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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

July 2017

Aim: To evaluate knowledge and awareness of the dental practitioners regarding zirconia implants. Objective: To assess knowledge and awareness of the dental practitioners regarding zirconia implants. Background: Dental ceramics is one of the most preferred materials in modern fixed prosthodontics. As a material in dental medicine, zirconia was introduced in the 1970s when different types of coverage for dental implants were investigated. The first use of zirconia oxide was with small amounts of aluminium oxide, in glass- infiltration ceramics.

Background: Assessment of skeletal maturity and dental development is a common clinical practice in many health professions, especially for growth modification in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics and for age estimation in forensic sciences. Generally, dental development can be assessed by phase of tooth eruption or stage of tooth calcification, with the latter being more reliable. An assessment of skeletal development is commonly done using hand-wrist radiographs and lateral cephalograms.

Tunkabein drink is the local name for a locally prepared alcoholic beverage made up of alcohol (ogogoro) and Phyllantusamarus. In some of the Ijaw Communities, especially Amassoma, Bayelsa State of Nigeria. Twenty four(24) adult wistar rats of both sexes weighing 171g-250g were used for the study.

Ingestion of the corrosive substances can cause serious, even fatal, injuries in the children. There are several approaches in the treatment of the patients with esophageal injuries, including early esophagoscopy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the endoscopic findings retrospectively and correlate them with clinical progress in children ingested caustic substances, as well as to investigate whether the early esophagoscopy is necessary.

Background: the purpose of the informed consent document in clinical trials is to inform research participants about the nature of a clinical trial, its risks, benefits, underlying procedures, and alternative treatments. Objective: to assess the quality of the information provided in informed consent document during clinical trials. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was performed at our institution. In total, 55 informed consent document that accompanied research proposals submitted to the institutional review board from January 2012 to August 2016 were reviewed.

Introduction: Appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency. The cause of acute appendicitis is unknown but is probably multifactorial; luminal obstruction and dietary and familial factors have all been suggested. Appendicectomy is the treatment of choice and is increasingly done as a laparoscopic procedure. Objective of this study is to evaluate the white blood cells (WBCS) and neutrophils. But the use of this value in the diagnosis of appendicitis is unclear. Methods: It was a prospective, observational study.

Hallux valgus is a frequent disease in the population. Several different surgical procedures exist. One of these techniques is the Lapidus procedure which is performed in 5 to 10% of all hallux surgeries. Indications are recurrent hallux valgus, lisfranc arthritis, intermetatarsal angle greater than 15° and hypermobility of the first ray. One of the disadvantages are high complication rate and a long postoperative rehabilitation period. Therefore the correct indication for this rather demanding procedure is important.

Background: Despite all its critical roles in cancer detection, directing therapeutic approaches and patient management, the state of pathology service in Ethiopia and factors affecting its role are not documented. Objective: This study intends to explore the challenges and opportunities of cancer diagnosis in Ethiopia. Methods: The study was conducted at the Black Lion Specialized Hospital (BLSH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Purposive sampling technique was used to identify pathologists to participate in the study.

Thyroid masses are common surgical presentations with a worldwide prevalence of 4–7% in the general adult population. The vast majority of adult thyroid nodules are benign neoplasm’s, however, less than 10% are malignant, which makes it important to screen the nodules in order to offer appropriate surgery and avoid unnecessary surgery for benign nodules. It is preferred to operate only on those patients with suspicion of malignancy, while strict patient follow-up is necessary in dealing with benign cases.

In this study, antioxidant potential of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Blepharis maderaspatensis (L) Hyne Ex Roth was evaluated by means of 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging assay, metal reducing power and total antioxidant capacity. The aqueous extract showed considerable actions in every antioxidant assays compared to the citation antioxidant ascorbic acid in a dose dependent manner. In DPPH scavenging assay the IC50 value of the extract was found to be 41.34μg/ml while the IC50 value of the reference standard ascorbic acid was 69.82 μg/ml.

Objectives: To evaluate prevalence and location of retromolar canals and juxta-apical radiolucency using mandibular scans of cone beam computed tomography. Methods: An observational study was carried out on 70 CBCT scans to evaluate the prevalence and location of Retromolar canals and juxta-apical radiolucency on axial and coronal sections and also the number and type of retromolar canals. Assessment of Juxta-apical radiolucency was made in relation to third molar root to find out its location. Results: The prevalence of RMC and JAR was found to be 67.14% and 45.71% respectively.

Aim: the present study was done to compare the efficacy of beta tricalcium phosphate bone graft plug (SYBOGRAF-T)R along with PRF membrane for purpose of post extraction socket preservation. Materials and methods: this was a randomized controlled trial done in total of 34 sites with class II extraction sockets in 33 patients. In Test group, beta tricalcium phosphate bone graft plug along with PRF membrane was used whereas Control group consisted of extraction alone sites.

A 48years old female known case of hypertension and ischemic heart disease with post percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA)status to left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary artery (RCA), was admitted to our hospital with history ofsevere breathlessness, chest pain, bilateral lower limb swelling - on and off since last 2-3 years. Initial investigation depicted moderate to severe pericardial effusion, for which she was treated with anti-tubercular drugs. Initial symptomatic relief was achieved with antikoch’s treatment.

Background: Tuberculosis is very common health problem in developing countries. TB generally does not involve myocardium. Only 1-2% cases of tuberculosis involve heart and mostly its pericardium, myocardial tuberculosis is far rare. We describe a case of myocardial tuberculosis on post-mortem examination Case presentation: Patient was a known case of pulmonary tuberculosis but unaware of other system involvement. We describe the clinical presentation, outcome of case and review the literature on myocardial tuberculosis. Conclusion: Involvement of myocardium in tuberculosis is rare.

Developing countries carry a heavy burden of water related diseases, the heaviest being of the diarrheal diseases in preschoolers. The aim of the study to assess the knowledge and attitude regarding prevention of water borne diseases among mothers of preschoolers.

Background: Maxillary midline diastema (MMD) is a common problem patient report to a dental clinic. It has both aesthetic and psychological role on patient’s personality. Various treatment options are available for treatment of MMD. Correct cause should be diagnosed and proper treatment should be rendered accordingly. Case discussion: The present article reports the case of a maxillary midline diastema closure in a healthy dentition by an interdisciplinary approach. Orthodontic space redistribution of the midline diastema was done followed by restoration with ceramic laminates.

Publishing research articles has become an integral part of a authors/ researcher’s professional life. Publications are mandatory for faculty in institutions along with working or teaching experience. Medical council recommends indexed publications for being faculty in medical institutions. So authors are giving preferences to quality journals with respect to Pubmed Indexing or high Impact Factor. Some journals are highly rated indexed but have low impact factor while some journal have high impact factor but are not high rated index services.

Mood disorders including major depressive disorder (MDD) are one of the most important causes of disability for human health and the second leading source of disease burden, going beyond cardiovascular diseases, dementia, lung cancer, and diabetes. The comorbidity of depression and substance use disorder (SUD) has been well-established. While there are over 6,000 studies on genes and depression, a definitive human gene map of depression still eludes the field of psychiatric genetics. Certainly, GWAS and candidate approaches are on-going and hold out promise for the future.

Statement of Problem: One of the most common causes of failure of any metal ceramic restoration is the delamination of the veneering ceramic. This may be attributed to failure at the junction of metal and ceramic. To evaluate factors affecting the core veneer bond strength of metal ceramic restorations through a review of previously published articles. Materials and methods: A thorough search was made in Pubmed and Google Search and articles collected were reviewed with respect to various factors affecting the core veneer bond strength of metal ceramic restorations.

A 7 years old male Labrador Retriever was presented with the history of fast growing enlarged abdominal swelling near the inguinal region for 6 months. On clinical examination, right testis was descended and a mass located near left inguinal region was movable and non-painful. Abdominal plain radiography revealed soft tissue mass on the inguinal region. No metastasis on thorax radiography. Haematology and serum biochemistry values were within the normal range. Fine needle aspiration biopsy confirmed the presence of Sertoli cell tumor in the cryptorchid testis.

Background: Pregnancy is a time of considerable maternal adaptation during which the range of normal laboratory values for commonly requested clinical investigations is wider and even more arbitrary than in the non-pregnant state. Although, pregnancy specific values are becoming available due to increased awareness of the obstetrician for their need, the available reference values are mainly based on healthy Caucasians. There is a dearth of information on the reference values for haematological indices particularly in relation to the trimesters of pregnancy and in the puerperium.

Background: Maxillary extractions are considered as very complicated followed with many complications. The major reasons for complication are improper dosage and choice of anesthesia. Thus, this study was conducted to find the efficacy of different percentage of anesthesia for comparing the clinical, anesthetic efficacy and post-operative complications of 4% articaine, 0.5% bupivacaine and 2% lignocaine in maxillaryextractions.

Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a very cheap and commonly used method of contraception, but it is not without complications. Migration of the device is the most serious and morbid of them all. In this report, we present a very rare case where the devicehad migrated outside the uterus and caused recto-vesical fistula. The case was successfully managed endoscopically.

Introduction: Accurate estimation of fetal weight is of paramount importance in the management of labor and delivery. High rate of perinatal mortality in developing countries makes estimation of fetal weight (EFW) antenatally pivotal to obstetricians. Objective: This is a prospective study of 200 antenatal women of third trimester with a singleton pregnancy with reliable date/dating scan, with no fetal anomalies, undergoing obstetric scan at term. EFW was estimated by clinical method using Johnson’s formula, Hadlock’s formula & Dare’s formula compared with the actual birth weight.

Introduction: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) is a condition resulting from long hours of computer use, in which a person experiences one or more eye and/or musculoskeletal symptoms. A high prevalence of CVS has been seen worldwide including India. The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of CVS among medical and engineering professionals and find out the factors related to computer use which may be associated with it. Methods: A total of 108 medical and 100 engineering professionals were included in the study.

Objective: The aim of the present study and work is to determine the ear diseases pattern, etiological factor, type and severity of hearing loss in rural community by manual pure tone audiometry. We have also made efforts for the early detection and treatment of hearing loss by surgical correction, rehabilitation and referred to higher center for cochlear implantation. Introduction: More than 360 million people have disabling hearing loss in worldwide and its 5.3% of the world population. More than 63 million people are suffering from auditory impairment in India as per WHO.

Introduction: Limited data are available for the effectiveness of the antiepileptic drugs in children in daily clinical practice. The AED chosen for initial therapy should be one that is highly effective for the particular seizure type or syndrome and that is safe and well tolerated. The present prospective study was designed to investigate the interaction among efficacy, tolerability, and overall effectiveness of the first antiepileptic drug in children with newly diagnosed epilepsy.

Title of the article: Effect of Toothbrush Mouthrinse Cycling on the Surface Roughness and Microhardness of Nanohybrid Composite Resin and Giomer (Fluoride releasing Nanohybrid Composite Resin) – An In Vitro Study Context: Giomer technology offers the advantage of anti-cariogenic property to resin restorations but fluoride release could possibly affect the surface roughness and microhardness. Tooth brushing and mouthrinsing have been known to increase surface roughness and decrease microhardness of resin restoratives and this effect has not been investigated on giomers.

Context: The key to esthetic and biologic integrity of restorations for a long term, lies in the finishing and polishing, which is the most often neglected procedure.Various finishing and polishing systems are available in the market, however, the polishing regimen for the newer nano-based composites have not been adequately investigated.

Introduction: Oligohydramnios occurs in about 1% to 5% of pregnancies. It has been associated with variety of fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to compare the pregnancy outcome in cases with oligohydramnios in comparison to normal pregnancy. Materials and methods: This prospective observational study was carried out in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Women attending antenatal clinical or labor room with or without oligohydramnios were included in the study in cases (oligohydramnios) and controls (without oligohydramnios).

Context: Introduction: Bifid condyle is a rare anatomical variation of the mandibular condyle. This condition is considered to be developmentally formed with some exceptions of traumatic origin been reported. In most of the cases it is an incidental finding, and this condition is most often not associated with any clinical signs and symptoms. The present study was conducted to evaluate the various characteristics of bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) pattern. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology in the year 2016.

Introduction: Furcation defects occur when bifurcation or tri-furcation of multi-rooted teeth are involved as a result of periodontal disease. The extent and configuration of the defect determines the prognosis and treatment planning. Aim and Objective: Aim of the study is to quantify and analyse the prevalence and characteristics of furcation involvement (FI) and also to plan the possible treatment modality.

Objective: Biochemical evidence suggests that oxidative mechanisms play a major role in the etiology and pathogenesis in damage of lens proteins is involved in the genesis of senile cataract and the degenerative manifestations of diabetes such as diabetic cataract.

This study was aimed for determining the working length of the tooth in the presence of various commonly used irrigating solutions in the endodontics. Three irrigating solutions were taken namely - 3% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl),2% chlorhexidine and Glyde (EDTA + Carbamide peroxide).a total of 90 teeth were selected which were divided into 3 equal groups according to the irrigating solutions. Then working lengths were obtained with the help of ROOT ZX II for the respective groups and were compared with the actual lengths.

Introduction: The primary objective was to prevent delayed chemo induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The primary efficacy end point was complete Response (CR) and improving quality of life (QOL). Material and Methods: This is a prospective, observational study conducted on 45 previously untreated histopathologically-proven patients of ductal carcinoma of Breast from January to December 2015.

Aim: To study histopathological pattern of skin adnexal neoplasms. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Pathology, Govt. Medical College and Associated Hospitals Srinagar for a period of 2 years. It was partly a retrospective study and partly prospective. Histopathological examination was done on H&E stained slides and corroborated with special stains wherever required. Results: A total of 92 cases of appendageal tumors were studied. 87 were benign and 5 were malignant with male to female ratio of 1.05:1.

The management of recurrent dislocation of shoulder extends from the anterior scarification procedure of Hippocrates to the joint reconstruction. Here we used 2 tendons, excluding pectoralis minor, from the conjoint tendon of the shoulder and tunneled it through the upper 2/3rd and lower1/3rd junction of subscapularis muscle which is attached to the coracoids process itself. The procedure showed awarding outcomes.

This study was carried out in order to identify and characterize the transition region between juvenile and mature wood of Pinus caribeae var. hondurensis with 40 years of age, with diameter class around 30-35 cm, from the plantations of the Fazenda Vale do Rio Grande located at the municipality of Catalão, state of Goiás, Brazil. The regions of juvenile and mature wood were characterized by anatomical studies - length of axial tracheids using discs obtained at the DAP trees, following the recommendations of the International Association of Wood Anatomists.

Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of taichi chuan and mindfulness meditation on stress and quality of sleep among high school students of kanyakumari district. Methods: True experimental design was adopted. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Totally 80 samples, out of which 40 were experimental group I and 40 were experimental group II. Taichi Chuan was taught for experimental group I and Mindfulness Meditation was taught for experimental group II for weeks. The data were gathered and analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical method.

The extensive use of antibiotics since they were discovered has lead many bacterial species of human and animal origin to develop innumerable mechanisms that provide them resistant to some antibiotics and in a few cases to nearly all of them. There are numerous significant pathogens that are resistant to many antibiotic classes, and these multidrug resistant (MDR) organisms cause infections that are restricting treatment options and as a result compromising effective therapy.

Warfarin induced skin necrosis (WISN) is a rare, unusual, unpredictable dermatological complication of anticoagulant therapy. As anticoagulation is a component of major therapy in many chronic illnesses, the recognition of this condition is crucial for prompt management of morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. We report a case of 25 year old woman who received warfarin for cerebrovenous thrombosis without proper overlap of Heparin resulting in WISN.

Background: It seems that the nurse is an important contact who provides care, information, and support, and also coordinates the patients’ care before and after surgery, which may reducing the patients’ feelings of insecurity and fear. Aim: to assess the performance level of nurses working in the general surgical wards at selected hospitals in Yemen about psycho-social interventions for pre and post-operative patients and find out the association factors between demographic characteristics and performance.

Infection control has been one of the major concerns in the field of dentistry since decades. The dentist and his office personnel are at a great risk of contracting wide range of infections like HIV, hepatitis B, herpes, tuberculosis, respiratory diseases such as pharyngitis etc., as they are exposed to bacteria in the blood and saliva in patients routinely. There are various methods of sterilization which are commonly used like, hot air oven, autoclave, cold sterilization, etc.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess effect various lecture delivery techniques such as using chalk board, lectures using power point presentation (PPT) and the lectures using transparencies and over head projector (TOHP) on teaching learning process. The first year MBBS students were asked to assess the effect of three biochemistry lectures given by above three different lecture delivery methods by filling in a questionnaire. After each lecture we compared effect of lectures delivered by different methods by objective test.

Dengue is one of the most important mosquito borne viral infections of man. Dengue epidemics have taken a significant economic and health toll. The study was aimed to look at the utility of dengue NS1 (non structural protein 1) antigen as an early marker of dengue infection. The study group included 300 clinically suspected cases of dengue presenting within the first week of fever. Patients’ serum sample was subjected to ELISA for NS1 Ag, IgM Ab and IgG Ab.

Oxidative stress is an essential biomarker in cell survival and death. Oxygen related radicals have a strong ability to cause long-term or even permanent damage to cellular components, particularly within the mitochondrial electron transport system (ETS). The present study addressed the effect of Manganese (Mn) on oxidative system in the cardiac tissue of rat. One month and three months old rats were exposed to Mn intraperitoneally at a concentration of low dose (2.5mg/kg body weight) and high dose (5mg/kg body weight) for a period of three weeks.

Drug induced gingival enlargement, a common adverse drug reaction in patients treated with anticonvulsants, calcium channel blockers and immunosuppressant. The management requires a proper understanding of case and a multidisciplinary approach including medical, surgical and supportive care. Here, we are discussing a case report of drug induced gingival enlargement in a patient undergoing antiepileptic drug and antihypertensive drug. The treatment options included substitution of drug, measures to improve oral hygiene and gingivectomy.

Introduction and Objective: Down syndrome is a genetic disorder of chromosome 21 that is characterized by physical and mental disability. The incidence of Down Syndrome in Saudi Arabia is estimated to be 1 in 500, which is higher than the world average. Many studies have been done around the world to compare the DMF Index and OHI between the children with Down Syndrome and the normal children.

The main goal of Periodontal regeneration is the treatment of teeth affected by periodontitis. Periodontal regeneration is quite challenging to the dentist especially when it is in the furcation area and in intra bony defects. Furcation-involvement is an extension of inflammation into the: bi or trifurcation region of multirooted teeth. Several treatment modalities have been proposed based on the grade of furcation involvement and intra bony defects.

In the UK, abdominal wall hernias of all types have a prevalence of 1.7% in patients of any age and 4% in those aged over 45 years. Despite the established gold standard of repair with prosthetic mesh, there are instances where a mesh is not used. It is therefore prudent that operation notes and discharge summaries contain information on the use (or indeed, absence) of prosthetic mesh, to aid diagnosis in the event of any subsequent complications and to guide further management.

Objective: To make a bibliographical investigation of the published literature on the subject of clown as a tool of spiritual care for the humanization of health. Method: Different databases were reviewed and various published works on the subject were analyzed and relevant aspects were synthesized in order to identify coincidences and discrepancies.

Objective: To know the perception that health staff has towards safety culture of the patient in institutions of the center of Valle. Methods: The survey on patient safety culture validated by Agency for Health Care Research and Quality was carried out to 436 people of the following occupations: doctors, nurses and nursing assistants of 18 health institutions of the municipalities of the center of Valle del Cauca.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of various depths of reduction of the abutment tooth on the fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia bridge in vitro, with the null hypothesis that the depth of tooth preparation of the abutment has no statistical influence on the fracture resistance of the monolithic zirconia bridge Materials and Methods: Abutment Tooth preparation is done on phantom teeth no 45 and 47 with the below mentioned depths. Casts are made from the impressions and 5 bridges for each group are manufactured using CAD/CAM.

The growing consumer demand for complementary and alternative therapies (CAM) in health care has had an effect on all health professionals. The discipline of nursing is rooted in many holistic processes but the role of providing such services has not been fully defined, including the state of Mississippi. Nurses are the members of the healthcare team who often initiate such a conversation with patients about CAM.

Background: The interest in cardiac conduction system has focused primarily on its role as a predictor of mortality and coexistent cardiovascular diseases particularly hospitalized patients. Objectives: The study was undertaken to study the pattern of cardiac conduction defects in a tertiary care hospital. Methodology: The study was conducted from 1st March 2012 to 31st august 2013 and included cases >20yrs of age presenting to OPD or admitted in SMHS hospital and showing some form of cardiac conduction defect on a standard 12 lead ECG. A total of 1710 cases were studied.

Objective: To determine the number of cases of mild, severe preeclampsia and eclampsia. Materials and Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study was carried out, including all pregnant patients as of week 20 of gestation and puerperal women. Pregnant women were selected from 20 weeks of gestation or postpartum women who had blood pressure equal to or greater than 140/90 mm Hg in two doses with a difference of 6 hrs.

This exploratory study was designed to ascertain whether the existing physiotherapy programs in Nigeria have the infrastructures and institutional support needed to initiate an entry-level Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT) program. A secondary objective was to evaluate whether the level of readiness to implement the program is influenced by the regional location of the university and the year of debut of the existing baccalaureate degree programs.

Agriculturists in developing countries are suffering from many diseases caused by tick infestations that reduce the productivity of their livestock. To diminish these losses, natural products (eco-friendly) for ectoparasite control with lower chance of improvement of resistance are required. This study aimed to examine the effect of different concentrations (0.5, 1.5, 2.5, and 4%) of Allium sativum (Garlic) extract on the viability of eggs laid by Argaspersicus females and their ovaries’ development.

Root coverage procedures are routinely performed for the treatment of clinically exposed root surfaces of the tooth. The primary aim behind these mucogingival procedures is to place the gingival margin on or as close to cemento-enamel junction as possible. Various biomaterials such as amnion membrane and PRF membrane have been used for purpose of guided tissue regeneration. Both the biomaterials consist of various growth factors and have positive effect on wound healing.

Human clinical trials were conducted for the assessment of effect of selected potential biological immunomodulators on ‘Absolute CD4’ count of 32 HIV reactive patients. Following clearance of ‘Institutional Ethics Committee’, effect of blended formulations of Chlorophylum borivilianum, Withania somnifera, Wagatia spicata Dalz., Picrorrhiza kurroa, Spilanthes paniculata Wall. ex. DC.were studied over the period of eleven months in each participant. Readings of ‘Absolute CD4’ counts were recorded using ‘Flow Cytometry’.

Purpose: To investigate how heat shock protein (HSP) expression, especially inducible HSP 70, is related to the infertility of dioxin-induced testicular toxicity by animal study Materials and Methods: Four week old 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 10 groups. Group I, II, III received TCDD(2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) 40μg intraperitoneally and were sacrificed 12hr, 24hr, 48hr later respectively. Group IV, V, VI received vehicle as control group and were sacrificed at the same time.

The present study was undertaken to assess plasma C-reactive protein levels in pregnant women with and without periodontal disease. The study was designed as a prospective cohort study involving a sample size of 45 pregnant subjects in the age of 20-40 were selected from RavindraNath Tagore Medical College and hospital with gestational age of 2-12 weeks divided into 3 groups : Control group (15 healthy non pregnant female without periodontitis; group A; study group – 15 pregnant females with periodontitis – group B) study group (15 pregnant patients without periodontitis) Group C.

Reattachment of tooth fragment of anterior teeth is easy to practice and economic method that has the potential to assume the incisal strength during tooth functioning. The method ensures increased wearing steadiness and thus creates better function. This clinical case report tries to throw light on certain aspects of the reattachment technique used on fractured teeth. The clinical and radiographic examination revealed a complicated oblique crown fracture that was treated by doing RCT and reinforcing with a prefabricated fibrepost.

Early childhood caries (ECC) has gained popularity due to increased prevalence rate (54%) worldwide. The main cause is believed to be improper feeding habits even though it is multi-factorial. Aim: To evaluate if frequent carbohydrate snacking in between meals and poor oral hygiene is equally contributing to aetiology of ECC in 3-6 year old children attending preschools in Sullia, Karnataka.

The intracoronal bleaching procedure is largely used because it is efficient, simple and economic. Indications for internal bleaching are discoloration of pulpal origin, dentin stains, and stains not amenable to extra-coronal bleaching. Contraindications to internal bleaching are superficial enamel stains, defective enamel formation, severe dentin loss, presence of caries and discolored composites. Most bleaching agents are oxidizers that act on organic structures of the hard tissues and degrade them into smaller molecules that are lighter in color such as CO2, O2 and H2O.

Aspergillus awamori is an efficient producer of many hydrolytic enzymes, has not been exploited commercially and for enzyme production. Cellulases, Xylanases and laccases thought to be of great significance for several industries namely paper, pharmaceuticals, food, feed etc. in addition to better utilization of lignocellulosic biomass. The present investigation was aimed to produce several extracellular enzymes by Aspergillus awamori and the Molecular characterization of the isolate by18S rRNA sequencing.

The sural nerve is formed by joining of the medial sural cutaneous nerve, branch of tibial nerve and lateral sural cutaneous nerve, branch of common peroneal nerve. It innervates the skin on posterolateral surface of leg and a variable area of the skin on the dorsum of the foot laterally. Clinicians use the nerve quite frequently to do nerve conduction studies, nerve grafting and also for nerve biopsy.

Maternal morbidity is an indicator related to the pregnant woman mortality and the epidemiological monitoring of Extreme Maternal Morbidity and studies related to their associated factors is one of the strategies implemented to improve maternal health and achieve a reduction in the maternal mortality rate. In the present study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of demographic, social, environmental and cultural factors associated with maternal morbidity in a group of pregnant women during an academic practice of UCEVA Nursing students.

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the health literacy of school going adolescents regarding Hypertension, and to assess the improvement in knowledge after Information Education and Communication (IEC) activity. Methodology: It was a school based-interventional study conducted in the year 2016. A list of all schools located in Najafgarh area which is the field practice area of VMMC and SJH was prepared and the two schools were selected by simple random method of sampling.

The study investigated the major educational problems of the hearing impaired and strategies used for tackling them. The study was conducted in Mekanisa School for the Deaf (Addis Ababa) and Hermata Primary School (Jimma). The selection of subjects was based on availability sampling method. The methods used to gather information from respondents were interviews, questionnaire, focus group discussion and classroom observation checklist.

Aesthetic concerns have led to an increasing importance in seeking dental treatment, with the purpose of achieving perfect smile. Maxillary labial frenum is capable of creating a diastema and recession, affecting aesthetics. The management of such abberantfrenum can be accompalished by frenectomy. The aim of this case report is to compare between conventional classical technique of frenectomy and frenectomy by laser.

The study of different strategies to improve the stability and bioavailability of bioactive components has increased in the last decades. One of the mechanisms that has acquired great relevance is to formulate using liposomal vesicles. Liposomes are structures that enhance the absorption, stability and transport of active compounds, which is reflected by an increase in the bioactivity of the encapsulated molecules. The guarana extract has proven to be rich in methylxanthines and phenolic compounds.

The peripheral ameloblastoma (PA) is a rare, benign, extraosseous odontogenic soft tissue tumour that is confined to the gingiva or alveolar mucosa. The PA presents the same histological characteristics of intraosseous ameloblastoma, although it is less aggressive than this classical subtype. A 47-year-old non-smoker male patient reported to Department of Periodontics, SCB Dental College and Hospital, Cuttack with an asymptomatic lesion on the buccal gingiva of the canine-premolar-molar right mandibular region growing slowly for the last 1 year.

The reaction medium of “Donators + membrane - redox potentials three - state line system + O2 + АDP + Pi + H+ + nH + membrane space = (ATP + heat energy) + H2O + nH + matrix + CO2” are the places, where have been occurred the following four more important processes as : • Maintaining of clockwise normal flow of electrons and protons with duration of 4-5 second of every cycle • Temporarily stop of clockwise normal flow of electrons and protons • Complete stop of clockwise normal flow of electrons and protons • Antispiral-like evolutionary back steps from second evolution late time equation o

Background: Erythroderma is extreme state of skin irritation involving more than 90 percent of skin surface area having many underlying causes. Aim: 1. To check for epidemiological factors in erythroderma. 2.To study clinical features of erythroderma. 3. To identify the aetiology of erythroderma. 4. To describe the complications of erythroderma Materials and Methods: This study was performed at the department of dermatology in a tertiary care hospital of Western India. We studied 31 cases of erythroderma for epidemiology, clinical features, clinical course and complications.

Objective • To evaluate role of T2*cartilage mapping in early detection of chondral lesions before they are detected on conventional morphologic sequences(fat saturated proton density sequence) • To compare T2* Cartilage mapping with routine MR sequences (FSPD ) Materials and Methods: This prospective study was done on 100 cases who underwent MRI knee,in which FSPD images were compared with the T2* maps. A Pilot study of 10 normal (young asymptomatic)subjects was done initially to define range and mean of normal values and artifacts.

Prevention of disease is one of the most important goals in child care. For this reason a national effort is being made towards improving the immunization of all the children. Migrant laborers themselves avail the curative care but they fall outside the coverage of preventive care largely due to their movement of work caused by uncertainty of employment. The immunization status of migrant children is poorly understood, as they have less access to health care services.

Introduction: thyroid disorders are common in pregnancy and have been linked to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Symptoms of thyroid disorders are sometimes mistaken for those of normal pregnancy, and so often go unnoticed. This study investigates the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in pregnant women in a tertiary care hospital.

Despite the development of endodontic therapy, adverse complications can arise during treatment resulting in a questionable prognosis. Perforation is one such complication associated during the operative stages of endodontic treatment, particularly with failure to observe the anatomic variations of different tooth types. Various materials have been suggested and used to repair root canal perforations, including calcium hydroxide, silver amalgam, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and glass ionomer cement.

Tinospora cordifolia is one of the most important among the commonly used herbs in ayurveda. It is a versatile herb having multidimensional use. Ayurvedic Nighantus are clearly mentioned tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi) in details with specific synonyms and therapeutic indications. In vrihattrayee the description of guduchi is present. In this study we try to assemble all the information about guduchi mentioned in ayurvedic nighantus and other text.

Introduction: Teaching and learning is a two way method; but some traditional teaching methods are not sufficient enough to help students understand better. So there is a need for innovation as well as integrated teaching. Aims and objectives: The study was aimed to find out the performance of the students of first M.B.B.S. in routine demonstration classes without books and with open books and to find out difference in performance between the open book method and traditional method.

Aim: To determine the antimicrobial efficacy, compressive strength and diametral tensile strength of GIC IX, GIC IX with 1% chlorhexidine and GIC IX with 1% cetrimide Materials and Method: GIC IX was mixed with chlorhexidine and cetrimide powder to produce experimental GIC’s. 10 samples of each of the three groups were prepared for each parameter. Antimicrobial efficacy was evaluated against S.mutans by measuring the zone of inhibition on day 0, 7 and 30 days on blood agar. Compressive and diametral tensile strength were calculated using the universal testing machine after 1hr of setting.

Early childhood caries (ECC), because of its ubiquitous nature and stubborn resistance to resolution, remains as one of the most common disease affecting very young children in today’s era. Aim: To evaluate the awareness among mothers about various factors responsible for the causation of ECC. Methods: A questionnaire based survey was conducted on 200 mothers of children aged 1 to 6 years residing in Sullia, Karnataka. A structured questionnaire was given to each mother in the language they could read and those who were not able to read, were explained.

Background: Diabetic foot ulcers are sores or wounds on the foot and are often a strong indicator of advanced diabetes. Local application of citric acid is most effective in the treatment of various wounds, including wounds for which there are no alternative options available. Objective: The study objective to compare the effect of wound healing and cost of dressing solution between citric acid and conventional method of dressing among the patients with diabetic foot ulcer in a tertiary hospital in India. Methods: Totally, 120 Patients with diabetic foot ulcer were recruited for the study.

Hypothyroidism is one of the most common non-communicable diseases world-wide. In spite of having an economic therapy and simple medication schedule for the treatment of hypothyroidism, the patients still do not comply with the therapy. Aim was to assess the pattern of medication adherence among the patients with hypothyroidism. Materials and methods: Data were collected from 162 subjects through patient interviews and case records. Adherence to treatment was determined based on the 4-item Morisky Medication Adherence questionnaire.

Background and Objective: Swaddling is a traditional practice of covering an infant in a blanket in a particular fashion. It is known to improve the physiological parameters. Paladai feeding is a common procedure in NICU. Paladai feeds are time consuming and are associated with desaturation episodes. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of swaddling on bradycardia, desaturation and apnea during paladai feeding among very low birth weight infants.

The essential criterion of neonatal intensive care unit is prevention of pain among preterm and term neonates. Evidences suggested that a painful procedure at early life affects the neuro developmental outcome in their future. Though it is a minor procedure like heel prick or changing diaper, neonates perceive it, as a painful procedure. Neonatal pain management is an important nursing care aspect while they care the babies in intensive care units. Some pain relieving measures like kangaroo mother care, facilitated tucking, music therapy are available, it is under used.

Introduction: The continuous increase in population is a serious global concern. Control over fertility is very important not only because of its far-reaching implications on prosperity and overall growth of the nation, but also because of its impact on the freedom of young women to lead life of their own choice. Objective: To assess the family planning practices among married rural women. Material and Methods: The present study was community based cross-sectional study conducted in rural area of Haryana from September 2015 to August 2016 among 500 currently married women (18-49 years).

Introduction: Febrile seizures is the most common type of seizure in infancy and childhood. Its pathogenesis is still ambiguous. Changes in serum levels of trace elements have been proposed to underlie febrile seizures. Aim: To determine implication of serum magnesium and zinc levels in the pathogenesis of febrile seizures. Method: This prospective, analytical, case control study was carried out from October 2015 to September 2016 on 164 pediatric population aged between 6 months to 5 years admitted in JSS hospital, Mysuru.

All patients who were admitted in our hospital with history of seizures in the postpartum period (within 6 weeks after delivery) were included in the study to ascertain the cause of seizures and their outcome, and women with prior history of epilepsy were excluded from this study. Among 95 patients recruited, primipara women (67 patients) had high risk of seizures. Women between the age group of 21-25 years constituted a large number of patients in this study (44.26%). Seizure occurrence was more on the first day following delivery (69.47%).

Rectal prolapse was one of the earliest surgical problems recognized by the medical profession, yet many facts of its aetiology and treatment remain controversial. Prolapse of the rectum vexes patients with misery it causes to them. The presenting complaints may be related to the prolapsed itself or to the disturbance of anal incontinence that frequently accompanies. The study comprised of patients admitted for elective surgery for full thickness rectal prolapse. 30 patients were taken for laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy after clinical evaluation and ethical clearance.

Background: Situs Inversus Totalis is a congenital positional anomaly characterized by transposition of thoracic and abdominal organs which is mirror image of normal anatomical position.The exact etio-pathogenesis is unclear and inheritance reported is autosomal recessive and X-linked inheritance. It is usually associated with syndromes such as Kartagener syndrome or Primary Cilliary Dyskinesia (PCD). Case Presentation: We present a case of 25 years old male patient having symptoms of cough, loss of appetite, generalized weakness for 5 months.

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has become well established as a diagnostic modality in gastrointestinal cancer staging. It offers high-resolution imaging and fine-needle biopsy, which is essential in tumor and nodal staging of gastrointestinal cancers. In the recent decade, however, many therapeutic applications of EUS have become possible. Currently, interventional EUS endoscopy involves celiac plexus neurolysis, pseudocyst drainage, and intratumoral fine-needle injection therapy for inoperable pancreatic malignancy.

Objective: Recurrent caries is the one of the commonest reason for the failure of restoration. The microgap created at the tooth restoration interface lead to the formation of secondary caries. Cavity disinfection, chelation or fluoridation of the smear of the cavity did not prevent caries formation. Study Design: Five galvanic burs and sintered burs each are selected and cleaned with absolute alcohol. The elemental compositions of the burswere assessed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.

With the increasing critical thinking (CT) and reflection of baccalaureate nursing students for nursing practice, faculty members are incorporated it into their curriculum and clinical judgment and recognize it as an essential component and outcome of education. Yet, there is little consensus on the meaning and application of CT in nursing.

Background: Diabetes, one of the dangerous non communicable diseases. Management of type 2 diabetes becomes difficult with poor knowledge regarding disease condition. This review will focus on role of knowledge of people with type 2 diabetes in the management of their disease condition. Aim: To review the knowledge of people with type 2 diabetes about their disease and its management. Methods: EBSCO discovery service was used to conduct a comprehensive literature search to identify all relevant articles published in English language from January, 2000 to December, 2016.

Still’s disease is a subset of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) that usually presents with intermittent fever, rash, and arthritis. It represents 10–20% of all the cases of JIA. This disorder may be called adult-onset Still’s disease when it occurs in patients over the age of 16. Extra-articular flares can occur several years after disease onset (Javier Alberto Cavallasca et al., 2010). We report a case of adult Still’s disease with myocarditis after several years of being in remission.

A balanced diet is important for everybody Health. Carbohydrate, Protein, and fats were a source for providing energy to human beings, vitamins were very tiny but play a vital role in maintaining the equilibrium of all functions in our body. An Experimental study was done among 100 HIV infected women to estimate an impact of dietary supplements of vitamin E on immune system parameters. Women were selected randomly using lottery method. Data was collected through structured Questionnaire and CD4 Count was recorded.

Introduction: During adolescence, hormonal changes lead to onset of puberty, sudden and rapid physical growth, and development of secondary sexual characteristics. They could engage in wrong activities such as smoking, substance abuse, consumption of alcohol, and unprotected sex. Methodology: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in the rural field practice area. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, awareness and practices about STI/RTIs among adolescent girls. All the mid and late adolescents were included.

The requisites to long term success of dental implant are good quality bone and healthy gingiva. One of the long term risk with regard to dental implant is crestal bone loss around the implantresulting in peri-implantitis. Many techniques have been used to reduce the crestal bone loss around implants. One of the techniques used to prevent crestal bone loss includes the use of biological mediators. One group of such bone metabolism mediators is bisphosphonate.

Oral sub mucous fibrosis is a chronic, progressive, and irreversible disease of unknown aetiology. Oral submucous fibrosis (SMF) is a potentially malignant disease caused by chewing of areca nut and is associated with both significant morbidity and an increased risk for malignancy. The habit has a major social and cultural role in communities throughout the Indian subcontinent which explains the high prevalence of SMF in people of Indian subcontinent and South Asian ethnicity .

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of routine and newer endodontic irrigants on Candida albicans biofilm colonization in Young and Old human root canal dentin. Eighty intact mandibular premolars were used in this study and divided based on Age into two groups. Forty teeth were from young subjects (Group I) and the remaining 40 from old subjects (Group II). Dentin disc samples of 4mm were prepared from each tooth, standardized using gates glidden drill #2 and autoclaved for sterility.

Background & Objectives: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is prone to acute exacerbations which may lead to enhanced morbidity and mortality. By compromising health status, mood disorders may lead to an increased risk of hospitalization and re-hospitalization. Information on the time course and recovery from COPD exacerbation is important in standardizing the length of treatment, in planning appropriate follow up and decreasing loss of working days of the patient.

Background: Pharmacovigilance deals with the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects, particularly long term and short-term adverse effect of medicines. Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and Practice among health professionals about Pharmacovigilance and barriers towards reporting adverse drug reactions. Material & Methods: It was a cross-sectional, questionnaire based survey. The participants were Under Graduates, Interns & post graduates pursuing their courses in dental & medical field.

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of exposure to various children’s beverages on the colour stability of different aesthetic restorative material commonly used in pediatric dentistry. Materials and Methods: 30 cylindrical disks of resin modified glass ionomer cement and composite resin were prepared respectively using moulds. 15 samples each group were immersed in one of the two solutions respectively for 7 hours at 370C temperature and then in artificial saliva for 17 hours at 37°C to simulate to oral environment.

Cardiac abscesses and aorto-cavitary fistulas are rare and serious complications of infective endocarditis (IE). They can be complicated by high degree cardiac conduction abnormalities and by haemodynamic consequences which can be life-threatening.

Pyrethroids are synthetic chemical analogues of pyrethrins, which are naturally occurring insecticidal compounds produced in the flowers of chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium). Lambda-cyhalothrin is a pyrethroid insecticide. Insecticidal products containing pyrethroids have been widely used to control insect pests in agriculture, public health, and homes and gardens. With regard to effectiveness and toxicity, this compound appears to be the first-choice insecticide used than organochlorines, organophosphates and carbamates.

Pesticides are widely used in most sectors of the agricultural production to prevent or reduce losses by pests and thus can improve yield as well as quality of the produce, even in terms of cosmetic appeal, which is often important to consumers. Oxidative stress by increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been implicated in the toxicity of various pesticides. The present study was designed to investigate the induction of oxidative stress by Lambda cyhalothrin; a Type II pyrethroid in mice Intestine and Testis.

Field experiment was conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso and Niger State College of Agriculture, Mokwa, in 2013 cropping season to examine the effects of mineral fertilizers on fruit yield and nutritional qualities of tomato variety. The experiment had twenty seven fertilizer treatments namely: nitrogen (0, 30 and 60 in kg N ha-1), phosphorus (0, 25 and 50 kg P2O5 ha 1) potassium (0, 16.5 and 33 kg K2O ha-1) and their combinations, replicated three times. Treatment without fertilizer served as control.

This study was implemented to determine the effect of lactic acid bacterial inoculants as silage additives on fermentation, aerobic stability, and in vitro organic matter digestibility of sunflower silages. Lalsil®Dry (Lallemand, France), containing water soluble Lactobacillus buchneri, Pediococcus acidilactici with cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes, was chosen as bacterial inoculants. The inoculants were applied to silages at the rates of 5, 10 and 20 mg kg−1 fresh weight levels. After the treatment, chopped whole crop sunflower was ensiled in 1.0-L special vacuum bags.

A total of 22 cows, out of which 10 cows were in late gestation and the remaining 12 cows with a history of retained placenta and abnormal lochial discharge, were selected for the purpose of study. The 10 cows in late gestation were placed in the control group. Group T0 (n=10) was kept as control and not given any treatment. Group T1 (n=6) was treated with Exapar bolus at the rate of 4 boli/day for 3 days. Group T2 (n=6) was treated with AV/UTB/26 at the rate of 2 boli/day for 3. Parameters viz.

Uses of natural Fibers have gained importance in the recent years due to the Eco-friendly nature Recycling the existing natural resources and increasing the comprehensive development of agricultural waste have become the imperative in the development of green fiber and eco-textiles. In this paper, the author reviewed the development of the natural fiber from Palmyra sprout.

The present study was conducted based on field survey method in six districts of Rajshahi division during the year of 2015-16. The study revealed that eels are harvested by using baited traps, long line hook, hands, frog and handmade tools from different natural water bodies. October to December is the peak season for harvesting although freshwater eels are available round the year. Daily harvesting rate depends on season ranging from 2.0-3.5 kg/collector.

Present time is the era of changing food, sedentary lifestyle and mental stress, all these factors disturbs the digestive system resulting into many diseases. Among them Arshas are quite common in the society. Management of Arsha through surgical procedure has become notorious due to post-operative pain associated with many more complications. And surgery is not possible in cases like extremes of age, surgically unfit persons, pregnancy etc.

Potatoes tend to have relatively short production cycle and high yield per area, hence they demand the presence of readily available nutrients in soil solution. Each potato cultivar has specific characteristics of its development. The objective of this study was to verify foliar contents and to establish Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) indices for the Cupid potato cultivar with the use of organo-mineral fertilizer. The experiment was conducted in Perdizes city, Minas Gerais, during the rainy season of 2014/2015.

The present study was conducted to observe the fish biodiversity in Sherudangabeel under Mithapukurupazilla, Rangpur, Bangladesh during the period from January to March 2017. A definite structured questionnaire had used to collect the important data from 50randomly selected both temporary and permanent fishermen from the study areas. The present study had found46 species of fish from the Sherudangabeel.

Air pollution is a major problem facing by the scientists internationally, particularly in industrial areas of the developing countries. Different studies related to air pollution, have been carried out at several areas of the world, but this is the first investigation, which examined the air pollution tolerance index of some natural plant species in Palestine. Identification of plant species for their tolerance or sensitivity range to air pollutants is significant because the tolerant plant species can used for controlling air pollution in industrial locations.

The objective was to know the behavior of the canine Parvovirosis (PVC) in mongrel dogs infected naturally by variants of PVC; for that reason, 2814 mongrel canines were used, beginning from retrospective data obtained among the years 2007-2010 in the Veterinary Hospital "Canine and Felines" of the city of Guaranda, Bolivar Province, Ecuador. The diagnosis of the illness was carried out by means of the application of the functional invariant of the clinical method and the use of the quick test Anigen (BIONOTE, seagu-dong Hwaseong-if, Gyeonggi-do, Korea).

In the present study, albino rats of both the sexes were exposed to nitrogen dioxide gas (50ppm) for one hour per day for 15 and 30 days. Albino rats of both the sexes of equal size and weight (150-200g) were kept in standard laboratory conditions and grouped in three sets (A, B and C) containing twelve rats each. Control set (A) was unexposed, experimental set (B) was exposed to nitrogen dioxide gas (50ppm) and experimental set (C) was exposed to nitrogen dioxide gas (50ppm) along with supplementation of vitamin C (5mg/rat)and E (2.5mg/rat) for one hour per day for 15 and 30 days.

The material of this study was consisted of a major flamingo brought to the animal hospital on June, 2013 with complaints of weakness, anorexia and diarrhoea. During the clinical examination, animal died and later autopsy was performed. Macroscopically; sanguineous exudates in abdominal cavity, hyperaemic intestinal serosa with thickened and smooth loops were observed. In the epithelium, erosions and ulcerations were observed. In addition to these macroscopical findings, adult parasites were observed in the intestinal lumen.

The leaves of Solanum tuberosum has been studied in plants cultivated both in vitro and ex vitro under illuminated growth chamber conditions during acclamation period, as well as conventionally plants in natural conditions. These conditions induce anatomical alterations, the results showed that number of stomata in the acclimatization plants greater than in the conventionally plants. The results showed that similarity plantlets producing from tuber in vitro with field plants in some anatomical characteristic.

Sustainable consumption (SC) is considered as an important aspect for the development and environmental care for Colombia and other countries around the world. However, some limitations in terms of research and knowledge on SC (Ministerio de Ambiente, 2010) are presented at a national level, as well as at a regional and local level as there is a little information about the issue (UCEVA- CVC, 2013), and it is required to delve into the knowledge and state of art of SC (Cruz G. Javier, 2014).

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of post consumption products and residues on human health and the environment, as defined by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Colombia. We inquired about post-consumption residues known worldwide initially, contextualizing the inquiry at the national and regional level.

Okra is an important food for many populations in Côte d'Ivoire. However, viral diseases are a real threat to this crop. The general objective is to generate scientific knowledge to protect okra production. Phytosanitary surveys were carried out two weeks after planting at the Ahoué (Ayaman-Abidjan) experimental site and until harvest. The incidence and severity of symptoms were observed. The effect of the viral disease on yield was also determined by comparing the different agronomic parameters between 50 apparently healthy and infected plants.

Vorticella stalk contractility is a non-Newtonian type movement exhibiting positive DNFB (Sanger’s reagent or 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene) sensitivity when in acidic medium. This brings 25 to 30% change in contraction frequency with 0.5 to 1 fold variation in electrochemical gradients. Positive effect towards protonation supports the protoosmotic conduction (Verma AK and Singh AK, 2017) and pin-points towards reactivation of binding sites of Sfi1p and Cdc31p binding ryanodine receptors.

Background: Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the major and serious medical and public health problems in developing countries including Ethiopia. Children being major victims, therefore effective prevention and control of intestinal parasitic infections require the identification of local risk factors, particularly among school children. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors among Homesha District school children, Northwest Ethiopia.

Schistosomiasis is one of the major medical and public health problems in developing countries including Ethiopia. The objective of this study was to assess the establishment of transmission, prevalence and associated risk factors of S.mansoni infection among school children of Diza area, Northwest Ethiopia. School based cross sectional study was conducted from March-April 2016. A total of 260 school children were selected using simple random sampling technique and were screened for S. mansoni using Kato Katz technique.

The aim of research : (1) to verify the cropsyst plant model of experimental data in the field of soybean plants and (2) to predict planting time and potential yield soybean plant with the use of cropsyst model. This research is divided into several stages: (1) first calibration stage which is conducted in field from April until September 2016. (2) application models stage, where the data obtained from calibration in field will be included in cropsyst models. The required data models is climate data, ground data/soil data, also crop genetic data.

Owing to different chromosomal number and physiogenetic make up of various species of genus Antheraea (tasar silk insects) creates vital ground for variations in their behavioural breeding manifestations in both seed crop and commercial crop season. Various biological performances of these species were investigated which depended on environmental condition like climatic factors, habitat differentiation alongwith dietary variations in artificial laboratory conditions.

The DTPA extractable cationic micronutrient and some important soil physic-chemical properties were investigated in two ecosystem of Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu using GPS technique. Considering the critical limits of soil micronutrients, all soil associations were not adequately supplied with DTPA extractable micronutrients in both ecosystems. Irrespective of land use, the DTPA extractable cationic micronutrients were positively related with organic carbon content and negatively related to calcium carbonate content.

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is one of the important oilseed crops in the world and it ranks third in the area of cultivation after groundnut, mustard and rapeseed. Thirty isolates of Alternaria alternata causing leaf blight disease of sunflower during rabi season were collected from different conventional sunflower growing areas of India. All the isolates produced light brown obpyriform to ovate to obclavate conidia, which varied in the size (length, width and septa).Based on the variation in pigmentation, color of aerial mycelium the isolates were categorized into five types.

Genetic variability and divergence were studied for yield and yield related traits in fifty one elite low land rice cultures, selected on the basis of their tolerance to situations like submergence and stagnant flooding. The experimental materials possessed considerable amount of variability for all the traits. Majority of the traits showed smaller difference between phenotypic coefficient of variation and genotypic coefficient of variation.

Rice (Oryza sativa) grain quality is determined by its physical and physicochemical properties. Physical properties include kernel size, shape, milling recovery, degree of milling and grain appearance (Cruz & Khush, 2000). Physical quality has a great importance in commercial rice production as it highly influences the final output as well as the consumer demand which directly contribute to the economic profitability of the grower and miller. The L/B ratio of rice varieties Anjana (JGL-11118) and Pradhyumna (JGL-17004) were 3.62 ± 0.16 mm and 3.37 ± 0.12 mm.

Teff (Eragrostis tef) is one of the most important traditional staple cereal crop grown in Ethiopia extensively under various climatic and soil conditions. On farm experiments aimed at evaluating productivity of teff in response to NP fertilizers and identifying the most suitable NP rates for production of teff were conducted at farmer’s field at Edo Kebele, Duguna Fango Woreda, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia in the main rainy seasons of 2012 and 2013.

This experiment studied the efficiency of the electrical conductivity test to evaluate the vigor of Croton floribundus seeds. Seven seed lots were evaluated with seedlings emergency and electrical conductivity tests. In the electrical conductivity test, measurements were taken with 25 and 50 seeds samples after 02, 04, 06, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours of soaking in 75 ml of deionized water at 25 °C.

Field experiment was carried out at the farmer’s field at village Raghogarh, Dist. Guna of Madhya Pradesh to evaluate the effect of vermicompost, biofertilizers and inorganic fertilizers on the biochemical compounds (chlorophyll, carbohydrate and protein) of Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Coriander was grown with 8 different combinations of fertilizers using vermicompost, biofertilizers (Azotobacter and Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria sp. Pseudomonas strata) and chemical fertilizers (NPK) including one control treatment.

There is a variety of cooking oils from plant and animal origin which are used in the various parts of India, depending upon the region and availability. For example, people in south and west prefer groundnut oil, coconut oil etc, while those in east and north use mustard/rapeseed oil. Hence, edible oils play a crucial role in cooking and thus it is important to choose them wisely for maintaining a good health. The choices and using the cooking oil is influenced by the attitude, knowledge and perception of people towards cooking oil.

The role of aquaculture in world food production is increasing very fast, contributing with more than 40% for the total production of aquatic organisms. The general approach in modern aquaculture resembles much that of industrial agriculture and husbandry, with large energy subsidies and the usage of many chemicals in, predominantly, monoculture systems, with a large ecological footprint. In spite of the large body of regulation available worldwide, there are important ecologic, economic and social impacts in many countries as a result of aquaculture.

The circumscription and delimitation of Ammannia L., Rotala L. and Nesaea Comm. ex Kunth. have long been confused due to their similar vegetative morphology, floral and seed structure and shared habitats. The delimitation of these genera based on traditional morphological characters was found to be perplexing. Various characters have been used in describing and delimiting species of these three closely related genera, but little attention has been drawn to the leaf cuticular features and stomatal complex.

An understanding of the principles of operation of capture and culture fisheries helps to throw light on the definition of aquaculture. The expressions capture and culture fisheries are self-explanatory. In the former, one reaps the aquatic harvest without having to sow, whereas, in the latter, one has to sow the seed, nurse it, tend it, rear it and harvest it when it grows to marketable size.

Pre-treatment is an essential step before processing of food materials. Many researchers have investigated the effect of different pre treatments on various fruits, vegetables and other foods for drying. In the present investigation, different pre-treatments were studied on different quality parameters of the chips and flour. The highest recovery of chips (22.20 %) and flour (22.60 %) was recorded in T7 (blanched slices soaked in 0.1% citric acid) and T8 (blanched pieces soaked in 0.5% sodium metabisulphite) respectively.

Five pedons were evaluated for their suitability to red gram on the basis of variation in physiography, parent materials, and soil nutrients in Ponnaniyar basin soils of Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu. The pedons were developed by non calcareous gneiss with feldspar (P1), granite and feldspar intermingled in pedon 2, weathered gneiss (P3), weathered quartz and felspatic gneiss (P4) and gneiss with lime parent materials (P5) and classified as Vertisol (P3, P5), Inceptisol (P1, P2) and Alfisol (P4).

Introduction: Endometriosis is one of the most common benign gynecological diseases characterized by the implantation and growth of viable endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The exact prevalence of endometriosis is not known but estimates range from 10-15% within the women of reproductive age group. Women with endometriosis are usually confronted with one or both of the two major problems-Endometriosis associated pain and infertility.

Introduction: Endometriosis is one of the most common benign gynecological diseases characterized by the implantation and growth of viable endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The exact prevalence of endometriosis is not known but estimates range from 10-15% within the women of reproductive age group. Women with endometriosis are usually confronted with one or both of the two major problems-Endometriosis associated pain and infertility.

The present study involves the phytochemical evaluation and antibacterial activity from leaf and callus extracts of Eupatorium triplinerve (Asteraceae). Phytochemical screening in various extracts such as aqueous, ethanol, chloroform, acetone and petroleum ether of leaf and callus reveals the presence of tannins, saponins, phenols, flavonoids, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, alkaloids and steroids. The leaf and callus extracts were quantitatively evaluated for tannin content with tannic acid as standard.

Green synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles from seaweed extract is a promising alternative to the traditional method of chemical synthesis. In this paper, we report the synthesis of nanostructured zinc oxide particles by a biological method. Highly stable and spherical zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NP’s) are produced by zinc acetate utilizing the biocomponents of crude extract of Turbinaria conoides.

Chromium (Cr) is a hexavalent compound and a transitional metal used in different industries has been associated with reproductive abnormalities in male Swiss mice. Testicular dysfunctions, production of morphologically abnormal sperms, decreased sperm count, derangement of spermatogonial cells in the seminiferous tubules are the parameters of study in chromium induced Swiss mice. In the present study, an attempt has been undertaken to demonstrate whether chromium ions can traverse from the mother to the foetus and neonatal pups during gestation and lactation phases.

In most cases Cochlear Implant users are subject to post-surgical treatment that not only calibrates and adjusts via mapping functions the acoustic characteristics of the recipient’s hearing, but also applies linguistic course treatments designed to reverse the physical or mental debilitating effects of severe hearing loss. Usually Cochlear Implant users attend stringent Special Education courses to regain normal schooling access. During this process, distinguishing features of oral and aural communication are promoted.

The soil water reserve in N’djaména and surroundings is investigated using data onpluviometry and reference evapotranspiration for the period from 1980 to 2007. Monthly averages and standard deviations calculated for each year show that the soil of this area was under a permanent deficit of water. The driest year was 2001 with the highest average deficit of -155.8 mm/month compare to the year 1994 with a minimal amount of -105.6 mm/month. The analysis of its time tendency shows that from year to year that deficit was becoming deeper and deeper.

As the use of digital techniques for transmitting and storing images are increasing, it becomes very important issue that how to protect the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of images over the open network is not toiled with. There are various techniques which are discovered from time to time to encrypt and decrypt images to make them more secure during transmission. This paper reviewed 28 research papers dealing with wide-range of image encryption and decryption techniques that are combined to give a better algorithm.

Although the consumption of fossil fuels is rapidly increasing, the development of other energy sources to replace fossil fuels is still insufficient. In this situation, marine reclamation of organic wastes is banned, and research on the fuel conversion using organic wastes is being actively carried out. Among them, fuelization using sewage sludge is progressing, but high water content and biodegradability of sewage sludge are a problem of conversion to fuel. So a method of mixing biomass is used.

This study was performed to reduce greenhouse gas by producing the bio solid fuel with sewage sludge as the main material. However, the sewage sludge has a high moisture content, so the energy cost of the drying process is considerable, and the calorific value is 3000 ~ 4000kcal / kg, which is low value to replace fossil fuels. In order to improve these problems and to secure competitiveness against fossil fuels, bio - solid fuel was prepared by mixing sewage sludge and biomass, and then the mixing ratio was optimized.

In a fuzzy graph, the arcs are mainly classified in to α, β and δ. In this paper, some arc sequences in fuzzy graphs are introduced, whose concept are based on the classification of arcs. Besides complete in fuzzy graphs, regular in fuzzy graph are obtained. It is shown that α -arc sequence of a complete is a zero-one sequence, δ-arc sequence of a regular fuzzy graph is a zero sequence.

Advertising is the key for building, creating and sustaining brands. Advertisements play a major role in persuading, informing and reminding both potential and existing customers towards making a brand decision. It plays a vital role in shaping dreams and aspirations and helps customer take conscious product and brand decisions. Television advertising is the most memorable and easily digested formats around us.

The results of investigations of the side conversions of methanol in the conditions of alkylation of 2-methylphenol by methyl alcohol in the presence of the catalyst PdCaY are presented. It has been shown that the main product of the side conversion of alcohol – dimethyl ether is also able to develop the methylation reaction of o-cresol with average rate.

In three-dimensional metrology. Three-dimensional measuring means the means have been widely multiplied in recent years, in metrology laboratories, in production workshops, with the evolution of technology in general, the software associated with these machines are multiplied and allow to obtain the results of measurements with different methods. In this paper we carried out a series of measurements of ten (10) identical parts on a numerically controlled three dimensional measuring machine.

FBX dosimeter is mainly based on the determination of the radiation dose from the chemical changes produced in an irradiated medium, which can be measured by Spectrophotometer or Colorimeter, for which adequate FBX solution is required for measuring the optical density (OD). In present study, we measured the entrance and exit dose in the carcinoma patient’s body surface during the radiation therapy using FBX dosimeter. These findings were compared with computerized treatment planning system.

In this Paper we have studied the PLC and VFD, its operation which can be used along with the Induction Motor and can control the parameters of it for Automation in industries. The overall scheme and system of implementing V/f control has been presented. One of the basic requirements of this scheme is the PWM Inverter system. In this, PWM Inverters have been modelled and their outputs are fed to the Induction Motor drives system. The uncontrolled singl like transient and steady state response of the Induction Motor has been obtained and analyzed.

The present status of Dipolog Bay was assessed at three selected sites and two substations (nearshore and offshore). The physico – chemical and biological characteristics of seawater were determined from the water samples of the three stations from March to May 2016. Data on total coliforms, fecal coliforms, heterotrophic plate count, total suspended solids, nitrates, phosphates, as well as the physico-chemical parameters such as dissolved oxygen, salinity, pH and temperature were collected and analyzed.

This review was undertaken as preparatory work to provide the background and scientific rationale for a laboratory study on TheraCal. A review of the literature was performed by using electronic and hand-searching methods for the chemical and physical properties. More clinical studies will be necessary. Gaps in the research field for TheraCal include the topics solubility, setting mechanism, microhardness, and bond strength.

Chemical phases of iron in large number of the Ayurvedic bhasma are investigated through Mössbauer Spectroscopy. Iron is found in oxide form as Fe2O3 or Fe3O4 or both in all the bhasma studied here irrespective of their nature their mode of preparation. The size distribution of iron particles is different for different bhasma. It is known that iron oxide is toxic to human body and it is also not easily absorbed in it. Mössbauer studies point to iron oxide being present in these bhasma and thus not safe for human consumption.

The work mainly deals with the design of a geostationary orbit for a communication satellite. The mission and requirements are determined by the ∆V budget calculation been done for four different cases and obtained the low ∆V total which will be more efficient for the fuel consumption. Six Keplerian Orbital elements and orbital perturbations for the low earth parking orbit and finally attained geostationary orbit is been calculated theoretically and shown.

From the previous discussions of the paper we studied various orbit types under inclination and eccentricity classifications and chosen to work on GEO based on two major ideas (i) fuel consumption and (ii) building a constellation in GEO. To obtain a desired geostationary orbit, we need to calculate its ∆V budget, keplerian orbital elements and orbital perturbations. In this paper, ∆Vcalculation will be done four different cases and obtain a low ∆V total, which is more efficient for less fuel consumption.

3/4th of the research work has been done based on selecting an orbit for a communication satellite, delta-V calculation to obtain a low delta-V total for fuel consumption, building required impulsive burns to attain the orbit by the satellite and six keplerian orbital elements to describe the satellite’s position and direction in the previous discussions of my paper. In this paper orbital perturbations calculation will be done for various disturbances which affect the satellite’s mission. Usually geosynchronous launch vehicle is used to spot the satellite in its particular position.

Required calculations like delta-V budget, orbital elements and perturbations had been done for designing a geostationary orbit for a communication satellite in previous parts of my paper. Now designing, simulating and analysing GEO will be done here. To attain the orbit we need to set a differential corrector, create a required mission sequence to build impulsive burns which plays an important role to obtain a hohmann transfer. Then the three dimensionalorbital views, ground station, eclipse locator and contact locator are made.

After the detailed study about orbits, GEO is chosen based on developments to be done in the inclination and eccentricity. Hohmann transfer is needed to attain the GEO, so delta-V calculation is carried out for four different cases and proved the lower delta-V total. To extend further, calculations for orbital elements and perturbations to be done, to analysis the satellite’s position in its respective orbit. By determining these values, they can be entered in the software and orbit design will be optimized.

Authorized system authentication is very sensitive and important task of today’s s high technology system. Here in this paper we have proposed a lip movement biometric authentication system in which different phases of operation have explained. Also the attack points are explained. The system will securing authentication.

This study aims to determine the impact of price indexes and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) index on trends in the use of domestic air transport in Vietnam. From the theoretical base, the article has developed a model of research and analysis the data of these elements over a 15-year period from 2002 to 2016. Research results show that the GDP index and transport price index of alternative modes have a positive impact on the trend of using domestic air transport service in Vietnam, but price index of air transport has a negative impact.

This is a review paper which focuses on the different energy storage devices based renewable power generation systems. The renewable energy systems are progressively being accepted because these are environmental friendly and freely available. These energy systems can play an important role in remote places where power is not viable to be transported from long distances. On the other hand, tapping the renewable energy from the natural sources such as sun and wind has its own demerits. Due to varying weather conditions, the renewable energy systems are not able to satisfy the load demand.

The current study is aimed at investigation of effective factors on successful implementation of knowledge management in Iranian public banks and its impact on job satisfaction of these employees. The increasing growth of knowledge and skills in information technology, globalization and competitive environment of the banking industry environment, as well as the rapid changes in this area have made it necessary to better organize and manage well-known and hidden organizational knowledge.

The effect of Polyethylene glycol (PEG) and Polyacrylamide (PAA) addition, on the properties of the ordinary cement and mortar, such as setting time, flow-ability, compressive, and tensile strength has been studied by adding 1,3,5,7wt% additive of PEG400 and (PEG/PAA) by weight of cement. Flexural strength has been determined using center point bending system. Bulk density and water absorption of resulting products was tested.

Study of coordination compounds of heavy metal ions is of special interest since past due to their growing applications in science and technology. Complexation behavior of Triphenyl-Methane Dyes viz. Chrome Azurol-S,CAS; and Pyrocatechol Violet PCV, in the presence and absence of surfactant Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide has been found to form stable water soluble pink colored complexes. CTAB have shown to increase sensitivity of the color reactions of these complexes with greater solubility and higher stability.

This paper present the use of electronic information resources by students in sahrdaya college of engineering and technology, kodakara. Relevant literature of the electronic information resources and its use in various categories of users has been reviewed. The study examined the types of electronic information resources used by the research scholars, the frequency of use, the purpose of use of electronic information resources, the level of satisfaction in electronic resources and barriers faced by the students while accessing the same.

Memory is an important component of an embedded system. Memory testing is very complex. Large error rates are occurring because of technology scaling and also due to higher integration densities. Soft errors are considered as one of the problems with respect to the memories. This paper focuses on the design of an efficient system, that detects and corrects the error. Hence, the number of cycles required to detect and correct the error is also less. EG-LDPC codes, that is, Euclidean Geometry Low Density Parity Check codes are used here.

In this communication, we establish the general formula for -Fibonacci sequence. Also, we prove some theorems using the recurrence relation for -Fibonacci sequence and the properties of the matrices.

In developing countries the energy problems are both widespread and serious. Lack of access to sufficient and sustainable supplies of energy impacts around 90% of the population of many developing countries. People are compelled to live without regular and good quality electricity supply. The rural population remains dependent on fuels such as animal dung, crop residues, fuel wood and charcoal to cook their daily meals.

The usual reason to annotate data (i.e. add metadata to it) is to simplify access to it. This is one of the key ideas behind the semantic web. The metadata added to documents or images allow for more effective searches. In the case of images, if they are completely described by a textual annotation, then many image searches can be done effectively by text search techniques.In this paper the different approaches of annotation of images are discussed.

To R. K. Narayan was born on 10th August, 1906 in Madras in a working class south Indian family. R.K. Narayan is widely considered to be one of India's greatest English language novelists. The most attractive feature of Narayan's personality is that he is a pure Indian both in spirit and thought, despite his preference for English language over his mother tongue for the expression of his creative urge. Deeply rooted in religion and family, he is understandably indiffrent to literary fashions of the West. All his works take place in the village of Malgudi, the typical Indian village.

Neuroscientists in recent years are describing a lot of the complex structure of the brain and also the mechanisms of learning and memory in the brain by using the recently developed technology. Therefore, the researcher attempts to make a leap into an approach for a better foreign language learning by investigating the concept of brain plasticity first and followed by considering the relationship between language acquisition and learning period as well as foreign language proficiency in this paper.

Despite the progressively expansion of global trade in services in developing economies today, with share of 31 percent in global exports and 38.7 percent in global imports of commercial services in the year 2015, and with 9.8 percent and 10.4 percent overall mean growth in exports and imports of commercial services in the span of 10 years (i.e. 2006 to 2015), whereas in the same span overall mean growth in exports and imports of commercial services in developed economies were 5.4 percent and 4.7 percent.

Background: Work related low back pain is one of the most expensive disorders among the worldwide working population. This condition was highly prevalent that approximately 85% staff at WSU having back pain was brought on by prolonged sitting. With the rapid growth of modern technology, sitting has now become the most common posture in today’s work- place. Idea of using motor control learning approach provides the optimal control and coordination of the spine. The McKenzie evaluation uses repeated movements and sustained positions.

School culture is a life attitude that is realized by the view of life by values that have become the nature, habits and driving forces that entrenched in the life of a group of society / organization, which is reflected in the behavior, beliefs, ideals, opinions and actions Tangible as work or work. The concept of school organizational culture will ultimately affect the school climate.

This research uses quantitative approach, intended to know : 1) a direct relationship between education and unemployment with the poverty of population, and 2) an indirect relationship between education and unemployment with the poverty through the economic growth of the population. The data were obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics (time series) year 2000-2015 as the source of data. By using a path analysis tool, it is proved that education decreases the poverty of the population, as shown by the path coefficient value of -0.238.

In our society, the analgesic care and quality of life issues in patients with fatal illnesses like advanced cancer and AIDS have become an important concern for clinicians. Similar to this concern has arisen another controversial issue-euthanasia or “mercy –killing” of terminally ill patients. Proponents of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) feel that an individual's right to independence automatically entitles him to choose a painless death. The opponents feel that a physician's role in the death of an individual violates the central precept of the medical profession.

The study was carried out in Bauchi metropolis of Nigeria to appraise work behavior in business organizations. The research assessed some selected petroleum service stations with strong view to analyze the industrial psychology of making business managers/owners know and apply the appropriate techniques to keep employees at their best, as not too many Nigerians give their all to Jobs where they only enjoy paid benefits.

In today’s Global Era, people focus too much on changing fashion trends and adopt new styles, colors, patterns, techniques, outfits and accessories. In this changing era, innovation of braiding techniques in garments can enhance the look of the outfits as well as bring something new in the society. Till today braiding is more significant to produce technical textiles and household textiles rather than fashion garments. So a study on “Braiding – Advancement in the world of Garment Designing” was conducted.

Knowledge Management is considered to be the most important aspect for a company to gain a competitive advantage in today’s global scenario. Most IT companies in India provide solutions to companies all over the world for their work-related problems (Kumaraswamy, 2005). While knowledge management has become an apparent factor in companies, implementing knowledge management, its sustainability, process and initiatives are yet to be critically analyzed within context of the Indian IT firms.

The aim of this paper is to explore the current statutory law on the matter of custody and analyze the conditions under which the custody can be handed over under various personal law. Furthermore, the judicial response to this issue is evaluated through the help of various decided case laws. In addition to that this paper intends to provide an insight to judiciary's response to the principle of best interest of the child in the realm of deciding the matter of custody.

The indigenous people of Kumaun region of Uttarakhand, (India) have always played a significant role in conserving the biodiversity. Traditional and cultural forms of biodiversity conservation practices still exist among these societies, such as sacred groves, sacred species and sacred landscapes. The indigenous people have developed their norms and rules through myths and folklores which prove that they are aware of significance of forest and biodiversity in their life. This folklores prevent the destruction of sacred and important flora.

Urbanisation has become a rapid socio-economic phenomena in the twenty first century. Urbanism, or way of life of urban dwellers is the process which shapes the urban structure. Economic activities are a major part of this way of life, of which consumer behavior is a major part. It influences the urban scenario and environment in more than one way. The present study tries to assess the changing character of consumer behaviour in a peripheral municipality of Kolkata Metropolitan Area, Baidyabati, situated almost forty kilometers away from Kolkata.

Approaching philosophy is synonymous with recognizing the epistemological path of any culture, and of course, it represents the ways to mobilize pedagogically the worldviews of people. What is intended to achieve is a connection chosen and adapted from those moments and "fables" that have influenced and formed the worldview of the Eastern people, especially the Chinese people. Being this way, it is not an act of erudition, the talent will consist in demonstrating a selective judgment and a scriptural style that can shed light on the proposal.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and life quality of physically handicapped individuals. Population of this study consisted of physically handicapped individuals who receive treatment at different rehabilitation centers of Istanbul province, and sample consisted of 172 volunteer participants who were selected randomly.

The curriculum is important in providing quality human capital to meet the challenges of the 21st century. A systematic evaluation needs to be done to obtain information and data relating to curriculum implementation in schools. Hence, the researcher used the Tyler Assessment Model (1950) to evaluate the implementation of Primary School Standard Curriculum or known as Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah (KSSR) of the subject World of Science and Technology (WST). Based on Tyler's Model, the four aspects of the evaluation are: objective, content, method, and assessment.

This study examined cash less policy and the financial performance of banks in Nigeria. Time series data for the period 2007 to 2016 for five variables representing about fifty (50) annual observations was generated from the Central Bank of Nigeria Economic Reports and Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation Annual Reports. The study used Augmented Dickey Fuller test to determine the stationary state of the variables. It also employs the descriptive statistics and panel least squares multiple regression method to analyze the data generated.

Effects of phenyl vinyl ketone (PVK) inhibitor on electrochemical behavior of Pb-3%Sb alloy electrode have been studied by linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and Tafel polarization measurements. The alloy surface morphology after discharge/charge reactions was studied by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results show that PVK additive may strongly suppress hydrogen evolution even at a low concentration of 20μL.L-1 and reduce the rate of corrosion reaction which occurs on negative electrode grids of the lead- acid battery.

The paper is a theoretical study on the problem of inconsistency and prospect in measurement and evaluation of students’ performance in the foundation lying of nation building. The paper extolled the role of accurate measurement and evaluation of students’ performance in quality (or safety) assurance in nation building. Clarifying the role of measurement and evaluation in nation building was not farfetched since the concept of ‘building’ is synonymous with construction whose key element is measurement.

Indian Literature in English might as yet appear as a conundrum. India is of course, India, and English the language of England. English in India still reflects the stereotypical colonial hangover. But without resorting to such platitudes like English being an international language, and writing in English in India being one major way of getting noticed overseas etc, I might state that there is as yet little need for pleading the case for the existence and flourishing of Indian writings in English.

Advertisement is the promotional activity for marketing a commodity. In the present day world of mass production and distribution, advertising serves as the powerful tool in the marketing machinery. It is only through proper advertising a new product can be introduced in the market. Advertising to children is the act of marketing or advertising products or services defined by national legislation and advertising standards. It is often a subject of debate, relating to the alleged influence on children consumption. Laws concerning such advertisements have largely evolved in recent years.

Higher Education in India had a long glorious historical past. After the advent of British the aim and objectives of higher education in India was to produce English knowing Indians for doing the subordinate government service and clerical jobs. Higher education was an elitist in character. After independence the Indian higher education system has undergone many important changes. Now it is available to the masses. Higher education in India has expended quantitatively not qualitatively.

The Philosophy of non violence is very important in the 21st century, because today we live in a violent world. Everywhere there is a mood of restlessness and a desire for change. It is absolutely true that violence can never solve problems or bring peace to the world. It is the law of our species as violence is the law of brute. But non – violence is a guarantee and is most efficacious virtue. If we apply the ideas and ideals of non violence in our day to day life we can establish the kingdom of God on earth.

Technological Platform of meeting between supply and demand that can be used by any user from his cellphone (even if it is low range) and is complemented by other technologies such as USSD and SMS, with the idea of increasing the number of people who use the technology aiming to look for machinery needs, employment, news, agricultural alerts, etc. Case study research in Ranchers Cooperative of Valle del Cauca - Colombia.

The paper Right Implication of Unique identification Number tries to put the current UID project of India into a perspective to evaluate the set of issues and concerns, as pointed by various entrepreneur and try to understand the degree of criticality of those arguments. In this light, the areas of concerns around the UID project in India are also being pointed out.

The research article covers the issues regarding BCCI’s amenability to the High Court’s writ jurisdiction were a crucial question for the court to decide. The most important issue to determine in this regard is whether the BCCI comes within the definition of ‘State’ under Art 12 of the Constitution.

A Comparison of the Ancient Zoroastrian Flood Saga and the Story of Noah in the Book of Genesis concerns the myth as related to Noah in the Book of Genesis, which originated in the ancient Near East. Commonalities among Noah's Ark and ancient Sumerian and Babylonian flood stories include a chosen hero, godly wrath, and flood warnings, instructions to build a mechanism to survive the flood, gathering of animal and human lives, survival, and repopulation.

Land is becoming a scarce resource due to population growth and industrialization Techniques and methods of using satellite imageries as data sources have been developed and successfully applied for land use classification and change detection in various environments. This study attempted to expose the impact of changes in land use/land cover of Thanjavur Taluk, Tamil Nadu. The relationship between Land Use Changes and its trend is analysed.

This paper is going to analyze and light on the political, economic, and trade cooperation between Somaliland and Ethiopia, the paper explores how Somaliland and Ethiopia’s bilateral relations to be sustained to the existing political context based on the status of de jure concept of statehood and de facto statehood Ethiopia and Somaliland respectively .The paper will also attempt to find out the political and trade implications encountered by both parts in their performance of diplomacy, security and economic relations.

Background: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. The galectin-3 is a member of the beta-galectoside family that play an important role in cellular growth, differentiation and malignant transformation in various organs including thyroid. Aim: To evaluate immunohistochemical expression of galectin-3 in neoplastic and non-neoplastic thyroid lesions and correlated with histopathology.

Diabetes mellitus a concern for public health. Diabetes mellitus is increasingly becoming a prime chronic threat and burden around the globe. Unhealthy diet due to lack of awareness in health care leads to increase in the prevalence of diabetes. Along with medical nutrition therapy, nutrition education play a vital role in the management of diabetes mellitus. Periodically follow-up is also essential to maintain sugar level and hence will reduce the incidences of diabetes mellitus.

The aim of our study was to assess contrast enhanced multi-detector CT (CE-MDCT), FDG-PET and FDG-PET/CT accuracy in loco-regional staging of colorectal cancer. Methods: Eighteen (10 M, 8 F; aged 41-77 years) patients with histologically proven colorectal adenocarcinoma were enrolled. All patients underwent surgical resection within ten days of diagnostic assessment. CE-MDCT, FDG-PET and FDG-PET/CT were reviewed without knowledge of the results of histology.

Aim: To present two cases of mandibular second molars with a single root and single canal which was diagnosed and treated successfully. The variability of root canal morphology of multirooted teeth represents a continuous challenge to endodontic diagnosis and therapeutics. Variations of root canal systems may not be only in the form of extra canals. Clinicians should be aware that there is a possibility of the existence of lesser numbers of roots and root canals than that encountered with normal root canal anatomy.

Aim: To identify the fundamental long-term care needs of the elderly, with dependence on self-care. Materials and Methods: A search was carried out at the EBSCO (CINAHL, MEDLINE, British Nursing Index), Scielo, LILACS, Open Access Scientific Repository in Portugal and Repository of the National Continuous Care Network, using PCC method (Scoping Review). Retrospectively until 2010, from which 17 articles were extracted. Results: Functional, cognitive and emotional capacity emerge as variables of the competence for self-care.

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease which leads to destruction of the attachment apparatus and supporting structures of the teeth. The ultimate goal of periodontal therapy is to not only arrest the progression of periodontal disease but also to establish a functional dentition by regenerating the lost tissues. Conventional periodontal flap surgery provides access to the root surfaces for proper debridement of infected tissues and plaque and calculus from the subgingival root surfaces. However, these procedures bid partial potential for periodontal regeneration.

The aim of the study was to compare the comfort that patients experience during the application of local anesthetics with the conventional technique vs technical anesthesia controlled by computer, among children from 4 to 10 years old with different needs regarding dental treatment, the results did not show differences in the comfort and acceptance between both techniques

Introduction: The most significant cause of morbidity and mortality after pancreatic resection, either for malignancy or certain benign disorders, is the development of pancreatic leak and pancreatic fistula. Fistula formation is multifactorial and is often influenced by patient-specific anatomic features of the pancreas and operative techniques at the time of resection.Various strategies have been employed to decrease its incidence including pharmacologic manipulation, and modifications and refinements in surgical technique.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a new therapeutic approach in adolescents with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), based on Alternative Insulin Sensitizers as Inositol and α-Lipoic Acid, natural antioxidant, at the dose, twice daily. Design: Retrospective study.

Alcohol use is common worldwide. Although used as a pleasurable substance, it has been associated with both acute and chronic diseases. Alcoholic hepatitis is a major life-threatening illness caused by chronic alcohol intake. Corticosteroids remain the mainstay of treatment in severe alcoholic hepatitis. Pentoxiphylline is used as an alternative drug where corticosteroids are contraindicated. In this review, we attempted to evaluate the largest multi-centric trial, “STOPAH”, which focused on possible treatment modalities for severe alcoholic hepatitis.

Background: Sella turcica and cervical vertebrae are recognized on lateral cephalometric radiographs and routinely traced for cephalometric analysis. Aim: The purpose of present study was to measure the size and describe the morphology of sellaturcica and cervical vertebrae maturation indicator in different skeletal ages. Materials and Methods: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 200 subjects of which 100 males and 100 females in age group of 10-30 years included in the study.

The use of a helicopter as a primary response vehicle for the ambulance service is presented. A brief analysis of the activities of the air ambulance is described and an appraisal of its effects on the overall performance of the service is given. Emphasis is given to patient acceptability and also to the flexibility of the helicopter in terms of its response to different situations. In conclusion, The air ambulance, as part of an integrated ambulance service, is an effective provider of good pre-hospital care.

Background: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. The galectin-3 is a member of the beta-galectoside family that play an important role in cellular growth, differentiation and malignant transformation in various organs including thyroid. Aim: To evaluate immunohistochemical expression of galectin-3 in neoplastic and non-neoplastic thyroid lesions and correlated with histopathology.

Arch form is highly individualized. During orthodontic treatment patients original arch form should not be affect the equilibrium between bone, dental structure and muscular structure Dental arch width and form are important factors for determining the success and stability of orthodontic treatment. One goal of orthodontic treatment is to create a dental arch form that establishes a stable relationship with the underlying basal bone.

A rare case of iatrogenic root perforation with corresponding gingival defect in esthetic zone was reported by 21 year old boy. Cervical root perforation of a maxillary left central incisor was associated with the defect in the attached gingiva with the history of incomplete root canal treatment. The tooth was retreated, perforation was sealed and gingival defect was corrected improving the esthetics of a patient.

Introduction: Identification of humans is a prime requisite for certification of death, for personal, social and legal reasons in forensic sciences. Palatal rugae considered as an important tool in individual’s identification when other methods are not feasible or available. Objectives: To analyze the various palatal rugae patterns among adult central Indian population and to evaluate for any differences that could be related to gender identification in central Indian population.

Objective: We aim to study the clinical and metabolic profile with prevalence and clinic-pathological correlates of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in routine health check-up. Method: After ethical clearance, general population presenting for preventive health check-up over a 4-month period was studied. Influence of alcohol was excluded by history and De Ritis ratio. Anthropometric, metabolic parameters and ultrasonography of liver were noted and data was analysed using SPSS 20.0.

Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a critical and rapidly growing global health problem. Uremia is considered to be the second leading cause of frequent metabolic neuropathy. Neurological complications occur in almost all patients with severe CKD, potentially affecting all levels of the nervous system, from the CNS through to the PNS. Peripheral neuropathy manifests in almost all such patients, leading to weakness and disability.

Background: Human immune-deficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to be an important risk factor for the development of central nervous system opportunistic infections (OI) especially cryptococcal meningitis which is an AIDS defining illness. Cryptococcal meningitisis an important contributing factor to morbidity and mortality in HIV infected individuals. It is a life threatening disease with a 100% case fatality in the absence of an appropriate treatment regimen.

Introduction: Leukoplakia has evolved as a clinic-pathologic concept over many years, with the current clinical term being established worldwide. Insightful of the biology of leukoplakia is the concept of cellular atypia and epithelial dysplasia. It is the most common potential premaliganant lesion and has high incidence of conversion into malignant lesion. Various noninvasive methods were studied to demonstrate metabolic changes in oral pathological condition. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzyme is found in various cells in our body.

Background: Urinary excretory obstruction causes obstructive acute kidney injury (AKIOb) which is a real public health problem. Objective: To study the frequency of AKI Ob, the clinical, therapeutic and the outcome aspects and the recovery of renal function at the Hospital of Saint John of God Tanguiéta. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study covering a period from July 1st2011 to June 30st 2016. The study involved 75 cases collected at the Tanguiéta district hospital.

Introduction: Interstitial cystitis is an odd, chronic and progressive disease of the lower urinary tract distinguished by urinary urgency, frequency and chronic pelvic pain in the absence of previous aetiology and poorly understood pathogenesis. It is well established that dysfunctional pelvic floor muscles contribute significantly to the symptom of Interstitial cystitis. Objective: To determine the efficacy of pelvic floor myofascial trigger release in female patients with Interstitial cystitis and pelvic pain.

Introduction: Dental caries is an infectious, transmissible bacterial disease. Although, its modes of transmission include bacterial transfer in between individuals, its transmissibility has been variably reported much less within biological family units. The purpose of this study was to assess Mutans Streptococcal transmissibility from biological parents to child. Methods: A total of 57 families (comprising of parents and a child) were selected after screening all pediatric subjects visiting the hospital.

The odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a dilemmatic odontogenic developmental cyst of oral and maxillofacial region which has gained very special attention since last two decades. It has characteristic histopathological and clinical features but still the cyst is very special due to its aggressive behavior and high recurrence rate. Many prior attempts have been made to classify these cysts from 1887 to finally WHO 2017.

Synostosis or osseous union of any 2 adjacent bones can involve any part of the body. Synostosis between radius and ulna can take two forms, congenital and post-traumatic. Proximal Radioulnar Synostosis is a very rare congenital anomaly and most cases are sporadic, congenital and less often post-traumatic, bilateral in 60% and more common in males.

Osteosynthesis with open reduction technique in comminuted fracture has several disadvantages like increase rate of non-union, soft tissue problem, infection and implant failure. These problems may be overcome by percutaneous bridge plating technique which preserve the vascularity and soft tissue attachment of fracture fragments. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients were involve in this study.

Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the feasibility, advantages, disadvantages and complications in mandibular fractures treatment using 3-D non locking miniplate and 2-D non locking miniplates. Materials and Methods: This study involves of 40 patients divided into two groups I & II (20 each) treated with ORIF using 2mm locking miniplates and 3-D plate respectively. Results: Mean duration of surgery (minutes) was 22.4±2.75 for group I and 13.8±1.93 for group II. One patient in group I showed slight wound dehiscence.

Introduction: Appendicitis is one of the commonest surgical emergency and appendectomy is the most common surgery. Histopathological examination of appendectomy specimens is must to confirm the diagnosis and also to report unusual findings and to detect incidental neoplasms at the earliest possible Aims and Objectives: To study the proportion of various lesions in resected specimens of appendix and to emphasize the need of histopathological examination.

Background: Ipsilateral intertrochancteric ractures with fracture of shaft of femur are rare injuries. They warrant special diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. The aim was to study the results of operative treatment of ipsilateral intertrochanchteric and shaft femur fractures with dynamic hip screw (DHS) and retrograde nailing (DFN). Emphasis was posed on long- term functional outcome, especially daily activities. Material and Methods: 8 patients (6 male and 2 female) with ipsilateral intertrochancteric and shaft of femur fractures were treated with vari¬ous fixation devices.

Background: Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) is commonly associated with reversible peripheral blood abnormalities. Anemia is associated with more severe forms of TB and poorer TB outcomes, including deaths. Objectives: To determine the hematological profile among newly diagnosed tuberculosis patients. Methods: The prospective study was conducted among 200 newly diagnosed pulmonary TB patients at DOTS centre, Najafgarh, New Delhi between 2015-16.Blood sample was collected to measure Hemoglobin at the start and the end of Intensive Phase(IP) of anti-tuberculosis treatment.

Orthodontic treatment is a long and a complex procedure. During an orthodontic tooth movement, certain mechanical, chemical and cellular events takes place in teeth and its surrounding tissues allowing structural changes that cause orthodontic tooth movement. There is an increase in number of adult patients seeking orthodontic treatment in last three decades. Esthetics being their primary concern and secondary being short treatment period. So accelerating tooth movement is gaining more importance in orthodontic practice and many studies are being done.

Purpose: This paper aims to study the role of five variables in the susceptibility to orthodontically induced root resorption in order to obtain an integrative model to predict the occurrence of this complication following fixed appliance therapy. Materials and Methods: Pre and post treatment records of 34 patients treated with MBT 0.022 slot appliances for a minimum of one year were studied. Root resorption was measured in the four maxillary and mandibular incisors using pre and post treatment orthopantomograms and lateral cephalograms.

Introduction: Poor quality of infant and young child feeding practices are the major cause of malnutrition among the under – 5 children of any society. The composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) is a recent, and relatively robust criterion because it envisages all the parameters for estimation of nutritional status of a child. Objectives: To determine anthropometric failure and its socio-demographic determinants among under – 5 children registered at Anganwadi centres.

The concept of preventive prosthodontics deals with the preservation of remaining teeth and decreasing the rate of existing alveolar bone resorption. It also highlights the importance of any procedure that can delay or eliminate future prosthodontic problems. In fabrication of complete denture the rules of preventive prosthodontics were violated as the remaining teeth were extracted and the rate of bone resorption is not declined. In an order to achieve measures of preventive prosthodontics telescopic dentures are an effective treatment modality.

Background: Oral Carcinoma is the 6th most common carcinoma worldwide and Radiotherapy is the one among the treatment option. Oral care is the most important option to combat complication due to radiation, in oral cancer. Sodium bicarbonate mouth rinse is better than normal saline in relieving side effects. Aim: To compare the effects of sodium bicarbonate and normal saline in reducing radiation induced side effects Methods: A total of 73 patients undergoing radiation for head and neck cancer were selected.

Introduction: Development is the process by which each child evolves from helpless infancy to independent adulthood Developmental delay if detected during early years of life can be prevented from causing further damage. Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in Aliganj, urban field practice area of Vardhmann Mahavir Medical College, Delhi. A pretested, semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection, growth was assessed using WHO growth charts and Developmental delay was assessed by Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd edition (ASQ-3).

Vacuum Assisted Closure Vacuum assisted closure (VAC) is a relatively new technology with applications in a variety of difficult to manage acute and chronic wounds. It is known by many pseudonyms—TNP (topical negative pressure) SPD (sub-atmospheric pressure) VST (vacuum sealing technique) and SSS (sealed surface wound suction)

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from one person to another. The NCDs include cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma), diabetes etc. The objective of the present study was to compare the prevalence of NCDs focusing mainly on Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Cardio-Vascular Diseases (CVD)/Hypertension (HTN) in High Socio-Economic Groups (HSEG), Middle Socio-Economic Groups (MSEG) and Low Socio-Economic Groups (LSEG) staying in Mumbai.

Introduction: Endodontic success relates to the ‘endodontic triad’ composed of instrumentation, disinfection and obturation, which are interwoven. Intricacies of the root canals in the primary teeth make it impossible for instrumentation alone to reach the finer, more tortuous aspects of the anatomy. Moreover, endodontic infections are polymicrobial in nature with a predominance of stubborn anaerobic organisms like E-Faecalis which further complicates the outcome. Irrigation thus permits efficient removal of the residual tissue and the microbial load.

Aim: Comparing Cone Beam Computed Tomography and clearing technique in human primary molars for detection of accessory canals. Materials and Methods: 100 extracted human primary molars constituting of maxillary and mandibular molars were collected. The study compared number of accessory canals using Cone Beam Computed Tomography and clearing technique in primary molars. The accessory canals were observed in furcation area; coronal one-third, middle one-third and apical one-third of root canals.

Treatment of Class II malocclusion continues to be a great challenge that orthodontists face in day to day clinical practice. In order to succeed, it is very important to have the most effective tool. One of the latest evolution in Class II correctors is the PowerScope which is manufactured by American Orthodontics in conjunction with Dr. Andy Hayes. This intermaxillary Class II corrector appliance was developed to address the critical needs of the orthodontist, including patient comfort and acceptance, extensive range of motion, and simple installation.

Dental caries is a progressive microbial damage to teeth that affects 95% of the population. There is currently no highly sensitive and specific clinical means for detection of dental caries at its early stage. Detection of early caries in enamel would be of significance since it is possible to reverse the process of decay therapeutically at this stage. Caries diagnosis continues to be a challenging task for dental practioners. Hence, the purpose of the present article is to review the various methods of diagnosing dental caries.

Introduction: Prior to diagnosis lymphoma patients often have multiple primary care consultations, resulting in diagnostic delay. They are less likely to be referred urgently to hospital and often present in advanced stage or land up in emergency. This is a dismal picture for an otherwise curable disease. There is a paucity of studies in Indian context examining this diagnostic delay. We retrospectively examined this diagnostic delay and clarify its impact on clinical stage and outcome in our institution.

Dental implants have become a treatment option for the replacement of missing teeth. The ideology of osseointegration has rapidly led to the use of dental implants over the years. New technologies are emerging and have been readily accepted into dentistry. There is a need for high accuracy in treatment planning and surgical procedures to obtain a high success rate in implant treatment as implant complications mainly occur due to improper diagnosis, treatment planning and execution of surgical procedures.

Background: TB continues to be a public health problem in India despite the government-run nationwide control programme. Till now the focus has been on adult TB, be it preventive or curative, with very little thrust on paediatric TB. Children are particularly vulnerable to severe disease and death following infection, and children with latent infections become reservoirs for future transmission following disease reactivation in adulthood, thus contributing to future epidemics. Research on understanding of paediatric TB is urgently needed.

Haricot bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most widely distributed and has the broadest range of genetic resources. In Ethiopia, the yield of haricot bean is extremely low mainly due to nitrogen deficiency and also little information is available regarding diversity of rhizobia nodulating haricot bean.

A genome is an organism’s complete set of genetic material that contains all information needed to build and maintain/perpetuate that organism as well as to allow it to grow and develop. In every kind of living-thing the set of inheritable structural and functional differences from other living-things is caused only by the difference in the genome. Genome is the transformer of nutritive substances from one form into another among all living-things. The Cell Theory was identified false. Genome is the unit of both structure and function in all living-things.

The present paper deals with an addition of new taxa of flowering plant to the flora of Palamu division of Jharkhand State. Updated information on nomenclature, correct description and locality is provided. This is a new distributional record for this area.

Nanoparticles have attracted the scientific research in modern day since nanotechnology is advancing day by day. Nanoparticles especially silver metal has been used in medicine and other fields since ancient time. Today with advancement in science, its applications are increasing and thus researches are being carried out to find out best methods of silver nanoparticle production.

This study was conducted to assess and analyze the prospects and challenges involved in contractual rice seed multiplication programme for seed companies in Benue state, Nigeria. Specifically, the study examined the profitability and constraints of the seed farmers. Purposive and random sampling were used to select 68 rice outgrowers/ contract farmers. Data was collected on farm management systems, production information including cost and return figures and lastly constraints faced by the respondents.

The development of new technologies, such as wind turbines or antennas, such as mobile telephony induce new forms of pollution that spread through soil faults and can have a negative impact on the health of humans and animals. Realy there are an invisible hazards in the wireless age associated with mobile phones, monitors of personal computers, base stations for mobile phones, geopathic zones, high-voltage power lines and others.

Introduction: A study on Evaluation of methodology and comparative study between Spin saline tube using without AHG, with AHG and Gel card technique for blood cross- matching on the basis of efficacy, sensitivity and specificity was undertaken on approximately 500 samples processed in Blood Bank of U.P. University of Medical Sciences, Hospital, Saifai, Etawah, India. Material and Methods: Most commonly Spin saline tube method are used widely in blood banks. A new technique of cross matching is introduced as AHG gel card.

Heating costs of greenhouse production are the costs incurred for increasing the temperature inside the greenhouse on cold days and nights, as required by the plants produced in the greenhouse. Heating costs of a protected cultivation has a high rate, namely 60 to 70 %, in production costs. Therefore, it is very important to calculate temperature requirements of greenhouses accurately for reducing production costs. In this study, a different method has been used to calculate temperature requirements of the greenhouse.

The interaction with AM Fungi, Rhizobium and Rock phosphate application has been studied on very good number of plants. Studies were undertaken on Mirabilis jalapa Linn. (Four ‘O’ clock plant) with inoculation of Rhizophagus fasciculatus (AM fungus) and Rhizobium leguminasarum with four levels of rock phosphate in which 30mg/kg soil with mycorrhiza and rhizobium influenced significantly an increased plant height, root length, biomass yield with nitrogen and phosphorus uptake in both shoot and root.

Modern society uses massive amounts of energy. Energy usage rises as population and development increase, and energy production and use often have an impact on biodiversity, land uses and natural resources. For the reduction of direct harm to the world biodiversity, the best energy options are those that use the least amount of land and fresh water, minimize pollution, restrict habitat fragmentation, and have a low risk of accidents that have large and lasting regional impacts on natural areas. Most of the present energy demand in the world is met by fossil fuels and nuclear power plants.

A study was undergone to explore the soil beneficial microorganisms in rhizosphere soils of Garcinia lanceifolia (D.Don) Roxb. Rhizosphere soil samples were collected from ten different villages of Jorhat, Nagaon, Golaghat, Sivasagar and Dima Hasao districts, Assam. Beneficial microorganisms in rhizosphere soils of Garcinia lanceifolia were cultured, isolated and identified during 2016-17. The study exposed that Garcinia lanceifolia has Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) association in roots.

An experiment was conducted to understand the growth inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts obtain from Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack and Alamanda cathartica L. (Ornamental plants) on four agricultural crops of Tripura, India. The test was conducted in sterilized Petri dishes with a photoperiod of 24 hours and an average temperature of 22±2°C. The effect of different concentrations of both the leaf extracts were recorded and compared with control (i.e., distil water).

An investigation entitled “Heterosis manifestation of MAGIC lines over the prevalent lines of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)” was carried out with 40 genotypes, in F4 derived F5 MAGIC lines, consisting of eight parents.

India is the largest producer of medicinal plants. The medicinal plants have very important role in the health of human beings as well as animals. Herbal drugs have gained importance and popularity in recent years because of their safety, efficacy and cost effectiveness. The Indian Traditional Medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani are predominantly based on the use of plant materials. The usage of medicinal plants for primary health care needs by millions of people in developing world is still occupying a prominent position.

Selfed progenies derived from diverse populations were evaluated in two seasons at Agricultural Experimental Farm, University of Calcutta, Baruipur, West Bengal, India to investigate the correlation of seed iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) content with seed yield and component traits in sesame. Significant genetic variability among the progenies was observed for Fe, Zn seed yield and other component traits. Significant and positive correlation was observed between Fe and Zn. Seed yield was significantly correlated positively with plant height, capsule no/plant and 1000 seed wt.

Rapid Biodiversity Survey of Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary (3000 - 4200m) records an occurrence of 151 floral species, of which, population assessment of 71 species was done. There were only three trees species recorded from the sub-alpine area of the sanctuary, namely Abies densa, Acer pectinatum and Betula utilis out of which Acer pectinatum and Betula utilis were found rare in the area.

The present study was conducted with sixty three diverse genotypes of rice (Oryza sativa L.) at Main Rice Research Station (MRRS), Nawagam, Gujarat during kharif season of 2011 to assess the relationship and selection index among yield and yield attributing characters. Total six characters were used for construction of selection indices i.e. Grain yield per plant, plant height, panicle length, number of productive tillers per plant, 1000 grain weight and harvest index.

The present investigation was aimed at evaluating the ethanol extract of leaves of Leucas aspera has been found to possess antibacterial activity and Anti-inflammatory Activity, Cyclooxygenase (COX), also called Prostaglandin H Synthase or (PGHS) is a bifunctional enzyme exhibiting both cyclooxygenase and peroxidase activities. COX-2 products are responsible for modulating dynamic processes such as inflammation. COX-2 is the true molecular target for developing anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents.

The present study was undertaken to analyse the quality of compost and vermicompost produced by the action of epigeic earthworm, E.eugeniae out of different organic wastes such as Lawn Grass Waste (LGW), Cotton Residue Waste (CRW), Ashoka Tree Waste (ATW), Parthenium Waste (PW) and Cattle Manure (CM) as standard food for earthworms. The physico-chemical parameters of both compost and vermicompost have been analysed by standard specified methods so as to check the role of the earthworm, E. eugeniae in biodegradation of different organic wastes and recycling of plant nutrients.

The two bamboo species namely Dendrocalamus stocksii Roxb. And Munrochloa ritchiei are reported as endemic to Western Ghats. The occurrence of both the species have been reported vaguely in Maharashtra, India. The places of occurrence with detailed geographical and GPS locations are provided. This is reported first time with details for both the species in Northern Western Ghats (Sahyadri).

Histological examination of rat testis treated with RNase A and drug metosartan by staining with eosin Y has proven to be one of the challenging things because it reveals the exact histology associated with it. Treatment of testis with RNase has resulted in necrosis of tissue, where as with metosartan, leydig and sertoli cells are wiped off. However treatment of tissue with both RNase and drug has resulted in inter linkage of sperms and loss of clear demarcation as cells when observed under compound microscope.

Gracilaria corticata, a red seaweed collected from Surathkal beach, Karnataka India was studied for the estimation of Carbon, Hydrogen and Nitrogen using CHN analyzer whose percentage was found to be 36 ±0.64%, 6.47 ±0.09% and 4.99± 0.055 respectively. The mineral content Na and K of G.corticata was found to be12.84mg and 5.34mg respectively. The values of elements such as Zn, Fe, Cu, Cr, Pb and Ni were determined spectrometer and their concentration was found to be 12.06±0.004, 4.88±0.15, 4.77 ±0.01, 6.69±0.002, 0.193±0.001 and 0.088±0.004 in ppm respectively.

Azolla anabaena azollae is a symbiotic association between the aquatic fern Azolla and nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria anabaena azollae, by the exchange of carbon and nitrogen between them. The nitrogen fixed by the cyanobacterium is converted into ammonium and is transported via ammonium transporters. AMT1family of ammonium transporters are high affinity transporters hence are quick to respond under very low levels of nitrogen supply.AMT1 will be the best AMT to be studied under nitrogen limiting growth conditions.

A study was conducted during the period from August, 2015 to April, 2016 to survey the occurrence of viral diseases in chicken in and around Shillong, Meghalaya, to study the pathology and finally to diagnose them by using common molecular techniques. A total of 370 dead and sick birds were collected from different organized and unorganized poultry farms in and around Shillong, Meghalaya. Of these, 109 cases (i.e. 29.46%) were diagnosed as viral diseases.

Acacia torta stem bark extracts are a focus of study in ethno pharmacology due to its reported antimicrobial activity against a wide range of pathogenic microbes. In this study, ethanolic extract (80%) of Acacia torta leaf extracts were studied for in vitro antimicrobial activity against two gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis), two gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa), two fungal strains (Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger) by agar well diffusion method.

This research studies biotransformation of chromium (Cr) in the tanneries sewage, combining phytoremediation (with zizanioides) ad later Earthworm composting (with Eisenia foetida) from Vetiver roots with Cr content. The study started by the implementation of phytoremediation in subsurface flow wetland where tanneries sewage flows and it was possible to absorb an initial concentration of 3818mg. kg-1 of CR in the sewage to 3735 mg. kg-1of Cr in the Vetiver roots.

This work investigates the effect of different chloride-based deicers (NaCl, MgCl2, CaCl2, and calcium magnesium chloride (CMC)) on mobilization of lead in saturated soil. Batch experiments were carried out on lead contaminated bentonite at room and refrigerated temperature. The results showed that NaCl and CMC have the least impact on mobilization of lead. The highest mobilization was found by CaCl2 application. The first order desorption coefficient (kt) was calculated for all deicers types based on 48 hr batch experiments. CaCl2 was found to exhibit the highest kt value (0.4 hr-1).

This paper depicts the removal of fluorine from drinking water accomplished by different adsorbents and techniques. In the human system this fluoride has a dual personality, a destructive effect (greater than 1.5 ppm – dental & skeletal fluorosis) and a beneficial effect (upto1.0ppm – carries prevention and health promotion). WHO (World Health organization) recommends that maximum fluorine content in drinking water should be up to 1.5 ppm in India. Large population in India suffers from dental and skeletal flourosis due to high fluoride concentration.

This publication follows, recent works (Conte M., Rosca et al., 2017) on the correlations between the consequences of the relationship of Newton and the black body surfaces emittances of the objects. The consideration of these photonic energy irradiated by the surfaces in space suggests the presence of mini black holes at the zero resulting potential between two masses in quantum gravity EVTD2.

the complexity of an image tells many aspects of the image content and is an important factor in the selection of source material for testing various image processing methods. Databases of pictures or videos explained with subjective evaluations constitute basic ground truth for preparing, testing, what's more, benchmarking calculations for target quality appraisal. We propose a few criteria for quantitative correlations of source substance, test conditions, and subjective evaluations, which are utilized as the reason for the resulting investigations and dialog.

The termiticidal properties of acetone, ethanol and aqueous extract of African locust beans (P. biglobosa) seed were investigated on Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae and Termitidae. Mineral compositions of the raw and boiled seeds were evaluated and heavy metals such as cadmium, cobalt, lead, nickel and copper were only detected in raw seeds, which show that heavy metals were leached out of the seeds during boiling process. Extracts from the raw seeds exhibited varying degree of termiticidal activity, while extracts from the boiled seed had no effect on the termites.

This article presents the automatic text summarizer PragmaSUM, which is independent from the language and knowledge domain of the source text, based on the Cassiopeia algorithm, which uses Luhn’s distribution and Zipf’s Law to select words in the text used for classifying sentences and generating the summary. A corpus is created for tests in Portuguese, composed of scientific articles from 10 different knowledge domains, for evaluating summaries generated by BLMSumm, GistSumm and PragmaSUM summarizers.

The noise levels are increasing beyond the permissible limits at many cities due to rapid urbanization and its related activities. Increased noise levels beyond limits result in reduced work efficiency, loss of hearing, annoyance, psychological impacts. Increased traffic in all the cities is becoming the major source of noise pollution. The ambient and traffic noise levels are studied in and around Vijayawada. Sampling is done for 10 hrs from 7am-9am, 10 am-12 noon, 1pm-3 pm, 4pm-6 pm, 7 pm-9 pm.

Laser is an acronym which stands for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. It is widely used in medicine, agriculture, military, security, laboratories and research activities. From different types of lasers; gas laser is commonly used of which nitrogen laser is emerging. Nitrogen molecules are the most abundant molecules in the earth's atmosphere, constituting 78.08%. Electron collisions with molecular nitrogen continue to receive interest due to their importance in gaseous discharge processes, such as those involved in nitrogen lasers.

The quality of performance and the impact of an organization very much depend on the nature of its personnel (Saarni, C., 2000). It is increasingly being accepted in elite circles that the success of that organization hinges on the level of Emotional Intelligence possessed by its activists. (Rani, Usha., D.P.J.Reddy., & M.V.S.Reddy.(2004), Parker, J.D.D., (2010) and Palmer, F., Donaldson and Stough, (2002).

The aim of this study is to compare the basic motoric characteristics of children aged between 6 and12 after 24 weeks of educational games. 430 students who study in the 1st stage of primary education voluntarily participated in the study by attending to the study 6 hours a week regularly. Features such as balance, vertical jump, flexibility, reaction time and claw force are measured which are among the basic motoric characteristics that are chosen by physical measurements from the volunteers participating in the study.

The objective of the study is to examine the internal and external factors influencing the consumer buying behavior in the washing machine segment of FMCD sector. This study covered the area of Cuttack and Bhubaneswar selecting about 200 respondents from different retail malls/retail outlets of the electronic products. All the respondents replied to the questionnaire given to them completely.

Leraning by Doing a research project aimed at identifying the impact of approaches based on learning in an online training program. A questionnaire, operationalizing four learning modes and the implementation of those methods, was used to solicit responses from teachers in different teaching frames 3 times during the study. The modes explored some learning models such as: independent learning, instrumental learning, interactive learning, and collaborative learning. The results point a significant change in teacher's abilities and teaching skills during the program and 6 months after it.

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship established between parental involvement in children schooling and children’s academic achievement at alternative basic education and regular primary first cycle schools in Hamer Woreda. This study also investigated differences on the degree of involvement of parents and academic achievement of children in ABE and RPFC schools. To this end, parental involvement having two categories (high and low) was made based on the response of parents using the measure of parental involvement.

Both the Supreme Court & High Courts are courts of record. As courts of record they are endowed with the inherent power to punish for contempt of itself or other subordinate courts. The said power to punish contempt is a special jurisdiction which is inherent in a court of record & the same cannot be curtailed, controlled or restricted by any other statute.

Tragedy deals with the serious aspects of life as comedy deals with the cheerful and lighter mood. It is essentially a tale of suffering ending in death (Tragic end) of the main characters of the play according to Aristotle. Tragedy is the representation of an action, which is serious complete in itself, and of a certain length. It is expressed in speech made beautiful in different ways in different parts of the play; it is acted not narrated; and by exciting pity and fear gives a healthy relief to such emotions”.

The evolution of terms of trade in agriculture has been widely discussed in the research agenda, nonetheless, there is no observable unique path in the agriculture sector. This research addresses the evolution of coffee´s terms of trade in traditional coffee growing Costa Rica and Columbia by comparing coffee export prices and crude oil import prices during a 10-year span. Terms of trade are estimated and analyzed.

Mass movement is a major problem in mountainous regions of India. Mass movements cause road blockage, causality and property loss which affects the economic development of that region. The use of Remote Sensing and Geographical Informatics System (GIS) can be highly useful for prediction of mass movement in vulnerable regions and it is also time and cost effective. This information can be used by natural hazard planners and decision makers for proper management of mass movement related hazards.

Natural resource conservation draws the attention of many development oriented organizations as the problem extended to the available and most productive lands since its implication in food production is adverse. In this context, the adoption of Sustainable Land Management practices is quite crucial to increase agricultural productivity, ensure food security and improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in many parts of the world, especially in developing nations, including Ethiopia.

Time is running out, as the Keeling curve measuring carbon dioxide continues its relentless rise (Earth CO2). We stand now close to 410ppm CO2:s. The upcoming COP23 in Bonn, sponsored by Fiji, must outline how its COP21 objectives are to be promoted, fulfilled and implemented. Only a massive replacement of fossil fuels and wood coal by solar power, together with wind power and atomic power, can save mankind from the threat of global warming.

In the last few years, progress in the biomedical evaluation of athletes has caused scientists to consider numerous factors that can be modified by intense physical activity, and at the same time influence in an important way the sportsmen's power output. An increasing emphasis has been placed on the role of macro and trace metals in human health and disease.

In recent times extreme rainfall events as cloudbursts are dominant phenomenon trigger large scale mass movement and flash floods in the Himalayan region. Cloudburst is a natural and common phenomenon in the Himalaya, especially in Garhwal and Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. Cloudburst and associated disaster affect thousands of people every year and cause loss of life, property, livelihood, infrastructure and environment. Slope failure incidences took place at many places in Pithoragarh district on 1st July 2016 amid heavy rainfall.

Hindu scriptures say that every human being is born into five important debts that are Deva Rin, Rishi Rin, PitraRin, NriRin, BhutaRin and one has to repay these Karmic Debts to follow the path of DHARM in their lifetime. The thoughts of Vedic literature are important and worthy for corporate sector and businessman in the modern context on the subject of ethics and social responsibility, because they tell us that CSR is not a charity and philanthropy but our Duty/Dharma to follow. The debt theory cautions the corporate that they need to be indebted in their life time.

Background: Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases among children, which has a high prevalence in Saudi Arabia. The assessment of knowledge about asthma among schoolteachers is important to provide early diagnosis for students who suspected to have bronchial asthma. Objectives: To assess the knowledge of teachers working at primary schools about bronchial asthma among school students. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random representative sample of primary school teachers in Sabya city, Saudi Arabia.

This study was aimed at isolating and molecularly characterizing Staphylococcus aureus exhibiting methicillin and vancomycin-resistance traits from clinical and community samples in Abakaliki, South Eastern Nigeria. Exactly 303 clinical samples from wounds, pus, urine, HVS (high vaginal swab), ear swabs, sputum and semen of hospital patients; and 406 community samples (nasal and ear swabs) were obtained for this study. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) isolates were detected using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method.

Objective of the study: The purpose of study is to compare the effects of strengthening the quadriceps combined with strengthening of hip muscles (hamstring, adductors, abductors, extensors) in unilateral OA knee. To compare the gender difference in the rehabilitation protocol of OA knee. Background of the study: Quadriceps weakness is one of the most common and disabling impairments seen in individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Sufficient quadriceps and hip muscles strengthening in both isometric and dynamic strengthening are essential for undertaking basic activities of daily living.

We aimed to present a 24 years old male patient that had similarities with intracranial hypotension accompanied headache, syncope attacks, persistent and prolonged hypotension (both ortostatic and supine position) after spinal anesthesia for varicosele operation, relieved by epidural blood patch on twentieth day. The cerebrospinal fluid leakage has to be kept in mind after prolonged, persistent hypotension with headache and syncope attacks.

Introduction: Gingival Probing to assess gingivitis during routine periodontal examination will induce bleeding from the gingival sulcus which can be used to determine the blood glucose level. Objective: To assess gingival crevicular blood glucose levels from inflamed site and non-inflamed periodontal sites and compare it with venous blood glucose and capillary blood glucose levels to check its usefulness as a diagnostic tool.

Background: Off late there have been a gradual decline in instrumental delivery and a rise in cesarean births. This may reflect a perception of the practitioner that caesarean section has less morbidity. However this has not been supported by evidence. Instrumental delivery could potentially reduce not only the risks associated with caesarean delivery but reduce the cost of obstetric care. Aims and Objectives: The present study was aimed at to compare short term maternal and neonatal outcome of operative vaginal delivery and spontaneous vaginal delivery.

Background: Acute pancreatitis refers to an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas with a variable clinical course. It is a serious disease with high morbidity and mortality rates. So early identification of clinically severe acute pancreatitis (AP) is critical for the triage and treatment of patients. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of various scoring systems for predicting the severity of AP on admission.

Chyle is a mixture of lymph from interstitial fluid and emulsified fat from intestinal lacteals. A substantial drainage of chyle can result in severe nutritional, metabolic, hemodynamic and immunologic derangement. Hence, this article is an attempt to overview the details of: (1) Anatomy of the lymphatic duct; (2) Diagnosis of the chyleleak; and (3) Management of the chyle leakage to prevent the possible complications.

Aim of the study: The purpose of the study is to assess the awareness of applications of lasers in dentistry among dental undergraduate students. Materials and Methods: This is a subjective questionnaire study including 100 dental undergraduate students of Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad. A questionnaire of 10 closed ended questions pertaining to awareness of lasers in dental undergraduate students will be given and data obtained will be analysed. Results: Most of the respondents (72%) did not have enough knowledge about dental lasers.

Aim: To evaluate the hemodynamics of portal vein in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with help of Doppler sonography. Materials and Methods: In a prospective case-control study carried out in the Department of Radio-diagnosis SSG hospital, Vadodara between April 2016 to November 2016 on an outpatient basis, 100 subjects with previous 4-6 hours of fasting were assessed by senior radiologists with many years of experience in the field of abdominal sonography and Doppler on a Mylab-40 ultrasound machineusing a low frequency, 3-5 MHz convex transducer.

Background: labour is a physiological and emotional process for which a woman needs to be accompanied by someone she trusts. Objectives: To assess pregnant women’s views regarding the importance of social support during labour and their preferences of companions at OMH 2015 Methods: A descriptive, hospital-based, cross-sectional study conducted at OMH during 2015. All pregnant women attending antenatal care clinics who were booked for vaginal delivery were included in the study after an informed consent.

The researchers took initiative to know about the knowledge and service satisfaction about the health services provided by Bishop Benziger Community Health Centre. Objectives: To assess the knowledge regarding Community Health Services provided by Bishop Benziger Community Health Centre, Pallithottam; To assess the service satisfaction about the health services provided by Bishop Benziger Community Health Centre, To determine the association between knowledge about Community Health Services provided by Bishop Benziger Community Health Centre and selected socio demographic variables.

Introduction: Emergency Medicine EM is experiencing significant growth in graduate medical education. In undergraduate programs emergency medicine-related competencies in medical school curricula may lack uniformity and standardization. In developing countries like Sudan, teaching EM faces many challenges including lack of standardized curricula, well designed learning methods and scarcity of faculty with EM background. Introduction of boot camp training during career transition period may enhance trainees’ clinical skills, knowledge, and confidence.

Consumption of Rohu fish (Labeorohita) is very common in India especially in North East parts, in North Bihar. People have belief that eating of gallbladder of raw Rohu fish helps in cure of joint pain, asthma and also blood sugar. But this may cause, renal failure, liver failure or multiorgan dysfunction and this misconception may cost their lives.

Introduction: India has recorded a death rate of 7.3 / 1000 individuals in the year 2016. From the multicentric study done on 5,478 ITU admissions, mortality was 59% of which 25% of patient in SIRS with organ dysfunction of which 52.77% were due to sepsis. With such high prevalence, it becomes important to point our focus on early and aggressive measures to reverse sepsis. In a country like India, decision on type and extent of intervention is greatly affected by the financial aspect. Hence, it is important to prognosticate the patient early in order to make treatment decisions.

Radicular cyst associated with primary teeth is a rare condition. This report presents a case of radicular cyst associated with primary tooth which had deep carious lesion involving the pulp and untreated for long duration. The treatment of the cystic lesion consisted of extraction of the involved tooth and enucleation of the cyst.

Background: An epidermal inclusion cyst refers to a cyst that results from the proliferation and implantation of epidermal elements within a circumscribed space in the dermis. Such cysts can occur anywhere in the body, although they are more common in head and neck region, trunk and extremities. The occurrence of EIC in breast is very rare. Case: We report a case of large sized epidermal inclusion cyst of breast mimicking fibroadenoma in a 30 years old female. Result: This was diagnosed as EIC on FNAC and confirmed on histopathology.

Background: The increased use of high energy radiations for diagnostic purposes is linked to many benefits and oncological risks among children. Parents and clinicians are the ones who primarily decide the treatment regimen for the pediatric patients. Because of unawareness, the parents insist the clinicians order radio imaging leading to unnecessary exposure of children to high energy radiations. The study was conducted as there is a paucity of information regarding parental awareness on the exposure of children to high energy radiations.

Aims and Objectives: Based on the radiographic evaluation of the pulp cavity width of the maxillary central incisors the age of the patients belonging to the age group of 15 – 50 years was estimated, those attending the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Patna dental college and hospital, patna-4, based. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 240 subjects.

Introduction: The importance of saliva for oral health is well known. Diabetes mellitus affects the salivary gland functioning and thus alters the salivary constituents. For many years the question of the presence of glucose in saliva has been a subject of debate and only few people found correlation between serum glucose and salivary glucose in diabetics. Hence, the purpose of this study was to estimate and correlate salivary glucose concentration and serum glucose concentration in diabetics and healthy controls.

Background: Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis in humans, and knee OA is a major cause of chronic disability. There are no treatments that change the natural course of OA. Aims: To study age wise and gender wise prevalence of varus-valgus deformity in patients with osteoarthritis of knee. Method & Materials: Ethical clearance from IEC was obtained. In this retrospective study, 214 radiographs of subjects in the age range of 50-65years, both genders without history fracture or other severe arthritic condition were assessed on the PACS software.

Introduction: Despitetheincreasingknowledgeabout acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the outcome for patients over 40 years of age is not good since they are generally too vulnerable to the toxicity caused by the chemotherapeutic protocols of the “pediatric type”. This group of patients usually tolerates less intensive protocols, but efficacy is diminished in terms of Survival Free of Leukemia.

Use of ICT is changing the way health services are delivered. It also has tremendous role to play in strengthening management and monitoring of health services. Rajasthan is India’s geographically largest state and the state lags the country on most of the socio-economic & health related indicators. One of the key challenge faced in terms of ensuring proper functioning of health facilities was lack of proper monitoring and supportive supervision mechanism.

Epigenetics is the study of the mitotically and meiotically heritable changes in the gene function that cannot be explained by changes in the DNA sequence. Epigenetics means "above" or "on top of" genetics. It means the external change or tempering of the DNA that turn genes "on" or "off." These modifications are brought on by several external or environmental factors like diet, stress, smoking, infections etc. They do not change the DNA sequence, but instead, they affect how cells "read" genes. As the quote by Dr Oz goes "Your genetics load the gun.

Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is an in heritedneurometabolic disease caused by deficiency of enzyme arylsulfatase A resulting in deficiency of sulfatide degradation. The responsible gene is arylsulfatase A(ARSA) gene.

Ertapenem is beta-lactam-type antibiotic with an exceptionally broad spectrum of activity, demonstrating broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against many Gram-positive and -negative aerobes and anaerobes and is resistant to nearly all beta-lactamases. Ertapenem mixed with lidocaine can be administered intramuscularly, of great value as an outpatient antimicrobial therapy. However, the stability of this mixture has never been studied over time.

It is seen that while treating fractures surgically using plating one of the challenge is to measure exact screw size to fix the fracture. Various modalities are being practiced like use of depth gauge, (Williams and Roaf, 1973) fluoroscopic guidance and clinical experience. Our study shows that among all methods used, there is one more method that we are using since 3 years (2014—2017) has much more reliability and also no need of any external appliance to depend upon. The method named by us as drill bit method proved to be very much reliable in assesessing exact screw length.

Tibia fracture constitutes one of major orthopedic burden. Among all tibia fractures closed fractures constitutes more than >50% cases. The study is done to assess the results of treatment of tibia fracture without c-arm radiation exposure. The idea is to overcome the slowly eroding disease of DEPENDENCY ON C-ARM. Methods: The study involves prospective analysis of 136 patients with 150 tibia fractures with age between 18 to 60 treated between May 2016 to may 2017.

Molars and premolars are the most helpless teeth to caries assault. The high helplessness of these teeth to caries is straightforwardly identified with morphology of their occlusal surface that counteracts both concoction cleaning by salivation and mechanical cleaning by toothbrush. Pit and fissure are in this manner the most inclined ranges to caries and need extraordinary assurance to counteract carious sores. Fluoride is the main substance component utilized for caries anticipation.

The rationale of pediatric endodontics is to preserve a primary tooth in the arch till its permanent counterpart replaces it. A thorough knowledge of the internal anatomy of primary teeth is essential for complete debridement and efficacious endodontic treatment of these teeth. Undetected or missed root canals can leave dormant bacteria in the root canal, thus hampering the success of pulpectomy. Very few studies in literature describe the comprehensive anatomy of primary maxillary central incisors.

Background: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard for treatment of benign Gall Bladder disease. Laparoscopy provides many benefits over conventional open procedures including faster recovery time, shorter hospital stay, less pain, and in some cases, fewer complications. Post Operative pain management has an important role in preventing the postoperative morbidity and its consequences.

This is the first ever-detailed study of tongue diseases in Kashmir population, where the tongue conditions found in 80 patients (9.2%) of 865 consecutive patients screened. Both sexes were affected almost equally and only 6 patients were aware of their tongue disease. 10 patients had one or more systemic illness, 8 of them was on regular medications.

The purpose of the study is to follow the caries development for a two year period and to evaluate the dental sealants as a successful option in the treatment of occlusive cavities. Materials and Methods: Our study is experimental and is conducted on children 6-11 year old. We included 144 children, where 72 of them were the group of treatment with sealants and 72 were treated with composite. The caries lesions were checked with radiography every six months for a two year period.

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) can be suspected when there is decreased haemoglobin level for age and sex; microcytic hypochromic erythrocyte morphology and reduced red cell indices ie., PCV, MCV, MCH & MCHC. Confirmation is done by biochemical tests such as serum ferritin, serum iron, percentage saturation of transferrin and serum total iron binding capacity. Serum ferritin is the single best laboratory test for the diagnosis of iron deficiency. A low serum ferritin (<15ug/L), in addition to a low hemoglobin or hematocrit, confirms the diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia.

Epidermoid cysts are among the rare benign tumors contributing to only 0.3% to 1.8% of all intracranial tumors. This tumour is located most commonly in the region of cerebellopontine angle cistern, the parasellar region, and diploic space being the rarest location. In this case report of a4yr old female child who had history of epidermal cyst located in left parietal bone for which she was operated twice and recurrence of the cyst occurred again with sinus tract formation between two layer of the skull.

A study was performed on nutrient foramen of metacarpal bones; it included a total of 161 bones of unknown sex and age. The objective was to examine the topography and morphology of nutrient foramen. Nutrient foramen were identified macroscopically and with the help of magnifying glass. It’s location in relation to the surface of the bone was examined. The total length of the bone and distance of foramen from the base of metacarpal bone was measured for calculation of foramen index.

Dental plaque is a structurally- and functionally-organized biofilm that is formed in an ordered way and has a diverse microbial composition that, in health, remains relatively stable over time (microbial homeostasis). The predominant species from diseased sites are different from those found in healthy sites, although the putative pathogens can often be detected in low numbers at normal sites.

A major area of concern for rehabilitating a patient with a distal extension removable partial denture lies with unequal distribution of forces acting on both the teeth and the tissues. Implant placed at the end of the distal extension removable partial denture has been reviewed in past as one of the successful as well as convenient treatment modalities for solving such problems.

Objectives: The primary objective of our study is to evaluate the effect of Hemi Body Irradiation and Focal Radiotherapy with Zoledronate on pain management in patients with extensive bone metastases after completion of definitive treatment. The secondary objective is to evaluate the toxicities and Skeletal Related Events eg. fracture. Material and Methods: We have analyzed the difference in pain reduction comparing two groups of patients in a prospective non randomised study .

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of Cacao bean husk extract mouthrinse with the addition of xylitol, with chlorhexidine mouthrinse as antiplaque agents in children. Forty children between 8-12 years of age were chosen from a residential school and randomly allocated into two groups. Group A was given 0.1% Cacao Bean Husk Extract Mouthrinse to be used twice daily for 1 month while Group B was given 0.12% Chlorhexidine Mouthrinse to be used twice daily for 1 month.

Clothing has always played a central role in the evolution of human culture by being at the forefront of both technological and artistic developments. A mosquito repellent helps prevent and control the outbreak of mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue fever. Most plants contain compounds that they use in preventing attack from phytophagous insects. Thus, special products like mosquito repellents for combating mosquitoes are required.

Traditional medicine and ethnobotanical information play an important role in scientific research, particularly when the literature and field work data have been properly evaluated. An ethnobotanical survey was conducted to document the ethnodermatological plants which are used by the Paliyar Tribes in Puliangudi forest area, Sivakiri Taluk, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu Southern India. In the present study, 32 species of angiosperm plants and 22 families which are being potentially used by the tribals are documented.

Background: Acute appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency and remains challenging diagnosis inspite of imaging techniques and acute inflammatory markers (TLC, Neutrophils). Aims: The aim of the study is to prove the significance of inflammatory markers (TLC and Neutrophil Count) and correlation with histopathology in diagnosing acute appendicitis. Secondly to interpret how these investigations can be used effectively to improve the diagnosis, decision making and hence reduce negative appendicectomies.

Many chemicals present in the environment have the potential to intervene the endocrine system of the inhabitant organisms causing alterations in their physiology and behavior. In the present study, we made an attempt to compare and evaluate the effects of long-term (75 days) exposure to different environmental estrogenic chemicals (EECs) individually and in combinations on the morphological (body size and mass, pigmentation) and behavioral (feeding activity and sensitivity) aspects of adult zebrafish in the laboratory.

Parkinson's disease is related to the aggregation of α-synuclein but the effect of single-point mutations (A53T, E46K and A30P) on the early events of aggregation remains elusive. The effect of structural heterogeneity of α-synuclein mutants in promoting the dimerization is critical. From the conformational dynamics of monomers of α-synuclein (WT and mutants), we noticed mutants to display beta structures and more intra-molecular contacts. We also studied inter-molecular interactions promoting the dimerization.

Tuberculosis is one of the most common diseases in India and has attained epidemic proportions. With 3.4 million cases, India carries more than 20% of the world’s TB burden. However TB is not just a public health problem but also a socioeconomic challenge. Rifampicin is an antituberculosis drug effectively cures tuberculosis unfortunately liver get damage. The present study was undertaken to scientifically prove the traditional use of the plant, Caralluma attenuata aqueous extract against liver disorders.

Fruits make important diet for human beings. The high concentration of various sugars, minerals, vitamins and amino acids also provide a good platform for the successful growth and survival of various parasitic and saprophytic forms of fungi. Fruits are highly perishable and maintain an active metabolism during the storage phase. During post harvest period diseases can affect the quality of fruits. Post harvest deterioration of fruits may take place in any stages.

Fungal spores can cause a range of health problems in humans such as respiratory diseases and mycotoxicoses. In order to estimate air contamination by fungal spores, air monitoring was conducted in some houses which were air conditioned. Sedimentation plate method was used for the detection of viable fungal spores. In this study, 10 species were trapped, isolated and identified. From five houses total ten fungal colonies were observed and identified and the rest which are not identified were kept as unidentified fungi.

In this study an experiment is conducted to determine the properties of M40 concrete such as compressive strength, split tensile strength etc. after which a chemical called aluminium powder is introduced to enhance these properties. This powder is used in different percentages in the concrete. Khangar, a coarse aggregate is also used in making of concrete. Impact test is performed to determine the exact percentage of khangar to be used. Casting of cubes and cylinders of the concrete with Aluminium powder and Khangar individually is performed to determine the above mentioned properties.

In this paper we presented an analysis of Lagrange and Hamilton formulas. with Three Almost Complex Structures. We have reached important results in differential geometry that can be applied in theoretical physics.

The main objective of this work is to analyse the situation and behavior of M30 grade concrete with proportion 1:1.6:2.6 with 0.45 w/c. Here cement is partially replaced by 5%, 10%, 15% of alccofine by weight of cement also addition of coir fibre in percentage of 0.5%, 1%, 1.5% by weight of cement is used to produce M30 grade concrete. Aspect ratio (l/d) of coir fibre used is 125. Compression strength test, flexural strength test and split tensile strength tests are conducted according to guidelines of BIS. The tests were compared with the normal concrete.

Tachibana (1967) have studied on the Bochner Curvature tensor. Singh (1971-72) studied on Kaehlerian recurrent and Ricci-recurrent space of second order. Negi and Rawat (1999) studied some bi-recurrent and bi-symmetric properties in a Kaehlerian space. Further, Rawat, Kumar and Uniyal (2012) studied some bi-recurrent and bi-symmetric properties in hyperbolically Kaehlerian space. In the present paper, we have been studied Hyperbolically Sasakian recurrent and symmetric space of second order. Several theorems also have been established and proved therein.

In order to obtain the optimization of a given experiment, we need to carry out a triage, using either full or fractional factorial planning. These are statistical procedures that seek to minimize the work required. This eliminates the variables called factors, which are not significant in the experiment. Factorial planning basically consists of carrying out a survey of the factors of the proposed experiment and evaluating the effects they exert on each other and on the final result.

Stock market process is fully uncertainty affected by many factor so that's anyone cannot predict stock market future to solve this problem construct the model which is gather all information from historical data, analyze data according stock that predict stock market future hence stock market prediction is important extraction in finance and business. Examines the theory and practice of real time analysis techniques for prediction of stock price trend by using a transformed data set in ordinal data format.

Water of good quality is essential to human life and water of acceptable quality is essential for agricultural, industrial, domestic and commercial uses. Industries produces large amount of wastewater which is needs to be treated before dispose of. The presence of Phosphate in aquatic environment has a direct threat on public health.Wastewater contains phosphate which causes eutrofication. Adsorption is the process of accumulating substances that are in solution on a suitable surface.

In addition to oxidative stress, several other mechanistic factors are involved with aging, namely, electron transfer, reactive oxygen species, and reactive nitrogen species. Evidence for beneficial effects of antioxidants provides support for the deleterious role of oxidative stress. Certain organs are importantly involved, such as heart, brain (Alzheimer’s disease, dementia and Parkinson’s disease), mitochondria, lung and prostate. Cancer is a significant contributing factor. Other aspects addressed are stem cells, protein oxidation, and telomeres.

This papers present a floor layout optimization system with Genetic algorithms. Efficient market floor layour management is required for better customes satisfaction and increased visibility of the product. It can be achieved through propoer allocation of the shelves on shop floor. The paper also compares the results for layout optimization for different sizes with the on varying population size.

Participation of women in the managerial position of public primary school has been reported to be low. Participation of women in administrative position may give women direct access to decision making and provide substantive role model for female students/pupils. It opens up a world of opportunities to women especially in this era of equal representation of gender. The Study adopted a naturalistic and survey design; it targets the Head teachers, teachers, school management committees and sponsors in the district.

As the field of sustainable design grows and matures, the relevance of acoustics in architecture is paramount, generally subjected to attributes of human comfort and sustainability. With the general faith being instated into the saying, “Quality is more important than Quantity of any built space”, noise abatement is the major issues of sustainable design of built environment focussing the same; because one of the criteria for establishment of indoor and outdoor spaces of good quality is the abatement of noise pollution.

Green building contract varies from traditional building contract in various perspectives. This paper aims to show the most important contractual suggestions to be considered by the owner to achieve its goal, that include: achievement of Green Certification, determination of pre-contracting requirements, avoidance of warranty limits provided by traditional constructions legislations, assignment of advisor, contracting with Experts.

The external energy supply to the sun is overwhelmingly obvious even before space probes (Voyagers and IBEX) have detected it. The sunspot cycle, the surface temperature, the reverse temperature gradient and the existence of the corona in itself, are some of the outstanding evidence that point to the external energy supply that our star receives. In fact, all the basic features of the Sun are in complete disagreements (or in direct contradictions) with the concepts of the Standard Solar Model (SSM).

Hydrocephalus (HCP) is a congenital or acquired health condition that affects a little over 1 in 1000 births in the United States and is one of the most common "birth defects," afflicting more than 10,000 babies globally each year. A student with this health condition falls under the Other Health Impaired disability category of Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The (IDEA) is a law passed to provide education to children with disabilities around the country. Students with this disorder benefit from rehabilitation therapy and educational programs.

This paper is an attempt to explore the significance of tourism economy for the development of India. Tourism is the integral part of Indian culture and tradition. Tourism industry is the vigorous triennial action and a multibillion industry in India. The potential and performance of Indian tourism industry needs an indicator in terms of its economic magnitudes.

The performance evaluation of private sector mutual funds is carried out through risk-return analysis, Treyner’s ratio, Sharpe’s ratio & Jensen’s measures. The data used in the study is daily closing NAV’s for the period of 1st April 2014 to 31st March 2017. This paper consists of three private sponsored mutual funds schemes. The result of performance evaluation suggest that out of three schemes namely DSP black rock, Reliance focus large cap fund & Kotak select focus fund and among these KOTAK select focus fund is the best performer.

Coastal environment plays a vital role in a nation’s economy by virtue of their resources, productive habitats and rich biodiversity. The coastal belt is about 14km length from the Orissa border to Jaldha mouja, situated in the district of Purba Medinipur of West Bengal, India, and it is well known as Digha coast.

In present era our societies suffering with many processes like globalization, modernization, industrialization, urbanization, etc. all of these processes are co-related with each other. And all of these processes make many changes in societies some are positive, and some are negative. Positive changes called development, and negatives are social problems. Same Results find out in industrialization because of industries. We got much material culture, which makes our life so comfortable and easy but in another side, industry was a major factor of displacement, pollution, slums, etc.

The Campania Region is the second Italian, on a par with Tuscany and Veneto, by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

There are many major forms of tourism activities are prevailing in India. These are cultural tourism, rural tourism, ecotourism, adventure tourism, religious or pilgrimage tourism, beach tourism, MICE tourism etc. However, India could able to leave its footprint in one of the most specialized form of tourism, i. e. Medical Tourism. It is form of tourism commonly referring to the travel of people to another country for the purpose of obtaining medical treatment in that country. Today, India is one of the fastest growing medical tourism destinations in the world.

Polysaccharides produced by microorganisms are utilized for a variety of purposes, including the use in cosmetics and as food additives. More recently, polysaccharides have been exploited by the medical and pharmaceutical industries. The production and synthesis of these compounds is costly and time consuming. In the present work isolation of Aureobasidium pullulan was done from soil sample. The production of pullulan was done by using complex nitrogen medium with different concentration of soyabean oil.

Since the image of science presented in classrooms is by and large limited to textbooks, there is need for balanced representation of all aspects of science in these. The messages contained in a text influence how the users perceive the subject (primarily students but also teachers).A textbook, which emphasizes scientific facts, explanation of concepts and principles would probably “tell” the reader that science is a neatly organized body of knowledge. If the text contains questions and activities that require the user to solve, he / she may think of science as an investigative process.

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