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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

August 2013

The introduction of corporate government practices in Nairobi stock exchange saw the Bull Run that kicked off in the Nairobi Securities Exchange in the year 2006, which made the market gain more than 50%. As earnings of companies increased, so did the demand for shares by the public, corporate governance was incorporated as a strategy for the company success. The price appreciation forced many companies to split shares owing to the nature of majority of the Kenyan and foreign investors who wanted to invest in listed companies.

Indian major carp Catla catla were exposed to sublethal concentration of monocrotophos to determine the role of pesticide on fish physiology. Fish were exposed to sublethal concentration (0.0250mg/l) for acute (5 days) and subchronic (30 days). Blood biochemical parameters such as Total protein, Total glucose, Urea nitrogen, Creatinine, Cholestrol, Triglycerides, Bilirubin, AST and ALT levels were estimated in the control and experimental fishes. Significant changes in the biochemical parameters were obtained in the experimental group compared with the control.

Environment gets degraded more rapidly in spite of various remedial measures undertaken. The man-made activities, abundant usage of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides have still worsened the problem. This in turn affects the water bodies very severely making it unfit for drinking, domestic and even agricultural purposes. In this background, the present work was initiated to analyze the extent of deterioration of water in a defined stretch of River Giri, Himachal Pradesh, India.

The effect of the leaf extract of Naringi crenulata in normal and streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats were studied. Blood glucose levels were determined after oral administration of graded doses of Naringi crenulata (300, 600mg/kg) in fasted normal and diabetic groups. In both groups, 600 mg/kg of the extract, significantly reduced blood glucose levels 8 h after administration, which was consistent and time-dependent. The higher doses of 300 mg/kg did not affect significantly the blood glucose levels.

Greengram powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe polygoni is a major disease in greengram growing areas of northern Karnataka and causes considerable yield loss in greengram and other pulse crops. Survey was conducted during kharif, 2012 revealed that the greengram powdery mildew was prevalent in all greengram growing fields in parts of northern Karnataka. However, incidence was maximum at Bidar followed byGulbarga and Yadgir districts and least was at Raichur.

Since its first origin in 1918, Influenza virus has caused the highest degree of morbidity and mortality compared with the other dreadful infections. Till date, many works were carried out on the molecular level to unveil the mystery behind this dreadful infection. In this paper, we have carried out a proteomic and structure validation analysis for the two important genes, Hemagglutinin and Neuraminidase of influenza virus isolated between 1918 to 2009. Among the subjected isolates, HA and NA protein of 2009 isolates were highly antigenic.

The main objective of this work is to prepare the solar active materials such as TiO2 with help of dye. The Rhodamine-B modified TiO2 (RhoB-TiO2) composite will used as DSSC. The PL studies are carrying out by the emission and excitation of TiO2 is increased after addition of Rhodamine-B. UV study showed that the composite energy gab has shifted towards the visible region in electromagnetic spectrum (Red shift), and then band gap is indirect and allowed transition. In this type of RhoB-TiO2 composite used for fabrication of optoelectronic device and fabrication of DSSC.

A new schiff base based membrane ion selective electrode has been developed. The ion selective electrode system prepared used without an internal solution contains dioctyl phthalate (plasticizer) and sodium tetra phenyl borate (anion excluder). The electrode reveal a Nernstian behavior in linear concentration range of 1M to 1x10-4M with detection limits of the order of 10-4M. The stable potentiometric signals are obtained within a short time period of 1 minute. The effect of pH, and the effect of medium have been studied to found a better response.

The potential of acid treated sugarcane bagasse (ATSB) to remove methylene blue (MB), an azo-cationic dye, from waste waters was explored. Surface characterization of the biomass before and after MB sorption was achieved using FTIR spectrophotometer. The ATSB had surface functional groups, -OH, N-H, -C=O, -C-OH, SiO2 and C-halogen that were involved in removing MB from solution. Batch equilibrium sorption experiments were performed under optimized pH, contact time, biosorbent dosage and varying MB initial concentrations.

This paper describes a simple automated instrumentation and measurement system that is designed to offer a more reliable and fast method of measuring temperature and pressure, in thin film deposition systems. The designed computer based measuring system was based on thermocouple type K temperature sensor, MP20C-01-F2 pressure sensor, parallel port for interfacing and LabVIEW driver for accessing data.

Glucose oxidase sensor is one of the best methods for measuring small amounts of glucose. this sensor can be modified using multi wall carbon nanotubes as complementary substance in the electrode structure with the aim of increasing efficiency.In this paper, Pt electrode, was enriched with carbon nanotubes by an intervening material of amino groups of poly (allylamine) (PAA), and was used as working electrodes (anode) along with a platinum auxiliary electrode and the reference electrode Ag / AgCl (cathode).

In the framework of computer assisted diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy, a new algorithm that forms a retinal vascular graph from segmented retinal vessels and determines the branching pattern of retinal arteries and veins and the artery vein ratio (AVR) in fundus images of the macula is presented and discussed. The parameters of the blood vessels in the macular region of retina are hallmark of diabetic retinopathy and allow its detection with a high sensitivity. Since detection of blood vessels is an important diagnostic task, computer assistance plays a major role.

Litopenaeusvannamei(Pacific Ocean shrimp) is the exotic species, imported from Taiwanto India for experimental purpose. L. vannameihasso many advantages than the tiger shrimp (Penaeusmonodon), so The Government of India (GOI) permitted pilot-scaleintroduction of the species in 2003 and subsequentlypermitted the culture of L.

The study assessed the contributions of farmers’ children to crop production in Odo-otin Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. A total of eighty farmers’ children were selected using simple random sampling. Structured interview schedule was used to collect data from the respondents and statistical tools used in analyzing the data were: frequency distribution, percentages and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC).The result of data analysis showed that majority of the farmers’ children interviewed were male (76.30%) and (76.30%) of respondents stayed with their parent.

The plant of Psoralea corylifolia sprayed with glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine’) showed some morphological changes such as scorching, wilting of leaves and stems, crumpling and yellowing of leaves and drying of all the parts of the plant at all concentrations (100,200,400,600 ,800, 1000 and 1200ppm). On fourth day of spraying plant showed yellow spots on lower leaves at all concentrations. When glyphosate sprayed at concentration of >= 400ppm lamina showed burning effects and they dried on completely. Stem became pale green on eight day after spraying.

Summary: Aim of the study: To determine profile of résistance to C.albicans and mutations in ERG 11 gene in strains of C. albicans azoles resistant. Material and Methods: In this study, we isolated and identified the yeast species in the vagina of patients consulted in the Pasteur Institut and tested in vitro activities of antifunguals. We amplified and sequenced the ERG11 gene of C. albicans azole resistant. Résulte: C. albicans (69, 1%) was the most frequently identified species followed by C. glabrata (21 %), C.Tropicalis (6, 2%) and C. parapsilosis (3,7 %).

A study on differences between two species of ladybird, H. variegata Goeze and E. pubescens Kuster determined that they there were differences in terms of size, color of pupa shell, shape of pupa shell, pattern of adult emergence and length of adult from emergence out of the shell. In this research, pupa length of E. pubescens was 4.3 – 4.8 mm and pupa length of H. variegata was 3.6 – 4.2 mm. Shell color of E. pubescens pupa was pale brown or gray, but shell color H. variegata pupa was orange with black lines on it. Length of body in adult H.

In this present study, the mortality rate of heavy metal lead nitrate (Pb(NO3)2) was determined in the freshwater fish Catla Catla. The median lethal concentration was determined using static and renewable method through Probit analysis. The median lethal concentration (LC50) value of (Pb(NO3)2) was found to be 190.56, 181.81, 172.43 and 163.04 mgL-1 for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs respectively. The dose and time dependant responses (mortality rate and behavioural changes) in the test fish was observed.

An attempt was made to study the microbial population of Veeranam lake water, Tamil Nadu. Water samples were collected monthly at five locations and analysed for the microbial population by MPN technique during the year from July 2011 – June 2012. The samples showed the presence of bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes. The monthly average values were taken for statistical analysis. The percentage distribution of microorganisms varied from 75.04 to 77.36% bacteria, 0.79 to 2.05% fungi and 21.23 to 24.17% actinomycetes.

Seeds of 365 divers bred wheat lines were sown in paired row plots of 2m length. The field was heavily fertilized and frequently irrigated to provide a congenial environment for the development of the spot blotch disease. Observations were recorded for disease severity (%) as well as using 0-9 scale. Disease was rated three times i.e. at growth stages 69, 77 and 83 (Zadoks to calculate AUDPC. Plant height, days to maturity and test weight was also recorded for each genotype. A wide variability for resistance to spot blotch was observed in the wheat lines screened.

The experiment was conducted to study the physico-chemical characteristics of Ajanta and Thailand varieties of tamarind and the results obtained were compared with the local variety. It showed that Thailand variety was superior in physical characteristics like length and width where as Ajanta was superior in respect of average fruit weight, per cent flesh and average pulp yield, while the local variety was found to be at par in these respect. Thailand variety was rich in carbohydrates, reducing and total sugars with lowest extractable TSS and minerals.

The corrosion inhibition characteristics of amino acid L- Methionine on IS : 1062 Grade A - Low carbon Steel in 1M HCl solutions at 300C temperature was studied by using weight loss, Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrophotometer (ICP-OES) and Scanning Electron Microscope with Energy Dispersive X- Ray analyzer (SEM-EDX) techniques. Measurements were conducted without and with various concentrations of L-Methionine and the inhibition efficiency (IE %) has been studied accordingly.

The use of Video Display Terminal (VDT) is widespread and beneficial for improvement of work quality and productivity. Musculoskeletal symptoms or disorders in the upper extremities and neck among employees working at video display terminal workstations has been a topic in occupational health research for many years. This study has developed a MSD prevalence model suitable for computer workplaces in India. A total of about 600 questionnaires were distributed to the VDT users of production, software and service industries.

Treatment A series of Chitosan(CS)/Poly(vinyl alcohol)(PVA)/ Methylcellulose(MC) hybrid ternary blend with crosslinked of glutaraldehyde (G) was fabricated by a solution casting method, in order to be used as a potential sorbent material for toxic soft metal of cadmium (Cd). The fabricated crosslinked CS/ PVA / MC hybrid ternary blend film were characterized by FT-IR, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Career change is an issue of concern to institutions given the huge costs related to lost productivity, hiring and training of employees. This study examined the effect of job satisfaction on non teaching staff career change intention in Moi University Eldoret Municipality Kenya. The objective of this study was to; establish the effect of remuneration on non teaching staff career change intention. This study was based on survey research design. Individual elements were selected using stratified, systematic random sampling and the sample size determination was based on Nassiuma method.

Alluvial areas in india are considered as groundwater potential zone of a region. Excessive Draft of groundwater over natural recharge in an area leads to loss of groundwater storage in that area over the period of time. The present study aims at computing the total loss of groundwater storage in Pandua block of Hugli district, West Bengal. The area is a meander flood plain with continuous fall of groundwater level.

Today, the violence against women is the most pervasive yet under recognized social problem, not only in India but also throughout the world. It is present in every country, cutting across boundaries of culture, class, education and age. More significantly, with the increasing trend of urbanization the number of cases of violence against women has rapidly grown over the years. Hence in the present study an attempt is made to analyze the relationship between urbanization and increasing violence against women.

Economic recession is one of the stages in economic system affecting world economy in an adverse manner. Economic recession occurs at frequent intervals. But recession of 1929-39 lasts for 10 years sweeping world economy at it had worst economic impact disturbing the economic activities specially in case of developing economies like India.

A mutual fund is just the connecting bridge or a financial intermediary that allows a group of investors to pool their money together with a predetermined investment objective. Mutual funds are considered as one of the best available investments as compare to others they are very cost efficient and also easy to invest in, thus by pooling money together in a mutual fund, investors can purchase stocks or bonds with much lower trading costs than if they tried to do it on their own. This study is done to determine the preferences of investors for investment in mutual funds in India.

Promotion of trade across the nations can be stated as one of the significant developments of the post war period which have brought paradigm shift in global economy. Wave of change that swept the globe since the last decade of 20th century marked a new era of economic integration. Freer multilateral movement of goods and services has been strengthened with the emergence of the WTO. In addition formation of regional trading blocs has minimised trade barriers amongst member nations.

Poverty reduction is an overarching development goal for Tamil Nadu. Providing rural poor with financial services is considered to be one of the key inputs to achieve this goal of poverty reduction. But looking at the diverse topography, lack of access to financial services has been one of the major obstacles to accelerate the socio-economic, disadvantaged community people living in remote and inaccessible areas of Tamil Nadu. The low level of family incomes have limited the poor families to self finance on farm and off-farm income earning activities.

This is the age of Information Technology and the access to and availability of information is crucial Small Scale Enterprises (SMEs) are a very vibrant segment of the Indian economy making substantial contribution to the Indian economy. SMEs need to obtain and store information at a competitive cost. Cloud computing provides an easy solution. Cloud computing refers to a set of services that provide the necessary infrastructure for data storage on a third party server.

The purpose of this paper is of three –folds; (a), to analyse the awareness of the causes of NIDHL of students in tertiary institutions; (b), to explore whether students in tertiary institutions are aware of the consequences of NIDHL and (c), to ascertain whether the students are aware of the strategies for preventing NIDHL. The sample of this study is made up of 525 students from 5 tertiary institutions in Enugu. The design of the study is a descriptive survey.

This paper is a corpus based analysis of lexical archaism in Public Legal Texts. The study aims at uncovering the incidences of lexical archaism in the selected Nigerian statutes. Incidences of lexical archaism were identified and discussed with emphasis on their effects on the readers. The incidences were illustrated by presenting portions of the text in which they occurred. The study therefore was purely descriptive and qualitative as no attempt was made to quantify the incidences.

India is one of the emerging economies, which have witnessed significant development in the stock markets during the liberalization policy initiated by the government. And Indian stock market is largely integrated with the world markets. In that Context financial crisis of 2007-09 was a glass case of large spillovers from one bank to another bank heightening risk. It is clear that the investing in banking shares include high risk at the same time it earns extremely negative return which is revealed by the performance analyses on selected banking shares.

Wavelets are new families of basis functions that practical measurements of real phenomena require time and resources, they provide not all values but only a finite sequence of values called a Sample of the function representing the phenomenon under consideration. Therefore, the first in the analysis of a data with wavelets consists in approximating its function by means of the sample alone. One of the simplest methods of approximation uses a horizontal stair step extended through each sample point.

A total of seventy nine samples from four different wells of Mui basin in parts of Mwingi and Kitui districts in Kenya were examined in order to establish the presence and quality of coal. The research was based on a proximate analysis which involved analysis of seven parameters per each sample based on ASTM standards (ASTM, 1991, Speight, 1983).The parameters were; determination of calorific value, fixed carbon, sulphur content, volatile matter, moisture content, ash content and iron.

Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) is an active research area with a number of proposals being made to support real-time applications that are based upon the interaction between the routing scheme and a QoS provisioning mechanism. This paper builds upon such ideas and presents QoS-aware Shortest Multipath Source (Q-SMS) routing protocol that have been shown to offer significant network improvement when compared to best protocol proposed schemes. Q-SMS essentially modifies the previously proposed SMS scheme to explicitly provide QoS assurance.

Wireless networks, and mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) in particular, are characterized by time- varying link characteristics and network topology. In such an environment, the network must accommodate the changes, providing end-end packet delivery while at the same time incurring low control overhead. This paper proposes a routing algorithm for MANETs with the primary goal of maximizing connectivity while limiting overhead. The KA algorithms of AOMDV-DPU strengthen the primary route and secondary routes, respectively.

Metal displacement reaction is a common method, well known and practiced world wide in decorative and electronic IndustriesElectroless plating has gained importance to satisfy the demands of the niche and gamet technologies.The chemical deposition of a metal from an aqueous bath solution of a salt, onto any other metal surface immersedin it, involves an electrochemical mechanism (oxidation and reduction reactions). The oxidation of a substance is characterized by the loss of electrons, while reduction is distinguished by a gain of electrons.

Optical biosensors are powerful detection and analysis devices that have vast applications in biomedical research, healthcare, and pharmaceuticals. This paper includes design of a 2-dimensional photonic crystal based biosensor with line defect which can detect different components of blood. Analysis has been done for blood serum albumin, blood plasma, glucose, white blood cells and red blood cells. Analytical work has been done using Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method. Modeling and designing of photonic crystal is done with the help of simulation tools MEEP and MPB.

Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) has been carried out to analyze the both chemical and mineralogical composition of the IFB (Insulating Fire Bricks) samples. In the present study, the insulating fire bricks have been prepared by mixture of kaolin, plastic clay and sawdust materials. FT-IR technique has been used to find the mineralogical transformations of clay during firing temp in the range of 900°C - 1200°C. The FT-IR results indicate that insulating fire bricks have different mineralogical composition i.e., namely kaolin, quartz montmorillonite, hematite respectively.

The study focused on passengers preference for selected mass transit companies in South eastern Nigeria. Data were collected from 114 passengers who patronized the selected mass transit in the study area with the aid of a structured questionnaire. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages. The results of the study showed passengers preference for Imo Transport Company Limited, then Rivers Transport Company Limited, and then Abia Line Network Company Limited.

Sports have become an integral part of society. The coaches and trainers all over the world are aspiring for better result of their trainers. This can be made possible by conducting studies on the relationship of motor ability and level of skill of the player with their playing ability. The purpose of the study was to find out relationship of football skills with the selected physical fitness component. The study was delimited to 150 male inter college level player is age group of 19-25 year. The subject was selected from the inter college football matches of three university of Punjab.

In this study, a modern technique for the diagnosis of Salmonella typhi using the outer membrane protein was established. To reduce the identification time of the infection by typhoid fever; Salmonella typhi outer membrane protein was extracted from Salmonella typhi bacteria ATCC 19430 growing on optimized growth conditions. Partially purified outer membrane protein was immobilized on a nitrocellulose membrane and tested against serum of typhoid patients to detect the antigenicity of the protein isolated using immunoblotting technique.

Introduction: Knowledge transfer is a process by which research results will be transferred to users and decision makers. Nowadays, knowledge alongside its application is one of the most important factors for survival of organizations and universities in the world. This study was conducted to evaluate knowledge transfer in Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences.

Poultry farming as a business had tremendous scope for self-employment on one hand and could diversify the agriculture production system on the other hand. Training is very essential for capacity building and for strengthening the business economically by developing scientific attitude to increase knowledge status and making aware about present situation of sector throughout country and worldwide.

Summary: Aim of the study: conducting a neuroanatomical study on the deterious effects of regular and chronic concomitant consumption of alcohol and cannabis on the prefrontal cortex and cerebellum hemisphere. Materials and methods: The study was conducted at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Casablanca (IFM) for the period from January 2008 to January 2012. The study population consisted of all deaths following an accident or fall and having concomitant consumption of alcohol and cannabis (n = 228). Results: Of the 228 admitted to the IFM.

The present study was conducted to examine the echocardiographic parameters between open and closed skill athletes. To obtain data for this study, the investigator had selected seventy two (N=72) male university level athletes of 19 to 25 years of age group to act as subjects. They were further divided into two groups which includes thirty six (n= 36) open skill athletes and thirty six (n=36) closed skill athletes of various games. The purposive sampling technique was used to obtain the required data. To measure the cardiac morphology the echocardiography was administered.

India is the largest milk producer in the world. The dairy enterprise is inherent activity in rural India, encompassing all the agro-system. The prolonged inter-calving period due to anestrous / endometritis or repeat breeding in general term, results in lesser lactation number, less milk yield and lower number of calf / breedable heifer production. Any improvement in inter-calving period resulting in higher economic return will help in reducing the poverty level as well as improving the nutritional security.

Creating reasonable and sustainable livelihood security to masses is a major concern in the developing countries world over. The major challenge is creating reasonable livelihood security to landless and marginal farmers who comprise nearly 30% and 40% of rural families, respectively. Small dairies have been recommended as most acceptable and profitable venture. The present study has been undertaken to evaluate a concept of establishing small dairies by the resource poor farmers without involvement of any sizeable capital.

Functional foods and nutraceuticals may represent a novel therapeutic approach to prevent or attenuate diet-related disease. Nurses often fill the role of nutrition counselors of the patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between nurse’s knowledge and attitudes about functional foods and their recommendation, intentions toward functional foods. Ex Post Facto design was used to collect information from 50 nurses using a questionnaire.

Background and Purpose: A recent study reported promising clinical results using dynamic stretching and ballistic stretching as a warm-up exercise in improving vertical jump performance for basketball players. Objectives: This study aims to determine the acute effect of dynamic and Ballistic stretching in a warm up routines on vertical jump height in amateur basketball players. Methodology: In This experimental study sixty subjects of amateur basketball players with a mean age of 22.46+1.21, were randomised to Dynamic stretching, Ballistic stretching and control group randomly.

Economic Faces are but a gallery of pictures. "-Francis Bacon. Facies is the appearance of a facial expression of an individual. In the deviations from the normal facies lie subtle clues. These clues may point the keen observer not just to myriad possibilities from the coarse facies of inborn errors of metabolism to leonine facies, but at times can be the tell-tale symptom of the disease itself like syphilitic facies. Nevertheless the distinct appearance holds the clue to the diagnosis and is an integral part of clinical examination.

The geographical area of India spreads over 329 million hectares is endowed with a complex diversity of climate and soil; flora and fauna. Integrated Farming System (IFS) is the main source of livelihood of nearly 65% rural masses dependant on agriculture. To overcome the problem of lower profitability in IFS, the concept and models of Specialized Integrated Farming System (SIFS) has been developed with 4 components viz. basal crops, medium duration cash crops, super short/short duration cash crops and value addition. The basal crop provides support to system like IFS.

Livestock sector is the best and most effective tool for livelihood security and poverty alleviation. The present study was conducted between 1999 to 2012, covering the island ecosystem of Andaman & Nicobar islands, Terai belt and 6 districts of UP representing northern plains of India and having low levels of various micro-minerals.

Glucose The objective of this study was to understand the crucial factors that are helpful in building good employee relations, specifically in public sectors.The study determined that although the human resource function plays an important role in building strong Employee Relations in any organization measures of HR practices are not being properly implemented in state PSUs.

The levels of bromate in twenty bread samples obtained from some locations in Katsina metropolis were determined using spectrophotometric method. It was based on the redox reaction between bromate and promethazine in an acidic medium. This reaction produced a red-pink product with maximum absorption at 515nm.Prior to the quantitative determination; a qualitative test was carried out on a portion of each bread sample using 2cm3 of 0.01M promethazine and 0.6cm3 of 12M hydrochloric acid. The change in colour observed in each bread sample indicates the presence of bromate.

Niosomes are non-ionic surfactant based liposomes. Niosomes, the novel drug delivery system are self assembled vesicles primarily of synthetic surfactant incorporated with cholesterol as an excipient. They are the vesicles formed by hydrating the cholesterol and non-ionic surfactant. The main aim of niosome includes use of drug in efficient manner which includes reduced dose, reduced side effect, reduced dosage frequency, greater patient compliance and maximum concentration at the site of action so, that under exposure to the entire body.

Background: The rising trend in breast cancer worldwide and in India has become a matter of great concern.The most common site-specific cancer is breast cancer and also it is the leading cause of death from cancer in women.Geographical variations in incidence and mortality rates of breast cancer suggest that the known risk factors for breast cancer may vary in different parts of the world and that environmental factors are of greater importance than genetic factors.It is important to identify these factors in order to bring down the incidence, morbidity and mortality.One of the major modifi

Background: Cervico- diaphyseal angle or neck-shaft angle is the angle made by the neck of the femur with the femoral shaft. This angle had grabbed much attention of researchers and different studies with variable results were obtained. Aim: The aim of the study is to measure the neck-shaft angles on both gender types and on both sides and correlate it clinically.

The effect of aqueous extract of two herbs Tapinanthus bengwensis and Oscimum gratissimum treatment on Wistar Rats induced with diabetic streptozotocin (Zanosar) have been investigated. Their hypoglycemic properties were evaluated after treatment of separate groups of adult male and female rats weighing between 240-300g with 5% and 10% aqueous extract of the herbs for 16 days resulted in significant (p<0.05) reduction of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycated heamoglobin (HbA1c). Other paramaters investigated were insulin, glutathione (GSH) creatinine and urea.

Extended spectrum β- lactamases (ESBLs) are a group of enzymes which confer resistance to cephalosporins, monobactams and related oxyimino β-lactams. ESBLs are encoded by transferable conjugative plasmids which may also carry resistant determinants to other antimicrobials like aminoglycosides, limiting treatment options. ESBL’s are more prevalent in Klebsiella spp. than any other members of family enterobacteriaceae. The present study was carried out to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and to detect ESBL production in Klebsiella spp.

Introduction: Adult polycystic kidney disease is characterized by bilateral multiple renal cysts which is often accompanied by cyst formation in liver and pancreas. Although the disease is bilateral, renal involvement may be asynchronous and asymmetrical. There are some reports on unilateral ADPKD in literature. Risk of renal cell carcinoma in patients with ADPKD is controversial and reportedly <1%. We are reporting a case of unilateral ADPKD with focus of RCC presenting as a huge mass.

Objective: The present study aimed to clarify the role of visfatin in the pathogenesis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) complicated Metabolic Syndrome (MS). Materials and methods: 30 adult albino rats were included. Rats were divided into three equal groups: group I: served as control; group II: rats received high fat diet (HFD); group III: rats received visfatin injection. The serum levels of visfatin, sVCAM-1, insulin and fasting Serum glucose (FSG) levels were investigated for all groups.

Treatment of high output ECF is a challenging to the surgeon, especially in developing countries like India where the available resources and financial support to the patients are limited. The morbidity and mortality of these patients depend on nutrition. Providing nutrition by prolonged use of TPN is not feasible in all patients. Hence percutaneous T-tube placement is a simple technique which can be used to provide enteral nutrition.

Coccidiosis is a lethal managemental disease of poultry. It causes high mortality in affected flocks and results in the annual loss of millions of US dollars by the poultry industry. To control coccidiosis, yearly expenditures on anticoccidial drugs total approximately $650,000. For poultry producers, this is probably the largest expenditure for medication. In India and other developing countries where a large percentage of the population is unemployed, cheap food production is necessary.

Qualitative education plays an important role in technological advancement. Therefore, to prepare competent teachers, teaching technology has developed pre-service and in- service teacher education programmes. In order to make teacher education programme effective and to bring qualitative improvement, a need is felt to investigate the training of teaching skills at the micro level and teaching performance of student-teachers. The study envisages the effect of microteaching training in classrooms on teaching performance of student-teachers using pre and post experimental design.

In the present study E .coli was selected for the fermentative hydrogen production. The E. coli strain was isolated from sewage sample and identified based on gram staining and growth on selective media (EMB agar). Isolated E. coli was used for hydrogen production using sweet sorghum juice and sugarcane juice. The hydrogen produced by E. coli was estimated by water displacement method. The more amount of water was being displaced (420 ml) in 24 h by E. coli using sugarcane juice. Whereas 390 ml of water was displaced where the sweet sorghum juice used as a substrate.

Zooplanktons are good indicators for changes of water quality, because they are strongly affected by environmental conditions and respond quickly for the changes in environmental quality. The present study was carried out to examine the diversity and density of zooplankton in Ukkadam lake, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India, for the period of one year from May 2003 to April 2004.

Usually, the use of nitrogen fertilizer in vegetables growing area by farmers is too high. Study on nitrogen balance of cabbage at different soil conservation techniques was conducted in Talun Berasap, a vegetables growing area in Kerinci District, Indonesia in 2011. The aimed of this study were to determine the nitrogen recommendation application rate at different soil conservation techniques and to estimate the nitrogen fertilizer at Kerinci district.

The leadership style adopted by head teachers influence various aspects of the school effectiveness including teacher job satisfaction. However, there is still lack of clear understanding of the best and most effective leadership style or a mix of them that positively influence job satisfaction among teachers, especially in developing countries. This study was conducted between May and November, 2010, and sought to assess the effects of leadership style on job satisfaction of teachers among secondary schools.

Allantoin Allantoin is 2,5-dioxo-4-imidazolidinyl-urea that occurs naturally in plants and animals. A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the quantitative analysis of allantoin has been developed. Separation of allantoin from crude extract of leaves, stem and roots of Pisonia grandis was achieved using C18 column as a stationary phase and acetonitrile: phosphate buffer solution as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1 ml/min. Photo diode array detector (PDA) response was maximum at 200 nm. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 0.25 to 1.25 mg/ml.

Leaf blotch disease of small Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) caused by the fungal pathogen Phaeodactylium alpiniae was reported first in the year 1969. The disease appears during monsoon months at mild levels and never occurred at epidemic proportions. However there was an unusual and serious incidence of leaf blotch disease during 2010 and 2011 at various Cardamom plantations in Idukki Dist, Kerala. A detailed survey of leaf blotch disease was made at 31 localities. The disease incidence was found to be high in Mali region (92.1%) and least in Cumbummettu (15.8%).

The aim of the study is that the extraction of phytochemicals from Catharanthua Roseus and the identification of antitumour agent based on docking studies The Phytochemical compounds were extracted and the effect of absorption were calculated based on Lipinski’s rule. The list of phytochemicals was tested with Parameters and the effective ligand has been found. Finally we have observed that the ligand n-hexadecanoic acid has satisfied the conditions of Lipinski’s rule and docked effectively with the receptor.

Couroupita guianensis Aubl and Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb. are medicinal plants popularly used in traditional medicine to cure many ailments. The aims of this research were to screen the extracts of the leaves of the two medicinal plants for phytoconstituents, and to approve the antibacterial property of the extracts against four strains of bacterial species, namely, Escherchia coli, Klebsiela pneumoniae, Pseudomonas putida and Staphylococcus aureus.

An efficient and reproducible protocol for the large-scale propagation of Dendrocalamus asper was achieved using nodal segments as explants. .High frequency of multiple shoots was induced on Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium supplemented with Benzyl amino purine, BAP (8.86 µM) and adenine sulfate (13.5 µM). Regular sub-culturing carried out every 3 weeks on fresh shoot multiplication medium provided long term shoot cultures.

Background: Association between alcohol consumption and impairment of renal function is a well-documented fact. But, limited data is available on effect of quantity of alcohol consumption on renal function. As alcoholism is also associated with other organ damage, the present study was conducted to find out the correlation between quantity of alcohol consumption and renal function.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of underweight among adolescent of 11-16 years old using the 2007 WHO Child Growth Standards. Methods: This cross-sectional study was undertaken among 1879 school going children (939 boys and 940 girls) from rural area of Bankura District, West Bengal. Body weight (Kg) and height (cm) were measured according to standard procedure. Results: The overall prevalence of underweight was 53.27%. A high prevalence of underweight was found among girls (55.27%) than boys (51.1%).

Aim: To compare the anatomical and visual effects of posterior sub-tenon triamcinolone (PSTT) and intra-vitreal bevacizumab (IVB) when used as the primary treatment for diabetic macular edema (DME). Methods: In a retrospective comparative study, 58 eyes of 47 patients which have received either PSTT or IVB were analyzed. Twenty-six eyes had received PSTT 40mg/1mL of preservative free Triamcinolone-acetonide (Group I) and 32 eyes had received intravitreal injection of 1.25mg/0.05 mL of avastin (Group II).

The continuous decrease in cultivable land and land holding pattern is making agricultural enterprises less economical. Keeping this point in view the present study was conducted to develop suitable model(s) of rural poultry production based on semi-range system. A total of 907 farmers, out of 5,250 families in 65 villages, were given the chicks for evaluation studies and 34 families were monitored for impact. Chicks of dual purpose strain, Nirbhik, developed by Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar were provided in the batches of 250-300 per farmer.

The present study was conducted to assess the ameliorative effect of four herbal preparations namely Withania somnifera, Tinospora cordifolia, Azadirachta indica and E Care Se Herbal on the pathogenesis of chicken infectious anaemia virus (CIAV) in chicks. Ninety day old specific pathogenic free (SPF) chicks were randomly divided into six groups (A to F) in which the first four groups were fed with W. somnifera (1% pure extract), T. cordifolia (1% pure extract), A. indica (0.2% pure extract) and E Care Se Herbal (0.1% in drinking water), respectively, from the first day.

Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are recognized as an important foodborne pathogen, responsible for sporadic cases to serious outbreaks worldwide (Wani et al., 2003). The morbidity and mortality associated with several recent outbreaks due to STEC have highlighted the threat this organism poses to global public health. The present study describes the molecular characterization of STEC expressing five different serotypes (O157, O158, O114, O125 and O26) isolated from different sources in Egypt and investigates their clonal relationship.

The present investigation was carried out to standardize the method of extraction of juice and to study the effect of extraction method on yield and quality of pomegranate juice. Also the efforts were also made to standardize the recipe for preparation of spiced pomegranate juice by using selected processing techniques and explore the prepared product for commercial use. Further efforts were made to evaluate the chemical quality of prepared pomegranate juice enriched with spices for their nutritional and organoleptic quality. The juice was also analysed for shelf life study on both i.e.

The present investigation was carried out to standardize the recipe for preparation of pomegranate anardana powder by using selected processing techniques and explore the prepared anardana powder with spices in mouth freshner. Further mouth freshner was evaluated for nutritional, organoleptic quality and Techno-economic feasibility. Study revealed that the ascorbic acid, protein and fat content of anardana prepared from Ganesh and Arakta variety were 6.7mg/100g and 7 mg/100g, 1.3 percent and 1.4 percent and 0.91 and 0.92 percent respectively.

The silkworm, Bombyx mori being a monophagous insect, derives all the nutrients required for its growth from the mulberry leaves. The quality of silk produced by the silkworm depends on the quality and yield of mulberry leaf as well as environmental conditions. The larval and pupal parameters of silkworm Bombyx mori fed with silver nanoparticles (AgNps) treated V1 mulberry leaves, the following works have been considered.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
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