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Case study on how are the gaps between the rings of Saturn are formed

Author: 
Aadithya, T. A. and Deepika, S.
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

A gas giant with its comprehensive set of continuous and discontinuous rings is a Unique cocktail of interactions between itself, dust and ice, its moons and nearby orbiting satellites and particles. The Gravitational Influence of the moons, notably the largest of them like Titan and Rhea has created Gaps in between the rings. For years this has baffled Astronomers. There has been a speculation that the prograde motion of the planet against the prograde motion of its moons have caused this unique effect. Others speculate that the Density wave theory with its spiral structure theories could provide an explanation for this gap causing influence. This Paper will be a case study on how are the gaps are formed between the rings of Saturn. The paper will explain the various phenomena surrounding the Influences, notably Resonance and orbital collisions and correlate as to why such phenomenon result in gaps being formed. It will also explain about our theory which describes the possibility of retrograde motion of the distant moons and other planetary bodies exerting a Gravitational influence on the Gas Giant Saturn which is in Prograde motion also being a cause for the gaps being formed in the rings, especially in the Cassini Division.

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