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Biomethanation potential of bagasse with other sugar industry wastes

Author: 
Ganesh R. Bartakke and Hanmantrao V. Deshmukh
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Traditional fossil fuels having limited availability causing energy crisis all over the world. This leads to increasing trend toward the use of cheap and readily available biomass for renewable energy production. Biomass is best source for renewable energy mainly used for biogas production. Sugar cane is a tropical grass of the having stout, fibrous, jointed stalks, the sap of which is source of sugar. Sugar industry mainly produces bagasse, press mud, spent wash and molasses as their byproducts or wastes. Sugar cane bagasse is by product remained after crushing of the stalks that constitutes short fibers and polysaccharides. It is produced comparatively higher in amount than any other agricultural waste. Study was made to see the biomethanation potential of Sugar industry waste mainly sugar cane bagasse, along with cow dung, press mud, spent wash and molasses. 1L capacity digesters were used in batch process for biomethanation studies. Measurement of biogas was done by water displacement method and qualitative analysis was done by gas chromatography. The biogas was recorded up to 30 days. Admixture of bagasse and cow dung yielded 111.75 mL of biogas per day while bagasse and press mud, spent wash, molasses yielded 278.37 mL, 220.37 mL, 250 mL of biogas per day respectively, Out of the four different combinations used for biogas production bagasse and press mud was the best, which produces 278.37 mL of biogas per day with 77.66 percentage of methane.

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