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IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

February 2017

Population explosion is a major problem in India and also second most country in the world. Population grows in this manner India will become the most populous country in another few years and also have the more than 248 billion reproductive age girls .For combating this problem India has implemented many family planning methods. The extent of acceptance of contraceptive methods still varies within and between societies and also among different castes and religion groups.

Angiolipomas are benign neoplasms of adipose tissue with a rich vascular component and are classified as either infiltrating or noninfiltrating. Noninfiltrating angiolipoma is seen in young individuals, present as painful, soft, subcutaneous nodules and is treated by enucleation. Infiltrating angiolipoma is a rare neoplasm with only 23 previously reported cases. These lesions are usually unencapsulated or rarely partially encapsulated and tend to infiltrate bony, neural, muscular, and fibrocollagenous tissue.

Introduction: A variety of non-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions involve the nasal cavity (NC), paranasal sinuses (PNS) and nasophyrynx (NP) and these are very common lesions encountered in clinical practice. Among this granulomatous and neoplastic lesions are important for both ENT surgeon and Pathologist. Exact diagnosis of the lesions can affect treatment as well as prognosis. Objectives: To study the clinical and histopathological features of various lesions of NC, PNS and NP.

Background: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of free rotated papilla autograft technique combined with coronally advanced flap and coronally advanced flap alone on other side using the microsurgical techniques in root coverage procedures and to compare the efficacy of these two surgical therapeutic modalities in the treatment of localized gingival recession.

Background: Knowledge of risk factors associated with ischaemic heart diseases help us to prevent those dreadful diseases which are becoming a health hazard in our society. Aims and Objectives: To find out the association of Ischemic heart disease (IHD) with risk factors like age, sex, religion, smoking, alcohol, occupation, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods: A prospective study, in a sample of 410 patients attending the medicine OPD, was done in a tertiary care hospital to find out an association of risk factors and ischaemic heart disease.

Objectif: Décrire et analyser les connaissances, attitudes et pratiques des femmes congolaises face au dépistage du cancer du col de l’utérus afin de faire une approche évaluative avec le projet pilote de lutte contre le cancer du col utérin existant. Patientes et Méthode: Il s’est agi d’une étude CAP, de type descriptif (CAP1: l’analyse des résultats est rapide, mais il est difficile d’établir le lien entre l’intervention et le changement observé), ayant concerné les femmes venues en consultation tout venant et/ou accompagnant les autres.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of Rh positivity, distribution of blood groups, Blood Borne Infectious Diseases (BBID), age and weight related to blood donors, test validation and post donation counseling among the South Indian blood donors. Materials and Methods: Blood screening for blood borne infectious diseases were done for, 1, 70,001 blood donors with in Rajiv Gandhi Government General Public Hospital. Age, weight, test validation, look back process done and recorded. Results: Among the 1, 70,001 blood donors, (Rh positive: 96.3%, Rh negative: 3.7%).

Background and Objectives: Leukoplakia is the most common potentially malignant lesion of the oral cavity. As the histological study of oral leukoplakia cannot predict precisely the malignant transformation of this lesion and metallothionein (MT) is a protein that has been associated with carcinogenesis, this study could be auxiliary in this histological assessment of this lesion. The present study was done to evaluate the immunoexpression of metallothionein in oral leukoplakia (OL) and to correlate with histological grade and clinical localization.

The objectives of our study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of transdermal diclofenac sodium patch for in the management of postoperative pain following surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. Material and method: 100 healthy subjects belonging to both the sexes in the age group of 18–40 years with impacted third molar teeth were included in the study. 60 minutes before extraction, Transdermal patch of Diclofenac sodium 100mg (Diclo-patch) was applied.

Background: Nitric oxide (NO) being a free radical has been evidenced to play a controversial role in the etiopathogenesis of periodontal disease. The present longitudinal study aims to investigate the levels of salivary NO metabolites in healthy as well as in chronic periodontitis patients, its correlation with the periodontal clinical parameters and the effects of periodontal treatment on salivary NO metabolites in CP patients. Methods: A case-control interventional study was conducted. A total of 54 subjects -36 CP patients and 18 healthy controls were enrolled for this study.

Background: Surgery and anaesthesia by itself is a stress. Although a normal patient goes through it without adverse effects, in a patient with insulin dependent diabetes it can lead to significant hyperglycaemic reaction. It was observed that a skillfully conducted regional anaesthesia is better as far as glycemic control is concerned and overall outcome of the patient postoperatively, compared to general anaesthesia (GA) technique. Therefore, we though it prudent to test our hypothesis on patients with well controlled diabetes, on insulin therapy, to compare regional versus GA technique.

Bilateral medial medullary stroke is a very rare type of stroke, with catastrophic consequences. Early diagnosis is crucial. Here, we report a case presenting with acute vertigo, progressive generalized weakness of all 4 limbs, dysarthria, and decreased single breath count. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that was done showed characteristic “heart appearance” shape at diffusion weighted (DWI), and confirmed bilateral medial medullary stroke. Other possibilities were excluded by lumbar puncture and MRI of cervical spine with screening of whole spine.

Background: Health is multifactorial and every individual’s biological makeup influences health through interaction with social and physical environments as well as behavior. In thermal power station different groups of employees are exposed to different working conditions and environmental factors at their work place in turn making them prone to various health hazards and succumbing to habits detrimental to their general and oral health. Objective: To assess the oral hygiene status and practices. Methods: A total of 294 thermal power plant workers were enrolled in the study.

Objectives: To combine Trendenlenburg Positioning of Patient and Intra Procedural Forced Diuresis during Shock Wave Lithotripsy to improve stone clearance rate for Lower Calyceal Stones. To compare the results obtained with that of Standard Supine Shock Wave Lithotripsy for Lower Calyceal Stones. Methods: A prospective study was done in Institute of Urology, MMC, Chennai between February 2015 to February 2016. All patients presented with isolated lowerpole renal calculi of size between 7-20mm were registered. Total number of patients included are 132.

Background: The clinical spectrum of neurosyphilis (NS) has changed over time. The majority of cases are reported in HIV-infected patients, but the epidemiology of modern NS is not well defined because of the paucity of population-based data. Objective: To describe the clinical spectrum and characteristics of NS in HIV-negative patients. Materials and Methods: Diagnosticated cases of NS by diagnosis-related group presenting at Centro Hospitalar Gaia-Espinho a period of 6 years were identified.

Atherosclerosis is the hardening and narrowing of the arteries and is caused by the slow build-up of plaque inside the walls of arteries. The clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis include myocardial infarction, stroke and sudden cardiac death. The prevalence of the disease is high, and approximately 50% of all deaths globally can be attributed to atherosclerosis. The concept of Dusumate Dam in Unani literature has been considered responsible for the development of Salabate Sharaeen (atherosclerosis) and Simane Mufrit (obesity).

In this study was aimed to investigate effects on the levels of plasma and rekto-anal tissue some biochemical and histopathological parameters of Polygonum cognatum Meissn extract on hemorrhoid rats. A total of 32 Spraque Dawley female rats, weighing 200-250 g were used in the present study. Thirty two rats were randomly assigned into 4 experimental groups (8 rats per group). They were allowed to adapt to laboratory conditions for 7 days. The study was conducted for 18 days. Rats were divided into the following groups: Control Group, Croton oil Group, Polygonum cognatum Meissn.

Introduction: Most of fractures of the shaft of the humeral shaft heal well when treated nonoperatively, nonunion is not a rare complication. The prevalence of nonunion as a complication of both nonoperative and operative treatment has been reported to be as high as 13%. Open reduction and plate fixation combined with autologous bone grafting can result in reliable healing of these humeral nonunions with excellent functional outcome. Material and Methods: Between 2009 and 2014, 30 nonunion cases of the humeral shaft were treated with open reduction and internal fixation by a plating.

Image fusion is defined as the process of combing more than one image from various environments of same scene into a single image. The resultant fused image gives more accurate information therefore information contents are increased in the fused image. It helps to diagnose the diseases like tumor, cancer, fracture in bones, ulcer and stones in the body etc. effectively.

Introduction: OHSS is a rare complication occurs following the use of assisted reproductive technologies. Most of the current literature describes spontaneous OHSS in patients with endocrine disorders, pregnancy with triploidy & invasive mole etc. But we describe an interesting case of spontaneous OHSS with its management, which mimics as ovarian malignancy in some aspect with no risk factor to develop OHSS. Case report: A 25yr old G4P0120 at 9+3 weeks was referred to us with severe abdominal pain & distension for 1 day.

Genetic Hemorrhoids is very common Ano-Rectal condition with high prevalence and there are large number of treatment modality available to treat this frequently occurring condition Materials and Method: This prospective was carried out in department of surgery Al-Ameen medical college bijapur from 2006 to 2016. It includes 400 patients of haemorrhoids treated with different modality of treatment (injectionsclerotherapy, rubber band ligation, ligation and excision hemorrhoidectomy and circular stapelerhemorrhoidectomy).

Aims and Objectives: To introduce K angle, a new cephalometric measurement to assess the sagittal jaw relationship. To define the mean value, the standard deviation for Kangle in people with the skeletal class I pattern and to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference between the mean value of Kangle between the skeletal class I, class II and class III groups. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five pretreatment lateral cephalograms (twenty-five each of Class I, II, and III) of patients between the age of 18 and 30 years were selected.

Dirofilaria repens is an endemic parasite in Mediterranean countries that mostly affects animals. Rarely, it can infect humans causing inflammatory subcutaneous swelling. We present a 67 years old male patient with history of chemotherapy for carcinoma bladder who presented with painless swelling about 2x1.5cm approximately 4cm from the lower lid. The mass was freely mobile with no signs of inflammation. The excision biopsy showed three filarial parasites of Dirofilaria Repens species in the mass with mild granulation around them. The serology was negative.

Pediatric mandibular fractures are less common when compared to the fractures of adults. The problem associated with mandibular fractures may vary from temporary or permanent loss of one of the important function of oral cavity like speech, esthetics and mastication. The management of these problems are also complicated due to the presence of tooth bud and potential growth difference. Among different management protocols the closed reduction with acrylic splint was found to be one of the safest, compatible with minimal or no complications.

Endodontic treatment of non-vital immature permanent teeth are a challenge itself, because of the size of the canal, the thin and fragile dentine walls and large open apex. The challenge has been faced by different treatment options like apicoectomy, apexification, regenerative and revascularization endodontics. The aim of the present article is to report three clinical cases of management of non-vital immature permanent teeth by using different treatment protocols. Child Patient with an age range of 8-10 yrs reported with a common chief complaint of pain.

Anemia is responsible for 40 to 60% of maternal death in non industrialized countries. The women are well aware about the tetanus toxoid , this can be used as an opportunity to give intramuscular iron to the patients for prophylaxis of anemia. The present study is used to evaluate the effectiveness of giving intramuscular iron as compared to oral iron for prophylaxis of anemia in pregnancy.

The saliva circulating in the mouth at any given time is termed as whole saliva and it comprises of a mixture of secretions from the major and minor salivary glands and traces from the gingival crevicular fluid. Like a mirror of the body’s health it contains proteins, hormones, antibodies and other molecules that are frequently measured in standard blood tests to monitor health and disease.

Aim: To check for Periodontal Treatment needs in school children of suburban Mumbai. Objective: To evaluate the Gingival disease in school children in suburban Mumbai. Materials and Methods: The data was collected from 409 students screened for signs of gingivitis in the age group of 10-18 in a private school in suburban Mumbai. All the children were otherwise healthy and had no signs of any other disease. Each student was checked for presence of dental caries, gingival inflammation and presence of malocclusion.

Lateral periodontal cyst is a developmental odontogenic cyst, mostly diagnosed radiographically as a well circumscribed or round radiolucency. Its location can often lead to misdiagnosis of having an endodontic origin. We report a classic case of lateral periodontal cyst arising in the canine-premolar region of a middle aged male patient with a brief on clinical features and review of literature.

Aim is to evaluate and correlate the levels of psychological stress, serum cortisol and hemoglobin among different types of oral lichen planus patients in both the sex. Material and Methods: Study group comprises of 60 oral lichen planus (OLP) subjectsand 30 healthy subjects in control group. HAD scale is used to evaluate stress anxiety and depression. 5ml disposable syringe was used to collect blood for measuring cortisol and hemoglobin and ECI chemiluminescence method was used for serum cortisol level evaluation.

By us postulated that evolution based biological mechanism of obesity have been connected with these processes as shift from the slow developed bioenergy accumulating regulations of early evolution times in the form as ADP + Pi + H+ + nH + memb.space, and the shortage of membraneredox potentials three - state line system, lack of O2 acceptor to more powerful energy accumulating systems as “Donators + membraneredox potentials three - state line system + O2 + ADP + Pi + H+ + nH + memb.

Background: Aims & Objectives of this study is to evaluate meniscal injuries using volumetric MRI(VISTA) and to compare volumetric protocol with 2D protocol considering arthroscopy as reference standard. The purpose of this study is also to determine whether volumetric MRI is superior to 2D MRI in diagnosis of injuries AND/OR can allow reduction in total imaging time without loss of diagnostic efficiency.

Missed canal is a collapse of success for a root canal treatment. Where the discussion of the anomalous anatomy comes, mandibular premolars have gained the credit for having it. When the tooth is having two canals, the buccal canal is much easier to be negotiated as compared to lingual canal. This report justifies a rare case of successful endodontic management of a mandibular first premolar with three roots along side diagnostic, inter-operative and postoperative IOPA radiographic and CBCT records along with a significant data on the incidence of extra roots in these teeth.

Acute Post streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is an important renal disease occurring in children. Typical clinical manifestations include rapid onset of gross haematuria, edema and hypertension resulting from a prior group A - beta hemolytic streptococcal infection. However, patients with APSGN sometimes present with atypical clinical manifestations often leading to delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis. Recognition of these unusual manifestations is important so that patient receives adequate treatment with decreased morbidity.

The most common and distressing symptom following general anaesthesia are nausea and vomitting which occurs in post operative period of 20% to 30% of patients. The aim of this study is to compare the anti emetic eficacy of ondansetron and palonosetron by comparing the incidence of post operative nausea and vomitting using each drug. It was seen in the study that with palonosetron the incidence of post operative nausea and vomitting was significantly lower as compared to the group that received ondansetron.

Electronic cigarettes are an alternative to nicotine deliveryhave been recently introduced &is considered a very popular mode of tobacco deaddiction. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature about the design, components & contents, effects, safety considerations along with the potential for smoking initiation and cessation. Patients should be counselled& educated regarding the usage. Though it’s increasing in popularity and readily available in many nations there are controversies regarding their safety& effective role in smoking deaddiction.

Background: Fibromatosis or desmoid tumors are rare (constitutes less than 3% of soft tissue tumor) benign tumors of musculo-aponeurotic origin with extensive tendency of local invasion causing morbidity. Case Presentation: We report a rare case of 30 year old male presented with left sided neck mass situated in left supra clavicular region. Ultrasonography and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of neck revealed well defined soft tissue swelling of sized 7cm x 8cmx 8cm, present in left supra clavicular region. patient underwent surgical excision of mass.

Background: CD14 is expressed principally by cells of monocyte/macrophage lineage and plays a pivotal role in the innate immunity to intracellular infections. Recent research findings have revealed an association between the CD14 gene promoter polymorphism and several major infectious diseases. The purpose of the present study is to confirm the association between CD14-159C/T polymorphism (rs2569190) and pulmonary tuberculosis. Furthermore, association of various serum based biomarkers would be helpful in understanding better susceptibility to the disease state.

Background: Anomalies of the dentition may involve either number or morphology and can occur either in the primary and/or permanent teeth. Based on the anomalies relating to number, supernumerary teeth are most common. Case Description: This article presents a rare case of a six year old boy with supplemental primary maxillary central incisor without a permanent successor. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the presence of a supplemental (type of supernumerary) primary central incisor in the maxillary arch.

Background: The aim was to describe the morphology of the mandibular symphysis and its correlation with the antegonial notch in adults from Dakshina Kannada with well-balanced faces and normal occlusion, individualized in terms of gender and facial type variables. Methodology: 90 pre-treatment cephalometric radiographs of Dakshina Kannada patients in the age group of 18-35 years, who presented with well-balanced face and normal occlusion were included. The sample was standardized according to gender and facial types. Various angular and linear measurements were carried out.

Background: Repetition of radiograph is a critical event in routine digital radiography. High repetition rate also consumes equipment life time, increases operational cost, decreases patient satisfaction, increase world load and dose of radiation to the professionals. Objective: This article aims to review published literature on the repetition rate of digital radiography including its associated factors, reporting, and interventions.

Supernumerary teeth are considered as a bizarre rise in the number of naturally occurring teeth. Only some examples of nonsyndromic multiple supernumerary teeth have been reported in literature. In this report, we present a case of multiple unerrupted bilateral supernumerary teeth without any associated syndrome in a seven year old child as a result of a casual finding during routine X ray study. A panoramic radiograph revealed multiple impacted supernumerary teeth which were diagnosed during routine radiographic evaluation.

Initially Deep Brain Stimulation was thought to act like the functional ablation, after many studies showed DBS acts by antidromic activation and that responses depend on both GABAergic and glutamatergic transmission. This understanding helps greatly on weighing the risk-benefits ratio of treatment, because the advances of psychosurgery technological benefits have dramatically increased while the risks have been reduced. In the course of time, we come to realize that different parts of the brain do different things.

Objective: Endocrown restorations are single unit prostheses fabricated from reinforced ceramics. These restorations are indicated for endodontically treated teeth, molars especially, that have significant loss of coronal structure. Endocrowns gain their retention from the coronal portion integrated into the apical projection that fills the pulp chamber space, and possibly the root canal entrances. Clinical Consideration: In this case report a new style Fixed Partial Denture is introduced.

Aims &Objectives: To assess and compare the oral health attitude, knowledge and practices of engineering professionals versus the site workers in Sriperumbudur region of Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. This study was aimed in order to conduct industry based community-oriented oral health promotion programs with the results obtained Materials and Methodology: Study group comprised of a total of 316 employees of the Construction industry from various Construction sites from Sriperumbudur region.

All businesses that survive in today's strongly competitive environment are proactive organizations which quickly adapted to change. These companies are organizations which can renew itself quickly when it needs to conversion, having good understanding of surroundings and trying to understand the world. The hospitals are the basis foundations of health services which could define like information extensively or labor-intensive organizations. Public health status is attempted to be upgraded by the use of extensively information in the health services.

Objectives: To correlate sella turcica bridging and canine impaction and to associate the impaction with angular and sectoral parameters. Materials and Method: Pre-treatment cephalometic and panoramic radiographs of the selected patients were obtained. Group 1 consisted of 25 patients with palatally impacted canines. Group 2 (control group) consisted of 25 subjects with normally erupted canines.The data obtained is analysed and compared between the groups. Results: there was a reduced interclinoidal distance among the subjects with impacted canines (P = 0.009).

Background: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a multifactorial disease and occlusal force has main role in determining the teeth health, chewing, muscle and TMJ function. Dysfunctional occlusal contacts can lead to disorders in dento-maxillary system, which may be accompanied by painful symptoms for the patient. Aim and Objective: To evaluate the digital occlusal parameters using T-Scan device that senses and analyses occlusal contact forces, occlusion time, and the effect of reducing disclusion time on symptoms of temporomandibular joint- muscular disorders.

The colon including the rectum is host to more primary neoplasms than any other organ in the body. Colorectal carcinoma is an important cause of cancer deaths worldwide, but has variable geographical distribution.In developed countries it is among the 3 most common cancers with an incidence of 570000 new cases per annum.Colorectal cancer in Kashmir valley is the 3rd most common gastrointestinal cancer after esophageal and gastric cancer as per reports.

The concept of the pelvi ureteric junction has been there for more than a century and yet there is no clear anatomical definition of this junction. Pelvi ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction is an impedance to the urine flow from the renal pelvis to the ureter. It occurs in 1:1000 to 2000 newborns and is the commonest cause of obstructive uropathy in children.1 The pathophysiology of pelvi ureteric junction obstruction in unknown.

Aim: To assess the knowledge, awareness and practice among dental practitioners regarding oral appliances in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Objective: The objective of this study is to analyse the knowledge, attitude, perception and practice among dentists in the city of Chennai regarding oral appliances in treatment of OSA and thus create awareness to ensure it’s early screening and proper treatment. Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) constitutes a major public health problem that affects the middle-aged population.

Aim: To measure the awareness of the general public about Systemic Lupus Erythmatosus, its clinical manifestations, treatment, consequences and co-morbidities. Objective: To assess the the awareness of the general public about Systemic Lupus Erythmatosus and its clinical manifestations. To assess the treatment, consequences and co-morbidities on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Background: Systemic Lupus Erythmatosus (SLE) is one of the autoimmune disease which is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies directed against nuclear antigens.

Background: Medical profession is demanding and stressful due to its high competitive nature. Studies from various parts of the world have shown that medical students experience varying degrees of stress which not only affect their academic performance but their personal behavior also. Aim and Objectives: Present study was undertaken to assess the perceived stress among medical students. An attempt is also made to find out whether they are aware of the fact that they are stressed and the cause for the stress.

Botox Cosmetic (Botox) is a formulation of the neuromuscular blocking agent botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A). The use of botox for enhancement of facial esthetics is most common procedure currently undertaken in clinical practice all around the globe. Dentists are highly knowledgeable and precise regarding facial anatomy and therefore it seems reasonable for them to be at the forefront in providing these services.

Aim: Which membrane out of resorbable and non-resorbable membrane is better when used for guided bone regeneration in dental implant cases? Materials and Methods: A systematic review of articles selected from MEDLINE, Clinical trials registry (India) and Google Scholar was carried out. Additional studies were hand searched. Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published from 1st January 1995 to 30th September 2015 were included in this study.

Nitrogen (N) is one of the most limiting nutrients in agricultural systems, in this way, the production of high quality soybean requires the nitrogen management in the soil is related to the profitability of the production system. This study aimed to evaluate the yield, seed quality and economic viability of late nitrogen fertilization on soybean.The experiment was conducted in a randomized block experimental design with four replications, with different doses of N: 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 kg ha-1, in which were conducted two trials (with use of urea and Ammonium sulfate source).

Butea monosperma is a medium sized tree, growing from 6 to 12 m high and the trunk is usually crooked and twisted with irregular branches and rough grey bark. It is seen in all its ugliness in December and January when most of the leaves fall, but from January to March it truly becomes a tree of flame, a lot of orange and vermilion flowers. The palas is sacred to the moon and to Brahma and is said to have sprung from the feather of a falcon impregnated with the soma the beverage of the gods and thus immortalized.

In many stuffed textile products, generally waste fibres from spinning mills are used to be filled. These natural fibres are susceptible of microbial infestation and can also infect human who comes into contact of this waste fibre. Thus, the study is aimed at the treatment of waste flax fibre with extract of green leaves of Azadirachta indica which can be extracted by indigenous method and screening for antimicrobial potentials of treated samples against the gram positive (Staphylococcus Aureus) and gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli).

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or kala-azar, a vector-borne protozoan disease, shows endemicity in larger areas of the Asia, Africa, South America, and the Mediterranean basin. WHO report suggested that an annual incidence of VL is nearly 200,000 to 400,000 cases, resulting in 20,000 to 30,000 deaths per year. Treatment with available anti-leishmanial drugs are not cost effective, with varied efficacies and higher relapse rate, which poses a major challenge to current kala-azar control program in Indian subcontinent.

The prominent economic activity in Guraici Island region is fishing of highly economical coral reef fishes such as grouper, emperor, and others. The main problem emerged if fishing activity is extensive and uncontrolled that will threaten or degrade coral reefs fish resource in the area. The objective of this research was to analyze the fishing optimization model of pink ear emperor (Lethirinuslentjam, Lacepede 1802) resource the level of coral reef conservation area changes in Guraici Islands, South Halmahera Regency.

This study was implemented to determine the effects of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inoculants and/or enzymes on the fermentation, aerobic stability and in vitro organic matter digestibility characteristics of alfalfa ensiled at different stages of maturity. Alfalfa was harvested at three levels including early, middle and full flowering stages. In this research, inoculant-1188 (Pioneer®, USA) and enzyme (Global Nutritech, TR) were used as lactic acid bacteria, enzyme and as lactic acid bacteria+enzyme mixture inoculants.

Manuka honey has been assessed for its nutritional and phytochemical composition, to predict doable clinical uses. The past and up to date literature reports the fortunate use of honey to manage a spread of wound aetiologies. Bacterial Infection of a wound could lead to tissue death, native drive, vessel occlusion and a rise in wound size, ultimately swiftness the healing method. Studies have reported that it’s going to with modestly decrease wound-healing time, act as a medicament, deodorize wounds, and enhance cell proliferation and enlargement in vitro.

In the present investigation, twenty five mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) germplasms were evaluated in 8 environments in West Bengal during the pre-kharif season (summer) for five years (2012–2016). The main purpose of the investigation was to estimate the stability of yield and maturity duration of twenty five germplasms for improving selection in mungbean. The study was conducted using a randomized block design with three replications. G × E interaction and yield stability were estimated using Eberhart and Russell model.

Several studies have demonstrated the effect of fertilizer on different crops; however, few contemplate the low yield of sesame obtained in most growing areas by production constraints associated with low-income cultivars or, because of non-application of fertilizers. The objective of this experiment was to verify the yield and quality of oil in two sesame varieties as a function of organic and mineral fertilization.

The mouth brooding Cichilid fish Oreochromis mossambicus (p) is found to be omnivorous and prolific breeder. The present study is on the assessment of condition of the male fish Oreochromis mossambicus from Daroji water tank, considering gonadosomatic (GSI) and hepatosomatic (HSI) indices, Fulton’s condition factor (K), somatic condition factor (KS), in relation to length and body weight. Ten specimens of male Oreochromis mossambicus were randomly selected every month from June to December 2016 for the assessment. The females and males can be identified on the morphological basis.

Helicobacter pylori are the major cause of chronic active gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric carcinoma. Currently, the eradication of H. pylori infection involved a triple therapy, which combines two antibiotic with a proton pump inhibitor. In this study, the aqueous and alcoholic extracts of olive leaf extracts (OLE) and Oleuropeinwere screened for their antibacterial activity against33 gastric biopsy specimensofH. pylori virulent isolates. Virulent H.

One of the reasons for the poor conversion of Siddha drugs from tall promise to therapeutically effective despite they are being formulated with time tested and laboratory proven herbal ingredients is due to the question of whether the herbs are present in the finished product. The present study has established the fingerprint perseverance of certain herbs on ‘as is basis’ and in the finished product. We have chosen anti dandruff oil, a scientifically and clinically proven Siddha drug for the present study.

The white spotted gecko Tarentola annularis (Family Gekkonidae) is a reptilian species found in the Middle East, Africa, and some states in the United States mainly Florida. A total of 40 specimens of this species were collected during the period of February –November 2016 from Abu-Rawash, Giza Governorate, Egypt; they were dissected and examined for the presence of parasitic infection. Only 35 (87.50%) specimens were found to be naturally infected with coccidian parasites.

Genetic diversity is pre-requisite for any crop improvement program as it helps in the development of superior recombinants and selection of parents with wider variability for different traits. Therefore, there is a need to diversify the genetic base of improved rice cultivars. To this end, 30 rice genotypes comprising both drought tolerant and susceptible were screened with 50 rice microsatellite markers to estimate the genetic diversity of the genotypes.

This article deals with the cestode parasites infecting some freshwater fishes of Manipur where the knowledge of fish parasites are less explored. The present study was carried out from 2015-2016. Five species of cestode parasites were collected during the study period viz., Lytocestus fossilis Singh, 1975; L. indicus (Moghe, 1925) Woodland, 1926; L. longicollis Rama Devi, 1973; Djombangia penetrans Bovien, 1926 and Ophiotaenia sp. La Rue, 1911.

One of the great challenges that face human is high mortality rate associated with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). The sepia ink extract was studied for its potential antigenotoxic, antifungal and antioxidant effects against Aspergillus fumigatus in comparison to the common antifungal drug amphotericin B. Thirty-six mice were distributed randomly into four equal groups. All mice were immunosuppressed and infected with aspergillosis. Group I did not receive any treatment.

Contamination of soil by hydrocarbons is becoming prevalent across the globe. This is probably due to heavy dependence on petroleum as a major source of energy throughout the world, rapid industrialization, population growth and complete disregards for the environmental health. The effects of hydrocarbon pollution on soil physical and chemical properties were investigated by using different methods. Physical analysis like Texture, pH, Lime status and EC were performed and concentration of Micro and Macronutrients were analyzed.

Some characterizations of S-α fuzzy semigroups by their S-α level subgroups are obtained. S-α fuzzy semigroups which have an identical family of S-α level subgroups are discussed. It is also derived a necessary and sufficient condition for two S-α fuzzy semigroups with an identical family of S-α level subgroups to be equal. Mathematical Subject Classification: 03E72, 08A72, 20N25.

In today’s world of cut throat competition for attaining maximum profits with minimum damage to the environment, imagine what would be the scenario if one is able to discover a methodology which uses the otherwise wasted energy for constructive purposes in the energy usage cycle primarily defining the functional process of that particular industry. Energy management thus becomes the inevitable aspect in any functional society. This paper identifies such a robust methodology of recovery of heat energy and its further use in the energy cycle.

The paper; discuss the concept of estimating and building the model process using association rule model, scanning item sets with their counts and design a novel, efficient, dynamic mining algorithm. (ARBSI) will not require rescanning the original database after collecting the data, even if a number of transactions have been newly inserted, and this will work regardless of the support value used and regardless of the confidence value used.

Theories of fuzzy relations occupy a central position in the field of research and development of mathematics. Recently regular semigroup has become very important and offers valuable results by applying fuzzy properties of many of its concepts. This study is an extension of the work “On Green’s Fuzzy Orthodox Semigroups". An important class of regular semigroups is an orthodox semigroup and some special classes of orthodox semigroups are a ‘Generalized inverse semigroups’. It endeavours to find out some important results on fuzzy generalized inverse semigroup.

In this paper, we use Kamal transform and Decomposition Method (KTADM), which is integrated of Kamal transform and Decomposition Method for solving the approximate numerical solutions of Predator-Prey systems. We can easily decompose the nonlinear terms by the help of special kind of Adomian polynomials. This technique provides a sequence of functions, which converges fast to the accurate solution of the problems. Finally, numerical examples prepared to illustrate and given to show the effectiveness and applicability of this method in solving these kind of systems.

The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of Hausdorffness in fuzzy biclosure space. We obtain some important results relating to fuzzy pairwise T2 space (in short FP-T2). In particular, we find that T_2 satisfy basic desirable properties viz. hereditary, productive and projective properties. T_2 Fuzzy biclosure spaces are “good extensions” of the corresponding concepts in a biclosure spaces.

In this present paper, we introduce new subclasses and of bi-univalent functions defined in the open disk Furthermore, we find upper bounds for the second and third coefficients for functions in these new subclasses using differential operator.

In this work We have investigated the magnetic ordering of Con/Ni systems with a first-principle calculation of the Density Functional Theory (DFT) ferromagnetic (FM) face-centered cubic (fcc) of Cobalt Con on Ni substrate for n=1-3 over layers. The relaxed ion, relaxed ion + volume, and non-relaxed electronic structures of the Con/Ni (111) crystallographic orientations are determined with generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and generalized gradient approximation + Hubbard (GGA+U). The onset of magnetism depends on the faces considered.

Importance of cyber security cannot be denied in the current evolving era of the Internet – where safety is no longer just a concern, it has become a #1 priority, as it affects both big reputed organizations as well as small business and individuals. Intrusion detection systems (IDS) are considered to be an efficient way for detecting and preventing cyber security threats. However, there has been not enough attention and awareness on intrusion detection and prevention systems, especially among small business and individuals.

A cloud point extraction (CPE) method was developed for the separation and preconcentration of trace amounts of lead using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) to determine trace amounts of lead in brinewater. The method was depend on the formation of the hydrophobic complex between Pb(II) and sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC) followed by its extraction into a Triton X-114surfactant.

In the present era of communication system, the requirement of image storage and transmission for image processing are increasing exponentially. This is why; the need for better compression technology is in extremely demands. In this paper, a gray image compression method using modified quantization scheme is proposed. This method having the advantages of BTC and quantization both. The BTC algorithm with quantization has some controlling parameters through which we can control the quality and compression of the image.

A simple, selective, precise and accurate High Performance Liquid Chromatographic method for the analysis of Acifluorfen in its formulations was developed and validated in the present study. The mobile phase consists of mixture of 0.05% phosphoric acid and acetonitrile in the proportion 20: 80 (v/v). This was found to give sharp peak of Acifluorfen at a run time of 10 min. HPLC analysis of Acifluorfen was carried out at a wave length of 225 nm with a flow rate of 1.0mL/ min.

The objective of this work is the study of adsorption behaviours of three dye solution (methylene blue, methyl violet & malachite green) using commercial activated carbon prepared from copper pod. Removal of these three dyes from aqueous solution using commercial activated carbon has been investigated through batch experiment. Batch adsorption studies were carried out by observing the effect of contact time, adsorbent dosage, pH and temperature.

The linear algebra plays important roll to almost all kinds of algebraic system. And the algebraic system in various natural sciences has the extremely widespread application. In this article, we collected a large number of data, describes how to the linear algebra to the transformation of the matrix, and its many kinds of algorithms, and even some algorithm program is presented.

Road constructed on an expansive soil needs special attention during the design and construction stages. This study investigates the possibility of using coffee husk ash as an expansive soil stabilizer. Coffee husk is a by-product of coffee beans: when coffee husk is burnt the resulting ash is coffee husk ash (CHA). To investigate the effect of adding CHA to an expansive soil, laboratory experiments such as Proctor density, swelling index, consistency limits and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests were performed for different percentages of CHA.

This paper attempts to present customers satisfaction perception towards service quality provided by Tunisie Telecom operators in Tunisia. For many years, the telecommunications industry has been seeking to adapt its technology to help operators remain competitive in a competitive environment fraught with sophisticated new services. Today, we witness a real shift from supply-oriented marketing to demand-oriented marketing, from product-oriented marketing to customer-oriented marketing, also known as push marketing, a loyalty marketing that is increasingly becoming relational in focus.

Adolescence is a transitional period from childhood to adulthood and is considered as a period of ‘storm and stress’ which is characterized by many changes and challenges. Due to the rapid growth and development of adolescents, most adolescents experience adjustment difficulties in emotional, social and/or educational aspects of their life. The present study was taken up to find out the Emotional, Social and Educational adjustments of adolescents and if there is any gender difference in adjustment level of adolescents.

Socio-economic condition is indicates the development of human life, like this tea plantation workers development also. They are depends the earnings form tea plantation, it help them to run their family. This study focuses about socio economic conditions of workers, in this case no significant relationship in age and gender. Hence, in the economy factor is no improvement of monthly income and monthly expenditure. Even though job opportunity avail for the workers. India is also such a country, where about 70 per cent of the labour force is employed in the agriculture sector.

William Shakespeare is regarded as one of the leading dramatist of his time. He was born on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-on-Avon. The son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden, he got education from King Edward IV Grammar School in Stratford. Shakespeare is often regarded as England's ‘National Poet’, and the ‘Bard of Avon’. His works consist of approximately 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses.

Malaysia’s tourism industry is deeply wounded following several unfortunate incidents in recent years. As a result, hotels across Malaysia are poorly performing compared to how they have performed in the past years. Although previous researchers confirm the influential roles of price fairness and service value in predicting customer satisfaction and hotels’ performance, previous researchers have failed to establish how well price fairness and service value increase price satisfaction and customer satisfaction.

Background and Aim: The development of our nation depends upon the development of all the villages and their condition. Thus the study encourages helping the development of farmers living in Kattusurai village of Sivagangai district in Tamil Nadu state. This study focuses on studying living conditions of farmers and to find out the problems faced by them.

The purpose of this study was relationship among anthropometric measurements and fast bowlers performance. The 82 male fast bowlers were selected from inter district level representation in Andhra Pradesh on non-randomly by purposive sample was used. Karl Pearson coefficient of correlation was used to Analysis of the collected data on anthropometric measurements are Height (0.585*), Ponderal Index (0.259*), Fore Arm Girth (-0.237*), Shoulder Width (0.364*) coefficient of correlation with fast bowlers performance was positively with significant level 0.05.

In the study, it is aimed to investigate the relationship between the strength performance values of the female volleyball players and the agility performance values.42 female volleyball players who have been playing licensed in İstanbul Pertevniyanl Sports Club for at least 2 years have participated voluntarily. Athletes are required to participate in any physical activity until 24 hours before the measurements. Measurements were made in two steps. First, the athletes' height and weight measurements were taken.

Study shows that there is a very innovative programmes organized by industry. Proper role and responsibility have to be allocated to all the trainers for the accountability. Training may receive the positive or negative results. Idea of training should not be rejected or over on getting the negative feedback. Infact, we should try to emphasis on the positive and should try to design the programmes on the base of need analyses and company objectives. Responsibility of training at each level of management should be well defined.

The purpose of this study is to scrutinize the indigenous environmental ethics of the Gedeo people, in Gedeo zone focusing on sage and elite informants on three randomly selected woredas. It is assumed that the views of both sage and elite informants represents the indigenous environmental ethics of the Gedeo people is holistic and implicit. Methodologically, qualitative research approach has been employed. Theoretically, the meaning, nature, significance and the roles of environmental ethics were discussed with the informants and a nexus has been sought vis-à-vis scholarly perspectives.

Sometimes referred to as older-preneurs, by others as senior entrepreneurs, third age entrepreneurs, gray entrepreneurs, and other names, persons aged 50 and over are starting businesses at a rate faster than any other age demographic. This phenomenon runs counter to the overall rate of new business startups which has been declining since the 1970’s. Research supports that baby-boomers are becoming senior entrepreneurs and often out-perform their younger counterparts in several ways.

Sometimes referred to as older-preneurs, by others as senior entrepreneurs, third age entrepreneurs, gray entrepreneurs, and other names, persons aged 50 and over are starting businesses at a rate faster than any other age demographic. This phenomenon runs counter to the overall rate of new business startups which has been declining since the 1970’s. Research supports that baby-boomers are becoming senior entrepreneurs and often out-perform their younger counterparts in several ways.

Sometimes referred to as older-preneurs, by others as senior entrepreneurs, third age entrepreneurs, gray entrepreneurs, and other names, persons aged 50 and over are starting businesses at a rate faster than any other age demographic. This phenomenon runs counter to the overall rate of new business startups which has been declining since the 1970’s. Research supports that baby-boomers are becoming senior entrepreneurs and often out-perform their younger counterparts in several ways.

Speaking is one of the most essential skills of language usage. In general, teaching and testing speaking ability is both difficult and time consuming. This paper will concentrate on the different methods used to test speaking ability. It starts by presenting a brief summary of the methods of testing speaking skills used in Saudi schools. It then discusses several of the problems and difficulties associated with testing speaking skills and describes some of the practical methods used. For example, it explains how computers can be used when testing speaking ability.

Blogs have the potential to increase reflection, sense of community and collaboration in the classrooms. Blogging has become an increasingly popular technological tool within an educational context. Blogs provide opportunities for people to publish their thoughts, opinions and feelings in an online environment. The potential of blog use in increasing student interactivity and collaboration has been explored by many educators. This study focused on teaching of blog B.Ed., students and found that the students were very much interested to learn psychology through blog.

The quality of human use water at the point of delivery to the peoples houses is related directly to the consumer's health. The current study assessed the changes in residual chlorine content with distance in water distribution system in Abu-Alkhaseeb district, Basrah city, South of Iraq. Collection of water samples have been done from the start point of the water treatment plants, mid distance and the taps at consumer households at an intervals of 1-2 km.

Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by developmental dystrophies of ectodermal structures. The X-linked recessive ED (Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome) is the most common disorder affects mostly males and is inherited through female and they become carriers.

Objective: To observe the effects of early treatment in elderly patients with hip fractures in terms of mortality at one year. Method: In this retrospective observational cohort study we compared the difference in one year mortality between two groups of the patients who were operated for fractures of hip. This study was conducted on patients who were hospitalized and operated for hip fractures from January 2014 to December 2014.

Class III malocclusion continues to be one of the most challenging problems confronting orthodontist and paediatric dentists owing to its unpredictable and unfavourable growth pattern. Although early orthopaedic intervention is recommended but still it is not customarily used because of poor patient compliance and convoluted appliance therapy. The following case report describes management of a 5-year old male patient in deciduous dentition with developing class III malocclusion by modified occlusal splint along with facemask.

Oral cancer is reported as the sixth most frequent malignant neoplasm in the world. Among all malignancies 25% are found in the oral cavity. Early diagnosis of malignant and potentially malignant disorders may help in reducing mortality. Clinical efforts in cancer therapeutics were concentrated mainly on invasive cancer. Such an approach has limited effect. A refocus on carcinogenesis is important with prime aim for cancer prevention. Plasma concentrations of ascorbate have been shown to be inversely associated with risk for developing cancer.

Imaging technology has revolutionized over the past few decades and has witnessed immense development, especially in the field of oral and maxillofacial imaging. The development of ‘Black bone MRI’signifies anew era of paradigm shift in maxillofacial imaging where thisMRI sequence for imaging cortical bone can be used as a potential replacement for CT. Using alow flip angle with short repetition and echo times, this sequence is optimized to minimize soft tissue contrastand enhance the bone-soft tissue boundary.

Aloe vera is the oldest medicinal plant ever known and the most applied medicinal plant worldwide. The plant leaves contains numerous vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids and other bioactive compounds with emollient, purgative, antimicrobial, anti inflammatory, anti-oxidant, aphrodisiac, anti-helmenthic, antifungal, antiseptic and cosmetic properties. Aloe vera has been used in dentistry for its wound-healing effects, gingivitis, plaque control & curing oral mucosal lesions. Aloe vera may also reduces pain and duration of oral ulcers by rapid healing.

The accuracy of impression materials in terms of both dimensional stability and detail reproduction is necessary for FPD and implant prosthesis. For this purpose polyvinyl siloxane impression material have become extremely popular. This material is known for their excellent elastic recovery, optimal accuracy, adequate tear resistence, satisfactory handeling characteristics and virtually ideal dimentional stability. VSE (Vinyl siloxane ether) is newly introduced material with additional benefits of hydrophilic properties.

The chromosomal region around 14q22-q23 containing bmp4 gene is extensively studied by genotyping to give evidence of linkage and one of the most functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of BMP4 gene, rs17563, is currently a research focus which is a promising in NSCL/P development. Aim: This study was done to identify Single nucleotide polymorphism that confirmed change from T to C at 538 nucleotide position (538T/C).

The chronic kidney disease is a public health problem in aggravation. The management requires best conditions for dialysis initiation. The national and international recommendations suggest multidisciplinary management of chronic disease. We report here the experience of "Lot-et-Garonne" regarding the benefits of a proximity nurses and dietitians counseling. Since its five years of existence, we would evaluate the impacts of the proximity therapeutic education offered by theses paramedical teams in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease.

The instrumental assistance of a second period of delivery is one of the more complex issues to be analyzed into the obstetrics practice because there are multiple factors related.Historically there were physicians for and against instrumental assistance of delivery. We can solve a complicated situation by the rigth use of forceps or vacuum into the skilled hands as we can produce maternal and neonatal morbidity with unwise use. Perhaps, the most important fact is that instrumental delivery constitute an valuable option in the final target of decrease the rate of cesarean section.

Introduction- Leukoplakia’s are premalignant lesions with a significant 0-20% potential for malignant transformation. There are various ways to prevent malignant transformation, surgical interventions are amongst one are recommended for their removal. Laser ablation is one of the favored procedures with sequential histopathology using one of the many types of lasers. The efficacy of such procedure with respect to the lesion location is, however, unclear. Many studies are contradictory. Some shows laser ablations as prevention of malignisation other see it as increased risk.

Introduction: One of the most common presentation of patients presenting to surgical OPD is heart burn or non specific abdominal pain. Over the years endoscopy has proven to benefit and aid in diagnosing the definitive causes of such clinical presentation. Among them those frequently encountered include GERD, biliary gastritis, reflux esophagitis and in some instances malignancy of upper GI tract can be diagnosed. Objectives: To retrospectively analyse the most common endoscopic finding in patients presenting with non specific abdominal symptom undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

The biliary tract is a complex organ system that performs the simple though vital task of collecting, storing, and delivering bile to the gastrointestinal tract. Diseases of the biliary tract can be extremely painful, debilitating, and occasionally life threatening. the complex development of the liver and biliary system in utero can result in multiple anatomic variations. An absolute knowledge of these anatomic variations with careful dissection and identification of structures at the time of surgery is a minimal requirement for the safe performance of any hepatobiliary operation.

Levetiracetam (LEV) is a broad spectrum anti-epileptic drug with renal elimination and no hepatic metabolism. LEV is a relatively well-tolerated both in adults and children. Various behavioral and psychiatric side-effects associated with LEV is been reported. Encephalopathy can occur concomitant with levetiracetam accumulation in a patient with chronic renal failure and also when administered along with valproate. This condition like encephalopathy and psychosis are reversible after down-titration of levetiracetam with no change of the renal function.

Background: Undiffrentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of vulva with osteoclastic giant cells is a diagnosis of exclusion. It is an exceptionally uncommon diagnostic finding which was eventually diagnosed in our institute and this required a methodical clinical approach and extensive immunohistochemical markers to rule out other probable diagnostic possibilities at this site. The quick diagnostic approach at our institute was ensued by operation. Case Report: 53 years old female presented with vulval growth to our institute. Incision biopsy was performed as a routine procedure.

Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the supporting tissues of the teeth caused by specific microbes, resulting in progressive destruction of the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone in the oral cavity. The ABO blood groups in determining the susceptibility to various diseases have long been a subject of debate and periodontitis is one among them.

Scientific language is supposed to be clear and concise. This is the reason why natural Sciences, in general, are expressed through mathematics and quantify their conclusions. Anthropological sciences, medical in particular, and of these, forensic psychiatry specifically use phenomenological descriptions. The quantification of a forensic psychiatric examination would generate language of maximum clarity and concision, lacking distortions from the way of thinking from the different types of experts dealing with such cases.

Aesthetic outcome of a grossly decayed or broken down tooth can be greatly improved by the judicial use of pedo posts. There are various types of posts that can be easily customized in a simple chair side maneuver. Yet, posts are not regularly used in primary teeth and there are very few documented cases of successful use of pedo posts. This is a case report of a modified omega loop used to restore a fractured anterior tooth.

Facing the crescent transmission of Zika virus in Brazil and elsewhere, the objective of this study was to analyze the number and features of publications since the discovery of the virus until May 2016. A bibliometric and integrative review of literature using the single descriptor "Virus Zika" to reach researches around the world. Were found 428 papers and 321 analyzed in this study, of which 59.8% were indexed in PubMed database.

In Complex case of drug extravasation wound with infection and high fever, V.A.C.® Therapy facilitated faster wound bed preparation, promoted formation of granulation tissue, and better graft take. In this case allograft from mother was used in combination with V.A.C.® Therapy for final closure.

Aim: To analyse the potential cognitive factors and family functioning related to adherence among type 1 diabetic mellitus adolescents in India. Method: Standardised tools such as Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (1983); Self Care Inventory-R(2001); Emotional Regulation(2003); Family Assessment Device(1983) was administered on 84 adolescents who had mean age of 15.4 years; their age of diabetes onset was 9.83 years; the mean duration of diabetes mellitus was 5.5 years; 37% boys were participants in the current study and 52% of the participants hailed from urban and semi-urban areas.

Background: Oral cavity reflects the general health status of an individual and is colonized by more than seven hundred species living in its own domain and balances the normal oral ecology. This ecosystem tends to get altered when there is a local or systemic disease. One among the systemic diseases, Diabetes Mellitus a common life style disease has an influence on the microbiota which in turn tends to shift the ecosystem.

In recent years, stress analysis of dental structures has been a topic of interest with an objective of determining stresses in the dental structures and improvement of the mechanical strength of these structures. The study of orthodontic biomechanics requires the understanding of nature of stress and strain induced by orthodontic forces. FEM is an engineering method of calculating stresses and strains in all materials including living tissues.

Drug delivery is the method or process of administering a pharmaceutical compound to achieve a therapeutic effect in humans or animals. For the treatment of human diseases, nasal and pulmonary routes of drug delivery are gaining increasing importance. These routes provide promising alternatives to parenteral drug delivery. Development of new drug molecule is expensive and time consuming. Improving safety efficacy ratio of “old” drugs has been attempted using different methods such as individualizing drug therapy, dose titration, and therapeutic drug monitoring.

Aims of the study: To study clinical presentation, complications and response to supportive management of cases of scorpion sting. Methods and Material: Thirty cases of acute scorpion bite were studied in detail and compared with previous data from literature. Results: All the thirty cases were brought to our hospital, among them twenty one cases were males and remaining nine cases were females, with their age ranging from 14 years to 62 years. Sixteen cases were farmers, six were housewives, five were students, two were truck drivers and one was manual labourer.

Aim: To assess and evaluate the effectiveness of sterilization of endodontic files by different methods (Autoclave, Diode laser and Glutraldehyde) with and without disinfection by ultrasonics cleaner. Methodology: The study was performed on 280 K-files to test the sterilization efficacy of autoclave, glutaraldehyde and diode laser with and without ultrasonics. Standard bacterial isolates of Bacillus stearothermophilus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus mutans and fungi Candida albicans were obtained and the pre-sterilized files were contaminated.

Introduction: Myopia of eyes characterized by a limited vision of remote objects while nearby objects appear in focus. It is the most common refractive error attacking (1). Several studies have revealed that increasing t prevalence of myopia over the past few decades, reaching up to 80% in some populations. (2,3). Objective: The primary objective of this study was to measure the prevalence of myopia among senior medical students, and the secondary objective was to identify any relationship between different types of study electronic and non- electronic methods used by students.

Strongyloides stercoralis is an intestinal nematode of humans. It is prevalent throughout the tropical, subtropical and temperate regions. It is endemic in hot and humid climates as well as resource poor countries with inadequate sanitary conditions. The rise of international travel and immigration has a positive impact in strongyloidiasis. Man is infected by filariform larvae of Strongyloides stercoralis. Due to its unique auto infection life cycle, Strongyloides may lead to chronic infections remaining undetected for decades.

Aim: The aim of this study is to find a potential alternative that can be used in place of the regular fixatives. Materials and Method: In this study, we will use sodium nitrite as a fixative. 5 samples of the tissue overlying the extracted teeth will be used. 30g, 35g, 40g, 45g and 50g of sodium nitrite were the concentrations. Background: Fixation is the foundation step behind the study of pathology and essentially exists to prevent the autolysis and degradation of the tissue and tissue components such that they can be observed both anatomically and microscopically following sectioning.

Aim: To evaluate the effect of bleaching products on the surface of composite restorative material Objective: To understand the effect of different bleaching products acting on the surface of tooth colored composite restoration before and after staining in various drinks Background: Tooth coloured restorations are composite restorations which are applied on the prepared cavity and hardened with a special light, which ultimately bonds the material to the tooth to restore or improve the persons smile. Various beverages such as tea, coffee, soft drinks, wine etc.

Aim: The main aim was to find appropriate and comfortable options to treat resorbed alveolar ridges. Objective: The main objective was to find a cure and appropriate options to for the augmentation of highly resorbed alveolar ridges in an effect to provide a much comfortable and reasonable option to completely edentulous patients in an effect to wear denture bases or treat the resorbed alveolar ridge to give an implant.

Oralcancers are sixth most common cancers worldwide. The objectives of our study were to give a precise description of our experience with surgical based therapy of oral cancer during the study period, to evaluate the use of various locoregional flaps in the reconstruction of post ablation oral defects. 20 patients of oral carcinoma were included who underwent excision of tumors with neck dissections and reconstruction with one or multiple locoregional flaps.

Objectives: In spite of extensive research and progress over the past few decades in prosthetic dentistry, a common objective for impressions of interim crowns or fixed dental prostheses is to register the prepared abutments and finish lines accurately. For all impression procedures, the gingival tissue must be displaced to allow the subgingival finish lines to be registered. Retraction is the temporary displacement of the gingival tissue away from the prepared teeth. Different techniques are mentioned in literature for this purpose.

Lipomas are benign soft tissue neoplasm of mature adipose tissue seen as a common entity in the head and neck region. Lipomas are extremely rare in oral and maxillofacial regions and consist of around 1 to 5% of all neoplasms of the oral cavity. However, they are the most common tumours of mesenchymal origin in human body. And although the etiology remains unclear, several theories have proposed the role of the pathogenesis of this adipose tissue tumour and also different histological variants of oral lipoma.

Aim: This case reports discuss the non-surgical correction of openbite using conventional biomechanics. Background: Open bite is a malocclusion that occurs in the vertical plane, characterized by lack of vertical overlap between the maxillary and mandibular dentition. Openbite can occur in the anterior and the posterior region and are called anterior openbite and posterior openbite respectively. The diagnosis, treatment, and successful retention of treated openbite malocclusion pose a challenge to the technical ability and skills of the clinicians.

Introduction: The popularity and credibility of alternative treatment modalities such as music therapy have increased over the past decade. The primary purpose of this study is to assess the effect of classical music therapy on behavioural parameters among preterm neonates. Methods: The research approach of the study was Quasi experimental with time series design. Classical music (Instrumental Flute) was played for preterm neonates with MP3 player for a total duration of 30 minutes at 20 to 30dB-SPL.

Aim: To compare and evaluate the penetrability of three different root canal sealers – An Invitro study. Materials and Methods: Eighty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were used in the present study. The teeth were decoronated and canal lengths were established 1 mm short of the apex and divided into 4 groups. Group 1 used epoxy resin based sealer, Group 2 used polydimethylsiloxane based sealer, Group 3 used calcium based sealer and Group 4 used zinc oxide based sealer (control). The canal system was prepared using the protaper universal rotary system.

Low back pain (LBP) is the commonest musculoskeletal disorder among industrial workers. The prevalence and risk factors of LBP in garment industry of North India have not been studied thus was the topic of interest. Data was collected from 1329 workers using pre tested questionnaire and clinical examination form. The subjects were divided in to 2 groups: workers with LBP (cases) and workers without LBP (control) based on presence or absence LBP at the time of examination. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors.

It is a documentary research of qualitative and quantitative approach, carried out through secondary data obtained through reports from relatives of patients with potential donor, female and male, patients diagnosed with brain death. That aims to know the reasons why the family not to authorize the donation of organs and tissues for transplantation. These records were made by a team of Organ and Tissue Procurement Organization (OPO Tapajós), a resident of the Lower Amazon Regional Hospital, in the city of Santarém, Pará.

Purpose: Diarrhea remains a major public health problem in the developing world. Diarrhea is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in children. This study investigated the bacterial enteropathogens causing acute diarrhea in Children Under 5 years with special reference to Diarrheagenic E.Coli. Materials and Methods: The study was carried at a tertiary care hospital, children under 5 years of age presenting with acute diarrhea were evaluated. The stool sample of the cases were investigated for parasitic and bacterial pathogens. The E.

Healthy diet helps children to grow develop and perform well in school. Healthy food also helps to prevent chronic diseases, such as heart disease, certain cancers, diabetes, stroke and osteoporosis that are leading causes of disability and death. Family, friends and personal beliefs, including cultural and environmental considerations, play a major role in people's food selection. The nutritional assessment process includes two phases: screening and assessment. The definitions of nutrional screening and assessment vary slightly from one setting to another.

Purpose: Dermatomycosis, the most common of mycotic infections, occur worldwide. In an epidemiological survey done in India, the prevalence of superficial fungal infection was 27.6%, out of which dermatomycosis was 75.6% and non-dermatmycosis was 24.4%. Rapid confirmation of dermatomycosis and onychomycosis is desirable because it allows the clinician to initiate appropriate therapy without delay. The existing modalities such as Calcofluor White stain requires fluorescent microscope whereas KOH is less sensitive compared to Calcofluor White stain.

Excessive gingival display and gingival hyperpigmentation are major concerns for a large number of patients visiting the dentist. This problem is aggravated in patients with a gummy smile or excessive gingival display while smiling. This case report represents a simple surgical technique to de-epithelization which has been successfully used to treat gingival hyperpigmentation caused by excessive melanin deposition and crown lengthening procedure in a 14 year old female patient. Highlighting the relevance of an esthetically pleasing smile, especially in smile conscious individuals.

Aim: Which of the following amongst Immediate, Delayed, Progressive Implant loading protocol is better for implant placement in the maxillary posterior region? Materials and Methods: A systematic review of articles selected from MEDLINE, Ebscohost and Google Scholar was carried out. Additional studies were hand searched. All articles that were published in English or those having detailed summary in English were included. Only those articles that were published between 1st January 1985 and 30th September 2016 were considered.

Peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) is a non-neoplastic reactive gingival overgrowth occurring frequently in the anterior maxillary region. Occurrence of POF in mandible is uncommon as compared to maxilla. It represents up to 2% of all oral lesions involving gingiva that are biopsied. In this case report we are presenting a case report of POF in mandibular anterior region in a 65 year old female. This case report describes the clinical features, etiopathogenesis, histopathology and treatment.

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of DWI (diffusion-weighted imaging) value of ADC (apparent diffusion coefficient) in early diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. Methods: From 2015 October to 2016 June this study investigated in 60 patients underwent diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with 3.0-T MRI, 30 liver cirrhosis patients and 30 healthy controls (control group). DWI was performed with b values of 0 s/mm2, 500 s/mm2 and 800 s/mm2. ADCs of liver were measured using in the right posterior lobe, right anterior lobe and left lobes of the liver.

Introduction: Pregnancy causes stress on thyroid gland especially in areas of iodine deficiency. Women with pre-eclampsia are more likely to have slightly reduced thyroid function during the last weeks of their pregnancies. Objectives: This study was to assess changes in serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) and Free Thyroxine (FT4) in pre-eclamptic cases compared to second-half normal pregnant and non-pregnant Sudanese women and their correlations to other biomarkers. Methods: This was a case-control study, in Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Sudan.

Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor (AOT) is a benign odontogenic tumor arising from the Odontogenic epithelium without odontogenic ectomesenchyme. Peripheral variant of Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumour (PAOT) is relatively a rare entity which has been infrequently reported in the literature. These uncommon clinical variants of an AOT typically manifest as a soft tissue tumor of the gingiva with an identical histopathologic presentation as their intraosseous counterpart. Only fourteen cases have been adequately documented so far.

Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma encompasses all malignancies originating in the oral cavity and there is need for improvement in early detection of oral carcinomas because treatment is more effective and the morbidity is minimal. Cytological study of oral cells is a non-aggressive technique that is well accepted by patients and an attractive option for early diagnosis. AgNORs study provides understanding of the tumoral behavior since their frequency, size and cell arrangement have been reported as a discriminatory factor between certain suspected lesions.

Introduction: Thryrotoxic periodic paralysis is a rare complication of thyrotoxicosis presenting as sudden onset of weakness of both lower limbs and sometimes of all four limbs. The complication can occur in a patient with other symptoms of thyrotoxicosis or previously asymptomatic individual. Case report: We report the case of a 40 year old male who presented with sudden onset of weakness of both lower limbs with no sensory or bladder symptoms. On examination, patient had a power of 2/5 in both lower limbs, hypotonia and absent reflexes.

Endobronchial tuberculosis is rare nowadays. Endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is known to complicate pulmonary tuberculosis and can occur in the absence of parenchymal lesion, and is less recognised which can lead to difficulties in diagnosis. We report a 60-year-old woman who presented with symptoms of cough, shortness of breath and wheezing simulating bronchial asthma. A rare case of endobronchial tuberculosis presented as central tracheal mass in CT scan suspecting malignancy. Patient was sputum smear negative for acid fast bacilli.

Hospital acquired infections are a burden to patients as well as health care providers due to enhanced costs. Urinary tract infections are frequently noted in health care settings and are often associated with indwelling catheters. Biofilm producing pathogens are isolated frequently from patients with catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) and are more difficult to treat due their higher antimicrobial resistance and persistence.

Myasthenia Gravis is an autoimmune disease characterized by weakness and fatiguability of skeletal muscles, with improvement following rest. It may be localized to specific muscle groups or it may be generalized. The incidence of myasthenia gravis is cited as 50 to 142 cases per 1 million and women in the age group of 20 - 30 yrs are most commonly affected. It is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by a decrease in acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction secondary to their destruction or inactivation by circulating antibodies.

Intrusive luxation is defined as dislocation of tooth into the alveolar process that causes damage to pulp and surrounding structures of tooth. As a consequence of this type of injury, maximum damage occurs to the pulp and all the supporting structures. This case report presents the case of surgical removal of a severely intruded Type III maxillary primary lateral incisor due to trauma. A 5-year-old boy was referred to the clinic 1 day after a fall. Clinical and radiographic examinations suggested severe Type III intrusive luxation of the right primary lateral incisor.

Academic performance is the ability of students to cope with their studies as well as how various tasks assigned to them by their instructors are accomplished. Many studies were conducted by previous researchers have discussed the different factors that affect students' academic performances. The aim of the study is to determine the factor affecting academic performance among female nursing student. A descriptive design was used in this study. The study was conducted in Nursing College at Taibah University (Saudi Arabia).

The connective tissue has a characteristic morphology. Spindle cells are one such group of cells which have a unique variation & its appearance is exhibited by various cells. A few of them are fibroblast, myofibroblast, smooth muscle cells, pericytes & so on. The cellular architecture, histomorphology, ultrastructural properties, immunohistochemistry & other salient features have been described in our paper. Also this paper is an attempt to assemble almost all the spindle cells together under one draft.

The era of elementary medicine where there were primitive methods of health practice has undergone changes by leaps & bounds. Today, the ever changing world of medicine and science is full of ideas and concepts in a mind-boggling array. The inroads of scientific & evidence based research into medical practice in terms of diagnosis, management & even perception of medical treatment are changing the future of medicine.

This study is carried out to investigate the sublethal (1/10th of predetermined LT50/96h) effect of Lead acetate on some biochemical parameters of an estuarine fish, Mystus cavasius (Ham.). The parameters measured were Glucose (mg/dl) and glycogen (mg. g–1 wet tissue) in the liver and muscle tissues over a period of 12 hours. The results of this work clearly indicated that lead induced significant elevated levels of blood glucose or Hyperglycemia was found in the treated groups than controls. Also, the lead caused depletions in the Glycogen content in liver and muscle tissues of M.

An investigation was carried out to analyze the antipyretic activity of the marine mollusc Babylonia spirata. Methanol extract of Babylonia spirata was subjected to antipyretic activity on Wistar albino rats by Brewer’s yeast induced pyrexia. The extract when administered at a dose of 400mg/kg body weight caused significant antipyretic activity by lowering the body temperature (37.12±0.13) at 3 rd hour compared to standard drug paracetamol (37.51±0.14).

Hearing loss (hearing impairment), is a partial or total inability to hear. A deaf person has little or no hearing. Hearing loss may be caused by a number of factors, including: genetics, ageing, exposure to noise, some infections, birth complications, trauma to the ear, and certain medications or toxins. According to modern medical science, there are three type of hearing loss: 1) conductive hearing loss, 2) sensory neural hearing loss, 3) mixed hearing loss. In Āyurvēd, hearing loss described as a Bādhirya.

A fibrinolytic enzyme was produced by Pseudomonas putida B-18, isolated from soil. Screening of protease enzyme activity checked on milk nutrient agar, followed by fibrin agar plate for its fibrinolytic activity. Soy meal wheat powder broth used for the production of enzyme. Enzyme purification was done by ammonium salt precipitation, dialysis and DEAE cellulose. Native PAGE performed for the determination of molecular weight of the enzyme. In vitro blood clot lysis found within 19h of incubation.

Adult male Indian Monitor Lizard (Varanus bengalensis) was presented with a swelling on the both fore limb near the site of distal end of radius bone and metacarpal region in Snake Park of Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park and Wildlife research Center Katraz, Pune. Palpation of swelling indicated that it might be abscess hence opened it was pasty pus. Swab was processed for antibiotic sensitivity test. Cavity was cleaned with Hydrogen Peroxide liq and applied Calendula liq. Cultural examination revealed presence of Citrobacter freundii Complex & Klebsiella oxytoca.

The evaluation of pollen viability and its germination capacity are two essential criteria for pollinator’s characterization. This study was carried out to determine in vitro pollen viability and pollen germination in a medicinal plant Guaiacum officinale L. belonging to the family Zygophyllaceae. To study the role of boron in pollen germination and pollen tube growth, pollen grains were cultured in standard medium or Boron deficient medium.

In this review article we have described the systematic position, common names, characteristics, chemicals isolated, harmful effects on ecosystem, allelopathic effects of leaf and stem extract of Parthenium hysterophorus on some selected seeds of crop plants such as Phaseolus mungo, Cicer aeritinum, Pisum sativum, Cajanus cajan and Zea mays in brief. Effects on animals and human beings have also been discussed. For the control of Parthenium management practices such as manual, chemical, bioherbicidal, biological and by useful utilization have been discussed.

In the Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary, premonsoon (March-June) was characterized by high air temperature, low percentage of relative humidity and occasional rain. The monsoon season (July –September) had high percentage of relative humidity and higher rainfall. On the other hand the postmonsoon season (October-February) was characterized by lower temperature and lesser precipitation. The pH of water of the sanctuary remained slightly acidic during monsoon season. Conductivity value was maximum during summer and minimum during winter months.

The current investigation was on synthesis, characterization and molecular docking studies of novel 4-anilinoquinazoline derivatives for their anti-tumor effects.The synthesized novel 4-anilinoquinazoline derivatives were characterized using 1H and 13C Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Infrared (IR) and mass spectroscopic analysis. Compounds PR (1-6) were screened for cytotoxicity assays against various cell lines such as HCT116, K562, SKBR3 and EAC cell lines using MTT assay, trypan blue dye exclusion and LDH release assay.

Samples of unicellular microalgae were collected from different locations of Pune city of Maharashtra state, India (Latitude 18.5203° N, Longitude 73.8567° E). The microalgae isolate was selected based on its morphology and ease of cultivation at our test conditions. By further microscopic analysis this culture was identified as strain of Chlorella vulgaris. On carrying out media optimization using different media’s it was seen that Chlorella showed best growth in Modified Chu’s 10 medium.

Knowledge of the diversity and ecology of fungi in forest stands is important for understanding the interactions between these microorganisms and plant communities. The objectives of this study were to collect, identify and classify macroscopic fungi (Agaricomycetes) found in forest fragments and adjacent areas in the Forest Research Center of the Fundação Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuária (FEPAGRO) and surroundings, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Pectin is the one of the major component of plant cellwall which maintains structural integrity of cellwall. They can be modified by pectinases such as pectin methylesterases (PMEs) which catalyses the demethylesterification of homogalacturonans releasing pectate and methanol, playing important roles in growth, development and seed germination. The activity of an enzyme PME affects the cell wall porosity and elasticity by allowing water uptake. The control PME activities by several proteinaceous inhibitors have a direct effect on the regulation of various processes in plant physiology.

Understanding the biological phenomena of sequence, structure, function, metabolism, and molecular interactions of species is crucial to identify or analyze the biological problems in the ideal way. Integration of all data facilitates unified access to the key problem.

Chickpea is an important pulse crop of India which plays an important role in meeting the domestic and export demands. India, despite being the world’s largest producer of chickpea it imports a considerable amount to meet the domestic requirement. The present level of export is not consistent and exhibits high variations in volume and revenue earnings because of frequent ban on the export by the country. In this paper, the dynamics of changes have been measured in the export of chickpea from India to different export markets employing the Markov-chain model.

Chonemorpha fragrans is a medicinal plant used in Indian medicinal systems for the treatment of skeletal gynaecological disorder, stomach disorders, respiratory diseases, rheumatism, skin diseases, diabetes and jaundice. The plant extract shows antipyretic, antidiabetic, anti-parasitic, anticancer and anti-HIV activity. According to International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the plant is considered to be endangered medicinal plant in the Karnataka and vulnerable in Kerala state of India. The threats for the C.

Acne vulgaris - a skin disease of the face and chest causing pimples, papules and scarring in adolescent children; has been found to be concomitant with the commensal skin bacteria Propionibacterium acnes. The commonly used drugs for the treatment of acne have many detrimental side-effects. For centuries Curcuma longa and lauric acid have been used in herbal medicines for various ailments including acne.

A laboratory experiment was conducted at the Weed Science Laboratory of Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani (Sudan) in 2007. The experiment adopted the El Mubarak (1998) improvised disc technique. Tentatively, Striga seed germination and attachment of germinated striga seeds to roots of four legumes species namely, Bambara nuts, Vignasubterranea; ground nuts, Arachishypogoea; Clitoria, Clitoria spp. and Desmondium spp) were tested and two sorghum cultivars (Wad Ahmed and ArfaGadamak) were used as checks.

This communication deals with the description and illustrations of two undescribed species of Cercosporoid fungi viz. Cercospora pachyrhizicola, sp.nov. and Curvularia tremae sp.nov. growing on the living leaves of Pachyrhizus angulatus Rich., (Fam.Fabaceae) and Trema orientalis Blume (Fam.Ulmaceaee), collected from Murshidabad district, West Bengal, India.

Recent studies on DNA-based approaches show a promising trend in the rapid description of biodiversity. Traditional morphology-based assessments are timeconsuming and require specialists whose numbers are insufficient and dwindling. A DNA-based method called DNA barcoding has been proposed as a rapid means of cataloguing species. Hebert et al., (2003) specifically suggest the employment of DNA sequences as taxon ‘barcode’s and propose that the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase I (COI) serves as the core of a global bio identification system for animals.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are a major cause of morbidity leading to serious long term complications. Profile of uropathogens and the pattern of their antimicrobialsusceptibility vary widely in different geographical regions. The present study was undertaken to determine the bacteriological profile and antibiogram of uropathogens isolated from catheterized and non-catheterized patients at a tertiary care centre. Urine samples were collected from patients with UTI attending a tertiary care hospital.

Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees. belonging to the family Acanthaceae is known as Talmakhana in Unani and Kokilasha in Ayurveda system of medicine. It is a small, spiny weed found in most places throughout India. The plant is widely distributed in India, Srilanka, Burma and Nepal. The Plant Seeds, root and leaves are used for medicinal purpose.

2, 6-dithiol-4-ethylphenol (DTEP) as a photometric reagent for the extractive spectrophotometric determination of Copper (II) is presented in this paper. The reagent DTEP in the presence hydrofobic amins gave instantaneous and stable blue colour with Copper (II) in the pH range 6.2 to 7.7. The Beer’s law was applicable in the range of 0.05 - 4.0 μg/ml at 534-540 nm. The Limit of Detection (LOD) is found to be 8.5-8.7ng/mL. The stoichiometry of the complex is established as 1:1:1 (M: L: Am) by equilibrium shift method. The standard deviation and the coefficient of variance are presented.

There are various processes for treating wastewater and one of the most efficient is biological treatment, which consists of reducing the organic load, the elimination of pathogens and the reduction of dissolved solids. The biodisks are part of a secondary biological treatment system, known as attached growth. In the system of Conventional Independent Biodisks (hereafter, CIB), the support for the microbial fixing consists of several parallels and disks with a short distance between each of them and with a central axis passing through their centres.

The concept praposed here is on the real time automotive application of invigilating the performance of the induction motors which monitorthe torque and efficiency byemploying wireless sensor networks (WSNs). A strong embedded systemis deployed for getting electrical signals from the motor ina constructive manner, and then performing local processing fortorque and efficiency estimation. The values calculated by the embeddedsystem are transmitted to a monitoring unit through an RF-SMD based WSN. Various motors canbe monitored in real time, at the base unit.

The use of activated carbon-MnO2 nano composite for the removal of Bismarck Brown Y, a most widely used basic dye has been studied. The effect of several parameters such as adsorbent dose, contact time, initial dye concentration, pH and temperature has been evaluated. The adsorption data were analysed by using adsorption isotherms like Langmuir, Freundlich and Tempkin isotherms. The study has found that the nano composite adsorbent play an effective role in removing the Bismarck Brown Y from its aqueous solution.

This study reports the analysis of the ambient air in Kurnool city, Andhra Pradesh State, India employing air quality index (AQI) simplified public information and data interpretation. The frequency of sampling is twice a week with 24 -hourly average concentrations of three major criteria pollutants, viz. Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Carbon monoxide (CO) for the year 2015 (December) to 2016 (November) at four different selected locations in Kurnool city.

Now a days, PVC flex sheets (Banners) are used for almost all kinds of advertisements or information. These low cost and durable materials are flexible and almost unaffected by sunlight, heat and rain. They have been used for political popularity, public and private advertisement, religious festivals, family functions etc., These banners are mostly thrown away as landfills which cause environmental pollution.

The effectiveness of an E-commerce website is vital to E-business success. Therefore, it is important to accurately evaluate the performance of E-commerce websites. Many website evaluation methods have been proposed and used. However, though these tools have covered remarkably broad factors, social media as well asregional and service-relatedfactors are usually not taken into consideration.

The spray forming process is the process in which a molten metal is impinged by inert gases which results in atomized droplet. The resulting metal droplets while on flight and in residence time inside the spray cone cools rapidly before impinging onto the substrate. The temperature of smaller droplet drops down very fast and strikes the substrate in solid state while larger droplet strike the substrate in liquid form. Therefore to get the mushy droplet impinging on to the substrate knowledge of the thermal history of droplet is of utmost important.

Over the past few decades, mobile and wireless communications as well as Internet have been the most profound and important technologies in information technology that are rapidly growing and continuously changing human life.

In the present work, the effect of drying on properties of pear samples (Deveci) was analyzed by microwave energy drying at microwave powers of 2000W and 2800W. The drying was carried out using a microwave belt dryer at a rate of 0.175 m/min, 0.210 m/min and 0.245 m/min using pears with a slice thickness of 5 mm until the moisture content reduced at a rate of 10.1 ± 0.5 (w.b.). The energy consumed during drying was calculated, and the optimum results were obtained at 2800 W microwave power and at a drying rate of 0.175 m/min.

Microwave curing (MC) is a method that can accelerate hydration of cement, which results in rapid strength increase of mortars. This study investigates effect of microwaving curing on the strength of mortar the effect of MC (460 W,5, 10, 15, 30 mins) and the effect of MC (700 W, 5, 10, 15, 30 mins). MC can be used to determine the hydration degree of the mortars and rapid strength increase of mortars. Additionally, Newton, Page, Henderson and Pabis, Geometric, Wang and Singh drying models were compared with each other to determine the moisture content at a given moment in the dryer.

There is a significant body of extant published literature about Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and the impact his insights into Vedic Science have had on the modern academic disciplines, on applied areas of personal and collective life, and on the future.

Land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) is a key driver of global environmental change and has important implications for many national and international policy issues (Nunes and Auge 1999; Lambin 2001). Rani-Garbhanga Reserve Forest is located in Kamrup East Division of Assam. It has witnessed significant decline in forest cover. The growing population pressure on the forests for timber, fuelwood, fodder and other forest products, poor management on the part of the forest department, smuggling of trees are some of the major factors for accelerating the degradation process.

The water resources of İstanbul, which is the biggest city in Turkey, confront environmental problems brought about by the increasing population, urbanization and industrialization. Particularly, the change in urban population affects water resources as well. Water resources for sustainable life are of great importance ecologically, economically and sociall. Treatment of industrial wastewater before being discharged into the receiving environment is one of the essential factors for sustainable environmental management.

Value chain analysis (VCA) of implementation is sequential event of business activities, we justification sicle of research and development, design of production process or not, productions or not, marketing, distribution, and customer services. Based on literature reviews conclude the relationship between VCA of implementation and management accounting systems, budget tightness and perceived environmental uncertainty. Because that is CEO need any information’s to support day to day decision making and business activity. The research method using the explanatory research.

This research was intended to survey the practices and challenges of mother tongue as a medium of instruction with reference to Sidaamu-afoo. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, a descriptive research design was used. To this end, a total of 144 teachers were randomly selected from 36 first cycle primary schools in Sidama Zone; the schools were also selected in like manner. The teachers were made to fill in a close-ended questionnaire, and a semi-structured interview was held with 12 teachers who were randomly selected from those who had already filled in the questionnaire.

Academic staff is an essential and the most important component in the process of achieving the mission and vision of an educational institute. Because academic staff members are the first line of contact with students and requires complex work in an increasingly demanding environment (Fang-Mei Tai, 2014). At present satisfied academic staffs form the sources of competitive advantage.

The paper compares and examines the effects of socio political and socio economic condition of the country on Five year plans in Pakistan. The main objective of the study was to compare the various Five year plans to observe the effects of political instability and governance on framing and implementation process. The research is based on the Documentary analysis of the various Five year plans along with other government and nongovernment studies.

From past to the present, lessons learned from structural behaviour of buildings during destructive earthquakes have been used to advance construction techniques, and more recently, such lessons have fostered the development of methods and techniques to have more engineering interventions and preservation disciplines on historically or culturally important structures. Generally, post-earthquake damage assessments will offer an opportunity to understand why historic buildings fail, and will provide information that can serve as the basis for their seismic improvement.

The main physical factors influencing the diversity of phytocenoses are the climate and geomorphology. The latter’s various aspects can modify, for example, the spatiotemporal structure of the temperature, rainfall, humidity and evaporation. These changes result in a set of biotopes whose varied biocenotic responses correspond to a dense floristic mosaic. Among these responses, due to their small size, the vegetation inversions represent specific cases.

The study sought to establish the influence of trainee teacher perceived competence about computer on integration of computer technology into future teaching practices. It was carried out in five public TTCs in the Rift Valley Province. This study employed correlation research design. The research population for the study was all teacher trainees in pubic teacher training colleges in Rift Valley. The colleges had a total population of 5,075 student teachers.

Village Autonomy Policy, through a validation of Law No.6/2014 about Village, had given a status for any villages in Indonesia as autonomous region. Village government would have wide rights and discretions in managing village potentials. However, the practice of village autonomy was not good yet after all. Village Autonomy Policy, therefore, required governance innovation through electronic government. This research was aimed to review the implementation of village governance based on electronic government (e-government) in village autonomy era. The research used qualitative approach.

There is hot wave in India to adopt digital transaction for all economic activities in India 97% economic activity is in pure CASH The Government’s step to cancel 86% of high value notes in 500 & 1000 on November 8 2016 has disturbed the rural economy where the banks have rare presence. Six lakh plus villages have yet to see the new notes. India witnessed in the last two months of 2016 rural economy in shambles. Government‘s intension to adopt digital was to withdraw high value notes and adopt cashless work.

Expansive soils have caused significant damage in pavements and households; this damage leads to substantial economic loss in the world. In Mexico, around 12% of the territory is made of expansive soils and due to the problems that they cause, various techniques have been developed so as to stabilize them, which include mechanical and chemical methods, among others.

In Georgia there are many sources, whether natural or anthropogenic, which causes environmental pollution by arsenic compounds. Arsenic sulfide ore mining, processing and production of arsenic-containing drugs was carried out for decades (Racha-Lechkhumi and lower Svaneti). In the Article is presented studies of eco-chemical conditions for soils contaminated areas with arsenic industrial wastes (in the village Uravi - Ambrolauri Municipality, village Tsana - Lentekhi Municipality) and surface water (River Tskhenistskali and Lukhuni) 2014-2016years.

With the increasing scale of trade, need was felt for quality based, informative and reliable accounting standards. Hence, the ASB formulates Accounting Standards for India giving due consideration to International Accounting Standards. But now, trade has to give global level crossing all jurisdictions and regions. The integration of global economy demands a set of accounting standards which are generally accepted all over the world for facilitating the countries doing trade in a more simplified way of accounting.

In the present review, we accumulated the information on cancer, the second largest killer disease (the first being coronary heart disease) in the developed countries, and its prevalence in different regions of the world. Cancer is characterized by loss of control of cellular growth and development leads to excessive proliferation and spread of cells. This review mostly focused on the colorectal cancer, one of the most familiar cancers and cause of cancer death in developed countries. In India it has 6.3% out of an all 28 cancer reported.

Cancer is a disease characterized by out of control cell growth. It is also the common term for neoplasm, or tumors that are malignant. All cancers are caused by the malfunction of genes that control cell growth, division and maturation, which later progresses to abnormal or uncontrolled cell division. Chemotherapy is responsible for the long term survival of patient with malignancies. Chemotherapeutic treatment has deleterious effect on both normal cells and tumor cells provided that certain normal cells of oral mucosa which divide rapidly are also affected.

Mayer- Rokitansky- Kuster- Hauser syndrome is characterized by vaginal atresia and a spectrum of uterine anomalies, including absence, hypoplasia, and duplication. Patients have a normal female karyotype, external genitalia, secondary sexual development and normal ovaries. Renal anomalies, usually agenesis and rarely ectopia or hydronephrosis, occur in about 40% of patients. Skeletal abnormality co exists in about 10% of patients. Patients with arrested development of mullerian ducts most commonly present with primary amenorrhoea.

With the rapid development of technology a range of medical and surgical modalities with lasers are available in various fields of dentistry. Soft tissue lasers are widely used by the clinicians for their potential advantage over conventional surgical methods. Use of laser technology has encroached all the areas of dentistry. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the current and possible future of clinical applications of lasers over the conventional surgical methods.

Introduction: There are a lot of misconceptions and cultural taboos relating to breastfeeding practices .Cultural practices are related to food avoidance, restricted diet during pregnancy and after childbirth. Some of these problems can be overcome if the woman is informed antenatally about the benefits of breast-feeding and other important things .Cultural factors and household food security situation have been identified as underlying factors that influence the nutritional status.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin D3in response to the treatment ofstage1treatment-resistant depression. In this clinical trial, 64 patients with treatment-resistant depression in the age range 18-65yearsreferred to Ziaeian Hospital were enrolled. Patients were randomly divided into two groups of 32 patients in each group and in addition to the main treatment for depression, in group A, vitamin D was administered and group B, received placebo of vitamin D.

Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the effects of different intracanalmedicaments on chemical structure and microhardness of dentin. Materials and Methods: Twenty Four human dentin discs were obtained from intact third molars and randomly assigned into three treatment groups. The threetreatment groups were irrigated with NaOCl, treated for four weeks with either 1 g/mL triple antibiotic paste (TAP), 1 g/mL - modified triple antibiotic paste (MTAP), or calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] and finally irrigated with EDTA.

Introduction: Nephrectomy has been a standard surgical procedure in practice performed for neoplastic and non neoplastic conditions of kidney with end stage diesease. Aim: A retrospective review of histopathological lesions encountered in different age group & genders among all nephrectomy specimens received in department of pathology. Methodology: Study included total 100 nephrectomy cases over a period of 3 years from July 2013 to June 2016. Result: In this study the most common lesions were inflammatory (66%), followed by malignant neoplasm (32%) and benign neoplasms (2%).

In view of importance of herbal drug standardisation, it was contemplated to carry out the heavy metal determination in papaya fruits which were procured from gandi maisamma fruit market, Hyderabad, Telangana. The extract were subjected to general phytochemical screening and estimated for metals like copper, iron, magnesium, nickel, sodium and zinc in the hydro alcoholic extracts by using ICPOES. It’s an alarming bell for human kind if the heavy metal content is more than permitted level cause lethal effects.

Aim of study is to assess the awareness of jaundice associated with leptospirosis among college students. The students’ feedback are evaluated to investigate the awareness of jaundice which is developed from leptospirosis infection. Jaundice can occur due to obstruction of bile duct, hemolytic diseases and sometimes viral due to the spreading of hepatitis. Factors such as rate of incidence and exposure to cases, and people prone to risk of infection are taken as consideratio n for the survey.

Multidrug resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major cause of nosocomial and community acquired infections and is on the rise. The glycopeptides vancomycin has been proposed as the drug of choice for treating such infections. The present study aimed at identifying the methicillin and vancomycin resistance staphylococcus aureus from tertiary care hospitals in Vidarbha region, (M/S) India. This study presents the report of methicillin and vancomycin heteroresistance in Staphylococcus aureus isolate from clinical samples.

The study included the collection (50) urineSample, and through the results of the transplant bacteriological the circles MacConkey agar and blood agar and central Eosin Methylen Blue, diagnosis phenotypic and biochemical, were obtained (10) isolation belonging to the typeproteus mirabilis (20%).

Objective: To analyze the antibacterial activity of crude extract of Garlic (Allium Sativum) ex vivo as a mouth rinse and compare their efficacy with chlorhexidine gluconate 0.12%. Materials and Methods: A solution made with white clone of garlic was used as a mouth rinse and compared with conventional chlorhexidine mouth rinse.

Aim and objective: To investigate and determine the knowledge and level of awareness of the outpatient population visiting dental hospital in Chennai about lymphatic filariasis. Method and Materials: This study was done by distributing 121 questionnaires to the outpatient population visiting dental hospital in Chennai who were willing to participate. Result and discussion: 62% of the study population has heard or knew about LF and 45% had come across people with LF. People who have heard about LF mostly gets information from the school (38%) followed by mass media (31%).

AIM & OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness amongst the general public of chennai on oral submucosal fibrosis. MATERIALS & METHOD: A questionnaire consisting of 12 questions on the topic, oral submucous fibrosis,was constructed and circulated amongst the general public of Chennai. The data retrieved from the survey was processed using Microsoft Excel. BACKGROUND: People are not aware of potentially malignant disorders of the oral cavity and hence don't take adequate measures to prevent it from occurring.

Enterococci have changed over the previous century from being an intestinal commensal life form of minimal clinical significance to turning into the second most boundless nosocomial pathogen and is connected with extensive mortality and horribleness. Ginger is an important spice in Thailand. In 2001, Thailand grew more than 30,000 million tons of ginger. It is widely used as an ingredient in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and other industries. Thus, the present study indented to determine the antibacterial activity of ginger oil against clinical isolates of Enterococcus spp.

The management of biomedical waste is very crucial for prevention of infection as it can bring risk and hazard for people and environment. Health care unit especially dental and medical professionals can bring harm to their patients for every seconds if the waste is not managed properly as they are the ones whom being exposed to patients. Good level of awareness and adequate knowledge will help to minimize the risk transition of infection. Hence, this survey is conducted to assess the students' knowledge and attitude towards biomedical waste management.

Cervical cancer is the second most common disease that affect women globally. Everyday there will new cases and deaths occur in tremendously. Although this cancer is considered to be a preventable health problem, adequate knowledge on cervical cancer is a paramount of importance. The objective is to validate a questionnaire used to assess level of general knowledge upon cervical cancer including its primary and secondary prevention. This is to create an awareness on cervical cancer and to explore the preventives measure of this disease.

Oral malignancy is the major health problem worldwide. Sixteen million new cases of cancers are estimated by 2020. Inspite of various advancement in treatment modalities including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the survival rate has not been increased. Chemopreventive agents are essential micronutrients whose role is extensively known in physiological and also in pathological state associated with malignancy. This paper highlights the mechanism of action how chemopreventive agents suppress the carcinogenesis and also related to the clinical trials.

There has been an increasing level of stress among the school teachers who shoulder diverse responsibilities. To detect the stress levels, a model stress questionnaire was circulated among 116 school teachers of a private school after taking informed consent. The response was obtained from 98 teachers of which 72 were female staff. Leading questions were asked whether they had experienced any stress symptom in the last year. The questions included eighteen stress symptoms.

Sixty-six traditional cotton accessions (Gossypium spp), collected in Benin, and were characterized by a set of 31 agromorphological traits established by UPOV and IPGRI. The evaluation was carried out during the 2011-2012 rainy season through a randomized complete block design at Cana CPE. Statistical analysis showed very highly significant differences between accessions for the 15 qualitative characteristics observed. The accessions Q111, Q122, Q95, Q93, Q135, Q92, Q71 and Q90 have characteristics of higher qualities.

The pollutants and drastic environmental variation have also adversely effected and changed water qualities i.e. colour, hardness, turbidity , alkalinity, pH. COD, BOD and TDS etc. Aquatic life, thus, also is affected. Changes in morphology of fish like- colour, pigmentation, length, weight mass, structure of scales, finrays etc. may occur. This cannot be ignored that the afore-mention variation may be responsible to develop new varieties or sub species. Unfortunately, negligible work is done in relation to fish fauna of the area in recent-past.

In recent years, nanotechnology has been explosion. Nano-structured materials are attracting a great deal of attention because of their potential for achieving specific processes and selectivity, especially in biological and pharmaceutical applications. Nanotechnology has become one of the most practical technologies, because of unique physical and chemical properties of nanomaterials. Our studies discuss recent advances in the synthesis, characterization, toxicity and antibacterial effect of TiO2 nanoparticles obtained mainly through biogenic processes.

Apple candy were prepared by steeping in 2% salt solution (blanching with erythrosine colour (T1), green colour (T2), with water (T3), with lime orange (T4)) and 2% lime solution (T5-blanching with erythrosine colour, T6 green colour, T7 with water, T8-with lime orange) and then candy was stored for 2 months various physio-chemical properties & shelf life were tested at 0, 20, 40 and 60 days after storage. Statistical analysis and physio-chemical evaluation of the data was carried out and observed the effect during storage.

This paper is investigated a common fixed point theorem in a metric space which generalizes the result of Jha (2007), using the weaker conditions such as Weakly compatible mappings and establish a unique common fixed point theorem for four self-mappings satisfying Lipschitz type contractive condition.

In this article, by electrochemical method obtained monosulfide solution and its electrochemical properties has been studied for the first time using the method of removing the anodic and anodic-cathodicpotentiodynamic polarization curves on rhodium electrodes. The influences of temperature for oxidation process of monosulfide ions was investigated. The resulting polarogram presented in oxidation reaction of monosulfide ions to elemental sulfur process.

Gas Tungsten Arc Welding [GTAW] of aluminum requires high skill due to high thermal conductivity. In this research, pulsed mode welding is carried out to find out the best possible parameters for obtaining high tensile strength and maximum weld quality. Here AA5083 is considered for it large area of applications.

Three vanadyl complexes of bidentate Schiff bases from vanillin with anthranilic acid (VA), 4-aminoantipyrine with vanillin (4AV) as well as 4-aminoantipyrine with furfural (4AF) have been synthesized and characterized using elemental analysis, FTIR, UV-Vis, ESR spectroscopic methods, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductivity measurements and thermal analysis. These complexes have the general molecular formula [VO (VA)2.H2O], which is found to be a non-electrolyte, while the others with general molecular formula [VO(L)2.(H2O)]SO4, where L= 4AV or 4AF were 1:1 electrolytes.

This paper proposes a Harmonic Reduction with Transformer Connected Multilevel Inverter arrangement employing a series connected transformer to suppress 7th, 11th &13th order harmonics (generated by non-linear loads).In the proposed scheme sinusoidal PWM signal generation technique is used for three phase multilevel VSI in conjunction with series connected transformer .The proposed model eliminates the need of output filter inductor. With this control strategy harmonic components of output voltage and switching losses can be minimized considerably.

Deterioration of structure is occur due to poor workmanship, poor maintenance, adverse atmospheric effects, natural calamities and etc. The aim of this paper is to assess strength of corroded reinforce concrete beams by using Non-Destructive Test (NDT) methods such as half shell potential test, Rebound hammer test, and ultrasonic pulse velocity test . These experimental results are compared with Artificial Neural Network. Total six reinforced concrete beams (150x150x1000) mm were considered. An impressed current was induced to beams with two different degree of corrosion (5%.

This paper deals about the Power Factor Correction (PFC) in Brushless motor drives by comparing various DC-DC converter. Power factor corrected converter is essential to improve the Power quality (PQ). Speed control is done by Voltage Source inverter (VSI). In order to reduce conduction loss and number of components, diode bridge rectifier is eliminated. It is used to operate in DICM mode. The Brushless DC motor is fed by bridge rectifier with a elevated rate of DC-link capacitor. It consequences in extremely pulled supply current and a poor power factor.

Some properties of conjugate secondary k-normal bimatrices are introduced. Some of the equaivalent conditions on con.sk-normal bimatrices are given.

This paper presents the interrelatedness between poverty and disability in Kenya. Poverty causes disability through malnutrition, poor health care and poor living conditions. This leads to secondary disabilities for people who are already disabled. Disabled people in Kenya are among the poorest due to stigmatization and discrimination as they cannot fully participate in the economic and social life of the community.

The increased generation of food waste is a global and national problem. It has several facets, all of which can benefit from a clear understanding of the size and nature of the food waste generated across all phases of food production and consumption cycle. Food donation is the best and easiest method to reduce food waste and reduce the global issue of hunger. The objective of this paper is to review the waste of food, to reuse food waste in simple and easy method in order to reduce food waste to maintain healthy environment.

One of the major factors influencing educational product is parental behavior. Infact, parental influence on the child’s personality remains throughout life, the most pervasive of all influence. The study was conducted with the 200 students of Senior Secondary class (male and female) from Navodaya Vidyalaya selected randomly from two Districts. Standardize Tool was used for data collection. Findings of the study predicted that parental involvement and academic achievement for the whole sample was positively correlated.

This article is about Presently HR departments are becoming Strategic Partners in the organization. The role of HR, examines specific strategic activities that HR leaders can engage in choosing strategy options, designing the organization structure to support strategy, and evaluating merger and acquisition opportunities. It means how certain HR skills, activities and organization design elements offer unique opportunities for enhanced contributions in specific strategy areas for them to be an effective Strategic Partner.

In the present study, the chemical characteristics of groundwater with respect to drinking and irrigation water quality in Arasalaru Sub-Basin have been studied. 50 groundwater sample were collected and analyzed for pH, Total Dissolved solids, Total Hardness, Calcium, Magnesium, Carbonate, Bicarbonate, Chloride, Sodium, Potassium, Sulphate etc. The values analyzed were evaluated in detail and compared with WHO water quality standards. It is observed that, for most of the groundwater quality parameters, the values are not potable for drinking and irrigational use.

Detailed documentation for the mineralized quartz veins and the wall-rock alteration zones at the Abu Khalag region reveals that the mineralizationoccurs along narrow discontinuous shear zones, and mostly hosted by green-schist assemblages. Shearing processes and retrograde metamorphism are one of the causes of remobilizing the auriferous quartz veins and re-deposit them at the appropriate physiochemical traps.

An extensive Soil survey was conducted to study the effect of irrigation water on soil sodification, in terms of soil Residual sodium carbonate (RSC) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), in a typical black soil of Karnataka and it was carried out in Bilagi and Bagalkot taluk of Bagalkot district. The soil SAR and RSC varied greatly up on different sources of irrigation water. The values of SAR ranged from 1.78 in canal + borewell irrigated soils to 19.08 in lift irrigated soils. Most of the studied soils (117 samples) were found to be safe from sodicity hazard with < 10 SAR values.

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