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Economics of cucumber production under protected agriculture in Babylon province – Iraq

Author: 
Hayat K. Odaa
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Protected agriculture is considered from the modern agricultural techniques that help increase production and fill the food gap, it provides crops in non off-season traditional, reduce losses resulting from the change in climatic conditions, Production early seedlings for exposed planting, produce good quality crops, reduce allocated area to cultivation the same crop compared with the exposed agriculture, and rationalization of irrigation water consumption. Because the style of protected cultivation of vegetable crops, including cucumber began receiving acceptance from farmers and increasingly support from the agricultural institutions in Iraq , so such style of agricultural production need to an economic evaluation .The aim of this study is to identify: costs of cucumber Production in protected agriculture, economics of cucumber Production in protected agriculture, and factors affecting the revenues of protected agriculture for cucumber. The study was conducted on a sample of (20) from owners of greenhouses in three regions : Al Talieah, AL Qasim and western Hamzah. The results showed that the average number of greenhouses (3.6 house), labor wages costs is the highest among the costs of production (36.8%), the average profit of the farms surveyed (24333 thousand dinars) it's good profit, compared with average costs (11990 thousand dinars), the farms protected class (5-6) house is the best in terms of economic criteria especially coefficient of profitability, return on costs and net profits.

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