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Comparison of the effects of a strict diet and medication on relief of gastroesophageal symptoms

Author: 
Tecklah Usai, Cuthbert Zvidzai and Trust Mushawarima
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Gastro oesophageal reflux disease GERD has a global impact on health and it impairs the quality of life of a substantial proportion of the world’s population. This study focuses on assessing the dietary regimen, medication and placebo on relieving gastroesophageal symptoms caused by excessive production of gastric acids in the body. It is also caused by the backward flow or regurgitation of stomach contents passing up into the oesophagus. Obesity and overweight are risk factors of heartburn and oesophageal erosions. Body Mass Index (BMI) of participants were determined. Helicobacter pylori test were done in all 15 patients since H.pylori causes some of the symptoms of heartburn. Questionnaires were used to gather information on diet and GERD symptoms of participants. Physical observations on lifestyle of participants were made. The consent forms were signed by all participants for ethical considerations at United Bulawayo Hospitals in Zimbabwe. The participants were divided into 3 groups, (group 1 on strict diet and timed exercise, group 2 on medication and diet, group 3 on placebo and diet). The nutrient content of a strict diet was analysed, food test established the amount of nutrients (vitamins, mineral elements, proteins, fats and carbohydrates) in breakfast, lunch and supper. This study established that the nutrients in a strict diet were provided in adequate amounts. The nutrient -nutrient interaction was also recognised. A one way ANOVA was used to analyse the significance of the regimen.

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