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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

July 2018

Platypnea-orthodeoxia is un uncommon syndrome associating dyspnea and refractory hypoxemia induced by upright posture. Multiple etiologies can be brought upfront: cardiac shunt (patent atrial septal defect), pulmonary resection and hepatopulmonary syndrome amongst others. Its diagnosis is made by ultrasonography, often misled by its nonspecific clinical presentation. We present an atypical case of patent atrial septal defect.

New paradigms are continuously developing in orthodontics. Paradigm shift is a fundamental change in the basic concepts and experimental practices of a scientific discipline. New idea generally experience great resistance from practitioners in the field and once the idea is accepted by various practitioners, a new paradigm begins. When this natural dentition state occurs, the face should also be in the perfect harmony and balance and the stomato-gnathic system should function ideally.

This is a review article about the potential neuroprotective activity of forskolin, a receptor-independent activator of adenylate-cyclase, associated to homotaurine, rutin, L-carnosine, vitamins B1, B2, B6, magnesium and folic acid in a food supplementation to patients affected by open angle glaucoma.

Background: Panoramic radiography is a two-dimensional dental x-ray that captures the entire mouth in a single image, including the teeth, upper and lower jaws, surrounding structures and tissues. The study was conducted to report the various findings on panoramic radiographs archives of retrospective data. Materials and Method: This study was conducted in the department of Oral Medicine & Radiology in Meenakshi Ammal Dental College & Hospital during the period August 2016 to September 2017. It included panoramic radiographs of 2000 patient images obtained for various reasons.

Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic, insidious, irreversible, progressive, scarring and debilitating potentially malignant disorder (PMD) involving the oropharynx and the upper part of the esophagus. It is characterized by juxta-epithelial inflammatory reaction and progressive fibrosis of lamina propria, leading to blanching, stiffness and rigidity of oral mucosa, and further trismus. OSMF is frequently seen in countries of south and south-east asia.

A quantitative research approach with quasi experimental design was adopted by the investigator to compare the effectiveness of medicat4d and non-medicated sitz bath on episiotomy wound healing among the postnatal mothers in selected hospitals at pudycherry. Sixty postnatal mothers were selected by simple random sampling technique. They were divided in two groups, 30 in Interventional group I with Medicated sitz bath (Butadiene 10%) and 30 in Intervention Group II with non- medicated sitz bath (105 F) were planned.

Background: Periodontal disease is a chronic disease of the oral cavity comprising a group of inflammatory conditions affecting the supporting structures of the dentition. Numerous markers in saliva have been proposed as a diagnostictests for periodontal disease such as intracellular enzymes and alkaline phosphatase is one amongst them. The purpose of this study was to determine the salivary levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities in patients with periodontal disease in smokers and non-smokers, and to compare them with ALP in healthy individuals.

The authors are commenting the article entitled “Sustained benefits from ranibizumab for central retinal vein occlusion with macular edema: 24-month results of the Crystal study” published by Larsen et al. in Ophthalmology Retina 2018;2(2):134-142.

Background: Banded Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a further modified standard RYGB which was designed in a view to achieve greater weight loss and avoid or diminish weight regain in the long term. There is conflicting evidence as whether the banded RYGB is better than standard non-banded type and lack of literature in this part of south India made us to conduct this study.

Background: Cervical lymphadenopathy is a very common problem encountered in hospital settings, particularly in children. Underlying cause can be evaluated by using various diagnostic modalities. FNAC is a simple, quick and inexpensive method for evaluation of enlarged cervical lymph nodes. FNAC in children is less popular as compared to its use in adults. Objective: To determine the utility of FNAC in diagnosing pediatric cervical lymphadenopathy. Methods: The study was conducted at Northern Railway Central Hospital, New Delhi, from January 2015 to December 2016.

Background: The coeliac trunk (hepatolienogastric trunk or “Tripus Hallery”) is the most important artery of the foregut. It arises at the level of T12 vertebra from the abdominal aorta. The branches of coeliac trunk (left gastric, common hepatic and splenic) considered as the normal appearance. The coeliac trunk variations have been reported which are common and usually asymptomatic.

Background: Epistaxis is defined as any bleeding arising from the nasal mucosa, it is the most vascularization of the nose and paranasal sinuses, which receive blood supply from the internal and external carotid systems. It is the most common ENT emergency situation¹ bearing a prevalence of about 10 to 12%4. Its incidence is of 30 cases for every 100,000 inhabitants and more then 87% of the patients seen by the ENT are admitted to a hospital8. The objective of this present study was Evaluation of etiology mainly non-traumatic and its associated factors.

Sustainability is the end goal of organic farming and sustainability includes social, economical and ecological components and these characteristics play an important role in influencing the farmers to practice organic dairy farming. As their education level and awareness about the advantages of the organic farming will influence them for conversion in to organic dairy farming. Indians being small and medium farmers the labour intensive nature of the various dairying aspects makes impossible for the small to medium farmers to get remunerative prices.

The awareness of aesthetics is increasing along with the patients expectations. Metal Ceramic restorations had been widely used past many decades in dentistry. Due to the advantages of all ceramic materials the use of these restorations is preferred. Restoring anterior aesthetics with Fixed Dental Prosthesis (FDP) considers facial , dental and gingival aesthetics. To achieve these, interdiciplinary approach is a good option of choice.

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by progressive joint damage, with very high morbidity and mortality. High level of serum uric acid is associated with a condition of ischemic injury, and aggravate the inflammatory process in RA, it is suggested that uric acid is associated with the degree of disease activity in RA. Aim: Determine the correlation between the degree of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis with level of serum uric acid in patients treated in Wahid in Sudirohusodo hospital Makassar and its network.

Nanotechnology is manipulating matter at molecular and atomic levels. It holds myriad potentials in the field of medicine and dentistry. The paper tries to provide the reader an insight about nanotechnology in dentistry by addressing its social, health and ethical impacts. Applications of nanotechnology in dental diagnostics, dental materials and preventive dentistry is discussed along with a peep into its future prospects.

Background: Urolithiasis has become a global problem with increased prevalence over last few years. Renal calculi formed usually comprises of calcium oxalate as a major constituent. Conventional treatments include use of vasodilators in early stage of urolithiasis, whereas, staghorn calculi requires Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy (ESWL) intervention which carries risk of renal injury and recurrence. They are also expensive, time bound and associated with side effects.

This is a case series study done at tertiary centre ,Prathima Institute Of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar in northern region of Telangana. Cases were diagnosed to have congenital heart disease by echocardiography performed by cardiologist. In our study of 40 patients, 40% of patients had VSD followed by ASD at 25% .Other congenital heart diseases like PDA and valvular heart disease were found to be at 11%. Tetralogy of Fallot was diagnosed in 3 patients.

Introduction: The choice of the therapeutic solution in the prosthesis is brieflyexplored field. The purpose of this study is to emphasize on factors influencing and guiding the patients towards a specific therapeutic option. Material and Methods: An epidemiological study has been achieved within the Prosthodontic Departments of University Hospital Center Ibn Rochd. It included all patients aged 18 years old and more treated in these departments during two months. The statistical methods used are descriptive.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to see the appearance of buccolingual dilacerations of the root on RadioVisioGraphy. Material and Methods: 50 buccolingually dilacerated extracted teeth were collected and graded based on the degree of severity of root curvature. They were then mounted on wax and examined on RVG. These RVG images were then categorized into five types as per Young Ho Kim et al. Objectives: I. To group the extracted dilacerated tooth based on the degree of severity of root curvature. II.

Background: A case-control study was conducted to study vitamin D receptor VDR-BsmI polymorphism with tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility in the different types of tuberculosis infection among Sudanese patients. Methods: One hundred and twenty tuberculosis patients with 46 apparently healthy controls were included for genotyping of the VDR-BsmI polymorphism using Polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR –RFLP).

Objective: To investigate the effect of chitosan (CH), a biocompatible polysaccharide, on the antibacterial property of polycarboxylatecements. Materials and methods: The conventional control group zinc polycarboxylatecements were manipulated in their original composition and for experimental groups, solutions of chitosan added to the commercial liquid in 0.2g/L (0.0044 wt%) concentration. Antibacterial effects against Streptococcus mutans were tested in two groups after 48 hours and the data were submitted to statistical analyses.

To A total of twenty Trichoderma strains were isolated from rhizospheric soils of tomato fields from different areas of Niaye zone, main area of horticulture production in Senegal. Identification of these Trichoderma isolates was based on morphological and cultural characters on potato dextrose agar medium. These strains were screened for the production of extracellular enzymes such as cellulase, L-Asparginase, chitinase and pectinase. The screening was done by following plate assay method on their respective solid media.

Apical extrusion of irrigants and debris is an inherent limitation associated with cleaning and shaping of root canals and has been studied extensively because of its clinical relevance as a cause of flare-ups. Many factors affect the amount of extruded intracanal materials. The purpose of this study was to assess the bacterial extrusion by using manual, Mtwo NiTi rotary system and V(variable) taper rotary instrumentation techniques. Thirty six human mandibular premolars were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis.

The cheek retractor is an indispensable aid in the field of orthodontics. It is of great importance for moisture control as well as for the provision of a clear field of view during intraoral photography. In this report, we present an innovative technique to modify the cheek retractor for simultaneous use of suction and high volume evacuation during the bonding procedure. Moreover, the use of the same cheek retractor for photographic purposes has been made possible with this modification. This modification leads to better patient comfort and minimal inventory.

The Nanodentistry is a science and technology of diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases, using nanoscale structured materials. Nanorobotics centers are self-sufficient machines which are functional at the nanoscale. The focus of this article is on application of nanoparticles in orthodontics. Nanotechnology, which concerns structures at the Nano scale, is considered as a vital current technology of the 21st century based on its economic and scientific potential.

Background: Zinc plays an important role in testicular development, spermatogenesis and sperm motility via its antioxidant properties in scanvenging reactive oxygen species. Objectives: This study sets out to determine the correlation of blood and seminal fluid zinc levels and semen parameters in Nigerian men with normal and abnormal semen parameters who were seen for infertility.

Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is an important medical condition which is on the increase in the past 50 years. It causes significant morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing nations of the world.. Literature review was carried out on the pathophysiology, clinical presentation, complications, diagnostic modalities, and various treatment options. Additional information was obtained by cross referencing on other related journals using computerized search.

The aim of this study was to assess the dental awareness prevailing among primary government school students. A cross-sectional school-based study design was carried out. School children from Mathur primary government school were involved in this study. Data were collected by using structured pre and post questionnaires. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the dental awareness of primary school children regarding their oral health and dental treatment. This study included 300 primary school students from Mathur, Kanchipuram district, Tamilnadu. Data were analyzed.

Aim of the study: To study the morphological and morphometric study of the menisci of the knee joint and its clinical significance. Objectives: To estimate the incidence of different shapes of the medial and lateral menisci and the incidence of discoid meniscus. To evaluate the morphometric variations in the menisci. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out over a period of three years in the Department of Anatomy, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai.

By the use of micro-implants, molar distalization has become easier. The adverse effect of molar distalization on anterior teeth can be avoided by the use of micro-implants. A 15 years old female patient reported with chief complaint of space in upper front teeth region and abnormal positioning of a tooth. On examination it was found that 13 is buccaly impacted and 11 is high labially placed and dilacerated. The 11 was brought into the arch after creating sufficient space. The 16 was distalized using micro-implants. The 14 and 15 was distalized and space is created for 13.

Context: A large number of patients are admitted to hospitals in large cities without any identification. These “unknown” patients represent a unique problem in developing countries. There is no systematic study in world literature on this subgroup of patients. Aims: to elucidate the natural history and outcome of traumatic brain injury patients admitted in the department of neurosurgery as “unknowns”. Settings and design: retrospective analysis of all traumatic brain injury patients admitted to the department of neurosurgery as “unknowns”, between January 2017 and December 2017.

Restoring of missing teeth is significant for functional and/or esthetic capacity. Although edentulism is one of the most common problems that the dentist treats, there is lack of knowledge in the community toward replacement of missing teeth. The aim of this study is to check the awareness and the attitude among Qassim's community toward replacement of Missing teeth including: the causes of replacement, obstacles of not replacing teeth and the source of knowledge for the population.

The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing the perception of the community on zoonosis in Surajpur district of Chhattisgarh. The Study was conducted in all six block of Surajpur District of Chhattisgarh which is located in northeast direction of Chhattisgarh. A questionnaire based cross sectional study was design to look on the perception of the community on zoonosis. The respondent were stratified in to four group Veterinarian, Physician, Livestock owner and pet owner A simple random sampling method was employed for sampling of data from Livestock owner and pet owner.

In this study, the HYbrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model is used to simulate the deposition of PM2.5 aerosol particles emitted by biomass fires in the Baoulé loop, from the locality of Neguela in Mali. This simulation is done through the calculation and the analysis of backward trajectories maps in height configuration for the attribution of the sources as well as the deposition maps. The sources are located along the backward trajectoires.

Heart is mentioned in many spiritual wisdom traditions. It is said that the heart plays a crucial role in determining our physical reality. In this work, we refer to the heart mentioned in a spiritual context as spiritual heart. We explore the use of quantum physics to explain how and why the spiritual heart determines our physical reality. In our previous work, we demonstrated that everyone and everything is made of matter, energy, and information.

In this research paper the researcher analyzes the effect of extraverted personality in empty nest syndrome in middle aged women. 480 women were selected from twin city of Bhilai and Durg. The data was collected by using Empty Nest Syndrome Questionnaire and Personality Test Questionnaire. Mean, Standard Deviation and ANOVA were used for analyzing the data. The finding reveal that extraverted middle aged women have less feeling of empty nest syndrome than introverted middle aged women.

The objective of present study was to assess the perception of extension service providers’ towards demand driven extension approach that was implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture under the auspices of National Agricultural and Livestock Extension Programme guided by National Agricultural Extension Policy. The study used Ex-post facto survey design. Simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select the study area and the sample. One set of questionnaire was used to collect data from extension service providers.

The rapidly growing population of our nation and its far reaching consequences in economic, social, physical, environmental domains of India is a major cause of concern. Various government projects/programs have been implemented for the past 65years in fields of maternal &child health, family planning, primary education, women empowerment etc. But still Government is yet to achieve its target. India is a huge country and any plan of action can be successful only if it is implemented from grass root level.

Hiwarekar (2012) recently introduced a new scheme in cryptography the construction of which is based on the Laplace transform of the Maclaurin series of a C∞ function tk (rt). (Gupta and Mishra, 2014) posit that the single-iteration procedure offers a weak encryption scheme by showing that cyphertext messages can be decrypted by elementary modular arithmetic, and stating that the procedure is independent of the Laplace transform.

Background: Depression is a common psychological disorder in the world today. Despite the fact that a number of studies have been conducted on depression among the general youth population, limited studies have been done on the youth in the church especially those who have fallen victims of premarital pregnancies. There is an assumption that youths in the church don’t suffer the same way psychologically like those youths who are not in the church.

The mechanism to implement local leader election must conform with political development, people dynamic, and democratic progress at the place where the election was held. Therefore, the objective of this research was to understand, review, describe, and also analyze the second round of the 2017 DKI Jakarta’s local leader election (pilkada), which was implemented through direct election method. Research type was qualitative with constructivism paradigm.

The aim of this study is to test if intelligence is a proxy for human capital across nations. Our findings show that cognitive abilities are significantly correlated with HDI, literacy and PISA scores across countries. Moreover, we find that that human capital is correlated with economic development. Our results suggest that IQs simply captures the quality of human capital across nations.

Spam detection in emails has been a standard classification problem since decades. But nowadays, emails are only a small part of our digital conversations. Instant messengers, for example, are a huge source for spam messages and images these days. This paper proposes an application of deep CNN’s to help classify these images into three main classes: Important, Acceptable and Spam. Acceptable are those images which might be irritating, but are not necessarily Spam, e.g. Good Morning messages.

In 1970, Gentry and Hoyle have defined and studied the notion of c-conti-nuity in topological spaces. Later, Long et al and Gauld have studied some more properties of c-continuity in the literature. In 1965, O. Njastad, had defined the concept of α-sets, latter these sets were called as α-open sets. 1983,Mashhour et al have defined and studied the concepts of α-closed sets, α-continuity, α-openness and α-closedness in topological spaces. In this paper, we define and study the concepts of c-α-continuity, c-continuity, c*--continuity and almost c-continuity in topological spaces.

Local autonomy age requires the presence of bureaucratic neutrality. Fulfilling this requirement is a fundamental challenge, which the successful achievement will receive a public spotlight. Excellent quality of public personnel is very important for bureaucratic neutrality, especially for the implementation of local autonomy in Pasuruan City. The objective of research is, firstly, to describe the planning for improving public personnel quality to develop bureaucratic neutrality in Pasuruan City Government, and secondly, to analyze factors that support and constrain this planning.

Nyepi day as a commemoration of Saka new year by Hindus in Bali and coupled ucapara Tawur Kesanga and ogoh-ogoh art as the embodiment of bhuta kala or negative energy that exist in man (buana alit) and universe (buana agung). The purpose of this research is to revitalize the identity of Balinese people through ogoh-ogoh art. This research uses qualitative research method by doing observation, interview with some respondent and recording field.

Introduction: Children are major consumers of health; they are the wealth of tomorrow. Oral hygiene is practiced every morning involving rubbing of the hard and soft palate, upper and lower gums, inner aspects of cheek, under surface and over surface of tongue and the teeth with or without tooth powder or paste probably. Children under the age of five years generally spend most of their time with parents and guardians, especially mothers, even when they attend preschool or nurseries.

Internship or practicum phase is viewed by teaching interns as the most beneficial and valuable component of their training. What they learned throughout their undergraduate training is put to a test as they now practice and learn the rudiments of the teaching profession. Yet teaching interns (TIs) learn differently from each other and are grouped when they go to their respective school assignments. How do we group or cluster teaching interns in order to maximize teaching performance?

Occupational and safety issues have a connection with various components in the regional economy since the provisions of health, hygiene and safety in the workplace contributes to economic growth processes in a number of ways. This paper attempts to examine the socio-economic conditions of the workers in SSIs and to assess the magnitude of common occupational health and safety measures among workers in SSIs and also to find out the major occupational health problems that are being faced by the workers in SSIs. This study is mainly based on primary data.

With the rise of sitcoms and television series arises the question of how gender and its attributes are represented in the contemporary world. It is impossible to step out of the narrative of gender, which implies that either gender roles and stereotypes can be conformed to, or not conformed to. The show has been mostly located within the post-modern culture as it is self-reflexive by nature, it includes elements of Baudrillard’s Simulacre, it inculcates within itself Marxist and nihilistic ideas mostly shown through its anti-capitalist nature and Morty’s take on life.

Introduction: Neonatal sepsis is a systemic infection usually caused by bacteria with consequences so severe that they can cause the death of newborns. In our country, neonatal sepsis varies from one hospital to another, being the second cause of mortality in newborns. Objective: The purposes of this study were to determine the incidence rate of neonatal sepsis, early and late neonatal sepsis, as well as the mortality rate and its association with gestational age and days of hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the General Hospital of Specialties "Dr.

Background: There is a need for a simple and clinically oriented severity scoring system that can predict mortality of acute pancreatitis within 24 h of presentation. Early recognition of severe disease would enable the clinician to consider more aggressive interventions within a time frame that could potentially prevent adverse outcomes.

The cropping pattern in West Bengal has undergone a major change in the recent past, moving away from cereal to non-cereal crop cultivation. This shift has primarily been towards horticulture crops; influenced by the growth of technology, modernization, and changes in food habits. Horticulture has been one of the fastest-growing crop group within agriculture in India as well as in West Bengal.

Nowadays, derived from the situation that exists in Mexico, the government has put special attention on the development plans and programs to the promotion of new companies, its main focus being the target market for young people. Thus, in the stage of professional training, actions are promoted within the study programs with contents related to entrepreneurship, generating subjects that focus on the creation of companies, whose ultimate goal is to consolidate and become sources generating jobs and that contribute to the gross domestic product.

This study aimed to assess the listening and reading comprehension proficiency of the public elementary and high school teachers in Cebu, Philippines. The descriptive research design, simple frequency counts and percentage distributions were used in this research. Four hundredpublic school teachers in the Province of Cebu Philippines were the respondents of this research: two hundred teachers from the elementary and two hundred from high school. A teacher-made test was used to assess the listening and reading comprehension proficiency of the teachers.

Education is one of the key factors in the effectiveness and speed of economic development. Improving and changing social relations depends mostly on the knowledge and on the level of education of people. Modern development requires new knowledge and the need for them is constantly growing. The quality of human resources is a dynamic element of development policy. Its mobility and adaptability accelerates and improves change.

This study gives insights on the reasons for waving of hands as an Ethno-Malayan practice of prayer and worship during the singing of Gozos, Bato Balani sa Gugma and its cultural parallel implications to teacher education curriculum. The researchers used qualitative method through in depth interview of the participants. The lyrics of the Gozos was integrated during the actual interview of the devotees and thematic analysis was used to confirm common themes and their experiences with the anthology behind the song.

The purpose of this study was to examine effective communication management and the performance of tertiary institutions in Cross River State. Three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted a correlational design and was conducted using Cross River State College of Education, Akamkpa as case study. A proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used to select 30 per cent each from a total of 176 academic staff and 215 Non-academic staff in the institution.

This study focused specifically on determining the extent to which duration of vocational training influence university graduates job performance in baking and computer business enterprises respectively. In achieving this, two research questions were raised and two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of this study include a total of 123 baking business and 208 computer business centres in the Area.

Background: Microalbuminuria is considered to be an early stage of diabetic nephropathy as well as marker of cardiovascular disease. Objective: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and predictors of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic subjects of Bangladesh. Subjects and methods: A total of 578 type 2 diabetic patients (male 308, female 270) with the mean age of 51.00±7.0 years were analyzed. Different biochemical parameters e.g.

This paper aimed at determining the factors influencing entrepreneurship performance in Tanzania with a specific reference to Kinondoni Municipality. The study was guided by the following objectives; examining the government policies which must be adopted to improve entrepreneurship performance; and assessing whether the existing government policies have capability to enhance Small and Medium entrepreneurship (SME) in Tanzania. The study adopted a case study methodology. A total of 30 respondents were drawn from different entrepreneurs who are dealing with small and medium businesses.

Enhancement of food safety is the major interest by increasing interest in natural preservatives, which has antioxidant, antimicrobial properties and more healthy specially in meat which is highly susceptible to microbial growth, it is which can cause its spoilage and contributes to food borne diseases in human, resulting in serious health problems.

This paper examined critical factors which affect adaptation of E-learning in Higher Learning Institutions (HLIs) in Tanzania. The Study was guided by these specific objectives: to examine critical barriers of E-learning acceptance with focus on organizational culture or perception on E-learning ;to examine critical barriers of E-learning adaptation with reference to E-learning infrastructure; to ascertain critical barriers of E-learning acceptance with focus on quality content creation of E-learning content.

This paper aimed at analyzing “Factors Affecting Effective Implementation of Training Programs in Tanzania‘s Parastatal Organizations, the case of TANESCO, Dar-es-Salaam and Coastal Zone offices. The study was consistently guided by following objectives: to find out whether Tanesco has workable annual training program; to identify whether the yearly training program.

Comparison of selected oral microorganisms among intellectual disabled people and normal people Objective: The aim of this study is to determine and evaluate the types and prevalence of selected microorganisms in the oral cavity of intellectual disabled patients compared to normal people. Material and methods: This study included sixty participants aged from 14-24 years old, 30 control healthy participants, and 30 case of intellectually disabled participants from the female day care center school diagnosed as intellectually disables.

Information regarding distribution of zinc in soils is important for understanding its chemical reactions and bioavailability in wetland as well as upland rice soils for application of fertilizers and increasing yield of reice plants. Thus, a study on relationship between physico-chemical properties and DTPA-extractable Zn content of rice soils were done, for that thirty six surface soil samples (0-20cm) were collected from different paddy fields of four valley districts of Manipur namely Imphal-east, Imphal-west, Thoubal and Bishnupur district using Stratified Random Sampling. .

Many developing countries are faced with insurmountable levels of urban solid wastes especially in the residential areas. This research aimed at investigating factors influencing urban household’s decision to participate in solid waste recycling and the intensity of recycling urban solid wastes through various recycling outlets using a two stage Heckman Model. A multinomial logit model was used to investigate urban household’s choice of recycling outlets.

The main concept of the complementary and alternative therapy refers to therapies used together with conventional medicine as well as therapies used in place of conventional medicine. In the modern era the word holism is more often coined with the nursing practice. There has been a substantial increase in the use of yoga and other complementary and alternative medicine even among the modern health care professionals everywhere in the world.

The present investigation was carried out to know the proximate composition of flesh of the fish Puntius gonionotus. Lipid from fish flesh was extracted and some analytical tests of the crude lipid were carried out to ascertain some of its physical and chemical characteristics of the fish. The fish was found to contain moisture (71.510.93) %, protein (22.210.92) mg/100 gm, lipid (5.240.64) mg/100 gm, ash (1.020.5) mg/100 gm.

Today orthodontic treatment is in growing demand and it is not limited to a specific age or social group. The nature of orthodontic treatment is such that the orthodontic wires and appliances, which are used to apply force and move the teeth, are exposed to the oral cavity. Orthodontic appliances or parts of orthodontic appliances are accidentally swallowed and have caused problems by entering either into the airway or the gastrointestinal tract. The broken orthodontic appliances, or components and dental instruments are the second most commonly ingested objects in adults.

The poor oral bioavailability of manydrugs is mainly due to the poor aqueous solubility, chemical instability and preabsorptive metabolism. Numerous approaches have been developed for enhancement of oral bioavailability and are currently in the clinical application. Even though, some drugs do not meet the required clinical application due to the patient compliance and ineffective therapeutic levels. Vesicular delivery systems are considered as alternative delivery for the enhancement the bioavailability of this category of drugs.

The problem of substance abuse is growing at an explosive rate and in just little over a decade it has spread its malevolent tentacles to every part of the global part. Hence a descriptive study was conducted to assess the knowledge on substance abuse among B.Tech students at selected colleges of Faridabad. Sample of 100 B.Tech students was taken using convenience sampling technique. Self structured questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge level.

Financial institutions go through some steps to create compelling and well-organized strategies for sustainable business success. This paper aimed to determine the strategic marketing practices of financial institutions mainly in Region IX, in the Philippines. The descriptive survey method was used aided with the standardized questionnaire by Jaakkola et al. (2010). Market orientation, innovation orientation, and marketing assets and capabilities were variables used to determine the strategic marketing of selected financial institutions. There were ninety (90) respondents of the study.

The present study investigates comparative study on biodegrdation of azo dyes by Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from environmental and clinical samples. The samples were collected from environmental such as water contaminated with dyes and clinical samples such as throat, pus and urine samples Klebsiella pneumoniae. The azo dye used in this study namely Congo red, Methyl red, Methyl orange, Eriochrome black T. K. pneumoniae isolated from clinical samples degrades higher percentage of Methyl red 88.76% and Congo red 66.45% and least percentage of Methyl orange 7.00%.

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis is by far the most common ulcerative lesion encountered by the practicing dentist and various drugs have been tried out in the management of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Rebamipide tablet and Amlexanox oral paste have shown promise in relieving the patients from this miserable condition, therefore these new drugs have been tried in treating patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis. The basic aim of this study was to test the efficacy of 5% Amlexanox oral paste and Rebamipide tablets in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

In This work is the result of research conducted on a dam in Cameroon. The aim is to study the variation of flow through the intake of a penstock in order to highlight its influence on the entire structure. For this fact, a study is conducted by a 2D numerical approach under FLUENT (6.3.26). It is clear from this work that the shape of the structure upstream and the intake have a real impact on the structure of the flow, it is the same for the flow rate of water that arrives upstream. The structure of the flow is unstable, the maximum speed is observed not far from the wall.

DNA Barcoding is a new taxonomic approach for identifying biological specimens and managing species diversity. Intraspecific variation in a sequence is in order of magnitude less than that observed inter-specifically and this provides the means by which species are differentiated. It is also being used as a research tool for refining the understanding of biological diversity, and as a system for assigning biological samples to their species of origin.

Background: Pregnancy has a profound effect on the thyroid gland and its function. Hypothyroidism complicates 0.3-0.7% of all pregnancies. Most common cause of hypothyroidism in pregnancy is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Women with thyroid autoimmunity are twice as likely to experience spontaneous miscarriages. Hence, there is a need to screen for subclinical hypothyroidism and thyroid autoimmunity in pregnancy, especially in women with a history of miscarriages.

Growing concern of the planet due to heavy consumption of sand and coarse aggregate in concrete made it a necessity to find way through sustainable construction practices. Gigantic numbers of building and destruction trashes are produced in emerging countries like India. The clearance of these trashes is serious problem because it requires huge space. Recycled concrete can produce an alternative aggregate for structural concrete as partial or total replacement.

Background: Worldwide, cervical cancer comprises 12% of all cancers in women and 2,31,000 women die of cervical cancer every year, over 80% of whom live in developing countries. Across India cervical cancer is the commonest preventable cancer reported from all cancer registries except those in Mumbai and Delhi where breast cancer is the commonest. Aims and Objectives: 1. To do cervical cancer screening by VIA and VILI. 2. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of VIA, VILI. 3.

Objectives: The present study reports the clinical and functional features of the current of drug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in patients withchronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). Material and Methods: The present study reports the 180 patients who were examined in therapeutic departments of Tuberculosis Hospital No. 4 in Baku, which is the base of the Phthisiatry Department of the Azerbaijan Medical University from January 2013 to December 2017. Results: Among the examined were 33 women and 147 men aged 41 to 69 years.

E.coli growth was good in 37ºC , This bacteria was indicator of water pollution, This was present in human intestine , If temperature was increase it was create infection of abdomen and indication of infection of abdomen Escherichia coli cells will grow over a temperature range of about 40°C, and remarkably, the cell growth rate increases in response to increasing temperature like a simple chemical reaction in a central normal range of its growth temperatures .

The paper discusses austempering process performed at the first step in cold environment friendly liquid and then, at the second step, quenched products go immediately for tempering at a temperature equal or higher of martensite start temperature Ms. The new technology is based on discovered new characteristics of transient nucleate boiling process where surface temperature maintains at the level of boiling point of a liquid relatively a long time.

Gallbladder agenesis (GA) is an extremely rare condition. Some people with this rare condition can refer to hospital with biliary colic-like symptoms. This can lead to patients being misdiagnosed and unnecessarily operated. Here a 58-year-old female patient who presented with complaints of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain is presented. Because of the pain in the back of the epigastric region, high serum amylase and lipase values, it was thought to be acute pancreatitis.

In the present research work, mouth dissolving tablets of bendroflumethiazide were prepared by direct compression method with a view to enhance patient compliance. Mouth dissolving tablets have many numbers of advantages over the conventional tablets like rapid disintegration, faster dissolution, Ease of administration and quick onset of action etc. Two super-disintegrants, viz., croscarmellose sodium and sodium starch glycolate in different ratios with microcrystalline cellulose along with mannitol to enhance mouth feel.

Internationalization of Education has become one of the priorities in higher education, in order to produce people who could function in a diverse work environment with broad international culture. Internationalization of Philippine Higher Education Institution has become in a mantra as the country aims to be academically relevant in the network of interconnected global market. The study investigated the extent of the cultural pluralism of Higher Education Institutions in Cebu as means of internationalization of education.

Background: Adolescence is a transitory period in an individual’s life. It is a fascinating stage as the individual goes through a period of adjustments. Objective(s): This study inquired into the phenomenon of teenage pregnancy and aims to narrate the experiences of teenage parents as they take in their role. Methods: It utilized the narrative inquiry to teenage mothers from Cebu City with age range of 13 to 17 years of age, and whose partner may be living together or not. Individual interview was done however, there was no specific guide questions used.

Introduction: While mesh hernioplasty is increasingly getting popular, anatomical repair of ventral hernia is still commonly done by surgeons. In this study we have compared the effectiveness of mesh hernioplasty versus anatomical repair in the treatment of primary midline ventral hernias. Material and Methods: 30 patients of primary midline ventral hernia were treated by mesh hernioplasty while 30 patients were treated by anatomical repair. Results were compared in terms of duration of surgery, local complications and recurrence.

Denim garments are unlikely to fade from public eye as the versatility that these garments carry remains unmatched till date. The denim apparels can be spotted anywhere from mannequins in malls to people roaming on streets. The fad for denim has spread its tentacles everywhere around the globe suggesting its durability. So the study focuses on “Denim – the time less fabric an approach towards re–use in lower garment”. 90% of respondents like the concept of re–use of the old denim.

Nanotechnology is a branch of biology which deals with study of nano-materials, nanoparticles and its applications. Nowadays, nanotechnology occupies a large area due to its importance in the entire field. Pharmacological industries and textile industries were solely dependent on the use of nanoparticles. Biological method is a good alternative source for the production of nanoparticles as compare to physical method and chemical methods. Microorganisms provide good alternative for the same due to its large availability and cheapest investment.

Introduction: Among specific nutritional factors that may be in deficit without overt malnutrition, Vitamin D is significant and has been associated with active Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB). Previous reports have shown that vitamin D deficient people had higher risk of developing active PTB which in turn also influence disease outcome. Objective: To study Vitamin D status in PTB patients and its correlation to disease severity and sputum positivity. Material and Methods: 120 adult PTB patients and 60 healthy controls were recruited.

Childhood and adolescent rates of obesity and overweight are continuing to increase in much of the world. Most of them begin as early as the ages of 5 and 6 years, or during adolescence. Obesity is indeed a major public health concern due to its huge negative impact on the society at large which is well supported by evidence-based literatures. Risk factors such as diet composition, excess caloric intake, decreased exercise, genetics, and the built environment are active areas of etiologic research.

This study was conducted in the 5 selected coastal barangays of Davao del Sur namely Brgy. Tagabuli, Sta. Cruz, Brgy. Punta Biao, Digos City, Brgy. Bucana, Hagonoy, Brgy. Balasinon, Sulop and Brgy. Bagumbayan, Malalag. These barangays were the Program Partners during the implementation of the Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) – Mangrove Rehabilitation Project due to suitability requirements. These were also declared by the Philippine Government as the identified Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) in the region.

The present study was aimed to see the effect of intelligence and motor skill learning upon adolescent boys. For the present study, 100 boys from age group i.e. 12,13,14 and 15 years respectively were selected from various schools of Chhattisgarh. In all 400 adolescent boys were selected. To assess motor educability of adolescent boys Johnson’s test of motor educability (1932) was used. while intelligence, Malhotra’s (1984) Mixed Type Group Test of Intelligence (MGTI) was used.

Percutaneous pinning after closed reduction is commonly used to treat supracondylar fractures of the humerus in children. Minor pin tract infections frequently occur. The aim of this study was to prevent pin tract infections using a rubber stopper to reduce irritation of the skin against the Kirschner (K) wire following percutaneous pinning. Between July 2016 and June 2017, seventeen children with closed supracondylar fracture of the humerus of Gartland types 2 and 3 were treated with this technique.

It is very risky to arrange green lands and install urban furniture at touristic regions. Moreover, these areas are functional for only 3-4 months per year by visitors. The goal of this study is to develop a “portable garden” concept where green islands and urban furniture are used. At the end of the theoretical study, three sample portable gardens were designed using 3dsMax software. It is expected that the study will contribute to the environmental planning of protected urban areas in the future.

Introduction: The aim of the study is to describe an uncommon location of Telangiectatic Granuloma with intra bony defect. Etiology of the it has been associated with chronic irritation, trauma. Synergistic effects seen with presence of plaque, calculus, regular use of orthodontic appliances, iatrogenic factors is also attributed. The Telangiectic granuloma is most frequently located in the vestibular gingiva of the maxillary anterior region.

The Cloud computing is the development of parallel Computing, Distributed Computing and Grid Computing. The Cloud Computing is not a very new concept because it is connected to Grid Computing Paradigm, whose concept came into thirteen years ago. Cloud computing is not only related to grid computing but also related to utility and cluster computing. Cloud computing is computing platform for sharing resources which include software’s, business process, infrastructure and applications. It is also relies on technology of virtualization.

Beta 2 microglobulin (B2M) is a small ~11KD protein. Increased level of Beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) leads to several diseases like amyloidosis, peripheral arterial disease, coronary heart disease, cancer and inflammatory diseases. B2M downstream signalling is mediated by activation of the protein kinase A/cyclic AMP (cAMP) mediated by potential interaction with Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling in humans.

Background: MMR acts as a marker of general health of a country and is an indicator of risk of death once a woman becomes pregnant. Purpose: To review the effects of JSSY by evaluating the MMR and assessing the epidemiological aspects and causes of maternal mortality. Methods: Retrospective study included maternal mortality in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur from 1st Jan 2009 to 30th April 2014. All maternal mortality from 1st Jan 2009 to 30th April 2014. Data collection and analysis from vital statistic register and mortality records were done.

The author of this Paper has reviewed and analyzed purposively selected reports of mass media (“mainstream media”), i.e. electronic and print media, especially in the Western world, for instance in Germany concerning the unrest insome towns of Oromia and Amhara Regional States of Ethiopia in autumn 2016.However, the question is, what happened really in Ethiopia on the ground during the unrest in Ethiopia in autumn 2016? The news about the unrest in Ethiopia in autumn 2016 was manipulated, i. e. it was fake news. But what is fake news?

Background and Aim: Hepatobiliary manifestations are amongst the most important extraintestinal manifestations in chronic ulcerative colitis patients. There is paucity of data on hepatobiliary alterations in ulcerative colitis patients from India. The study was carried out to evaluate the hepatobiliary alterations in ulcerative colitis patients admitted to a tertiary care centre in Odisha. Methods: Consecutive patients 0f Ulcerative colitis admitted to Gastroenterology Department SCB Medical College, Cuttack from 0ct 2013 to April 2015 were included in the study.

Introduction: Life on earth is not possible without water; one of the essential constituent of the environment. This study was designed to assess the quality of productivity and water quality of fish pond water in National Fish Farm Kathua and hand pump water of Kathua regions (Barnoti and Nihalpur). Method: Sample was collected in the month of April 2018.

The main objective is to review the scientific literature regarding dance and physical demand. Databases concerning physical activities have been revised: Scopus and Proquest. In medical sciences: PubMed, Medline and Medes. In social sciences: Dialnet and PHD databases: Teseo, and other databases have been selected next to 34 JCR articles, and it’s content makes reference to the physical training of the dancers.

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Tuberculosis (TB) co-infection is a lamentable medical phenomenon and CD4 count among them is a surrogate marker of their immune status.Objectives: 1. To study the epidemiological profile of HIV –TB co-infected subjects. 2. To study the CD4 count status among HIV, TB and HIV-TB co-infected patients both at diagnosis (pre treatment) and after initiation of treatment.

There is a good number of foreign students in many universities in the Philippines, but these students encountered listening dilemmas which hindered their learning. In this paper, the researcher randomly chose fifty (50) participants from 18 different nationalities to determine their listening anxiety levels, their causes, as well as the coping strategies they used in hurdling their listening difficulty.

Introduction: Significant mortality and morbidity is caused by Tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries like India. Direct ZiehlNeelsen (ZN) sputum smear microscopy for the detection of AFB remains the most important diagnostic test for TB. But the sensitivity of this method in diagnosing pulmonary TB is discouragingly low. One approach to the improvement of sputum smear microscopy is the application of chemical pretreatment to disrupt sputum structure, separate clumps of mycobacteria, and concentrate bacilli, thereby increasing the probability of their detection.

Mixed and unpredictable performance of pupils taught in private and public primary schools both at Kenya Certificate of Primary Education (KCPE) and Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) exams is still a challenge in Kenya despite documentation that private primary schools produce better school leavers than public primary schools. This study was set to compare academic performance of private and public primary school leavers at KCSE in Kericho County. Two County schools; (a girls’ and a boys’ school) were randomly selected out of six County schools.

Cytotoxic effect of tobacco both in vivo and in vitro is confirmed by a wealth of scientific evidences available in literature. It is established that smokeless tobacco related tissue damage is related to reactive oxygen species production in oral cells, peritoneal macrophages, hepatic mitochondria and microsomes. In the present study, it is explored to compare the cytotoxic effects of three different tobacco samples and cyto-protective effects of three different plant extracts.

The study is carried out as retrospective and prospective observational studies to analyze the cancer characteristics, therapeutic approaches and the state of depression in Breast cancer patients. Breast cancer is one of the highly prevalent female specific carcinomas, however, the rarity of male breast cancers is observed. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been shown to be a useful strategy in the treatment of Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) because it results in tumor downstaging benefits. This study agrees with what Chintamani et al.

The influence of public management and the introduction of quality management, with the successive reforms of Moroccan public administration, have accelerated the transposition of new tools and management practices from the private to publicsector. The experiences of Moroccan local communes in implementing quality approaches in their management style are too limited. With the large yards restructuring and the new constitution, the powers of municipalities are expanding, and the process of decentralization hasin creased to give more track maneuver to local communities.

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens BS36 isolated from soil was tested for its biosurfactant production potential by utilizing different natural waste carbon substrates and its insecticidal activitywas evaluated. Among several natural substrates used in the present study, orange peel was found to be best substrate for biosurfactant production yield with surface tension of 80.04 mN/m and emulsification activity of 65%. Plackett-Burman experimental design was used to maximize biosurfactant production.

Background: Literacy is an undeniable necessity that enables individuals in any community to lead a socially productive life. Literacy in medicine and dentistry implies the ability of people to understand health information presented to them and make informed decisions regarding their health care. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is an association between literacy in medicine and literacy in dentistry and also whether the medical and dental literacy scores had an influence on lifestyle factors.

The operating environment for business has become very volatile and dynamic following increased innovation and globalization. This has meant that organizations have to constantly be ready to develop and implement new strategies that would boost their competitiveness. Diversification is developing as one of the most important growth strategies adopted by firms to boost performance. Some firms that have adopted diversification strategies have succeeded while others have failed.

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is very unusual type of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and occurs mostly in patients of neurofibromatosis. The occurrence of MPNST in breast tissue is particularly rare. Only 8 cases have been reported till date in absence of history of neurofibromatosis. We are reporting such case in a 30 years old male who presented with hard and painless breast lump for 3 months. Patient was treated with wide local excision and surgical specimen was submitted for histopathological examination.

Heavy metals and aflatoxins contaminated crops are considered a big problem threatening animals and humans. The relationships between heavy metal mixture in contaminated soil and certain fungi produced aflatoxins are studied. The role of commercial chitosan as bi-functional agent was studied too. Chitosan powder 1% realized high heavy metals adsorbance efficacies in both soil and reduces its availability in obtained plants. This study focuses also on developing an effective technology for treatment of aflatoxins and available heavy metals-contaminated soil.

Plasma cell mucositis is a chronic, multifocal, non-neoplastic plasma cell proliferative disease of upper aerodigestive tract having unknown etiology, very rare condition with less than 50 cases reported in literature till now. The present case reported unifocal variant of such lesion of lower lip in elderly female patient presenting clinically as painless papular growth of oral commisure having nodular mucosal horns with erythematous to velvety surface changes extending towards lower lip since last one year associated with pain and pharyngitis.

The objective of this study was to explore the factors affect the implementation of cooperative learning and increase motivation, and interpersonal relationships in first year psychology department students’ classroom. The study involved descriptive survey design. Participants of the study were Wolaita Sodo University, school of education and behavioral science and specifically at department of psychology first year students who are enrolled in the university programs in 2016/17 academic year. Since first year psychology students are 50 in number and grouped into one to five functions.

This survey research sought to provide information to various stakeholders of money deposit banks on the critical factors inhibiting firms from discharging social responsibility in Nigeria. A survey questionnaire was used to collect primary data on factors that inhibit CSR practice, by Nigerian deposit money banks. Archival documents and analysis of financial results from 2010 to 2014 of fifteen publicly listed money deposit banks in Nigeria were collected and analyzed for the five year period. This study utilized multivariate techniques of data analysis.

The Ivorian forest is in difficulty and even endangered because of its advanced degradation. Of 16 million hectares, there are still about 3.5 to 2 million today. This drastic reduction of forests, especially protected areas, is due to an irrational agriculture of forest resources through shifting cultivation on slash and mining-type abusive logging that has led to a degradation of the forest cover. Safeguarding the Ivorian classified forests is an objective at the heart of the debates of the life of the Ivorian nation.

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of smile designing on oral health - related quality of life. Objectives: Comparative evaluation of health-related quality of life (OHQoL) in patients before treatment and after treatment ie:- after 1 month of smile designing. Methods: In this case series study, the impact of treatment on OHQoL was measured using the standard questionnaire OHIP 14. This tool was applied to 15 patients who visited department of Prosthodontics SPDC wardha, before and after 1 month of treatment.

Background: The aim of this study is to systematically review the impact of sports on oral health. Objective: Understanding the physiological effects of sports on the oral health. Methods: A review of previous literatures from different journals in the same subject will be discussed; Data was collected during the period from 2013 to 2018. Results and conclusion: The findings of this systematic review showed that sports have a negative impact on oral health.

In recent years, the management activities of the master's degree in education management at universities and institutes in Vietnam has achieved certain results such as the huge number of training courses, many universities and the Academy organizes training, the attention of the society. However, there are still limitations and inadequacies due to the fact situation of education reforms such as: training quality is not good enough; training programs are not modern; some educational institutions are not capable of training...

The phenomenon of writing which constitutes poetry expresses itself in literature and mainly in oral poetry from the stowage of modern writing to tradition with its genres and traditional artistic practices. Disintegration indeed even non-existence of airtightness in the organization of traditional generic is retaken with dexterity by poetic writing that gives rise to a multiform generic organization. Intertextuality which drives from it, leads thus to a bursting of sense by the crushing of the monotony of uniformity.

Introduction - The aim of the study is to identify the ideal position of maxillary central incisor as defined by soft tissue thickness of the upper lip, using modified A-line. Materials and methods-30 standardized lateral cephalograms of adult orthodontically treated patients were studied. Patients with esthetically pleasing profile, competent lips, average growth pattern, ANB range in 2-4º and Angle’s class I molar relationship were selected. Cephalometric landmarks were located and U1 position with respect to modified A line, A-Pog line, N-Pog line and SN plane was studied.

Mammary sarcomas are a heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms that arise from the mammary stroma (Farrokh et al., 2006). Angiosarcomas, one of the most common forms of mammary sarcoma, are developed from the endothelial lining of the blood vessels. Angiosarcoma of the breast is an exceedingly rare disease that may occur as a primary neoplasm or as a complication of radiation therapy after breast conservation. Only about 20% of angiosarcomas are primary sarcomas. The incidence of primary breast angiosarcoma is about 17 new cases per million women.

In developing countries like India wastewater fertigation for crop cultivation is a regular practice. Effluents from various industries are considered as the main industrial pollutants containing organic and inorganic compounds. The increasing agricultural reuse of treated effluent serves goals such as promoting sustainable agriculture, preserving scare water resources and maintaining environmental quality. The wastewaters being used include both untreated and treated, although the former predominates the later.

Gastrointestinal malignancy accounts for approximately a fifth of all cancer deaths in the United Kingdom. By the time patients are symptomatic, lesions are often advanced, with limited treatment options available. The development of effective endoscopic therapies means that neoplastic lesions can now be treated with improved patient outcomes. This has led to a paradigm shift, whereby the aim of digestive endoscopy is to identify premalignant conditions or early neoplastic change, in order to make an impact on their natural history.

Working women have the right to complete integration in the development process particularly by means of Working women have the right to complete integration in the development process particularly by means of an equal access to education and equal participation in social, economic, cultural and political life. In addition, necessary measures should be taken to facilitate this integration with family responsibilities which should be fully shared by both partners. Accordingly, this study focuses on women's socio-economic status without dealing in-depth with other aspects of status.

Plant growth promoting Bacillus licheniformis DS3 strain isolated from Agriculture field soils of Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India. The identification of bacteria was done by 16 S rRNA sequencing analysis. Siderophore production by microorganisms in solid medium, Chrome Azurol’ S (CAS) Agar plate assay was used. Siderophore produced by the strain Bacillus licheniformis DS3 was identified as hydroxamate type. Maximum siderophore production was achieved from 96 h of incubation period with 14.4µg/ml.

Battered Precision is the key to prosthodontics and it is thus imperative that restorations are made as accurately as possible. This is best achieved by the use of hinge axis concept and thus it should be incorporated into routine clinical practice to achieve optimum results. The transverse hinge axis in dentisry has always been a subject of controversy with its existence itself and existence of single or multiple hinge axes. The presence or absence of a hinge axis of the mandible is of prime importance in clinical phases of dentistry and can be located with any degree of accuracy.

• To compare the outcome of Bariatric surgery in terms of metabolic changes among the study subjects. • To compare the outcome of Bariatric surgery in terms of attaining fertility. Material and methods: A longitudinal study was conducted at two tertiary care hospitals in the Department of Laparoscopic and Bariatric Surgery, Bangalore, for a period of 4 years from January 2012 to December 2015.

The dependence of morbidity rate, state of factors of anti-infective resistance, hormonal status, severity, intimate mechanisms of formation of immune disorders, the effectiveness of their pharmacological correction, and the antigen distribution of the ABO system was established on extensive literature and own clinical material. The determination of the signaling targets of the action of modulators on the immune system makes it possible to determine laboratory markers for prescribing medications.

The Village where anthropological fieldwork was under-taken among the metal bowl makers (Kansari) is a multi-caste, nucleated and a fairly large village consisting of 1787 households of which there are 242 metal bowl maker (Kansari) households. The village still retains several rural features although it is in close proximity to the capital city of Odisha in the district of Bhubaneswar and Puri. Since past, the village has the wide reputation of leading centre for the manufacture and trade of brass, copper and bell metal wares, both inside and outside the state.

Background: The aim of this study is to comparatively evaluate the efficacy of dehydrated human chorion membrane with and without 2% Metronidazole gel in periodontal pocket therapy in patients with moderate to severe periodontitis. Methods: 40 patients were recruited for the study and were divided into 2 groups of 20 patients each. The clinical parameters assessed were plaque index, gingival index, pocket probing depth and clinical attachment loss.

Gastrointestinal This study examined the paradox situation of the benefits of Moringa Tree, i.e. Firstly, Moringa is designated in the literature as the “The Miracle-Wonder Tree” or “The Source of Food and Energy for the twenty-first century”or in short as the “Tree of Life”. According to the literature, Moringatree has the following benefits: Nutritional Value (healthy diet), i.e. Moringa of ingredients or contents, vitamins, minerals; Medicinal Value; Water Purification; Animal Feed; Environmental Protection benefits.

The authors are commenting The authors are commenting the article entitled “Guidelines on diabetic eye care. The International Council of Ophthalmology recommendations for screening, follow-up, referral, and treatment based on resource settings” published by Wong et al. in Ophthalmology; https://doi. org.10.1016/j.ophtha. 2018.04.007. Published online: May 15, 2018.

Non communicable diseases (NCDs) and their associated risk factors have emerged as major public health challenges globally. It is well established that the co-existence of two or more risk factors is associated with increased risk of developing NCDs than would be expected on the basis of the sum of the separate effects. The World Health Organization (WHO) has already warned of increasing NCDs among adolescents as a major public health problem. The importance of this age group also lies in the fact that many serious diseases in adulthood have their roots in adolescence.

Stripe (yellow) rust caused by Pucciniastriiformisf.sp.tritici, is one of the major diseases of wheat in the world. Development and use of resistant wheat cultivars is the most economical and environmentally friendly solution in combating wheat stripe rust. Field experiments were carried out at two sites in Ethiopia (Kulumsa and Meraro) and seedling tests were conducted at KARC green house during the 2015 cropping season to evaluate the response 192 elite spring bread wheat genotypes and eight checks to the prevailing races of stripe rust at adult plant stage and seedling stage.

Introduction: Circadian rhythm is defined as the oscillations of biological variables at regular intervals of time. In mammals numerous clock genes have been described, whose function is to control all the circadian activity of those animals. We think that the progression of caries can be influenced by some circadian rhythms. The objective of this work is to review the circadian rhythms and establish which of them is the most influential in the formation of dental caries.

The study is entitled The Disney Princesses in Their Own Shining Armor: A Postmodern Characterization of Women in Selected Disney Animated Films. It focuses on the postmodernist characterization of women in terms of physical appearance and character traits.

Research in the field of Globalization has been a dynamic study area over the years and is likely to become even more so as the importance of glob alization has always been gaining momentum. Human trafficking is one of the main problems across the blobs, it is emerging into a million dollar enterprise. Developing countries have become a hub for human trafficking . Therefore understanding the relationship between Globalization and Human trafficking will be viewed as increasingly important. This article aims at examining the relationship between globalization and human trafficking.

Introduction: Although the treatment of choice for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients has been internal fixation for a long time, several studies have shown mechanical and technical failures. Primary cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty has been proposed as an alternative with some advantages concerning earlier mobilization and minimal postoperative complications. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort hospital-based study conducted at three tertiary hospitals over a period of two years.

Adjusting the occlusal anatomy of teeth during posterior composite restoration consumes so much time. A microbrush stamp technique is a simple, reliable and effective way of producing the occlusal anatomy. This procedure involves duplicating the tooth anatomy of unprepared teeth and then replicating the same after cavity preparation.

Background: Parallel to the advanced surgical techniques, the critically ill postoperative surgical patients are increasing in intensive care units (ICU). Mortality and morbidity of these patients in ICU are multifactorial. However, which of them is most effective is not clearly understood. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors, which more frequently affect mortality and morbidity of the critically ill patients in postoperative period. Methods: Between 2011-2012, 121 patients were included in this study.

To formulate meaning is to make sense of the experience and interpretations of the same situation. Reflection equips educators with the methods to correct distortions in beliefs and problem- solving errors in classroom context. Critical reflection involves a critique of the presuppositions on which beliefs have been built (Mezirow, 2011). Educators strive to apply the designated curriculum purpose in classrooms. However, the application process starts with redefining the purposes and make changes for the implementation progress.

The field experiments were conducted in the field of Botany department of C.C.S. university campus, Meerut in the month of November to January (2018). 10%, 20% and 30% of aqueous extracts prepared from weed species namely Ageratum conyzoides L. used for the present investigation to determine their allelopathic potential on growth and, developmental changes of Pisum sativum L. The weed extracts showed a positive effect on soil parameters (pH, CEC) at 30% extract.

One of the most challenging tasks for a pediatric dentist is the management of deleterious oral habits which severely affect the dento facial complex. However, if these habits can be intercepted and diagnosed early, they can save the patient from the psychological impact of undergoing long treatment therapies. One such deleterious oral habit is Morsicato mucosae oris ie Chronic Cheek biting that affects the buccal mucosa.

Battered child syndrome describes non-accidental trauma to children, representing a major cause of morbidity and mortality during childhood. The abuse usually is inflicted by step-parents, baby sitters, and others responsible for the child's care. Abuse is more common among stepchildren, handicapped, and first-born children. Most victims are younger than 2 years of age, with a reported average age of 16 months.

Background: The aim of the study is to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of Surgical Stripping, Electrocautry, Carbon dioxide and Diode laser for treatment of Gingival melanin hyperpigmentation. Method: 30 patients of both sexes, in the age group 18-50 years with bilateral physiologic gingival melanin hyperpigmentation in maxillary and mandibular anterior region, were treated. Random allocation of the sites was done. The clinical parameter assessed were Dummett oral pigmentation index, Hedin melanin index, gingival index, visual analogue scale, gingival wound healing.

Lip picking is an impulse controlled psychological disorder characterized by the recurring urge to pick one’s own lips and this problem is often to the level that harm is caused. It may co-exist with lip biting habit. Unless these habits are intervened they would manifest into more serious degrading oral health conditions. We present a case of these two habits co-existing in a pediatric patient, which were managed by the customized fabrication of a RURS’ elbow guard to prevent the hand from reaching the lips fully.

The aim of review is to find out the oral health statuses and unmet treatment need of intellectually disabled children in India. The oral health of people with intellectual disabilities is often compromised, which has a deleterious effect on their well-being and quality of life. Dental caries and periodontal disease are among the most common secondary conditions affecting people with intellectual disabilities (ID). This literature review outlines oral health status among intellectually disabled [Mentally retarded (MR) and Down Syndrome (DS)].

The peripheral giant cell granuloma, also known as giant cell epulis, PGCL or giant cell hyperplasia, is the most common giant cell lesion in the oral cavity. It does not constitute a true neoplasm, but rather a reactive lesion caused by local irritation or trauma. Moreover, its etiology is still contentious. Previously, the lesion was called peripheral giant cell reparative granuloma. However, its reparative effect has not been proved yet, hence osteoclast activity seems doubtful.

The water quality of Kitabog River at Kitabog Titay, Zamboanga Sibugay was assessed using macroinvertebrates. A total of 11 species of macroinvertebrates were identified in the study area. Phylum arthropoda has the number of 6 species and Gerris marginatus was the most abundant (32). One-Way ANOVA revealed that there were highly significant between species abundance and station (p=0.00 < .05). The Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) Score System revealed that Kitabog River was under questionable category. The catergory interprets that the river is moderately impacted.

Introduction: The epidemic of substance abuse is fast growing in the young population of India. University students, staying away from home are easily introduced to such habits which they find difficult to quit. Methods: A 14 Item questionnaire was constructed using three domains: Screening for Substance Abuse (socio-demographic and personal) and Reasons for Substance Abuse were distributed to students of a university in Delhi NCR. Results: A total of 512 students were screened out of which 215 (42%) were smokers predominantly of age group (18-21).

With the rapid developments in modern science and technology, the information network technology has blazed a trail in our learning, work and lives. Computers are the excellent means for storage of patient-related data and computer software is used for diagnosis of diseases. Computer networking enables quicker communication.

Background: Menstruation in women is a normal physiological process and key sign of reproductive health. Poor menstrual hygiene is a problem in many developing countries. Proper menstrual hygiene is essential for one’s own wellbeing and development. Objectives-to evaluate the knowledge and practice regarding menstrualhygiene among adolescent girls and to determine the co-relation of knowledge and practice levels among the adolescent girls.

Context: There is alarming rise in number of people with diabetes mellitus over these years. Saliva can offer a great value to detect the diabetes mellitus at an early stage if we are able to establish the positive correlation between blood and salivary glucose levels. Also there is decrease in the salivary and lacrimal flow rate seen in diabetic patients. Aims: This is a cross-sectional study undertaken with the aim to assess the correlation of salivary glucose level with blood glucose level and salivary and lacrimal flow rate in people with diabetes mellitus.

A comprehensive knowledge of the root canal anatomy is essential for successful endodontic treatment. However, presence of anatomic malformation in the tooth can be diagnostically and technically challenging and hence may pose difficulties during endodontic therapy. One such anatomical variation is the presence of extra root distolingually in permanent mandibular first molars. This additional root is called Radix entomolaris. Awareness and understanding of this unusual root and its canal morphology are factors that can affect the outcome of root canal treatment.

This research purposes is (1) toimplements of character building in subject matter of movement art of Pencak Silat double stance to development focus for concern values through computer based learning (CBL) model, (2) to improve movement art of it double stance skills. This research uses Class Action Research Method such as (1) planning, (2) action implementation, (3) monitoring, (4) evaluation, and (5) reflection. The subject of this research is second grade students SMPN 1 Tasikmalaya City, West Java.

Colpocephaly is an abnormal enlargement of occipital horn of lateral ventricle associated with several abnormalities. Various etiologies have been reported including intrauterine/ perinatal injuries, genetic disorder and an error of morphogenesis. Here a case of colpocephaly associated with cleft palate and hypoplastic corpus callosum is reported. A feeding appliance covering the palatal defect is fabricated.

The cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and lead (Pb) as heavy metal may reach chicken meat as a result of many of human activities causing severe health hazards to consumers by its accumulative effect. Therefore, A total of 100 chicken meat and their offal (50 of each) were randomly collected from chicken butchers at New Valley governorate, Egypt to evaluate the effect of grilling, marination and simmering on the metals residues. The mean concentration levels of Cd, Cu, Fe and Pb in chicken meat were; 00.04± 0.03, 0.19± 0.090, 7.130± 0.251, 0.30± 0.195 µg/g respectively.

Introduction: Serious complications following vaccination with BCG are rare. Among these complications, osteitis is of particular interest because it is more common and appears to occur in immune competent patients. Despite the diagnostic criteria proposed by Foucard and Hjelmsted in 1971, post-vaccination BCG osteitis is rarely recognized in pediatric practice, with only 25% of cases being diagnosed.

Central nervous system infections by protozoa constitute a problem of increasing importance throughout the world. This is partially due to the globalization of our society, tourists and business people being more frequently exposed to parasitic infection in tropical countries than in moderate climate countries. Knowledge of epidemiology, initial clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic procedures as well as specific chemotherapeutic therapies and adjunctive therapeutic strategies is of utmost important in all of these infections and infestations of the nervous systems, be it by protozoa.

Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease resulting from dysregulated activation and proliferation of lymphocytes. Its occurrence after vaccination is possible but exceptional in children. All cases reported in the literature are secondary to measles vaccination. We report the case of a nine-month-old toddler, not consanguineous, with no particular medical history. Having received his first dose of the measles-rubella vaccine.

Water with toxic metals represent a risk to animal production and to public health due to their presence in milk. The information of the chemical quality in water for animal consumption in the milk basin of Xochimilco, Mexico is scarce. A water sampling was carried out to identify arsenic, lead, mercury, nitrates and nitrites, pH, temperature, colour and smell in four dairy farms in winter season, 2017. The toxic metals were identified by qualitative Reinsch test and the concentration by flame atomic absorption spectrometry technique.

Actinomycetes are the Gram-positive bacteria and represent a ubiquitous group of microbes widely distributed in natural ecosystems around the world. Therefore, evaluation of their distribution is important in understanding their ecological role. Actinomycetes are widely distributed in different habitats and involved in important processes. They are the most abundant organisms that form thread-like filaments in the soil. Actinomycetes constitute a huge extent of the microbial populace in many soils, and their suitable check frequently surpasses one million for each gram.

Multifunctional organ of the human body without a bone yet strong is the tongue. It mainly consists of the functional portion of muscle mass, mucosa, fat and the specialized tissue of taste i.e. the papillae. Diseases may either result from internal/ systemic causes of extrinsic causes like trauma, infection, etc. A new method for classification has been proposed in this review for diseases of tongue. This review mainly focuses on encompassing almost each aspect that the body reflects via its mirror in mouth, the tongue.

Nyepi day as a commemoration of Saka new year by Hindus in Bali and coupled ucapara Tawur Kesanga and ogoh-ogoh art as the embodiment of bhuta kala or negative energy that exist in man (buana alit) and universe (buana agung). The purpose of this research is to revitalize the identity of Balinese people through ogoh-ogoh art. This research uses qualitative research method by doing observation, interview with some respondent and recording field.

The role of natural products, especially medicinal plants in the treatment of various ailments cannot be overemphasized, several plants have being investigated for their medicinal values.

Determination of newborn growth parameters are necessary in each population for planning their subsequent children growth charts and early detection of diseases. To determine the normal standards of anthropometric measurements for full term neonates in Baghdad. Compare them with WHO standards, And to study different factors that may have effect on the anthropometric measurements.

Good governance can better be achieved where socio economic rights are provided and made justiciable. Socio economic rights give meaning to right to life and dignity of human person. It enables the people to live above poverty level if provided and guaranteed by the government. The study relied on both primary and secondary sources of data such as statutes, textbooks, articles in journal, internet and the likes. The data collected was subjected to content and contextual analysis to arrive at our conclusions.

Introduction: Drug resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (DRSP) is a common problem-afflicting world over. Delay in isolation of pathogens and rapidly evolving drug resistance globally are making the effective management of condition like CAP, especially in developing countries, very challenging. Empirical therapy, based on knowledge of local drug resistance pattern is the mainstay. This study was a preliminary work in DRSP from CAP subjects. Aim: Identification of common agents of our CAP subjects and to study the pattern of drug resistant isolates.

Every man in a particular society deserves survival. Survival in this sense is not just to be alive alone, but to be accorded some basic needs of life such as food, shelter, clothing, etc. Where this is lacking, then there is a threat to man’s life and survival and the end result is crime. Crime is part of the social configuration of the society and cannot be totally eradicated. The objective of this paper is to justify the fact that where survival is highly competitive, the rate of crime will be high. This is because the need to survive is non negotiable to every man.

Forensic odontology is the forensic science that is concerned with dental evidence. It is a relatively new science that utilizes the dentist’s knowledge to serve the judicial system. Forensic identification based on assessment of prosthodontic appliances is assuming greater significance, as labeling of dentures and other prosthetic appliance could provide vital clues for patient identification. This article presents a review of available literature highlighting the fact that how a prosthodontist can play a key role in identification of a deceased individual.

Reports from human studies indicated that Lactobacillus rhamnosus exerted strong antioxidant activity in situations of elevated physical stress. This has benefitted Athletes in the sports arena as these individuals are exposed to oxidative stress during their exercises and activities, hence studies on determining the antioxidant activities of probiotics might benefit humans undergoing stress related activities.

Background and purpose: Maintaining a normothermic state is an essential newborn care during the first few weeks of life. The most cost effective management strategy for hypothermia is its prevention and it can be done by the mothers of a neonate. So, the mother has to be educated regarding the various measures of thermoregulation .The purpose of the present study is to assess the effect of video assisted structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of hypothermia among mothers of preterm babies.

Aim: To describe a pulpotomy using Mineral trioxide aggregate in an immature permanent mandibular second molar. Summary: Partial pulpotomy was performed on a cariously exposed permanent second mandibular molar showing symptoms of irreversible pulpitis. Follow-up examination revealed complete root formation with resolution of clinical and radiographic symptoms thereby successfully preserving the tooth and vitality of its pulp. Conclusion: MTA may be used as a successful pulpotomy agent in immature permanent molars.

Institutional inputs are resources invested in the school system with an aim of enhancing quality education. In Kenya quality education is measured primarily by performance in education, access availability, adequacy and utilization of resources. There are several ways of measuring performance including achievement in national examinations. In Kenya there are differences in the quality of education as some students perform better than the others due to certain factors as revealed by regional mean scores.

Educational inputs are resources invested in the school system with an aim of enhancing quality of education. In Kenya quality secondary education is measured primarily by performance in examination, access; and availability, adequacy and utilization of resources. In Kenya there are differences in the quality of education provided by schools as some schools perform better than others. The overall mean score in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Examination between 2011 to 2017 in Migori County was 4.530.

Introduction Postoperative pain (POP) represents a major challenge in the management of surgical patients, as it is highly common after major surgeries and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. POP and its impact on patients who underwent liver transplantation (LT) is poorly understood. Aim This study was undertaken to investigate the incidence, assessment of POP, and clinical outcomes of patients with high level of postoperative pain in LT.

Introduction: Sex is a biological quality that distinguishes male and females.Determination of sex is the prime aspect of forensic investigations followed by age and identification of ethnic population. Aim and objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the mandibular angle by direct digital orthopantamography and its significance in gender determination. Materials & Methods: The sample consist of 100 digital orthopantamography images, mandibular angle was measured on the image for each case using inbuilt dimaxis software and statistical analysis was done by using T test.

Background: Caring is the essence of nursing which is highly applicable to any type of clients. However, the concept of caring explored in the study focused on the elderly care and how this is approached and developed with consideration of cultural differences and backgrounds. Objective: This study developed a substantive theory on elderly care known as the Elderly Care Theory that defined what and how elderly caring is based on Filipino context of caring.

In this study evaluate the Bodoland Territorial Council a Sixth Schedule Area and the working of the Bodoland Territorial Council the Administrative powers, functions and the Achievements. The Autonomous District Councils or Regional Councils under the Sixth Schedule are looked upon as instruments for welfare of the tribal people and to preserve their own tradition and culture. Contribution to social, political, economic and cultural development is regarded to be the core strategy of the District Councils or Regional Councils in the North East India.

Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder. Symptoms include right upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and occasionally fever. The pain lasts longer in cholecystitis than in a typical biliary colic. Without appropriate treatment, recurrent episodes of cholecystitis are common. During this study 229 patients were admitted with chronic cholecystitis of which 12 patients were excluded before randomization. The remaining 217 were randomized with 106 in the group A and 106 in group B.

Introduction: Neutrophil to Lymphocyte ration (NLR) is being studied extensively as a viable and inexpensive alternative to many recognized markers of inflammation (e.g. Cytokines, TNF, ASO, Prolactin etc.). Most of these studies are around GI and other condition/surgeries. This is a study which is examining the role of NLR in chronic tonsillitis cases pre & post-tonsillectomy vis-à-vis other established markers of inflammation. Aim: To examine the performance of NLR as reliable marker of inflammation in chronic tonsillitis subjects pre and post tonsillectomy.

Parents expect a safe learning environment for their children while in teachers’ custody, yet threats to student safety are increasing globally, and Kenya is no exception. In Kisumu County, incidents of floods, criminal activity, community conflicts, fires and strikes continue to be recorded in schools. Due to legal responsibility and their position as first responders in school emergency, teachers have a crucial role in ensuring student safety, yet little has been done to explore teacher knowledge on management of student safety in emergency incidents in public secondary schools.

The present study aimed to develop in vitro micropropagation protocol for an endangered and highly valuable Ethnomedicinal plant, Utleria salicifolia. Micropropagation techniques applied for recovery of the selected plant species using leaf, cotyledon and node explants cultured on MS medium supplemented with different plant growth regulators. The maximum percentage of callus induction (81.1%) was observed in 1.0mg/L BA combination with 0.1mg/L Kn followed by 77.8% was recorded in 1.0mg/L 2,4-D combination with 0.1 mg/L Kn using leaf explants.

Myofibroma is a rare spindle cell neoplasm that consists of myofibroblasts (cells with both smooth muscle and fibroblastic features). Although it was originally described as a multicentric tumor process affecting infants and young children (myofibromatosis), it is now recognized that most cases of the tumor are solitary and that it can occur at any age. This report describes a case on solitary myofibroma involving posterior part of body of mandible extending to the ramus occurring in a 15 years old patient.

Parents expect a secure learning environment for their children while in teachers’ custody, yet threats to student safety are increasing globally, and Kenya is no exception. In Kisumu County, incidents of floods, criminal activity, community conflicts, fires and strikes continue to be recorded in schools. Due to legal responsibility and their position as first responders in school emergency, teachers have a crucial role in ensuring student safety, yet little has been done to explore teacher attitude towards management of student safety in emergency incidents in public secondary schools.

Nowadays, Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder of the endocrine system. Type 2 diabetes is a major non-communicable disease with increasing prevalence at global level and for this it should be properly managed otherwise it can lead to a number of serious health issues including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and peripheral vasculardiseases. Aim: The purpose of this study is to compare glycemic control with lifestyle modification, oral hypoglycemic and natural herbs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Notary as a trustee of a public trust can also become a trusted third party in ensuring the authenticity of electronic transactions. However, there are still outstanding legal issues namely the reasons for notary to become trusted third party in securing authenticity against electronic transactions and the wordings of notary’s other authority electronic transactions certification equated with cyber notary contained in the elucidation of Article 15 paragraph (3) of Amendment of Notary Law (Indonesian Law No. 2 of 2014).

Poverty is the greatest challenge facing the African continent today. Education empowers citizens and hence reduces poverty by enhancing live hood. Globally, 77 million children are out of education and 25.7 million (33.4%) are those with disabilities. In Kenya 1504 (0.48%) Students with Disabilities of 315,000 in public secondary schools are in Inclusive Education programme.

The rising awareness towards sustainable development has prompted the emergence of various global indices and agreements to encourage economic support to environmentally responsible investment. Carbon credit market has become a multi-billion dollar industry for credits issued under the Kyoto protocol. India is being heralded as the next carbon credit destination of the world.

Cervical cancer survivors have a higher propensity for the development of second cancer when compared to general population especially HPV, Smoking and radiation related cancer. In our report, unusual carcinoma like gallbladder cancer developed after 7 years in a non-smoker cervical cancer survivor treated with radical cholecystectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy. Till last reporting, she is doing well and leading a normal life with an ECOG 0.

Globally, 77 million children are out of education and 25.7 million (33.4%) are those with disabilities. In Kenya 0.48 % (1,504) Students with Disabilities out of 315,000 in public secondary schools are in Inclusive Education programme. Baseline survey in Bungoma County between 2013 and 2016 indicated that 107 (0.07%) Students with Visual impairments and physical challenges are in Inclusive Education programmes compared with total of 39,122 Students with disabilities.

A common condition in geriatrics patients is the occurrence of edentulism. According to the United Nations Population Division (UN 2011), the share of India's population aged 60 and older is projected to climb from 8% in 2010 to 19% in 2050. One therapeutic approach directed at improving oral function in elderly is use of implant supported overdentures.

Aiming to verify the diversity of bees and the visited flora in a protected zone of southern Brazil, on the Serra Geral mountain range, in Santa Catarina State (SC), situated in temperate climate, sampling collection was carried out with entomological nets on flowering plants in araucaria forests, during the period 2010-2012. We counted 74 species of bees belonging to the Colletidae, Andrenidae, Halictidae, Megachilidae and Apidae families, with 1,056 sampling hours and 2,208 verified individuals.

Introduction: Mansar and Surinsar Lake are the two important subtropical Lakes in Shivalik Hills of Jammu Province have been recognized as Ramsar Site owing to the rich diversity of both producer and consumers. The comparative study on water productivity of these two Lake had not been done yet. This study carried out to evaluate the productivity level of Mansar and Surinsar Lake as well as identification of different species of zooplankton. Method: Water samples are collected from both Lakes (Mansar and Surinsar) in the month of April in 2018 for productivity.

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) present in type 2 diabetic and hypertensive patients greatly increases the risk of strokes and cardiovascular diseases. Timely detection of MS facilitates appropriate preventive and therapeutic approaches to minimize these risks. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of MS among Yemeni type 2 diabetic and hypertensive patients using AHA/NHLBI definition. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study conducted from April 2018 to June 2018.

Introduction: Workplace violence is widely recognized as an occupational health risk for employees in many organizations and it can damage their psychological health. Securitty guards are at comparably high risk of violent incidents. Objective: This aim of this work was to evaluate the association of non-physical form of workplace violence with distress among security guards and in what way does it affect mental health of the security guards.

White lesions are selectively frequent in the oral cavity. The prevalence of oral leukoplakia is quite prevalent among such lesions. There are many variants of oral leukoplakia, one of which is oral proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (OPVL), it is a rare clinico-pathological entity which is slow growing, long term progressive lesion, but remains an enigmatic and difficult to define. According to the published case series, OPVL regarded as a disease with aggressive biological behaviours due to its high probability of recurrence and high rate of malignant transformation.

Adenomatoid hyperplasia (AH) is a rare lesion of the minor salivary glands characterized by localized swelling that mimics clinically with non neoplastic lesions (mucocele) as well as with neoplastic lesions of salivary glands. The lower lip is uncommon site of presentation. Histopathologically lesion comprised of variably sized lobular aggregates of normal appearing mucinous acini and duct with intervening thin fibroconnective tissue septae. Here, we report a rare case of Adenomatoid hyperplasia of lower lip in a 25 year old male patient, which mimics a mucocele clinically.

Crown lengthening procedure is widely used technique in dentistry, especially in esthetic zone. Pre-prosthetic crown lengthening is performed in such cases where there is insufficient crown length for fabrication of prosthesis. The principal of crown lengthening is based of the concept of preservation of biologic width. Violation of biologic width may result in gingival inflammation, recession, pocket formation, bone loss. Surgical procedure of crown lengthening may require gingivectomy or apically repositioned flap surgery with or without ostectomy.

Background: In abdominal surgery correct method of closing wounds is of great importance. The ideal method should be technically simple so that the results are as good in the hands of trainee as in those of master surgeons. Until recently layered closure of the abdominal wounds was considered ideal with great emphasis placed on peritoneal layer. It is now fully realized both from clinical observation and animal studies, that healing of incisions takes place by dense fibrous scar that unites the opposing faces of laparotomy wound enmasse.

Childhood nutrition is known to have a considerable impact on children’s health because the foundation for their lifetime health, strength and intellectual vitality is laid during this period. The aim of the present study is to assess the anthropometric status and food intake of pre-school children aged 1-3 years.

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