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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

August 2017

Samples of ready to eat suya and suya spice ingredients obtained from suya sellers in five zones of Port Harcourt were examined to assess their bacterial burden. The mean colonial counts from the suya samples were: Diobu; 4.71 cfu/g, Rumuokuta; 4.53 cfu/g, Rumueme; 4.33 cfu/g, Rumuokoro; 4.87 cfu/g and Rumuola; 4.85 cfu/g; while the mean colonial counts from suya spiced ingredients were: Diobu 5.81 cfu/g, Rumokuta 5.29 cfu/g, Rumueme 5.32 cfu/g, Rumuokoro 5.78 cfu/g and Rumuola 5.81cfu/g.

Background: Thyroglossal ductal anomalies classically manifest as painless midline anterior neck swelling. Diagnosis is usually based on clinical presentation. Objective: The aim of present study is to review cases diagnosed with thyroglossal ductal anomalies and the subsequent approach to management. Methods: The medical records of patients diagnosed with thyroglossal duct cysts and fistula from January 2001 till June 2016 were retrospectively analysed. Results: A total of 43 patients were included of which 28 were males and 15 were females accounting for male to female ratio of 1.9:1.

Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common type of cancer in men and constitutes a major public health issue. This study examined the effect of a church-based intervention to promote informed decision making for prostate cancer screening among men attending Saint Mary’s Catholic Church, Enugu, Nigeria. A quasi-experimental one group pretest-posttest design was adopted for the study. The participants comprised of 50 men 40-70 years attending Saint Mary’s Catholic Church, Enugu. A researcher developed questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection pre and post intervention.

The Meigs' syndrome is defined as the presence of ascites & hydrothorax associated with a benign ovarian tumor mostly fibroma that disappears after the removal of the tumor. Joe Vincent Meigs (1892-1963), a professor of the Harvard Medical School of Gynecology drew attention to the syndrome (Lurie, 2000; Griffin, 1996). Meigs' syndrome is a strange clinical entity that is also considered to be an uncommon complication of fibroma of the female genital tract. The more frequently observed type of ovarian tumor is the fibroma.

A wide variety of functional/orthopaedic appliances are available for the correction of Class II skeletal and occlusal disharmonies. Twin block is a functional appliance described by Clark (1982) in United Kingdom. It is effective in correcting Class II malocclusion with a combination of skeletal (mainly restriction of maxillary growth) and dento-alveolar modifications which effectively modify occlusal inclined plane and induce favourably directed occlusal force by causing a mandibular displacement.

Primary pancreatic hydatid disease is rare. The diagnosis may be difficult when the presentation is that of an unexplained epigastric mass, despite suggestive of radiological and ultrasonic features. We describe a 32-year-old female in whom the definitive diagnosis was only made on histopathology.

Aims and Objective: The world today is witnessing epidemic of Diabetes Mellitus. It is a chronic disorder with multiorgan involvement. The aim of the present study 25(OH) Vitamin D3 as a causative factor in pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes Mellitus. Material and Methods: The present study was undertaken in the Department of General Medicine, RIMS, Ranchi. A total of 100 patients with Type 2 DM were included in the study and 40 controls were included.

Regenerative periodontal surgeries are performed to stimulate lost periodontal tissues that were affected by periodontal disease. Surgical procedures involving root conditioning, autografts, allografts, xenografts, non-bone graft materials and even barrier membranes for guided tissue regeneration (GTR) have been used successfully in regenerative procedures.

Aggressive periodontitis renders a great challenge to the conventional implant due to the risks of infection and ongoing marginal bone loss (MBL).The “All-on-Four” concept is based on the placement off our implants (two axial and two tilted implants) in the anterior part of fully edentulous jaws to support a provisional, fixed, and immediately loaded full-arch prosthesis. Little is available about this treatment modality in patient with aggressive periodontitis.

The COPD condition experience co-morbid symptoms of cardiovascular disease, diabetes meleitus, anemia, depression, anxiety, GERD, obstructive sleep apnoea, cachexia, muscle wasting and osteoporosis. Depression is the major co-morbidity in COPD and are associated with poor prognosis. The occurance of depression in a community have a strong relationship with low level of education, poor socio-economic condition and advance in age. COPD exacerbations have a negative impact on pulmonary functions, health related quality of life and patient survival.

Back ground: Nasal obstruction is one of the commonest annoying symptoms of Sepal deviation, this deviation is usually accompanied by compensatory hypertrophy of the inferior turbinate on the concave side which increase nasal obstruction. Objectives: To evaluate nasal obstruction after septoplasty by measure size of the inferior turbinate and Nasal Surgical Questionnaire (NSQ) score in patients with nasal septum deviation with compensatory turbinate hypertrophy. Patients & Methods: This is study of 50 patients, complaining mainly of nasal obstruction.

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of buccal fat pad as interpositioning material in surgical management of oral submucous fibrosis. Search strategy: Used Medline, Pubmed, Mesh. English literature articles and human trials were searched for. Selection criterias: Articles were selected which used Buccal Pad Fat after fibrotomy for management of oral submucous fibrosis. Non randomised single interventions and retrospective trials were selected.

Teratomas are germ cell- derived tumours occurring most commonly in the gonads. Mature cystic teratomas are also known as dermoid cysts, occur most commonly in the ovaries. A 36 year old para 2 live 2 female presented in SDMH OPD with lower abdominal pain. USG showed inhomogenous, almost solid mass in left adnexal region, with faint posterior shadowing of size about 7.7 x 3.2 x 4.2 cms. Laparascopic removal of the mass done along with left salpingtectomy. Histopathological examination revealed mature cystic teratoma of left fallopian tube.

Pumsavana Krama is one of important concept mentioned in ancient Ayurveda. It is preferably used to achieve the desirable child. Some of the theories postulated to determined the sex of embryo by our Ayurvedic Acharyas under the heading of Pumsavana Karma and general public is curious to know mystery of this concept. To determine sex of future offspring is an offence now a days because of many factors. The scientific review of this concept with modern embryology is felt.

Cancer results from deregulation of cellular pathways, leading to rapid multiplication of cells that trigger formation of new blood vessels (angiogenesis), which are required for tumour growth. A marker of angiogenesis thus can help in management of tumour. In this regard, serum nitric oxide was measured in breast cancer patients. Several tumour cell lines found to express enzyme NO synthase. In tissues with increased production of NO, reaction of nitrogen and oxygen (O2) leads to reactive nitrogen species like dinitrogen trioxide (N2O3) and peroxynitrite (ONOO).

Aim: To evaluate the amount of adherence Streptococcus mutans on polished denture surface after being polished by three different polishing agents. Materials and Methods: After polymerization and finishing the samples of heat activated polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base resin were mechanically polished with pumice, tripoli and aluminum oxide paste. The surface topography was evaluated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM).

Background: Neonates show presence of number of lesions which may be physiological or pathological. It is important to know the different lesions and their characteristics and their incidence Aim: Aim of the study was to identify the skin findings in neonatal life and epidemiological prevalence of various neonatal skin findings in tertiary care hospital in Mumbai, Method: A total of 300 neonates from post natal ward, PICU, NICU were included in the study over a period of 6 months after taking proper consent from parents.

Background and Objective: Hyperbilirubinemia is a disorder, which is manifested by yellow discoloration of tissue and skin of a neonate. Phototherapy is considered as the prime treatment for neonatal jaundice. Phototherapy is used as a treatment modality of neonatal jaundice for more than a century, and it is considered to be easily accessible and causes no harm. Even though conventional phototherapy is used as the method of treatment of hyperbilirubinemia, little is known about the ways to enhance its effect further.

The purpose of the paper was to review the ever growing threat of tobacco and its ill effects and the role of DHPs (Dental Health Professionals) in curbing this menace. Materials and Methods: Several publications and books were electronically searched in google using the keywords “Role of DHPs in tobacco cessation”, “Strategies to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality”, and “Dental office an ideal setting for tobacco cessation services”. The search was limited to articles and books in the English literature.

Introduction: Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk of deaths, resulting in around 2.8 million deaths of adults globally every year. Studies show also in India obesity and overweight are more common especially among women. Most of the women not aware about the co-morbid effects of these. Among various co-morbid condition hypertension also one of the condition developed due to obesity and overweight. Methods: Cross sectional survey design was used for this study. By using convenience sampling method 300 females were selected for the study.

Background: Perceived self-efficacy is defined as people's beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise influence over events that affect their lives. Self-efficacy beliefs determine how people feel, think, motivate themselves and behave. If students believe in their capabilities, they would use their maximal efforts in different situations. Self-efficacy is vital for nursing students and clinical nurses. Methodology: Cross sectional descriptive survey design was used.

This study was conducted on dogs to determine the best suturing technique from single layer inverting and double layer inverting suture techniques for cystotomy. Total 12 dogs were used and were divided in two Groups (A and B) placing six animals in each at random. In group-A the cystotomy incision was closed with single layer inverting suturing technique, while in group-B the bladder wound was closed with double layer inverting suturing technique in which a simple continuous pattern was followed by cushing suturing pattern.

Background and Objectives: There should a balance between the forces of the tongue from within the dental arches and compensating action of the lips and cheek musculature. Alterations in function of the facial muscle can establish changes in facial skeleton and in the development of malocclusion. The role of lips in determining the facial morphology and the tooth position has intrigued dental researchers for decades. Thus this prospective study was carried out to ultrasonographically measure the lip thickness in class II division 1 malocclusion cases and compare with class I subjects.

Background: Infection of the skin graft is the common complication leading to failure of the graft. Successful skin graft “TAKE” is less likely to occur on experimental or clinical wounds that contain more than 105 viable bacteria per gram of tissue. Skin graft infection with organisms forming biofilm puts a great financial burden on patients and could lead to morbidity and mortality. Appropriate pre and post operative wound care, adequate antibiotic therapy and surgical strategies must be described to eradicate infection. For the above reason this study was done.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB), which is one of the oldest diseases known to affect humans and is a major cause of death worldwide. Primarily considered to be a pulmonary disease, TB can affect almost any organ. The term “extrapulmonary TB” has been used to describe the isolated occurrence of TB at body sites other than the lung. Lymphadenitis is the most common extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis. . Over the last two to three decades, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has emerged as a simple out-patient diagnostic procedure for the evaluation of tuberculous lymphadenitis.

Background: Odontogenic infections are commonly encountered in the dental hospital. One of the oldest controversies in the field of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is whether or not to extract teeth immediately in the presence of acute infection. Many dentists and physicians still believe that extraction of teeth in the presence of an acute infection may cause the organism to seed into the fascial spaces and cause spread of infection in the host.

Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infection of the human caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus. Hydatid cyst of the head and neck region is uncommon and the involvement of salivary glands, especially the submandibular gland is very rare. We report a case of isolated hydatid cyst of left submandibular gland. An 11-year-old female presented with a slowly growing painless swelling of left submandibular region since 4 months. Fine needle aspiration cytology yielded fluid aspirate and smear showed fragment of laminated membrane, suggestive of HC.

Background: Body mass index (BMI) and triceps skinfold thickness thickness (SFT) are assessment tools for underweight, a major health problem in developing countries as well as emerging obesity and overweight. Objectives: To compare the use of BMI and SFT in determining the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity among primary school pupils in Abakaliki metropolis of Ebonyi State, South East Nigeria. Method: Eight hundred and four pupils (415 males, 389 females), aged 6-12 years, in four public and four private primary schools were selected by a multi stage random sampling.

Objective. To determine the frequency of cellular and humoral immune alterations and micronutrient deficiencies in severely malnourished patients and the relationship between these conditions. Methods. Prospective, cross-sectional, analytical study of 30 severely malnourished 3-month-old to 5-year-old patients with measurements of vitamins B12, A, and E; folate; Zn, Cu, Se, and Fe; lymphocyte subpopulations; immunoglobulins; complement, lymphoproliferation; and 13 pneumococcal anti-polysaccharide antibodies. Results.

Background: Nosocomial infections (NIs) constitute an important worldwide health problem with high morbidity and mortality rate as well as economic consequences. We aimed to determine incidence of nosocomial infection in surgical intensive care unit (SICU). Aims & Objectives: To find out incidence of nosocomial infection in surgical intensive care unit (SICU) at a large teaching hospital in North India. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted during a period of one year from 1st Oct 2013 to 30th Sep 2014 in SICU of SKIMS.

Study the sequence of microscopic changes taking place during development of kidney in human foetuses. Aborted fetuses were studied after measuring external parameter such as CRL. After undergoing tissue processing, microscopic structure of each kidney was observed after H&E staining. For analyzing various stages of development of glomeruli different groups were made and changes observed. During 12 to 14 weeks undifferentiated mesenchyme was seen increasing in amount from outer to inner hilar aspect. Transition zone appeared between cortex and medulla at 16-18 weeks.

Continuing dental education (CDE) programmes aim to improve knowledge, skills and ability of an individual to deliver the highest quality of service to the public and profession. The objective of this study was to assess self perceived importance of Indian dentists towards CDE programmes. An online (email based) cross-sectional survey was conducted. A total of 954 questionnaires were sent to dentists of 5 states out of which 487 (50%) responded. 65% attended CDE Programmes on regular basis. 86% believed that CDE points shall improve the quality of care.

Recent epidemiological studies have revealed that incidence of trichomoniasis is more than 170 million cases annually at global level. In India, it has increased from 2 to 7 % of all sexually transmitted infections. Cases of trichomoniasis is increasing with time due to development of industries, lifestyle modulation, inadvertent encroachment of mass media and advances in various types of marketing strategies.

Background: Integrated Rugoscopy Chart (IRC) proposed in 2017 is a simple and concise resource to classify rugae pattern on the basis of position, shape and length. Aim: To check the inter-observer reliability of IRC using sample of 50 maxillary casts. Methodology: IRC was filled by expert panel of 3 postgraduate faculties for all 50 casts separately and sent for checking reliability. Result: A total of 450 rugae were analyzed based on their side, shape by all 3 experts.

Background: Palatal rugae are irregular and non-identical mucosal elevations seen onthe anterior third of palate. They are arranged in transverse direction on either side of the median palatine raphe and are protected from high temperature and traumabecause of their rational position in the oral cavity. Their number and patterns are not uniform in all the individuals, and they appear to vary in different population subsets.


Key words:


Forensic odontology,

Palatal rugae,

Maxillary cast,

In medical device development, a lifecycle approach is indispensable because devices are modified frequently. In clinical trials, double-blind sham-controlled procedures are difficult because they may cause adverse events. The verification of superiority in medical treatment is essential because of the invasive nature of medical devices, which may raise ethical issues with regard to control groups. Accordingly, typical prospective randomized double-blind studies are less common; the majority of studies are single-arm trials.

Introduction: The optimal management of symptomatic or suspected common bile duct (CBD) stone continues to be controversial. Preoperative ERCP followed by LC is currently the most widely used procedure. The optimal interval between ERCP and LC is disputed. Aim: The aim of this study was to compare 2 groups of patients managed with laparoscopic cholecystectomy post ERCP after 72 hours and after 4 weeks ) in terms of outcome of LC, the rate of conversion to an open procedure, operative time and hospital stay.

Background: Psoriasis is a T-cell mediated immunological disorder with numerous cytokines and adhesion molecules at play in its pathogenesis. Role of TNF-α, IL-1β and E-selectin has been studied by a few authors. But the studies are very limited in number. We plan to study these markers before and after topical therapy in patients of Psoriasis. Aims and Objectives: To study the serum levels of sE-selectin, TNF-α and IL-1β in patients of psoriasis and compare them with controls, Psoriasis Severity index and with each other.

Introduction: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is a significant public health problem with consequences for the growth and development of affected children. Objective: To determine the association of feeding practices and Early Childhood Caries among Anganwadi children in Bangalore District. Materials and Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted among 200 mother-child pairs in Anganwadis in Bangalore District. Socio-demographic information, feeding practices were collected from the mothers through interview.

Background: Menopause is the most striking event during the middle age in women and represents the end of reproductive life. Although menopause is a universal phenomenon, there is a considerable variation among women regarding the age of attaining menopause and the manifestations of the menopausal signs and symptoms. This study aimed to assess the perceived health problems of menopause among the post-menopausal women. Methodology: Cross sectional descriptive survey design was used.

Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder of multiple etiologies characterized by chronic hyperglycemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. DM is associated with several complications. Ferritin is the major iron storage protein and plays a key role in iron metabolism. Ferritin in the circulation is a secretory form of the protein which is glycosylated and has been hypothesized for its role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications.

Introduction: Use of factor VIII and factor IX concentrates has decreased the morbidity and mortality in patients with hemophilia. But with increasing use of factor concentrates, one major complication occurring is formation of inhibitors to Factor VIII and Factor IX which results in poor response to factor administration making control of hemorrhages more difficult. Different studies show enormous difference in inhibitor occurrence.

Objective: High MPV values are seemed to be associated with thromboembolic events. Our aim is to determine a possible relationship between MPV values and myocardial infarction. Design, Setting, Subjects: Retrospectively, diagnosed myocardial infarction patients were found in data files in Uzunköprü State Hospital in 2015-2016. An age-sex matched control group was picked out. MPV, troponine, CK-MB, platelet, blood glucose levels were noted. Results: For totally 136 myocardial infarction diagnosed patients, 93(%68,4) were male, 43(%31,6) were female. Mean MPV of patients were 9,19(±0,94) fl.

Context: The important element for effective patient management is doctor-patient relationship. The key factor contributing in strengthening such relationship is doctor’s or health professional’s empathy. The term empathy in medicine means ability to recognize and understand the feelings of the patients thereby facilitating social relationship. Aim: The present study aims to detect the empathy levels among practicing dental students at SRM dental college & hospital, Chennai.

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder and may result into hormonal imbalance which may lead to infertility. In the recent time, female infertility has become one of the chronic effects of Diabetes Mellitus. The study aimed at evaluating the fertility hormones and glycated haemoglobin in type 2 diabetic females. A total of one hundred and eighty subjects (90 Type 2 diabetic females and 90 apparently healthy females) within age 20 -50 years were investigated.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root canal preparation in flat-oval root canals of distal roots of mandibular molars treated with either Rotary or Self-Adjusting File (SAF) by using CBCT analysis. Method: Forty human mandibular molars extracted due to non-restorability and periodontal reasons were selected. Teeth were accessed by using high-speed diamond burs. Mesial roots of all teeth were separated at furcation by using a diamond disc.Apical patency of single distal canal was determined.

Background: Routine prenatal care focuses on the detection of women at increased risk, aiming for appropriate intervention. appropriate combinations of some markers can serve as an indicator for early prediction of any adverse pregnancy outcome. Patients and methods: This is a prospective cohort study that was conducted at Obstetrics and Gynecology department, Al-Azhar University Hospital (New-Damietta). About 200 singletons, low risk pregnant women were included in the study.

We hereby report a case of type 3 Monteggia equivalent injury in a 12 year old male child which consisted of an oblique proximal third ulna fracture with Salter-Harris type 1 epiphysial separation proximal radius with maintained radial head and capitellar relationship with proximal radius being displaced antero laterally through and through the physis. A unique and rare variant of Monteggia fracture dislocation and to our full knowledge till date no similar case has yet been reported in the literature

Purpose: To assess the anatomic variation with the frequency, location, and morphology of mandibular lingual foramina using Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Methods: A retrospective study from CBCT examination of 200 subjects was conducted. The canal frequency (number), location, and travel direction were assessed by selecting images of the mandible.

Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common cancers of women in India. This study aimed to identify the risks such as age, menopausal status, age at menopause, age at menarche, parity, lactation, age at first pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, domicile status, literacy, occupation, duration of symptoms and BMI of breast cancer in comparison with benign breast diseases in females.

Organophosphorus compound poisoning is one of the most common poisoning in rural areas. The main symptoms of Organophosphorus compound poisoning is due to stimulation of nicotinic and muscuranic receptors. The cholinergic symptoms and prognosis is assesed by acetylcholinesterase levels which is not readily available in all clinical laboraties. So a cheaper and easily quantifiable serum markers like creatine kinase and liver enzymes can be used in predicting as well as assesing the prognosis with organophosphorus compound poisoning.

Background: Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by a Gram negative rod named after Bruce in 1887. It is a zoonosis of worldwide distribution. In Saudi Arabia, the prevalence is high and is attributed to widespread animal husbandry and to the traditional drinking of raw milk. Shoulder brucellosis commonly seen in old population. We have recently treated an old patient diagnosed with brucellosis, who was seen with clinical, radioisotopic, microbiologic, and surgical evidence of shoulder septic arthritis, a rare site of Brucella involvement.

By us revealed that after shortage of donators and acceptors have been formed the acute necrosis zone owing to disturbance of reaction mediums of “Donators + membrane - redox potentials three - state line system + O2 + АDP + Pi + H+ + nH + membrane space = (ATP + heat energy) + H2O + nH + matrix + CO2” depending on the time of shortage of donators and acceptors in following forms: 1.

This prospective study was carried out on 150 cases having indwelling urinary catheterization for more than 48 hours, to study the microbiological profile of catheter associated urinary tract infections and to find out Antibiotic susceptibility and resistance pattern of various bacterial isolates and ESBL detection from catheter associated urinary tract infection from Dhiraj General Hospital. METHOD: Patients were admitted in Dhiraj General Hospital in various wards and ICU.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting the women of reproductive age. Vitamin D deficiency may have a role in etiopathogenesis of PCOS and its metabolic and endocrine dysregulations. Various studies have shown conflicting results regarding role of vitamin D in PCOS. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find out vitamin D status in PCOS and its association with various metabolic dysregulations. Methods: This single center prospective case control study included 100 females with PCOS and 100 controls.

There are many strategies used by nurse educators to ensure that students of the health professions develop professional competence. Experiential approaches used in nursing education include role playing, gaming, simulation, practical exercises. Among these activities, Role play has a competitive element that does not exist in didactic lecturing, simulations or practical exercises.

Thyroid hormones play an important role in the regulation of physiologic processes. Thyroid dysfunction is the second most common glandular disorder of the endocrine system and is increasing predominantly among women. Thyroid disease can lead to imbalance in the homeostasis of the body and affect the healing capacity of tissues. The oral cavity is adversely affected by either an excess or deficiency of these hormones.

Objectives: Rhythm and conduction disturbances are common findings after surgical correction of Tetralogy of Fallot. Methods:71 Tetralogy of Fallot patients underwent surgical correction in Heart Institute, Cluj Napoca, Romania, between September 2001 and July 2006, without prior palliations. Employed surgical techniques were: transannular patch (n=46), infundibular patch (n=12), infundibular patch + pulmonary patch (n=5), transatrial + transpulmonary repair (n=8).

Visceral leishmaniasis is one of the diseases with the greatest impact on public health. In Paraguay, it is transmitted mainly by Lutzomyia longipalpis, which is considered the main vector of Leishmania infantum. In this paper, we report for the first time the detection of Leishmania spp. DNA by real-time PCR in a specimen of Evandromyia (complex) cortelezzii in Alto Paraná-Paraguay. The PCR product was sequenced and showed 100% similarity with Leishmania infantum.

Aim: To presume how Alzheimer's and Parkinson's neuropathies may compromise chewing and swallowing mechanisms in individuals with these diseases. Methodology: Used the following main health databases: PUBMED, ScIELO, Google Scholar; There is period from 1959 to 2017. Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Mastication, Swallowing (Swallowing). We selected 27 articles that fit the following inclusion criteria: Systematic reviews, literature review, clinical case, articles available as variables under study.

The plane of occlusion in both natural and artificial dentition plays an important role in fulfilling the criteria of function and aesthetics. As the concepts of prosthetic occlusion developed and were refined, it was natural to extend this to the natural dentition. With the establishment of concept of normal occlusion that incorporated the line of occlusion, by the early 1900s prosthodontics was no longer just replacement of missing teeth. One fundamental requirements in fabrication of successful dental prosthesis is the reestablishment of plane of occlusion.

Health care providers (HCPs) are an important source of physical activity (PA) information. Previous primary care PA interventions have had mixed results; however, successful interventions that increase PA in even a small percentage of sedentary patients may produce a large number of individuals that experience health benefits associated with beginning and maintaining regular PA.

Immediate dental implant placement has been an acceptable procedure for at least the past two decades. Commonly, immediate implants have been reserved for the single rooted anterior tooth and single or bi-rooted premolar tooth.

This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of cement dust pollution on foliar epidermal structure of two evergreen plant species viz. Polyalthia longifolia and Eucalyptus globulus growing in the campus of Jaypee cement plant, Rewa (M.P.). Increase in number of epidermal cells and stomata per unit area was observed in leaf samples collected from polluted sites than those from control site by light microscopic method.

Prosopis cineraria L. is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae. It is the state tree of Rajasthan (India). Due to its economic importance in state Rajasthan has drawn attention towards it. In the present study, the propagation of a multipurpose tree species Prosopis cineraria under in vitro condition. Binodal explant from the mature plant of Prosopis cineraria was taken and cultured after surface sterilization.

The Gerbera production continues to experience propagation problem from division of clumps. Traditional approaches of propagation through clumps have wide range of limitation. In order to address the problem of propagation technique in a system designed to develop a sustainable protocol using in vitro seed culture was assessed. The goal of the present research is to develop a viable protocol for rapid propagation of Gerbera. The specific objective was to select a superior genotype responding to mass in vitro propagation by using seed explant.

The present study was conducted to observe the fish biodiversityin Sherudangabeel under Mithapukur Upazilla, Rangpur, Bangladesh during the period fromJanuaryto March 2017. A definite structured questionnaire had used to collect the important data from 50randomly selectedboth temporaryand permanent fishermen from the study areas. The present study had found46 species of fish from the Sherudangabeel.

Uttara basti is well known panchakarma procedure used to treat various disorders related to the mutrashaya, garbhashaya, yoni vikaras especially in management of male and female infertility. As it gives very significant and effective results in infertility cases, so it is mandatory to know the practical utility to administer the Uttara basti in both males and females. As per Ayurvedic classics procedure of Uttara basti is not clearly mentioned and somehow not feasible in day today practice. So it is needed to understand about the procedure, medicaments and dosage etc.

Antibiotics susceptibility E.coli Bacteria was a non pathogenic bacteria, it was created cystitis which was occur in urethra and bladder. In this procedure normal growing bacteria were deposited in urethra and bladder, Catheter main cause of cystitis. It was caused by E.coli. E.coli was deposited in urethra. In hygienic condition it was infected by E.coli. Antibiotics susceptibility were check in E.coli these antibiotics has been susceptible in gram negative bacteria.

Ayurveda, the science of mind, body and soul has succeed to bring wellness to millions of people since ages. Ayurveda mainly stresses on preventive and curative aspects of health, moreover it is science of life, and life starts from birth i.e. embryonic stage to fully mature or up to natural death and even few chapters after death too. Though Ayurveda is considered as eternal science, still it needs certain care and protection so that it remains flourishing always all over the world without any questioning or misunderstanding.

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is considered as staple food in many developing countries. The major nutritional value in sweet potato tubers lies in its carbohydrates (starches and simple sugars), protein and fat. Sweet potato is a cheap calorie producer and is rich in vitamin A and C, and tubers have anti-diabetic, anti-oxidant and anti-proliferative properties due to the presence of valuable nutritional and mineral components viz., phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and sodium with low glycemic index.

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is the sixth most important crop grown worldwide after wheat, rice, maize, potato and cassava and is considered as staple food in many developing countries. The largest quantity of sweet potato production is noticed in Asia and the Pacific Islands (93% of global production). However, sweet potatoes face the problem of weevils, shrinkage and loss of nutrients in storage. Therefore, present research on shelf-life and physicochemical parameters of 12 different sweet potato genotypes were studied in order to determine the varieties for better storage.

Background: In ayurvedic classics Sneha kalpana is given its own importance. Sneha kalpana was introduced as a Pharmaceutical preparation only in the Samhita period. Samskara anuvarthitwa guna makes the Ghrita kalpana somewhat superior in Sneha Kalpana.TG is such a Sneha kalpana which is formulated with a shilajatu, kastaushadhis, moorchita ghrita and dugdha as main ingredients and prepared by general method of Sneha Kalpana.

The objective of this study was tomathematicalmodeling development for generating the water storage capacity necessary to dilute waste water from land utilization in the Upper Tha Chin Watershed (UTCW) within three scenarios: existing land use condition, expected land use change in the year 2020, and regulating water storage to dilute Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD).

This study tried to comprehend indigenous knowledge of engaging in farming in stony land at Burangasi ethnics in Buton hinterland. Engaging in farming in stony land has been done from time to time and from generation to generation. Engaging in farming in multi minus lands did not make farmers cease and submit to their fate but strove to relate between the hard nature and human beings through culture. The culture that was obtained through knowledge and experience made them develop the indigenous knowledge in engaging in farming.

The investigation on different kind of abnormalities in wheat produced in South Western Punjab were done during 2016-2017. To know the status of wheat seed, 500 wheat samples were collected from 47 different grain markets belonging to 10 districts of Punjab. The abnormalities of seeds were categorized into wrinkled seeds, discoloured seeds, and two fungal diseases i.e. Black Point and Karnal Bunt disease. It was found that Karnal Bunt (KB) was least (20%) in Faridkot and Sangrur district whereas Abohar district was totally disease – free.

In India besides Indo-Burma (NE) region, the Western Ghats (WG) also happens to be one of the richest biodiversity hotspots in the world. However, in recent times this biodiversity is under threat due to degradation and fragmentation of prominently diverse tropical rainforest. This biodiversity of Western Ghats includes varieties of mango (Mangifera indica), which are mainly used for whole fruited immature fruits popularly known as ‘Appemidi’ in Karnataka.

The India Tourism Development Corporation Limited (ITDC) is an Hospitality, retail and Education company owned by Government of India, under Ministry of Tourism. Established in 1966, it owns over 17 properties under the Ashok Group of Hotels brand, across India (Ministry of tourism, 2009). Tourism has the potential to stimulate other economic sectors through its backward and forward linkages and cross-sectoral synergies with sectors like agriculture, horticulture, poultry, handicrafts, transport, construction, etc.

Now a days Govt. is giving more emphasize on line sowing. Govt. of Odisha provide 75% subsidy on seed drills and rice transplanters to increase production and productivity. But weeding is a major problem in line sown paddy crop. There are many types of mechanical weeders available for vegetable crops with wide working width. These are not suitable for line sown paddy field. Hence it is highly essential to develop a suitable power weeder for DSR condition. Though SRI power weeders are available for line transplanted paddy, these are not suitable for upland line sown crop.

In the present study the effect of an artificial habitat construction on the biodiversity of the coastal waters of the “Vromos” Bay, Bulgarian Black Sea was investigated for the period 2011- 2012. Several environmental factors such as water temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen, nutritional conditions, phytoplankton taxa were observed. The fouling of the habitat by macrozoobenthos, esspecially mussels was reported. Individual counts and dimensions (mm) of mussels, shell length and asymmetry, intermediate size of the shell (mm), etc. were presented.

Food fortification is considered highly effective and flexible method, is socially acceptable and furthermore, it does not interfere with the population’s dietary habits. In addition, the risk of side effects and toxicity are minimal due to reduced doses of micronutrients added to foods. Iron fortification is the most cost effective method of preventing iron deficiency anaemia. The food vehicle of choice must be consumed regularly and in large scale by the targeted population. The selected iron compound does not cause unacceptable changes in color and flavor when added to foods.

Biodiversity conservation is the protection, restoration and sustainable management of wildlife and natural resources such as forests, water and the biological diversity within it. Biotechnology is a set of techniques by which human beings modify living things or use them as tools. In its modern form, biotechnology uses molecular biology techniques to understand and manipulate the basic building blocks of living things.

The present research was aimed at assessing the ground water quality of the iron ore region around Jurudi, Keonjhar district of Odisha, India. In this study, five locations were fixed in and around the human habitation and sampling were done in three different seasons of a year to compare the seasonal variation.

Nigerian society exhibits symptoms of serious moral decay. There is consequently widespread concern about the moral predicament in the nation. This paper is an attempt to investigate how commitment in teachers’ behaviour could improve the teaching of Christian moral education in secondary schools in the southeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design.

Green leafy vegetables are rich in micronutrients but are not consumed often by human beings. One such green leafy vegetable is Moringa leaves which is rich in nutrients. The scientific name of Moringa is Moringa olifera. It is commonly known as Drumstick, Murungai, Horse radish etc. Our study is based on the drying characteristics of Moringa leaves which is dried in Hot air oven and fluidized bed drier at 60⁰celsius and the efficiency of both the driers has been determined.

This research was carried out at the Technical Institute of Wasit governorate in Iraq in the agricultural area of the Hay district for evaluate the effect of the zero tillage farming system and compare it with traditional Tillage farming with applied four rates of urea 46% fertilizer (zero, 30, 40, 50 kg / d and three rates of superphosphate 20% fertilizer (zero, 30, 40 kg / d.) on some vegetative growth and yield traits for wheat Iba-99 variety in agricultural season 2016- 2017. Where planted seeds at rate 40 kg / donum equal 240 g /plot, by using RCBD design with three replicates.

Cyanobacterial species are ubiquitous in nature and the pigments present are capable of trapping the energy from the sunlight for the process of photosynthesis. All cyanobacteria which photosynthesize contain a core green pigment chlorophyll a which are supported by the other ancillary pigments like the Phycobilisome/phycobilins. The combination of phycobilins and chlorophyll produces the characteristic blue green colour from which these organisms derive their name. Chlorophyll which portrays a vital function of absorbing light energy for photosynthesis.

Grain storage is a major factor in ensuring food security in the country. It enables the markets to allow uninterrupted supply of grains even during off seasons. In a grain storage ecosystem, the interactions of different biotic and abiotic factors cause damage to the grain. Controlling these interactions by monitoring the heat and mass transfer in grain bulk during storage period is of great importance. Predicting the heat and mass transfer in storage structures is also necessary to make proper management protocols and guidelines to built safe bulk storage systems.

This paper follows the recent publication (Conte and Roșca, 2017) relative to the correlations between Newton’s law and the consequences of surfaces black bodies’ emittances and, also it follows (Conte and Rosca, 2017) that already had highlighted the correlation between the masses and their surfaces equivalent black body temperatures to the fourth power (Te4).

Kashmir Himalaya harbors a unique proportion of endemic as well as non endemic flora based on its endemicity and unique geography. It has attracted the attention of explorers and botanists from the time when journey was most tedious and unsafe. The people of the Kashmir valley have been endowed with many natural blessings in terms of health climate herbal medicines wild vegetables fruits and food plants.

The soil moisture is regarded as indicator of climate change. The temperate forest has great relation with moisture content which showed variation with altitude, seasons and depths. The seasonal variation of moisture depends upon the precipitation comes from. Kashmir Himalaya has snow the main source of precipitation which adds moisture to the forest ecosystem by melting it with increase in the temperature of the area.

The antibacterial activity of leaf extract of Chrozophora rottleri, Oxalis corniculata, Parthenium hysterophorus and Solanium xanthocarpum were evaluated in-vitro against some clinical isolates by agar-well diffusion method. Two solvents chloroform and methanol were used for extraction of bioactive compound from fresh leaves. Antimicrobial potential of leaf extract was determined by measuring the zone of inhibition. It was concluded from the results that both chloroform as well as methanol extracts of leaf of tested herbs were quite effective in inhibiting the growth of clinical isolates.

Plantar fasciitis represents the fourth most common orthopaedic complain which requires professional care. The typical presentation of Plantar Fasciitis is sharp pain localized at the heel and plantar surface of the foot. As per the textual references the features of Pada-kantak can be accurately correlated with Plantar Fasciitis. Acharyas has mentioned Agnikarmaas a treatment modality for Pada-kantak. Iontophoresis is also considered as one of the treatment modalities for Plantar Fasciitis now a days.

Background: The extracts or infusion of Physalis angulata plant fruits were used in the treatment of a wide range of diseases such as asthma, hepatitis, malaria, dermatitis and rheumatism. Aim: The aim of this study was to test the susceptibility of five human pathogenic bacteria species to Physagulin isolated from the fruits of Physalis angulata plant. Methods: The crude extracts were prepared using different solvents by maceration method and isolation, purification were done by TLC and column chromatography.

The present study describes the distribution of puffer fishes from the coastal belt of Digha (between 21°32´N to 21°45´N latitude and 87°32´E to 87°50´E longitude) in West Bengal along the east coast of India. The puffer fishes were collected by trawling from three different stations (Digha mohona, Sankarpur, Soula).

In the present investigtion, twelve cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) germoplasms were evaluate in Kabinda zone during the first growing season A 2015-2016. The main purpose of the investigation was to estimate the growth and yield performance of twelve cowpea germoplasms for improving selection in cowpea. The study was conducted using a randomized block design with for replications. The results showed that varieties CNGKASC2-1, CNGKASC5-2-0-T and CNGKASB6-1A gave higher seeds yields, whereas CNGKASB7B-1, CNGKAS C6-1-1, CNGKAS A7-0-L and CNGKAS C5-1-1-R had lower seed yields.

Bursatella leachii de Blainville, 1817 is a lessepsian invasive species included in Black List of Marine Invasive Species and CIESM Atlas of Molluscs in Mediterranean Sea. Twenty-two individuals were discovered in a sheltered bay on the north coast of Cyprus. This is the first published record of B. leachii from Cyprus

Wastes generated as a result of agricultural and industrial activities has become an environmental concern. In recent time global attention has been focused on environmental preservation, in an attempt to reduce environmental degradation, the use of agricultural and industrial wastes in concrete production has gained steady increase. Concrete being one of the major building materials that is used virtually in all aspects of construction, because it could be delivered to the job site, and be molded in situ or pre-cast to any form or shape. This makes it a material of choice in construction.

Sigmoid functions are used in many fields of scientific life for the description of several phenomena. Comparing several sigmoid type curves, in this paper useful functions are selected which can be used during the evaluation and qualification process of teams and their results. On the basis of the analysis of the characteristics of these curves and their derivatives and integral curves, a system of 38 points of view is proposed as a possible new comparison system (EBSYQ) for ranking, comparing or evaluating the results of groups.

The implementation of data mining techniques for money laundering fraud detection follow traditional information flow of data mining, which starts with feature selection followed by representation, data collection, management, and performance evaluation.

Many DLLME methods have been developed in recent years. DLLME is a novel microextraction technique with great potential in sample pretreatment. In most works, the intensive research on DLLME is concerned with the broadening of the range of used extraction solvents to increase the extraction capability of the method.

In this paper edge degree set of a fuzzy graph is introduced and some of its properties are studied. It is proved that any set of real numbers can be a degree set of some fuzzy graph.

Waste to Energy equipment design and operation is highly depending on the physical and thermal properties of the waste to be used. While this seems obvious, there are practical complications when a study is undertaken, because of lack of proper determination of the waste characteristics. This paper proposes the use of a set of physical and thermal properties as the basis for the design and the study and analysis of the actual functioning of WTE equipment, characterizing them by using simple determination techniques.

In this paper we introduce the notation of Q-fuzzy bi-ideal and Q-fuzzy strong bi-ideal of a near-ring. We have discussed some of their theoretical properties in detail and obtain some characterization.

Maintaining efficient work force to run an organization has always been a difficult task for all the leading organizations. Every organization tries all its ends up to gather the best talent possible in order to efficiently run and grow its business. However it has been seen from the last one or two decades that with the advancement of technology the process of hiring efficient candidates have been a difficult task. The reason for this is not the lack of talent but inefficient ways of recruitment and improper allocation of slots to right candidates on the basis of performance.

Tones have a fixed frequency while notes in music are a combination of tones or frequencies which are observable in the power spectra. The frequencies present in the spectra are characteristic of the pitch, timbre, amplitude of the input audio signal. These features are illustrated in a case study on Carnatic music system by studying the frequency spectra of input signals from veena and vocal.

The main objective of this paper is focused, to study the previous investigations of various researchers. Some recently invented advance materials like, Titanium, Titanium carbide etc. are not easily machined by conventional machining processes. So that, powder mixed electric discharge machining will be preferred for these materials. Because it gives better output responses like better material removal rate, lower tool wear rate and extensively smooth machined surface. These output responses are highly used in industrial applications.

Electric Discharge Machining is mainly used for very hard materials or some recently invented advance materials like; Titanium, Tungsten carbide etc. are difficult to machine with conventional machining processes. So that electric discharge machining will be preferred for these materials and composite materials are easily machined by electric discharge machine. Because it gives better output responses like better material removal rate, lower tool wear rate and extensively smooth machined surface. These output responses are highly used in industrial application.

The design of pipe system for water supply through buried pipes and for efficient irrigation, it is necessary to know the hydraulics of the pipe systems. The hydraulics of the buried pipe distribution system consists of flow of water in the pipe, frictional head loss, other fitting losses, velocity, etc. The material selected for water distribution system is made of PVC pipes confirming to the Bureau of Indian Standard Specifications IS:4985, 1981 (as amended from time to time) or the standard prescribed by other national standard organization.

A sandwich-structured composite is a special class of composite materials that is fabricated by attaching two thin but stiff skins to a lightweight but thick core. The core material is normally low strength material, but its higher thickness provides the sandwich composite with high bending stiffness with overall low density. Nowadays, sandwich structures with different face sheet and core materials are increasingly used in various applications.

This paper is a thorough literature review of processes related to surface water and groundwater interactions and the available tools to model them at various spatial and temporal scales with different levels of complexity. This paper aim to put light on exchange fluxes between surface water-groundwater for rivers in India and predict how these may change with existing or different surface water and groundwater management.

In this study, soil temperature variation around horizontal soil heat exchangers (HGHEs), which are widely used for ground-based heat pump (GSHP) systems, was experimentally determined. To determine temperatures and analyse the ground massif temperature changes in the HGHE area, an experimental set-up has been constructed for climatic condition of Çorlu Town located in the Marmara region of Turkey. The experimental results were obtained from 4 August to 14 October in cooling and transition season of 2015.

By density functional theory method (B3LYP, basis 6-31G**) the equilibrium spatial structure and the electronic structure have been calculated of carbon nanoclusters (CNC) derived from the nanocluster C96 of hexagonal shape due to removing one or two atoms. For comparison, the calculations have been carried out of similar structures formed from polycyclic aromatic molecules (PAM) C96H24 due to removal on one or two carbon atoms also.

The self-employment sector provides an avenue for workers to earn a living.. There exists earning differentials among workers with various levels of education worldwide In Kisii county there are worker entering into employment with various levels of education. The return to the self-employed varies. The returns to the self-employed are important in determing individual and government investment in education. The purpose of the study was to establish education returns spare parts self-employment activities in urban Kisii County.

Hemangiomas can occur anywhere in body tissue which having vascular component including skin, mucosa, muscles, glands, viscera and bones. Intramuscular hemangiomas (IMH) of the head and neck are uncommon benign vascular tumors as compare to cutaneous hemangioma, for which head and neck region is the most common location (60%). Head and neck IMH arises frequently in the masseter and trapezius muscle.

This paper investigates non-complementary antonyms in Standard Arabic in concord with recent denotational theories. Therefore, it builds on first order logic to check how these antonyms are contextualized in Arabic discourse. Accordingly, it has been assumed that the lexical meaning manipulated by these antonyms must express some true and untrue values at the logical level when they are used for debates or arguments. To draw these values, the antonym meaning relations and linguistic properties of the predicate and its arguments are all calculated.

Cognitive radio networks allow unlicensed users to access licensed spectrum opportunistically without disrupting primary user (PU) communication. Developing a distributed implementation that can fully utilize the spectrum opportunities for secondary users (SUs) has so far remained elusive. Although throughput optimal algorithms based on the well-known maximal weight scheduling (MWS) algorithm exist for cognitive radio networks, they require central processing of network-wide SU information.

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) originates from Diabetes and it is the major cause of blindness in all over the world. Earlier signs of this disease are the presence of small circular red spots called microaneurysm (MA). Detection of the MA in the earlier stage can control the progression of the disease. We presented an automated method for microaneurysm detection in this paper. The proposed algorithm is tested with DIARETDB1 database and compared with existing methods. The sensitivity, specificity of our algorithm is 91.5% and 92.1% respectively.

Even though the scientific community has started unraveling the mysteries of the close linkage between obesity, insulin resistance, hormones and their physiological effects in diabetic patients, a lot still remains to be discovered. In province of Meisan (southern of Iraq), to date, no study has investigated on obesity, insulin resistance and its effects on type 2 diabetic patients.

In this study, Sulfadiazine reacted with (NaNO2)and (HCl) to form diazonum salt was converted to 4-azido-N-(pyrimidin-2-yl)phenylsulfonamid (An) by reaction with sodium azide. 1,2,3-triazoline derivatives (B1-B10) were synthesized viaclick reaction, Huisgen 1,3-dipolar cycloadditionbetween compound (An) with chalcones and unsaturated compound like maleicanhydride, acrylamide, p-benzoquinone and cinnamylalcohol in presence cuprous chloride and sodium ascorbate.Identification of products by elemental analysis C.H.N.S., FT-IR spectra and 1H-NMR spectrum.

In this paper, my main emphasis on Stealth aircrafts that use stealth technology to avoid detection by employing a combination of features to interfere with radar as well as reduce visibility in the infrared visual, audio, and radio frequency (RF) spectrum. It involves technological methods of enabling military aircraft to evade radar and other sensors in the Electromagnetic (EM) spectrum deployed to detect and engage aircraft. Stealth technology is actually a mix of several different technologies, this technology is able to make a revolutionary change in the field of modern warfare.

North-East asian countries, laver cultivation has been an important marine industry in coastal areas as well as fishery because laver (Porphyra) is nutrient-rich food and has been used in many Asian cuisines. However, laver cultivation is vulnerable to natural disasters such as typhoons and tsunamis. If those disasters hit laver cultivation area, laver cultivation structures would be devastated and scattered around the coast. Laver is characterized by high concentrations of fiber and minerals, a low fat content, and, in some cases, relatively high protein levels.

The Thurakkal Bapooty bypass road is a link road connecting the Malappuram Manjeri road in south at Kacheripadi junction with Calicut Manjeri road in the western part of Manjeri town in Malappuram district in Kerala. It starts at Kacheripadi junction at latitude 11°6´37.728´´ N and longitude 76°7´14.454´´ E and ends near Thurakkal at latitude 11°7´16.008´´ N and longitude 76°6´36.564´´ E. The construction work of Thurakkal Bapooty road was started in the year 1996 and was open to the public in the year 2005.

This article is derived from the research project entitled , the objective was to analyze the processes curricular and pedagogical practices contextualized in two educational institutions of the rural sector of the Valle del Cauca - Colombia, it conducted a background check that explain the changes in the educational system that they have influenced the setting of rural education. It is a descriptive qualitative case study, used the interview, observation log and the documentary analysis, from the story of teachers.

Government has an essential role in making the health of its population and this role has risen substantially in today’s scenario. This scenario is unlike that of private sector where the prices are high and question of affordability is the biggest challenge thus it becomes prior to study the causality between public health expenditure and health status.

The present study deals with the inventory of moths in selected areas of Delhi carried out from 2014 to 2015. During the study 11 species are new reports to the moth fauna of Delhi. After the present study, the moth fauna of Delhi comprises a total of 73species belonging to 67 genera and 9families.Of these, species richness of family Noctuidae was found to be the highest followed by Erebidae, Geometridae, Crambidae, Sphingidae.

This article presents a bibliographical approach that aims to review the concept of conciliation in Colombia (within the framework of the research project entitled “Efficacy of prejudicial conciliation in alimony obligations – years 2014 and 2015 in the Reconciliation Center of the UCEVA”), Particularly in the area of preliminary conciliation in family law; in an attempt to study the conceptions that currently exist in Colombia as well as in Latin America, highlighting their importance as a mechanism to relieve the ordinary justice.

The continuous food insecurity in rural areas despite efforts by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the government to reduce it through food distribution schemes and many development projects has become a threat to rural development. The research sought to assess the contribution of the fast track land reform programme (FTLRP) to food security at Datmoor farm in Seke District. A mixed method approach was adopted were both qualitative and quantitative for data analysis. Stratified random sampling was used to come up with a sample of 50 households from a population of 525.

The current project presents as a research problem the low results of Pruebas Saber 5°, among the years 2012 and 2015 of the institute, specifically, in the language field, therefore, this one consists of the incidence of a competence assessment strategy type Prueba Saber 5° in the critical reading competence on the part of fifth grade students, carried out at Institución Educativa Corazón del Valle, sede San Judas Tadeo located in Tuluá city.

Working capital as a financial metric representing operating liquidity of entity, whose management involves the administration of accounts receivables, accounts payables, inventory and cash, enables continued operation and provision of sufficient cash flow to satisfy both maturing short term debt and recurrent operational cost. This enhances business’ capital security, investment and performance. Sugar factories absorbs up to 60% workforce of western region and accounts for about 15% of agricultural GDP contribution.

The article discusses the operating principle and design of the environmentally safe reactor of the heat source - K&RK generator invented by the authors based on a new initiation method for cold fusion reaction in ordinary water. The paper demonstrates the result of the action of the K&RK generator as a new type of heat source whose yield turns out to be positive for the first time in world history without any additional energy sources connected to the device.

This study investigated factors determining women’s property ownership and inheritance practices among the Kisii community in Kenya. The Kisii community, just like many other traditional patriarchal societies in the world, gives men priority over women in property ownership and inheritance. Though discriminative, this practice is normative and culturally sanctioned by both men and women.

This study aims to know and analyze the knowledge of adolescents to marriage along with rules in marriage based on Islam, research conducted to get a clear picture on the knowledge that adolescents have on marriage. This study uses quantitative research methods through descriptive analysis, and inferential analysis, the population in this study were students in State Senior High School at Serang Banten.

Women’s perceptions on minimal occupation of management positions in Government Aided secondary schools in Eastern Uganda were explored. The Uganda National Gender Policy was formulated in 1997 and revised in 2007 to address the gender imbalance in the management of educational institutions and other public institutions for the purpose of enabling women to access justice in workplaces so as to enable them to be part of the mainstream in Uganda’s socio-economic development in the women’s empowerment initiative.

The government of Kenya in partnership with religious sponsors and parents provide financial, human and physical resources to enhance education of girls and boys in schools. However with all these measures in place, girls’ performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education examinations was just average and below that of boys in Siaya County for the years 2011 to 2013. The mean scores were 6.21, 6.90 and 6.05 compared to those of boys which were 7.73, 7.73 and 7.56.

It is observed in Mizoram that most of the students are facing the problem in expressing themselves in English through speaking as well as writing. What are responsible for this? Are textbooks not good enough to promote language skills in students? - are questions that very often come to the minds of the investigators. The present study was undertaken to address such type of issues and to evaluate English Literature Reader for class X in Mizoram.

Immediate Free Secondary Education policy was introduced in Kenya in 2008 with an aim of making secondary education affordable to enhance student academic performance. The influence seem to have been low in Mbita and Suba Sub- Counties where the academic performance mean scores in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education for the period 2011 to 2014 were low at 5.0 and 5.1 for Mbita and Suba Sub counties respectively. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of Free Secondary Education policy on student academic performance in Mbita and Suba Sub- Counties.

Forest cover is an important crucial role to a variety of scientific and land resource management applications. Many of these applications not only need information on forest categories, but also the information on tree canopy density should be considered. Due to the advancement in Remote sensing technology and availability of many sources of imagery and various digital classification techniques, forest canopy cover assessment has been readily accessible. The need of understanding the capability and limitations of various types of imagery and classification methods is essential.

Obesity has reached epidemic proportions globally, with at least 2.8 million people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese. Once associated with high income countries, obesity is now also prevalent in low and middle income countries. Governments, internationals partners, civil society, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector all have vital roles to play in contributing to obesity prevention.

The Green synthesis method of silver nanoparticles by Typha domingensis was investigated. The aqueous extract prepared from Typha domingensis was evaluated as reducing agent for biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. The formation of silver nanoparticles was visually monitored with change in colour from yellow to brown and later monitored with UV-Vis spectroscopy. Energy dispersive x-ray spectra (EDS) analysis method shows the qualitative and quantitative analysis of synthesis of silver nanoparticles.

The aim of this study is to review the organizational commitment levels of the trainers, employees of the Ministry of Youth and Sports, Sports General Directorate, regarding some demographical variables. 330 trainers have participated in the study. Organizational commitment defines the strength of the connection the employee feels towards the organization he/she works for.

The paper aims at defining and measuring the impacts of brand equity Vietnamese fresh fruits on the overall brand equity and interactions between them. This paper used qualitative and quantitative research methods: (i) qualitative research conducted through direct interviews with 10 experts and focus group discussions with 10 consumers, and (ii) quantitative research conducted through direct interviews with 520 consumers.

Crude methanolic extract of the bark of Mimosa prainiana Gamble (Mimosaceae) was subjected to the preliminary phyto chemical screening and evaluation of its anti inflammatory activity. Preliminary phyto chemical screening of the methanolic extract of the bark of Mimosa prainiana Gamble was followed by HR-LCMS analysis to develop a finger print chromatogram. The studies on the phytochemical screening of the bark extract revealed the presence of flavonoids, phytosterols, carbohydrates and glycosides.

This paper examines whether there is grounds to a new learning model– a community-based shared model designed to create and spread knowledge on ADD and learning disorders in the educational system. Our proposed learning model "The adult community that is meaningful to the child" involves the school community (administration, councilors and teachers), parents to children with ADD and learning disabilities (instead of the parents' council) and lecturers and students from the academia who specialize in this field.

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is endemic to West Africa, Liberia is no exception. The EVD was first discovered in the Congo basin in 1976. The first outbreak of Ebola (Ebola-Sudan) infected over 284 people, with a mortality rate of 53%. A second attack occurred later the same year when 318 people were affected in Zaire (EBOZ), with the highest mortality rate of the Ebola virus disease at 88% of the infected population. Efforts were made, but the Ebola’s natural reservoir was never identified.

The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of the users of the Bus Station of Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil, regarding the quality of services provided. To do so, a quantitative and descriptive research was carried out using a cross-sectional survey using the SERVQUAL Scale as a data collection instrument. Through univariate and multivariate statistical analysis, it was verified that the dimensions proposed by the scale were not maintained, being grouped in four other factors, and not in the five defined in the literature.

A healthy lifestyle requires having an adequate amount of allocated time and space for recreational activities. In today’s complex and modern urban lifestyle, children must balance completing many different tasks at home or school into their day. In order to successfully achieve these goals while maintaining emotional and physical health, children require dedicated time and space free from chores and other responsibilities. It is crucial for children to channel excess energy into cultural and socially-acceptable activities providing them with pleasure and fulfillment.

L’étude s’intéresse aux conditions d’acquisition du langage chez la fille. L’acquisition du langage et son développement qui se font plus tôt chez la fille que chez le garçon concentre les recherches sur l’étude du cerveau et de ses spécificités chez les deux sexes. L’objectif de cetteétude vise à faire une analyse aussi bien sur le cerveau féminin, siège du langage, que sur les instruments du milieu qui favorisent la précocité du langage chez la fille. L’hypothèse des causes psychologiques et environnementales est formulée à partir d’observations et de recherches documentaires.

Now a day social media has emerged as fastest and best mode way for communication. From the small enterprises to big establishments, all of them use social media for the advertisement of their brands. With the development of social networking in the last decade, organizations use social groups inform the buyers about their products. The social networking platform enables the companies to predict the exact requirements of the customer and thus, device their marketing strategy. This study focuses on the retailers’ improvement by utilization of online networking.

The objective of the research is to find a research training model (R & D) for farmers to improve the environment quality in technical irrigation. The sample respondents were chosen by thepurposive sampling method. Data collection was done by giving a questionaire to the respondents. The analysis used was descriptive analysis.

This paper aimed at investigating factors determining disparities in sustainable water supply in the greater Yola region of Adamawa State Nigeria with the view to suggesting physical planning recommendations that will enhance sustainable water supply. The study employed a two staged sampling procedure for the investigation. First, the study area was divided into three clusters based on physical planning characteristics with three residential areas selected randomly from each of the three clusters.

Today more than ever the need to provide reproductive potential growth and architects seem necessary. The main feature of this process is creativity as one of the factors that increase these features, the physical environment. This study aims to enhance creativity and architectural innovation, taking into account the psychology of the environment and the virtues and characteristics of the physical environment, to create stimulating environment for creative architects are free of thought and expression.

Iranian traditional houses is designed such that it provides all welfare facilities and comfort for members of family. With the advent of modernism in Iran, principles that are used to make building are set aside. Then western principles and standards determine the policy of Iranian architect. But in country like Japan whose architecture is close to Iranian architecture in terms of principles observance, it is observed that with arrival of modernism, they try to preserve the spirit and tradition of Japanese life in modern designs.

The purpose of the present research is defining which values pre-service teachers, who have an important responsibility in values education, want their students to have most, and which values they will try to teach to their students. The research adopted case study, which enables the studying and analysis of one or some special cases in detail. Within the scope of the present research, semi-structures interviews were conducted with the participants, which include 34 pre-service teachers, who got formation education at Bartın University, Faculty of Education.

The government of Kenya in partnership with religious sponsors, parents, politicians, Board of Management and principals provide financial, human and physical resources to enhance education of girls and boys in schools. However with all these measures in place, girls in Siaya County schools performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Examinations was generally low compared to national where few girls have featured in 100 best students.

The self-employment sector provides an avenue for workers to earn a living. There exists earning differentials among workers with various levels of education worldwide. In Kisii County there are worker entering into employment with various levels of education. The return to the self-employed varies. The return to the self-employed is important in determining individual and government investment in education. The purpose of the study was to establish education returns to computer self-employment activities in urban Kisii County.

Background: The Metopic or Frontal Suture is formed at the meeting of the two halves of Frontal bone, in the midline. At birth the bone consists of two halves, the median surface usually disappears at about 8 years of age. Metopism is totally or partially persisting suture extending from anterior angle of the bregma of frontal bone to the nasion. Materials and Method: An observational study was carried out on 50 dry adult human skulls which were used from the Department of Anatomy, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai, India, to study the incidence of metopic suture.

Background: Palmaris longus is a small vestigial forearm muscle that is phylogenetically degenerating and is variable in nature. It is used by surgeons as a source of tendon graft. Ethnic variations in the prevalence of the absence of the palmaris longus are well known. Materials and Method: The presence of palmaris longus was clinically determined in 100 subjects using the standard technique (Schaeffer’s test) and the absence of the palmaris longus was confirmed using three other tests (Thompson, Pushpakumar’s “two-finger sign” and Mishra II tests) to determine its absence.

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the salivary glands. It is the most common malignant tumor of the parotid gland and the second most common malignant tumor of the submandibular gland, after adenoid cystic carcinoma. (Brad W. Neville, 2002) Mucoepidermoid carcinoma appears as asymptomatic swellings in minor salivary glands, being the second most common site of occurrence after the parotid gland, most commonly located on palate, followed by retromolar area, floor of mouth, buccal mucosa, lips, and tongue.

Aim: Comparison of the short- and medium-term results of the epicondylitis band and corticosteroid and local anesthetic injections for lateral epicondylitis. Study Plan: This was a retrospective and comparative study related to acute lateral epicondylitis treatment. The patient groups named A and B received two different treatments. There were 151 patients in Group A and 205 patients in Group B. Group A received the epicondylitis band and Group B corticosteroid and local anesthetic injections. Both groups were also given stretch exercises and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

This clinical report described the oral rehabilitation of a cleft palate patient with removable partial denture. Although implant¬supported fixed treatment was presented as part of the optimum treatment plan to achieve the best result, the patient declined this option due to the significant financial burden. Persons with a congenital or craniofacial defect are unique, and oral problems must be evaluated individually to the most ideal treatment.

Background: Lower back pain is a common health problem among nurses, however no previous studies have investigated the prevalence of it and the factors that contribute to lower back pain among nurses who are working in the operation rooms in Palestinian hospitals. Fortunately, measures can be taken to prevent or relieve lower back pain episodes. If prevention fails, simple home treatment and proper body mechanics can be used to relieve the lower back.

Unusual anatomical configurations must be considered in the radiographic and clinical evaluation during the endodontic treatment. The canal anatomy maxillary first premolar has been studied extensively and the presence of three canals is relatively rare. This article describes a case of a maxillary first premolar with three canals each.

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the differences of the Micro hardness of two Bulk-fill Composites (Tetric N-ceram Bulkfill and Filtek Bulkfill) and a Conventional composite (Filtek Z350XT) at varying depths (0mm, 2mm, 4mm) and to evaluate the effect of two different light curing systems (LED and QTH) on the micro hardness of bulk-fill and conventional composite. Methods and Materials: 60 specimens of composite resin disks (8x4mm) will be prepared.

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition characterized by a systolic BP reading greater than or equal to 140 mmHg and a diastolic reading greater than or equal to 90 mmHg(≥140/90 mm Hg).The aim of this project was to assess prevalence and risk factosr of hypertension along with BP control and treatment based on JNC8 guideline. 200 patients in the age group of 18-75 years who were on antihypertensives for at least 6 months were enrolled in the study.

Biomedical waste is a serious problem face Sudanese in hospitals, because of its hazardous effects in the environment and human health (over view of town. Researchers must find technical solution to dispose. The objectives of this study. First to give the definition, categories of bio-medical wastes, Second the status of biomedical waste in hospitals and how hospital disposal the biomedical waste by each category, third this mainly to highlight the effects of biomedical waste in the urban scale. Last regulations and recommendations.

Teacher’s administrative roleis based onhis individual style. One’s attitude towards his own activity and its outcomes are among the factors impacting the formation of anindividual method. This attitude includes intellectual, emotional, and volitional characteristics of a person. The development of creative activity, professionalism, teaching skills, and individual and pe¬da¬gogical style are firstly connected with the requirements of personality in modern education.

Background: Ovarian cancer is responsible for the most deaths in the gynaecological sphere. It is the second most common gynaecological malignancy in developed countries, and is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. It causes more mortality than all other gynaecological malignancies together. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the risk of malignancy index (RMI) which combines serum CA125 levels, ultrasound score, and menopausal state in discriminating between benign and malignant adnexal masses in a selected population of apparently early lesions.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is cancer that begins in cells of the immune system. The immune system fights infections and other diseases. Non -Hodgkin lymphoma begins when a lymphocyte (usually a B cell) becomes abnormal. Hodgkin's disease is much less common than non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and accounts for only about 1%. A non hodgkins lymphoma occurring as a primary bone lesion is a rare entity in mandible. A case report of one such case with differential diagnosis and management in 65 year old male patient is reported.

Approximately one million people develop invasive cancer each year. Of these, 40% will receive curative benefit from surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination modality. In dealing with patients with cancer of the head and neck a team approach is required for effective management. When radiation therapy is indicated, it is imperative that health of the oral cavity be assessed initially as well as throughout therapy and post therapy. All members of the cancer treatment team should be informed of the oncologic treatment plan.

Acute appendicitis is one of the most common cause of abdominal pain and one of the most common cause of surgical emergencies. Western literature reports that 6% of population had risk of suffering from appendicitis during their lifetime. Failure to make an early diagnosis converts acute appendicitis to perforated appendicitis, a disease with potential complications including intra-abdominal abscesses, wound infection, septicemia and death.

Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that may consist of hyperthyroidism, goiter, eye disease (orbitopathy), and pretibial or localized myxedema. The presence of thyrotropin-receptor antibodies (TRAb) in serum and orbitopathy on clinical examination distinguishes the disorder from other causes of hyperthyroidism. However, the diagnosis may be obvious on presentation; a patient with new-onset ophthalmopathy, a large non-nodular thyroid, and moderate to severe hyperthyroidism has Graves' disease.

Background: Despite various treatment and diagnostic options, breast cancer remains one of the most prevalent forms of cancer, globally. Such scenario is due to studies, which are still lagging behind in preventing the recurrence of breast cancer and its progression. The present study focuses on evaluating the expression of E-cadherin and vimentin in breast cancer cases. Methods: The study comprised of 58 breast cancer patients admitted at the Department of Surgery between January 2014 and July 2015.

In (11-bold) Taboos and misconceptions during pregnancy have been part of Indian cultures since centuries. Superstition is a belief or practice generally regarded as irrational and as resulting from ignorance or from fear of the unknown. It implies a belief in unseen and unknown forces that can be influenced by objects and rituals. Magic or sorcery, witchcraft, and the occult in general are often referred to as superstitions. Food Taboos and Misconceptions among Pregnant Women are most common in many women of any part of the country (Ref 1).

Since, its introduction in 1990s, vacuum assisted closure (V.A.C.) has been known to reduce the wound healing time along with promotion of granulation tissue as compared to conventional dressing techniques. The therapy involves controlled application of negative pressure to the local wound environment using a sealed wound dressing connected to a vacuum pump. Recent introduction of the commercial products for vacuum dressings have added to enormous costs of these dressings.

Aim:The aimof this study was to asses the knowledge and awareness amongst the dental students on the use of transitional implants. Material and Methods:This study was a well-structured online questionnaire based awareness study. This study was conducted among the students of Saveetha dental college. 213 participants took up the survey. The questionnaire consisted of 10 multiple choice questions. The questions were based on knowledge of transitional implants including the various advantages and uses of transitional implants.

Background: HIVAIDS clients now have prolonged survival due to advances in antiretroviral management. Traditional health indicators like mortality and morbidity, used in measuring impact of disease burden and outcome of intervention are quantitative in approach. This study compared HIV positive support and non-support group memberships for predictors of quality of life (QoL) in a tertiary hospital in a South-eastern State in Nigeria. Methods: This was an institution based comparative study of 482 HIV positive clients selected using a two -stage sampling.

Background and objectives: World today is moving towards “Evidence based Medicine” and to promote this, provision of only academic training is not sufficient. In countries like India, Undergraduate dental students have very less exposure to fundamentals of research which may lead to a compromised scientific acumen. This prevents them from conducting and appreciating scientific research during their advanced professional careers and ultimately impacts the quality of research in the specialty.

Background: The silent emergency of child under-nutrition is an internationally recognized public health problem. The vicious cycle of social deprivation leading to nutritional deprivation further leading to economic and social deprivation continues in our country. Objective: To assess the predictors of nutritional status of children less than five year of age of district Kangra situated in sub-himalayan region of Himachal Pradesh, India.

Background Context: Restoration of spinal cord function after injury remains a major challenge to those treating paralyzed victims. While prevention and treatment of secondary cord damage continues to be a primary objective, the ability to reverse established cord dysfunction is a major goal. Purpose: Clinical and radiological evaluation of results of Cervical Spine Locking Plate in prospective and retrospective cases of lower cervical spine injuries. Study Design/Setting: It is a prospective as well as retrospective study.

Patients undergoing orthopaedics Procedure especially in the era of fast tract anesthesia are major concern for anaesthesiologist. These patients have range of comorbidities with associated injuries that can be a major challenge to anaesthetic. Also the intraoperative issues of cementation syndrome & VTE are of concern. This review article relates to all the major issues related to orthopaedic surgeries especially replacement.

This investigation aimed to review the initial state of electrophysiological parameters that may predict the development of heart rhythm disorders in spontaneously-breathing pentobarbital-, ketamine-xylazine- and zoletil-anesthetized rats. These data will contribute to building a wider framework for a chronobiological perspective on the dependence of these parameters on the light-dark (LD) cycle under in vivo conditions. The study was performed using female Wistar rats, which were adapted to a 12 h LD cycle.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the phase stability and surface characteristics of Yttrium stabilised zirconia ceramics after various low temperature aging using X-ray diffraction analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy respectively.

Ankyloglossia is a congenital condition characterized by an abnormally short, thickened, or tight lingual frenulum that restricts mobility of the tongue. The prevalence of ankyloglossia reported in the literature varies from 0.1% to 10.7%. Due to restricted tongue movements patients may exhibit difficulty in speech, neonates have difficulty in breastfeeding, malocclusion a gingival recession are also reported. Surgical intervention is choice of treatment. This article presents one such case of ankyloglossia in adult and its management.

Relapsing polychondritis is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder primarily involving the cartilaginous structures of ears, nose and tracheobronchial tree. The disease can involve the eyes and the muskeloskeltal system with seronegative non erosive arthritis. We described a case of a 25 year female with relapsing polychondritis. This patient presented with history of throat pain, difficulty in breathing, hoarseness of voice from last one week and bilateral hearing impairment.

Atherosclerotic diseases presently showing alarming trend in developing countries and has posed to be of major public health importance. Unhealthy diet practice and life style aggravates the condition. Studies show that Lipid lowering agents at different doses can alter the serum lipid profile favourably and can significantly reduce the complications. Present study aims to evaluate the role of lovastatin, a lipid lowering agent at two different doses on serum lipid profile of rats fed on Atherogenic diet.

Diseases of the joints, particularly osteoarthritis, restrain a geriatric patient from visiting the clinic multiple times for the fabrication of complete denture in a conventional manner. The present case describes a unique but simplified technique to fabricate a new complete denture in three appointments using an existing prosthesis. This results in reduced number of appointments and chair-side time while keeping in mind all the basic steps of denture fabrication.

Aim: This study was conducted for the evaluation of the outcome of “Lesion Sterilization and Tissue Repair” in primary teeth using two combinations of antibacterial drugs which comprised of ciprofloxacin, metronidazole and minocycline in one group (Group A) and ciprofloxacin, ornidazole, and minocycline in the other group (Group B). Materials and Methods: 38 children ranging between 5 to 10 years of age group having 80 infected carious teeth were selected and randomly divided into two groups, viz. groups A and B with 40 teeth in each group.

Background: Morbidity can be defined as the “disease load”. Low morbidity explains that the health status is better and high morbidity shows poor health status. Although low morbidity may occur due to actual lack of disease consciousness and under reporting. Healthcare-seeking behaviour is also of prime importance and is pivotal in the well-being of the individual as well as the community. The process of responding to perceived ‘illness’ or seeking care involves multiple steps.

The health care system in India is divided into public sector, private sector, indigenous system of medicine and other agencies. Private practitioners (PPs) constitute nearly 70% of medical profession in India. The need for including the PPs in the National TB Programme had been felt since 1975. With a vision for TB free India we need to approach the missing 3 million cases. One of the key pillars towards achieving universal access is to ‘expand efforts to engage all care providers’.

Hypophosphatemic rickets is a type of hereditary rickets characterized by persistent hypophosphatemia and hyperphosphaturia. The most predominant type is inherited in an x-linked fashion and caused by mutation in the gene encoding the phosphateregulating endopeptidase homolog X-linked (PHEX) which causes deficient mineralization of structures such as bones and teeth.

Introduction: The biology and regulation of p73, a p53 homologue is complex, since the gene incorporates both tumor-suppressive and protooncogenic functions. However, the p73 gene is rarely mutated in tumors. A better understanding of p73 pathway is mandatory for the improvement of oral cancer diagnosis and treatment. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate p73 expression in oral potentially malignant disorders compared to oral squamous cell carcinoma.

The eye is one of most vital organ. Eye injury is most frightening and stressful injury amongst all non life threatening injuries. Of all causes of sight loss, eye injury is the most sudden and dramatic because it is instantaneous. Devising a strategy to manage ocular trauma not only helps ease management, but also helps minimize the psychological impact. The high pshycosocial impact of eye injuries can be minimized by the symphthatetic and compassionate attitude of attending eye surgeon.

Vitamin D is thought to be important for maintaining normal function of many non skeletal tissues such as muscle (including heart muscle), immune function, and inflammation as well as cell proliferation and differentiation. Studies have shown that it may be useful as adjunctive treatment for tuberculosis, psoriasis, and multiple sclerosis or for the prevention of certain cancers. The consumption of fortified or enriched foods as well as suberythemal sun exposure should be encouraged for people at risk for vitamin D deficiency.

Background: A large volume of hernia repairs are performed worldwide, of which many are affected by chronic groin pain. Since this has direct impact on most of the daily activities, it's an important aspect in the outcome of hernia surgery. We carried out this study to assess the success of delibrate severance of Ilioinguinal nerve & use of light weight mesh to prevent inguinodynia following tension free hernia repair. Methods: 93 male patients who underwent open inguinal hernioplasty were divided into 3 groups.

The present study was conducted to determine whether buccal corridor width with the total smile width changes along with change in the facial form and also to substantiate the influence of buccal corridors on the smile esthetics when judged by lay persons. The sample comprised of photographs obtained from 60 patients (30 males and 30 females) with age range of 17-30 years. Out of the 60 subjects selected: 20 subjects had leptoposopic facial form, 20 subjects had mesoprosopic facial form and rest 20 subjects had euryprosopic facial form.

Background and Aim: The aim of this study were to assess the axial inclination of upper incisor and to evaluate the relationship between the angular measurement data (incisor long axis to maxillary plane and occlusal plane) and the third-order angle according to Andrews’ description by using the device—the tooth inclination protractor (TIP). The sample comprised 60 subjects of south Indian origin between 15- 30 years of age (regardless of skeletal and dental relationships) seeking orthodontic treatment at the department of orthodontics, K.V.G.

Background: The anatomical position and distribution of nutrient foramina is necessary for the success of orthopedics surgical procedures such as joint replacement therapy, fracture repair and bone grafts. Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study was to study the diaphyseal nutrient foramina in human humeri and its surgical importance’s. for each bone, the number, position, size, and direction of their nutrient foramina were studied.

Background: The silent emergency of child under-nutrition is an internationally recognized public health problem. The vicious cycle of social deprivation leading to nutritional deprivation further leading to economic and social deprivation continues in our country. Objective: This present study focuses on water, hygiene, feeding habits and socio cultural factors in relation to morbidity among children less than five years of age of District Kangra in Himachal Pradesh, India.

The present study was conducted to compare and evaluate the push-out bond strength and its time-dependent change, of various materials when used for furcal perforations i.e. change in strength after 24 hours and 7 days to determine which material had the maximum push-out bond strength measurement so as to bear the forces of compaction of the coronal restoration. The study was carried out by preparing standard endodontic access cavities and decoronating 30 molars 5mm above the pulpal floor. After which, perforations were made in the furcal area of the pulpal floor.

Back ground: Atherosclerosis also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease or ASVD is a condition in which an artery wall thickens as a result of the accumulation of fattymaterials such as cholesterol. It is a syndrome affecting arterial blood vessels (Ruffer, 1619). The basic mechanism is stenosis or occlusion of one or more branches of the coronary arteries by atheromatous lesions or one of the complications of such a lesion.

Poor nebulizer hygiene can result in microbial contamination and risk of infections by pathogens for respiratory tract patients. Swabs were collected from contamination nebulizer cup (n=25) using sterile cotton swabs, percentage of microbial contamination 84( 67.2%) bacteria n=74(59.2%) (gram positive n=21(16.8%), and negative bacteria n=53(42.4%)). and yeast n=10(8%) (Candida spp.). Frequency of gram negative bacteria higher than the gram positive bacteria and yeast with high significant difference p≤0.05.

Computerised tomographic (CT) scanning remains the commonest modality of investigations for acute head injury (HI) patients worldwide. In many patients, CT scan might look normal, yet the patient may have a poor Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). The aim of the study was to analyse epidemiological aspects of acute head trauma and to correlate CT scan findings in head injury cases with post mortem examination findings. This study was conducted on 64cases of traumatic head injuries who underwent a CT scan of the head prior to death and had medico-legal autopsy at Seth G.S.

Objective: To analyze in the literature the available evidence about the teaching of Basic Life Support in undergraduate nursing. Methods: An integrative review of the literature. The search was performed in PUBMED, LILACS and BDENF databases. Nine complete articles were found, they were published between 2010 and 2016. The productions studied were grouped into two thematic pillars. Results: Few publications on the subject were evidenced as well as a multiplicity of methods and strategies in the teaching of Basic Life Support.

Till date antibioma formed in the oro-facial region has been treated surgically by excision and drainage. In this report an alternative minimally invasive method for the treatment of antibioma has been elicited. This technique involves Triamcinolone acetonide and Amoxiclav in the form of intralesional injections injected directly into the antibioma.

Large periapical lesions are always a challenge for the clinicians. Treatment planning for extensive lesions is a dilema. Literature has documented successful management of large periapical lesions using non-surgical as well as surgical treatment approach. The pros & cons of non-surgical versus surgical treatment modality should be carefully studied for individual case.

Objective: Breastfeeding is the optimal nutrition of the newborn. Its nutritional, developmental and protective benefits have been widely published. Yet, the effect of immediate breastfeeding at birth on newborn behavior is barely studied. We assessed the effect of skin-to-skin breast-feeding immediately following birth versus early breastfeeding at one hour of birth on the behavior of the newborn at term. Method: Randomized clinical trial of 82 full-term newborns born via normal vaginal delivery and no risk factors.

Background: Amniotic membrane from placenta has unique properties likeenhanced wound healing through neovascularisation, analgesic, antiadhesive effects, bacteriostatic, without inducing immunological reactions. Aim: to quantify the neo vascularisation that occurs by applying amnioticmembrane as dressing in chronic non healing ulcers Material and Method: This is a randomized prospective pilot study done to evaluate effects of healing in chronic ulcers as evidenced by quantum of neo vascularisation by amniotic membrane application for a period of eight weeks in 15 patients.

Application of digital recording machines/gadgets provides more inventive, high quality dental restorations which in turn lead to utilize different types of dental scanners in contemporary dental practice. This review is aimed to provide the historical backgrounds of dental scanner and their various kinds; the benefits and pitfalls. An intensive search was performed in the available database with relevant keywords. Dental scanner used to measure the entire 3-dimensional (3D) of the external surface of a physical object either intraorally or extra orally from multiple directions.

Introduction: Preoperative complexity estimation helps deciding whether to proceed with a minimally invasive approach or perform an open procedure. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy outcome is particularly affected by the presence and severity of inflammation, advancing age, male sex and greater BMI. Objective: To study Preoperative prediction of difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients and Methods: A total of 102 patients were enrolled to this study who were symptomatic, positive findings on clinical examination and ultrasound abdomen.

Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen causing UTI. Various virulence factors play role in pathogenesis of uropathogenic E. coli. The common virulence factors include surface hydrophobicity, colonization factor, capsule, serum resistance, resistance to phagocytosis, hemolysin, enterotoxin, siderophore production, fimbriae and hemagglutination. Multidrug resistance is increasing in E. coli and production of various beta lactamases pose a major problem for clinical therapeutics and contributes to the virulence.

Understanding the genetic diversity of rice and its population structure is a key to the sustainable in situ and ex situ management of genetic resources. In this study, the molecular analysis of 330rice varieties collected in 59 villages across Burkina Faso was undertaken, using 23microsatellite markers. These markers were found to be polymorphic with an average allele number of 9.4and a mean PIC per locus of 0.58, ranging from 0.034 (RM338) to 0.838(RM1). The 23 SSR markers were powerful enough to separate the two species (O. sativa and O.

Indigenous knowledge refers to the accumulation of knowledge, rule, standards, skills, and mental sets, which are possessed by local people in a particular area. Indigenous knowledge develops by indigenous people in the processes of their interaction with their environment and the science ethinomedicine developed gradually having its origin in the indigenous medicinal practices.

The current research investigates Comparison of inner to outer leaflet and outer leaflet density of arenaviruses. The results indicates that to understand the density of vesicles as compare to the arenaviruses, and the ratio of various vesicles was taken and plotted the transect plots. Here we are trying to make an assay to detect that how much protein is inserted in the membrane so I have looked at the vesicles from lots of different sources and groups. It was concluded that ratio of inner to outer is constant in vesicles.

The present study was undertaken on 120 farmers during 2015-16 in the hilly terrace of Mokokchung district of Nagaland. The study was undertaken to access the constraints faced by the off season cucumber growers of the said districts. Further, constraints was recorded in five sub categories viz., inadequate climatic conditions, technological constraints, infrastructural constraints, economical constraints and marketing constraints.

Mulberry silkworm, Bombyx mori is the preferred species for the production of silk cocoons. The quality of this species is generally affected by bacterial, viral, fungal and protozoan pathogens. Bacterial pathogens alone are responsible for causing cocoon loss to the extent of almost 70%. Antibiotics are widely and effectively used to control these pathogens affecting particularly Bombyx mori.

A substance which causes sadness to the world is also called as Visha (Poison). Plants are the prime source of medicine in Ayurveda. Several compounds have been isolated from medicinal plants and introduced for the service of mankind; however most of these medicines have been withdrawn due to their toxicity or side-effects. In Ayurveda, the very first stage of purification is called Shodhana. Chemical purification is different from this purification.

Pullur banda is a huge, natural, monolithic (Single rock) form and spread over above 100 acres at high altitude of Pullur village, Siddipet district, Telangana, India. It is one of the historical and archeological places of Telangana state. The present study carried out during monsoon season. Pullur Banda is wealthy of diversified plants from lower plants to higher plants and shows true plant diversity. The species of Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Angiosperms and Lichens are lavishly distributed on top of the rock as well as around of it.

Medicinal Plants Genetic Resources of Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary and adjacent areas were studied during the year 2016-17, which records an occurrence of 120 species of medicinal plants, of which herbs represent the highest number of species (103 species) followed by shrubs / shrublets (16 species). Trees were sparse in the area and only two tree species of medicinal value viz., Abies densa and Betula utilis were recorded. Enumeration of species includes scientific names along with common name(s), local name(s), family, part (s) used, uses and system(s) of medicine where they are used.

Organic farming is the need of the hour to sustain Agriculture. Organic manure and Organic fertilizer not only improves the quality of the Soil but also control all types of Pollution. There are several organic resources available for growing plants such as Natural Compost (Cow dung), Vermicompost, Panchakavyam, Fish Amino acid etc.

Introduction: Developing country most probably face the problem of lifestyle disorder disease in this situation India is second rank in diabetes Mellitus. Than review of Diabetes Mellitus to understand this disease in present study. Materials and Methods: References have been collected and relevant matter is compiled from available literature. Available commentaries of present era are also reviewed. All Compiled matter is reorganized and critically analyzed for the discussion and attempt has been made to draw some fruitful conclusion.

This study was aimed to assess the possible toxic effects and to identify the rough safety margin of lemongrass essential oil-water emulsion after single oral administration in mice. In this study, Swiss albino mice placed in nine groups each containing six animals were used. The eight treatment groups were administered with increasing doses of 0.5ml/kg to 4.0ml/kg body weight test doses spaced by 0.5ml/kg. The control group animals were received vehicle. In the two weeks period of acute toxicity evaluation, test doses below 2.5ml/kg body weight does not produce obvious toxic effects.

Nowadays the ecosystem is deteriorating thereby creating a lot of difficulties for the survival of life on earth. The scarcity of food and drinking water are the main problems. The Monsoon rain is wasted in the drains and river thereby reaching vast water bodies like lakes and oceans which are very far for reach by the inhabitants. Moreover our home ecosystem designed by our forefathers is spoilt nowadays by the descendants in dividing the land amongst the descendants. Our forefathers used to conserve the monsoon rain in a pond.

The microbiological quality of shellfish is dependent on the condition of the surrounding environment. Oysters are filter feeders that can accumulate pathogens from its surrounding waters, which can impose health risks once they are consumed. Microbiological monitoring of this bivalve is essential to ensure the quality and safety of these products. In this study, the microbiological quality of the oyster and the water growing areas in Dumangas, Iloilo, Philippines, was evaluated. The study was limited to the detection of pathogenic bacteria in oyster meat such as E.

This study was aimed to analyze the cases of vicariance from Acanthaceae family using the phytogeographic systems of Robyns (1948) for Central Africa and White (1979, 1986) for tropical Africa. It covered 9181 samples (48 genus, 310 species) harvested in DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. A geographic information system was used to produce the potential distribution maps. The uniformity of sampling density was assessed by the Pielou evenness index. It was observed that some of the phytogeographic territories have been explored more than others.

Chickpea is an important grain legume cultivated worldwide. Both desi and kabuli biotypes are widely used as prime source of protein in many countries of the world. A narrow genetic base is one of the major bottlenecks in chickpea improvement programs. Induced mutations can be an effective way to introduce variability in the existing germplasm/cultivars for their effective utilization in the breeding programs.

The objective of this investigation is the comparative study of antibacterial and antifungal potentials of citric acid and tartartic acid based nano composites on the growth inhibition of some important pathogenic fungi and bacteria in vitro. The study is to assess the antimicrobial activity and to determine the zone of inhibition of nanocomposites on some bacterial and fungal strains.

Vitex negundo Linn. is a large aromatic shrub distributed throughout India. Vitex negundo Linn. has also been extensively used in treatment of ailments as traditional medicine, folk medicine and pharmacological evidence. Traditionally the leaves of Vitex negundo Linn. are documented to possess antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antihistamine properties tonic, vermifuge.

A survey was carried out in four districts of North Karnataka to study the prevalence of Ixodid ticks infesting domestic animals. A total of 621 domestic animals were screened out of which in 360 animals were infested. Out of the five groups of domestic animals the infestation was maximum in Buffalo with 79.04% and minimum in Goats with 44.516%. Amongst the four ticks identified Hyalomma sp. dominated with 45.27% of infestation and Boophilus microplus with least infestation of 2.2%

Global climatic changes have led to alteration in earth’s capacity to sustain life. Melting of ice, rise in sea-level and increased ocean acidity have affected the entire aquatic ecosystem. Changes in water quality, as a consequence of storms, snow-melt, and periods of elevated air temperature exceeds the thresholds of tolerance, leading to altered distribution and phenology of species and productivity of aquatic ecosystems. Increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations alter ocean chemistry which affects the ecosystem structure and functioning.

The human beings have to pass through various changes and stages in their life time. Ageing and its physical and mental changes are so obvious and inevitable. Ayurveda being the science of life has thrown considerable light on the biology of ageing and related aspects. That knowledge is described under the discipline of Rasayana tantra. The medicine which is able to delay the ageing and cures diseases is called Rasayana.

Pollen morphology of eight species belongs to Minuartia L. from Iraq were studied by light and scanning microscope, M.aucheriana (Boiss.) Bornm., M.hamata (Hausskn.) Mattf, M.hybrida (Vill.) Schischk., M.intermedia (Boiss.) Hand-Mazz., M.meyeri (Boiss.) Bornm., M.montana L., M.picta (Sibth.&Sm.) Bornmand M.recurva (All.) Schinz & Thell. Pollen typepolyporate were recognized, pollen grains were spheroidal in all species. Exine was more thickness than intine.

Medicinal plants have been used for centuries as remedies for human diseases and continue to do important services at human being. These plants have served as a very important replacement for the resistant strains. Aqueous, chloroform and methanol extracts of Guibourtia ehie and Syzygium rowlandii were evaluated for phytochemical analyses, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by disc diffusion and microdilution assays. Antioxidant Activity Index (AAI) was determined for antioxidant activity evaluation.

Based on the density reference data of substances in the condensed state the results of concentration of electrons calculations (C electron, mole/cm3) and the coefficient of consolidation (K consolidation) for initial chemical elements and their binary compounds with nickel have been presented.

So far, the problem of harmful impact of vibrations on children when riding in safety seats in a car has not been sufficiently tackled. In the field of design of child safety seats, most effort was made to ensure safety during a collision because this is the main function of such seats. On the other hand, children significantly differ from adults in respect of their anatomy and physiology. The issue of the influence of vibrations on adult people’s bodies has been relatively well described, which is reflected in numerous normative acts having been adopted.

The sustainable development of construction sector has become very significant in the last decade. The reason behind this is resource consumption and impacts generated by the buildings. Green buildings have the potential to minimize the negative impacts on the environment and can offer healthy life to both occupants and construction employees.

A simple and effective RP-HPLC method had been developed for the estimation of Paracetamol and Etodolac in tablet dosage form, using Inertsil ODS C18 (250 x 4.6 mm, 5m.), mobile phase Acetonitrile and water (60:40), detection wavelength at 269 nm, at flow rate of 1ml/min at retention time 3.206 min for paracetamol, 4.825 min for etodolac. Linearity was obtained in the range of 18.46 µg/ml to 55.38 µg/ml for paracetamol and etodolac. The correlation coefficient was found to be 0.999 for the drugs. The Recovery studies were performed for paracetamol and etodolac in the range of 50% - 150 %.

In present work report our FTIR, XRF and XRD studies of various Traditional Bhasma consisting of Ca, Cu, Sn, As, Ag, Zn, S and Pb. The aim is to characterize these medicines using above techniques. We have also shown that for same element if method of preparation is different, FTIR pattern also show variation. These suggest that property of ‘Bhasma’ is influenced by host matrix in which it is present.

Electrical energy plays pivotal role to human advances in industry, smart city planning, food, agriculture, health and economic growth. The diminishing fossil/ bio fuel, coal, associated environmental issues and squat hydropower generation cannot level the increasing energy demand of modern man. To improve the lag, the renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, micro-hydel and geothermal etc. are to be harnessed. Solar photo voltaicmodules (SPVM) plants are proved popular and abundant source for generating huge electricity.

This paper deals with the technical details involved in the generation of power through wind technology. It discusses the factors responsible for generation of wind power and the limitations of the generator. While the emphasis is given on the ‘Variable speed constant frequency scheme’ used for production of electricity using wind power, the paper also gives insight into ac-dc-ac converters and energy storage methods.

Metal magnetic memory (MMM) testing technique is a novel testing method which can early test stress concentration status of ferromagnetic components. Adopting the combination method of experimental research and simulation analysis, and the influences of notch characteristics on magnetic memory signals were studied. In the experiment, the Q235 steel specimens with different defects were taken as the object of study, the mechanical characteristics of the static tension curve are studied, and the relationship between the magnetic memory signal with the tensile stress was studied.

In today’s online society, social media contains information to be connected with other people, to express themselves to a bigger audience or to gain all kind of relevant information from other users. Thereby, all these activities produce data, that is collected by the service providers. It is often not clear and it contain false information, noisy, unwanted information This is a big threat to the people. We don’t know in what extent a service provider makes use of this data.

This paper addresses the Case study on seismic analysis of high rise building system (Ground+ 3Basements+50) storey RCC by STAAD pro v8i with application of Indian standard provisions. One of the most frightening and destructive phenomena of a nature is a severe earthquake and it terrible after effect. It is highly impossible to prevent an earth quake from occurring, but the damage to the buildings can be controlled through proper design and detailing. Hence it is mandatory to do the seismic analysis and design to structures against collapse.

L-Histidinium 5 SulfoSalicylate crystal (LH5SS) was grown by a slow evaporation technique at ambient temperature. Solubility of LH5SS in aqueous solution was determined. Single crystal XRD revealed that compound crystallizes in monoclinic crystal system. Thermal stability of the grown crystal was studied by TGA– DTA analysis. The laser damage threshold value of LH5SS crystal was estimated to be 6.78x109 GW /cm2 using a Nd:YAG laser.

Two UV-absorbers, Tinuvin P, 2-(2-hydroxy-.5-methyl-phenyl)-2H-benzotriazole and Tinuvin 320 (benzotriazole of unknown formula) were used as active agents in this work. These were added in several amounts in water-based disperse ink-jet inks. The surface tension, pH, viscosity and conductivity of the prepared formulations were monitored over a period of 90 days in order to estimate the ink stability and the compatibility of the UV-absorbers with the ink constituents. The inks were used for ink-jet printing of polyester polyamide and polyacrylonitrile samples.

Customer service plays a vital role in any business especially the catering industry which is a “people” industry and so the main purpose of the study was to investigate the quality of customer service in catering establishments in and around the University of Cape Coast. Data was collected from 200 purposively selected regular restaurant customers of hotels and restaurants in and around Cape Coast using questionnaires with closed-ended items. Respondents were asked to rate their expectations prior to their visits and their actual experiences using a scale of 5.

School leaders occupy a very important position for influencing actions of other people in achieving desirable outcomes. Their leadership provides essential sense of direction in their organizations. Educational institutions in Africa, Kenya inclusive are marred by turbulent situations that disrupt the teaching and learning processes. This article examines the type of emerging turbulent situations existing in school organizations. It examines the different types of leadership styles adopted by school administrators to create order and address issues appropriately.

The government of Kenya recognizes the importance of special needs education as a crucial subsector for accelerating the attainment of Education for All (EFA) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This study sought to establish the effect of parental socioeconomic status on participation of pupils in special units in public primary schools in Kakamega County, Kenya through a descriptive research survey design. A sample of 226 was selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Data was collected using a questionnaire and document analysis.

This paper takes a look at the various roles of rural women in the use of medicinal plants in Kogi State, Nigeria. This is with a view to fashioning out strategies that can help to improve the involvement of rural women in the use of medicinal plants in the Study area. Five local government areas (LGAs) out of twenty one LGAs in the study area were randomly selected. Four villages were randomly selected from each of the selected LGAs to make a total of 20 villages. Ten rural women were randomly selected in each village to make a total of 200 respondents.

The study examined the relationship between supervisory leadership provided by Iganga General Hospital in Uganda and healthcare service delivery. The main objective was to examine the relationship between supervisory leadership practiced in the hospital and perceived healthcare service delivery in Iganga General Hospital.

The study investigated the relationship between the quality assurance function played by UNBS and consumer safety in Kampala, Uganda. The population comprised traders and business owners in the capital city and the sample consisted of business people who had licenses issued by the bureau in the Kikuubo area, where most of the trade for imported and manufactured goods in the city takes place.

Geology and geomorphological map is a very effective tool in management of natural resources and helps in various types of planning and developmental activities. In the present study, geomorphological map for the Thanjavur district was prepared using aerial photographs on 1:50,000 scale, satellite imagery of IRS-ID LISS III false colour composites, generated from bands, 2, 3 and 4 an SOl topographic sheets validated ground truth. Since large part of the study area is inaccessible, remotely sensed data have played an important role in detailed mapping.

Guidance and counseling service has essential role in supporting students take on suitable conduct in the school environment. The purpose of this study was to examine the status of guidance and counseling service in governmental public secondary schools in Ilubabor Zone, Mettu town, Mettu comprehensive and preparatory School in focus. The study employed a descriptive survey design. Target population was 1,375 which comprised of 1,327(Male=726, Female=601) grade 9-12 students and 48(Male=36, Female=12) teachers.

The present study aims at identifying the level of stress vulnerability prevalent among student teachers in colleges of education. The researcher followed phenomenological approach to generate data for the dependent variable by adopting a semi-structured interview. She also availed the services of the faculty dealing with the students to provide data for their teaching competence and interactive skills. Statistical techniques such as correlation, multiple regression analysis, and percentile analysis were employed to test the stated hypotheses.

Face to face communication is the primary means of communication. It is older than language itself. Verbal and non verbal communication, the two major ingredients of face to face communication. Messages are interpreted through verbal and non verbal cues. Generally, people focus more on verbal expressions than non verbal communication. But non verbal communication plays a major role in sending and receiving messages. Face to face communication is not simple as it appears to be, it evokes cultural and individual consciousness while exchanging messages and views.

Brick Industry is one of the informal/unorganized industries in India. This industry is booming with the expansion of real estate business. It is a labour intensive industry. The industry employs millions of workers. Sizable portions of the workers are women. They live in rural area and in poverty. At work place, they are exploited, deprived and do not get the status which the men workers enjoy. There are varied natures of problems the women workers are facing now. Their socio-economic conditions cause concerns.

The following article analyzes the term renewability or Sustainability through a documentary research of its antecedents. Therefore, it exposes the different conceptions of the term, under the viewpoint of several theorists, as well as the developments obtained by the UN (Organization of the United Nations), in its different assemblies and forums; which demonstrated that sustainability presents a framework of antecedents with proper characteristics of the context, in the different elements which make up the concept of sustainable development.

The relationship between sports and tourism is most definitely grinning momentum in both industry and academic domain of tourism studies. Sports sociology and sports Anthropology, sports tourism refers to travel which involves either observing or participating in sporting events staying a part from their usual environment. It is a first-growing sector of the global tourism industry and equates to billions of money. To begin with, the article deals briefly with the concepts of sports tourism and describes the current discussion concerning this field.

In this text I will focus on the study of the city of Aversa, a small town of 53080 citizens situated in the province of Caserta, in the region of Campania. It will be the opportunity to give prominence to a place that has a great artistic, cultural and architectural heritage, too often forgotten. The city is placed in the middle of a flat territory known as “Agro Aversano”, a great rural area of the ancient “Land of work”, also known as “Campania Felix”. The city was given by the count of Naples Sergio IV to the Norman Rainulfo Drengot and it was the first norman county in Italy.

Excess use of arsenic in drinking water over prolonged period leads to primary, secondary, and tertiary health impacts. Around forty percent of the district of Bihar is having arsenic in its groundwater. The causes of arsenic contamination are mostly through geogenic channel. The agricultural activity is being hampered due to decline in soil fertility, productivity, and, nuisance of food chain problem. Social problems like depression, suicidal tendency, and social ignorance are common, and, therefore, hinder the social and economic activity to the affected person.

Though the Internet provides a new means for conducting business but fundamental of doing business remain unchanged. The present study has designed to examine the marketing strategy on internet. For this purpose, it says that by integrating the Internet technology into the marketing strategy, business firms will be able to use the Internet as a tool to gain competitive advantage, this article explains Internet marketing mix, which consists five P’s: product, price, promotion, place and personalization.

Education plays a vital role in the development of any nation. Higher education is a powerful instrument for creating knowledge and information based society. The mission and vision of higher education is to educate, train, and undertake research activities and service to the community. Higher education is nothing but production and dissemination of knowledge. Therefore, the higher education is to be the best on both quantity and quality.

Dropping out is a phenomenon presented at different educational levels that make up the National Education System in Mexico. The economic factor is one of the main causes contributing dropping outs. As a result, this research’s main goal has to do with analyzing economic aspects as the main factor that contributes to dropping outs at upper levels in the Faculty of Educational Sciences in the Universidad Autónoma del Carmen, in the municipality of Carmen, Campeche, Mexico.

Albanian customary law includes the entirety of unwritten norms and rules, passed over generations, which have regulated social relations in a range of provinces of Albania. Albanian customary law is one of the oldest laws, which has also influenced the development and formation of later justice in the Albanian state. The Albanian customary law is divided into several codes (kanuns), the most well-known is the Code of Lekë Dugagjini, the Code of Skanderbeg, etc.

Water scarcity is an everyday problem in the city of Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India, and it greatly intensifies during the summers. The present survey was performed to understand the level of public awareness and the general perception of the residents of Gwalior with regard to water as a resource today and in future. A questionnaire comprising of 30 questions was given to the respondents to generate qualitative and quantitative data. The questions also asked for demographic background including age, gender, education and monthly income.

Railway as a mean of transport and communication played an important role in the developmental process of the society whether it is social or economic. It alters the travel habit of people, increase connectivity and accessibility; generate employment, tourism development and so on. Railway as an agency of development played an important role in the development of the tourism. Tourism is a largest growing industry in the world and had important connection with transport. As the State of Jammu and Kashmir is famous for touristic destination.

The predominantly paper based erstwhile environment all these contents were put tosimilar types of use, and copyright restrictions were imposed based on the quantum ofpages copied etc. In the electronic and digital perspective, owners of information areresorting to punitive measures regarding the use and contents in digital form. Some ofthe constraints faced by our libraries to engage in serious digital initiatives are three fold- that of money, manpower and contents.

Water scarcity is possibly to pose the greatest challenge because of its increased demand coupled with shrinking supplies due to over utilization and pollution. Water is a cyclic resource with abundant supplies on the globe. Approximately, 71 per cent of the earth’s surface is covered with it but fresh water constitutes only about 3 per cent of the total water. In fact, a very small proportion of fresh water is effectively available for human use. The availability of fresh water varies over space and time.

This study has been conducted to examine the mental maturity and self-actualization on teaching competency of second year D.T.Ed., students. Totally 72 teacher trainees has been taken from District Institute of Education and Training in Madurai district. The random sampling technique was used in this study. Self-actualization inventory was developed by Wilsow and Kneisl, (1983), mental maturity and teaching competency questionnaire prepared by the investigators were used in this study. Survey method was employed in this study.

The government of Kenya in partnership with religious sponsors, parents, politicians, Board of management and principals provide financial, human and physical resources to enhance education of girls and boys in schools. However with all these measures in place, girls in Siaya County schools performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education was generally low compared to national where few girls have featured in 100 best students.

The government of Kenya in Parents Teachers Association partnership with religious sponsors, Parents Teachers Association, politicians, Board of Management and principals provide financial, human and physical resources to enhance education of girls and boys in schools. However with all these measures in place, girls in Siaya County schools performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Examinations was generally low compared to national where few girls have featured in 100 best students.

Objective: To assess the effect of rehabilitation treatment on the sports function of patients with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Method: The author employs a randomized controlled approach with six months follow up Subjects: 30 patients within the age range of 02- to 54 Intervention: The experiment consisted of two groups: One group was involved in post-operative rehabilitation protocol while the other acted as control with traditional protocol. The patients were subjected to the experiment protocol for a maximum of one hour alongside medical treatment.

En guise d’illustration de jeux d’argent, il en existe une panoplie dont la roulette, notamment mentionnée dans Le Joueurde Fiodor Dostoïevski. Dans cette œuvre, le personnage principal, Alexeï, expose un revers de situation, occasionné par son addiction au jeu. Cela étant, il perdra à bien d’occasions ses gains, n’ayant pas su s’arrêter à temps. Dostoïevski présente ainsi les tensions qui habitent les joueurs de roulette, qui motivés par l’appât du gain, peuvent en de brefs instants gagner ou perdre des sommes colossales.

Wood biomass is an important item in development strategies of developed and environmentally aware societies as a renewable and environmentally friendly source of energy. However the knowledge and expertise of the essential parameters regarding this source is scarce. In nature, all biomass eventually decomposes to its elementary molecules with the release of heat. Therefore, the release of energy from the conversion of biomass into useful energy imitates natural processes (but at a faster rate), and this energy is a form of renewable energy.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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