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Ecology of enteric bacteria in freshwater catfish clarias gariepinus in Gubi Dam, Bauchi State, Nigeria

Author: 
Samad, S. A. and Nayaya, A. J.
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

The ecological distribution of enteric bacteria in Clarias gariepinus was studied in Gubi reservoir, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The study, showed the presence of some members of the Enterobacteriaceae family in the samples analyzed. From the gills, the following were isolated and identified such as Escherichia coli (13.3%), Shigella species (15.6%), Salmonella species (11.1%). From the intestines, the following bacteria were isolated such as Escherichia coli (8.5%), Klebsiella species (8.5%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (25.4%), Shigella species (5.0%), Salmonella species (25.4%). Staphylococcus species (51.1%) Streptococcus species (10.2%), The Staphylococcus species has the highest prevalence rate followed by Salmonella species and Klebsiella species had the lowest rate. The presence of these bacteria even at low rate as shown by the study indicates that Clarias gariepinus in their natural habitat can harbor pathogenic bacteria of high medical importance. Proper cooking or processing prior to consumption is necessary for health safety.

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