HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis-Bare major health problems worldwide. The number of infected people are liable to increase day by day. Awareness towards prevention and control of these diseasesare necessary among both educated and illiterate people. This study is concerned with a special branch of folk medicine in Tamilnadu, India which is formerly peripatetic hunter community settled all over South India. Objectives: This study is aimed at assessing the awareness and knowledge about HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis-B among the Narikuravar population residing at Thirunelveli district.

Background: Atlas is the first cervical vertebra. Arcuate foramen transmits vertebral vessels and sympathetic plexus. Any additional foramen on atlas other than foramen transversaria is termed as arcuate foramen. Presence of arcuate foramen in various countries giving an incidence from 8 to 24 % by various authors. Embryological variations in the presence and passage of the vertebral vessels will manifest as variant foramen. Objectives: To find the incidence of arcuate foramen in the first cervical vertebrae.

Hernia repairs are day to day procedures performed by General surgeons. Mesh hernia repairs have brought significant improved outcomes than primary hernia repairs. A limiting aspect associated with mesh hernia repair is chronic mesh infection. Such patients pose management challenge and are difficult to treat. Here we report our experience in treating one such a patient with chronic mesh infection after 10 years of initial laparoscopic Hernia surgery

Replacement of anterior teeth is challenging for patients with traumatic injuries when there is loss of soft tissue along with teeth. To achieve esthetics and phonetics, closure of the defect is necessary either with fixed or removable prosthesis. Due to periodontal considerations and extent of the defect, fixed prosthesis is not always feasible; whereas removable prosthesis is also less retentive and normally uncomfortable. So fixed removable prosthesis (Andrews Bridge) can be used to overcome these issues.

The paper discusses the immunosuppressive effects of pharmacological drugs. The task is to reduce the possible side effect of drugs due to annually increasing public access to medicines as a result of a large number of OTC drugs available for sale accompanied by a lack of objective information about their possible negative consequences. Here, we present information on the study of immunosuppressive effects of various pharmacological groups and their impact on public health.

Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization of Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is an emerging technology for Clinical Microbiology Laboratory. In most of the Microbiology Laboratories, The identification of microorganisms is done by phenotypic method conventionally or by molecular methods in most of the Microbiology Laboratories even today. The phenotypic methods are based on isolation of the microorganism in culture followed by biochemical tests for bacteria which are time consuming. The molecular methods require expertise and new variants may not be detected.

Background: Dengue a mosquito borne viral fever is caused by Dengue virus of family Flaviviridae. It has a wide spectrum of sign and symptoms ranging from acute self-limiting infection to fatal complications in few cases like Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF), Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). Several Rapid immuno-chromatographic and ELISA based diagnostic kits are available for laboratory diagnosis in clinically suspected cases. Due to threat of developing fatal complications, rapid diagnosis becomes important in order to prevent such complications.

Background: A strong causal relationship exists between cigarette smoking and the development of oral cancer. Most of the cases of oral cancer are diagnosed at advanced stage that results in an unfavorable prognosis and high mortality rate. In such cases certain noninvasive procedures such as Exfoliative Cytology plays an important role in the detection and monitoring of initial alteration and for the establishment of adequate treatment.

Objective: Renal artery resistive index evaluation in patients with diabetes mellitus and control group along with its correlation with microalbuminuria. Materials and Methods: This study comprised of 50 cases of diabetic mellitus (NIDDM) in age group of (40-60 years) and 50 cases of age match control of non-diabetic patients. Total 100 cases underwent duplex ultrasonography. Both groups of 50 cases each were tested for blood urea, serum creatinine, urine proteinuria and microalbuminuria. Results: In our study 50 diabetics were further divided into two groups based on their RI values.

Objective: fasciitis Technology and Biomedical Sciences, Dehradun. Total 30 patients between the age group 20 to 50 years both males and females having been Myofascial release therapy and Group B received Static stretching technique for 4 weeks.

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