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Climate change scenario and generation of livelihood as well as income from bamboo enterprise: an estimation from a score of socio economic and agro ecological variables

Author: 
Gupta, M., Acharya, S. K. and Biswas, A.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Bamboo enterprise plays an important role in the rural economy of Tripura by providing subsistence activities, employment generation and household income. It is the most suitable subsistence resource for about 28,000 families engaged in shifting cultivation each year. Keeping this in view, the present study was carried out with the objective to assess the livelihood and level of income of bamboo plantation by farmers of small holding. In the present study number respondents were 96, who have been selected randomly from the Hezamara block, west district of Tripura and total number of predictor variables were 19 .The data were collected through pilot survey, structured interview, and questionnaire, participatory approaches. The study reveals that the predictor variable viz. family size (X3), land under agricultural crop (X7), land under bamboo (X9),annual income before bamboo (X11), energy consumption(X16), cost incurred in bamboo cultivation (X18) are some of the variable which has recorded significant association with income from bamboo as well mandays and wages generation from bamboo. The following factors have been identified through PCA as to have substantive contributions on the cumulative variance of the livelihood and productivity of bamboo enterprise. These are: Family resource entrepreneurship, input media interaction, home and human resource support and resource status. The variable Age(X1), family size( X3), Land under agricultural crop (X7), Cropping intensity (X8), land under bamboo (X9), Material possessed (X10), energy consumption (X16), cost incurred in bamboo cultivation (X18) have been retained in the step down regression to imply that these variable is extremely important to these causal variable to interpret the reason and spectrum of variance of the consequent variable in its behavior and performance.

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