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Health related quality of life of the diabetic client in selected hospitals of Kathmandu, Nepal

Author: 
Saraswati Sharma and Dr. Sarala Joshi
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Introduction: Type II diabetes is a common condition and a serious national and international health problem. In most countries diabetes has increased along-side rapid cultural and social changes: ageing populations, increasing urbanization, dietary changes, reduced physical activity and unhealthy behaviors. About eight percent of adults in the world are estimated to have diabetes, out of them eighty percent live in low- and middle-income countries. The main objective of this study is to assess the health related quality of life of adult diabetic client. Methods: In this study descriptive exploratory study design was used. Simple random sampling technique was adopted to select the hospital and purposive sampling was used for the selection of the study population. All together the total study population were 301 of type II diabetic client Written consent was taken from each respondents. Univariate analysis was used for mean, median, range and standard deviation and Bivariate analysis was used for Chi-square test, ANOVA and Pearson Co-relation. Result: The mean age of the respondents was 52.903 years ±8.272 and it is strongly related with physical domain, which is statistically significant where (p-value =0.000). The chi-square test (p-value =0.021) showed that there is relationship between duration of diabetes and psychological health status. There is strong relationship between diabetes complication and quality of life which is proved by ANOVA test where (F-value 8.208 and P- value.004). Conclusion: HRQoL is strongly reduced in diabetic patients. Apart from demographic characteristics, presence of complications influences is more in HRQoL. Diabetes could be prevented by running awareness program and adopting the healthier behavior.

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