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Prevalence of escherichia coli f5 antigen in calves

Author: 
Payal Gupta, P. C. Shukla, and Amita Tiwari
Subject Area: 
Health Sciences
Abstract: 

Diarrhoea in calves is one of the most important disease complexes evident by rapid and frequent passage of semisolid and liquid faeces material through Several studies have addressed the high distribution of Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains in infectious calf diarrhoea the gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, the prevalence of E. coli F5 antigen was studied by strip test based on the principle of lateral immuno-chromatography in the calves of in and around areas of Jabalpur, M.P., India. The study was conducted on a total of 220 calves below 3 months of age, belonging to various dairy farms and Goshalas. History revealed that out of 220 calves, 50 were suffering from diarrhoea. The faecal samples of these 50 diarrhoeic calves were examined with the help of E. coli F5 (K99) immuno-chromatographic test strips. The overall prevalence of E. coli F5 antigen was found to be 50 % and it was higher in male as compared to female calves. The results of age wise prevalence showed that the presence of E.coli F5 was found to be highest in the calves up to 15 days of age followed by calves from 16 to 30 days of age group then in calves from 1 to 2 months of age group and no infection was found in calves of 2 to 3 months of age group.

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