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Knowledge and attitude of women regarding toxoplasmosis during pregnancy and measures to overcome it in slums areas

Author: 
Manal Abdalla Sayed Ahmed Gaheen and Entisar Abo Elghite Elhossiny Elkazeh
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Objective: to assess knowledge and attitude of women regarding toxoplasmosis during pregnancy in slums area and provide women the health measures to prevent toxoplasmosis before and during pregnancy. Design and Methods: The study was carried out at two health centers: The fourth healthy center at Tanta first sector, which served "Tal-Elhadadine neighborhood and Gambiat Al-Qurashi slums" and the sixth healthy center which served "Seger's slums at Tanta second sector" The subjects of the study consisted of 302 women attending the health care centers. The tools were used to collect data: The first, structured interview sheet concerning socio-demographic data and knowledge of women regarding toxoplasmosis. Second tool, it was comprise of items related to women attitude regarding toxoplasmosis infection during pregnancy. Third tool, brochure was developed including information needed for women about toxoplasmosis during pregnancy. Results: Of this study revealed that more than two thirds (69.54%) of the women had poor knowledge, nearly one fifth (20.53%) had moderate knowledge and (9.93%) of them had good knowledge regarding toxoplasmosis. The results also illustrated that the majority of the studied sample (84.11%) had positive attitude. A significant positive correlation was found between the total knowledge score and the total attitude score of women, which denote that women who had a better knowledge were holding more positive attitudes. Based on the results of this study; an educational program about toxoplasmosis infection and measures to prevent it should be designed in slums areas for all women during their reproductive age.

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