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Correlation Of Lip And Finger Prints Patterns In Patients With Type Ii Diabetes Mellitus

Author: 
Dr. Ramhari Sathawane, Dr. GunjanV Moon, Dr. Sharthchandra Bontha, Dr. Rakhi M Chandak, Dr. Ashish BLanjekar and Dr. Romita D Gaikwad
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a worldwide disease, and the prevalence is increasing particularly in developing countries. Individuals with undiagnosed Type II diabetes are at increased risk of developing coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. Lip prints and fingerprints being genetically determined may serve as one of such biomarkers. The analysis of lip prints and fingerprints are simple and noninvasive when compared with biochemical tests for Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Aim: To study correlation of lip and finger print patterns in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus. Materials and method: The study sample included 100 subjects in 20 to 60 years of age group which were divided into two group (50 normal individuals and 50 uncontrolled Type II diabetes mellitus patients). They were selected from Outpatient Department of General hospital and Oral Medicine and Radiology from Swargiya Dadasaheb Kalmegh Smruti Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur. Their lip and finger prints were recorded and then classified using the classification of patterns of the lines on the lips proposed by Suzuki and Tsuchihashi and the patterns of fingers were analyzed according to Henry’s system. Result: It was found that when seen individually each digit showed the highest percentage of loop pattern almost equally in both cases and controls. In diabetic patients whorls are seen as the most common prevalent pattern in both right and left hands. Reticular type of lip print pattern was significantly higher in diabetics (50.0%) than controls (10%). Conclusion: This study indicates that people with Type IV pattern of lip print may have a greater predilection for developing Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Also whorl type of fingerprint pattern was more common in diabetic than non-diabetics individuals; hence, suggesting that lip print and finger print patterns can be used as an early diagnostic marker for Type II diabetes mellitus.

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