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Antimicrobial potential of an animal peptide and some antibiotics against a dreaded soil born phytopathogen Ralstoniasolanacearum

Author: 
Rupa Verma, Ashok Kumar Choudhary, Abhijit Dutta and Sudarshan Maurya
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Ralstonia solanacearum, a known dreaded soil borne phytopathogenic bacteria, has been causing enormous crop losses in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions across the world including the eastern plateau and hill regions of India, where soil is mostly acidic. In this study, honey bee derived peptide apidaecin and some antibiotics observed to be exhibiting antimicrobial efficacy against the bacteria R.solanacearum isolated from infected tomato, brinjal and capsicum plants. Effectiveness of apideacin was compared with three potential antibiotics likeceftriaxone, ambistryn and gentamicin towards containing the bacterial phytopathogen. Ceftriaxone showed the strongest antibacterial efficacy with zone of inhibition 17.94mm, 17mm and 15.88 mm at 40 μgmL-1respectively in three isolates of R.solanacearum vizbrinjal, capsicum and tomato. Ambistryn, compared to gentamicin, was next best in exhibiting antibacterial efficacy with zone of inhibition ranging from 10.2 mm to14.8 mm. Apidaecin exhibited antibacterial effectiveness onbrinjal and capsicum isolates at the concentration of 20 to 40 μgmL-1with zone of inhibition varying from4.1 mm to 8.4 mm at 40 μgmL-1. Apideacin, compared to gentamicin, was effective in capsicum and nearly potent to gentamicin in tomato at higher concentrations. Apideacin, compared to the antibiotics, was moderately effective on selected plant isolates.

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