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Prevalence of low back pain during pregnancy in rural women in charotar region of anand district

Author: 
Jain Hetal and Patel Hinal
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Although LBP during pregnancy is a common clinical problem, no study was found documenting prevalence of LBP during pregnancy in rural women in India mainly Anand district. Objectives: To find prevalence of LBP during pregnancy in rural women and to identify risk factors associated with LBP during pregnancy in rural women. Methods: 200 pregnant rural women were recruited from villages of Charotar region with help of Anganwadi workers and from nearby Hospitals. After consideration of inclusion and exclusion criteria informed consent was taken. Details regarding demographic data of women and Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain questionnaire (MOS) was taken in women who complained of back pain. Results: Prevalence of LBP during pregnancy was found 32%. Pain onset was frequently reported in second trimester of pregnancy (60.93%) and was reported in low back area. Out of total 64 women with back pain; fifty eight (90.62%) women had only LBP while remaining six women (9.37) had LBP with leg pain. Severity of LBP during pregnancy was described as being mild pain (45.31%), moderate pain (46.87%) and severe pain (7.81%). Conclusion: LBP is common problem during pregnancy in rural women and most important risk factors are LBP during previous pregnancy and menstruation.

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