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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

October 2017

Background: Burn wound care procedures lead to trauma and excruciating pain and this is associated with longer bed occupancy and poor outcomes. Burn cause a lot of pain in most circumstances and has not been sufficiently controlled leading to psychological consequences and poor wound healing.

Background: Work related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD’S) is a term used to describe a painful or disabling injury to the muscles, tenders or nerves aggravated by work. WMSD’S are preventable or at least can be delayed. To date, no systematic review of the literature on WMSD’S in pharmaceutical factory workers has been conducted.

Aim: To compare the efficacy of black coffee mouthwash and chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in prevention of gingivitis and plaque formation. Materials and methods: A total of 30 randomly selected subjects visiting the private clinic, were considered for the study. The gingival index (GI) by Loe and Silness was recorded which was followed by Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quigley Hein plaque index (TQHPI) at 0 and 15 days.

The World Health Organization defines an adverse drug reaction (ADR) as “a response to a drug which is noxious and unintended, and which occurs at doses normally used in man for the prophylaxis, diagnosis, or therapy of disease, or for the modification of physiological function.” The fact that drugs might have effects on humans other than the ones intended has been known for many years. The first remarkable adverse drug reaction (ADR) reported in Japan was anaphylactic shock caused by penicillin. The malformation of limbs, etc.

Introduction: Robotic guidance system is particularly useful in reaching and targeting complex lesions in critical or difficult to reach areas for CT guided procedures. Aims and Objectives: To perform a pilot study of CT guided biopsy using a new commercially available robotic guidance system on a group of challenging lesions. Methods and Materials: Six patients underwent the procedure using 18G coaxial biopsy needle, and ease, procedure time, radiation dose and success rates were evaluated by two operators.

This report and review of literature aimed to report a rare case of Familial Crouzon syndrome with primary optic nerve atrophy. . It is characterized by premature closure of cranial sutures, cranial deformities, midface hypoplasia, relative mandibular prognathism, hypertelorism, proptosis, strabismus and short upper lip, crowding of teeth and primary optic atrophy. We hereby report a familial case of a 16yr old girl and her father along with pedigree analysis of the trait.

Immunological infertility induced by antisperm antibodies (ASA) may interfere with fertilization or decrease the chances of pregnancy occurring. This study was conceived to determine the prevalence of ASA in the serum in infertile men and women and their relationship to semen quality. The study involved 209 infertile men, 212 infertile women and 114 fertile men and 118 fertile women as control. Sera were examined by the indirect spermmixed antiglobulin test (MAR )test and micro – titer tray agglutination test (TAT).

Background: One of long-term complication of diabetes mellitus is diabetic nephropathy, which affect kidney and other organs. Suggestion and evaluation of its early diagnostic markers is a goal of many researches to help in providing highly efficient biomarkers.

Introduction: The most advanced innovation in the last millennium was introduction of implants to dentistry. There were many advances from the onset to the current date in each and every aspect of implant dentistry. Among those advances some were a boon to the implant dentistry at the same time some were at the other side. However, implant success directly or indirectly relates when perfect pre-implant evaluation was made. Pre-implant evaluation can be done by several methods, of which radiography was widely used one because of its non-invasiveness.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss ways in which dentistry can be efficiently integrated with the general health care system to improve quality of care and save costs. Design/Methodology/Approach: The authors evaluated a possibility of improving patients’ outcomes and reducing costs via employing cell a phone technology-based approach to integration between dental care and the hospital-based health care system. Findings: Despite the huge implications of oral health on general health, the field of dentistry has remained somewhat isolated from the larger health care network.

To restore periodontal tissues that are lost through disease or trauma is the very rationalae of periodontal treatment. Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) technique has been applied for treating periodontal defects such as intrabony defects, furcation involvements. Outlook of periodontal regeneration has changed by incorporation of GTR concept and GTR membranes. Membranes are of several types used for regeneration. The concept that the fibroblasts from the periodontal ligament or undifferentiated mesenchymal cells can re-create the original periodontal attachment is well applied here.

Objective: Short-term evaluation of the changes in the position of permanent upper central incisors after rapid maxillary expansion. Method: This researchstudy comprised 33 mouth-breather patients with maxillary atresia, 9.51year-old average age, 2.32 standard deviation and age ranging from 6.5 to 14.7years of age. Patients underwent computed tomography in twostages: (T1) before rapid maxillary expansion and (T2) three months after rapidmaxillary expansion.

Aim: This research attempted to examine the effects of simulation-based education regarding knowledge and clinical performance ability on Endotracheal suctioning among nursing student. Design: A quasi experimental approach was used. The sample consisted of 12 numbers of nursing students and were selected by purposive sampling method. Results: The mean pre-test scores were 6.17 and 8.08 in the post-test. There was a statistically significant difference between the pre-test and post-test in the study group at p<0.05.

Background: The appropriate identification and treatment of mental disorders in adolescence provide teenagers with immediate positive benefits, and serve to counteract consequences such as poor academic performance, substance abuse and suicidal behavior. Objective: To screen for symptoms of negative emotional states among Saudi secondary school students in Jizan City. Subjects and Methods: Four secondary schools (two for boys and two for girls) were randomly selected. A total of 772 students were included (350 boys and 402 for girls).

Introduction: Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction and rapid prototyping, starting from computed tomography (CT), are promising technologies that can facilitate preoperative programming and intraoperative implementation, thus obtaining better results in complex fractures. Moreover, it is possible not only to simulate CAD reductions but also to design customized plates.

Neurosyphilis can have varied clinical manifestations. New generation physicians and neurologists may not be aware of the clinical manifestations of neurosyphilis. Here we report a case of neurosyphilis with optic atrophy and nystagmus misdiagnosed as spinocerebellar ataxia. This case underscores the importance of Serum VDRL test in patients with optic atrophy, nystagmus and cognitive decline.

The prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes has reached epidemic proportions. Worldwide, the number of people with pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance) in the age group 20–79 was 308 million in 2007, and is expected to increase to 418 million by the year 2025. Aims and Objective: To evaluate and compare the association of oral candida amongst 1. Smoker prediabetic. 2. Non-smoker prediabetic. 3. Controls. Materials and Methods: The sample size included 60 patients i.e. 20 smoker prediabetic, 20 nonsmoker prediabetic and 20 age and sex matched controls.

Background and Objectives: in Sudan, it is estimated that about 7 million people are infected with Schistosoma parasites, distributed all over the Sudan including even Khartoum state, the capital of Sudan. This retrospective hospital-based study aimed to examine immunohistochemical expression of p53 in urinary bladder mucosa associated with Schistosomiasis in Sudanese patients. Material and Methods: Thirty-five paraffin-embedded formalin-fixed archival tissue blocks of bilharzia-associated bladder lesions were included in this study.

Abstract: Mucormycosis is a significantly lethal infection affecting immunocompromised individuals. We report a case of Sino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis in a middle aged diabetic lady post renal transplantation. Materials and methods: A 47year old lady, diabetic since twenty years and underwent renal transplantation 6 months back for chronic renal failure, presented with history of loss of vision in the right eye of two hours duration. On examination, her vision was perception of light negative. She had total ophthalmoplegia and with severe proptosis.

Introduction: This study was undertaken to identify the maternal and fetal factors associated with intrauterine fetal death and its complications. This will be helpful in counselling of parents as well as formatting preventing measures. Material and Method: This is a retrospective study carried out over a period of one year at a tertiary care hospital. 50 cases of IUFD were studied and their details were collected from the hospital records. Inclusion criteria was all IUFD greater than 20 weeks of gestation.

Excess gingival display while smiling is one of the most common causes for unaesthetic smile. Altered Passive Eruption (APE) is a clinical situation in which there is a coronally situated Dentogingival complex and excess overlap of gingival tissue over the limits of dental crown, presenting the sensation of hidden tooth and is a frequent finding for the cause of excess gingival display. Perioplastic surgery can play a central role in the correction of such problem.

Introduction: Health care workers are occupationally vulnerable to many infectious diseases and accidents. Amongst the several infections, respiratory illnesses are more common, and also are responsible for sickness absenteeism and transmission of infections to patients. This study was done to estimate the prevalence of respiratory illnesses among nurses in a tertiary hospital. Methodology: The study was done on 514 nurses in the tertiary care hospital. All the nursing students were included in the study.

Surgical templates guide the proper and precise placement of dental implants. Conventional templates may lack stability and thus be less predictable than those fabricated using modern computer programs. But the computer generated surgical templates are expensive, and require specialized gadgets with trained personnel. Therefore a faster, economical and equally efficient technique is needed. This article illustrates a technique of fabricating a surgical template using easily available dental materials and simple instruments.

A one year old Sahiwal male calf was presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, CAU, Mizoram with a history of accidently consumption of lentena camara plant and showed the symptoms of dullness, depression, anorexia, lethargy, icteric mucous membrane and sluffing skin which was diagnosed as hepatogenous photosensitization. Haemato-biochemical analysis revealed anaemia, jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia.

In this paper a case of compound odontome is reported wherein it was associated with an impacted canine in the left anterior maxilla region.An 18 year old female came to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of K D Dental College, Mathura with a chief complaint of swelling and dull pain in the upper left front tooth region since one month. The compound odontome was surgically removed along with left impacted canine and the patient was followed up for 3 months.

Nano Technology is a potential tool that could help detect the molecular changes and assist in focusing on preventive efforts. Nanodentistry is an emerging field with significant potential to yield new generation of technologically advanced clinical tools and devices for oral healthcare. The growing interest in this field is giving emergence to new field called Nanomedicine, a science & technology of diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases and preserving & improving oral health using nanoscale structured materials.

Changes in aquatic ecosystems are resulting from human activities, for example domestical, agricultural and industrial discharges. Nowadays, conventional physical-chemical parameters are not suitable for hazard assessment anymore. The Quati River (Paraná, Brazil) is a very important river for the population of Cascavel city, and in 2011 was contaminated by a leak of industrial sewage. Since then, no environmental study was made on this river.

Frontal sinuses are paired lobulated cavities located posterior to the superciliary arches in the frontal bone and each frontal sinus opens in to the corresponding middle meatus via the infundibulum. Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the sizes and patterns of frontal sinus in both genders which can be used for personal identification.

Knowledge of root canal anatomy and their variation, straight line access to apical terminus, thorough cleaning and shaping with three dimensional obturation of root canals system are the keys to successful and predictive endodontics. Anatomical variations are more frequent in maxillary first molars in the form of additional canal, C-shaped canal configuration or fused roots but variation such as occurrence of Type I canal configuration is very rare in maxillary first molar.

Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune and neurological disorder. The disease can be identified by some early signs and symptoms like numbness, confusion and many others. If neglected can lead to progressive development of disease where based on the stage the disease is classified into four stages. Pathology and pathogenesis of the disease is discussed. Certain drugs which are approved by FDA are used in treating MS. Other than these drugs few monoclonal antibodies are also used. Use of stem cells in treatment of MS is found to be successful in animal models.

Oral Cancer is one of the major life threatening diseases of the modern world. However this disease is also preventable through early diagnosis and treatment. One of the ways is to promote health awareness through various campaigns and other such tools. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a branch that also deals with the diagnosis and the treatment of such a dreadful disease.

Condylar hypoplasia is a multifactorial bone disease characterized by underdevelopment or incomplete development of the mandibular condyle. Eagle’s syndrome refers to symptomatic elongation of the styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament with an unknown etiology. Hereby presenting a rare case of bilateral condylar hypoplasia with Eagle’s syndrome in a 31 year old male patient who reported with trismus and tenderness in the temporomandibular joint.

Summary: Biermer's disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of gastritis, various auto-antibodies including intrinsic antifactor antibodies and parietal anticellules and accompanied by malabsorption of vitamin B12. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective study between Janvier 2016to August 2017 at the department of internal medicine of the Saint-Louis regional hospital, Senegal. Results: A number of 23patients were retained for the study with a mean age 51.08 years and the sex ratio M/F at 0.53.

Aims and Objective:The impact of dengue on the communities affected largely depends on the presence of complicated cases requiring hospitalization and special care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a rapid intravenous infusion of methylprednisolone (MPDN) on mortality, complications, days of hospital stay, and recovery from thrombocytopenia in patients with type B dengue according WHO criteria (with warning signs) during an epidemic outbreak in Colima, Mexico.

Occupational dermatoses contribute to a significant portion of work-related diseases. Irritant contact dermatitis does not involve immunological factors, but results when repair capacity of skin is exhausted or when the penetration of chemicals excites an inflammatory response. Irritants affect everyone, though individual susceptibility varies greatly with regard to development. Plants in the Anacardiaceae family, which includes cashewnut tree, is a frequent cause of contact dermatitis worldwide.

Aim of this study was carried out to determine the concentration of ambient air quality of Karachi city in terms of Air Quality index (AQI). The data of air pollutants were collected from ten different parks and play grounds in residential, industrial and commercial areas of the city. The survey was carried out to evaluate the concentrations of atmospheric trace gases: sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and particulate matter (PM10) by sampling for a period of 24 hours in winter season of the year, 2014.

Production activities and rice processing are done in Benin with inefficient and strenuous traditional technologies. Bad threshing operation in Benin affects the quality of rice. This study aims at evaluating the technical and technological performances of the ASI axial flow thresher-cleaner in farmer’s field.

The present study is an attempt to investigate the action of supplementary feed on morphometry and digestive tract enzymes of Catla catla. Juveniles of healthy fish, Catla catla were collected from Fish farm. Fish artificial nutrients were clearly mixed in right proportion and allowed to dry for 24 hrs. Using a standard scale and measuring board, the morphometric characters were analysed. Digestive enzymes such as amylase, protease, invertase, lipase and maltase in both control and treated fish samples were tested adopting the standard methods.

The experiment was conducted on farm at Bure district of IluAbabor Zone, south westrn Ethiopia, to evaluate the adaptability and yield performance of improved maize varieties during 2016 of main cropping season. The treatment consisted of nine improved varieties namely BH661, BH547, BH546, Limu, G2, G3, MH140, MHQ138, M6Q and a Local cultivar were planted on (4.5m x 2.5m) plots at spacing of 75cm x 25cm. The experiment was laid in RCBD with three replications.

Uranium (U) tolerance potential of locally cultivated six legume crop species namely groundnut, greengram, bengalgram, redgram, cowpea and horsegram grown on U mill tailings was assessed to understand the impact of uranium on plant germination. Percent germination of seeds, plant growth parameters and protein profiles were analyzed using biometry and Electrophoresis methods. Plants were grown on U mill tailings for 30 days under controlled environmental conditions before the analysis.

One of the major problems encountered in greenhouse establishments is the ventilation and cooling processes of greenhouses. Natural ventilation employed in greenhouses is generally not sufficient. Compulsory ventilation applications should be provided to enhance the volume of ventilation. However, compulsory ventilation cannot be applied in greenhouses due to their location at countryside and lack of electric energy. This energy problem can be solved with the use of solar panels in greenhouses.

The present paper reports such medicinal plants which are usually practiced by the Korku tribe from the southern Melghat of Buldana district in the treatment of hepatic disorders. The tribal communities inhabiting in southern Melghat of Buldana district rely mostly on the ethno-medicinal plants for curing common as well as chronic diseases. Now a days, the medicinal plants offers genuine plant materials for using it in the formulation of drugs and also alterative for traditional medicines.

The aim of the study was to investigate anti-genotoxic effect of TiO2 nanoparticle biosynthesized from Turbinaria conoides. Genotoxicity studies were conducted for screening of Mutagenicity using Ames test, direct plate incorporation method using tester strain of Salmonella typhimurium viz., TA 98 and hence to prove this as an anti-genotoxicant. The Mutagenicity assay was performed with 3 dose levels (0.312, 0.625, 1.25, 2.5 and 5.0 mg/ml) using all two tester strains without metabolic activation system (S9 fraction).

This paper focuses on the application of the usual approach for the environmental assessment of sites which are the subject of a real estate transaction or which are brownfields. The existing Romanian legislation in this field must to be completed with other available regulations.In addition, the success of the approach is provided by a rich professional experience of the environmental assessors involved. The case study presented in this paper refers to the approach taken to investigate and quantify their potential historical pollution for a former industrial land with an area of 8840 m2.

Wide diversity of β-lactamases causes resistance to third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs) in uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) the frequently encountered nosocomial pathogen creating treatment complications. In the present study incidence of OXA type ß-lactamase in 3GC resistant UPEC was explored. Phylogenic background and genetic relatedness between the isolates was also analyzed. 40.5% E. coli resistant to 3GCs were isolated from 190 urine culture positive samples from hospitalized patients clinically diagnosed for urinary tract infection (UTI).

Zingiber Officinale is a used in the regular diet in many asian countries. Chemical analysis of ginger shows that it consist of more than 400 different compounds. In the present study, antimicrobial activity of aqueous, ethanol and acetone extracts of Zingiber Officinalewere evaluated against S. aureus (ATCC 25923) and E.coli (ATCC25922). Ethanol extract demonstrated a higher antibacterial activity than the acetone and aqueous extract. These extracts were prepared from fresh Ginger rhizomes.

Sugarcane crops are cultivated in nearly all tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide andhave a prominent position in the agricultural scenario in Brazil. However, viral diseases can threaten the production of this important commodity leading to large production losses. In the present study, we evaluatedthe reaction of 20 sugarcane genotypes independently inoculated with two different strains of Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) isolated from naturally infected sugarcane (SCMV-SGC) and maize (SCMV-MZ). The maize inbred line L19 was used as a control of susceptibility to the SCMV-MZ strain.

The livestock plays an important role in the economy of farmers. The farmers in India maintain mixed farming system i.e. a combination of crop and livestock where the output of one enterprise becomes the input of another enterprise thereby realize the resource efficiency. The livestock serve the farmers in different ways-income, employment, food, social security, draft and dung. Cattle rearing is an important economic activity in India. Milk and milk products (butter, ghee etc) meat, eggs, leather, and silk are raw materials for industries. Its for our children, milk is a good food.

The present investigation was carried out to study the effect of different growth regulators on propagation of Chinese juniper (Thuja chinensis L) in subtropical zone of West Bengal under natural ventilated polyhouse at Instructional farm of Jaguli, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal, during 2014-15 and 2015-16.

A study was conducted on physico-chemical parameters and heavy metal contents of water from the selected area of Buriganga and Balu River of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Four physico-chemical parameters such as pH, electric conductivity (EC), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and six heavy metals like Fe, Zn, Cd, Cr, Hg and Pb were investigated to assess water quality of these rivers on April-May, 2016.

Ludwig’s angina is a form of severe diffuse cellulitis that presents as acute onset rapidly progressive disease involving sublingual, sub mental and submandibular spaces. Ludwig’s angina is observed frequently in today’s practice. Our study aims to observe causative factors, clinical presentations and treatment modalities. We carried out study on 32 patients who presented to department of ENT and Head-Neck surgery, of a tertiary care hospital in Haryana from1st January 2017 to 30th June 2017.

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a well-structured method usedto estimate the environmental impacts associated with the full life cycle of product, service, or system. To effectively analyze products, a cradle-to-grave approach is used, from the acquisition of the raw materials to final disposal. LCA studies offer an overview of the associated environmental impacts, which can be used for sustainable improvements, policy making and marketing purposes.This LCA study compares two renewable energy technologies, a 2.0-MWwind turbine and a 570 kWp photovoltaic system.

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the usage of contextual teaching and learning with students’ achievement in mathematical education. The study was conducted in Madrasah Ibtidayah Negeri (a private Islamic primary schools) in South Jakarta. A quantitative inquiry method was used in this study by applying a quasi-experimental form of analysis. The data on mathematics learning process and students’ achievements were gathered using questionnaires. Then, the data was analysed using inferential analysis through correlation and regression analysis.

As the digital world is growing with various kind of data like text file, image, video. Out of those image plays an important role in different field such as remote sensing, social media, etc. So the image quality is maintained by Digital image processing on various issues. This paper gives a brief survey of image data hiding techniques for various environmental scenes. Image analysis features are described in this paper with there requirements.

In many application and industries it is required to monitor the electrical and physical conditions around electrical equipment. But it is very difficult to monitor all the parameters of multiple equipment systems at different places far away simultaneously. Here, the system monitors the parameters like pressure, gas, temperature, etc. and transmit the parameters to a Raspberry Pi through Serial Protocol, SPI. The Raspberry Pi then uploads the received values to the embedded web server named Apache server embedded in it.

Web semantic metadata rules-based harvesting became is an important challenge due to validation of the semantic metadata and the amount of web sites that are rich knowledge sources. Indeed, extracting useful information from the web is the most significant issue of concern for the realization of semantic web; this may be achieved by several ways among which web usage mining, web crawling and scrapping and semantic annotation plays an important role. In this paper, a semantic web metadata harvesting and enrichment model, called Semantic Universal Knowledge Model (SUKM).

The concept of bi-ideals for near- rings was introduced by T.Tamizh Chelvam and N.Ganesan [6]. Subsequently the notion of quasi ideals and bi-ideals in Г-near-rings was introduced by T.Tamizh Chelvam and N.Meenakumari [7]. An interesting special case of bi-ideals is given by the quasi-ideals of Steinfeld [5]. The concept of Г-seminear-rings was introduced by Kyung Ho Kim [3]. In this paper we introduce the notion of semigamma quasi-ideals, semigamma bi-ideals and b-simple Г- seminear-rings.

The mixed polycrystalline ferrites 〖Li〗_0.5(1-x) 〖Zn〗_x 〖Fe〗_(2.5-0.5x) O_4 were prepared by the conventional solid state method using high purity metal oxides ZnO,〖Fe〗_2 O_3 and LiCO_3for different concentration of Zn2+ions. Double probe electrode method was used to study the AC properties: the AC electrical conductivity (σ), the dielectric constant: real(ε'), imaginary (ε'') and complex (ε*), and the dielectric loss tangent (tan δ) over therange of the appliedfrequency (f=1 KHz-5 MHz)at room temperature.

Traditional Metal Matrix Composites on micron scale offer opportunities to tailor material properties such as hardness, tensile strength, ductility, density, electrical and thermal resistance, wear strength. After the advancement of nanotechnology, it was applied on traditional metal matrix composites and with this vision, MMC on Nano-scale has overcome all the limitations of traditional MMC. For example Carbon Nanotubes exhibit ultrahigh strength and modulus. In the past decades many research work has done in polymer matrix Nano-composites and have various applications.

In the manufacturing world now we need some ‘Intelligent’ or Smart materials which can change their property according to our requirement. Smart materials are one of the unique material and the general characteristics of all these materials are common that is their behaviour or significant property can be altered, reversed or controlled under the influence of external impetus. Their smartness can be characterized by its self-adaptability, self-sensing and self-healing in response to any external stimuli.

Face image annotation refers to automatically assign labels to objects in a face image. Assigned labels may be gender, age, name, etc. For annotating the human faces, wide variety of algorithms and techniques are used in computer vision. In this paper, a real time face image annotation system which involves face detection, gender and age identification is proposed. For detection of human faces in an image Viola and Jones Object detection technique is used. For the detected human faces, features are extracted using the process of Local Binary Pattern.

In this paper, we study Fuzzy set orders that compare the variability or the dispersion of Fuzzy Measures. The most important and common order that has studied in this paper are the fuzzy set order and the dispersive order. We also study in this paper the excess wealth order which is found to be useful in the increasing order of application. Various related order are also examined in the paper.

The study has been undertaken to investigate the utility of artificial neural networks (ANNs) for comparison of weekly values of pomegranate evapotranspiration (ETp) estimated by ETr and Kc approach and that of estimated by ANNs for 1st to 5th year pomegranate orchards. Feed forward network has been used for prediction of ETr using resilient back-propagation method. For the purpose of this study, the meteorological data of 25 years from 1983 to 2007 were used as input.

The study was carried out for Hasta bahar of pomegranate for optimum production of pomegranate for Solapur district in the semi-arid zone of Maharashtra. Generally, for crop planning, rainfall analysis and water balance studies are required to determine drought investigation, water requirement, and water surplus/ deficit. Rainfall is the major determinant of pomegranate production, especially in rain fed areas because the contribution of rain fed horticulture is almost half to the national production.

Requirement engineering is the important phase in software development life cycle process. The objective of requirement engineering is to discover and collect the functional requirements and non-functional requirements. The requirement engineering performs the critical role in analyzing and prioritizing the McCall’s quality factors based on its necessity and feasibility. Requirement engineering makes complex decisions about the requirements prioritization in software development process to maintain the quality software.

Rural Savings and Credit Cooperatives ( RuSACCOs) are important financial institutions in remote villages of Ethiopia offering avenues for savings and credit for farmers and the poor. This study was undertaken in Boloso Sore district (woreda) of the Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia. From six RuSACCOs, 116 farmer-members were selected as respondents. Both primary and secondary data were collected. The specific objectives of the study were to assess the level of cash- savings of the farmers in RuSACCOs.

A number of studies have been carried out on sources of stress focusing on general prevalence rather than specific dimensions of the various sources of stress and their consequences along with coping mechanisms. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess perceived sources, consequences and stress coping mechanisms among first year regular undergraduate students’ of Wolkite University. Three hundred and twenty nine (329) first year students were selected from all colleges using multi-stage stratified sampling techniques.

The present study is initiated to determine the local consumer awareness on the consumer rights and protection act; it is still a common practice that businessmen exploit the consumer with regard to quality, quantity, weight, price and the related factor involved in the daily business transaction. Ignorance is one of the prominent factors contributing in the exploitation of rural masses. Hence, keeping in view the vital goal of consumer welfare, grass root level survey has initiated to observed, understand and analyse the behaviour of the rural consumers with particular to weaker section.

In human societies, body plays a social role which authenticates its existence and gives it a true meaning. As such, body reveals as a cultural element which enables a social group to identify itself. Amos Tutuola represents body in his writing to highlight the intrinsic relationship between the visible world and the invisible one. In this view, the body of the main character, the wino, follows the way which society imposes it. Here, the impulses of the body force the protagonist to cross the insurmountable boundary which separates the two worlds.

This study was carried out on financial performance evaluation of banks in Ado Ekiti. Its main objective was to compare and examine empirically, the performance of the commercial banks in Ekiti State, Nigeria, in terms of liquidity. The five selected banks are WEMA bank, Zenith bank, UBA, Fidelity Bank and GTBank. The financial ratio analysis was used to determine the performance of each of the banks and also to evaluate the managerial performances. The analysis shows that there are significant differencesin the performances of the banks.

The focus of this paper is to highlight the various manifestations of intonation patterns to declarative questions by Kenyan speakers of English who use English as a Second Language (ESL). Specific references are made to two ethnic groups (Bukusu and Nandi), who produced maximally distinct accents during the pilot study. The paper describes the range of intonation patterns that exist among Bukusu and Nandi ESL speakers and further establishes whether there are features of intonation that distinguish the two groups.

Kaya Muhaka Forest in the Kenyan Coast is one of the remaining lowland forest patches belonging to Zanzibar-Inhambane vegetation mosaic of Eastern Africa, which are rich in endemic and threatened flora and fauna. Although gazetted and protected as a national monument, the forest biodiversity is still endangered. This research attempted to establish the Diversity of flora along disturbance gradient ranging from the forest core to the agro-ecosystems of the forest.

Traditional medicinal plants are highly decreasing due to different threatening factors in Ethiopia. The present study was conducted in Gechi and Chewaka, Southwest Ethiopia. The study was conducted with 120 informants randomly selected from 12 kebeles selected by random sampling techniques. Data were collected using structured questionnaire, interview and group discussion. Furthermore, field observation based on a checklist was used. A total of 61 species categorized under 34 families were recorded.

Background/Objective: The aim of this research is to determine the effects of Pilates exercises on balance in females. Methods: Sixty sedentary women volunteers (mean age = 34.67 ± 10.41 years; height = 158.75 ± 4.68 cm; weight = 76.22 ± 11.94 kg) participated in this research. Each subject was randomly allocated to the Experimental Group (EG=30) or the Control Group (CG=30). The EG performed the Pilates exercise program.

Banking system occupies an important place in nation’s economy and it plays a pivotal role in the economic development of a country. Digitalization is the integration of digital technologies into everyday life and the digital revolution in banking has only just begun. Today we are in phase one, where most traditional banks offer their customers high-quality web and mobile sites or apps.

SAP is one of the most notable Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solution. The uniqueness of SAP is that its various business process is seamlessly integrated. For an example, person posting goods receipt at warehouse is expected to impact financial accounting such as inventory account and account payable account. In normal case, warehouse management system generate message to post appropriate accounting entry in financial applications. In case of SAP, this posting happens in seamless way. The moment warehouse user post goods receipt in system, the financial entry posted.

The aim of this research is to check if a hairstyle is an entity that abounds richness, identity and expression in its space of evolution. Indeed, a hairstyle is a means by which a person seeks identity, a way of life, a cultural value, consideration and dignity.

Organizational culture plays an important role in the survival and development of organizations in general and airlines in particular. This research aims at identifying organizational culture model of Vietnam Airlines, the national airline operating under the model of traditional airline in Vietnam. By selecting the methodology and surveying 240 employees working at Vietnam Airlines, the result of analysis shows that the employees of Vietnam Airlines evaluated the levels of organization of Vietnam Airlines is quite good.

The range of business ethics issues is very much prevalent in today’s corporate scenario. This concept is not only limited to one field but it covers many fields viz accounting & finance, sales and marketing, human resource management and so on. The various issues addressed in the above mentioned fields are business decision making and moral principles, role of moral leadership in business, types of white collar and corporate crimes etc.

Incessant stock market failures and waning domestic investor’s confidence in Nigerian capital market as well as foreign portfolio investors activities have generated contentious views among capital market stakeholders necessitating critical investigations.

The present study is related to attitude of the secondary school teachers towards information technology in relation to their gender and locality. Descriptive Survey Method was used by the investigator. The random sampling technique was exercised in the selection of sample, which comprised 50 male and 50 female secondary school teachers. 10 secondary schools (5 from rural and 5 from urban area) were selected from that district of Ludhiana (Punjab) that districts randomly selected. After that, 100 secondary school teachers 10 from each school (5 male and 5 female) was selected randomly.

This study identifies the factors that affect people's satisfaction with the bus service in Ho Chi Minh City by empirical research.From the research model and surveying of 620 people, the results of the analysis show that the satisfaction of people about the bus service in Ho Chi Minh City depends on many factors such as communication, sale system, the service of bus service staff, the route network system, the bus and bus infrastructure.

This paper describes of about voice recognition controllable robotic vehicle which works by virtue of human voice commands for remote area operations. It is a mobile robot whose motions can be controlled by user using specific voice commands. The specific commands are firstly to be registered in the database & then after processing the speech commands, the necessary motion instructions are to be given to the mobile platform via Radio Frequency link. The following paper carries the detailed information of the prototype of the robotic vehicle.

This paper argues that intercultural exchange projects can play an essential role in relation to augmenting students’ communication skills in English as a foreign/second language (EFL/ESL). To achieve the intended aim, the paper reports on a three-year research project which was conducted at a private university in Dubai where the researcher works, in collaboration with the researcher’s project’s partner in Bonn, Germany.

Literature is the mirror to life and society. It depends upon the writer where he places the mirror. From time to time writers have been exploring the various dimensions of the relationship between man and society. The paper is an attempt to study about Aravind Adiga’s The White Tiger in political corruptions, marginalization of poor people, identity, and inferiority complex higher class society over lower class. It also talks about how corruption corrupts the mind of common people. The animality and human identity were use of animal imagery in novel.

People analytics is a relatively new aspect of Business Analytics and this paper deals with the implementation of people analytics in a small-scale retail organization over a period of 4 months. The small-scale Retail organization, the subject of the study faces issues such as High Working hours, Employee Churn, End of Month Sales bulk up which are dealt with using a People analytics approach as Employees are the pillar of any organization. The aspects of data extraction using surveys to find Organizational network analysis, data preparation to remove outliers are discussed.

This study explores the business strategies of family firms and investigates the association between business strategies and firm life cycle. The data employed in this study are drawn from the Australian Centre for Family Business and the centre has collected the data from family firms located in all states and territories of Australia by a questionnaire.

Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a common and usually a contagious disease caused by the bacterium bartonella henselae It is most commonly found in children following a scratch or bite from a cat in the household within about one to two weeks. The current best diagonstic tool is the Polymerised chain reaction which gives accurate results within a short span of time. The preferred antibiotic for treatment is azithromycin since this agent is the only one studied in a randomized controlled study.

Background: Gallstone disease is one of the most common problems affecting the gastrointestinal tract and the most common biliary pathology, gallstone induced complications have a limited and overlapping pattern of clinical presentations Objective: To evaluate the modalities of clinical presentations of gallstone disease with its incidence among different age groups with their management and outcome.

Low back pain has been growing musculoskeletal disorder. In previous studies it has been stated that, “Fear voidance belief have been hypothesized as most important psychological factor in predicting disability among patients with low back pain”. In order to provide effective rehabilitation it is necessary to explore both physiological and psychological factors. In this experimental study, 30 individuals were included according to inclusion criteria and divided in 2 groups, group A : control group (15) and group B : experimental group (15).

Osteoporosis, also known as the silent disease, occurs in women and men, and is associated with a loss of bone mass and increased risk of fracture. With aging there is a loss of bone mass and bone strength But does that mean that osteoporosis is a disease characteristic of aging, or that its incidence increases in old age? Data on prevalence of osteoporosis among women in India come from studies conducted in small groups spread across the country with 230 million Indians expected to be over the age of 50 years in 2015, 20% are osteoporotic.

Background: The overwhelming majority of fungal infections of the urinary tract are caused by Candida species, and they usually present as complicated nosocomial infections. Colonization of the bladder most commonly is a complication of prolonged catheterization of bladder in a patient receiving antibiotics Objectives to assess the significance of candiduria in catheterized patients admitted in ICUs, to study the significance of speciation of candida isolates and determine the predominant Candida species.

Background: Iron deficiency anemia is most common nutritional deficiency in pregnant women due to increased iron turnover and additional requirement by fetus. Glycemic index is popularly measured by assessing glycated proteins. HbA1c is affected by several factors including pregnancy. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and glycated protein (HbA1c).

Acquisition of bowel and bladder control is one of the milestones of child development and one of the major challenges that a child will have to face, since in addition to requiring physical control of bowel and bladder sphincters, it is also necessary to adapt to the social and cultural values of the environment in which the child is living. The study aimed to find out the knowledge of mothers regarding toilet training.

This study examines the applicability and significance of adopting self-assessment EFQM excellence model in Sudan Airways company to improve its competitiveness and to increase its market share. Self-assessment has wide applicability to both small and large firms, public or private. Organizations often use the model as basis for operational project review. They are increasingly using results of self-assessment as part of their business planning process. The EFQM excellence model is a framework for assessing applications for European Quality Award.

Children with disabilities while at school due to mainstreaming worldwide face many challenges. Mbale District, Uganda is not an exception. These challenges hinder their ability to participate actively in their education. The consequences are that they underperform or drop out of school all together. The many challenges faced include discrimination, negative attitude of teachers and normal fellow children, unsupportive roles of parents, lack of specialized services, unfriendly environment and infrastructure.

In the contemporary world; Information and communication technology plays a vital role in enlargement of knowledge, skills and talent of youth of this 21st century. Now a day, Modern Technologies become more affordable, accessible in the larger section of country and serve as the mediator to form interactive learning with students’ participation. Therefore, technology is to be treated as learning process which unlocks the value of time and providing information to a facilitator where students are encouraged to explore for more information.

The use of benzodiazepines (BZDs) to control anxiety and insomnia is indicated for treatment of a maximum of four weeks, since the prolonged use of this medication generates adverse effects that increases the cases of accidents, reduces coordination, causes amnesia, sedation, dependence, tolerance. BZDs act on the central nervous system by modifying psychomotor and cognitive factors; they are medicines used for anxiety, sleep problems, depression and seizures. However, these medications end up causing dependence, and a dose increase is necessary to achieve its therapeutic effect.

Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is the important techniques in 4th Generation Long Term Evolution (LTE). Now the work is going on to for 5G. OFDM provides high reliability, high data rate, speed and robustness. But, there are some drawbacks in OFDM to minimize the efficiency of the communication system. One of the drawback is loss of Orthogonality in between the subcarriers there is intercarrier interference (ICI) and intersymbol interference (ISI) and this is over come by cyclic prefix. So, cyclic prefix will consume 20% of bandwidth.

Immunizations is one of the most successful and core effective public health investigation to bring healthy future generation. Though India had implemented the universal immunization schedule, the magnitude of its coverage is yet poor. The predominant reason for non-immunization is lack of knowledge and awareness among caretakers. Aim: The study aimed to assess the level of knowledge regarding immunization among mothers of under five children in OPD, Primary Health Centre, Abhishegapakkam, Puducherry. Methods: A descriptive design was utilized for the study.

The present investigations were carried out on seasonal abundance of neem looper, Cleora cornaria (Geometridae, Lepidoptera). It was feeding mainly on green leaves and tender branches of neem trees at Talwandi Sabo (Bathinda), Punjab. The results obtained during investigation shown the significant correlation between adult population and maximum-minimum temperatures. The increasein relative humidity and rainfall during June- July leads to decrease in the adult population of C. cornaria. Hence, this information will be helpful in development of proper management practices against C.

Of the estimated 55000 cases of Rabies deaths in the world, 20000 occur in India. Even in the second decade of the 21st Century there is no chemotherapeutic available for Rabies, a disease that finds a mention in Ayurveda. The present study was undertaken to assess the in vitro anti rabies virus activity of Mangifera indica (Mango), Aegle marmelos (Bael) and Ricinus communis (Eranda). Methanol extracts of the leaves from these plants were prepared using the Soxhlets apparatus. Total proteins were extracted using commercially available kit.

Interest rates are typically determined by the supply and demand for money in the economy. If at any given interest rate, the demand for funds is higher than supply of funds, interest rates tend to rise and vice versa. In Rwanda Interest rates change in response to a variety of economic events including changes in government policy, crises in domestic and international financial markets and changes in the prospects for long-term economic growth and customer attributes. The interest rates in Rwanda remain high, despite central bank’s efforts to reduce the key repo rate.

Hepatic hydrothorax is defined as a unilateral and mainly right-sided pleural effusion, showing a transudative pattern, non-justified by any secondary causes. Rarely, it may occur independently from and concomitantly with a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with or without pulmonary metastasis, keeping its transudative features.

Complications are the integral part of any minor and major oral surgical procedures but with a detailed and proper medical case history and consultation a majority of such complications can be avoided. We present here the management of post-operative bleeding after a simple tooth extraction performed by a local dentist who did not give any importance to a thorough clinical history taking procedure.

Dark chocolate is made from the seed of the cocoa tree which is loaded with nutrients that can positively affect your health and lower the risk of heart disease. Dark chocolate is one of the best sources of antioxidants on the planet which contains 12.5 % flavonoids quite higher than green tea & red wine. Flavonoids include a huge group of naturally occurring organic compounds containing antiallergic, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. Many studies have shown that there is a strong association between flavonoid intake and the long-term effects on mortality.

Dentistry has incorporated a lot of newer technological advancement to benefit both dentist and patients. In this modern technological era, lasers offer dentist a door to its rewarding, high tech and potentially profitable arena. Currently, various types of laser are available based on their applications. This article explains the basic principle, mechanism and interactions of laser and also its application in dentistry.

Aims: The Aim of this study was to evaluate the tensile bond strength between addition silicone medium body impression material and two different tray material (auto and light polymerizing) after application of various types of adhesives on the samples of tray materials. Methods and Materials: Eighty flat, squares, resin plates were fabricated with auto and light polymerizing tray material & a hexagonal lock nut was reinforced with it. Tray adhesives was applied & medium body addition silicone impression material was injected into the gap of 3mm between the two plates.

Ligation is adaptation of the wire to the bracket slot in order to move the tooth. Usually Metal or elastics are used for this purpose. A voluminous knowledge is required for the placement of ligatures in order to make better and faster treatment. This article gives an insight to the different ligation technique and each to be applied at given situations for the benefit of the treatment result.

Over the past ten years, infant mortality and neonatal mortality rates in Gaza Strip had an increasing trend despite all the efforts that were done to reduce it. This study aimed to examine the effects of exposure of Palestinian refugee women to psychosocial stressing factors during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy and consequently their birth outcomes in Gaza Strip. A prospective cohort study was applied on 500 pregnant (aged above 18 and less than 39) women in their third trimester attended eight health centers to receive antenatal care using an interview questionnaire.

Our society gives high value to the personnel appearance of a person. The dentist plays an important role in fulfilling the patients expectation. With the advancement of new techniques and materials, wide varieties of treatment options are available to the dentist in restoring and improving the patients smile. There are various proportions and analysis which aids the dentist in achieving it. The analysis of surrounding soft tissues also plays a major role in achieving a pleasing smile.

Background: Several surgical modalities were advocated to improve the results of hemorrhoidectomy. Ligasureis one of the recent techniques to optimize the outcome of hemorrhoidectomy. But until now, conventional Milligan and Morgan diathermy hemorrhoidectomy is still the standard operation. Our aimin this study is to answer the question, does the use of Ligasure improve the outcome of hemorrhoidectomy in comparison with the conventional hemorrhoidectomy?. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective comparative multicenter study.

Background: Periodontal diseases are oral disorders characterized by inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth. The aetiology of periodontal diseases is multifactorial. The effects of various psychosocial factors such as emotional stress, a high level of work stress, dissatisfaction at work or stress from unemployment have been the focus of several investigations on oral diseases. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease and job satisfaction in rural area of India.

Direct composite restorations are used very commonly due to its availability, high strength and excellent aesthetics. Early composites were weak and suitable only for anterior restorations. Current composites are highly aesthetic and offer high strength for their intended purposes. Aesthetic restorations always play an important role for emotional and psychological well-being of the individual. In the present article, an aesthetic rehabilitation of maxillary right and left central incisors with dislodgement of filling material restored with Direct Composite resin is presented.

Promotion and provision and maintenance of one’s health is one of the basic need for development in societies. In society it is important that the entire student be mentally healthy. Among all students of medical science especially nursing students are usually go through various kinds of stress and anxiety in their clinical areas.

Appendectomy remained standard treatment for acute appendicitis even after two centuries of chance appendectomy. Conventional appendectomy with standard Grid Iron incision in the era of minimally invasive surgery is loosening its essence. In low resource conditions when laparoscopic facilities are not available, mini appendectomy can be practiced as standard treatment to decrease morbidity of conventional appendectomy. Present study was conducted in Postgraduate Department of Surgery, Govt. Medical College; Jammu, over a period of 04 years from January 2013 to December 2016.

Objective: Present study was carried out to evaluate and compare the efficacy of three most commonly used disinfectants on irreversible hydrocolloid material. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 alginate disks with 13mm diameter and 2mm height were prepared with irreversible hydrocolloid material. These specimens were divided into four groups (n=15), i.e, Group A Distilled Water, Group B Sodium Hypochlorite, Group C Glutaraldehyde and Group D Iodophor. All alginate specimens were contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus strain for 1 min.

Introduction:- Prescription writing is “a written order, which includes detailed instructions of what medicine should be given to whom, in what formulation and dose, by what route, when, how frequently, how long.”Most of the time dental treatments require prescription. The study mainly focuses on assessment of prescription writing skills of interns, post-graduate students and faculty member of a dental college.

Acute cholecystitis is a relatively common complication of gallstones It can lead to significant morbidity and mortality from potentially life-threatening complications such as empyema, gallbladder gangrene and gallbladder perforation It presents as a surgical emergency and usually requires hospitalization for management Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is advocated for acute cholecystitis; laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common surgical operation done by surgeon has become the gold standard in the treatment of symptomatic gallstones..The introduction of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in

Background: There was limited data on assessment of quality of life in patients reporting breakthrough symptoms of acid related illness, as well as their responses to recommended adjunctive measures. Objective: To identify appropriateness of acid suppressant drugs in hospitalized patients and to gain a better understanding of attitudes towards PPIs and H2 receptor blockers and usage patterns of these agents in individuals prescribed for acid related illness.

Tuberculosis is still a health problem of global concern, WHO estimates that there is two millions deaths annually and eight millions new cases of TB and encourages all countries to adopt all strategies to control TB and Directly Observed Therapy Short Term (DOTS) is one of these strategies. Therefore, the kingdom of Saudi Arabia adopted the implementation of DOTS in 2000 at facility level and then at community level in 2013. This is a descriptive study aims at identifying the effect of DOTS implementation at community level on the national tuberculosis program indicators.

Objective: Vitamin- D deficiency is very common and various modalities are suggested to treat the same. Annual Single dose of Vitamin-D is one of the few options tested by some authors. Here we present reports of our Annual Single Mega-dose of Vitamin-D injection as Supplementation Therapy. Type of study-This was a prospective interventional study. Design: This was open, uncontrolled dose finding design. Participants- 18 Women participated in study. Vitamin-D Doses- All these participants received one single mega-dose of 600,000 IU by intramuscular route.

Melanoma is a malignant cancer that occurs in melanocytes and is the most common cancer in people aged 15-34 in the UK. The article aimed to provide the backgrounds of the appropriate care pathway of melanoma included the prevention, diagnosis, treatment e multi-professional approach based on literature review

Ameloblastoma is an aggressive, benign odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin. It comprises about 1-3% of all odontogenic tumors of maxillofacial region. It is characterized by slow persistent growth, locally aggressive infiltrative lesion mainly occurring in mandibular ramus region. They are occasionally associated with the presence of an impacted third molar. Conservative to radical surgical approach is mainstay of treatment depending on the extend of lesion and its histopathological behavior.

Intentional reimplantation (IR) is an intentional extraction of tooth followed by reinsertion into its own alveolus. In this case report endodontically failed tooth with large periapical radiolucency was choosen for intentional reimplantation in mandibular second molar. After 6 month follows up the patient was asymptomatic and radiographically no evidence of root resorption was seen. The indications for and limitations of intentional reimplantation are discussed in the case report.

Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumour of epithelial origin that exhibits a locally aggressive behaviour with a high level of recurrence. Among the variants of ameloblastoma, desmoplastic ameloblastoma is a rare and unique entity which is characterized by marked stromal desmoplasia. Until now only 150 cases of desmoplastic ameloblastoma have been reported worldwide. Among them only one case had been reported with multiple intraoral swellings.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy and applicability of modified Cameriere’s European formula given by Rai B et al for dental age estimation in south Indian children. Methods: The study comprised of a total of 600 subjects, who were divided into 10 groups, according to the chronological age. The first group consisted of subjects who are 5 years old, including subject’s age ranging from 5.00 to 5.99. Next group included the subjects who were 6 years old, and so on. Digital form of the orthopantomogram obtained for diagnosis and treatment were collected.

Introduction: Changes in the lipid profile are said to be associated with oral cancer and potentially malignant disorders. Incidence of cancer has been reported to be more in patients with reduced cholesterol levels. Patients with oral cancer with reduced cholesterol are said to be having higher mortality. We carried out a hospital based case control prospective study to assess the relationship between lipid profile and oral squamous cell carcinoma and potentially malignant disorders (leukoplakia and OSMF).

Unfavorable systemic conditions condition a low resistance of the host to the virulence of the aggressive agent, causing in a more rapid evolution of the periodontal disease and being able to lead to difficulties in the therapeutic response. The longer the duration of diabetes mellitus (DM), the greater the severity of periodontal disease and loss of insertion. The objective of the present literature review was to evaluate the relationship between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus.

Objective: To assess prevalence of eye diseases in primary school children in Jammu city, J&K Settings and Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study Material and Methods: All school going children of both genders aged 5-16 yrs under school screening programme underwent V.A assessment, ocular motility evaluation and cover-uncover test. Depending on type of eye disease, they were categorised. Children with defective vision were further examined employing objective refraction using autorefractometer followed by streak retinoscopy after instilling 1% cyclopentolate eye drops.

Dadrukustha is a type of skin disorder, characterized by Sakandu (Itching in the site of lesion), Raga (Reddish discoloration of skin like blood), Pidaka (Papule over lesion), Mandalamudgata (Circular patches with elevated edge on skin) etc. Many scholars have opined that it can be correlated with the superficial fungal infections of the skin as per modern science. But for proper application of novel treatment principle of Ayurveda, the diagnosis of the diseases based classical thought is mandatory.

Aim: To study the effect of gum arabic and calcium hydroxide on surface hardness of type III dental stone. Materials and Methods: A metal die with 10mm diameter and 12 mm height was fabricated. Type III dental stone was mixed with additives and one without additives. Vickers hardness was measured for specimens. Data was subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The Vickers Hardness for type III dental stone with additives was significantly higher (p<0.001) compared that without additives. Conclusion: Surface hardness can be significantly increased by additives i.e.

Chronic dacryocystitis is frequently caused by nasolacrimal duct obstruction or infection. Chronic stagnation of tears within the lacrimal sac leads to formation of mucocele which upon pyogenic infection turns into pyocele. Encysted lacrimal mucocele or pyocele presenting as a huge swelling causing distortion of surrounding structures is relatively uncommon. Very few cases were reported yet in the literature. Tumors originating from the lacrimal sac may mimic chronic inflammation and be misdiagnosed, delaying treatment.

We hereby present to you a rare case in a 1 day old baby who presented to us with a right sided inguinal hernia. An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is considered to be a prototype of metabolic syndrome (MS). Objective: To determine the levels of resistin, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) as well as to assess their relationship with clinical and metabolic parameters in women with PCOS. Materials and methods: The study included 22 overweight/obese PCOS patients and 20 metabolically healthy obese (MHO) women. Anthropometric, glucose and lipid parameters, total testosterone, resistin, IL-6, ADMA were determined.

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of hospital-acquired and community-acquired infections worldwide. It causes various types of infections from relatively benign skin infections to life threatening systemic illness. S. aureus can readily develop antibiotic resistance especially with emergence of MRSA strains. The increasing incidence of MRSA has led to the excessive use of Macrolide-Lincosamide-StreptograminB (MLSB) especially clindamycin due to its excellent pharmakinetic properties.

Purpose: To evaluate the occurrence of cystoid macular oedema (CME) and to identify changes in the thickness in the central macula (CMT) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD- OCT) after uneventful phacoemulsification surgery. Method: In this prospective study, 150 patients of cataract, were subjected to examination by SD-OCT one day before and 1, 4, and 12 week post operatively to detect any changes in foveal thickness and presence of cystoid macular oedema. The results were analyzed and correlated with the visual acuity. Results: 150 patients were included in this study.

Aim: As management of non-vital teeth with open apices is a challenge to dental practitioners. So, the aim of this case series is to use MTA plug in teeth with open apex. Summary: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) apical plug method is an alternative treatment option for open apices, as it requires reasonably less time with predictable results and appears to be a valid material to obtain periradicular healing in teeth with open apices and necrotic pulps.

Dermato Fibro Sarcoma Protruberans (DFSP) is a very rare malignant tumor of subcutaneous tissue characterised by slow infiltrative growth. It presents mostly in second and fifth decade. Even though there is no well defined protocol for treatment of this tumor, wide local excision is being practiced. Present case report is of a 60 year old lady with lump in left breast for 5 years who developed ulceration over the lump progressed in 15 days underwent wide local excision. Histopathology revealed DFSP as diagnosis with CD 34 positive.

Purpose: This retrospective study aimed at determining the changes in facial profile of patients undergoing first four premolar extraction treatment through cephalometry as determined by Holdaway Analysis and compare the soft tissue norms with findings in Indian adults. Study design: A retrospective cephalometric study Material and Methods: Pre-and Post-extraction treatment lateral cephalograms of 30 patients selected from Department of Orthodontics, KVG Dental College, Sullia, were evaluated. All the patients included in the study underwent first four premolar extraction treatment.

As nursing students commonly experience stress, they encounter stress either adaptive or maladaptive. This experimental study investigated the prevalence of coping strategies and its changes on introduction of stress management techniques training program for six weeks daily among nursing students.

Background: The study was done to explore the ethnic diversity in physiotherapy education between Portugal and India. Methods: Qualitative research design based on ethnographic data collected by the ethnographer in terms of diaries and informal interviews. Setting: Adapted Physical activity department and centers attached to one of the reputed university in Portugal. Participants: physiotherapy faculty members, clinical physiotherapists, physiotherapy students, and administrative staff.

Trace amounts of Manganese (Mn) are essential for the proper functioning of a variety of physiological processes, including development, in all living organisms. However, several studies indicate that high Mn levels may be toxic to terrestrial and aquatic organisms, especially due to its neurotoxic properties.

Objective: This case report aims at highlighting the importance of preserving natural remaining teeth followed by the fabrication of telescopic denture as an alternative to conventional removable dentures. It is easy, less technique sensitive and a cost effective alternative to conventional over dentures and helps to minimize the problems associated with conventional dentures regarding retention and stability.

A well accepted prosthesis is a successful prosthesis. The success of the prosthesis is based on factors such as Retention, Stability, Support and Aesthetics. These factors are incorporated during the various stages of fabrication of the prosthesis starting from impression. However, sometimes all the factors cannot be incorporated into the prosthesis due to reasons related to patients health or the condition of the oral cavity. So to improve the success rate of the prosthesis we can make use of additional factors of which magnets are one of them.

When searched on data bases regarding oral cancers- a lot of articles pops up showcasing different epidemiology in different countries. The real numbers of incidence are always not achievable due to serious lack of precise diagnostic tools.

Condylar fractures are the most common accounting from 9-45 % of all condylar fractures. They can be managed conservatively or by surgical modalities. The advent of the Endoscope in Surgery was an innovation which soon found its way into Maxillofacial Surgery. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of endoscopy assisted ORIF vs. traditional ORIF in the treatment of condylar fractures. Information was collected using electronic data sources such as PubMed and Google scholar. 1.

Background: The management of mandibular fractures has evolved greatly over the years from supportive bandages, splints, circum-mandibular wiring, extra oral pins to rigid fixation and more lately semi rigid fixation. Arch bar fixation has been the popular method for so long. The introduction of intraoral bone plating systems has widened the horizon. This prospective study is aimed at providing the clinician an evidence based recommendation in adopting suitable method.

Background: Pre-diabetes is the precursor stage to diabetes mellitus in which not all of the symptoms required to label a person as diabetic are present, but blood sugar is abnormally high. This stage is often referred to as the ‘grey area’. Gutka, a smokeless tobacco; a mixture of powdered tobacco, areca nut and slaked lime is known to jeopardize periodontal health; however, severity of periodontal inflammation in gutka chewers with and without prediabetes remains unknown.

Due to the high rate of deforestation and degradation activities carried out by local people on forest ecosystem, this study assessed the tree species population frequency, density, abundance and diversity in ten communalforests (two each) of the five Local Government Areas (Ogoja, Yala, Bekwarra, Obudu and Obanliku) of Northern Cross River State, Nigeria using the modified Whittaker method. The study was carried out from (November, 2015 – May, 2016). In each site a 30 × 90 m plot was laid out in a spoke design and tree species present on the plots were recorded.

Enterococcus spp are one of the environmental mastitis pathogens with public health hazard and have different harmful effects on milkand dairy farms. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Enterococcus spp in mastitic cow’s milk in Egypt, detection of some virulence genes as esp and cyl A of E.feacalis and their resistance to different classes of antibiotics. 130 (71.82 %) out of 181 milk samples were identified as Enterococcus spp particularly E.feacalis (33.34 %).

We know that porosity is a dimensionless quantity, it does not depend on the size of the particles that make up the porous medium. More precisely, if we imagine two porous bodies that are geometrically similar to each other at the micro level and differ only in the particle size, then their porosity will be the same. The bottom line is that in the coarse-grained material the pores are larger, but their number per unit volume of the medium is smaller and these effects just compensate each other.

Traditional medicine has always played a key role in the health systems of different ethnic groups living in remote areas of North East India. For the documentation of ethno-medicinal information, a survey was conducted in Thoubal district of Manipur comprising of three villages Ningombam, Sabantongba, Leisangthem to collect the information on ethno-medicinal plants of Manipur through household survey by using a standard questionnaire.

Microorganisms are responsible for different soil ecosystem and biodiversity. Diversity of microorganisms of different area varies both in quality and quantity of microbs. Microorganisms available in biogeochemical cycles, mineralization, and solubilization of organic and inorganic matter in soil vary widely. Symbiotic and non-symbiotic bacteria make colony in plant root, rhizosphere and mycorhiza. Diversity and interaction of microorganisms in plant root and microbial activity in soil has been studied in detail in India and abroad.

Numerous amphibian species are currently restricted to breeding in agricultural landscapes, although the impact of agricultural techniques, such as harvesting, are not yet determined. In the Republic of Korea, the Suweon Treefrog (Dryophytes suweonensis) is restricted to breeding in rice paddies. In fall, numerous individuals are found on cultivated bean plants, on the edges of rice paddies.

To develop appropriate nonlinear statistical models with a view to provide analytical approach to describe the agricultural production trends in India. Reviews were made to study the various nonlinear statistical growth models. The parameters of each model were estimated using Levenberg -Marquardt (LM) iterative method. The main assumptions of ‘independence’ and ‘normality’ of error terms were examined by using the ‘Run-test’ and ‘Shapiro-Wilk test’ respectively.

Objective: Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP3) and Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) are tumor suppressor genes, which play important role in regulation of extracellular matrix proteolysis and cellular detoxification from various xenobiotic drugs and carcinogens. Aberrant methylation of tumor suppressor gene at the promoter regions can inactivate its expression, which is important in the carcinogenesis of various cancer including breast cancer.

Objective: Depressive disorder is a prevalent psychiatric disorder, which affects 21% of the world population. The presently using drugs can impose a variety of side-effects. In the traditional system of medicine is useful in treating various ailments. The main objective of the work was to evaluate the antidepressant activity of aqueous extract Calendula officinalis L. flowers using forced swim test (FST) and tail suspension test (TST) in mice.

A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of different levels of molybdenum & iron on Vigna radiata (L.) plants. The experiments were conducted in the field of Botany department of CCS University, Meerut during Kharif season 2017. Different levels of molybdenum (3, 6 and 9ppm) and iron (30,60 and 90 ppm) along with Rhizobium were applied. Results revealed that maximum chlorophyll content, nitrogen content, protein content, proline content and legheamoglobin content were observed in those treated plots where Mo 6ppm and Fe 60 ppm (with Rhizobium) were applied .

The genus Garcinia (family Cluciaceae) with its 400 species is reported to distribute in tropical parts of the world. The genus has 36 species in India mostly in forest as well as in non-forest areas of North-East, Western Ghats, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Of which, 16 species are endemic in India. Garcinia in Assam is locally known as Thekara and use for timber, food and medicinal values. However, the genus found to be disappearing from natural habitat in Assam.

The present investigation was aimed to detect the specific protein polypeptide(s) appeared during the organogenesis stages of differentiation in Solanum trilobatum L. Among different explants, only internode showed good results for micropropagation. To analyze and compare their variation of protein profiles were assessed from callus, organogenic calls, multiple shoots, root, and regenerated plants. The highest response of callus induction (92.8%) was observed in 2.5 mg/l of 2,4-D (2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) supplemented in Murashige and Skoog’s (MS) medium.

Guliguli is a snack like biscuit; a Nigerian base food produced from mixtures of sorghum, maize, soybean, crayfish and moringa leaves. The study investigates functional properties of different flours and their composites. But the successful application of the adopted method in food product development and the acceptability of the final products is the key objective. The proximate composition, physical properties and sensory attributes of the products (guliguli) were also determined. Raw materials were first milled into flours and further formulated into six (6) composite flours.

Aim: The aim of this study is to screen In-vitro Anti-microbial activities of aqueous extracts of Karappan Kudineer (KAK) - A Siddha formulation. Methodology: KAK was collected from the pharmacy of ATSVS Siddha Medical College, Munchirai, Kanyakumari Dist. Aqueous extract of KAK was prepared by soxhlet method. In-vitro antimicrobial activity of extract of KAK was screened against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans using disc diffusion method.

Field experiment was conducted during kharif 2015 at Mondouri Teaching Farm and during kharif 2016 at Central Research Farm, Gayespur, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal to study the Effect of Pinching and Foliar Nutrition on Growth and Yield of Dhaincha (Sesbania rostrata Bremek & Oberm). The results indicated that pinching had significant effect on plant height (cm), number of primary branches plant -1, number of pods plant-1, pod yield plant-1 (g), seed yield plant-1 (g), and seed yield (kg ha -1).

Surgery treatment is currently the most effective option for reducing and maintaining weight loss in morbidly obese patients. Changes in dietary habits should be continuous for obtaining successful treatment. This study aimed to identify and analyze changes in dietary habits developed after bariatric surgery relating them to the treatment of nutritional deficiencies and complications resulting from surgery. The study was conducted from August to October2013, with the participation of 60 invited patients assisted by the Obesity Nucleus of Ceará.

Fever is known both as a symptom and a disease. Many were affected by this without knowing its cause. Younger population to older is get affected by fever. In Ayurvedic system Fever can be correlated with jvara. The Jvara has many types caused by different doshas say Vata, Pitta and Kapha. "Panchatiktha Kwatha Churna" (PTKC) which is mentioned in the Hospital pharmacopeia of Arignar Anna Hospital of Indian Medicine is one of the drug indicated especially for this disease. This drug is also useful in treating skin disorders too.

The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of Rheum emodi (MER) on ethanol (EtOH) induced cytotoxicity in human liver cells. Cells were treated with either EtOH (30mM) alone or together with MER (150μM) for 12 hours. It was found that exposure with EtOH induced different cytotoxicity processes like formation of oxygen radical formation (ROS), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, lipid peroxidation, decrease in glutathione (GSH) as compared to untreated cells. EtOH induced ROS formation was significantly prevented by MER treatment.

Induced mutagenesis was conducted in Gloriosa superba by using both chemical and physical mutagens to study various morphological characters in six genotypes viz.., Arupukotai, Chittor, Dharapuram, Mulanur, Nellore and Vedaranyam. The tubers were subjected with four doses of each chemical and physical mutagens were administered at various concentrations of 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 % ethylmethane sulphonate (EMS) and 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4 gray Gamma rays respectively. Experiment was conducted at Variyankaval village, Udayarpalayam taluk of Ariyalur, district Tamil Nadu.

With the tremendous advancement in modern day life style and technological development, sophistication of human life is at peak nowadays. Even then, certain things and achievements are still in their own way to attain. Health care industry is marching forward in optimizing the life expectancy against the hilarious challenges put forth. But nature has its own decision in shaping the modern man in this world. Infertile couples are standing as an example for this. Siddhars of Indian continent were on their methods to go in harmony with nature.

Biodiversity is an important gift of nature that provides all basic requirements for human existence. Since time immemorial plants have played an important role in human civilization. It has been observed that large number of plants being used for the worshipping of gods and goddesses as well as for socio-religious functions which serve as a useful tool for conservation of plants. A present article attempts to highlight the importance of some sacred plants which are traditionally used in Ahmednagar District of India.

The ground state properties of the atomic nuclei provide valuable information on their structure. The investigation of atomic nuclei is one of the fundamental and mostly pursued topics of the natural sciences, owing to its direct as well as indirect impact on human life. Atomic nuclei being quantum many-body systems, render the investigation of their properties among the challenging disciplines of the natural sciences.

In this paper, we introduce and study the concept of vague magnified translation of a vague set in Γ-Near ring, vague magnified translation of a vague ideal in Γ-Near ring and vague magnified translation of a vague Bi-ideal in Γ-Near ring. Mathematics Subject Classification (2000) : 08A72,20N25, 03E72.

Today, in this era we want to produce more energy from various types of energy sources. Bifacial solar panel can be the best alternative to produce more energy because both sides as front and rear will absorb more energy. To make rear surface more absorptive as it is not in direct contact with sunlight we have to use more reflective surface. If we compare mono-facial and bi-facial solar panel, bi-facial solar panel 5% to 20% more output. We need a cheap and useful reflective surface such as plane mirror which will effectively boost up our output.

Pyranopyrazoles are valuable heterocyclic compounds in which pyran and pyrazole moiety coexist in same molecule. Pyranopyrazole derivatives are significant pharmacophores which are associated with broad range of biological applications. Pyrano(2,3‐c) pyrazole derivatives show many bioactivities such as antimicrobial, insecticidal, anti‐inflammatory activities and molluscicidal activity. But the production of such molecules required harsh reaction conditions and costly catalyst. So, in the present world reactions mediated with green protocols always attract much attention.

A new series of pyranopyrazole based benzoxazole derivatives 2(a-h) were synthesized from reaction of compounds 1(a-h), o-aminophenol and carbon disulphide. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds have been established on the basis of rigorous analysis of their spectral data. The synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antimicrobial activities against selected bacterial strains using serial tube dilution method. It was observed that pyranopyrazoles based benzoxazole derivatives exhibit potent antibacterial activity as compare to their starting analogues.

Brushless DC motors are having a major problem with harmonics in torque. The variations in speed and production of noise should be minimized by using proper topologies. BLDC motors have been gaining attention from different Industrial and domestic appliance manufacturers, because of their high efficiency, high power density and easy maintenance and low cost. This paper presents a three phase BLDC motor with low cost drive to be driven without DC link capacitor. The proposed technique uses an electronic commutation and operates the machine exclusive of the intermediate DC link capacitor.

Cadmium Selenite (CdSeO3) nanoparticles were prepared by simple microwave irradiated solvothermal process using a domestic microwave oven with frequency 2.45 GHz. Cadmium acetate and Sodium selenite were used as precursors in the molar ratio 1:2. The powder XRD result shows that particles are purely crystallized in hexagonal phase with the broadening of diffraction peaks attributed to nanoscale size of the particles. The dielectric measurements were carried in two frequencies for temperatures ranging from 40 to 150oC.

In this paper, a recently proposed optimization method known as Firefly Algorithm (FA) is used to solve the Load Frequency Control (LFC) problem of an interconnected hydro thermal power system. A normal Proportional Integral (PI) controller is used for control purposes in each area of the system. The optimum gain values KPi, KIi of the controllers are determined using FA method of optimization. The result obtained using FA is cross verified against the results obtained using BAT algorithm in order to demonstrate that FA suits better for LFC.

Haryana is one of the northern provinces of India divided into 22 Districts, 140 community development Blocks, 6752 villages and 89 Urban Local bodies having population 2.68 Cr, out of that 8.9% are beneficiaries under Social Security Pension Schemes. The State Government has been providing Financial Assistance to the eligible residents of the State who are unable to sustain from their own resources. Assistance provided in the form of monthly pension upto Rs.

This paper presents the experimental characterization of an atmospheric (atm) pressure, high-power alternating-current (AC) three-phase plasmatron established in AR&TeCS Inc. by using optical emission spectroscopy (OES) method. Power of the arc plasma jet changes in the range of 590-1100 kW. At each power, emission of the jet is collected by an fiber optic spectrometer (200-1100 nm). The atm plasma is mainly dominated by the nitrogen species in the visible range. The strongest nitrogen atomic line (NII or N+-singly ionized) is detected at 510.45 nm.

With increasing contribution of performance of digital circuits is judged by its speed, run-time leakage control techniques are becoming extremely important. The most common technology for designing digital circuits is the CMOS technology. After the development of CMOS logic, there was increasing need to optimize circuits in terms of speed. One technique thought was using PTL which makes use of lesser number of gates to realize an operation. The Pass-Transistor Logic (PTL) is a better way to implement circuits designed for low power applications.

QCA technology is a promising future nanotechnology for computing. It takes great advantage of a physical effect, the Coulomb force that interacts between electrons. There also exists an alternative implementation that uses magnetic fields, a novel design of a Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) PeersGate (PG) and its simulation. PeersGate (PG) is a reversible logic gates. Reversible logic gates are attracting a lot of attention due to their zero power dissipation under ideal conditions. Reversible logic circuits are useful for constructing quantum computers.

The need for low-power, area efficient, high speed VCO is pushing toward the use of dynamic regenerative oscillators to maximize speed and power efficiency. In this paper, an analysis on the fast frequency of the dynamic VCO will be presented and analytical expressions are derived. From the analytical expressions, designers can obtain an intuition about the main contributors to the vco, delay and fully explore the tradeoffs in dynamic vco design. Based on the presented analysis, a new dynamic VCO is presented by using dynamic double tail comparator.

The need for low-power, area efficient, high speed VCO is pushing toward the use of dynamic regenerative oscillators to maximize speed and power efficiency. In this paper, an analysis on the fast frequency of the dynamic VCO will be presented and analytical expressions are derived. From the analytical expressions, designers can obtain an intuition about the main contributors to the vco, delay and fully explore the tradeoffs in dynamic vco design. Based on the presented analysis, a new dynamic VCO is presented by using dynamic double tail comparator.

In this paper, I have designed a low-power circuit-shared static flip-flop (CS2FF) for low power digital VLSIs. The CS2FF consists of five static NORs and two inverters (INVs).The CS2FF utilizes a positive edge of a buffered clock signal, which is generated from a root clock, to take data into a master latch and a negative edge of the root clock to hold the data in a slave latch. The total number of transistors is only 24, which is the same as the conventional tri-state buffer based flipflop (TBFF) used in the most standard cell libraries.

This article deals with the USA’s doctrinal policy in the Caucasus and with the major developments in this concept. It states that, American foreign policy of Caucasus has always been loyal and truthful to peace and democracy, to prevention of threats against its allies. Starting from the period of “Monroe Doctrine” in the twentieth century up to Donald Trump’s current presidency term, the entire period is a subject of these analyses.

This article is derived from the project titled "Processes of inclusion through Social Pedagogy in a group of basketball players in wheelchairs in the municipality of Tuluá". Its main objective is the comprehension of the social inclusion processes, it is a work with mixed methodology that used methods of quantitative and qualitative approach, that allowed the interpretation of the subjects’ experiences . It was considered that in order to advance in social inclusion it is necessary to develop training processes in civic culture.

An Index Fund is a passively managed scheme investing mainly in equity shares of only those companies comprised in indices like the S&P CNX Nifty that may be defined from time to time. Investors need to know how risky index schemes are and what would be its contribution to the total risk of a portfolio. Before investing investors would also want to know which funds gives more return, which fund is performing well, which fund is more risky etc. This study analyses the performance of the selected index funds by comparing it with the benchmark S&P CNX Nifty.

The dysfunction of the sanitation works in Niangon Nord and Toit Rouge, districts of Yopougon (Abidjan), results in the flow and stagnation of domestic wastewater in the households and in the streets. In contact with these kinds of water, the population is exposed to some diseases. The objective of this work is to highlight the socio-sanitary and environmental impacts of wastewater from the dysfunction of the sanitation network on the inhabitants of these districts.

Large number of studies have been carried out for relief on Depression since last few decades. Sudarshan Kriya and its accompanying breathing techniques were found to give an extreme relief  from depression to the persons who practiced it regularly. Many studies have demonstrated about 67-73% success rate in relief from depression, regardless of the severity of depression. These results are experienced rapidly, often within 3-4 weeks. It was observed that, there was rapid uniform relief from depression with SKY practices, unlike any conventional treatments.

This paper explored sustainable economic challenges and opportunities experienced by funded Small and Medium Enterprises at a selected commercial Bank in Namibia. The study was guided by the following objectives; to identify the sustainable economic challenges experienced by the commercial bank funded SMEs in Windhoek; to identify sustainable economic opportunities that exists for these funded SMEs and finally to offer recommendations which can serve as guidelines which the management of the Bank can consider to support, grow and sustain local SMEs.

This article has been produced as a part of Ph.D. thesis entitled “A Study of Health Seeking Behaviour among Halakki Vokkalu Community of Uttar Kannada District, Karnataka”. Halakki Vokkalu is a community mainly found in Uttar Kannada district and distributed densely in four taluks; Ankola, Honnavara Karwar, Kumata. This article focuses on life cycle rituals exist in the community. It’s an abstract ethnographic account of the Halakki Vokkalutribe. In this article author furnished details about the life and rituals celebrated in different stages of life within the community.

The mindset and attitude of the generations keeps on changing with the passage of time. There are ample examples of vanishing of rudimentary and age long practices and customs which were once considered to be the integral part of one’s culture and society. Some of them proved to be reformatory for the society like abolition of Child Marriage, Sati, Widow Remarriage, whereas some concept came out of the contemporary needs of modern generations. Live in relationship is also one of the concept adopted by the youths in India as a substitute to the marriage.

Background: The purpose of investors in investing is to obtain income or return, one of which is a dividend. However, the level of dividend income earned by investors varies depending on the company's policy on dividend payout to its investors. Aim: The purpose of this study is to know the meaning of net income and operating cash flow in determining dividend policy on manufacturing companiesin the consumer goods industry sector listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange on the period 2014-2016. Methods: Samples are chosen by using purposive sampling technique.

The teaching profession is one of the professions that are considered stressful. This fact has been revealed by many studies worldwide. It is asserted that school factors influence teacher stress more than any other factors. However, some studies have contradicted these assertions indicating that schools are haven of peace and therefore do not generate teacher stress. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish the influence of school factors on teacher stress using Kakamega North Sub County as the site of the study.

Studies worldwide have revealed that teachers like other professionals do experience stress in their workplaces. Moderate stress has been found to enhance performance of workers whereas low and high stress characterized by boredom, fatigue, exhaustion and burnout leads to poor performance. Preliminary survey in five public secondary schools revealed that teachers in Kakamega North sub-county were experiencing stress. Students’ performance on the other hand was below average from 2009 to 2013.

Hooghly is one of the non-DPEP districts of West Bengal. However from census report 2011, it is revealed that the overall rate of literacy of the district is 81.80 per cent whereas, as per census 2001 as reflected on UNDP report 2011, the overall literacy of the district was 75.11 per cent. This article deals with Sarva Shiksha Mission (SSM) and its impact due to the participation of the parents of elementary students of two block of Hooghly district of the state of West Bengal.

India and Singapore are two important Asian countries having commonality of being a multi-religions and multiethnic societies. Currently, both the countries are on the vibrant continuum of different developmental levels. One of the most important ladder of this journey is education. Students, in both the countries, are experiencing significant psychological stress arising from the environmental and socio-cultural pressure to perform well. Sometimes, such chronic stressors in extensive levels lead to psychological disorders and impairment in the child’s functioning.

Although ocean monitoring technology has improved significantly over the last twenty years, there are still many deficits in terms of data quality, reliability, efficiency and sustainability. Macaronesia is a vast area of key interest for the marine and maritime sectors. However, logistics and support to develop and maintain a useful and sustainable monitoring strategy programme still fall short of the needs.

This study explores the views and experiences of parents with children on the autism spectrum on Parallel Support. The sample of the study consisted of 121 parents who have children with ASD [90 (74.4%) women and 31 (25.6%) men]. The study was conducted from February until September 2017. The survey data was analysed using SPSS version 21 (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). The results of the study showed that parents are satisfied with the Parallel Support programme and that Parallel Support contributes positively to their children's socialisation.

FDI represents a potential means of growing and diversifying the SME base and achieving greater integration within global networks. Without a market - there is no trade, and without trade - there is no profit, economic growth and development. Therefore, all economies, especially small ones, are "searching for" and fighting the restless spirit of competition and "hoping" to be a "link" in this international trading concept and supply chains. This paper aims to focus on contribution for developing the strategies that could help to strengthen the SME sector.

The success of Indian dairy industry is much dependent on productivity and efficient reproduction performance of Murrah buffaloes. .It is a established fact that first lactation yield is a good indicator of lifetime performance but still there is further need to study the relationship between first, later lactations and lifetime performance traits for overall better evaluation of genetic worth of the female individual’s own performance and for ranking of sires. Economic return from dairy animals depends on lifetime performance.

Today when the world is growing in its capacity of innovation and technology, its high time we deal with the problems of different resource scarcities specially water scarcity with new emerging ideas of innovation. The idea is to re-invent the old traditional practices using new and innovative ways.

The technology of Electronic Metering has gone through rapid technological advancements and there is increased demand for a reliable and efficient Automatic Meter Reading system. This system presents the design of a simple low cost wireless GSM energy meter. The proposed system replaces traditional meter reading methods and enables remote access of existing energy meter by the energy provider and also it offers additional functionality including real-time reading, power usage notification etc. Also they can observe the meter readings frequently without the person visiting each house.

The objective of this study is to obtain a deep understanding of the learning to read in grades 4 and 5 at SDN Kompleks IKIP I Makassar with sub focus (1) the objectives learning to read, (2) reading materials, (3) strategy, approach, methods, (4) lesson plan procedures, (5) media (6) the roles of teacher and students, (7) evaluation. The study used ethnographic methods. This study concludes the objectives of learning to read, learning technique and reading comprehensive used analyzed contain material, the technique of learning is related to the characteristic of the students' age.

From our daily life, we see quantities of water getting wasted. Hence we are proposing a project where the water can be used in a smart way. This system can be easily installed in various surroundings. Sensors placed in the tank which continuously informs the water level at the same time interval. This information will be updated on the cloud; user can visualize the water level on computer system that is connected to Internet.

A major problem in industries and homes is the leakage of gas. One of the preventive methods to stop accident associated with the gas leakage is to install a gas leakage detection kit at vulnerable places. This project aims to automatically detect, alert and alert gas leakage. Particularly, a gas sensor having a high sensitivity to gases like propane and butane is used (Ramya and Palaniappan, 2012). This system consists a GSM Module which is able to send an SMS to alert the user (Padmapriya and Kamini, 2013).

In this article it is learnt oscillatory motion of pump-compressor pipes during the packer setting in empty column and at liquid presence. Galerkin's method in calculus of variations was used in order to study this process. Forms of pipe fluctuations in emptiness and its movement in liquid are defined. Attenuation coefficient for the first mode has been set.

Cardio vascular disease such as angina pectoris and ischemic disease is a major disorder in India.Treatment of angina pectoris is traditionally aimed at reduction of symptoms as well as prevention of future cardiac events such as myocardial infarction or death. 15% of refractory angina pectoris patients either fail to respond fully to such therapy or ineligible to further intervention. External Counter Pulsation therapy (ECP) is a non pharmacologic, cost effective and non invasive therapy can be use safely in any age group without any complication.

Introduction: Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells which tends to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and in certain cases depending upon the stage, cancer may metastasize involving adjacent organs and lymph nodes. Worldwide colorectal cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in men and 2nd most common cancer in women. In India the annual incidence rate of colorectal cancer in men is 4.1 to 4.4 per 1,00,000 people and in women it is 3.9 per 1,00,000 people.

The prevalence of diabetes is increasing and also the cost of managing its co-morbidities. Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU) is a devastating complication of diabetes. Patients who have diabetes and a co-morbid psychiatric disorder are at increased risk of poor management and treatment outcomes than those without a psychiatric disorder. Methods: A descriptive Cross sectional study was carried out to find out prevalence of DAS symptoms among diabetes foot ulcer clients attending HRM (Hand & Reconstructive Microsurgery) Clinic.

Gingival growths are one of the most frequently encountered lesions in the oral cavity, of which Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is one such reactive gingival growth. It is relatively uncommon, usually composed of cellular fibroblastic tissue containing one or more mineralized tissues, such as bone, Cementum like material, or dystrophic calcification. It is a focal, non-neoplastic tumor-like growth of the soft tissue that often arises from the interdental papilla. It may appear secondary to irritation or trauma.

Tuberculosis (TB) can involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract and is the sixth most frequent site of extrapulmonary involvement. Both the incidence and severity of abdominal tuberculosis (AT) are expected to increase with increasing incidence of HIV infection. Peritoneal tuberculosis a form of abdominal tuberculosis occurs in three forms wet type, dry type and loculated type. Clinically peritoneal tuberculosis is characterized by abdominal distension, constitutional symptoms and abdominal pain. Along with peritoneal tuberculosis other forms of abdominal tuberculosis can coexist.

Background: Hypercalcemia is a common metabolic abnormality of varying severity that can be adequately diagnosed and treated. Primary hyperparathyroidism and malignant neoplasms are responsible for >90% of all cases. Objectives: To study the clinical presentation and etiological profile of hypercalcemic patients at a tertiary care institute over a period of 29 months. The number of patients of hypercalcemia due to other rare cause like vitamin D intoxication have been increasing mainly due to over the counter supplementation.

The accomplishment of endodontic treatment depends on diagnosis of all the canals, thorough biomechanical preparation followed by three dimensional obturation with hermetic seal. Missing any of these steps may occur dueto bizarre tooth morphology. Usually mandibular molars have two roots with three canals (mesiobucccal, mesiolingual & distal) but in some teeth, the number of roots and canals vary. The variation in the number of roots is called radixentomolaris. This article presents three case reports of mandibular first molars with extra roots.

Oral metastatic tumors are uncommon and account for approximately 1% of oral malignant neoplasms. Here we report a case of metastasis to the mandible. The patient was a 74-year-old male who presented with left mandibular swelling since 3 months. CT scan- revealed a 8x6x4 cm growth eroding and expanding the mandible. Hemimandibulectomy was done and histopathology was suggestive of adenocarcinoma. The parotid gland was unremarkable. Subsequently ultrasonography abdomen revealed a mass in liver and further workup was suggestive of hepatocellular carcinoma

Oral carcinomas accounts for about 40% of all carcinomas prevalent amongst the human beings. Those involving the tongue results in mild tosevere deficiencies of phonation, deglutition, mastication and taste depending upon the degree and extent tissues involved. Rehabilitation of such patients pose a challenge for the clinician and involves a careful observation and evaluation ofthe residual oral function.

Introduction: The rationale for conducting research is high frequency of morbidity and mortality among newborn infants due to the infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Objective: There was the study of antibiogramm of 117 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Pathogens were isolated from the different loci (the respiratory tract, mucous eye, umbilical wound, ear, blood, urine) among 117 newborns. Methods: The determination of Pseudomonas aeruginosa’s sensitivity to antibiotics by standard discs method.

Background/Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of 8-week aerobic exercise on hemoglobin concentration and oxygen saturation in 10-12 year-old obese children. Methods: A total of 40 obese children volunteered in the study. Mean age and height of the children participating in the study was 11,40±0,68 years and 149,40±3,60 cm, respectively in the training group and 11,30±0,80 years and 149,20±3,55 cm , respectively in the control group.

The increasing cost of feed ingredients necessitate improving poultry feed utilization to enhance production. To fulfill increased world food demand and to overcome the consequences related to natural and industrial changes, scientists have been trying to select and improve both feedstuff and livestock with the application of biotechnology.

Introduction: Periodontal diseases are chronic bacterial infections that lead to gingival inflammation, periodontal tissue destruction, and alveolar bone loss. Gingivitis is one of the most prevalent dental diseases. Scaling and root planning along may not achieve best clinical outcome therefore use of adjuncts like mouthwashes, laser, LDD etc can lead to better results. Pomegranate a medicinal fruit, used as an astringent, hemostatic, antidiabetic, antihelmintic, and for diarrhoea and dysentery too.

Right to food is one of the human rights of consumer’s to which every consumer is entitled by virtue of being born as human beings. Right to food is one of directive principles of state policy and it is enforceable by law. Food adulteration has now become a major threat to consumers health and consumers are suffering various types of health problem. Every human is a consumer while availing various necessities of his life. To overcome food adulteration the government of India introduced the food safety and standards Act 2006.

This study focused to find out the language proficiency development among the secondary school students. The study is not a fault finding assessment, rather it is an attempt to find out the problems of students in understanding the subject and to identify teacher’s problems in teaching of English subject. For this purpose, normative survey method of research was employed. The sample consists of 150 students from government school and private secondary schools of Papum-pare district of Arunachal Pradesh.

The present study aimed at investigating the attitude of elementary school teachers regarding training programmes provided in DIETs of Arunachal Pradesh. For this purpose, investigators selected 24 teachers each from DIET Naharlagun and DIET Kamki as a sample. Normative cum Survey method was used and a tool used was a self developed tool in the form of Questionnaire, consisting of 22 items. To analyse and interpret the data, investigators used Measures of Central Tendencies, Measures of Variability, t-test and Correlation.

Using time serious data of forty Ethiopia spanning over 15 years this paper analyzes the relationship between governance and economic growth in Ethiopia. The descriptive result showed that the country achieved mixed result some dimension of governance improved while the other deteriorated like freedom of press and freedom of expression. In general the country performance showed it is below the African average. Moreover, consistent with most recent empirical works, the study found that good governance has significant direct impact on growth over the time under consideration.

People desire to achieve something and make incredible breakthrough in different aspects of life. People have an ultimate goal, something toward which their entire life is being directed. There is nothing more important than having a desire deep down to achieve goals. Every single day, we should have both long and short term goals that are fueled by desire. The larger our goals are, the greater our desire needs to be. It may be said that for most humans, the ultimate goal is the achievement of well-being and security for themselves and their loved ones.

Effects of ethanol extracts of Curcuma longa L., Myristica fragrans Houtt. and Piper nigrum L. on the mortality of red flour beetle were investigated. In the current study, ethanol plant extracts showed that the mortality rate increased with increasing concentration as well as the length of exposure times. On the other hand, results of this study point out that the three plants of this study might be useful as potent insect control agents.

In present scenario, Budget Accommodation is one of the fastest growing sectors in Indian hospitality industry with intense competition. This study has focused on the adoption of the information and technology practices by the Budget hotels in Chandigarh (Tri City). There is a large difference in the different practices adopted by the hotels depending on the facilities and clients. The manpower in hotels has been reluctant to make best use of IT at times. The analysis has been done through personal interviews with the managers of 76 hotels of Chandigarh (Tri city).

Global studies and research reveals that, construction is the most hazardous process and is responsible for severe and fatal injuries. The construction process is a phenomenal, complex, temporary and complicated activity, it demands for aversatile, comprehensive and easy-to–adopt parametric approach to evaluate and improve its safety performance. The parameters are Lead and Lag indicators. The Lead indicators are pro-active and lag indicators are reactive.

The purpose of this research was to determine the stage and analyze the relationship between work experiences in improving the professionalism of teachers. Research conducted at the Madrasah Aliyah in Bengkulu. The research was conducted by descriptive method with quantitative approach. The data were collected by questionnaire as an instrument of research related to the study variables. Data analysis in this research used descriptive analysis and inferential analysis using t test analysis, ANOVA, correlation and regression analysis to determine the relationship between the study variables.

Inclusion has been the topic of interest in education for many years. Various methods of teaching in an inclusive teaching have been created and researched. This study investigated the effects of collaborative teaching on Algebra scores in an inclusion high school class. The findings tended to indicative collaborative teaching in an inclusive setting for special education students. The research was conducted in a rural setting in the South with 15 special needs students to determine the impact of collaborative teaching.

Dans cette recherche, nous nous sommes proposé de définir de manière explicite la lecture d’une œuvre d’art qui découle d’une succession à l’intérieur de l’instant de vision. Le problème qui se pose à l’analyse sémiologique est de se demander comment l’unité de vision sera articulée et découpée par la discursivité de la lecture sans jamais cesser d’être une. Et l’interprétation de l’image comme aide visuelle dans les apprentissages à l’école élémentaire.

The article studies methods to determine the amount of goods through airports and determine the relationship between export - import goods through airports and export – import turnover of goods in Vietnam. From analyzing the 27-year data series from 1990 to 2016 by a linear and non-linear regression model show that when the value of exports increased by 1%, cargo exports through airports increased 0.8205% and when the value of imports increased by 1%, cargo imports through airports increased 0.8393%.

The impact from airport noise on staff and surrounding communities has been demonstrated. Many countries have authorized different measure ranging from regulating aircraft technical and airport safety or maintaining monitor right of directly affected community. In Vietnam, apart from ICAO standards and airport safety regulations, people do not have the means to monitor and present their opinions to the aeronautical authorities. Tan Son Nhat Airport, which exists in the heart of the city, has the largest noise impact on the surrounding communities.

Throughout history, child sexual abuse has been a global phenomenon. Various studies have been documented on the causes and outcomes of such an act on a child. This study however aimed at investigating the gender differentials in nature and experiences of child sexual abuse. Using various methods and techniques like descriptive designs, in-depth interviews and qualitative and quantitative methods, the study based its research on 70 respondents, 10 boys and 60 girls, between the ages 8 and 18.

Aim & Objective: To assess the antimicrobial activity which can be conducted with the help of tea tree oil. Background: Melaleuca alternifolia, also known as tea tree oil, is a commonly used antiseptic. It's a safe yet effective antiseptic in its action. Its chemical composition is extremely complex. These constituents of tea tree oil is what gives it its antiseptic as well as antimicrobial activity. Reason: It is found that microorganisms are beginning to become resistant to the antimicrobials which used to be used often.

Management of the patient with congenital or acquired defect of palate is a new era in prosthodontics. Rehablitation with lighter obturator is a burning topic of research and practice as well. Depending on their origin, two groups for such defects can be congenital and acquired, which may result due to some injury or surgery. Such defects vary as far as etiology, location, and size are concerned.

The popularity of portable listening devices (PLDs) including iPods has increased dramatically over the past decade. Many of them use earphones for prolonged periods at high sound that may pose a risk for hearing loss; and accidents because of their use even on road. Objective: To study the knowledge, attitude, practices and health problems related to the use of Portable Listening Devices among college students of Delhi. Settings and design: cross sectional, descriptive study conducted among college going students of Delhi in the year 2016.

Aims and Objectives: to observe and evaluate the efficacy of aperture fixation for complete ACL rupture by arthroscopic tans-portal single bundle quadrupled hamstring auto graft reconstruction. Materials and Methods: Quadrupled hamstring auto graft prepared was secured using femoral interference screw via the anteromedial port with knee in hyperflexion to ensure absolutely parallel screw placement. Tibial interference screw was placed with knee in full extension and graft under longitudinal traction to prevent proximal migration during screw advancement.

Aims: To demonstrate the viability of amniotic membrane for the treatment of mucogingival defects (shallow-to-moderate Gingival recession defects). Methods: The aim of this study was to record the use of processed dehydrated allograft amnion in the treatment of 20 shallow-to moderate recession defects defined as ≤3 mm of recession. Patients were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive either Amniotic membrane graft with coronally advanced flap Group-1 or Coronally advanced flap Group-2 and followed up for a period of 6 months.

Insomnia is a sleep disorder of great magnitude that significantly interferes with the homeostasis of the circadian and sleep systems. This culminates in important changes in the leptin-ghrelin axis, leading to adverse effects on the dietary choices, a consequent increase in weight and installation of obesity. The hormonal and metabolic mechanisms that promote this important change are not yet fully understood. However, it is known that a chronic process of sleep deregulation culminates in increased levels of ghrelin and decreased levels of leptin, resulting in a vicious cycle.

Background and Objectives: Appendicitis is common surgical disease which continues to remain a diagnostic problem and can baffle best of the clinician. Delay in diagnosis definitely increases the morbidity, mortality and cost of treatment. In equivocal cases, however, aggressive surgical approach in spite of advancements in medical diagnostics, its diagnosis is mainly clinical one. Thus the objectives of this study are to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of modified alvardo score in patients of acute appendicitis and to find out gender differences.

Background: Aluminum (Al) is very abundant metal in the earth’s crust. It is a constituent of cooking utensils, medicines, cosmetics, some foods and food additives. Salts of Al are widely used in the treatment of drinking water for purification purposes. Excessive and prolonged exposure to Al causes oxidative stress and impairment of many physiological functions. Its accumulation in liver and kidney causes hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity.

Background: Physical illnesses create a spiraling augmentation of psychological distress, both to the sufferer and to the caretaker. This is especially so, when the sufferer is a child. Prompt recognition and evaluation of psychiatric problems are essential, because psychiatric co-morbidity exacerbates the course of medical illness, causes significant distress to the patient, prolongs hospital-stay, and increases cost of care.

Introduction: Population ageing is an important emerging demographic phenomenon in India. A growing older population implies the need for a higher quantity and quality of geriatric services, arrangements of income security and improved quality of life in general. In order to offer high quality and effective nursing care to those with a great need, a well-educated workforce is important. Aim(s) and Objectives: To assess the knowledge and attitude of the nursing students towards old age people in Davangere, Karnataka.

Although SSIs are not associated with a high case-fatality rate, they cause significant morbidity and huge economic burden. In 1992, the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) revised its definition of 'wound infection', creating the definition 'Surgical Site Infection' (SSI) to prevent confusion between the infection of a surgical incision and the infection of a traumatic wound. So, post-operative wound infection hereafter referred to as Surgical Site. This is a hospital based prospective study.

Background: Environmental pollution with the different aluminium (Al) containing compounds especially those in industrial waste water exposes people to higher than normal levels of Al that represents an environmental risk factor. Cosmetics, Al ware and containers are also sources of Al besides some foods and food additives. In addition to its known neurotoxicity, Al affects other body structures like skeletal system, blood cells, liver and kidney. Accumulation of Al in kidney and liver induces nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity.

The implant / abutment interface connection, is generally described as an internal or external connection. The distinctive factor that separates the two groups is the presence or absence of a geometric feature that extends above the coronal surface of the implant. The infiltration of the bacteria at implant abutment interface has been shown to depend on the type of implant-Abutment connection and their sealing capacity.This article is a review on the importance of implant – abutment interface and factors effecting the implant – abutment connection.

The proximal occlusion of the right coronary artery can be predicted of fatal haemodynamic and rhythmic complications. We have illustrated this fact in a young man who presented with complicated right ventricular infarction and who was rescued by clinical and electrical diagnosis and then by immediate angioplasty.

Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL), is a minimally invasive method performed via bronchoscopy, and has been essential to obtain samples which may provide information about the inflammatory status, and infectious conditions of the alveoles. BAL is very substantial procedure for diagnosing especially interstitial lung diseases but also important other pulmonary diseases such as pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, alveolar hemorrhage, malignancy, Langerhans cell histiocytosis. The most important issue regarding a BAL procedure is the qualification and adequacy of the sample.

Background: The term dermatoglyphics is coined from two Greek words `DERMA` and `GLYPHE` which means skin and carve respectively, which refer to the friction ridge formation that appears on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Dermatoglyphics has found application in establishing ethnic differences. Finger ridgecounts are important for identification of an individual’s true identity. There is dearth of information on the Finger Ridge Counts of the Igbos’ and Okrikas’ in Southern Nigeria.

Cancer is a complex disease involving multifactorial sequential processes. Metastasis is a complex biological course that begins with detachment of tumor cells from the primary tumor, spreading into the distant tissues and/or organs, invading through the lymphovascular structures followed by their survival in the circulation. Metastatic tumors to the oro-facial region are uncommon and may occur in the oral soft tissues or jawbones. The clinical presentation of metastatic tumors can be indistinct, which may lead to erroneous diagnosis or may create diagnostic difficulty.

Aims: The objective of this case report is to establish splint therapy prior to orthodontic treatment and stabilize the mandibular position for three months on symptomatic case.

Although mosquitoes are the primary vectors of Zika virus (ZIKV) and are considered to be responsible for its major outbreaks worldwide, sexual transmission is also agreat concern. Another major concern is the neurological disorders of ZIKV infection of pregnant mothers on the newly born babies. The ZIKV is an emerging Flavi virus of the Spondwenisero complex, a mosquito-borne zoonotic pathogen that causes dengue-like syndromes and is described as a mild, self-limiting febrile illness with no known fatalities.

Taurodontism is the dental anomaly caused by the failure of Hertwig’s epithelial sheath diaphragm to invaginate at the proper horizontal level. The characteristic features are, enlarged pulp chamber, apical displacement of the pulpal floor, and no constriction at the level of the cemento-enamel junction. Both the permanent and deciduous dentition presents taurodontism, unilaterally or bilaterally, and in any combination of teeth or quadrants. Permanent molar teeth are most commonly affected.

NCC is a common parasitic infection of childhood. Its presentation is variable both in children and adults. Cysticercosis most commonly infects central nervous system. It can present as both parenchymal and extraparenchymal infection. It can be completely asymptomatic or can present with seizures, headache or vomiting. It might present with complications like hydrocephalus, cerebral edema and raised intracranial pressure in patients. Neuroimaging modalities like CT or MRI are mainstay of diagnosis. Serological tests are not routinely used.

During the first episode of heart failure, especially in young people, the real challenge after symptomatic treatment is etiological research. HIV infection is known to bepredictive of cardiac complications by several mechanisms. We report the case of a young person diagnosed with AIDS after inaugural cardiacfailure on dilated cardiomyopathy.

Imaging is an important diagnostic adjunct to the clinical assessment of the dental patients. Since the discovery of x-ray, dental radiology has played a vital role in diagnosis of diseases. With the expanding array of imaging modalities, dental radiology has played revolutionary role in determining diagnosis, treatment plan and prognostic value.

Background and Objectives: naturalplantdyeshave gained worldwide interest and give encouraging tissue staining results when tested. This study aimed to assess the quality of staining of hepatictissues by Hematoxylin and curcuma longa solutions compared to Hematoxylin and Eosin routine stain. Methods: tissue biopsies were obtained from a liver of a healthy rabbit and stained using Curcuma Longa solution instead of eosin in the different Hematoxylin-eosin protocols. Results:The best results were obtained with the time duration 10 – 20 min when using Weiger's Hematoxylin.

Introduction: HIV/AIDS is viewed as a pandemic affecting nearly all countries of the world. Haematologic abnormalities are among the most common complications of HIV infection. Aims and Objectives: Present study was aimed at evaluating the haemogram in HIV positive patients and its correlation with CD4 count. Materials and Methods: The present study was an observational study carried out in a tertiary care center during period of 12 months from January 2016 to December 2016 after the approval of Institutional Ethics Committee.

Background: Hypoglycemia is a common medical emergency in diabetic patients, which is defined biochemically with blood glucose level 45-50 mg/dl with clinical features of adrenal over activity and neuroglycopenia. It is one of the preventable acute complications of diabetes mellitus through appropriate outpatient diabetes management. Our study aims to find out the causes of hypoglycemia in the patients with type-2 diabetes in a tertiary care hospital.

Purpose: To evaluate and compare, color stability of prefabricated and custom made ocular prosthesis. Method: 20 samples of prefabricated ocular prosthesis and 20 samples of custom made ocular prosthesis were taken in 2 groups. Both were checked before the immersion and after immersion in neutral soap solution after 6 weeks. To assess the color change, spectrophotometry test was performed; and the results were statistically analysed by Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test.

It has long been recognized that patients who receive radiotherapy for cancer of the head and neck area are at a risk of developing osteoradionecrosis (ORN) of the jaws. Guidelines to reduce risk have been written, based upon the evidence of many studies which have looked at the incidence of ORN in different groups. Much of the research was carried out over 20 years ago and more recent analysis of data and consideration of the changes in radiotherapy raises the question as to whether modifications to the guidance is now needed.

Background: There are limited studies on biochemical and haematological response to vitamin B12 supplementation in pregnant women with vitamin B12 deficiency in literature. Aim: To evaluate the biochemical and haematological response of vitamin B12 supplementation in pregnant women with vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia.

Background: Maternal mortality is a global health problem. WHO claims some progress towards reduction in maternal mortality especially in the past decade. The key requirement in further reduction is to understand the causes of deaths and formulate effective policy and health program strategies. Aims: Evaluation of causes of maternal deaths based on autopsy findings as per categorization of WHO application of ICD 10 MM. Materials and Methods: The present study comprised of 155 cases of maternal deaths .The complete autopsy was done by a team of pathologist and forensic experts.

We report Nevus Lipomatosus Cutaneous Superficialis (NLCS) which is considered a rare entity. Two types are recognized, the classical form with multiple, soft, pedunculated, cerebriform papules and nodules that coalesce into plaque and the solitary form consisting of solitary papule or nodule. Histologically it is characterized by the presence of mature ectopic adipocytes in the dermis

Background: Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) was established in 2014 by Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, Armenia and Kyrgyzstanas a regulatory body of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).EEC’s goal is to unite participated states under the uniformed regulations for the development, registration, production, and circulation of medical products.In 2016, the EEC created and released about 40 regulatory documents for medical drugs and devices and half are currently under revision.

Objective: To evaluate the dosimetric differences in esophagitis induced from radiotherapy using three radiation techniques of lung cancer patients: “Low-Modulated” Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (LM-IMRT), Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) and Three Dimensional Conformal Radiation Therapy (3DCRT). Methods and Materials: In this retrospective study, treatment charts of 243 lung cancer patients treated with radiation therapy or combined with chemotherapy from year 2014 to 2017 at University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) Radiation Oncology were reviewed.

Malignant melanoma of the oral cavity is a very rare clinical entity. We report a case of 40 year old male patient who presented with a pigmented growth in anterior maxillary palatal region. Clinical features, Histopathological findings and Immunohistochemical studies were consistent with the diagnosis of malignant melanoma. Malignant melanoma of the oral cavity has very poor prognosis, because of its rapid tendency for regional and distant metastasis and multiple local recurrences after surgical excision. Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment improves prognosis.

Background: Sex determination is one of the prime factors employed to assist in the personal identification. It was realized that anthropometric measurements of the hand has been very useful tool in sex determination. Apart from this dental evidence is also considered as valuable tool in sex determination. Aim: This study is intended to correlate the Anthropometric parameters like hand length, hand breadth and Odontometric parameter like mesio-distal dimensions of mandibular canines in gender determination.

The horseshoe kidney is the most frequent genitourinary anomaly, characterized by series of anatomical events of congenital fusion of both kidneys across midline, non-rotation, arrest of ascent and vascular changes. It is important to understand embryogenesis and development of HSK, which explains the vascular changes and related complications. Horseshoe kidney is more prone to a variety of complications, the common ones are pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction, infection, urolithiasis, trauma and malignancy.

Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of Kirschner wire fixation after closed reduction of radial metaphyseal fractures with high risk of redisplacement. This study has shown favorable outcome with closed reduction and pinning for displaced complete fractures of the distal radius in children compared with closed reduction and casting alone, which showed a high rate of redisplacement in addition to complications that develop from extreme positions for maintaining reduction and anxiety developed from remanipulation of fractures.

Background: Postnatal mothers sometimes face breastfeeding problems such as breast engorgement and nipple pain due to excessive milk production, outflow obstruction or poor removal of milk by the baby which sometimes led to early weaning if not corrected. Aims of study: 1) To assess the level of breast engorgement among postnatal mothers. 2) To assess and compare mild breast engorgement, breast milk pH and neonate’s suckling speed before and after the administration of breast massage to postnatal mothers.

Introduction: Fractures of the clavicle account for 2.6–4 % of all adult fractures, 35 % of all injuries to the shoulder girdle, and 69–82 % of these fractures occur in the middle-third and are usually treated non-operatively. There is an increasing trend toward their surgical fixation. The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical, functional and radiological outcome following titanium elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) for midshaft non-comminuted clavicle fractures with >20 mm shortening/displacement.

Aim: The aim of our study was to analyse the varied presentation and difficulties encountered while treating the patients with accomodative spasm. Methods: A retrospective study of four patients of accomodative spasm. Three were children and one adult. All underwent a thorough work-up to be diagnosed with accommodation spasm and then treated with vision therapy. Results: Average age of the patients was 14.25 years. All the patients underwent in-office vision therapy for the average of 16 sessions followed by maintenance therapy.

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a progressive disease of the bone causing micro architecturaldeterioration of bone tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility and consequent increase in fracture risk. It is essentially a preventable disease and panoramic radiographs can prove to be a novel and easy method for early detection of this otherwise debilitating disease. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the precision of panoramic mandibular index (PMI) and Body Mass Index (BMI) in detecting osteoporosis in post-menopausal women and their correlation with skeletal bone mineral density.

Background: Different exams can provide clinical information in mouth breathing children undergoing rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and to assess the effect of this procedure on nasal airway, however the correlation among these exams remains unclear. Objective: Evaluate through two methods of exams, the volumetric changes of the anterior nasal cavity post-RME. Methods: Nasal cavity changes in fifty mouth breathers, undergoing RME, were evaluated by acoustic rhinometry (AR); ten children were selected from the total sample and examined by acoustic rhinometry and computed tomography (CT).

Objectives & Aims: Canine impaction is one of the anomalies that should be considered by clinicians in detail. Various studies have reported impacted & transmigrated canine teeth in literature, but comprehensive studies available are very few. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, prevalence, patterns & potential distribution of unusually impacted canine teeth in mandible stratified by gender, location (RT or LT) & unilateral or bilateral in mandibular.

Nanotechnology entered dentistry with the advancements in dental materials mainly composites and bonding agents. The development of nanodentistry will alter the focus to more specific diagnosis and treatment modalities for the maintenance of perfect oral health. Many studies have demonstrated that nanomaterials can exhibit inflammatory responses and promote DNA damage through direct or indirect mechanisms. The key point is that different nanomaterials exhibit a variety of toxicity depending upon the type of living organism.

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the neuroprotective activity of methanolic leaf extract fractions (ethyl acetate, n-hexane, chloroform and aqueous) of Butea monosperma (BM) on β-amyloid peptide induced amnesia in mice. From previous studies, the methanolic leaf extract showed neuroprotecive activity in amnesia mice. Further, the leaf extract is subjected to fractionization by using ethyl acetate, n-Hexane, chloroform and water as solvents.

Background: DVT, in post surgical patients, is less prevalent among the Indians and Asians, varying from 1.3% in spinal surgery to 41.7% following colorectal surgery. The majority of the patients developing post-operative DVT are subclinical and asymptomatic. Subclinical DVT means presence of thrombus (semi-solid coagulum) in deep veins of lower limb without any signs and symptoms. DVT can be prevented more successfully in its subclinical phase than that in its clinical phase.

Background: Ano-rectal malformations is an abnormality of the ano-rectum at birth in which the infant born with abnormal rectal opening. Different types of ano-rectal malformations are present which occurs in 1/ 5000 live birth. Usually it’s not lethal even with complex variants and their management, the association of serious renal or cardiac anomalies increasing the morbidity and mortality of ano-rectal malformation cases.

Objective of This study to evaluated the time elapsed between bone scan and chemotherapy dose. Bone scan is the accepted initial imaging modality for skeletal metastases. Some patients use chemotherapy in the initial stages before and after surgery for breast cancer patients According to the international protocol followed, and in our study, it is used to give patients chemotherapy compounds for several cycle and medicines used in the study are and to determine the duration of this effect. The most common drugs used for adjuvant and nanadjuvant chemotherapy.

Emulgel is one of the emerging topical drug delivery system for the delivery of hydrophobic drugs which overcome various disadvantages of ointments and creams such as greasiness and phase inversion. The aim of present work was to develop and evaluate Oxiconazole emulgel with controlled release. The oxiconazole used in treatment of various fungal infections such as cutaneous and subcutaneous diseases like acne and psoriasis.

Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field that applies principles and methods of engineering and the life sciences towards the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain, and improve the function of damaged tissues and organs. The goal of tissue engineering is to promote healing, and ideally, true regeneration of a tissue’s structure and function, more predictably, more quickly, less invasively, and more qualitatively than allowed by previous passive techniques.

Introduction: Lipids are the major cell membrane components essential for cell growth and division and the maintenance of cell integrity of normal and malignant tissues. Alterations in serum lipid profile have long been associated with malignancies. Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate the serum lipid profile in oral cancer patients and to study the relationship and clinical significance of serum lipid level and risk of oral cancer. Material and Methods: In this study total of 30 cases were taken, out of which 20 were of oral cancer and 10 were controls.

The human female reproductive system is one of the most complicated system and is influenced by a number of hormones secreted by both the pituitary gland and the ovaries. The normal reproductive system in females is characterized by the monthly menstural cycle. Any abnormality in the secretion of any of the female reproductive hormones will result in improper menstrual cycle or infertility.

Paddy cultivation was a part of proud culture of Kerala. According to State Planning Board Kerala lost over 500,000 hectares of paddy fields between 1980-2007. Paddy cultivation in Kerala has witnessed a steady decline. The sharp fall in area under paddy cultivation as well as quantity of rice produced has had important implication for Kerala’s economic, ecological and social development. The state produces less than 15% of the requirement of rice in the state. The situation is a threat to food security in the state and needs urgent attention.

The investigation was carried out on two sugarcane varieties, namely CoN -05071 and CoC-671 at the Sugarcane Tissue Culture Laboratory of Main Sugarcane Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari during 2016-017. The current study deals with the studies on protoplast isolation such as protoplast purification, protoplast density, protoplast viability in Sugarcane (Saccharum complex). In this experiment, successful isolation of protoplast from mesophyll cells of inner two leaf whorls and callus suspension cultures of sugarcane cultivars CoC-671 and CoN-05071 was obtained.

Agriculture is closely associated with the survival of not only of human being but it influences other living organisms too. Soil provides necessary anchorage to the crop plants and a source of food and water as well. Since all animals depend on the plants for their livelihood. So, directly and indirectly they depends on the soil. It is obvious that, all agricultural activities directly or indirectly depend on the quality of soil. Natural soil is a mixture of several things like mineral matter, humus, water, air, animals and unicellular organisms including bacteria.

Lignocellulosic biomass which is rich in cellulose and hemicellulose can be used in submerged fermentation for the production of industrially important enzyme i.e., cellulase. The present work deals with standardization of pretreatments of forestry waste for enhancing the suitability of this abundant waste for cellulase production. Among different pretreatments alkali peroxide pretreatment to Populus deltoides has emerged as a cost effective substrate for cellulase production by Bacillus stratosphericus N12 (M) yielded maximum cellulase activity of 41.73 U/g.

Most of the work involving livestock management is considered the traditional responsibility of farm women in India. To make livestock extension programme’s effective it is imperative to study the involvement of women, their perceptions and knowledge. This paper describes briefly some studies carried out with women from various communities, in a irrigated pockets of North India i.e. Uttar Pradesh and dry region Rajasthan.

The concentration of heavy metals such as zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in water sample and different body parts of thread fin cat fish such as muscle, gill and liver were analyzed. There was considerable increase of metal concentration in sample water collected from mouth of Haldi River. The descending order of heavy metal concentrations in sample water was Pb>Cu>Zn>Cd. The concentration of lead was4.172µg/L followed by copper 3.102µg/L, zinc 1.079µg/L and that of cadmium was 0.050µg/L.

Plant Tissue culture has advanced the knowledge of fundamental Biotechnology especially in the field of agriculture, horticulture, plant breeding, forestry, somatic cell hybridization, phytopathology and industrial production of plant metabolites, etc. During the last two decades plant cell, tissue and organ culture have developed rapidly and become a major biotechnological tool in agriculture, horticulture, forestry and industry. That problem which was not feasible through conventional technique, now have been solved via plant tissue culture techniques.

Rhizospheric soil samples were collected from in different garden samples in Chidambaram. Among 7 isolates 1 strain was developed deep pink colour, which was selected as potential strain for further study. It was showed highest OD value at 530nm. It was identified as Pseudomonas fluorescens was found to produce IAA 2.5µg/ml. The maximum production of 3.7µg/ml was observed at pH 7 and minimum at pH 10 (1.9µg/ml). Maximum production of 3.3µg/ml was observed at 30°C which seemed to be the most favorable and minimum was observed at 40°C (1.5µg/ml).

This study was conducted to evaluate of information about the training of horses in horse javelin sport in Erzurum province of Turkey. Information about general training steps for training javelin horses was obtained from horse breeders who were trained in javelin. The basic and dressage movements of the javelin horses in the javelin sport training and the movements of the rider in the training have been examined. The results of this study suggest that the training period of javelin horses consisted of two basic stages, individual and team.

We all know proper cell functioning needs energy which will be provided by Mitochondria. Sometimes some bacterial infections like Lip Opolysaccharide (LPS) affects these functions of cell by degrading mitochondrial biogenesis. LPS infection increases ROS (Reactive oxygen species) production which affects H9C2 cells contractility and functions and leads to degraded heart health. But as protective agent quercetin pre-treatment to cells provides safety from these types of infections in H9C2 cells.

In Ayurvrdic Grantha, Veda, Samhita and Lexicons there are many drugs mentioned for the treatment of diseases. In A.P.I. there is collection of these drugs. Under the Drugs & Cosmetics Act, the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India (A.P.I.) is the book of standards for single drugs included therein and the standards prescribed in the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India is official. Jvara roga is commonly treated with Ayurvedic herbs. In each case, the physician must not only determine which doshas and dhatus are imbalanced, but also the stage of samprapti (pathogenesis).

The blood glucose level (mg/dl) declined significantly (P < 0.05) to the tune of 7.32% in hot humid season as compared to hot dry season. The blood glucose level (mg/dl) did not change in hot dry season due to rehydration. The blood glucose level (mg/dl) recovered at much faster rate in Goats after 2nd (7.31%) and 4th (11.26%) day of rehydration as compared to Sheep (3.25 and 11.09%).

The experimental animals ingested 50% water of its requirement showed significantly lower Hb (g %) concentration than the animals of control group. The PCV (%) increased to the tune of 9.9% when experimental animals consumed 50% less water than the requirement. This may be due to haemo concentration induced by water restriction. However, seasons did not play any significant role on Hb (g %). The experimental Goats showed significantly (P < 0.05) lower value of Hb (g %) and PCV (%) to the tune of 9.30 and 21.7% as compared to Sheep.

Brazil is the world's largest producer of sugar and ethanol in sugarcane, and genetic improvement was essential for raising agroindustrial yields, providing gains of 1% to 2% per year.

Background and objective: Smoking cessation is associated with decreased smoking related morbidity and mortality and increased life expectancy. It can be achieved through several pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions in which nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is an example that help to replace nicotine from cigarettes, therefore, reducing nicotine withdrawal symptoms and the urge to smoke. The aim of this review is to determine the effectiveness of NRT in enhancing, achieving, and maintaining smoking cessation.

Bivoltine silkworm breed CSR2 was reared at Main Research Station, Hebbal, Bangalore on mulberry grown with the application of at nitrogen at recommended level through organic manures and inorganic fertilizers in different combination with four feeding schedules, treatments and interactions.

An experiment was conducted out to study the post-cocoon parameters of silkworm, Bombyx mori L. as influenced by feeding of leaf obtained by the application sources of N through organic manures and inorganic fertilizers. Significant differences were excerted with respect to feeding schedules, treatments and interactions.

The cone penetration test (CPT) has emerged as most widely used for obtaining soil profile and soil properties. In several studies showed that CPT data can also be used for the soil settlement calculation. However these calculations have a different parameter for each location. The main objective of this study was to compare and evaluate the results of settlement using laboratory testing data and consolidation measurement using CPT data of soft clay soil in some area in Indonesia.

The notion of bipolar vague A-ideals of BCI-algebra is introduced and their properties are investigated. Characterizations of bipolar vague A-ideals are given. Relationship between bipolar vague ideal and the newly defined ideals are analyzed. Also we studied some equivalent conditions for bipolar vague A-ideals. And we show that a bipolar vague subalgebra and a bipolar vague ideal. And Finally, we prove theorem in bipolar A-ideal using bipolar vague level cut.

In this paper we reduce a linear homogeneous form of n unknowns with an orthogonal transformation of the unknowns in a linear homogeneous form of one unknown with an exactly definite positive coefficient. As an application of this result we find the canonical form of an arbitrary hyperplane in the real n-dimensional affine Euclidean space En. This method for the obtaining of the canonical forms of the hyperplanes is new, since until nowa canonical form of hyperplanes is not defined and is not considered.Besides we find an effective canonical form of the surfaces of the second degree in .

This paper presents general aspects of the eye, along with a multitude of experiments performed in order to obtain the most suitable micro-drive. There are described theoretical aspects about the movement of the eye, as well as the results of each experiment and conclusions. Final models are also included in this paper.

Cause and Effect is one of the Basic Laws of Nature. Hence, a Light Photon having mass property, the momentum, does not have 'rest-mass', cannot be a true fact. An exhaustive endeavor is done, in this article, to confirm that, a light photon have the smallest, ultimate mass.

The method to Subtract, Multiply and Divide two Field Numbers over the Extended Galois Field GF(pq) is a well needed solution to the field of Discrete Mathematics as well as in Cryptology. In this paper the addition of two Galois Field Numbers over Extended Galois Field GF(pq) has been reviewed and Subtraction, Multiplication and Division of two Galois Field Number over Extended Galois Field GF(pq) has been defined.

This paper on price as an engineering subject seeks a defining of platform engineering type price concept and accounting, emphasizing a partnership concept to tax incidence as complementary and underlining.

Association necessitate to comprehend its application not just from approach of production enhancement or finance augmentation or resource exploitation, but also should tackle decisively the spongy region of workers to confer the best to not only for accommodating the productivity solutions, but also be a element on vanguard during tangible accomplishment to compose the learning in fact value its instance and effort. This paper spotlights on the decisive area of productivity enhancement with the intelligent use of techniques.

A technological crusade of a computer platform for the meeting between supply and demand that can be used by any user from a cell phone (even if it is a low-end cell phone) and that is complemented by other technologies such as USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Service Data) and SMS (Short Message Service), with the idea of escalating the number of people using the technology in order to look for machinery requirements, employment, news, agricultural alerts, etc. Case study Cooperativa de Ganaderos del Valle del Cauca - Colombia.

This paper presents detailed experimental investigations on compounding technology with two layered as well as three layered reinforced cement concrete, consisting of fibre reinforced high performance concrete (FRHPC) and Normal strength concrete (NSC) to improve the efficiency of concrete matrix (M60 and M20) and consequently to enhanced load carrying capacity of different layered concrete matrix and also to study compatibility condition between FRHPC and NSC layers.

Aim of present study was to apply a mathematical model of two phase human blood flow in pulmonary Venules, keeping in view the nature of pulmonary blood circulation during lung cancer. We have applied Herschel Bulkley model in Bio- fluid mechanical setup and we have used with respect to clinical data in case of Lung Cancer for hemoglobin versus blood pressure. In this examination overall presentation was in tensorial form and the solution method adopted was analytical as well as numerical.

Hash functions were introduced in Cryptology as a tool to protect the integrity of information. Secure Hash Algorithm-1 (SHA-1) and Message Digest-5 (MD-5) are among the most commonly used hash function message digest algorithms. Scientists have found collision attacks on SHA-1, MD-5 hash functions so the natural response to overcome this threat was assessing the weak points of these protocols that actually depend on collision resistance for their security.

In order to understand the formation mechanism and vertical structure of precipitating cloud systems associated with the Meiyu/Baiu frontal cyclone, special observational campaigns have been conducted in the downstream of the Yangtze River during June-July 2001 and 2002. We deployed a Lower Atmospheric Wind Profiler (LAWP) with Radio Acoustic Sounding System (RASS) at the Meteorological Observatory, Dongshan, China to observe the inner structure of precipitating cloud systems seen frequently in the observational area.

As the saying, the future is where the destiny goes….the future of any organization is going to be the number crunch that is data management. It goes like the destiny is going to be based on the big data management. In today’s scenario, Challenges faced are capturing, storage, analysis, search, sharing, transfer, visualization, querying, updating, privacy, meeting the need for speed, data quality, understanding data& many more to go. The analysis techniques used also matters a lot. In 2001, Bank of America solved the problems with managing the data across the enterprise.

Low cost house is today’s are used very high amount. Today’s in India large population Poverty is a significant issue in India, despite having one of the fastest growing economies in the world, clocked at a growth rate of 8.0% in 2017. Bank Research estimated that there are nearly 300 million people who are belong to middle class family. India's share of world GDP will significantly increase from 7.3% in 2016 to 8.5% by 2020.

The purpose of this study is to further expand the understanding of how Hispanic college students’ life styles influence their health. The research design employed a cross-sectional survey approach utilizing the purposive sample of 116 Hispanic undergraduate students (62 men and 54 women, all lived in the dormitory during the semester) at a university in Texas. The results indicated that there is a significant difference between Hispanic male and female college students in their life styles.

This study is aimed to identify different levels of organizational intelligence in the knowledge based pharmaceutical companies in Paradise Technology Park, Tehran. In this regard, the components of organizational intelligence were determined for identifying, investigating and measuring. The method applied in this study is descriptive survey and the population are the knowledge based pharmaceutical companies in Paradise Technology Park. For analyzing data, descriptive statistics including frequency percentage and inferential statistics including mean test of population were used.

The concept of the European Administrative Space occurs as a result of the practical needs of the countries – members of the Union, as well as the countries that strive to be a part of the union to create an individual legal framework in the way of the functioning of the public administration. The contemporary public administration, which is situated as a service of the citizens, is exactly the one that exercises the communitarian law in a complete way, more precisely the one that exercises the European principles and standards in a consistent way.

The research subject of this paper are migration from BiH starting from the end of the 20th century until today. The aim of the study is to analyze the consequences of total migration and other demographic losses in BiH, that have reached the highest percent of migration during the nineties of the 20th century in Europe after the Second World War. The results of the research show that migration demographic losses were approximately 50% of nowadays population in BiH. The long-term effects of emigration have come to its fullest.

N’Djamena, the capital city of Chad has been experiencing a rapid population growth and a fall in water resources for the past years. In order to preserve and protect these resources, this work aims at assessing the vulnerability of aquifer to pollution. The overall objective is to identify areas prone to high risk of contamination, no matter the type of pollutant is. The DRASTIC approach required the inclusion of data from different sources such as field campaigns, borehole data, DEM satellite image, geological and hydro-climatic data.

The paper highlight concisely socio-economic condition with historical framework of tribal community to inhabitant in Deoria. There is very few studies of tribal people who inhabitant in Deoria because as regarded it is a very distant part of the state which is locate in eastern zone of Utter Pradesh. It’s also known as Purvanchal. This paper examine the ground realities and various dimension in tribal life, on the basis of census data poverty, lack of basis facility, Unemployment, lower literacy rate, non irregular- occupation is a fate of tribe in Deoria.

The competitive advantages that make and unmake the sectoral structure of Tunisian regional economies remain the same. Indeed, the sectoral structure of regional economies of Tunisia remain heavily dependent on competitive advantages that enabled their emergence, despite the upheavals and difficulties faced by some sectors in this area. Reliance on the cost of production factors remains important for the regions of the west and south, despite some areas that are beginning to emerge.

Today, people who live in urban areas, especially those who are desperate for open-green areas, are increasing the tendency to nature, their curiosity about learning different cultures and lifestyles, as well as the desire of such people to move away from crowded city environments. Rural settlements; Their natural, historical and traditional values and their cultural-natural inheritance occupy an important place. For this purpose; Kahvadüzü Khans in Anatolia was chosen as a case study area in this work for preserving and preserving the cultural - natural heritage.

A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted to assess the knowledge of primi mothers regarding newer vaccines, a total of 30 primi mothers were selected by purposive sampling techniqueatSuramangalam Maternity center, Salem. Interview schedule was used to collect the data and collected data was analyzed by descriptive statistics.Major finding of the this study shows that majority of the mothers were 20-25 years of age highest percentage of the mothers had high school education, majority were private workers, highest of the family were in the economic group of Rs.

NCC Customer doesn’t have to wait in line and doesn’t have to plan our day around the bank's hours. Customer can look at their balance whenever they want, not just when they get a statement. There are some hidden benefits too. Online banking allows watching our money on a daily basis if we want to. Customer is the king for the development of trade, industry and financial services. Hence, the significance of customer service in the banking sector came to force to compete in a market driven environment.

The regional dynamics can be embodied in various ways. The shift-share analysis (ASR) is a methodology that allows us to observe the influence of global and local sectoral dynamics on regional growth. We start from the idea that the growth of a region is due in part to global sectoral dynamics and partly to specific regional dynamics. Applying this analysis to the case of Tunisia dishes highlight regional imbalance with the consolidation of the coast and the lower regions of the interior.

This paper investigates the long termed relationship that exists between the Algerian economic growth and its industrial water pollution during the period 1975-2005. The Biochemical Oxygen Demand per worker (BOD) for Algeria was utilized as the environmental indicator, whereas the GDP per capita was utilized as its economic indicator and using other explanatory variables such as, exports, imports and population growth which may influence the environmental degradation in Algeria.

Change, development is the inevitable way to a society. This is the way to address the history and the value of reviewing their creation of components, demonstrate clearly their creation environment makes it easy to find the way to a bright future. Architecture is known that factors that affect physical factors and cultural factors. The architectural style of the formation and organization of these factors is difficult to separate from each other.

The purpose of this study is to analyze and determine the influence of student learning interest and student learning motivation in an effort to improve student learning achievement at school, this research use descriptive analysis and inferential analysis, inferential analysis used is correlation analysis. The research was conducted at Al-Muhajirin High School, Purwakarta, Indonesia.

In this study, we intend to show the relationship between African art and western art. The study was about the historians of artethnologists and those who are in charge of anthropologic and aesthetic discipline. This study is sustained by some bibliographic, documentary and iconographical though process. The outcomes of our study show that it is in the 20th century that western painters and sculptors would regularly come to visit black Africa in order to discover the artistically richness of this part of the continent.

The purpose of this study is to know the awareness level among the parents of children who are studying in general schools at Medak District of Telangana State about Right to Education Act 2009. Total 87 parents participated for the present study. The Questionnaire was developed based on act, provided& implemented by the central and state Governments related to children.

The aim of this study is to compare the peer pressure of the students in different high schools. In our research, 108 volunteer participants that have been selected by the random sampling method in Beykent Doğa Anatolian High School and Beylikdüzü Cahit Zarifoğlu Anatolian High School students in İstanbul. A personal information form and the Peer Pressure Scale (PPS) which have been developed by Kıran (2002) have been used to collect the research data of the volunteers participating in the study. The obtained data have been recorded on the SPSS package program.

The Palaeogene Disang - Barail Transitional Sequence (DBTS) developed at the tip of Kohima Synclinorium, Naga Hills have been analyzed for their litho-facies characteristics using environment sensitive parameters viz. lithology, sedimentary structure, geometry, fossil content and palaeocurrent.

Human resource management is concerned with the people who work in the organization to achieve the objectives of the organization. The HR plays a major role in providing safety and security to the employees in the organization. The management should discuss with the employees about safety measures and tools to protect them. Career development is an ongoing, dynamic process, employees may need encouragement and support in reviewing and re-assessing their goals and activities.

The purpose of this study was to assess the difference between study approaches used by male and female undergraduate students of continuous and annual evaluation system. The sample consisted of 100 students (50 from Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra where continuous evaluation system exists and 50 from B.R. Ambedkar University, Agra where annual evaluation system exists). The revised two factor study process questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F). Developed by Biggs, Kember and Leung (2001) were used.

Capital structure has been a database issue in financial economics ever since Modigliani and Miller showed in 1958 that given frictionless markets and homogeneous expectations, the capital structure decision of the firm is irrelevant because it does not contribute towards the firm’s growth. The dilemma firms are faced with is making a decision on the capital structure choice to use.

Ayurvedic formulations have often been redesigned to address the biomedical disorders of a new global clientele. This has developed a holistic approach to the medical cultures and the creation of heterodox epistemologies, which have then allowed the creation of new “traditional” products that suit the demands of the market. In India, these new formulations fall under the category of “Ayurvedic Patent Medicines,” which are distinct from classical and textual formulations already in the public domain.

The objective of the present study is to compare the junior swimmers, runners, cyclists and traithletes on sports motivation scale and to assess which sports is more motivated among the selected sports. Method: 80 National junior boys’ swimmers (20), runners (cross country runners - 20), cyclists (20) and triathletes (20) were selected for the purpose of the study from Manipur, Pune, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi and Assam. The age of the athletes were ranged from 15 to 19 years.

For Aristotle, the free-falling body tends to occupy your place natural (soil), moving in a straight line with a speed proportional to its mass. Galileo discusses this phenomenon describing an experiment supposedly held in a tower. For some commentators to your work, this experiment had a bias more rational than empirical. In the development of your reasoning Galileo predicted that a largest iron-ball 100 pounds of mass would hit the ground with a difference "two fingers" in relation to another lighter iron ball of mass 1 pound when both fall from a height 100 fathoms.

Creative accounting is the use of the flexibility of accounting standards, where and used the unfilled gaps within them without at the same time violate any rule. The objective of this study was to verify the evolution of scientific production on the theme of creative accounting. For both, it was a analysis bibliometric on the database Scopus, Boolean search terms and establishing "creative accounting", it was noted that since 1986 until then were 84 articles written related in one way or another to the song.

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