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Effect of 20% water content on the properties (Cetane number, Rheology and stability) of emulsion fuel in comparison to the commercial diesel

Author: 
Souleyman A. Issaka, Abdurahman H. Nour and Rosli Mohd Yunus
Subject Area: 
Physical Sciences and Engineering
Abstract: 

This paper is aimed to investigate the change in the properties of the diesel when emulsified with water and become emulsion (emulsion fuel). The properties of 20-80% W/O emulsion fuel samples were determined based on periodic measurement. The experimentally produced emulsion was put into test for duration of one month. The emulsion was assessed by measuring its viscosity, cetane number and water resolution as function of time. However, results showed that, addition of 20% water in the commercial diesel had increased its viscosity from 5.5 mpa.s in the original commercial diesel to as high as 9 mpa.s in the emulsion fuel, while aging had very minor effect on viscosity. Furthermore, the cetane number also increased from 56.9 in the original commercial diesel to 63.2 in the emulsion fuel. With regard to water resolution, 7% water and 10% oil layers were resolved, but quantitatively, there was a water rich mixture settled at the bottom and an oil rich mixture at the top. This study proved that aging have very marginal effects on the viscosity, cetane number but water separation was ambiguous and not easy to determine since there were no clear boundaries between layers, and the whole sample turns to gray color with time instead of milky white initially.

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