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Poor glycemic index (hba1c) in type – ii diabetes mellitus plays an important role in progression of diabetic retionopathy

Author: 
Ali Raza Memon, Nasreen Qazi, Muhammad Qasim Memon, Muhammad Yousuf Memon, Hina Riaz and Keenjhar Rani
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Back ground: Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the main complication of both types; type I and II Diabetes mellitus. HbA1c is the gold standard parameter to estimate the glycemic index nowadays. Poor glycemic index means high blood sugar level which is the proceeding factor for development of retinopathy. Methodology: Total 80 subjects were include in the study, from which 40 were type II diabetes without retinopathy and 40 were diabetes type-II with retinopathy. HbA1c was estimated by Bio Red Variant. Retinopathy was assessed by indirect ophthalmoscope. Results: The mean of HbA1c Type II diabetic patients without retinopathy was11.05 ± 1.27%and in Type –II diabetes mellitus with retinopathy as, 13.05 ± 0.83% respectively. These results showed that glycemic control in type II diabetes with retinopathy highly poor than type II diabetic patients without retinopathy. Conclusion: Poor glycemic index take a part in proceeding diabetic complications like retinopathy.

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