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Implication of Earthquake on rural livelihood &Migration of Affected Inhabitants of district Ziarat-Balochistan, Pakistan

Author: 
Nasrullah, Syed Ainuddin and Khair Muhammad Kakar
Subject Area: 
Life Sciences
Abstract: 

Natural disasters are expected to be occurred everywhere throughout the globe such as Land Sliding, Erosion, Drought, Flood and Earthquakes. The CRED data base on disasters indicates that both the frequency and impacts of natural disasters around the globe are on rise. Similarly, earthquake in Ziarat severely affected the rural livelihoods of the local in habitants. Dealing with certain natural disasters accurately and tactfully, is the real challenge for the relevant custodian of the sector concerned. The prime objective of the study was to analyze the impacts of the Ziarat earthquake on rural livelihood and migration of the affected households. 75 households were selected purposively who migrated after the earthquake from the affected union councils of Ziarat to Quetta district. The results revealed that 50 % of respondents with 45 frequency lost their house infrastructure as the earthquake hit the area, 40 % respondents with 36 frequency were with view that earthquake affected their means of livelihood, 8 % respondent reported that the earthquake effects were on their family as loss of lives with the 7 frequency and 2 % highlighted other effects of earthquake on their families. 41 respondents were with opinion that earthquake affected their livelihood as great loss with 37 frequency. 35.5 % with 32 frequency were reported that earthquake affected their livelihood were less and 23.5 % respondents with 21 frequency declared moderate effect on their means of livelihood. Psychological effects of earthquake on family members of respondents of the area concerned showed that 51 % respondents shared that there was still psychological effects of earthquake on their family members and 49 % respondents were with views that now there were no psychological effects of earthquake on their family members. Results in relation to migration from earthquake affected union councils of district Ziarat as fear of earthquake on family members showed that 57 % of respondents said that yes there was fear of earthquake on their family members and 43 % respondents replied that the fear of earthquake on their family members was normal.

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