CALL FOR PAPERS

CERTIFICATE

IMPACT FACTOR 2018

Subject Area

  • Life Sciences / Biology
  • Architecture / Building Management
  • Asian Studies
  • Business & Management
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Economics & Finance
  • Engineering / Acoustics
  • Environmental Science
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • General Sciences
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology & Nanoscience
  • Nonlinear Science
  • Chaos & Dynamical Systems
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences & Humanities

Why Us? >>

  • Open Access
  • Peer Reviewed
  • Rapid Publication
  • Life time hosting
  • Free promotion service
  • Free indexing service
  • More citations
  • Search engine friendly

Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

January 2018

Introduction: Esophageal carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy acNumbering for approximately 1% of all malignancies, 6% of all GI malignancies (http://globocan.iarc.fr/factsheets/cancers/ oesophagus.asp). Its distribution across the world is variable.

Introduction: Esophageal carcinoma is an uncommon malignancy acNumbering for approximately 1% of all malignancies, 6% of all GI malignancies (1). Its distribution across the world is variable. Esophageal cancer is the 8th most common cancer worldwide & 6th leading cause of death world-wide. Aim of the study: To determine the outcomes of the definitive management of thoracic esophageal cancer using chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy, at our institute during the period between 20011 and 2014.

Background: Atherosclerosis is a primary cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Atherosclerosis is characterized by infiltration of inflammatory cells from circulating blood. Blood cell activation could play an important role in subclinical atherosclerosis. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is an established tool for the detection and assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis.

Objectives: To evaluate and compare the defects produced on root canal walls during the use of H-files, Pro Taper retreatment files and M-two retreatment files in removal of gutta-percha and also to evaluate the time required for complete removal of gutta-percha. Method: Root canals of 60 single-rooted mandibular premolars were cleaned, shaped, and obturated with gutta-percha and AH plus sealer. The teeth were then randomly divided into four main groups. The group where retreatment was not carried out served as the control group.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there was an association between abdominal striae gravidarum and intra-abdominal adhesions in pregnant women with a history of cesarean section. Background: Intra-abdominal adhesions that develop because of prior abdominal or pelvic surgery may cause complications during surgery such as damage to the urinary bladder, uterus or small intestine; difficult intra-abdominal entry and hemorrhage. Methods: The study was a prospective observational study.

Cleidocranial dysplasia is a rare congenital disease. It is characterized by autosomal dominant inheritance pattern with equal sex distribution which is caused due to mutations in the Cbfa1 gene (Runx2) located on chromosome 6p21. It primarily affecting skull, jaws, teeth, clavicle along with other skeletal abnormalities. It presents with skeletal defects of several bones, like partial or complete absence of clavicles, late closure of the fontanels, presence of open skull sutures and multiple wormian bones.

Scientific advances in the creation of restorative biomaterials, in vitro cell culture technology, tissue grafting, tissue engineering, molecular biology and the human genome project provide the basis for the introduction of new technologies into dentistry. Traditionally, apexification has been used to treat immature permanent teeth that have lost pulp vitality. This technique promotes the formation of an apical barrier to close the open apex so that the filling materials can be confined to the root canal.

Objective: This research aimed to determine the efficacy of Crown Rump Length (CRL) by ultrasound in estimating the Gestational Age (GA) compared to GA by Naegele’s rule using Last menstrual period (LMP) date. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective observational study of women with a normal spontaneously conceived viable singleton pregnancy, a regular menstrual cycles, andspontaneous onset of labor at term. The LMP was considered certain in all cases. We used ultrasound to scan 2067 fetuses (894 healthy women) and we had 500CRL measurements.

This research was conducted to analyze the effect of activity-based self-care education on pre-school children's self-care skills. It was conducted with 56 children aged 5 or 6 (27 of them in the experimental group, 27 of them in the control group) in the city of Malatya. The Self-care Skills Evaluation Form developed by the researchers was used to collect data. The evaluation form consists of two parts including one for personal information and one for children's self-care skills. An experiment was implemented using a pretest and posttest control group model.

This classroom action research aims to find out the implementation of Visual, Auditory, Somatics, and Intelectualy Instructional Approcah on improving Elementary school students’ English vocabulary mastery. It using two cycles of Kemmis and McTaggart’s Model. Each consists of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting.

Follicular thyroid carcinoma is the second most common thyroid cancer after papillary carcinoma. At the time of initial diagnosis,1-3% of patients with thyroid cancer may have distant metastasis. Follicular thyroid carcinoma may present as an occult primary with bone metastasis and should be considered amongst the potential differential diagnosis; as highlighted in this case.

Background: The latter part of the twentieth century saw a transformation in both general health and oral health unmatched in history. Yet, despite the remarkable achievements in recent decades, millions of people worldwide have been excluded from the benefits of socioeconomic development and the scientific advances that have improved healthcare and quality of life. Inequalities in oral health persist worldwide, with mainly affected being the deprived population such as the tribals.

The creation of normal condition of translocation of electrons and protons produced during glycolysis to mitochondrial matrix, owing to the full 9 stepped cycle of proton conductance (Ambaga and Tumen-Ulzii, 2016) have been played a more important role in the general bioenergetic processes of organism by participating to formation of proton gradients and thereby increasing the ATP generation and heat energy.

Distal femoral fractures account for about 6-7% of all femoral fracture and often are unstable and comminuted. They have a potential for long term disability. Impaired healing of such fractures further delays the rehabilitation process, thus impacting quality of life. Teriparatide is not an approved drug for treating osteoporosis in India, unlike other countries. Intermittent administration of teriparatide has anabolic effects that stimulate bone formation and activate bone remodeling.

Objectives: This research was designed to investigate the effect of rewetting the dry dentin with two different desensitizing agents on the shear bond strength of resin composite to dentin. Material and methods: A total of 120 freshly extracted, sound human molars were used in this study. They were divided into three main equal groups (n=40) according to the type of solvent used either water/ethanol, ethanol or acetone based.

Chronic diseases such as diabetes and eye complications are a public health problem in the world and in developing countries such as Côte d'Ivoire. A study was conducted at the National Institute of Public Health with the aim of measuring the extent of blinding ocular diseases in diabetic patients. This was a cross-sectional study of patients followed at the Abidjan Antidiabetic Center of the National Institute of Public Health from June to December 2015. The data were collected from patients using pre-tested questionnaires and from an interview and acomplet eophtalmological examination.

Background of the Study: Acapella an oscillatory positive expiratory pressure device used for the clearance of secretions in the COPD patients. It sends the vibratory signals into the lungs, shaking the mucus plugs that the patient cough and improve cough effectiveness and push out secretion. The diaphragm is the most efficient muscle of breathing and the diaphragmatic breathing helps to strengthen the diaphragm, decrease the work of breathing, useless effort and energy to breathe.

The mutations in TOR1A or DYT1 genes are commonly known to be associated with primary dystonia in childhood and rarely with benign essential blepharospasm and head tremors.1 However, the association of TOR1A gene mutation with chorea has never been described in the literature. Here we describe a 5-year old boy with an infantile onset generalized chorea, with normal cognition, whose genetic analysis revealed a known pathogenic mutation in the TOR1A gene (c.646G>T).

This paper deals with focussing on multidimensional effect of Cyperus rotundus Linn. in curing no. of ailments. It is found at tropical and temperate climate throughout the country up to an altitude of 800 m. Aim of this study was to review the efficacy of plant in curing various ailments such as Ulcerative colitis, Dental disorders, Vomitting, Uterine contraction, Bad breath, Wound Healing, Diarrhoea, Indigestion, Cholera, Dyspepsia. Ethnomedicinal uses of the plants also helps in curing various health problems in human.

Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is also known as Franceschetti-zwahlen- klein syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterised primarily by craniofacial abnormalities such as deafness, hypoplasia of facial bones (malar, maxillary and mandibular bone), antimongoloid slant of palpebral fissure, coloboma of lower eyelid. It was first reported by Allen Thomson in 1846than in 1899 by George AndreasBerry, Edward Treacher Collins in 1900 and in 1949 by Franceschetti-zwahlen- klein.

The present study was conducted in Department of Anatomy and 64-slice CT center of Department of Radio diagnosis, King George’s Medical University, U.P. Lucknow. Morpho metric data of the aortic arch can be of help for conceiving, designing and optimizing all types of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions involving the aortic arch. We measured aortic arch diameters at following levels: Aorta just proximal to the innominate artery, Proximal transverse aortic arch, Distal transverse aortic arch and Aortic isthmus.

Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is an enzyme which involves in purine metabolism and catabolism of adenosine and deoxyadenosine into inosine and deoxyinosine. There are three isoenzymes; ADA1 and ADA2, ADA1+cp. Total ADA is very important in the tumor cell growth. In the present study the activities of ADA, its isoenzymes (ADA1 and ADA2) have been examined in the serum ovarian tumors of 30 patients and 30 normal serums. with autoanalyzer HITACHI 912 byspectrophotometry method by or presence or absence of erythro-9-2-hydroxy-3-nonyl Adenosine (EHNA).

Pain is a common experience in orthodontic patients,and fear of pain and discomfort is a concernfor many. Orthodontic pain usually beginsat 2 hours after force application and reaches its maximumintensity at bedtime or at 24 hours, and lastsapproximately 5 to 7 days.The aim of this study was to investigate the intensity of pain experienced by orthodontic patients following the insertion of separators and to compare the efficacy of ibuprofen and chewing gum in pain reduction during the placement of initial archwire.

The most common cause of masticatory muscle pain is displacement of the mandible to a position dictated by maximum intercuspation of the teeth. Displacement of the mandible always results in displacement of condyle-disk assemblies, which in turn can lead to progressive changes in condyle disk alignment. The misalignment along with connective tissue changes that can occur within the articular components, may make it difficult to determine the correct position for condylar axis.

Background: Preeclampsia is associated with higher prevalence of abnormal global left ventricular function. So present study was designed to compare these changes in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies using echocardiography. Methods: In present study, 96 patients with pre-eclampsia with singleton pregnancy between 20-30 years (study group) were compared with 96 age matched healthy pregnant women (control group). They were non-invasively analysed for cardiovascular hemodynamics using echocardiography. The data was analysedusing student’s t- test.

Background: A number of evaluations (at small and large scale) regarding selfmedication have been carried out but very few of them reflect the opinions of the medical students. Objectives of the Study: To find out the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding selfmedication among students of 4th year MBBS NMC, Pakistan Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Setting: The study was carried out among 4thyear MBBS students of NMC, Multan and data was completed and analyzed in the department of community medicine NMC, Multan, Pakistan.

India has a vast variety of medicinal plants. Medicinal plants synthesize variety of phytochemicals that help to defend against wide variety of microorganisms including bacteria, fungi, helminthes, and viruses. Use of plants as a source of medicine has been an ancient practice and is important component of health system in India. General public, academic and government interest in traditional medicine is growing rapidly due to increase side effects of the adverse drug reactions and cost factor of modern system of medicine.

Interdental papillary recession has been esthetical as well as an oral hygiene maintenance problem for the patients. Abnormal tooth shape, improper contours of prosthetic restorations, and traumatic oral hygiene procedures may also negatively influence the outline of the interdental soft tissue. There are very fewer surgical techniques to create interdental papilla, which has been very technique sensitive and less predictive in treatment outcome. In this article, a review is attempted to illustrate various causes, classification, and management of interdental papilla.

Introduction: There is a high degree of similarity between Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) in terms of routes of transmission, associated risk factors and their presence in the body fluids. Thus the co-infection of these two viruses is a common phenomenon. HIV accelerates the natural course of HCV infection and facilitates faster progression of liver disease to cirrhosis and heap tocellular carcinoma. Co-infection of HCV with HIV infection results into substantial impairment of cell mediated responses, faster progression of HIV to AIDS-defining illness.

Radicular cyst is the most common cystic lesion in the jaws. In the past, there were many different treatment option mentioned in the literature, but total cystectomy i.e enucleation of cyst is gold standard treatment of radicular cyst. After enucleation of cyst, generally surgical bone defect were left as it is, but for accelerated bone healing, bone grafting is advised. This case report presents Surgical Management of Large Radicular Cyst with Enucleation and bone grafting of Demineralized freeze dried bone allograft (DFDBA).

The teaching and use of formative research within academic programs are greater than at any time in educational history. The formative research process of construction of knowledge, associated with learning and teaching. Objective: to analyze formative research as a learning strategy in leveling nurses, the theorists were developed: Demo with Research in learning, and Freire with problematizing and liberating education Díaz tummy with meaningful learning; Methodological design. Qualitative study, descriptive method carried out in 8 Leveling students, in-depth interviews were used.

The haemorrhagicbone cyst (HBC) is an uncommon nonepithelial lined cavity of the jaws. The lesion is mainly diagnosed in young patients most frequently during the second decade of life. The majority of HBCs are located in the mandibular body between the canine and third molar region. Clinically, the lesion is usually asymptomatic in majority of cases and is often accidentally discovered on routine radiological findings as aunilocular radiolucent area with "scalloping effect". The definite diagnosis of haemorrhagiccyst is invariably achieved during surgery.

Objective: To study the maternal and neonatal outcome in multifetal gestation in a tertiary care centre Method: A retrospective observational analysis of 152 twin pregnancies admitted and managed at Govt. Rajaji Hospital, Madurai from May 2016 to april 2017 was done. Patients were studied for any adverse antenatal complications, mode of delivery and pregnancy outcome both maternal and perinatal. Results: Most common indication for admission was threatened preterm labour, Anaemia, Non severe preeclampsia.

The problem of maxillofacial injuries and improvement of treatment of fractures of facial bones of different localization does not lose its relevance. At the present stage of development of maxillofacial surgery, the preference is given to minimally invasive techniques of surgical treatment of mandibular fractures, which allow to restore the aesthetic and functional status of the maxillofacial area in shortest terms compared to the prolonged methods of conservative treatment.

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome is a multisystem disease caused by mutations of the VHL gene. In patients with family history of this syndrome, the diagnosis is usually easy to establish and these patients require screening for various lesions. However, diagnosis of this syndrome, in the absence of family history, is challenging. We present a case of VHL syndrome in a young female, with no family history. The case highlights the significance of high degree of clinical suspicion and close follow up, for lesions of VHL syndrome, in patients with cerebellar hemangioblastoma.

Aim and Objectives: The objectives was to find the correlation between the cervico-incisal length of Maxillary right central incisor (MxRCI) to Nasal Height (NaHt) and the correlation between the cervico-incisal length of MxRCI to the Anterior Facial Height (AFHt). Methodology: 100 individuals was selected among the students of Indian origin from the educational institution in and around sullia, based on defined inclusion and exclusion criteria. NaHt was measured between Na (Nasion) and SN (Subnasale) using digital Vernier caliper. AFHt was measured between Na (Nasion) and Me (Menton).

Background and objectives: The pain of childbirth is the most severe pain, most women will endure in their lifetimes. Women in pain don’t need an “indication” for pain relief in labour. According to the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) “in the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labour” A prospective study was conducted with the approval of the hospital Ethics Committee. 60 parturient in labor were enrolled in the study after signing written informed consent.

Introduction: Determination of growth pattern in a vertical dimension is of utmost importance to orthodontist. Various analyses and parameters are present but they do pose shortcomings of variability even in same individual. Hence this study was aimed at determining reliability of various parameters and find which of the parameters can be used singly and which can be used in combination to aid in diagnosis and treatment planning. Materials and methods: Cephalometric radiographs of 90 individuals were examined and comparative analysis using all ten parameters was done.

Introduction: - It has been reported that the over-prescription of antibiotics in children is leading to increased fatal diarrheal cases and a drastic change in the sensitiveness of gut flora. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) has published guidelines for antibiotic use, recognizing the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistant microorganisms. Objective: The objective of this survey is to compare the antibiotic prescription pattern and the awareness of antibiotic resistance among Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) practitioners and Pediatric Dentists.

Introduction: Our study is about effectiveness of 0.5% bupivacaine soaked absorbable gelatin sponge placed in gallbladder bed, on postoperative pain management after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Material and methods: 60 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy were divided in two groups. In one group 0.5% bupivacaine soaked absorbable gelatin sponge was placed in gallbladder bed in other group normal saline soaked absorbable gelatin sponge was placed in gallbladder bed. Postoperative pain was assessed using VAS scale.

Ocular trauma resulting eye injuries are a frequent threat to vision worldwide. The causes of eye injury are diverse, but the risk and type of injury is often correlated with age, gender, and race. While a focused history and prompt ocular examination are essential to immediate management, patient education regarding safety precautions and risk reduction help to prevent future recurrences. This article describes a case of penetrating eye injury in a 25-year-old male. The case discussion will review the initial examination and management decision.

Adolescents are an important resource for any country. Adolescent girls are the future mothers of the society. Their health plays an important role in determining the health of the future population because adolescent girl’s health has an intergenerational effect. The cumulative impact of the low health situation of girls is reflected in high maternal mortality rates and consequent high fertility rates. Pelvic inflammatory diseases are largely due to risk factors, which are preventable.

Introduction: Ultrasonography has proved its accuracy in orbital imaging by virtue of its high frequency probes and b mode imaging. The CT extends privilege of perfect anatomical images and better delineation using intravenous contrast. The current study evaluated clinical and radiological presentation of various orbital lesions; and compared diagnostic accuracy of USG and CT. Material and methods: A prospective observational study was planned at a tertiary teaching institute on 100 patients referred to radiology department for ultrasonography and computed tomography of orbit.

Transverse maxillary deficiency is one of the frequently observed entities in patients who seek orthodontic treatment and is often characterized by crossbite which may be unilateral or bilateral as well as anterior crowding. Rapid maxillary/palatal expansion (RME/RPE) is able to eliminate posterior crossbite and the transverse discrepancy between the dental arches due to maxillary constriction. Increase in arch perimeter appears to be the important effect of this treatment. Evidences indicate that rapid palatal expansion may be used without surgery in young adults.

Dental problems being the most common health problem that affects children. Most traumatic injuries to the teeth and their supporting structures constitute a true dental emergency and because teeth have the lowest potential of any tissue for returning to a normal healthy state following injury, most injuries require urgent evaluation and treatment. Due to lack of awareness and knowledge among parents/mothers most of children with dental trauma present late for treatment that result in unfavorable long-term prognosis.

Background: Pityriasis Versicolor (PV) is a cutaneous pigmentation disorder caused by a lipophilic yeast of the genus Malassezia sp. It is a superficial mycosis characterized by well-defined, slightly scaly skin lesions of variable color. Pityriasis versicolor is a very common, easily treatable superficial fungal infection, and is neglected by many patients. Aim: To determine the quality of life and psychological impact in patients with pityriasis versicolor.

Background: The term “aphthous” is derived from a Greek word “aphtha” which means ulceration. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common painful oral mucosal conditions seen among patients. These present as recurrent, multiple, small, round, or ovoid ulcers, with circumscribed margins, having yellow or gray floors and are surrounded by erythematous haloes, present first in childhood or adolescence. Many studies have reported that stress and anxiety have a role in the onset and recurrence of aphthous ulcers.

Stress is not always negative. It may also bring out the best in individuals at times. It may induce an individual to discover innovative and smarter way of doing things. This positive dimension of stress is called as eustress. But usually, the term stress has a negative implication and this negative aspect of stress is termed as distress. For instance - When a subordinate is harassed or warned by his superior, unhappiness of unsuitable job, etc. We can say that “Stress causes some people to break, and other to break records.”The Quantitative Research approach was used in this study.

The research on synthesis of hollow silica structures in the nanoscale has flourished in recent years because of their importance in the development of catalysis1 and biomedical applications2. In this work, a novel “worm-like” silica nanostructure holding Ag particle and nanocavities in the same shell was first reported. Studies on this interesting structure discovered a facile one-pot method to construct cavities-containing silica nanostructure using Ag+ salt and ligand 11-MUA.

Microenterprises have great role for socio-economic development in developing countries. In spite of these benefits, the role of these businesses in our country is very much insignificant. Moreover, in Gambella specially in Nuer and Agnwa communities are not actively participate in microenterprises. Thus, this research focused on analyzing the determinants of the households’ willingness and ability to participate in micro enterprise. The results of the study with nominal log it model revealed seven variables were significant at less than 10 per cent probability level.

On-farm verification trial was conducted with lime and soil test based fertilizer application for improving the yield of potato in acidic soils under the Surma‐Kushiyara Floodplain soil of Bangladesh. The trials were laid out in a factorial randomized complete block design with six dispersed replications. The treatments were, M1: soil test based (STB) recommended fertilizer and M2: farmers practice (FP) and dolomite levels (L0: 0 t ha-1, L1: 1 t ha-1 and L2: 2 t ha-1). The result showed that average yield of tuber (24.04t ha-1) was higher in STB fertilizer (M1).

Introduction: Neonatal sepsis is a common but dreadful problem faced by neonatologists and is responsible for approximately 25% of all neonatal deaths in the world. Neonates are at increased risk of contracting infections due to immature immune system. It is difficult to clinically diagnose sepsis in these babies because the clinical features of sepsis are subtle in these neonates. Culture and sensitivity remains the gold standard test to diagnose and treat neonates in this situation.

A system of ferrites with formula Ni0.5+xZnxCu0.5Fe2-2xO4 (x=0.0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4,0.5) synthesized through ceramic route. As a special consideration for optimisation the material is quenched from 1137 K to 77 K by dropping it in liquid nitrogen bath in the final stage. XRD patterns present that the crystals formed are in the polycrystalline nature. The structure of ferrite is confirmed as Face Centred Cubic (FCC) phase. The particle size of the ferrite system varies from 20 nm to 40 nm and they are nano particles. Thermal study helps to infer completion of reaction of formation of ferrite.

The ageing population is steadily expanding, with associated increased use of medications. polypharmacy (>4 drugs) is observed on regular basis causing untoward effects Beers criteria given by American geriatric society is widely used and guides in preventing adverse drug reactions.

A system of Ferrites with formula Ni0.5-x Znx Cu0.5 Fe2O4 (x=0.0,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4,0.5) synthesized through solid state route. During the second sintering the material is quenched from 1137 K to 77 K by dropping it in liquid nitrogen bath. The solid material is ground in agate pestle, mortar and made as powder. The powder form of ferrite is subjected to structural studies using XRD, thermal, FTIR and Raman measurements.XRD patterns present that the crystals formed are in the polycrystalline nature. The structure of ferrite is confirmed as Face Centred Cubic (FCC) phase.

An increasing of type II diabetic coupled with global prevalence an increased longevity is an alarming health care. Physical exercises with good adherence improves glycemic control and quality of life of diabetic subject.

Post copulatory mate guarding in insects is a major means of securing paternity. It is explained as a male adaptation to avoid sperm competition by excluding rivals from mating with the guarded female. The present experiments were designed to investigate the effect of single mating and subsequent or interval based second mating with same or different male on mate guarding duration, fecundity and percent egg viability of a ladybird, Menochilus sexmaculatus (Fabricius). For this study second mating was given with same or different male.

The agriculture is the most important basic needs of the population. For better production and pest control farmers use different types of chemicals in agricultural fields which have hazardous effects on the population. To produce healthy crops and organic farmer needs to manage the soil well considering soil life, soil nutrients and soil structure. The organic farming specially vermicomposting is a modernization in agriculture to minimize the effects of hazardous effects of chemicals of population.

In order to improve the quality of CCN-51 cocoa beans, this study was developed in which 5 concentrations of total sugars, defined by the Brix degrees (° Bx) and adjusted by pre-drying, were evaluated prior to the process of fermentation. A completely random distribution was used in the allocation of the treatments, which were defined by 1 ° Bx (T1), 1 - 5 ° Bx (T2), 5 - 10 ° Bx (T3), 10 - 15 ° Bx ( T4) and more than 15 ° Bx (T5).

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between the imunohistochemical staining of four receptors and the metastasis of breast cancer to the lymph nodes and the age. The investigated receptors were estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER and PR), human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGF). Material and Methods: This study was retrospective study. One hundred and twenty one breast cancer tissues were retrieved from the radiation and isotope centre in Khartoum (RICK).

Background: Incidence rate of intra-operative hypothermia during surgeries is estimated to be around 40% in China, causing damages as cardiovascular complications and also increase costs due to treatment for adverse reactions and prolonged hospital stay. However in current stage, hypothermia and effective warming measurements are attached with relatively low importance in aesthesia procedures. This study aims to compare the potential economic benefits for patients using active warming system during major surgeries.

Difficulties related to the active management of complex assets and the risk of high insolvency in the event of credit granting by the institutions led the Ivorian legislator to legislate in matters of trust. As a named contract, the trust is beneficial both in the active management of complex assets and in the individualized and specific management of certain assets or liabilities. A trust specializing in the creation, management and financing of national parks and nature reserves exists and has been the subject of a thorough analysis.

Geographically, Bacan Island is truly strategic due to its position that situated at the center of skipjack fishing ground. The fishermen who are based in coastal fishing port (PPP) Panamboang using pole and line to catch this economist pelagic species in this site assisted by Fish Aggregate Devices (FADs). This fishing operation particularly requires live baits. However, the problems that are being faced by the fishermen are not having their own FADs. Additionally, live baits depend on the coastal dynamic such as tides and current.

Using Cloud Storage, customers can remotely save their information and revel in the on-demand high best packages and offerings from a shared pool of configurable computing sources, without the burden of local data storage and maintenance. However, the reality that users not have physical ownership of the outsourced statistics makes the statistics integrity protection in Cloud computing a formidable challenge, this is mainly for customers with limited computing assets.

The low level of common beans production in Tanzania has been attributed partly to low levels of soil plant-available phosphorus. In view of that, a screen house experiment was conducted to recover phosphorus from treated wastewater and to assess its effects on growth parameters of common beans. Three irrigation treatments (T0: freshwater, T1: freshwater and fertiliser, T2: treated wastewater) were used. The experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design with 20 replications.

Cloud computing stands asan extensively used technology. The world is associated with the web.The on-request benefits gave by the cloud are a database, network, web servers, email, virtual desktop, client relationship administration, and so on.Due to which the vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANET) are enforced to move from traditional vehicular ad-hoc networks to VANET-Cloud. There are some security issues with a cloud.

On the basis of published data and results of our own research, we are discussing classification, properties, side effects, indications, contraindications, principles of administration of antmetabolites, cytostatics, antlymphocytic serum and immunoglobulins, antibiotics, enzymes, corticosteroids and other hormones, salicylates, other pharmaceuticals, surgical methods, radiation in autoimmune treatment, malignant and other diseases.

The present article aims at underlining epistemological and political view point on the Timor LestePresidential Election 2017 by highlighting the conceptual and dynamic preparation toward the election itself in providing ways to analyze and scrutinize more profound about the dynmics and perceptions on the Emergence and Ideological Formation of Political Parties in East Timor; ThePreparation for Elections;Electorate and voting trends; The political and electoral debate;and finally looking at the challenges of the future.

In Ancient Greece numerous mathematicians managed to gain global fame. Figures such as Archimedes and Euclid presented new thoughts to the scientific society and contributed to growth of mathematics. Sometime later, the Roman Empire defeated the Greek empire and replaced it in the world. Despite all the attempts that the Roman Empire made to develop science, it failed to progress as much as the ancient Greek empire did in mathematics. One reason was the fact that the Roman Empire was deprived of famous talented mathematicians that boosted the scientific capabilities of the Greek empire.

Mental illnesses are the diseases of prolonged duration and mostly slow in progression. Low-income and lower middle income countries currently faces the burden of mental illness, greater loss of lives and economy of the country. Mental illness is recognized as major contributor to adverse health conditions, poverty and thus a barrier to economic development. At least 13.7% of India's general population has been projected to be suffering from a variety of mental illnesses; and 10.6% of this requires immediate intervention.

In the recent past, there has been many research works going on to examine performance of airfoils, on their aerodynamic characteristics. There is no definite airfoil, which can define aerodynamic characteristics more precisely. This paper is an attempt made to fabricate, define and compare aerodynamic characteristics by MH and KFm airfoils.

La question de l'influence des réseaux socionumériques sur l'activité politique a déjà fait l'objet d'une abondante littérature. La présente étude se focalise sur la Côte d'Ivoire, pays majeur de l'Afrique de l'Ouest sorti d'une longue guerre civile et disposant d'une économie en pleine croissance. Cette croissance profite au secteur des technologies de l'information et de la communication où le pays à l'instar de nombreux Pays africains semble refaire son retard.

Sustainable development is a difficult concept to define, because it is a continually evolving, which makes it difficult to define. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, pg.43). Sustainable development has three major components: environment, society and economy. The wellbeing of these three areas is intentioned, but not separate e.g.

The tourism sector is characterized by a specialization and permanent segmentation to meet the increasingly sophisticated demands of target groups and recipients. Classification schemes, quality certifications and online sales have become an integral part of the system of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), causing the potential tourist to face the growing number of micro entrepreneurs who seek to be in the mind of the consumer through web pages and technological tools.

Childhood is the most critical and important phase of human development. Children learn to move, communicate, and interact with the world, and develop a sense of personal and cultural identity. Early childhood offers the greatest opportunities for positive human development, but is also the period when children are most at risk. Nearly half of all deaths in children under 5 are attributable to under nutrition. The study analyzed the beneficiary of ICDS according to different social dimensions of India.

An overview of stem cells, their populations, properties, functions and various antigen markers used in stem cell differentiation. A demonstrated analysis of circulating hemopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in humans, specifically in burn patients along with data showing significant rise in absolute and relative quantities of HSCs in burn patients as compared to healthy individuals, an event triggered presumably by the tissue hemopoietic regeneration needs.

The present study aims to determine the food security status of marine fisheries households in Batticaloa district of Sri Lanka and to analyse the impact of socioeconomic and demographic variables on the food security status of households in the district. This study was entirely depended on the primary data which was collected from a sampled questionnaire survey. The questionnaire survey was administered in the form of face-to-face interviews. Batticaloa district was selected and the sample was selected from seven fisheries inspectors division in the district.

Voluntary disclosure can be influenced by several factors thus this study sought to find out the effect of selected board characteristics on voluntary disclosure of manufacturing listed companies in Kenya. The general objective of the study was to examine the effect of selected board characteristics on voluntary disclosure among manufacturing companies listed in Kenya. The study specifically, sought to find out the effect of board size, board independence, board ownership, gender board diversity and audit committee on voluntary disclosure.

This study examined the perception and involvement of major forest stakeholders in the protection of forest reserves in Ondo state, Nigeria. The forest estate in the country has continued to diminish very fast through deforestation and over exploitation of forest resources. There is however the need to stop this ugly trend through proper protection of the forest by involving other forest stakeholders in forest protection.

Optimal employee performance is influenced by several aspects that exist within the organization, such as organizational restructuring and leadership. This study aims to determine the effect of organizational restructuring and leadership on the performance of employees in Mayangan Sub-District, Probolinggo, Indonesia. This research type is the explanatory quantitative. Population amounted to 98 people, sampling technique using random sampling technique so that the respondent obtained amounted to 79 people used as respondents.

Agile software design and development methodologies have been gaining heavy-handed attention in the field of the software engineering in the research community and additional to being highly adopted by the software development industry. Basically, Innovative industry needs an agile concept to rapidly respond and changing conditions until encourages customer satisfaction by early incremental delivery of software. A great number of notable methods have been proposed and various surveys have been presented by many researchers.

The 21st century with its waves of globalization and liberalization, is also witnessing growing tensions-political, social, economic and cultural, in several parts of the world. Ethnicity and nationalism, interethnic conflicts, and secessionist movements have been major forces shaping the modern world and the structure and stability of contemporary states. Today, this is evident from a wide variety of multiethnic situations around the world, particularly in South Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Russia.

One of the human attributes is the production of the images, in fact, they are the earliest human art evidence, The types of animal and human specimens expressing thoughts, beliefs and knowledge of human life in ancient times, Among which, women's bodies were worshiped as a symbol of blessings and goddesses, and in every civilization a woman has a special place of social value. In the history of Iran, we have also witnessed the brilliance of women in different parts of the country, so many women's specimen in many civilizations have been discovered in ancient Iran.

Education, normally one of the largest employers in any country, is one of the industries which has not undergone a technological revolution. We must help to move it out of the handicraft stage. With the terrible and growing shortage of qualified teachers all over the developing world, we must find ways to make good teachers more productive. This will involve investment in textbooks, in audio-visual materials and above all the use of modern communication techniques (radio, television and film) for teaching purposes.” This is remarked by Robert F.

Savings and Credit Co-operative is a financial institution that is owned and controlled by its members and operated for the purposes of promoting thrift, providing credit at low interest rates and providing other financial services to its members. Over the years the SACCOs expanded financially and even started banking like services which were called FOSA in attempt to increase efficiency in services delivery but instead led to illiquidity, capital inadequacy, poor credit management and low confidence among members.

This study provides empirical suggestion listed effect of transaction cost on cereal and pulse crops producer farmer households in Salale (North Shewa Zone), (Ethiopia). The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the transaction cost effects on farmer house hold in the area.To select sample size respondents multistage sampling technique is used. In addition to this, 2 Salale Union worker, 15 government employee and 15 merchant respondents were included on focus group discussion. To make the result more fruitful mixed research method was employed.

The study examined the effect of working capital management on profitability of small and medium sized hardware stores in Mavoko Municipality, Machakos County. Working capital management components used were:-inventory management; payables management; receivables management and cash management which were measured using inventory conversion period; average payment period; average collection period and Cash Conversion Cycle respectively. Profitability was measured using return on assets.

In the field of research, the study about fuzziness in the classes of regular semigroups becomes very important in the recent days. The fast and intensive development of the subject fuzzy relations has been continued from the twentieth century. In logical algebra using fuzzy tools many definitions related to fuzzy algebraic structure are established recently.

Dental implants have become a mainstay for restoring teeth that have been lost over the last few decades. Eventhough suc¬cess rates in implant dentistry are well above 90 percent, complications do occur. Most complications are preventable with proper diagnosis, treatment planning and execu¬tion. Other complications are inherent to the risks of surgery and may require intervention. The purpose of this paper is to classify the possible complications that may occur and to discuss their prevention and management.

This was across - sectional study that was conductedin 2014. The purpose of this study was to characterize the quality and quantityof recyclable waste in Mashhadcityin terms of the economic value and environmental impact. On the other hand, the energy from burning them and the resulting benefits were studied. The results show an average of 1,656 tons of waste is produced in the city of Mashhad; the per capita waste production per person is 630 grams per day.

Nomads are the a group of communities who travel from place to place for their livelihood. They do not have a fix settlement. Socio-demographic profile of the nomadic tribes who migrated from different states to Karnataka. Sample size of 30 families from 6 districts of North Karnataka have been taken. General information regarding socio-demographic was collected by pretested structured questionnaire. Majority of them were migrants from Rajasthan. Excreta disposal was open. They resided in tents. Overall socio-demographic characteristics of these tribes were found to be very poor.

This study examined the use of interactive pedagogical approaches on learner academic engagement in social studies in Kenya’s primary schools. The study was conducted against the background of declining educational standards partly emanating from pedagogy. Pedagogy is an integral component of curriculum implementation in the education sector. Yet, the literature reviewed revealed that very little research has been undertaken in the area on use of interactive pedagogical approaches in learner academic engagement, especially in social studies.

Ready-to-serve beverage of grapes are a product with severe shelf life problems. Alcoholic fermentation, Quality loss, color changes and mould contamination are greatly influenced the quality of grape beverage. Limiting or preventing the growth of undesirable microbial flora in grape juice for the inhibition of alcoholic fermentation is one of the main goal of preservation. The present work was to investigate the effects of preservatives such as sodium benzoate, potassium meta bisulphite and combination of both (potassium meta bisulphite + sodium benzoate) in grape juice preservation.

Group testing involves more than one unit with simple-test for cost effectiveness. The study constructs a maximum likelihood estimator of a rare disease in plants based on group testing framework. The properties of the estimator, bias, MSE, and asymptotic variance are also discussed. The procedure is viable if the group size is relatively small but as the group size increases the estimator is relatively poor.

Chennai floods 2015 show the vulnerabilities that arise from the neglect of urban planning. The sights have taken residents of the city to devastating times when boats plied on the roads. It may have evoked memories of the river’s channels-and other water bodies. Ironically, Chennai has lost most – if not all of the water bodies of old. Media reports quoting the National Institute of Disaster management pointed out that Chennai had about 650 water bodies, including lakes, ponds and storage tanks till about two decades ago; today it has less than 30.

A simple, precise, rapid and accurate reverse phase HPLC method was developed for the estimation of alvimopan in bulk and capsule dosage form. A column of Altima 150mm x 4.6 mm, 5µ was used. The mobile phase comprises of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate buffer and acetonitrile in the ratio of 60:40 (v/v). The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min and the effluents were monitored at 260 nm. The retention time was found to be 4.001. The detection concentration was linear over 30-180ppm.Regression equation of alvimopan was found to be y = 6065.6x + 795.43with regression co-efficient 0.999.

Parental conflict distracts the task of parenting. Tribal family system involves with biological parents in parenting. The study is conducted in Quetta, Balochistan in order to find out the behavior of parents, the role of family and the behavior of female child influenced by parental conflict. Total hundred girls from twelve to eighteen years old are taken to find the response or data from two towns. The data reveals that traditional system of paternal in-laws involved in the mother’s role of familial taskscauses parental conflict.

Standardization is the process of developing and agreeing upon technical standards. A standard is a document that establishes uniform engineering or technical specification, criteria, methods, processes or practices. Many drugs are described in Ayurvedic classical texts for the treatment of various disorders. Kapha Ketu Rasis one such Kharaliya Rasayana mentioned in Rasa Yoga Sagara indicated in Pinasa1. Shankha (conch shell), Tankana (Borax), Vatsanabha (Aconitum Ferox), and Pippali (Piper longum) are the main ingridients.

The present work describes the chemical and nutraceutical study of Ramaria flava, a wild and edible mushroom collected inHidalgo state, Mexico. Reductive power, antioxidant activity, total phenolic compounds content, ß-glucans, phenolic acids (cinnamic, gallic and chlorogenic) in microwave-assisted methanol-water extracts as well as in acidic and alkaline extracts are described. Isolation and identification of sterol as a secondary metabolite of R. flavais reported, not previously described for this species in Mexico.

This study investigated the fish fauna and species abundance of Oguta Lake in Imo state, Nigeria. Three sampling stations were selected based on factors such as depth, volume of water, accessibility and the various activities taking place in and around the lake. Fish samples were collected from three sampling stations for seven months. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant difference (p < 0.05) in the piscifaunal overall density in the three stations. Six families composed of eleven species were recorded.

Nickel deposition has been widely studied and much work has been devoted to the mechanism of the deposition process.In the present paper, we review studies of the electrode position of nickel and nickel based alloys in aqueous solution over the last two decades, which have built on the extensive pioneering work of DiBari, Evans, Bockris, Matulis, Heusler, Weil, and Ives and many others. The aim is to highlight new, and interesting, developments in nickel electrode position.

Ariyalur is an administrative in the state of Tamil Nadu. Many industries like cement and mining industries are located in and around this area. A total ground water samples were collected in and around Udayarpalayam Taluk in Ariyalur district. The samples were analysed in order to find out pollution impact. The Physico-Chemical parameters analyses pH, EC, TDS, TH, Ca, Mg, Cl, CO3, HCO3, DO, COD and BOD were determined and the results were compared with the World Health Organisation (WHO 2011) standard values.

To assess the level of mental toughness and to compare the factors of mental toughness among the athletes of different sports like, water polo, swimming and diving. Methodology: For the purpose of the study 33 swimmers (both and male and female), 31 water polo players (male) and 22 divers (both male and female) from All India Inter-University held at Amritsar, Punjab, 2013 were selected. The age of the athletes were ranging from 17 to 25 year of age.

Elevational treeline change for different subalpine species over the past 100 years was assessed in the Kebnekaise-area of northern Swedish Lapland. The concerned species were mountain birch (Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii), rowan (Sorbus aucuparia), aspen (Populus tremula) and bird cherry (Prunus padus). The methodology relied on older published field measurements, checked for reliability by tree ring analyses, and compared with present-day assessments of uppermost tree growth at the same locations. All species showed various degrees of up shifts.

Chassis and other body parts of sports cars must be rigid, strong but made of light-weight materials. Chassis in modern sports cars are designed with Computer Aided Design (CAD) Technology which aids in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design to obtain highly specialized curvatures capable of running stress simulations. Frameworks of the modern sports cars utilize monocoque structural skin which is a structural system in which loads are supported by the external skin.

The present study aimed at assessing the level of mental alertness and self-esteem among underprivileged Students. The sample consisted of 100 underprivileged students selected purposively from secondary schools of Kalaburgi and Bidar districts of Hyderabad Karnataka. A set of questionnaires of mental alertness and self-esteem was used. The data analyzed using paired t-test. The result revealed that there was a significant difference in mental alertness and self-esteem i.e. before and after intervention. The interpretation and summary pertaining to the study were discussed.

The study focused on the town where the traffic congestion occur due to the railway crossing and other alternative to minimised problem. Chhapi is a main town surrounding area so the approach road which connect the SH 41 is only the way where railway crossing is there. So, the many people have problem occur due to crossing likewise traffic congestion, pollution, delay, fuel consumption etc.

The tribal communities are known for its conformity in dressing. In absence of authentic documentation on the textile and costume of each tribe of Tripura, not much has been written on this subject. An ethnographic research is done on to study the traditional and contemporary textiles and costume of the tribal women of Tripura. The tribal women weave their traditional textiles on a loin loom and drape their costume in similar ways. There are about nineteen different tribes living in Tripura.

Climate change is a serious environmental concern not only at global level but regional and local level too. It is primarily caused by the increasing up of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere due to increase negative human interference to the environment which cause impact on the changes in temperature, precipitation, increase the rate of melting glaciers, increase in sea level is an emerging issue. Water is an essential resource to maintain ecological balance, sustain livelihood and economy.

Dairying in Bangladesh is generally characterized by small scale, widely dispersed and unorganized milk animal holders, low productivity, lack of assured year-round remunerative producer price for raw milk, inadequate basic infrastructure for provision of production inputs, services and above all lack of professional management practices.

Introduction: Thalassemia is one of the heterogenic groups of inherited anemia which occurs mainly dueto mutation in the gene related to the synthesis of hemoglobin beta- chains. Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluateserumlipid profile andferritin levels in β- thalassemia trait (BTT) and compare them with that ofage and sex matched controls. Methodology: Totally 120 young adults were selected for the study, in which 60 wereBTT and other 60 were healthy controls. Serum lipid profile was analyzed using ERBA kit and serum ferritin was estimated withMeril Diagnostic kit.

Development of hybrids in bitter gourd is expensive because of hand-pollination but utilization of gynoecy is economical and easier for exploiting hybrid vigour. The study aim to develop gynoecious line of Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) by isolating, selfing and evaluating selfed progenies from original population and to maintain the line by chemicals like Silver Nitrate (AgNO3), Gibberellic Acid (GA) and Silver Thiosulphate (Ag(S2O2)2) to induce male (Staminated) flower for selfing.

Framing Human Resource policies based on the career stage of an employee is one of the challenges for the policy makers. This study intends to understand the career stage of an employee along with understanding impact of career stage of an employee with respect to the sectors in which they are working.Do employees aspire differently depending on the sectors they are working? For this propose two mutually exclusive and different sectors were selected to carry out the study.

The kinetics of oxidation of Niacin by sodium-N-chlorobenzenesulphonamide (CAB) has been studied in HCl medium with Ru (III) as catalyst at 303 K. The reaction rate shows first order dependence on both [substrate] and [oxidant], fractional order dependence on [Ru (III)] and inverse fractional order on both [HCl] and [BSA]. Addition of halide ions, variation of ionic strength and dielectric constant of the medium do not have any significant effect on the rate of reaction. The activation parameters of the reaction have been computed from the Arrhenius plot.

Background: Fasciola hepatica is a parasite of herbivorous animals (sheep, goat, and cattle), living in the biliary passages of the liver and it also infects humans. Fasciola gigantica is the largest of human liver and lung flukes. Both of these parasitic flat worms cause the disease termed fasciolosis or fascioliasis in herbivorous animals as well as in humans. The prevalence of Fasciola gigantica does overlap with that of Fasciola hepatica.

In this work we present the prototype and proof of concept of automated water distribution system in irrigation. The system is capable of displaying greenhouse and irrigation scheduling parameters. Irrigation can wirelessly be automated by the sensor node by activating irrigation based on sensor values and predefined irrigation parameters. Our Irrigation system try to make the use of water efficiently. Use of IoT will help us to automate the system and Machine Learning will help system to decide amount of water needed depending upon various factors.

Situated on the south-eastern coast of Indian subcontinent the district of Kendrapara occupies a prominent place in the history of folk dances of India. It is the cradle of many folk-dances of Odisha. Folk dances were generally patronised by the rulers, Zamindars as well as by the affluent sections of the society. Even today most of the villages in the district have Akhada Ghars which maintain the musical instruments and equipments and serve as the place of rehearsal organised by the locally recruited Gurus (teachers).

Probiotics are live microorganisms which when consumed in sufficient amounts are beneficial for human health. Lactobacillus acidophilus is a type of beneficial bacteria that has been studied extensively, for its beneficial properties. The survival and viability of probiotic bacteria is often low under simulated conditions of gastrointestinal tract which increases the chances of potential pathogens to dominate and cause infection. Among several methods that increase the survival of probiotics, Encapsulation serves the most rational technique.

Two artificial methods, which affect the ionosphere, including physical and chemical, are studied in this paper. In this paper, we summarize the physical methods and the chemical methods of chemical ionization, such as the influence of different nuclear explosion types on the ionosphere, the ionospheric thermal effect of rocket launching, the influence of high-power radio heating on the ionosphere. World scholars’ researches on the human impact ionosphere research process and progress is systematically summarized too.

Objectives: This study aims to determine the correlations between the muscle strengths of the trunk and the balance in handball players. Methods: We tested forty-one female athletes divided in three age groups. Ten subjects were 16 years old, seventeen subjects were 14 years old and fourteen subjects were 12 years old. We measured the weight, muscle strengths of the trunk (frontal and sagittal) and the overall balance. For the twenty-four correlations between these variables by age group, the values of r were between 0% and 0.57%.

This paper synthesizes the data gathered by the IDRC- funded Agri-Food Systems Project; and the McKnight Foundation-funded Scaling Up Project implemented by Bunda College of Agriculture to examine leading ideas underlying efforts to improve productivity of the agro-ecosystems in Malawi. The political ecology framework has been used to locate the actors, their power and interests that underlie resource allocation, extension and research on agricultural productivity.

It has been determined that when mass forces at plane deformation state aren’t considered strain situation at any one-communication area of initial strain viscous –elastic medium depending on the given boundary conditions and its form doesn’t depend in mechanical properties of the material. Plane strain situation of viscous-elastic medium has been determined when boundary conditions obviously depend on time.

Ganjam is the largest district of Odisha. According to the British administrators it was the most beautiful district of Madras Presidency. Being the meeting place of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, with delightful assimilations from the fascinating life style of the tribals, the district serves as the cultural bridge between the Dravidian culture of South and Aryan culture of North. The tourist spots of district are full of scenic beauties. But many of them have not yet received the publicity they deserve.

Food fortification and food value addition with functional foods are continued to be an important tool, not only to promote a general state of wellbeing in different populations, but also to prevent diseases. Time dependent optimal nutrition support and energy production after severe illness becomes increasingly protein dependent (1.5g–2.0g/kg of body weight), also prevents malnutrition and specific nutrient deficiencies.

Carbon nano materials are superb materials for photovoltaic solar cells: they are Earth-abundant, possess high optical absorption, and better-quality thermal and photostability. Carbon, one of the few elements recognized since antiquity, holds outstanding potential as a material for solar cells. It’s abundant in the Earth’s crust (~0.2 wt. %), it can be found in Nature in its fundamental form as graphite, diamond and coal, and it is extensively used technologically with a production on documentation among other elements of 9 Gt/year.

Sonchus oleraceus is a wild herb that grow after the rainy season in Sudan. Chemical analysis of the herb led to the isolation of two antioxidant compounds. The ethyl acetate extract showed 89% RSA with DPPH (1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl). 30 gms of the ethyl acetate extract were separated into 12 -fractions with column chromatography. Purification of fraction 1 led to isolation and identification of two compounds. The solvent mixture for fraction one separation was (chloroform: ethyl acetate) 40:60.

In terms Indexing refractionis an important parameter in studying the characteristics of liquids. In this study the characteristic variation in the indexing of refraction of homemade pure virgin coconut Oil is done with a spectrometer and a hollow liquid prism, when locally available palm oil is added to it as an adulterant. Expected value is calculated at an interval of 5% and Graph is drawn giving regression to the mean value R² = 1. Different samples of coconut oil are collected from the local market.

The selection of genotypes with disease resistant and high grain yield is the most important task for successful adoption of wheat varieties in Terai regions of Nepal. Among the major foliar diseases, spot blotch caused by Bipolaris sarokiniana is the most destructive disease affecting from seedling to maturity stage of the wheat crop. The objective of this study was to identify spot blotch disease resistant and high yielding wheat genotypes.

Intestinal parasitic diseases have remained endemic in rural communities of developing countries with significant economic and public health consequences. The study determined the prevalence of intestinal protozoan parasites infestation of fruits, in Jalingo markets of Taraba State, Nigeria. Five (5) different types of fruits from five markets were sampled. A total of four hundred and fifty samples (450) were examined using sedimentation method.

Background: The graduate medical students often get less opportunity for clarifying their doubts and to reinforce their concepts after lecture classes. Students forget much of what they learn, therefore students could benefit from learning strategies that yield long-lasting knowledge. In this study we studied the value of multiple choice tests with no test (control) to determine their value as aids to retention learning. Aims and objectives • To assess if post lecture multiple choice question test helps retention learning.

Actually, how long have people been active in science? The answer is the same for both women and men as long as we have been human. One of the defining marks of humanity is our ability to affect and predict our environment. Science, technology, and mathematics all have been part of our human progress, through every step of our path to the present. Women and men together have researched and solved each emerging need. Women Symbolize 'Prakriti' means 'Nature' in Indian Philosophy. She creates and nurtures the creation to bloom. She signifies 'sakti' - the power that drives the system.

Background: The incidence and risk factor profile of stroke patients are known to differ for different populations. This information is important in order to address the impact of stroke. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and risk factor profile of a Palestinian stroke sample from Hebron - Palestine. Methods: A descriptive, case-controlled study was used to collect the data from a consecutively recruited sample of 139 first-ever stroke patients and from a randomly selected sample of 153 controls.

Giant cell tumor (GCT) of the bone is an uncommon neoplasm that accounts for about 4% of all primary bone tumors. GCT most frequently occurs at the end of long bones. GCT in spine (above sacrum) is a rare presentation. We present here a case of 30 years old female who presented with complaints of progressive weakness in bilateral lower limbs with the involvement of bladder and bowel. MRI showed collapse of D4 vertebral body. Biopsy was taken from thoracic vertebra. Histopathological examination revealed the presence of Giant Cell tumor in thoracic spine, which is a rare presentation.

Arundhati Roy, a Booker Prize winner for her first novel The God of Small Things, has occupied a place among the contemporary literary prominent figures like Salman Rushdie, Bharti Mukherjee, V.S.Naipaul, Amitav Ghosh, Vikram Seth and Rohinton Mistry. Roy as a social activist and reformer depicts our degenerated present – a reflection of our political corruption, Dalit subjugation and complexity of women’s situation, hollow promises and fractured vision. Roy has profound social concerns and she depicts this crude reality with extraordinary linguistic inventiveness.

Impatiens are commonly known as ‘Balsams’ (Jewel weeds). Impatiens L. is one of the largest genera of flowering plants. Among 850 species found in the tropics and north temperate regions. 86 species reported from the Western Ghats, 76 are found to be endemic. Bryophyte, wild Impatiens and some Pteridophytes are more sensitive environmental indicators. They survive well in adjoining fresh water seeping habitat. Endemic plants association depend one another to maintain their micro climate and ecosystem. So neighborhood population study helps to conserve endemic plants.

Today’s classrooms are often equipped with computers, access to the internet and projectors that allow the role of teachers to move from a traditional one to that of facilitator in the classroom. Teaching no longer centres around the transfer of knowledge from teacher to student; learning comes from student inquiry, critical thinking, and problem solving based on information accessed from a variety of sources. Increased demand is therefore being placed on educational institutions to use ICT to teach the skills and knowledge that students need for the 21st century.

The teaching of medicine in Portugal began in Monastery of Santa Cruz in Coimbra, in the 12th century, through the teaching of members of religious orders. In the 13th century, the medical education started to be carried out in Lisbon, in EstudoGeral, until the construction of the Hospital of Todos-os-Santos in the 15th century. Almost at the same time, it was created the brotherhood of NossaSenhora da Mesericórdia.

Background: The chances of developing diabetic may depend on a mix of genes, lifestyle and environmental factors. The objective of this study is modeling time-to-recovery of adult diabetic patients in a comparison of Cox-proportional hazard and shared gamma frailty models. Methods: A retrospective data was obtained from Jimma University Specialized Hospital diabetic patient clinic. All diabetic patients 18 years of age and who are under treatments in between September 2010 and August 2013 are included in the study.

The paper intends to throw light on critical analysis in detail and its effect on slavery, racism and feminism. The paper will also examine the contribution of the novelist, Alice Walker in her works "The Color Purple" and "Meridian." This paper is a brief survey of the selected texts of Alice Walker from the entire canon of Afro-American. The objective of this survey is to bring to light the psychological aspects which explore the real agony in the minds of the people under slavery, racism and women’s struggle.

Based on the neo-realist approach developed by Joseph Grieco, the aim is to explain the strategic interests of Brazil, Germany, India and Japan with the creation of the G4 and the main obstacles to the group’s success. The main argument indicates that these states defend the preservation of the UNSC’s effectiveness and functionality to deal with challenges to international security and peace, not the Council’s effective democratization. They saw in G4 the opportunity to pressure for a common interest of the four states: the UNSC reform.

In the context of a study on multiaxial criteria for aluminum alloy welded structures 6000, biaxial tests are carried out on equivalent structures (simulated ZAT) in the field of fatigue with a large number of cycles. Critical plan criteria and global criteria are verified using the Castem 2000 code. The predictions compared with the experimental results show that some criteria work better for certain types of loading. Global criteria seem to give better predictions than critical plan criteria.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is a government social scheme launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in order to address the gender imbalance and discrimination against girl child in the Indian society. This scheme was launched by the Prime Minister on 22nd of January in 2015 at Panipat, Haryana on Thursday. This scheme is to aware people about the importance of girls in the society. It is to increase awareness among common people to save the lives of girl child by completely removing the female foeticide.

Construction is a complex industry and its performance determines profitability. Performance of any construction project refers to attainments of its construction within specified time and cost with maintaining safety and quality. The objective of this research is to assess the impact of performance on profitability of small hydropower projects in Nepal. Two projects namely, Upper Hugdi Khola Hydropower Project and Bijaypur Khola Hydropower Project were considered for detail cost performance, schedule performance and profitability analysis.

This paper evaluates and provides an integrated literature review of the flow of investment and the analysis of the distribution and allocation of the inflow of FDI in Ghana’s economy. By considering FDI growth, export and import of merchandise trade, it was realized that, Ghana’s international trade contribution to the world’s development seems to be insignificant and majority of the country’s export goes to the European market.

This study is aiming to find the assessment process implemented by Islamic Education Teacher in Islamic Junior High School Darussalam Bermi Babussalam, Gerung, West Lombok. The study concentrates on; How do Islamic education teachers develop and implement assessment instrument on cognitive, psychomotor, and authentic aspect? The qualitative approach in this study covers some of data collection method; (1) pre-fieldwork, (2) fieldwork, and (3) intensive analysis. Includes: observation, questionnaire, interview, and documentation.

Human resources have become the key source of competitive advantage for the organizations that strive in challenging environments. In order to retain and satisfy their employees, organizations should design their human resource (HR) functions and practices consistent with the expectations of their employees. In this sense, organizational commitment of employees has become very important for especially retaining the employees in the organization.

The best type of salt are manufactured in Odisha. It has a flourishing tradition of salt manufacture during the British period. Its soil, impregnated with the saline particles as far as the spring tides reach during the dry seasons was singularly well fitted for the manufacture of salt. The salt lands in the calciferous tract of Odisha possessed unique natural qualities for salt production. The methods of salt manufacture prevalent in Odisha can be classified under two main processes viz. panga and karkatch. In the panga process salt was obtained by boiling concentrated sea water.

The randomized control trial was conducted at Autistic Center Nonthaburi, Nonthaburi province. From both the Sensory Features for treatment in Autistic Spectrum Disorder Questionnaire in statistical improvement was detected for conduct problem in social-emotional reciprocity such lack of showing and directing attention, lack of offering to share, and use of other’s body to communicate.

Organizations exist on the basis of continuing businesses and they do so because of their ability to serve customers and find solutions to their problems. This is a dynamic situation because the organizations go through the vicissitudes of the changing business environment making them more and more demanding. The organizations cannot remain static and so they continuously evolve to face the realities of the environment. This depends on the organizational resources and their approach to problem solving.

This study attempted to evaluate social progress in a rural setting taking Alkumur as a case study. This study used both scenery and primary data. The secondary data obtained from (UNDP) study for all countries of the world in 2016. The SPI was estimated as 46% from Alkumur data. This is higher than Sudan national Figure by 16 points. The SPI was also calculated from primary data through questioner conducted in Alkumur village 2017. Fifty-three indicators were used and proxied to provide an interval estimate of SPI in the range (22, 54) which includes the point estimate of 38%.

Child labour has become a big problem in India. It is no doubt a socio-economic problem. A national survey had shown that more than 16 million children between eight to fourteen are largely appointed in the informal sector, like restaurants, tea stall, motor garages etc. The main objective of the paper are: 1. To find out the factor of motivation for being engaged in such occupation, their prior status. 2. To explain the co-relation between their Socio-economic characteristics and their nature of the job and their working and living conditions. 3.

Remediation is a device that consists in providing the learner with new learning activities to enable him / her to fill the gaps diagnosed during a formative evaluation. The study we conducted aims to analyze the added value of this educational remediation in reading in the consolidation of academic achievements in spelling. It is based on the assumption that teacher remediation in reading as it is done by teachers, does not consolidate the achievements in the spelling of learners.

The Small and Medium sized enterprises are considered as the power driving many countries’ economies. It has been argued that SMEs are the lifeblood of most economies around the world and any government cannot afford to ignore the sector. Access to financial capital can be a critical factor for the success of SMEs, particularly in their early years. A recent Central bank of Kenya (CBK) survey shows these SMEs topped the list of biggest loan defaulters in the first quarter of 2015.

Aim of study: The objective of the study was to assess the retrospective observational comparative study on drug utilization of proton pump inhibitors Vs H2 receptor blockers. Methodology: 150 patients are included in this study. All the patients were undergoing Proton Pump Inhibitors and H-2 receptor blockers therapy and/or co – morbidities were included in the study. The study was conducted in the General Medicine Unit (IPD), Intensive Care Unit, Surgery, Orthopedic and all other departments in a multispecialty tertiary care hospital.

In developing countries, women at reproductive ages neither receive the appropriate assistance from the Health Systems and in some countries nor during pregnancy. One of the most important points, is the lack of reliable information about the origin and number and cause of death that would allow to design strategies to their decrease. There were analyzed the Statistical Informs of Hospital Admission of all the female death into reproductive age defined as between 10 and 49 years old.

The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge regarding first aid management among 30 Zilla Parishad High school teachers. In pre-test knowledge scores of teachers is Mean, 18.27 and Standard deviation 4.544037397. in post-test knowledge score of teachers is Mean 28.67 and Standard Deviation was 3.744728.. The comparison of pre-test and post- test parameters showed significant improvement of knowledge regarding first aid management Paired t value in pre-test and post-teat knowledge of teachers is 1.01836, which is significant at 0.05 levels.

Dental implants have become a mainstay for restoring teeth that have been lost over the last few decades. Eventhough suc¬cess rates in implant dentistry are well above 90 percent, complications do occur. Most complications are preventable with proper diagnosis, treatment planning and execu¬tion. Other complications are inherent to the risks of surgery and may require intervention. The purpose of this paper is to classify the possible complications that may occur and to discuss their prevention and management.

Ayurveda is one of the most ancient medical science among the world. It describes the conceptual study of different disease with reference to its own principles and approaches. According, to the Ayurveda ‘sthoulya’ is described by different acharya’s in their own way and charakacharya has described sthoulya among the ‘ashtaninditiyapurusha’, ‘santarpanjanyarogas’. Obesity is the most common metabolic disorder found in the recent years.Commonly the obesity due to lack of exercise and excessive intake of fatty foods.

In the present research work PROPAFENONE an anti-arrhythmia agent was selected for the formulation and preparation of transdermal patches as a model drug, using HPMC-15 cps and Methocel K100 as release controlling agents from patches along with sodium alginate are used. Transdermal patches were prepared using HPMC-15cps from trials T-1 to t-5, in which concentrations of HPMC-15 cps used in increasing concentrations. Similarly same in case of trials T6 to T10 was used with Methocel K 100. In-house films were taken for in-vitro evaluation tests and found to be 109 mg to 365 mg.

Background: Serum albumin is negative acute phase protein and might be the practical marker of general health status of patient. Albumin concentration is associated with nutritional and inflammatory status of individual. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by bacterial infection of periodontium. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal health status and serum albumin levels. Material and Methods: Total 100 subjects irrespective of gender, with age range of 40–70 years were included in the study.

The failure of testicular descent or crptorchidism is the most common defect in newborn boys. It often escapes attention of health workers & parents who probably notice it but fail to seek timely advice. We report a case of Bilateral undescended testis presenting as intra abdominal tumor a NSGCT in an adult fertile male. He was investigated, Tumor removed and referred for Chemotherapy. The case also establishes need for proper clinical examination while examining a case of intra abdominal lump.

Achyranthes aspera & Calotropis gigantean plant are used in folklore medicines for a number of ailments. The freshly collected leaves of above plants were screened. Shade dried & firstly defatted with petroleum ether & then ethanol respectively and the leaf extracts were subjected to various physicochemical studies. The percentage yield of both plant of extract was (5.1%) for Calotropis gigantean & (5.25%) for Achyranthes aspera obtained with ethanol. The obtained extracts separately & in combination were used to carry out anti-inflammatory action.

Oils may be animal, vegetable, or petrochemical in origin, and may be volatile or non-volatile. Fixed or volatile oil extracted from plants contain various phytochemicals that are used for treatment of various diseases. Physiologically fixed oils are emollients and demulcents and have nutritional value. Sometimes oils obtained from different plant species are also used for treating snake bite victims by the tribal people. In the present paper seed oils properties, their general extraction methods with reference to snake bite envenomation treatment is discussed.

Tuberculosis continues to be an important public health problem in India and globally. Drug resistance, especially multi-drug resistance to antituberculous drugs and co-infection of human immunodeficiency virus with mycobacteria are the two most important hurdles in the management of tuberculosis. In this study, we isolated and identified mycobacteria from clinical specimens of patients with tuberculosis using conventional methods and tested their drug susceptibility using the proportion method on Lowenstein-Jensen (LJ) medium.

Chronic myeloid leukemia used to think as an old type of leukemia, but nowadays any age can get it, it has many reasons but all lead to colonial proliferation of white blood cells (granulocyte mainly) with translocation between chromosome 9 and 22 giving rise a new one called Philadelphia chromosome, which is responsible for abnormal proliferation of myeloid cells. In Khartoum state, an oncology and nuclear medicine hospital is considered as a main treatment center for all kinds of cancer.

Ibopamine is currently used in Ophthalmology. Its action is on both adrenergic and dopaminergic receptors. The adrenergic receptors cause a marked mydriasis without accommodative paralysis, while the dopaminergic receptors increase the production of aqueous humor. Ibopamine may be useful for diagnostic purposes in Ophthalmology. This review article focuses on presenting the most intriguing evidence on ibopamine.

Background: Tobacco is the most important preventable cause of death among adults. The world health organization estimates that world wide 5 million deaths are caused prematurely by smoking every year. The number is expected to increase to 10 million by 2010. A total of 100 million lives were lost due to smoking in the 20th centaury and if the current trend continues about a billion deaths would occur due to smoking in 21st centaury Aim: To assess the prevalence of smoking habit among the undergraduate and post graduate male students in selected area of Lucknow.

Introduction: Cataract surgery incisions have been known to influence astigmatism. It has been found by keratometric measurement, the degree of induced astigmatism was significantly less in superolateral compared to superior incision and the variability of astigmatism was also less. In view of this, we have made an effort to compare the astigmatism following conventional superior scleral incision and superotemporal scleral incision with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.

Introduction: Cataract surgery incisions have been known to influence astigmatism. It has been found by keratometric measurement, the degree of induced astigmatism was significantly less in superolateral compared to superior incision and the variability of astigmatism was also less. In view of this, we have made an effort to compare the astigmatism following conventional superior scleral incision and superotemporal scleral incision with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation.

Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by severe learning difficulties,ataxia, a seizure disorder with a characteristic EEG, subtle dysmorphic facial features, and a happy,sociable disposition and a behavioral uniqueness. Children with AS shows oral manifestations like tongue thrusting, diastema, mandibular prognathism, frequent drooling and excessive chewing behavior.This case report elaborates a child patient of 5 yrs old suffering from AS who reported to the clinics with a chief complain of pain and decayed teeth.

Quality metricsare essential metrics for any pharmaceutical industry and assuring customers/patients are provided with safety/identity/strength/purity/quality drug products with zero defect. Pharmaceutical quality metrics identification is complex, involving numerous metrics that influence the performance of a pharmaceutical quality system. Pharmaceutical quality metrics are paramount established Real-Time Governance and visualization of deteriorated quality trends to the senior management.

This paper describes and demonstrates pharmaceutical quality dashboard, is a visual display of the pharmaceutical industry critical quality metrics information to steer industry to meet quality vision and overall performance of your firm, set objectives, consolidated and arranged in a single frame so that the quality metrics can be monitored effectively by senior management at a glance and promoting transparence throughout the organization. Despite the availability of robust quality systems in-place and in-use, it does not mitigate quality risk and non-compliances.

Serum high sensitive – C reactive protein is a non specific inflammatory marker. Asthma and Coronary artery disease are associated with inflammation. In condition of asthma, oxygen level in the body decreases so heart pressure would increase to supply oxygen to all over the body. This heart pressure can lead to create heart disease. In this phenomenon, IL-6 releases which stimulate the production of hs-CRP. Thus this review discusses the Role of hs-CRP in Asthma and Coronary artery disease – a non-specific inflammatory marker.

Objectives: To evaluate Clinical profile in H1N1 positive patients and effectiveness of Oseltamivir started within 48 hours and after 48 hours of onset of symptoms in H1N1 positive patients. Materials and methods: A retrospective study from Indoor cases of H1N1 positive patients (Total 141), were collected from the medical record section of Sir Takhatsinhji general hospital, Bhavnagar and scrutinized. H1N1 positive (category C; RT-PCR confirmed) patients admitted from June 2014 to April 2015 were included in the study.

Aims/purpose: Adolescents are a rich human resource and an important part of the development process. Good health of adolescents will help in raising the health status of the community.

Objective: This research aimed to determine the efficacy of Bi-Parietal Diameter (BPD) by ultrasound in estimating the Gestational Age (GA) compared to GA by Naegele’s rule using Last menstrual period (LMP) date. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective observational study of women with a normal spontaneously conceived viable singleton pregnancy, a regular menstrual cycles, and spontaneous onset of labor at term. The LMP was considered certain in all cases. We used ultrasound to scan 2067 fetuses (894 healthy women) and we had 1586Bi-Parietal Diameter (BPD) measurements.

Cherubism is a rare autosomal-dominant inherited syndrome and is usually self-limiting. It starts in early childhood and involutes by puberty. It is a benign fibroosseous disease, characterized by excessive bone degradation of jaws followed by development of fibrous tissue masses. The purpose of this clinical report is to describe a rare and aggressive form of cherubism on a patient that has been treated by gingivectomy and gingivoplasty to correct the gingival defects and the bone defect was allowed to correct by itself to increase the patient’s quality of life.

Background and Objective: The objective of the study was to identify the predominant oral microbes associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma in their pre and post radiotherapeutic status. Materials and Methods: A total no of 40 patients were selected, having squamous cell carcinoma and not receiving any treatment. Swabs are collected from the ulcerated area and microbiological evaluation was performed. Swabs were again collected from the same patient receiving radiotherapy as treatment modality just one month ago. The microbes were identified by gram stain and biochemical test.

Aim: Evaluation and comparison of the transverse strength of three provisionalfixed partial dental prostheses materials of different chemical composition with varying thickness. Material and Methods: Total ninety samples of three different sizes (35mm x10mm x1mm; 35mm x10mm x1.5mm; and 35mm x10mm x2mm) were fabricated in three provisional fixed partial dental prostheses materials of different chemical composition (Revotek LC, Protemp 3, and DPI PMMAresin). All the samples were stored at room temperature for twenty-four hours in artificial saliva before testing.

ZadiZaourou and Jean-Marie Adiaffi are part of the new generation of Negro-African writers who use the subversion of the French language to found their existence. This generation proceeds by morphosyntactic distortion and lexical "hybridization" to convey their ideology. The study shows that the deconstruction of linguistic norms is characterized by a constancy, by a morphological and structural heterogeneity in the works.

Dengue is considered globally as the most concerning mosquito borne arboviral disease in terms of morbidity and mortality that places a significant socioeconomic and disease burden on many tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Till date, there is no specific treatment which is accepted for dengue fever in Modern Medicine. In Ayurveda, dengue fever can be correlated with Visham Jwara. Various formulations have been mentioned in Jwara Prakaran and also tried, scientifically validated and documented by modern researchers, showing evidence of efficacy.

Background: Some viruses, such as rubella and human cytomegalovirus, are known to cross the placental barrier and infect the fetus. In other cases of maternal viral infections, such as herpes simplex, evidence for transplacental passage is less convincing and fetal damage or neonatal disease may be coincidental or associated with prenatal infection.

76 patient was included in this study, 48 female and 28 male, 62 patient was in phase 2 and 14 patient in phase 1. The age of the patients ranging from 43 – 71 year. All patients were idiopathic i.e (no associated disease). All the patients were examined by active and passive movements of the affected shoulder joint.The diagnosis of frozen shoulder was made depending on history, examination and X-Ray was taken to reveal out other pathology.

The availability of potent combination of antiretroviral regimens has resulted in a dramatic reduction in HIV-1 associated morbidity and mortality in the developed world. However, HIV infection and treatment has been associated with the development of insulin resistance, glucose intolerance and diabetes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of raltegravir (antiHIV drug) on pharmacodynamic activity of sitagliptin (antidiabetic drug) in normal and diabetic rats with respect to insulin levels. Alloxan-induced diabetic model in rats has been used in this study.

Background: Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare but potently fatal complication that occurs in the third trimester or the immediate postpartum period. It is a sudden catastrophic illness hence an obstetric emergency that is associated with a higher maternal and fetal mortality if diagnosis is hampered. Objectives: The aim of this study is to explore potential risk factors influencing fetal outcome and survival.

This study aimed atpreparation of an experimental mouthwash from Siwak sticks, and compare it with the gold standard mouthwash; chlorohexidine (CHX), regarding the effectiveness on some bacteria responsible for dental plaque formation qualitatively and quantitatively. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in Makkah, Faculty of dentistry, Umm Al-Qura University. Twenty female patients with gingivitis and/or periodontitis, aged 20-40 years, systemically free were selected. An aqueous extract of Miswak was prepared by grinding Siwak sticks.

Cementoblastoma is a true cemental neoplasm characterized by proliferation of cementum-like tissue and in almost all cases tends to be associated with an erupted permanent tooth, most often the first molar. The lesion appears as a well defined bulbous periapical radiopacity with a well-defined radiolucent band with intact crown, external resorption of its roots and amorphous pattern of the trabeculae. Because of the characteristics of cementoblastoma, the CBCT images are a resource of fundamental importance for evaluation of pathognomonic features.

The main objective of drug delivery system to the eye is to improve existing ocular dosage forms and exploit newer drug delivery system for improving the therapeutic efficiency.

Introduction: Congenital TalipesEquino Varus (CTEV) is a commonly seen complex congenital deformity of the foot, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 1000 live births. Over the past two decades, Ponseti management has become accepted throughout the world as the most effective and least expensive treatment of clubfoot. About 85% of the cases treated with the Ponseti technique require percutaneous sectioning of the tendoachilles for correction of residual equinus deformity. The sectioning of the tendoachilles is simple, effective and involves low risks.

Objectives: The safety and walkability of a school neighborhood can influence the health of children, yet few studies have attempted to quantify and compare these objectively. This paper will assess safety and walkability using total crime indices and Walk Score in three areas within Miami-Dade County, Fl. Methods: Schools in Hialeah, Pinecrest, and Miami Beach were selected based on average income levels and assessed based on total crime index and Walk Score. Using Tableau 10.4, these measures were mapped.

Background: Bilateral posteriorfracture dislocation is a rare injury when compared to unilateral anterior dislocation. It was first described in 1971 by Shaw and most of the reported cases are secondary to seizures.

Context: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an advanced MR technique that describes the movement of water molecules by using two metrics, mean diffusivity (MD), and fractional anisotropy (FA), which represent the magnitude and directionality of water diffusion, respectively. We hypothesize that alterations in these values within the tissue surrounding brain tumours reflect combinations of increased water content and tumor infiltration and that these changes can be used to differentiate high-grade gliomas from metastatic lesions.

In spite of rapid advances in the development of pharmaceutical medicines, the targeting of drugs to host macrophage, the key cell responsible for body’s defense as well as immune response against invading Leishmania parasite, the causative agent for kala-azar or leishmaniasis, still remains unexplored. Perturbation of macrophage surface by parasites leads to activate oxidative burst and signal transduction for the interaction of host-parasite i.e. macrophage with Leishmania parasite.

Background: Meningiomas are traditionally considered as benign tumours with an aggressive potential. Utilization of markers for proliferation and neoangiogenesis in combination with hormone receptor study can aid in the identification of a subset of biologically aggressive and morphologically benign tumours. Aim: The study aims at determining the potential role of Ki 67, PR and VEGF in assessing the tumour behavior. Material and Method: This observational study included 50 patients who underwent surgery for meningioma at our hospital during the period of February 2016 to July 2017.

This paper is discussed about the consortia and how it is providing a great effect on the libraries and its particular users. Journals and other E journals are though producing at high speed still for the insufficient budget a library cannot be able to procure their demanded resources. With the help of consortia it is able to disseminate the maximum information to the library users. The consortium has grown up due to budget insufficiency, demanding variety of information needs, better and effective utilization of resources.

In recent times, probiotics have been brought to notice, by a lot of researchers. The paradigm has now been shifted from the elimination of specific bacteria’s to altering the bacterial ecology of the oral cavity, all of which can be achieved by probiotics. Live micro-organisms which are resident flora of the oral cavity act as probiotics in the treatment of periodontal diseases and even beneficial for extra-oral/general health. Hence the incorporation of probiotics in the daily diet may significantly aid in reducing or delaying periodontal disease initiation/progression.

Despite rapid development in most medical branches, Psychiatry has been slow in adapting to changes and is gradually losing its footing. The areas which were previously considered under the domains of psychiatry are slowly been taken over by other branches of medical Science. This article tries to express the need of mental health professionals to be vigilant and adapting to periodic changes in medical science.

The ocular conventional formulation shows poor ocular bioavailability due to the precorneal elimination of drugs that includes rapid tear turnover, poor permealibility of drugs into the corneal membrane, naso lacrimal drainage and less residence time in the conjuctival sac. This poor ocular bioavailability need to be improved by frequent instillation of dose to achieve the therapeutic effect. Nanotechnology is one of the better approaches to overcome challenges of conventional ocular drug delivery.

An Andrews bridge takes the benefits of fixed and removable prostheses while doing away with their shortcomings. A reduced denture bulk and mucosal coverage with good retention ensures patient comfort. An Andrews bridge is also physiologically viable since it acts as a stress breaker and reduces harmful leverage forces on the abutments.The aim of the present article is to describe a case having multiple missing mandibular anterior teeth compounded by advanced horizontal and vertical bone loss, restored successfully by using fixed-removable Andrews's bridge system.

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common malignancy of the oral cavity. The prognosis and five year survival rate of OSCC has not improved over a decade. Many factors have been proposed which induce tumor formation, tumor progression and metastasis in OSCC. Mast cells have prominent role in tumor progression and metastasis. Mast cells contains proteases namely tryptase and chymase. These proteases degrade the extracellular matrix. This proteolytic activity promotes angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis.

Laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation is integral part of anaesthesia, which is associated with sudden rise in heart rate, blood pressure, intracranial tension which is harmful in patients with poor cardiac reserve. We conducted study in 150 normotensive patients of ASA 1, 2 who are divided in three equal group of 50 each.Group C, Group E, Group D received normal saline, inj esmolol 2mg/kg, and inj diltiazem. 2mg/kg respectively 3 minutes before laryngoscopy.

The pyogenic granuloma is a distinctive clinical entity originating as a response of the tissues to a non specific infection. It is of particular significance because of its common intra oral occurrence and because of its sometimes alarming clinical course. This article is a case report of such a lesion with its clinical and radiological features along with the treatment rendered with figures explaining the same.

The Lyell Syndrome is a severe toxicodermy, rare, characterized by fever, cutaneous necrosis, and epidermal desquamation in over 30% of the body, including mucositis. It is a late anaphylactic reaction caused mainly by pharmacies. The authors present a case of a woman, aged 22, VIH positive at A1 stage, medicated during 5 days, the 15 days before admission, with carbamazepine (CMZ) for a trigeminal neuralgia, admitted to the emergency room (ER) with fever (40ºc) and a generalized cutaneous rash including hand palm, oral, genital and eye mucous membranes.

Human quest for knowledge has led us to myriad of innovations in the field of science to that extent that the future era is of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is an emerging field of science dealing with the research at the nanoscale. It has been shown that the performances of many biomaterials used in prosthodontics have been significantly enhanced after their scales were reduced by nanotechnology, from micron-size into nanosize.

Background: The Mental foramen is an important landmark to facilitate local block, surgical and other dental procedures. The present study is aimed at the morphometric analysis of the mental foramen in dry adult human mandibles. Materials and Methods: Fifty dry adult human mandibles of undetermined age and sex, from the Department of Anatomy, JKKN Dental College were used for the present study. The location, shape and presence of accessory foramen were noted by visual examination. The measurements were taken using a Vernier caliper, ruler, thread and a marker.

Bio materials are those materials that are accepted by living tissues and can be used for tissue replacements. Dental implants are the most improved treatment for teeth that have been either extracted or have been ejected as a result of periodontal disease. We have engineered a “bio-implant” that provides a living PDL connection for titanium implants. The bioimplant consists of a hydroxyapatite coated titanium screw, ensheathed in cell sheets made from immortalized human periodontal cells.

Background: Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is a minimally invasive procedure for diseases of the nose and paranasal sinuses like chronic sinusitis and polypus rhinosinusitis. Intraoperative bleeding causing poor visibility of surgical field is a major concern during FESS and this may result in many complications. Controlled hypotension is a technique wherein arterial blood pressure is lowered in a deliberate but controlled manner to minimise blood loss and enhance operative field visibility.

Background: Monitored anaesthesia care (MAC) involves administration of local anaesthesia in combination with intravenous sedatives, anxiolytic and/or analgesics, which is a common practice during ENT procedures that are superficial, less invasive and can be done under local anesthesia in well counseled patients. Midazolam has been in use for MAC because of a number of beneficial effects. Recent studies suggest that α2 agonists provide adequate sedation and analgesia and also improve surgical field visibility.

Eagle’s syndrome is a condition where stylohyoid ligament gets calcified causing an elongation of the styloid process. In 1937, W. W. Eagle first summarised this disorder describ¬ing clinical findings related to an elongated styloid process. Review of literature suggests 4% of the adult population shows an elongated styloid process with 0.16% being symptomatic. It may develop inflammatory changes or impinge on the adjacent arteries or sensory nerve endings causing pain in the cervical region upon head movement.

IJMCE RECOMMENDATION

ONLINE PAYPAL PAYMENT

CURRENT ISSUE

NEWS

CHIEF EDITOR
Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil
ASSOCIATE CHIEF EDITOR

   

Jean-Marc SABATIER
Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group
France

Advantages of IJCR

  • Rapid Publishing
  • Professional publishing practices
  • Indexing in leading database
  • High level of citation
  • High Qualitiy reader base
  • High level author suport

EDITORIAL BOARD

Luai Farhan Zghair
Iraq
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Jordanian
Fredrick OJIJA
Tanzanian
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Uzbekistan
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Philippines
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Sudan
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
India
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Pakistan
Dr. SHAHERA S.PATEL
India
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
India
Dr. Recep TAS
Turkey
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Egypt
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
India
DR. PATRICK D. CERNA
Philippines
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Mexico
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Libiya
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
DR. MUHAMMAD ISMAIL MOHMAND
United State
DR. MAHESH SHIVAJI CHAVAN
India
DR. M. ARUNA
India
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Malaysia
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
India
DR. IRAM BOKHARI
Pakistan
Dr. FARHAT NAZ RAHMAN
Pakistan
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
India
Dr. ASHWANI KUMAR DUBEY
India
Dr. Ali Seidi
Iran
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Indonesia
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
India
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
France
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Pakistan
Dr. Imran Azad
Oman
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
India
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Iraq
Anam Bhatti
Malaysia
Md. Amir Hossain
Bangladesh
Ahmet İPEKÇİ
Turkey
Mirzadi Gohari
Iran