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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

December 2019

In Ethiopia different soil and water conservation technologies with different approaches have been implemented focusing on the highlands of the country where the problem is more threatening. With the aim of decreasing land degradation problems, efforts are underway on the implementation of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures. The purpose of this study is to investigate Effect of Soil and Water conservation measures on Soil property and Wheat productivity at Bore District, Southern Ethiopia.

Fungal UTI is one of the important factor in mortality and morbidity in hospitalised patients especially in paediatric population. Our study was aimed to report the prevalence of Candida spp. amongst suspected cases of fungal UTI and determine its antifungal susceptibility profile. A total of 63 (31.5%) Candida spp. were isolated out of 200 urine specimens collected from pediatric patients. In our study, Non-albicans Candida species (57.14%) were the predominant isolates compared to Candida albicans (42.86%). Non-albicans Candida demonstrated high resistance to azoles.

Episodic abuse drinking is mainly a current issue of public health with severe consequences including road accidents and the setup of alcohol dependence, causing number of diseases. A problematic alcohol use was identified among young students during their campus life. This study aims to set the following objectives, to determine the prevalence rate of hazardous drinking, alcohol dependence and to identify factors that foster this trend among students at the University of Majunga.

Objective: This research aimed to appraise and synthesis existing literature on using the “flipped learning approach in nursing education and its impact on students in the Saudi Arabia context. Design: The systematic review method was finalized from three different databases July 2019: PubMed, Psyc INFO, and Google Scholar, which contribute to the achieving of various objectives. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed with the criteria established by Buckley et al., 2009.

Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) is recognized as promoting integration of knowledge and fostering a deeper approach to life-long learning. In order to encourage health professional who joined genetic courses in our institute to integrate their genetics knowledge in a professionally relevant clinical context, we developed a PBL approach in medical genetics. This paper highlights preliminary data regarding student viewpoint about PBL Methods: n=31 Students were divided into groups of PBL groups. The participation was voluntary.

Plants named Astragalus stenocystis growing in Namangan region of the Republic of Uzbekistan were collected during the flowering period and carried out para-hydrodistillation , then identified the presence of essential oils in the composition by chromata-mass spectrometry analysis.

The United States also has the highest homicide-by-firearm rate among the world’s most developed nations. But many gun rights proponents say these statistics do not indicatea causal relationship. After a decade long decline, gun violence is increasing in many cities in the United States. Much of this increase is being attributed to the revitalization of urban street gangs. Even in Los Angeles, where overall levels of violence continue to fall, gang violence is once again rising.

A descriptive study was conducted to assess the factors affecting health care utilization and to find association of factors affecting utilization of health care services with treatment seeking behavior among population residing in selected rural community of district Faridkot. Out of 200 adults who were selected through two stage cluster random sampling technique, 127 adults (who had taken treatment for any illness)in previous year were interviewed. Research tools used were Socio-demographic data sheet and Interview schedule to assess factors affecting health care utilization.

Background: Mother-to-child transmission of HIV is a public health problem in Burkina Faso. The main objective of this study is to analyze screening test acceptance among pregnant women during their antenatal visit, the first phase of vertical prevention. Methods: The study recruited pregnant women under 32 weeks of amenorrhea who came for their antenatal visit. Results: Of 12467 pregnant women, only 3215 (25.79%) agreed to undergo HIV testing and counselling (HTC). This represents a refusal rate of 74.21% (9252/12467).

Background: “Emotional Intelligence includes the ability to engage in sophisticated information processing about one’s own and others emotions, the ability to use this information as a guide for thinking and behaviour. That is individuals high in emotional intelligence pay attention to use, understand and manage emotions and these skills serve adaptive functions that potentially benefit themselves and others”. International studies identifies that emotional intelligence influences nurses’ work and relationship with patients. It is associated with comparison and care.

Forensic odontology is a speciality that relates dental evidence to investigation. The application of forensic techniques in identification, criminal justice and dental liability is being practiced widely worldwide. There has not been substantial literature dedicated towards the upcoming branch in medical sciences that is forensic medicine despite the leaps in modern technology, medical breakthroughs and the geographical changes that the last century has seen. Periodontics is a science which deals with diseases of periodontium.

Malaria is worldwide and very common in the developing countries because it spread due to low social and economic conditions. This study was conducted in Kemissie health center, Kemissie town. The objective of the study was identifying the pattern of the prevalence of malaria infection in Kemissie town. Moreover, the study identifies the most appropriate timeseries model and estimate the parameters of the model, and forecast the expected numbers of malaria infected for 24 months Kemissie town.

Political killings, the subject of this study, raises the problem of marginalization, neglect and even trivialization of this social phenomenon. The study examines the fundamental reasons for the marginal or inadequate treatment of political killings. Indeed, why are political killings treated in a lax, even unpunished or unresolved manner?

The aim of research was the evaluation of blood clotting activity and hemostatic effect of Salvia polymers using developed set of laboratory tests and preparation of Salvia polymers with high blood clotting activity. Salvia .polymers have antibacterial effect with rapid coagulation time and local drug applied to site of bleeding to stop bleeding. Material and Method: Salvia officinalis is one of the essential herb .in this study take leaves of plant.

This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal and haemoparasites of pigs in Zuru, Kebbi State. A total of thirty-three (33) and sixty-eight (68) faecal samples from local breeds of pigs under semi-intensive system of management were collected and processed for GIT helminths and protozoa respectively. Fifty (50) blood samples were collected for haemoparasites.

The constant search for efficiency in the provision of hospital services confronts the health sector with greater challenges in terms of managing the maintenance of medical equipment. Forecasting the demand for spare parts is a complex process due to their intermittent behaviour. As part of this process, the PREDSTOCK algorithm is proposed in this manuscript to predict the stock of spare parts for medical equipment using Multiple Regression as a quantitative estimation technique.

Our study aims to characterize the cotton producers of Burkina Faso in order to assure the sustainability of their farming system. For this purpose, we carried out surveys on 90 cotton farmers established in the cotton belt located at the South-sudanian area. The investigations revealed that the access to the farm land for cotton cultivation is by inheritance. The age groups of [20-40] and [41-60] correspond to the majority of cotton producers accounting respectively for 45.83% and 50%. Furthermore, our results showed those farmers organize themselves into producer groups.

Municipal Solid Waste in the urban bodies of Himalayan states is increasing rapidly. The urban population increase and tourist influx towards hill stations have added pace to the problem of solid waste management. This exposes the eco-sensitive zones of Himalayas towards the harmful impacts of waste mismanagement on the environment. This paper involves the trend of composition and per capita waste generated in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

Ensuring the technical and economic consistency of carrying out a project with the contract that binds it to its client, in particular by respecting the deadlines set, the budget set and the technical specifications defined is the main objective of the project manager. However, he is limited in his freedom of choice by a certain number of constraints notably in terms of time, time and resources to carry out his project. The aim of this article is to design an algorithm for planning projects subject to a resource constraint.

The research was conducted in the department of Anatomy Government Medical College Srinagar. The aim of our study was to elucidate the effects of estrogen treatment on the microanatomy of Testis in male Albino rats with reference to the treatment regimen received. For this research we selected sixty male albino rats with an average weight of100gms. The animals were kept in the animal house of Government Medical College Srinagar and divided randomly into three groups.

Background & Objectives: The maxillary anterior teeth are the key elements contributing to the esthetic importance of dentofacial beauty. Over the years, guidelines for teeth selection and arrangement have been suggested. However, no universally accepted single parameter currently exists. Methodology: Interpupillary width and intercommissural width of 400 subjects of age ranging from 21-30 years were obtained. Interpupillary width, intercommissural width and combined width of maxillary anterior teeth were measured using digital vernier caliper (Mitutoyo Ltd 505-633-50).

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a restriction of movements caused by intracapsular fibrous adhesions, fibrous ankylosis and osseous ankylosis of TMJ joint. Trauma is the main cause of TMJ ankylosis. The anesthetic management of pediatric patient with TMJ ankylosis is highly difficult task because child will be anxious with limited mouth opening.

Hollow maxillary obturator prosthesis is an important treatment modality in maxillectomy patients. Reduction in the weight of the obturator is an important factor in improving the retention and stability of the prosthesis. This article describes a simple flasking technique for fabricating a closed hollow bulb obturator that achieves a uniform wall thickness of the hollow bulb.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem, both for the number of patients and cost of treatment involved. Globally, CKD is the 12th cause of death and the 17th cause of disability, respectively. For CKD patients, one of the choices to survive is haemodialysis . End Stage Renal Disease (final stage of CKD) has a significant impact upon the lives of sufferers.

Background: Several studies focused on the types of laminate porcelain veneers. This literature also highlighted on the technique of preparation and new strategies related to this subject. Objectives: the purpose of this review is to highlight on the technique of preparation and new strategies related to laminate porcelain veneers. Methodology: data was collected through the related articles published in the last ten years in Pub Med indexed journals. Conclusion: The knowledge and skills of the dentists are critical determinants of the attainment of desired treatment outcomes

Bronchial foreign body aspiration is a critical condition that jeopardizes the respiratory function of children. Prompt diagnosis and removal of the foreign body can reduce occurrence of foreign body complications and mortality. Aspiration of plastic whistles is rare, and this is difficult to retrieve. Patient concerns: An 8-year-old boy developed fever and intermittent cough after he accidentally inhaled a plastic whistle 5 months ago. Chest computed tomography scan revealed dense material with central lucencyin the right lower lobe. Diagnoses: Foreign body in the right lower lobe.

Dengue is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in tropical countries where thousands of people get infected by dengue virus. This is an observational study done on 100 dengue patients to study the different clinical symptoms, laboratory investigations and its correlation with the worsening as well as complications.

Introduction: Spinal tumors rarely occur with an incidence of 10 per 100,000 people. Neurinoma (schwannoma) and meningioma are the most common types of intraduralextramedullary tumors (IDEM). In recent years there have been a number of studies investigating the excision of IDEM tumors with hemilaminectomy. Compared with the traditional surgical approach, hemilaminectomy is relatively safer with less trauma, and helps maintain spine stability. In this study, we describe our experience of 8 cases with hemilaminectomy for IDEM tumors, along with a review of the literature.

Malaria being one of the common infections in tropical country like india, this study is based on clinical profie, complications, laboratory investigations as well as prognosis of P. FALCIPARUM malaria.

Introduction-Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiologies characterized by chronic hyperglycemia resulting from defective insulin secretion, insulin function or both. Material & Method: This was a intervention, pre and post study. All diabetic patients in the age group of 30-60 years, including both sexes and taking treatment since 5 to 10 years. Discussion: In our study a total of 17 diabetic patients in the age group of 32-60 years were studied. Comparision of fasting blood sugar pre and post intervention yielded significant finding.

Social media platforms have become a source of discussion, idea sharing and connection, fore fronting national issues that were previous undermined. This study was conducted to understand the impact of social media among youth in Uganda, especially the positive impact. Real data was collected through a questionnaire.300 youth actively participated in filling the survey, which adapts the theoretical framework of Uses and Gratification theory. From the observation, there is increasing use of social media, mainly to share information, links and entertainment.

Renal TB can lead to end-stage renal disease if not diagnosed early and treated correctly. The detection of tuberculosis infection early in life either as primary pulmonary manifestation or as an extra-pulmonary manifestation gives an important clue in a large number of cases and one has to rely on diagnostic approaches like ADA and radiological modalities. The diagnosis in our case was possible because the pleural fluid ADA and radiological injuries were compatible, despite cultures being negative.

Introduction: axillary lymph node status is one of the most significant prognostic factors that guide treatment strategy in breast cancer. Patients with advanced tumor or axillary nodal metastasis could benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) resulting in down-staging of the disease. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with axillary nodal disease is debated regarding its identification rate (IR) and false negative rate (FNR).

As the population of a city grows, so does the waste that it generates. Along with the industrial and commercial development of a city, waste management systems have to be revised according to the city's needs. Waste management is an important aspect because if not done right, it could lead to contamination and disease. The urban solid waste consists mainly of household waste and commercial waste in either solid or semi-solid form. Waste generated from households is nowadays dominated by plastic and packaging material.

The research was conducted in the department of Anatomy Government Medical College Srinagar. The aim of our study was to elucidate the effects of estrogen treatment on the microanatomy of Testis in male Albino rats with reference to the treatment regimen received. For this research we selected sixty male albino rats with an average weight of100gms. The animals were kept in the animal house of Government Medical College Srinagar and divided randomly into three groups.

Studies worldwide have revealed that physical facilities in schools invariably enhance quality education. In Kenya a lot of emphasis has been put on provision of physical facilities mainly by parents to enhance the quality of education offered. Nevertheless, performance by students in these schools has been generally low. Migori County is one of the counties that has been noted to be performing poorly in national examinations particularly at secondary school level.

Studies worldwide have revealed that teaching and learning resources invested in the school system do enhance quality of education. In Kenya quality of education is measured by students’ performance in education, availability, adequacy and utilization of resources. The extent to which teaching and learning resources influence performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education is at variance. Thus in Kenya there are differences in the quality of education as some students perform better than the others. This study was based in Migori County, Kenya.

The government of Kenya encourages Income Generating Activities in educational institutions to generate income for enhancement of the quality of education. Whereas, principals of secondary schools have embraced this approach, little was known on the actual influence of Income generating Activities on quality of secondary school education. To establish the influence of Income generating Activities on the quality of secondary school education in Kenya, Migori County was chosen as the site for the study.

The study aimed at discussing the relation between psychological burnout and some demographic variables among employees in the Sudanese university libraries in Khartoum state, the sample study was selected in a stratified random sampling composed of 150 (90 males,60 females) whom are employees in university libraries in Khartoum state.

Present era is the era of leadership of women and almost all countries in the globe started women empowerment and fostering the women leadership in political, social, economic and cultural sectors of the country. UAE is also not different from other global countries, UAE is also started movement for women empowerment by providing priory and equality in many areas like education, legislation, workforce, social, political and diplomatic sectors. The research entitled "Role of Women in leadership of UAE" is study based on the secondary sources of data only.

The Educational Standards of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are one of the most important factors to consider in transforming individuals since it tackles the empowerment of each country. In the 2018 educational ranking, only five (5) out of eleven (11) countries in the ASEAN made to top one hundred (100) these are Singapore who made to rank 1, Malaysia who made to rank 19, Indonesia who made to rank 57, the Philippines who made to rank 75, and Brunei who made to rank 100.

Background: In an effort to combine the favorable physical and mechanical properties of conventional composites with the smooth surface typical of the microfilled composites, the hybrid composites were developed. Marginal adaptation of a restoration can be assessed by measuring the amount of microleakage at the interface area, after it has undergone contraction during polymerization. Objective: The aim of the present in-vitro study was to compare and evaluate the compressive strength and microleakage in class I cavity restored with hybrid composite.

Runoff is an important element in the water cycle. The process and the amount of runoff that occurs and the factors that influence it are very necessary as a reference to determine the potential for water availability, water management, land stewardship, and runoff water utilization policies. Smart tanks are facilities that function as rainwater reservoirs for collection and utilization, infiltration, and detention of rainwater.

In ancient India Education is based on Gurukul System. There learners have to perform different creative and productive work. In Buddhist era creative and productive works are also practiced along with education. After independence the education system was reconstructed. The total structure of education should be changed. For more development in education some commission was created. Their main aim is learning through doing. Based on this concept the work education has been stated. But according to many persons art education is the substitute of work education.

Background: Despite advances in medical and surgical management of ovarian cancer, recurrence is still significant issue with secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) being considered as treatment option for carefully selected patients. Objective: To assess short term and follow up outcomes of secondary cytoreductive surgery among recurrent ovarian cancer patients. Patients and Method: After approval of ethics committee, this study included forty four female patients who were diagnosed with recurrent ovarian cancer between 2014 and 2019.

The study investigates the impact of employee Motivation on organizational performance in Nepal Airlines Corporation in Nepal.75 out of 1200 respondents selected from NAC as a sample population. Mixed methods was used in this research. Data collected through the structured questionnaire and some keys personnel of the NAC were interviewed. The study used descriptive statistics tools for used to data analysis. In this context, this article explores the level of employee motivation in NAC, and discusses its impact on organizational performance.

Normally, the blood vessels of the baby run from the middle of the placenta via the umbilical cord to the baby. Velamentous insertion means that the blood vessels, unprotected by Wharton's jelly, traverse the membranes before they come together into the umbilical cord. The most significant clinical problem arising from a velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord is vasa previa, a dangerous condition in which the velamentous umbilical vessels traverse the fetal membranes in the lower uterine segment below the presenting part.

One of the most desirable and honorable values of Igbo marriage system is life, “ndu” and child “nwa”. There is no doubt that marriage has a very significant place in human society. It not only brings two different individuals together in a union of love and companionship, it also brings two families and the extended family members together. Marriage ensures continuation of the human race by way of procreation.

White grub cause extensive damage to many agricultural and horticultural crops as well as turf grass. The pests are difficult to control due to the cryptic habit of the larvae in the soil. Cultural, mechanical and chemical methods of control are recommended for the management of these pests. The application and/or management of pathogenic microorganisms have been advocated as an ecofriendly control strategy for insect pests. One of the promising biological control agents is the entomopathogenic nematodes for the management of white grub populations.

White Sandal (Santalum album L), an indigenous best White sandal producing species, grown in Nepal in three different locations for exploring its edaphic factors as well as soil environmental factors through exercising different metrical characters. Indeed this S. album species is the most productive and high yielding species in regard to qualitative and quantitative aspects. It’s a high adaptive plant species which grows in a broad range of environmental as well as metrological conditions.

Cultural heritage assets are exposed to weather and submitted to the influence of environmental parameters. Physicals, chemicals and biological factors interact with constitutive materials. The air contains a large amount of biological and biotic components such as pollen grains, fungal spores, insects, mites, fibers and dust particles but their number and concentration depend upon the geographical location, types of vegetation and meteorological parameters. Stone objects may support novel communities of microorganisms that are active in the bio-deterioration process.

Termites cause economic losses by directly destroying both living and dead vegetation. Use of chemicals is a common mean to control termite which cause danger to humans and the environment. Therefore, there has been great interest in finding other methods, especially biological control, of controlling termites and reducing the use of chemicals. Many organisms have been identified as being able to kill termites. This review outlines the potentials of entomopathogenic nematodes in termite management.

The management of weeds in food crops in African countries particularly in Senegal represents a time-consuming and labor-intensive activity. The permanent presence of weeds in crops is damaging in many ways. However, in tropical areas, plant species synthesize molecules capable of inhibiting the germination and growth of volunteerplants. This phenomenon called allelopathy offers promising prospects for weed management.

Bank Simpanan Nasional (BSN) was launched on December 5, 1974 without lines five key goals that are relevant and key principles existence to this day is to promote and extend savings, especially from depositors small storage, inculcate good saving habits and save money, provide a channel for the general public to save money, the usage of the Bank's funds for investment, including financing the development the country's economy and to protect the interests of investors and other customers.

The present communication deals with the review of Armed, Income and Management administration. Armed administration identifies equally the technique and systems use by armed department, agencies, and armed involved in the management of the armed forces. It describes the process that take position inside armed organizations exterior of combat, mainly in organization armed personnel, their training, and services they are provided with as part of their armed service. Income Administration.

This study analyzed Omotic proverbs to examine whether any gender biases exist in the way women’s sexuality is portrayed. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. The proverbs were collected with an interview with ten informants from Omotic languages speaking areas and from two published sources on Omotic proverbs. Then the collected proverbs were analyzed qualitatively. The theoretical apparatus for the study has been drawn from a combination of approaches including patriarchy, hegemonic masculinity, and feminism. The selected proverbs were grouped based on their themes.

The purpose of this study The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare proverbs that represent women in a typical way among the Arsi Oromo and the Wolaita people. The proverbs used for the study were 60 theme-relevant proverbs collected by focus group discussion, interviewing systematically selected elders and by analyzing documents from each areas of the study. Qualitative research design was used to conduct this study. Women were negatively represented in the proverbs as powerless, sources of danger and problems.

The research “Reference and Information Services Delivery in Academic Libraries in Nasarawa State” is anchored towards a representation of Academic library. The statement of problem is geared on lack of recognizing the vital role of reference and information services, as users of these libraries do not use reference resources for their academic nourishment or pursuit rather they patronize other sources, hence the thrust of the study. The research is justified in that it adopts varied ideas and concepts by scholars, who have explored and contributed in the same direction with this study.

This study intended to determine antesendents and consequences of private university lecturers’s job satisfaction. Through the positive effect of the work environment, jobs, compensation, coworkers to job satisfaction and the positive effect of job satisfaction to work commitment. The background because as an organization, private university needs to have a competitive advantage. To achieving competitive advantage by qualified lecturers as human resources. Lecturers who have organizational commitment are expected show the best performance.

The purpose of the study is to inspect social media use on the political empowerment of women in Uganda. The ability of social media and its influence on the current generation is explored. Social media use is disintegrated based on access and participation in discussions related to politics. The theoretical framework of Cognitive Engagement Theory (CET) is adapted and extended. Realistic data was collected through a questioner answered by 133 Ugandan social media users.

In Pali literature, Pethavatthu in Khuddhaka Nikaya recorded story about venerable Sariputta and his mother in previous life. A story entitles Sariputta thera Matu Petivatthu Vannanna which notes the existence of Ghost realm with many suffer, pain and distress. One time Buddha was staying at Bamboo garden who retold this story. Sariputta was dwelling in the forest not far from Rajagaha. At that time a Peti as female ghost arised who wanted to meet venerable Sariputta. But Deva heaven rejected her to reach his abode. She begged them and spoke that she was his mother in the fifth past life.

Advertising in India has assumed an essential part in the improvement procedure by generating an interest for customer products and increasing the livelihood comforts of millions. The aim of the study was to identify the consumers’ preferences about advertising among general public in Tamilnadu. For this study, the non-probability random sampling technique was used. A total of 820 respondents have been participated in this study. The questionnaire contains the general opinion about media advertisement.

Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a life-threatening complication of rheumatic disease that, for unknown reasons, occurs much more frequently in individuals with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) and in those with adult-onset Still disease. Macrophage activation syndrome is characterized by pancytopenia, liver insufficiency, coagulopathy, and neurologic symptoms and is thought to be caused by the activation and uncontrolled proliferation of T lymphocytes and well-differentiated macrophages, leading to widespread hemophagocytosis and cytokine overproduction.

Background: The risky behaviors of youngsters or youths may further be worsened by the logic that university students are too many in number, lack facilities for sexual and reproductive health services and live away from their parents and free from parental control. To tackle the issue, evidence based intervention like improved access for youth’s friendly reproductive health services is crucial.

Introduction: Asymmetry when applied to facial morphology refers to the correspondence difference in the size, shape and location of facial landmarks on opposite sides of the median sagittal plane. Malocclusion cases with their asymmetric occlusal relationships often cause treatment difficulties. The nature of occlusal asymmetry may be due to dentoalveolar or skeletal asymmetries, or due to a combination of both these factors and these underlying factors complicate the attainment of a symmetric occlusion.

Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an acute polyradiculoneuropathy which is frequently severe in course and assumed autoimmune disease pathogenically. Infection is most common assumed trigger, either respiratory or gastrointestinal. Although rare, there are case reports published worldwide that pregnancy and postpartum period are high risk condition for GBS. It is associated and reported in all trimester. GBS worsen in postpartum periods and had a bad prognosis. Recurrence also been reported in subsequent pregnancies.

Background: Indiscriminate use of corticosteroids, widespread use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, increase in the pool of immunocompromised patients and development of drug resistance has made treatment of superficial fungal infections challenging with increased rates of recurrence. There is an utmost need for novel drug combinations and improved treatment strategies to tackle this complex situation. Objective: To compare the efficacy of oral isotretinoin (20mg/day) and itraconazole (200mg/day)combination with salicylic acid 30% chemical peel for Tinea corporis and Tinea cruris.

Background: In the modern era, missing interdental papilla is a cause of major concern to most of the patients. Compromised esthetics frequently results from deficient interdental papilla and the reconstruction of the lost interdental papilla remains a challenge for the periodontist. Materials & Methods:In the present study, two techniques: Modified Beagle’s Technique and the Azzi’s technique have been employed for reconstructing& obliteration of black triangles.Results:A total of 30 sites were surgically treatedusing these techniques.

Introduction: Endocrine conditions form a major bulk of those visiting physicians and most of the conditions warrant immediate and long term treatment which otherwise can indirectly affect all the organ systems and adversely affect the ‘health’ of a person. Thyroid diseases are one of the most common endocrinological conditions with varying skin and appandageal manifestations. Skin is an organ that is visible to naked eyes and can at times show certain manifestations which point to an underlying disease. Unless the clinician has high index of suspicion, such conditions can go undetected.

Tramadol is a centrally acting analgesic and has serotonergic and noradrenergic action. The metabolite of Tramadol is O-desmethyltramadol and acts on the µ-opioid receptor. It is 10 times less potent then morphine. Tramadol is used to treat both acute and chronic pain of moderate intensity. Tramadol is considered to be a relatively safe analgesic. Commonadverse effects of tramadol are nausea, dizziness, and vomiting, particularly at the start of the therapy.

Introduction: Psychogerontological care is a current challenge in international health systems. This is due to the fact that affective and cognitive disorders are the most common conditions that older people have; being potential risk factors for health and quality of life. Objective: The objective of this article is to design a clinical care protocol for the psychogerontological approach of cognitive and psycho-affective alterations in older people who attend a mental health care center at the first level of care.

Background: Clinically appearing early caries are referred to as white spot lesions (WSLs). These lesions compromise esthetics and precede cavitation; therefore they must be halted by effective materials. Aim: To evaluate and compare microhardness of artificial white spot lesions treated with icon infiltrant, single bond universal adhesive and green tea. Materials and methods: Forty extracted human premolars were selected for this study. The teeth were debrided and stored in deionized water at room temperature from the day of extraction until used.

Background: Two types of platelet concentrates (PC) are available, Random donor platelets (RDP) which is collected as a co-product of whole blood donation while Single donor platelets (SDP or Apheresis-PC) is collected from voluntary donors with the help of automated cell separator. RDPs can be separated by two methods, Platelet rich plasma method (PRP-PC) and Buffy coat poor method (BC-PC) .In our hospital, Platelet concentrates were usually prepared by PRP method and recently Buffy coat method has been introduced.

Breast feeding initiatives programme was examine for the rapid growth and protection of infants against many illness including infectious and non-infectious diseases. Other benefits associated with good health being of infants through breastfeeding were highlighted. Nutritional status of breast milk and its associated impact to the lifestyle of infants was examined by reviewing relevant articles from a global perspective. Other benefits of breast feeding mothers were compared to non-breastfeeding mothers.

Background: Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of early childhood and is considered as a multi-factorial infectious and transmissible disease. Streptococcus mutans is the major etiological agent of early childhood caries in children. The caries forming activity of S. mutans on teeth are carried out through the formation of dental biofilm containing S. mutans and subsequent production of lactic acid. Milk is a significant part of the human diet. For infants, it is the sole source of vital nutrients for the first six months of its life.

Dental caries which is a pandemic disease can be prevented even before its occurrence. There are many ways in which it can be prevented either by removing the etiological factors or bringing the etiological factors under control. Recent findings have indicated that antimicrobials are quite useful in reducing the load of microorganisms which are responsible for caries. Chlorhexidine is one of the commonly used antimicrobial available in the market.

Background: Traumatic brain injury is one of the leading causes of death and disability in those of reproductive age, with approximately 0.5-1 million cases occurring per year. During the period of the brain injury, a cascade reaction occurs that causes apoptosis. Curcumin enhances the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) via BDNF coding gene transcription. The different kind of injury creates neurotropic factors and cytokine which protect the existence of excitotoxicity, such as BDNF.

Aim: To compare the effectiveness of Ultrasound therapy and low level laser therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. Objectives: To compare the pretreatment and post-treatment pain intensity (VAS score); pretreatment and post-treatment mouth opening (measured as interincisal distance) in selected TMD patients treated with therapeutic ultrasound (USG) and Low level laser therapy (LLLT). Materials and Methods: A total 26 patients were selected as per inclusion criteria. Patients were divided into two groups. 13 patients in each group.

Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) tears are a common injury seen in the overhead athlete population and are described as injury to the superior portion of the glenoid labrum from 10 o’clock to 2 o’clock when referencing the face of a clock. Erikson et al. (2006) propose two accepted theories of mechanism of injury which include the eccentric load that occurs at the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) during the deceleration phase of throwing as it pulls on the superior portion of the labrum.

Spices are parts of plants like leaves, puds, stalks or roots that are used for organoleptic purposes, preservative in food, however some of them have therapeutic properties necessary for optimal health of humans, hence, this study investigated the chemical composition of bay leaf (Laurus nobilis), nutmeg (Myristical fragrans) and shepherd’s purse seed (Capsella bursa-pastoris) locally sourced from Offa, Kwara state and Ife-wara, Osun State.

The purpose of this Sky Yoga is to identify the benefits of physical activity and exercise for both Physical and Mental health for women. Sky yoga is supposed to reduce the risk of several chronic diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression and osteoporosis) and premature death. Reviewed literature explored that youth who participate in physical activity and yoga are more likely to report good general health and more likely to have no feasible serious mental illness.

The Purpose of The Study: Was to apply algometry to 29 trigger points during a study to prevent back pain in teachers. Materials and Methods: The initial phase of our study involved 91 teachers from three schools in Sofia. In an effort of the assessment of the pain we used an handheld Algometer ALGO-AN in 65 teachers, 58 (89.2%) femaleand 7 (10.8%) male. The average age was 49.91 years (from 24 to 70 years). Results from a total of 58 points on the left and on the right were collected and statistically processed in April - May 2019.

Human Resource play a vital role in bringing about the process of production/business. Compensation is a major function in Human resource management that helps in maintaining a satisfied workforce. Effective administration of compensation makes the employees feel that they are a valued. This study investigates the effects of compensation and its components such as payment, promotion, recognition, working condition and benefit in motivating the employees. Various articles were taken initially and studied, out of which 30 articles were shortlisted to be reviewed for this study.

Objective: To evaluate microleakage of Alkasite material (Ivoclar vivadent) and Highly filled flowable composite resin (GC corporation Tokyo, Japan) restorations,immersed in tea, fresh fruit juice and carbonated drink. Materials and Methods: Fourty caries free extracted mandibulars molars were used for the study. Class V cavities were prepared and restored with Alkasite material on the buccal surface and highly filled flowable composite resin on the lingual surface. The teeth were thermocycled following the restoration.

Thousands of railroad maintenance-of-way (MOW) workers develop lower back problems from their work. This study calculates the social and economic burdens of these problems, borne by thousands of MOW workers. Economic calculations are derived from the literature and also from a survey of 4,800 MOW respondents, 155 in-depth interviews, and two focus groups. This one health problem alone costs at least $717 million to $1.103 billion over the course of lower back cases currently diagnosed among MOW workers. Many individuals work through significant pain or have to leave their profession.

The synthesis of the highly active compound N-[3-(3-oxoprop-1-yn-1-yl)phenyl] benzene sulfonamide was performed and its activity against Gram (+), Gram (-), mold and yeast was determined.

Diabetes is one of the common developing condition in young age now-a-days. This study is done to study the clinical profile, complications, treatment as well as prognosis of diabetes in young age group by taking 100 young diabetics as a study sample.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of teaching early grade reading components on first graders’ letter word reading competency. For this study, quasi-experimental research design was employed. Participants of the study were selected using group identification test and simple random sampling technique from the selected primary school. Pretest was administered to 50 students to check whether participants of the study were found at equal performance in letter word reading competency or not.

In the modern era fibroid during pregnancy is increased due to increased maternal age and assisted reproductive technique. During caesarean section myomectomy is the most common surgical procedure performed. There is controversy between the obstetricians about myomectomy during cesarean section because of associated complication.

Introduction: Renal calculi is one of the most common disorders among urological diseases. Renal stone formation is a multifactorial condition. Objectives: To assess the knowledge on risk factors of renal calculi among female students and to determine the association between level of knowledge on risk factors of renal calculi with selected demographic variables. Methodology: Quantitative cross sectional research design was used and 300 female engineering students were selected by using systematic random sampling technique. Informed consent was taken from all the participants.

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) is one of a group of disorders grouped together as thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) and characterized by the association of mechanical haemolytic anemia, peripheral thrombocytopenia, and failure of organs of variable severity (1). Atypical HUS with a different clinical presentation and evolution, the onset may be misleading and as typical HUS manifest as diarrhea. Atypical HUS represents only 10% of HUS cases in children (3). Although some causes can be identified, the etiology of atypical HUS often remains unknown (4). Atypical HUS occurs at all ages.

Development is meant to improve human condition, as well as human environment, places to stay & visit; hence, sustainable development should ensure the survival of the system at a higher level, or otherwise it is not worth doing it. The purpose of this study is to assess Sustainable Attraction Management (SAM) dimensions in contributing to tourist satisfaction and intention to revisit at the UNESCO’s world heritage site in Penang, Malaysia. Prior to the data collection, questionnaire were established and self-administered distributed among 180 respondents.

Senegal, due to its geographical position, has a great diversity of plant species that can contribute to food security. However, they tend to disappear due to changes in diet. As a result, there is an urgent need to know these species and the knowledge associated with them. This study contributes to the knowledge of neglected and underutilized species in Senegal. More specifically, it aims to know the species of the genus Nymphaea used in the low and deltas of the Senegal River and to determine the various uses and uses of the species.

Background: The anatomical closeness of the facial bone to the neurocranium increases the risk for concomitant head injuries. Patient’s survival is largely dependent on the severity of the concomitant head injury; and prognosis improves with early intervention. However, detailed account of factors in patients with concomitant maxillofacial and head injuries that can determine the treatment outcomes is lacking. Objective: This observational study seek to assess treatment outcomes in patients with concomitant head and maxillofacial injuries.

Ankle sprains injury or articulatiotalocruralisinjury are the most common musculoskeletal injuries seen by health care providers. The most common mechanism for ankle sprain is excessive inversion and planter flexion of the reafoot on the tibia. Sports rehabilitation is an important part of treating such cases. A rehabilitation program aims to return the injured body part to normal function. Objective: Subject Effect of Friction Massage Versus Balance Exercise on Pain severity, Range Of Motion, Single Leg Balance Test And Muscle Strength Test In Ankle Sprain Grade II.

Background: Maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) are major contributors to morbidity and mortality amongst women and neonates in Nigeria, with neonatal tetanus accounting for 20% of all neonatal deaths. MNT are preventable through immunization and hygienic birth practices. WHO recommends two doses of tetanus toxoid (TT) for pregnant women and three doses for women of child bearing age in high risk areas. Aim: To determine TT coverage rates amongst women using the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital immunization centre.

Background: There are many treatment modalities of warts, but most of them are destructive therapies which have propensity to cause scarring. Many antigens especially PPD of tuberculin bacilli are being used for the regression of warts. Objectives: To study the efficacy of twenty five cases of purified protein derivative of tuberculin bacilli for the treatment of warts. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was done in which 25 patients of recalcitrant warts were taken up for the study.

A 21 year old male patient reported to the department, and complaines of malpositioned teeth even after he has undergone orthodontic treatment and wishes to improve the esthetic of his anterior teeth with prosthetic rehabiliation. Treatment plan for this patient includes CAD- CAM designing followed by zirconia crown on all maxillary anterior teeth





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari