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Plagiarism Detection

IJCR is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 20%. So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies.

August 2016

Diabetic foot is a common complication of diabetes mellitus which affects 15% of diabetic patients in their lifetime. Effective management of diabetic foot can reduce severity of complications such as preventable amputations and possible mortality, and can also improve overall quality of life. The Wagner classification is most commonly used for grading diabetic foot ulcers. Wagner developed a classification system and a treatment algorithm for each grade of ulcer. He asserted that ischemic index derived from Doppler flow pressures is an essential baseline test to predict ulcer healing.

Oestrus Synchronization is a reproductive tool that assist farmers breed their animals within a Shorter predetermined time. Oestrus Synchronization is aimed at controlling the luteal phase of oestrus cycle using two major devices.(a)Using prostaglandins or its analogues to reduce the life of the corpus lutea or induce premature luteolysis.(b) Using exogenous rogester one to prolong the life of the corpus lutea, especially when the reproductive status of the goats is not yet determined. Use of prostaglandins is more effective in cycling goats.

Background: Biosafety is a concern in all health sector services. Confronted with a high biological riskboth for patients and professionals in dentalcare and due to the constant development of new technologies, information, equipment, material and behavioral attitudes in this area. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess sterilization and infection control practices that are followed by private dental practitioners in East Delhi region.

Aim and objectives: The aim of this study was to compare evaluate the quantitative formation of smear layer at the coronal, middle and apical thirds of root canals after using five different systems under the scanning electron microscope. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 75 extracted single-rooted human premolars. The teeth were divided into five experimental groups of 15 each. Group 1 was Control Group (Manual NiTi K-flexfile), Group 2 was Hyflex CM Files, Group 3 was ProTaper Next Files, Group 4 was Twisted Files and Group 5 was WaveOne Files.

The importance of male to women´s sexual and reproductive health promotion was officially recognized by International Conference on Population and Development. Increase male involvement may therefore improve maternal health and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to appraise the involvement of men in antenatal, labour and postpartum care services in different regions of the world.

Microbial quality of cosmetic products affects their shelf-life and effectiveness. A total of 30 (thirty) unopened cosmetic samples were studied. The methods employed in the analysis included physicochemical characteristics, microbial challenge test while preservative concentrations was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that less than 10% of the samples contained microorganisms. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the only isolate recovered from the samples. The preservative capacity of 63.3% of cosmetic samples was ineffective, while 36.7% passed the test.

Environmental factors have a profound effect on the microbial quality of cosmetic products. Research works have been done investigating effects of the factors singly. In this work, the microbial quality of the samples and the effect of environmental factors such as temperature and pH with change in time on the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa obtained by culture were examined.

India is the developing country with a population of 1.21billion. 70% of the Indian population resides in rural areas with little health care facilities and the major share of health facilities is taken up by the urban areas where only 30% of the population resides. Therefore, India has a universal health care system run by the local (state or territorial) governments. Universal health care is health care coverage for all eligible residents of different regions and often covers medical, dental and mental health care.

Osteoporosis is a global health problem both in developed and developing countries. Community education forms an important part in the management of osteoporosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate knowledge and awareness about osteoporosis and identify their sources of information. Study samples are school teachers and rural women belong to age group 35-55. Knowledge was assessed using osteoporosis questionnaire and analysis was performed using Minitab software. Of the total sample 96% had heard osteoporosis and 35% reported television as the major source of information.

Background: Intraocular pressure measurement (tonometry) has prime importance because it is the most significant risk factor for the development and progression of glaucoma, and due to the presence of numerous types of tonometers, it is important to compare between different tonometers readings [in this study Goldmann and Tono-pen (AccuPen)] Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of theAccuPen tonometer in our clinical practice by comparing the measurement of intraocular pressure using this method with that using the Goldmann applanation tonometer

Background - SCCs (SCC) of the gingiva are relatively rare tumours. Many unique features of gingival SCC clearly delineate it from oral SCC arising in other sites. Gingival SCC can mimic a multitude of oral lesions, especially those of inflammatory origin.1 Objective – to retrospectively evaluate the number and presentation of cases of gingival and alveolar ridge SCC reported in a period of two years. Methodology - Outpatients records, in the Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology and Forensic Odontology, SDS, KIMSDU were retrospectively evaluated.

Noonan syndrome (NS) is a rare genetic disorder, which may occur as sporadic or inherited as autosomal dominant or recessive trait. It is a multifactorial condition that is characterized by a series of congenital malformations including facial anomalies, post-natal growth development, webbing of neck, pulmonary stenosis and undescended testicles in boys. NS can be confirmed genetically by the presence of any of the known mutations.

Ageing is a multifaceted process that is determined not only by the passage of time, but also by certain psychological, physiological, social, economic and cultural factors. Loneliness is one of major problems elderly face. The main requirements of old people today are social, health and financial security apart from those related to psychological and emotional support, which can only be derived by family members and friends. This study is an attempt to find the loneliness experienced by elderly residing in the institution and also at home.

Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Seed (Rudraksha) has been claim by Ayurveda and various scientific literatures for giving Antiageing property to human body giving better harmony to our body and mind. When practice with yoga and meditation, Rudraksha generate piezoelectric effects on our body and it has the ability of to generate an electric charge in response to applied mechanical stress. If Rudraksha is claim to possesses such kind of amazing medicinal property one should check the wearer blood sample for immune system and wearer BP, Diabetics, heart rate ,hemoglobin for physical fitness.

Giant cell fibroma (GCF) is an extremely rare histopathological entity characterized by uninucleated or multinucleated giant fibroblasts subepithelially, representing 0.4 - 1% of total biopsies. Etiology is unknown and there are various controversies regarding origin of giant multinucleated fibroblasts. It clinically presents as an asymptomatic, pedunculated or sessile growth less than 1 cm in size. A 30 year old male patient reported with a small growth over the tip of the tongue.

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is often used as a solvent in vitro and is widely used in in vitro ear models. However, data on the cytotoxic effects of DMSO are scarce. We examined the cytotoxic effects of DMSO on rat inner hair cells (HEI-OC1 cells). Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay after exposure of HEI-OC1 cells to DMSO at different concentrations for various times. Exposure to >0.1% DMSO for 24 h decreased the viability of human middle ear epithelial cells. Exposure to >1% DMSO for 4 h decreased the viability of HEI-OC1 cells.

Purpose: The worldwide prevalence of diabetes mellitus has risen dramatically in the developing countries. Diabetic retinopathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes, has a significant impact on global health and that may threaten patient’s visual function. There are limited studies on knowledge, attitude and practice on diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in rural population. Such data are extremely important to plan the public health policies.

Adenomyoma is circumscribed nodular aggregate of benign endometrial glands surrounding endometrial stroma with leiomyomatous smooth muscle. The presenting complaint being abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea and abnormal uterine bleeding. The aim of reporting this case is to highlight adenomyoma as the cause of chronic /acute pelvic pain and to distinguish it from it’s sinister causes and to establish laparoscopic diagnosis and resection as the earliest method of intervention. Here we report a case of lady presenting with severe pain in abdomen for 2.5 yrs.

Aim: To clinically assess and compare cryosurgical therapy with tetrafluoroethane (TFE) and surgical scalpel technique in gingival melanin depigmentation. Twenty periodontally healthy, esthetically inclined males and females, with black gums were included in the study. Split mouth design was carried out in anterior maxilla and for each subject; area extending from mesial surface of right central incisor to distal surface of right canine was designated as Group A and treated with cryosurgical therapy.

Middle ear surgeries require hypotensive anaesthesia which is a technique to decrease intraoperative bleeding and improve the quality of the surgical field for better visualization. Dexmedetomidine is a new generation highly selective α-2 adrenoreceptor agonist. It decreases heart rate and arterial blood pressure by reducing norepinephrine and epinephrine plasma levels.

This is a case of an individual having bilateral canines with two canals. This is a rare entity and is often misdiagnosed leading to failure of endodontic treatment. The mandibular canine is usually considered a single-rooted tooth with a single root canal. However, twocanals and more occur rarely. This paper reports the case of a patient with bilateralmandibular canines with single root and two root canals.

Developmental dental anomalies in human beingsare like fusion, gemination, concrescence, taurodontism, congenitally missing teeth etc; amongst them congenitally missing teeth is observed as one of the common developmental anomaly and is seen occuring in primary as well as permanent dentition. Hypodontia is a common developmental anomaly; however, oligodontia is a rare occurrence. Oligodontia can be syndromic or non syndromic. Non syndromic oligodontia cases involving primary and permanent dentition have rarely been reported in the literature so far.

Background: Good oral hygiene and the use of appropriate brushing technique is essential for the best of oral health. Bad oral hygiene is a conducive environment for dental caries, halitosis and a host of other dental problems. Good brushing techniques play an important role in the prevention of these problems. Purpose: Aims to evaluate the knowledge of patients of their routine brushing technique that they routinely use, and aspects of their oral hygiene and practices. To spread awareness of various tooth brushing techniques and their suitability in various oral conditions.

Aim: To analyze and determine why dentistry is a prospective career option among students. This study investigates the factors influencing the career choices of dental students Objectives: The study was designed to measure the level and distribution of satisfaction of dental students and to explore the associated factors. The study also set out to identify the reasons for choosing a career in dentistry and the factors that play a vital role in making that choice. The other objective was to understand the mindset of undergraduates about the profession.

Pain during AV fistula puncture is a common problem in patients undergoes haemodilaysis. Cutaneous stimulation is an independent nursing intervention that advocated relieving pain and the nursing practice is qualified to give it accurately. Cryotherapy is a form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The study concluded that the cryotherapy is an effective intervention to reduce pain during puncture of arteriovenous fistula among patients of haemodialysis.

Introduction: It is an established fact that sex of an individual can be determined from the dental pulp tissue in living as well as the dead using Barr-bodies. However to establish that which technique is better suited for Barr-body estimation is yet to be compared. Aim: The objective of the study is to compare histopathology and cytopathology techniques for determination of Barr-bodies in human dental pulp tissue. Material & Method: A study sample of 40 teeth all extracted for the purpose of orthodontic or prosthodontic treatment and periodontically compromised teeth were selected.

Back ground: Unstable intertrochanteric fractures which lack either posteromedial buttress, lateral buttress, or both, after stabilization with a dynamic hip screw (DHS), these fractures tend to have excessive fracture collapse, with significant limb shortening and occasionally fixation failure. In general for treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures, two options exist: extra medullary or intramedullary stabilization. Currently controversies still exist about a suitable device for an unstable intertrochanteric fracture.

Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the commonest causes for acute abdomen in any general surgical practice(1,2). From the time that it was first described by Reginald Heber Fitz in 1886(3).Aims and objectives : To assess the RIPASA scoring system and the Modified Alvarado Scoring System (MASS) for the diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis, and compare them with respect to 1) Sensitivity 2) Specificity 3) Positive predictive value 4)Negative predictive value 5)Diagnostic Accuracy.

Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is rare entity of breast simulating carcinoma clinically and its aetiology being unclear. We report this case as how idiopathic granulomatous mastitis can mimic other breast disease, correct diagnosis , treatment may prevent recurrence and avoid various iatrogenic complications.

This project aimed to evaluate the carbohydrate histochemical profile in the small intestine and colon of indigenous rabbits at different postnatal ages. To conduct such investigation, forty eight offspring at different postnatal ages (1, 10, 15 and 40 days of age) were collected and set equally into four groups. Specimens from the wall of duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon were prepared for different histochemical staining techniques (PAS, Alcian blue, Aldehyde fuchsine and Toluidine blue).

The main aim of the study was to assess the heath-related physical fitness in Indian school children. For this purpose, a cross sectional purposive sample of 437 male children into seven age groups i. e. 12 (N=63), 13(N=59), 14(N=63), 15(N=63), 16(N=63), 17(N=63) and 18(N=63) years belong to middle (N=215) and higher secondary (N=222) schools. The random sampling method was employed for the purpose of data collection from various schools running in the tribal region of Sarguja division in the state of Chhattisgarh.

Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonotic diseases worldwide, caused by the infection of Brucella spp. Despite of extensive research, till now no licensed vaccines are available against Brucella infection for human application. In the present study, a recombinant chimeric protein rGB contriving immunologically active regions of Gapdh and bvrS from B. abortus S19 was constructed, cloned and expressed in E. coli host cell.

Surgery for thyroid disorders are of several types depending on the amount of tissue that is left behind rather than the amount of tissue that is actually removed. In this regard, the thyroid surgeries that are widely practiced at present are total thyroidectomy, near-total thyroidectomy, hemithyroidectomy and the recent advance being the laparoscopic procedures.

Esthetics is prime consideration of adult patients. An adult patient has a negative reaction toward the conventional fixed orthodontic appliances mainly due to esthetic reasons. Lingual Orthodontics has become an alternative treatment technique for those patients who would like to have beautiful smiles but are more concerned about unsightly labial brackets. Lingual Orthodontics as a multibracket appliance began in the 1970s. It was started in Japan by Fujita K. This article reviews the historical perspective, development of lingual brackets and recent advances of lingual brackets.

The practice and significance of medicinal plants and traditional health systems in answering the health care problems of the world is ahead cumulative attention. As of this revival of interest, the investigation on plants of medicinal importance and applications is growing phenomenally at the international level, often to the detriment of natural habitats and mother populations in the countries of origin. Garciniagummi-gutta is medicinal plant with medicinal applications. In this review article described the features of Garciniagummi-gutta.

The present study tries to explore the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Vs Music Therapy on Anxiety amongs Elderly residing at selected Geriatric Homes. Anxiety is a normal emotion. All human beings develop it as a means of Protection from danger and threat when we perceive danger. The present study aims to investigat the Effectiveness of progressive muscle relaxation versus music therapy on anxiety among elderly residing at selected geriatric homes at pune city. For this study data was collected randomly from Janseva Foundation’s Old age Home, pune from 150 Elderly.

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is mainly related to atherosclerosis, tissue destruction, and inflammation. Reactive oxygen species are involved in the pathophysiology of inflammation and atherosclerosis. In this study, activity of (Myelopeoxidase) MPO, Catalase and levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Nitric oxide (NO) were determined in 50 AMI patients and 50 healthy controls. Unit of MDA as nmol/mL (99.42 ± 52.84, 35.72 ± 11.63) and MDA levels (5.6 ± 1.5, 3.88 ± 1.81) were significantly increased in AMI patients.

Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is sometimes termed as recurrent oral ulceration, but it is important to note there are various causes of recurrent oral mucosal ulceration, hence the term RAS is considered more appropriate. RAS was first described in antiquity and since has been the subject of numerous clinical and laboratory investigations. However, the disease still remains poorly understood. It has been estimated that 20% of the general population will suffer from RAU at some time during their lives.

Background and Objectives: This study was designed to emphasise upon alarming rising trends in incidence of carcinoma cervix, vagina, vault, vulva and their precursor lesions eventually presenting with carcinoma cervix in follow-up. The main aim of this study was to identify precursor lesions as soon as possible by screening through PAP SMEAR as soon as possible and to make the patients and attending clinicians aware so that themorbidity can be reduced.

The aim of this research was to establish the prevalence of exostoses in oral cavity of patients from the Urban Health Center, Tekax, Yucatan. This population is characterized by a brachiocephalic-exostosis association. Exostoses area symptomatic bone growth anatomical variation, in jaws, resulting from genetic and environmental factors interactive. Methods: Observational, transversal, descriptive. To obtain data, 274 patients with mayan ascendances records from the Urban Health Center Township Tekax, Yucatán, between 10-80 years of age during a six months period were reviewed.

Treatment of severe generalized dental fluorosis with surface defects to rehabilitate esthetics, phonetics, and mastication require removal of unsupported and pitted enamel and/or dentine, reestablishment of centric relation with or without reestablishing vertical dimension of occlusion and fabrication of full mouth crown and bridge work. Full mouth rehabilitation continues to be the biggest challenge to any clinician in Restorative dentistry.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance and importance of CD3 and CD20 in the diagnosis of lymphoma in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections in Sudanese patients. Study design: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Departments of histopathology at Radiation and Isotopes Center at Khartoum (RICK) and at the National Health Laboratoryduring the period between September 2015 and May 2016.

Exclusive breastfeeding is a well-established and recommended intervention for the improvement of child nutrition but still there exist many discrepancies. The present study was conducted with objectives to identify prevalence of breastfeeding practices and to study various socio-demographic factors influencing breastfeeding.

Aims: Lung cancer is the most common malignancy throughout the world. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is most common type, and squamous cell type is most common in India. Mostly patients present with chest related symptoms and signs. Isolated skeletal muscle metastasis is rarely seen. Aim was to see muscle metastasis and its prognosis. Methods: We are presenting our data of eight years about this common malignancy with relation to muscle metastasis, either alone or with other system metastasis. Results: Muscle metastasis is seen 1.5% of patients, with M: F OF 8:1.

The Juxtaoral Organ of Chievitz is a normal anatomical structure located within the soft tissue in the buccotemporal fascia on the medial surface of the ascending ramus. It is considered of neuroepithelial origin with no known function. This structure is not unique for only adults but is also been reported in some other species. As a matter of fact, JOOC is one of the most treacherous pitfalls in surgical pathology with respect to lesions in the head and neck area.

Background: Dermatoglyphics is the study of dermal ridge pattern on the volar surface of digits, palm and sole. The development of dermal ridges starts from 12th-13th week of gestation and by around 20th week, well differentiated recognizable dermal ridges are formed. Intelligence quotient (IQ) level has a very significant effect on individuals and on society. Genetic factors influence both intelligent quotient level and dermatoglyphics. Aim: Our aim is to analyse and associate dermatoglyphics to intelligent quotient level of medical undergraduates.

Patch test (epicutaneous test) is the gold standard in the diagnosis of Contact Allergies and Allergic contact Dermatitis: Performing the test significantly increases probability of accurate diagnosis, reduces costs of treatment, and leads to improved patients’ quality of life. Patch test results may be influenced by patient’s medication and health status, and interpretation requires due knowledge and experience.

Background: The ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology has become optimal procedure to establish tissue diagnosis for discrete hepatic masses for their appropriate management. Aims: To study detailed cytomorphological features of hepatic aspirates and to correlate them with clinical, serum Alpha fetoprotein levels as well with radiological findings in order to distinguish benign from malignant and further to differentiate primary carcinoma from metastases.

With the advent of digital technologies in Prosthodontics, the use of newer technologies must be used to aid the clinician in more objective methods than subjective methods. Clinician must rely on more than subjective findings (e.g. palpation and auscultation) when evaluating the temporomandibular joint. We need a way to objectively assess patient’s joint health and document both the pre-treatment conditions and the response to the treatments we provide.

All-ceramic anterior restorations can appear very natural. Unfortunately, the ceramics used in these restorations are brittle and subject to fracture from high tensile stresses. Fortunately the esthetic qualities of ceramic materials can be combined with the strength and toughness of metals to produce restorations that have both a natural tooth like appearance and very good mechanical properties. As a result they are more successful as posterior restorations than all-ceramic crowns. The cast metal coping provides a substrate on which a ceramic coating is fused.

Back ground: Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC) is the standard treatment of Portal Hypertensive Gastropathy (PHG). Endoscopic Band Ligation (EBL) is emerging as a new modality for treatment of PHG. Objective: Compare the effect of APC to EBL for the treatment of bleeding PHG in cirrhotic patients. Patients and methods: The study was conducted on 236 patients over a period of 30 months.

Torsion of an adnexal cyst, especially ovarian, is an important cause of acute abdomen. However, isolated torsion of a fimbrial cyst is a rare event. Being difficult to detect on imaging, diagnosis is usually established only after surgery. Here, we present the case of a 43 year old female with fimbrial cyst torsion, which presented as an acute abdomen.

Aim: The clinical and antimicrobial efficacy of diode laser as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) was evaluated in chronic periodontitis patients. Materials and Methods: The study included 8 Chronic periodontitis patients, of which 72 sites were randomly assigned into three groups; Group I : Scaling & root planing (SRP), Group II : Laser (L), Group III : Scaling & root planing followed by laser (SRP + L).

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder with periodic reduction or cessation of airflow during sleep. It is associated with loud snoring, disrupted sleep and observed apneas with prevalence up to 54% in elderly people. Treatment of OSA varies from simple measures such as dental appliances and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to surgical procedures like Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and tracheostomy.

The main goal of endodontic therapy is to maintain the original canal anatomy of the root canal system. This can be attained by establishing a proper Glide path. The ease and success of root canal preparation is considerably increased when an effort is made to provide an effective glidepath. Glide path can be achieved using hand files as well as rotary glide path files. If glide path is established properly then there are less chances of endodontic mishaps and risks of undesirable instrument separation is reduced. Hence Glide path is the key to achieve success in endodontic therapy.

Secular changes have been taking place in the growth pattern of different body dimensions of different populations of the world during the last few generations. This trend of secular change is not an exception to human cephalo-facial dimensions. The present study is one which attempts to examine the secular trend if any in the cephalo-facial features viz. Maximum Head Length, Maximum Head Breadth and Cephalic Index of the Meitei population of Manipur.

Arsenic contamination in ground water has caused severe health problem around the world. The purpose of this study was to evaluate health impact of Arsenic contaminated ground water used for drinking in Gorakhpur, U.P, India. Arsenic was analyzed in ground water of study area during March to August 2015. Total 120 samples collected from different area of Gorakhpur. From the collected 120 ground water samples 31.67% of the samples were found arsenic concentration in the range of 10-50 ppb and 16.66% of the water samples were above 50 ppb.

Aim and objectives: To identify M. tuberculosis strain prevalent in Bhopal region using microbiological, immunological and molecular techniques. Rapid and accurate detection, identification and susceptibility testing of mycobacteria is important in Indian scenario due to increase in incidence of tuberculosis, resistance to antituberculous drugs and increase in potentially pathogenic species of mycobacterium. It is important to identify false positive reporting from clinical infections.

Bacterial and fungal diseases directly affect rice yield and quality, and the simplest and, often, the most cost effective management for diseases is planting resistant varieties. The aim of this study was to evaluate thirteen elite lines from the Brazilian Upland Rice Breeding Program for grain yield and tolerance to leaf blast, neck blast, grain discoloration, and leaf scald diseases, in order to select superior genotypes with potential to turn into new cultivars adapted to the upland crop system.

In this study the objective was to characterize millet cultivars through enzymes and microsatellite markers and select microsatellite primers and enzymatic systems to identify cultivars. Twelve millet cultivars, which were tested in seven enzymatic systems (ADH, CAT, EST, GOT, MDH, IDH and ACP) and 123 pairs of microsatellite primers were evaluated. By the enzymes ACP and CAT was not observed sufficient polymorphism to cultivars differentiation. Sixty pairs of microsatellite primers were selected.

Among several functions, the nitrogen plays a key role on plants metabolism, this element takes part in different metabolic path ways of great importance to plants and participates in the protein synthesis. Most of the cultivated soils allow plants growth without addition of nutrients in mineral form. However, to seek higher production levels, the application of nutrients in mineral form is required, the current recommendation of nitrogen fertilization to define the amount to be applied.

Adverse environmental conditions have been negatively affecting plant growth and development. The present study aims at evaluating soil flooding effects in the initial growth and enzymatic activity of rye, wheat and bean plants. Plants were cultivated in a growth chamber and subjected to flooding. Afterwards, organ dry matter, leaf area, protein content and antioxidant enzyme activity were determined. Rye plants reduced shoot and root dry matter and increased leaf area and leaf mass ratiobetween two and three days of flooding. In wheat, root dry matter decreased from 3.5 days.

Background: There are about 1.2 billion adolescents, a fifth of the world’s population, and their numbers are increasing. In India the statistics shows that the adolescent population is 8.3 crores, so this large population needs special attention as this period of growth is very important and crucial span of life. Proper nutrition of children belonging to this group is essential so that optimum growth can take place, hence the present study was undertaken to assess nutritional status of adolescent girls.

Depletion ozone layer and fluctuation of UV-B radiation on the earth’s surface is a most common phenomenon for last few decades. The potential impact of solar UVB radiation studied in three legume plants (Black gram, Cluster bean, Green gram) in field condition at two different seasons like summer and winter. The first season is (summer) coupled with dry weather and high temperature (35-40oC) and the second (monsoon) with rainy and slightly low temperature (28-32oC). The ambient UV-B levels in both seasons vary only marginally.

Eutrophication of Litani River, the most important water resource in Lebanon, has become a pressing national concern. In spite of the intensive efforts on studying the physiochemical properties of its water, not enough attention has so far been given to the biological quality elements and trophic status of the river.

Introduction: There is need for education in values due to fast erosion of values in our country and the state of growing up of youth in the age of instant gratification, shortcuts, insecurities, fear based survival and existence. Methodology: In Datta Meghe Institute of Medical sciences (Deemed University), value education classes for 1st year MBBS, 1st year BDS, 1st year Nursing and 1st year Ayurvedic students are conducted. This course is designated as “Inculcation Course”.

The present investigation was aimed to evaluate the growth inhibitory effect of Hibiscus rosasinensis, Azadirachta indica, Ficus religiosa and Ocimum sanctum leaves extracts on Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans, Cunninghamella bertholatiae and Penicillium notatum. Aquous plant extracts were tested against 4 fungi. Gel diffusion method, were used in this investigation. The Azadirachta indica medicinal plant extract 11 mm (Mean value in Dia.) were showed enormous antimicrobial activity against Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans and Cunnighamella bertholatiae.

Solanum nigrum is a common herb or short-lived perennial shrub. It is an important ingredient in traditional Indian medicines. Leucas aspera is an annual, branched herb. It is commonly used as an insecticide and in addition, the plant is also used in witchcraft. The present investigation on the biochemical aspect of the two medicinal plants has revealed the presence of various biochemical compounds such as chlorophyll, protein and carbohydrate in both the medicinal plants taken for the study.

The study was carried out in five North Eastern districts of Tamil Nadu (Kanchipuram, Thiruvallur, Vellore, Thiruvannamalai and Villupuram) five blocks were randomly selected from each districts. Ten apparently healthy female sheep aged below one year were randomly selected from a block. Approximately 8 ml of blood was collected from each sheep by jugular venepuncture. Predominantly two breed was observed such as Madras Red and Ramnad white in the study area. The blood samples were collected in EDTA vaccutainer for haematology and transported to the laboratory by using ice box.

Introduction: High prevalence of non-communicable diseases particularly hypertension is gaining much importance in developing countries. Associations between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) have been consistently observed but the unresolved question is, whether there is a linear relationship across the entire BMI range. There is further need to study the relationship of anthropometry with hypertension to assess its applicability in all populations. Aims/Objectives: To analyze the better anthropometric predictor of Hypertension.

Information on land use/land cover in the form of maps and statistical data is very vital for spatial planning, management and utilization of land. Satellite images are using in the investigation of changes in land use and land cover as extremely useful tools. The objective of this study was to obtain changing in land use/cover, especially the rice production area is nearly 40% of the production takes place in turkey is located along the Meric river in Edirne province of Thrace region in Turkey.

Medicinal plants are widely used in traditional and modern system of medicine. Indiscriminate collection of these plants from the natural habitats is leading to their depletion. Hence there is a need to conserve and propagate important medicinal plants. The present study was taken up to standardize micropropagation protocol from nodal segments of Costus pictus. The explants were cultured on SH media supplemented with different concentrations and combination of BAP alone and in combination with IBA, IAA, NAA, KN and AdSo4 (Adenine sulphate) for inducing direct regeneration.

Background: Several epidemiologic studies have reported that high serum uric acid levels are strongly associated with prevalent health conditions such as obesity, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, essential hypertension and renal disease. There has been a growing interest in the association of hyperuricemia with hyperglycaemia. Thus, the study is conducted to investigate the association of serum uric acid with deterioration in glucose metabolism.

Divorce is a painful experience, and there are some unavoidable reasons for getting a divorce. The number of individuals opting for divorce has been steadily increasing over the past few years, including Pakistan. In recent times more number of women has been initiating divorce. Our study intends to find out the major risk factors of divorce.

Molecular markers have been extensively investigated with a view to providing early, precise and accurate information on breast tumor outcome and predict response to treatment. We aim at comparing overexpression of certain tumour markers in patient below and above 50years of age. Archived breast tissue specimens were retrieved from the department of histopathology and subjected to routine pathological examinations and receptor status assessed by immunostain.

Triticum aestivum L., world’s second most produced grain, may have its productivity harmed due to various factors, such as sowing depth. This study aimed to evaluate the biochemical performance, vigor and characteristics of initial growth of wheat plants under different sowing depths. The experiment was performed in a greenhouse (31º48’15” S and 52º24’19” W). The experimental design were randomized blocks and the treatments were the sowing depths of 20, 30, 40 and 50 mm. The experimental unit was each tray with 50 seeds.

The polyphenolic components of wines can be correlated to their antioxidant activity, which can provide human’s health with several benefits. Samples of eight different red and white wines, produced in the region were characterized in terms of their antioxidant capacities, resveratrol concentration, color index, tartaric acid content, and total polyphenols concentration. The total polyphenols content found in red wines was higher than in white wines.

Inflammation is a bodily response to injury, infection or destruction characterised by heat, redness, pain, swelling and it is a normal protective response to tissue injury caused by physical trauma, noxious chemical or microbial agents. Infectious diseases caused by bacteria can become a threat to public health in this world. The rich wealth of plant kingdom represents a novel source of compounds with significant activities. Leaves of Costus igneus and Mangifera indica were subjected to qualitative tests and quantitative total phenolic content assay.

Lipase is an industrially important enzyme and has a wide range of applications in dairy, food, detergent and pharmaceutical industries. Lipases are highly produced from microbes and specifically, bacterial lipases play a vital role in commercial importance. The present investigation deals with the production of lipase from petrol spilled soil sample. The sample was collected from petrol bunk situated in Coimbatore, followed by serial dilution and subsequently spread plated on nutrient agar plates. 8 colonies were selected and characterized based on morphological and biochemical test.

Condition factor and feeding intensity of Ompok bimaculatus, Xenentodon cancila, Puntius sarana, Labeo boggut were studied from May, 2012 to April 2013. The condition factor of Ompok bimaculatus was varied from 0.49±0.03 to 0.81±0.13. The maximum mean monthly condition factor of Xenentodon cancila was observed in the month of April (0.59±0.05) and minimum in the month of November (0.21±0.04). Condition factor of Puntius sarana showed variation from 1.07±0.04 to 1.9±0.05 and it was increased in the month of March while decreased in the month of November.

Poliomyelitis was re surfaced in Hyderabad, India. Water samples were collected from different polluted water bodies near Amberpet nala of Hyderabad and observed the presence of P2 Strain, which has resistance for the polio vaccine, causing a great concern not only to the government of Telangana and also the Indian government. The P1 and P3 serotypes are controlled by vaccination. Polio 1, 2 and 3 are called serotypes also called as P1, P2 and P3.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical, chemical and sensory characteristics of wines from different grape cultivars (Vitis spp.) produced in Lavras, in the southwest of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Grapes of cultivars ‘Niagara Rosada’, ‘Bordo’, ‘Isabel Precoce’, ‘BRS Rúbea’, ‘BRS Cora’ and ‘Concord Clone 30’, used to produce the experimental wines, were produced in the orchard of the University Federal of Lavras, from August to December 2013. The winemaking followed the methodology proposed by Malgarin et al., (2006), adapted.

Plant derived essential oils may be an alternative agent in controlling the diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi. Antifungal activity of Ageratum conyzoides, Eupatorium odoratum and Messua ferrae oil was evaluated against phytopathogenic fungi namely Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxysporum and Penicillium expensum those cause post-harvest diseases in Kiwi fruits. Essential oil of A. conyzoides inhibits 100% growth of all the four phytopathogenic fungi at 5000 and 1000ppm concentrations and at low concentrations also growth of fungi was found inhibited.

Malting of soy bean showed significant increase (0.01%, r>=0.606) in protein, total (double) and available iron content. Malting of cereals brought an improvement only in the protein (25%) content. Ready mixes prepared with soy and cereal (1:3) showed significant improvement in all the nutrients. There was a slight increase of total iron content in wheat, maize and decrease in sorghum on malting. In ready mixes, total iron content of wheat was highest and the available iron content was highest in maize mix.

Fresh water is essential for healthy living. River water is used for various purposes such as bathing, drinking, community water supply, irrigation etc. This natural resource is being polluted by disposal of industrial waste sewage and human activities which affect the quality of river water. In the present study an attempt has been made to study water quality parameters and pollution status of Mini River of Vadodara region (Gujarat).

Polyamide-6.6 (PA-6.6) membranes were modified with glutaraldehyde, in a phase inversion process. Immobilization of the enzyme laccase from Pleurotus sajor-caju in the modified PA-6.6 film was quantified in the presence of the reducer 2,2’-azino-bis-3- ethylbenzoazoline-6-sulfonate (ABTS). Under these conditions, phenolic compounds present in the ABTS were degraded by an oxidative process. In the case of the immobilized enzyme, 110 mol of ABTS was degraded after 6 hours of reaction.

Plant derived essential oils may be an alternative agent in controlling the diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi. Antifungal activity of Ageratum conyzoides, Eupatorium odoratum and Messua ferrae oil was evaluated against phytopathogenic fungi namely Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxysporum and Penicillium expensum those cause post-harvest diseases in Kiwi fruits. Essential oil of A. conyzoides inhibits 100% growth of all the four phytopathogenic fungi at 5000 and 1000ppm concentrations and at low concentrations also growth of fungi was found inhibited.

The study was to examine the physico-chemical parameters and the concentration of heavy metals in water and sediment samples of Chirackal mangrove area, Ernakulam, Kerala.

Food safety practices are the shared responsibility of everyone in the food industry in all stages like production, storage, packaging and serving food. It is an increasingly important public health issue to prevent or control food borne illness. The food safety practices of the food handlers are often associated with the certain factors like education, basic awareness about hygiene and sanitation, economic background etc.

Sugar mill effluent plays a vital role in polluting the environment which contained high pollutants. In the present study the physico-chemical properties of soil due to the effluent irrigation (before and after harvesting of African marigold with different concentration (10, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of sugar mill effluent irrigation). Control of soil used as a tap water. The following parameters were analyzed such as pH, EC, moisture content, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn. The results showed that sugar mill effluent reduced the pH and moisture content of the soil.

Hepcidin, a small peptide hormone produced mainly by the liver, plays a central role in iron status regulation in humans and other mammals. Thirty six male albino rats were classified randomly into equally six groups (G). The obtained results revealed that low (17.5) and high (35) mg/kg b.w.

This study aimed to evaluate growth, production and technological characteristics of the fiber of colored cotton, cv. ‘BRS Topázio’, under saline water irrigation, potassium (K) fertilization and different proportions of nitrate and ammonium. The study was conducted in drainage lysimeters under greenhouse conditions, in a eutrophic Grey Argisol with sandy clay loam texture, in the municipality of Campina Grande-PB, Brazil, from November 2014 to March 2015.

This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of solar radiation, combined with chemical treatment in acid and alkaline media during different hygienization periods given the total content of volatile solids, total solids, temperature, pH and total coliforms in sewage sludge.

Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary (SWLS) of Karnataka harboring rich floristic diversity and different types of forest. The diversity of tree species of buffer zone of SWLS studied by using six transects of 1.5km distance. A total of 100 species belonging to 75 genera and 40 families were documented in 30 quadrates during the survey. Olea dioica emerged as most important tree species in SWLS. Oleaceae emerged as most important family exhibits highest Family Importance Value.

Although cassava plants present high productive potential, national productivity is low, especially in the north of Minas Gerais. Therefore, the evaluation and characterization of genotypes adapted to the north of Minas Gerais are important because it enables the selection of genotypes with agronomic potential for cultivation and the integration in breeding programs. Therefore, the aim was to evaluate the most cultivated cassava varieties in the north of Minas Gerais, in order to obtain information of genetic parameters, correlations, dissimilarity and agronomic performance.

Fungi are the potential and promising sources for biologically active secondary metabolite production. Secondary metabolites are the chemical compounds that are produced during the stationary phase of the organism. Many years of study revealed that fungi are excellent sources for novel bioactive secondary metabolites. In the present study Aspergillus niger extract was screened for the presence of phytochemicals by standard procedures. After phytochemical screening check their antibacterial activity against human pathogens.

Free radicals are substances normally produced by the human body as one of the defense mechanisms against harmful substances. When the rate of their production exceeds the antioxidant capacity of the body, oxidative stress occurs. Oxidative stress carries harmful effects to all the body systems and is implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases including hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus and cancer. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants play an important role in protection of the body against the harmful effects of free radicals.

In order to introduce Artemia cyst to larvicultural feeding of aquatic animals, biometrical characteristics of Artemia cysts and newly hatched nauplii collected from two different sites viz. natural and algae fed Artemia culture pond in Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India have been studied. The dry and decapsulated cysts diameters, cyst hydration, chorion thickness and total length of newly hatched nauplii collected from wild and algae fed pond were measured under microscope.

Single extraction of solid phase metals in soil using selective chemical extractants such as strong chelating agent has been used to indicate the bioavailability of heavy metals in soil. Chelating agent like DTPA is used as the common extractant to determine the bioavailability of metals in soils. Bioavailability of metals in soil is controlled by several chemical reaction like adsorption, desorption and precipitation. These reaction govern the chemical equilibrium of metal ions in solid and solution phases in soil.

An investigation was conducted on uniform, healthy, eight year old trees of Nagpur mandarin (citrus reticulata Blanco) at Fruit Research Farm, Department of Fruit Science at College of Horticulture and Forestry, Jhalawar during 16 September, 2014 to 1 March, 2015. Various doses of Calcium nitrate (1.0%, 2.0% and 3.0 %), Boric acid (0.2 %, 0.4 % and 0.6 %) and Zinc sulphate (0.2 %, 0.4 % and 0.6 %) were sprayed before harvesting and compared with untreated ones. The results obtained indicated that the trees sprayed with T27 i.e.

Lawsonia inermis plant, generally identified as Henna, is a medicinal plant and leaves of this plant are used as dye from ancient time. The present study was conducted to study antityphoid activity and phytochemical screening of different extracts of Lawsonia inermis leaves. Methanol extract showed highest inhibition zone (13.74±1.52) at 20mg/disc and lowest inhibition zone (8±1) was demonstrated at 5mg/disc of hexane extract. Phytochemical screening of different extract revealed the presence of various phytoconstituents such as flavanoids, alkaloids, carbohydrates etc.

Improper management of added grazing the low soil fertility are each responsible for reducing pasture productivity increasing degradation. The objective was to evaluate three pasture management systems for the recovery of the productive characteristics of grass Marandu (Brachiaria brizantha) and the physical properties of the soil, in the third year of management in a pasture degradation in the Brazilian Cerrado.

The present study investigate the phytochemical screening and quantification of primary and secondary metabolites like carbohydrates, protein, lipids, phenol, tannin and flavonoids from Spilanthes calva DC. The S. calva plant showed highest carbohydrate value (5.96%) than the other primary metabolites so it can act as a good remedy for nutritional disorders. Estimation of Secondary metabolites showed that phenol content (1.8%) is higher Spilanthes calva DC than the other metabolites. Thus Spilanthes calva DC can act as a good therapeutic agent.

Twenty eight F1 rice hybrids developed through 8x8 diallel analysis (without reciprocals) were evaluated to estimate relative heterosis, heterobeltiosis and standard heterosis for yield and grain quality traits viz., days to 50 per cent flowering, 1000 grain weight, grain yield per plant, head rice recovery, kernel length, kernel breadth, kernel L/B ratio, kernel length after cooking and kernel elongation ratio.

Surfactants are the amphiphilic compounds which reduce surface tension between molecules. In the past decades, such compounds were reported to be produced on the surface of living organisms, especially microorganisms and are termed biosurfactants. These compounds are used for a variety of industrial purposes because of their varied advantages such as biodegradability, renewability, functionality under extreme conditions etc.

Surfactants are the amphiphilic compounds which reduce surface tension between molecules. In the past decades, such compounds were reported to be produced on the surface of living organisms, especially microorganisms and are termed biosurfactants. These compounds are used for a variety of industrial purposes because of their varied advantages such as biodegradability, renewability, functionality under extreme conditions etc.

Fourteen sorghum genotypes grown at Dharwad and Udaipur during Kharif season-2015 were evaluated for nutritional and roti quality. The nutritional constituents proteins, sugars, starch, free amino acids and phenolics were found at higher level in Udaipur sample. From Dharwad center CSV 23, CSV 6, SPV 2296 and SPV 2305 were found promising for roti as well as for nutritional quality. From Udaipur SPV 2293, CSV 20, DSV 6 and SPV 2305 were found promising for roti and nutritional quality. The sorghum genotype SPV 2305 was found well for nutritional and roti quality at both the locations.

In many agricultural productions, especially in the production in the open field, pests have negative effects. As they can be effective during the production process, they can cause economic losses after harvest even after the sale. In this study, it is aimed to reveal in what way the plants will be affected when microwave energy is applied to the plants of bean, cucumber and aubergine in greenhouses and in the applications where the usage of microwave energy has become widespread.

This study aimed to evaluate the genetic divergence, the relative contribution of variables to the dissimilarity and the direct and indirect participation of the characters with the grain yield of commercial varieties of transgenic soybean first (RR) and second (intacta RR2 PRO) generation. Eight morphological characteristics of a quantitative nature were analyzed, 42 cultivars in the harvest 2014/2015 in Londrina, PR, Brazil, in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The Mahalanobis distance based the UPGMA cluster and canonical variable technique analysis.

Building right career at right time is one of the major issues for the youths today. Career choice has become complex with the advancements of the new technologies. The study Impact of demographic profile of medical students on choosing surgery as a career was undertaken successfully in ten north Indian medical colleges, on a sample of 677 students, with the following objectives: To study specialty preference of medical students and to find out individual influence (demographic characteristics) on specific specialty choices of medical students.

Oil tank bottoms have a significant oil concentration, which is recovered by physical and chemical methods. The waste remaining after this process can be remediated by microorganisms. In this study, the benefits of integrating electro-bioremediation, which is an hybrid technology coupling bioremediation and electro kinetics to decontaminate contaminated oil tank bottoms were evaluated in 69-day-long laboratory-scale experiments.

Pellets which are produced using paddy stalks are the main type of biomass solid fuel and have great potential as a Bioenergy resource in the future of Turkey. But it also showed important problems because of its high content of ashes and its low gross calorific value, reducing the possibility to be used in domestic heating. In this research, the paddy stalks were chopped and then mixed with different materials such as coal powder, PVA (poly (vinyl alcohol)) and molasses before producing of pellets.

In this research, we report a facile approach to synthesize NiO nano particles via simply sono chemical method, which revealed high proficiency and discrimination towards the adsorption of organic dyes. The structure and morphology of the nano particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. NiO nano particles were successfully employed as nano adsorbent for the treatment of congo red (CR) dye assisted simulated waste water under the influence of variable conditions to triumph best adsorption capacity.

ICT project management (ICT PM) has been the mechanism to delivering the projects. The developments of ICT projects have increased in many organizations to ensure that overall needs of customers in business requirements are fulfilled. However, many ICT projects failed and the due to the ICT project failure and its impact to the organization, researchers and practitioners are asked to specifically look at the history of how the project is carried out to find an effective approach and comprehensive to overcome this issue.

The conventional technique for power flow measurement of a network system are bulky in nature. The newer technique of Phasor Measurement Unit would be used for measurement of bus voltage and power flow. On usual, the concept of full weighted least square state estimator is follow a nonlinear technique, but in co-operation with PMUs it may improves the accuracy of the measurement without doing a bulky iteration process. In this paper the way of formation of measurement by using Full weighted least square state estimation and PMU device with conventional method will be investigated.

This paper investigates existence of a causality relationship between rates of inflation and unemployment for SAARC countries using time series data from 2003 to 2014. We use VAR (Vector Autoregressive) methodology and Granger casualty/block erogeneity Wald test statistics to emphasize the type of causality between rates of inflation and unemployment. The empirical result shows that a uni-directional causality relationship exists between rates of inflation and unemployment.

This Paper presents two adaptive vehicle suspension control methods, which significantly improve the performance of mechatronic suspension systems in full car model by absorbing shocks caused by bumpy roads and preventing vibrations from reaching the cockpit and providing stability and coherence required. The first control approach is an extension to the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) called Extended adaptive Neuro fuzzy inference system (EANFIS).

Allura Red AC (ARED) is an azo dye allowed as a food additive in the European Union and other developed countries. The kinetics of oxidation of ARED with Chloramine-T in HCl medium has been studied spectrophotometrically at 302K.The reaction exhibited first-order dependence of rate on both [ARED] and [CAT], inverse fractional order dependence of rate on [HCl]. Solvent composition shows negative effect indicating the involvement of negative ion-dipolar molecule in the rate determining step. Variation of ionic strength of the medium and addition of halide ions showed negligible effect.

A Graph G = (V, E) with p vertices and q edges is said to be a Geometric mean graph if it is possible to label the vertices xV with distinct labels f(x) from 1,2…..,q+1 in such way that when each edge e=uv is labeled with f(e=uv)=⌈√(f(u)f(v))⌉ or ⌊√(f(u)f(v))⌋, then the resulting edge labels are distinct. In this case, f is called Geometric mean labeling of G. In this paper, we investigate the Geometric mean labeling behaviour of subdivision on Triangular Snakes.

Keyword spotting (KWS) is an innovative research area and has many applications in speech mining. Keyword spotting is the task of identifying the occurrences of certain desired keywords in an arbitrary speech signal. In this paper, we propose a new keyword spotting approach using Wavelet Packet Decomposition (WPD) and sliding frames methodology (WPDSFM).The proposed method is capable of identifying a target keyword in a continuous speech of any length. Euclidean distance is calculated between keyword and a block of speech frames for similarity measure.

This study investigated factors that affect secondary school Mathematics teachers' teaching methodology & it was carried out secondary schools in Western Oromiya & SNNP regions, Ethiopia, from July 2014 to June 2015. Data sources was secondary schools’ mathematics teachers, vice principals, students & observations of mathematics lessons. This study involved six sample secondary schools that were selected through stratified random sampling technique &a sample of two, sections from each of the 6 sample schools was selected for data collection purposes.

Developed algorithm sorts bruise apple fruits automatically and uses image processing and machine vision technology to detect bruises. Machine vision includes the capturing of images, processing and analyzing images and therefore the assessment of visual quality characteristics of fruits by non-destructive method is made feasible (5). A Thermal camera is used to capture the image of the fruit and project not only aims to detect a bruise in fruit but also to estimate the size of that bruised part. As well as it gives the count of number of fruits bruised over the unbruised fruits.

In this paper illustration of the influence of input machining parameters on the surface roughness and Tool wear rate are determined along with regression analysis. This experiment was conducted on High Carbon High Chromium Steel (HCHCR) with Copper as tool electrode. The data collected during experimentation has been used to yield responses in respect of surface roughness and tool wear rate (TWR). The objective of this paper is to study the influence of operating input parameters of copper electrode on surface roughness of HCHCR and tool wear rate of copper followed by optimization.

This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of formative assessment techniques used by high school mathematics teachers in Jimma at CBTP and practicum zone sites. Specifically, the study sought to gain an understanding of the extent to which the teachers use different assessment techniques and to support both the learning and teaching process in mathematics. Questionnaire was the main data gathering instrument for this study.

This paper presents a new procedure for the construction and selection of Single Sampling Plan (SSP) using weighted gamma Poisson distribution as a base line distribution. The main theme from this article is to briefly present the theory and technique of (SSP) using Gamma prior distribution and demonstrate how it can facilitate to find Average Quality Level (AQL) and Limiting Quality Level (LQL) bring about the result to reduce the Producer's Risk (α) and Consumer’s (β) Risk.

The main objective of this study is to identify factors contributing to students’ low performance in Mathematics Education in high Schools at CBTP & Practicum site zones of Jimma University. A survey design which used qualitative and quantitative aspects of research were implemented. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data. Participants (N=361) were made up of 197 girls, 164 boys and ten mathematics teachers from high schools. The research instruments used were the questionnaire which had close ended question for the students and interview for the teachers.

Reliability of electric power delivery system is a critical issue in order to make a continuously available sufficient voltage, of satisfactory quality, to meet the consumer's' needs. The paper studies about the reliability analysis of Arba Minch distribution system using different index parameters. In the city electricity is highly affected by a continuous power interruption and outage from the main grid. The reliability indexes such as SAIFI, SAIDI, CAIDI, and ASAI parameters has been analyzed based on power interruption frequency and duration data.

Data Analysis has been the source of learning for every field from psychology, biology, astronomy to very recent social networking and online shopping. The customer who has always been the center for any business is even more important to businesses all over the world. The actions, reactions and responses of the customer today can be captured very easily. This is possible due to the widespread use of the computer like devices (PC, laptop, mobile, tablet etc) and networking.

Aim of the present work is to synthesize 1-N amido 5-methyl 3(3-hydroxy) phenyl amino 1,2-pyrazole and its nitroso and benzoyl derivatives. Corrosion inhibition tendency of these compounds has been studied using weight loss method at different concentration of synthesized compounds at 300C in presence of HCl (0.1M) and H2SO4 (0.1M). Results of gravimetric analysis reveals that 1-N amido 5-methyl 3(3-hydroxy) phenyl amino 1, 2-pyrazole shows more corrosion inhibition efficiency towards H2SO4 as compared to HCl.

Adoption of mixed models that estimate genetic parameters and predicted genotypic values correctly are important in increasing the efficiency of breeding programs, as decision-making during the selection process. The aim of the present study was to estimate variance components via REML and predict genotypic values of simple maize hybrids via BLUP. Trial was conducted in the city of Frederico Westphalen, RS, Brazil. Pre-commercial hybrids used were coming from the KSP Seeds Ltd. company's breeding program, located in the city of Pato Branco-PR.

Carbon dioxide is one of the most important greenhouse gas that is threatening the present day human life as well as the quality of the environment, resulting in large scale effects (disasters) on the living organisms. The present work aims to employ process simulation software (Aspen Plus software) for the recovery of carbon dioxide evolved from the urea manufacturing plant.

If the mass-energy equivalence is introduced into the Newtonian dynamics, the altered formulae for inertia (inertial mass), force and acceleration, momentum and energy are obtained. All the mentioned quantities are in the function of the relative velocity of two bodies and they are essentially classical Newton’s formulae for low velocities (the velocities significantly lower than the speed of light), while for high velocities (the velocities comparable with the speed of light) they are significantly different from classical Newton’s formulae.

The oxidation of different alcohols by tetramethyl ammonium fluorochromate in acidic medium is studied kinetically. The reaction was arranged to be pseudo-first order with respect to oxidant for all alcohols. The reaction is found to be catalyzed by the hydrogen ions. The effect of change in temperature, concentration of substrate, oxidant and acid medium is studied kinetically. On the basis of results obtained the mechanism of the reaction is proposed and discussed.

Experimental research design of factorial 3x3x2 with samples of 450 students of Senior High and Junior High Schools in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi Province through covariance analysis (Ancova) was aimed primarily to analyze: (i) the effect of covariates of prior knowledge and achievement motivation depending on the prior knowledge towards mathematics achievement, (ii) the effect of adjusted mean of interaction of three factors (A* B*C)ijk by controlling various combinations of the two factors ((A*B)ij, (A*C)ik, (B*C)jk) and the main factors Ai, Bj and Ck together or partially towards mathem

The term Biometric has the relation with "life measurement" however the tenure is commonly interconnected by means of exclusive physiological personality to recognize an individual. A uni-modal biometric system has a diversity of problems such as noisy data, nonuniversality, spoof attacks and undesirable error rate. These limitations can be solved by deploying multimodal biometric system. Multimodal biometric authentication system makes use of two or more individual modalities, like face, iris, retina and fingerprint etc.

The purpose of this paper is to give an idea of 1-dimensional Riemannian manifolds, and their complex structure.

Electronic systems are becoming more compact thanks to technological development. Integrated technology provides electronic systems that are more and more thumbnails, economical and robust for different operating conditions. Biomedical technology and especially the electrical stimulator are also concerned by the embedded technology to provide a portable, inexpensive and most flexible and efficient in terms of accuracy and speed. In this work, we present a new VHDL modeling of an electrical rehabilitator from an original design.

A new mesogenic homologous series : RO-C6H6-CH=CH-CO-C6H6-OC7H15 have been synthesized and studied with a view to understand establish the effect of molecular structure on mesomorphic properties and characterized by a combination of elemental analysis and standard spectroscopic methods (IR, 1HNMR and elemental analysis). In present series mesomorphism commences from C4 homologue, C4 and C5 exhibit only enantiotropic nematicmesophase whereas C6 to C18 exhibit enantiotropic nematic as well as smectic mesophase.

Nitrate contamination in groundwater is a common problem in many parts of the world. Nitrate is a common nitrogenous compound due to natural processes of the nitrogen cycle, igneous rocks, anthropogenic sources like unsecured septic tanks, application of nitrogen-rich fertilizers in agricultural processes. The level of nitrate concentration in groundwater of three densely populated areas, Proddatur (PDTR), Mydukur (MYD) and Yerraguntla (YGL) of YSR Kadapa district was evaluated. A total of 30 samples from tube wells were collected and analyzed for nitrate using UV-VIS spectrophotometer.

The skin properties like skin dryness, parasite and hypersensitive side effects i.e. carving sort of issue relationship with skin composition profile is examined in the proposed thesis work. In the current situation, the skin images are analyzed in frequency domain. However, it is watched that the skin shading in surface images does not differ over a wide range. In this way, the histogram profile of the skin structure remains level. In the current work had done based on moved the skin surface analysis towards the gray level profile examination.

Super resolution is astoundingly significant and captivating zone of examination for image planning applications in light of wavelet change. Stationary Wavelet Transform (SWT) and Discrete Wavelet change (DWT) are utilizing as a part of our proposed work for actualizing the Super Resolution of the specific picture. In for the most part Single frame super resolution can be refined by utilization of various extension strategies like interpolation in any case this technique doesn't give precise result at edges, means here edges are getting with blur.

The Bertholletia excels known as castanheira-do-brasil, this species is very exploited of the Amazon, with great importance in generating employment and income in the region. The aim in this research was to evaluate the biochemical responses of the species Bertholletiaexcelsa in water stress conditions. The experimental design was completely randomized with two treatments: irrigated and non-irrigated plants, with 9 plants each, considering each plant as a repetition, and these repeated treatments in 3 times (0, 5 and 9 days), totaling 27 plants per treatment.

This study examined the impact of financial sector reforms on the Nigerian economy, utilizing annual time series data from 1987 to 2014. Financial reforms variables of interest rate, recapitalization, consolidation, credit to private sector, loans to deposit ratio and the ratio of non-performing loans were regressed on economic growth, represented by the gross domestic product. The data were analyzed using the Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression method.

The receding glaciers, shrinking cover of natural forests, the rapid loss of biodiversity, the falling ground water levels, inter annual variation in rainfall, rising temperature, falling agricultural productivity, point to the destructing health of the ecosystems, not well known in the past. The Mangroves ecosystem on the Kakinada coast is not out of bounds for the same and experienced high rates of deforestation over period of time. Mangroves are a group of salt tolerant plant species, which occur in the tropical and subtropical initial estuary regions.

Histograms of lineament intersection lengths in the study area are positively skewed Variations in frequencies within their respective class intervals suggest that the stress intensity which gave birth to the lineaments are unequal. This is also true by the absence of lineaments within some class intervals. Directional lineaments’ intersection of the rose diagrams are mainly found in conjugate NE – SW and NW – SE orientations.

Migration and adaptation of oralamns (Kazakh resettles from abroad) in Almaty region is the focus of the present paper. Since 1991 the number of Kazakh repatriates has steadily grown and now reached 1,000,000 people. Almaty region was and continue to be the main site of the oralmans over two decades. The authors highlight motives for resettling along with several stages in the process of oralmans migration to Kazakhstan. Migration raised a number of difficult questions including motives, which led people to leave their countries for independent Kazakhstan republic.

Malnutrition is the manifestation of the inadequate or improper nutrition. The co-existence of under and over nutrition within the population is termed as dual burden of malnutrition. The emergence of the dual burden is a result of the nutrition transition along with epidemiological transition is underway in the populations. This phenomenon is not limited to upper-income developing countries, but is occurring across the globe in countries with very different cultures and dietary customs.

Test firing from unusual/unrifled/homemade firearm plays very important role in Forensic Ballistics. Single or double barrel breech loading countrymade firearms can be prepared. Unrifled firearms are imitation model of standard weapon. These firearms are manufacturing in some places of India. All country made/homemade/desi-katta/handgun designed to chambered appropriate diameter of cartridges. The body diameter of cartridge is smaller than the breech end diameter of barrel.

Mysuru city is among those cities that have been witnessing a drastic increase in urban areas and an inflow of population from its surrounding rural areas. The city has several well-known tourist attractions, which adds a good revenue to the city’s economy. These urbanization and tourism not only brings in prosperity to the city, but also the crisis of municipal solid waste management. The Mysuru City Corporation works hard to retain the title of the Cleanest City in India.

The concept of shared value can be defined as policies and operating practices that enhance the competitiveness of a company while simultaneously advancing the economic and social conditions in the communities in which it operates. This concept was first introduced in Harvard Business Review article Strategy & Society: The Link between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility and further expanded in the January 2011 follow-up piece entitled Creating Shared Value: Redefining Capitalism and the Role of the Corporation in Society.

Farmers are plagued by myriad issues such as timely and reliable access to farm inputs, access to markets, access to reliable information at the right time and cheap access to credit. The proliferation of mobile phones across the globe has impinged on agriculture in various ways. Mobiles are being used to help raise farmers’ incomes, making agricultural marketing more efficient, lowering information costs, reducing transport costs, and providing a platform to deliver services and innovate.

Sikkim is a part of inner mountain ranges of Himalayas and it is the 22nd state of India which came into existence with effect from 26th April, 1975. Sikkim is more colorful musically with the ritual culture of Nepali, Sikkkimese, Lepcha, Bhutiya Tamang, Limbu, Newar, Rai, Gurung, Manger, Sunwar etc. We can know the history, folk cultures and folklore through the songs and musical instruments of a particular community.

Hospitality and tourism industry has emerged as one of the key drivers of growth among the services sector in India. Tourism in Uttarakhand is a potential game changer. It is a sun rise industry, an employment generator, a significant source of foreign exchange for the country and an economic activity that helps local and host communities. The hospitality and tourism industry is a major contributor to the economy of Uttarakhand. The sector also employs a high proportion of young workers and migrant workers. There are five main departments of hospitality and tourism industry i.e.

Neem is accredited today as an ecological alternative to many unhealthy practices followed by farmers. With input intensive farming adversities like pest resurgences, disease incidences and crop losses are escalating. The Role of neem is well established and it has much to offer in solving global agricultural, environmental and public health problems. The natural products of neem do not have any toxic reactions, so they are helpful in plant protection and eco-friendly management for sustainable agricultural development.

The study was conducted on influence of social support on mental health of elderly. The random sample consisted of 80 male and 80 female elderly was selected from Dharwad district in Karnataka state. The study emphasized on relationship between social support and mental health of elderly. Social support questionnaire developed by Heitzmann and Kaplan (1988) was used to assess the social support status of elderly and Mental health inventory by Jagdish and Srivastav (1983), was used to analyse the mental health status among elderly.

Attitude to oral presentation and its assessment is highly crucial in the acquisition of effective presentation skills. This is particularly more evident for teachers as they communicate with their students’ every time. In connection to this, teachers’ attitude to oral presentation and its assessment, and the association between these two variables were found felt gap.

Water is a unique substance and it is essential for human beings and other animals as well as plants for survival. Agriculture requires vast quantity of water. Irrigation is an important factor for determining the water balance and cropping pattern of a region. Cultivated area determines the productivity of a land when it is facilitated by irrigation water, fertilizer, good quality seeds and other facilities. Kharif crops (Aman) are cultivated in the Monsoon season. A good rainfall produces bumper production and vice-versa.

The Enron scandal, give out in October 2001, Enron Top officials abused their privileges and power, manipulated information put their own interests above those of their employees and the public and failed to exercise proper oversight or shoulder responsibility for ethical failings which eventually led to the bankruptcy of an American energy company based in Houston, Texas, and the dissolution of Arthur Andersen, which was one of the five largest audit and accountancy partnerships in the world.

The research aimed to explore the relationship between Parents’ Socioeconomic Status (education level, income level and marital status) and the student academic performance in the urban primary schools of Bhutan. 408 urban student’s parents were selected as sample through multistage random sampling method. One-way ANOVA statistics was employed to test for statistical significant differences among the observed sample means of student academic performance based on parent’s socioeconomic status.

Higher education system of a country plays a significant role in the creation of skilled human resources. In the emerging scenario of knowledge based on society across the globe, India is well placed with potential brains needed for the revolutionary changes. The New Education Policy of India considered that, “Expenditure on Education is nothing but investment which in turn has a multiplier effect on the utilization of other resources”. Educational expenditure and investment in human being results in enhanced future output.

The study is based on the investigation of malaria status among Bharia tribe. Bharia tribe is mainly resided in patalkot valley of Chhindwara district. Geographically the patalkot valley is situated from 22.24 to 22.29 ° North and 78.43 to 78.50° and spread over an area of 79 square kilometer. The valley is horse-shoe shaped and surrounded by giant hills and forests give suitable environment for mosquitoes breeding. Malaria disease spreads by the bites of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Fever, shivering, aches, and pain in the joints and headache are the early symptoms of malaria.

Tropical countries suffer the largest death tolls from the vector borne diseases like Malaria. The Malaria parasites are carried by the female anopheles mosquito. Tropical countries, being located in equatorial region normally have hot humid climate, the ideal breeding ground for such vector borne diseases. Papua New Guinea is one of those countries in tropical region where malaria happens to be the most dreaded disease.

Objectives: The research aimed to determine the structure of functional abilities of folk dancers. Methods: In order to determine the structure of functional abilities, 100 dancers of the Academic Folk Ensemble "Oro" of the Student Cultural Center of Nis were tested. The dancers ranged in chronological age from 18 to 27 years. The average dancing experience of the dancers was 8 years, while the continuous multi-year training process implied three sessions per week. For the assessment of functional variables, systolic (FBPSYS) and diastolic (FBPDIA) blood pressures were measured.

By means of sequential application of a taxonomic neural network, in a random sample of 1,730 male respondents aged from 18 to 50 years described as having emotional responding under war conditions typical of psychopaths, a set of 543 (31.4%) respondents was identified as a tax on of subjects with psychopathic emotional reaction pattern predominantly determined by the reaction of anger.161 (9.3%) of them participated in the war provoked by ΝΑΤΟ intervention.

The study was primarily designed to assess the learning preferences and the academic performance of the working college students of Batangas State University – Malvar Campus. Specifically, the researcher first identified the profile of the respondents in terms of sex, year level, college/department, parents’ educational attainment, monthly family income, college/department and type of work. In addition, the respondents’ General Weighted Average from the previous semester was obtained to describe their academic performance.

Bali is one of the famous tourism destinations in the world. It offers not only the beauty of its natural resources, but also the uniqueness of its culture. Development of economic in Bali is also shown through the marketing activities conducted in tourism sector. People marketing the natural resources and the result of human culture and to create tourism products on regional and community activities. This article aims to discuss the impacts of Tourism in the cultural perspective and the tourism arrangements in the cultural dimensions towards sustainable tourism.

Whistleblowing became the center of attention since the 1980s and is still understudy until today. In this paper the author introduces whistleblowing on the group level with the concept of collective whistleblowing intention. Combining the findings of Gao, Greenberg and Wong-On-Wing (2015) whistleblowing intentions of lower-level employees with Henningsen and Henningsen (2014) preliminary examination of perception of social influences. The paper model combining the two findings, proposes similar results to the individual model with some modification.

Context: The arch is an anatomical structure of the foot which influences movements of the lower limbs and causes changes in plantar pressure distributions. Plantar pressure measurement is the effective method for assessing plantar loading and can be applied to evaluating movement performance of the foot. Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the badminton players’ plantar loading characteristics and pain profiles in static standing.

Globally different countries in the world use environmental risk assessment as a tool to evaluate the toxicity of a pollutant in the environment. Health risk assessment is done to evaluate the possible adverse health effects of benzene on human health. The concentration of benzene was measured at two locations in Delhi, a global city, during 2011-2015.The cancer risk in ambient air of Delhi was calculated at CEXPavg, CEXP50, and CEX90.

Central Asian Republic has immense economic significance for India. The growth of the Indian economy creates an ever-growing demand for energy and natural resources to fuel and maintain the momentum of our growth. The discovery of large reserves of hydrocarbons and other resources required for sustaining economic growth makes the Central Asian region immensely attractive for forging a mutually beneficial cooperative relationship.

In 2008, the EU and India for the first time showed their willingness ‘to work for peace and comprehensive security’. It was known as Joint Action Plan which did conceptualize ‘Non-Traditional Security’ (NTS) though it was regarded as part of comprehensive security. Nevertheless, elements of NTS have been part of the bilateral relationship for years. The paper will analyse how this concept of ‘non-traditional security’ should be understood; what are the limitation and what impact such limits may have on bilateral relations.

Indo-French space cooperation has remained an important issue for many years among the scholars and strategic experts since independence. France was committed to overalls development in India’s science and technological field. From 1947 to 1991 France remained India’s friend and not an ally. As a result relationship reached new heights. When India’s exploded nuclear explosion France did not commented but rather signed strategic partnership with India. Under this coverage both the countries came together and collaborated in the field of space research.

Reliability of electric power delivery system is a critical issue in order to make a continuously available sufficient voltage, of satisfactory quality, to meet the consumer's' needs. The paper studies about the reliability analysis of Arba Minch distribution system using different index parameters. In the city electricity is highly affected by a continuous power interruption and outage from the main grid. The reliability indexes such as SAIFI, SAIDI, CAIDI, and ASAI parameters has been analyzed based on power interruption frequency and duration data.

The current competitive agriculture drives the plant breeders to select genotypes with greater yield potential and responsive to environmental improvements. This targeted selection often does not prioritize the resistance of genotypes against pathogens as the main factor, but agronomic traits that influence greater yield potential. This targeting on the most yield potential of plants is sustained largely by the use of fungicides.

Background: The ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology has become optimal procedure to establish tissue diagnosis for discrete hepatic masses for their appropriate management. Aims: To study detailed cytomorphological features of hepatic aspirates and to correlate them with clinical, serum Alpha fetoprotein levels as well with radiological findings in order to distinguish benign from malignant and further to differentiate primary carcinoma from metastases.

Torsion of an adnexal cyst, especially ovarian, is an important cause of acute abdomen. However, isolated torsion of a fimbrial cyst is a rare event. Being difficult to detect on imaging, diagnosis is usually established only after surgery. Here, we present the case of a 43 year old female with fimbrial cyst torsion, which presented as an acute abdomen.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder with periodic reduction or cessation of airflow during sleep. It is associated with loud snoring, disrupted sleep and observed apneas with prevalence up to 54% in elderly people. Treatment of OSA varies from simple measures such as dental appliances and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to surgical procedures like Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and tracheostomy.

A study on influence of graded levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and yield of bitter gourd ecotype ‘mithipagal’ under rice fallow of cauvery delta region was carried out in the faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai university, Tamilnadu The experiment comprised of twelve treatment combinations having the four levels of nitrogen (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg ha-1) and three levels of phosphorus (0, 15 and 30 kg ha-1) under factorial randomized block design with four replications. Potassium @ 30 kg ha-1 was applied in all treatments as constant dose except the control.

An investigation was carried out to find the effect of integrated weed management on growth, flowering and leaf yield in Periwinkle at medicinal plants unit, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of agriculture, Annamalai university, Annamalainagar. This study was conducted in randomized block design with three replication of 12 treatments with and without the combination of three herbicides viz., Alachlor 1.5 kg ha-1, Pendimethalin 1.5 kg ha-1 and Fluchlorin 1.5 kg ha-1, sugarcane trash mulching @ 12 t ha-1 and hand weeding on 45, 90 and 120 days after planting.

An experiment was undertaken to analyze the influence of organic nutrients and humic acid on fruit yield and alkaloid content of Thudhuvalai (Solanum trilobatum L.) in randomized block design replicated thrice with 13 treatments. Four different organic manures such as Farm yard manure @15, 17.5 and 20 t ha-1, vermicompost @ 2.5, 2.75 and 3 t ha-1, Coir pith compost @ 2.5, 2.75 and 3 t ha-1 t ha-1, Poultry manure @ 2.5, 2.75 and 3 t ha-1 along with Humic acid @ 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 per cent as foliar spray were studied under.

“An inve“Breeding potential of snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) genotypes using D2 analysis” was carried out in the Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu. The parents from diversified genotypes in snake gourd were evaluated for fruit yield per plant, yield attributing characters and quality traits with the objective of selecting superior genotypes for heterosis breeding.

Beauty is what gives the highest degree of pleasure to the mind & suggests that object of delight approximates to one's conception of an ideal. In the era of beauty peagants, involvement of anatomists and esthetic dentists in defining the beauty is well understood. The present article reviews the various anatomical parameters for assessing a beautiful face and a beautiful smile. These may be of help to anatomists, dentists and of course to aspirants. Cosmetic dentistry thus adds to the facial esthetics enhancing the overall beauty and well being of an individual.

The Sandwiched Osmotic Tablet System (SOTS), which is composed of sandwiched osmotic tablet core surrounded by a cellulose acetate membrane with two orifices on both side surfaces has been successfully prepared with the purpose of delivering Glipizide. In this a core composed of polymeric push layer sandwiched between two drug layers with two delivery orifices. Influences of tablet formulation variables and membrane variables on Glipizide release of SOTS have been studied. NaCl was used as an osmogent and MCC used as a release retardant.

Background: Stress and anxiety have been implicated as contributors to many chronic diseases and to decreased quality of life, even with pharmacologic treatment. Efforts are underway to find non-pharmacologic therapies to relieve stress and anxiety, and yoga is one option for which results are promising. (Li and Goldsmith, 2011) Aims & Objective: The aim of present study was to investigate whether regular practice of Yoga for 12 weeks can reduce the cardiovascular hyper-reactivity induced by cold pressure test.

Background: Preoperative antibiotics for elective abdominal operations are essential in decreasing surgical site infections such that the timely and appropriate administration of antimicrobials is a quality benchmark measure. However, their role in emergent surgery for intestinal perforation is controversial. In the pre antibiotic era, penetrating abdominal trauma was associated with a mortality rate as high as 65% to 70%.

At present approximately 40% of new chemical entities identified by pharmaceutical companies are poorly water soluble. The formulations of poorly water soluble drugs (BCS) Class II for oral delivery presents a greatest challenge to the formulation scientists. Oral bioavailability depends on its solubility and dissolution rate. Several techniques have been developed over the years to enhance the dissolution of the drug such as solid dispersion, micronization, solubilization, and complexation with polymers, salt formation using prodrugs and adding surfactant.

Background: The nutritional needs of every women increase during pregnancy and lactation, if the requirements are not met, it affects mothers’ own health, birth outcome as well as infant health and the consequences can be serious for women and their infants. The overall nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women is poor in Nepal. Couple of evidences have shown that the nutritional status of Dalit mothers is significantly poorer than the Non-Dalits since history as a result of Dalit women’s exclusion in socio-economic and political dimensions.

With the high costs of the conventional protein supplements required in producing more quantities meat and its products to meet the escalating demand by the ever increasing human population, it is imperative that other cheaper affordable protein sources should be explored. Such protein rich bio-mass are aquatic plants such as algae (Spirulina platensis) and duckweed (Lemna gibba sp). This paper focuses on attributes and challenges in researches associated with the use of these plants which make it a special contender as protein source in livestock and poultry rations.

Background & Objectives: Increasing incidence of bacterial resistance to β lactam antibiotics is a potential healthcare hazard. In majority of the cases, this resistance is orchestrated through production of β lactamases. Among these, Carbapenemases, especially transfer able metallo β lactamases (MBL), are the most important as they hydrolyze many antibiotics. MBL genes are often plasmid mediated and hence have potential for rapid dissemination. This study was conducted to phenotypically detect MBL in lactose non-fermenting Gram negative bacilli and to compare the different methods.

Tooth loss and tooth mobility in the region of asthetics can be of great concert for the patient. The causes for tooth mobility in this region can be many, periapical pathology, bone loss, trauma etc. In certain cases extraction is the only solution, which is not acceptable to the patient. In such cases the natural tooth pontic technique is applicable. The concept of splinting is applied along with the use of natural tooth as a pontic, in the same region from where it was extracted.

The sedative effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine, ketamine and morphine combination were evaluated in young dogs. A combination of 0.1 mg/kg dexmedetomidine, ketamine 20 mg/kg and 0.4 mg/kg morphine was administered by inserting a lubricated catheter in intranasal. The sedation score was classified as ‘moderate’ from 2 to 10 minutes, ‘light’ from 10 to 30 minutes, the sedation level was insufficient from 30 to 45 minutes. The dogs were all awake at 45 minutes. Heart rate and rectal temparature did not change significantly from baseline at any time.

There are various treatment options for head and neck cancers consisting of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Each of these are treatment options associated with a number of considerations related to treatment of the cancer and quality of life of the patient as they can affect one's oral health dramatically and can affect patients quality of life. The patient's oral care and function is an important contributor to post-treatment social adaptation and life quality.

Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumour of the sweat glands. It is most commonly seen in elderly individual and it mostly involves lower extremities. It can arise de novo or from pre-existing eccrineporoma. We report a case of Eccrine porocarcinoma in a 13 year old boy over lateral aspect of face.

Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumour of the sweat glands. It is most commonly seen in elderly individual and it mostly involves lower extremities. It can arise de novo or from pre-existing eccrineporoma. We report a case of Eccrine porocarcinoma in a 13 year old boy over lateral aspect of face.

Thiadiazoles and their analogues exhibit a wide variety of biological activities like antibacterial, antifungal, antitubercular, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant, diuretic etc., In the present research work, some new series of 1,3,4- Thiadiazoles Schiffs bases were synthesized from Benzoic acid treated with thiosemicarbazide to form 2-amino-5-phenyl-1,3,4-thiadiazole derivative, the free amine group at the second position of the formed product was modified into various Schiffs bases by treating with different aromatic aldehydes to obtain the desired entity.

Kimura’s disease (KD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder with angiolymphati proliferation, angiolymphatic predominantly affecting young men of Asian race but is rare in other races. The etiology of KD is stillther unknown. We report a case of 23 year old male with KD involving right upper lid along with eosinophilia.

The study was designed to evaluate hepatoprotective activity of Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy (CP) belonging to the family Gentianaceae in acute experimental injury by paracetamol (PCM) and the effects observed were compared with known hepatoprotective agent silymarin. Alcoholic (AECP), Chlorofom (CECP) and Aqueous (AqCP) extracts of Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy in different doses (150 and 300 mg/kg)were administered to the groups for a period of 10 days which were pretreated with hepatotoxicant paracetamol (2 g/kg). The control group was administered with 1 % Tween 80.

The study was conducted in Kalar Technical Institute to investigate the effect of dietary licorice extract of Ross708 broiler chicks using (100) birds one day age and the duration of the experiment was 60 days, started from 02/15/2015 to 04/15/2015. Four treatments used in the experiment (the first treatment control 0 g licorice extract / kg feed), the second, third and fourth treatments are (1, 1.25, and1.5 gm licorice extract / kg feed) respectively.

Fournier’s gangrene (FG) is a rare, rapidly progressive, fulminant form of necrotizing fasciitis of the genital, perianal and perineal regions, which may extend up to the abdominal wall between the fascial planes. Early diagnosis, aggressive resuscitation of the patient, administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics and aggressive radical surgical debridement(s), are the key of successful treatment. In this study, we aimed to investigate patients with FG and to identify risk factors that affect mortality.

The purpose of this in-vitro study was to compare the canal transportation and centring ability of Protaper Next (NT), Reciproc and OneShape (OS) file system. Materials and Methods: Thirty human extracted mandibular molars having non-calcified roots with mature apices, minimum length of 18 mm and an apical curvature of 15-30 degrees (according to Schneider’s method), were selected for this study. Samples were randomly divided into three groups (n=30) and canal preparation with Protaper NT, Reciproc and OS was performed according to manufacturer’s instruction.

To assess the anthropometric and nutritional status, to compared the relationship between socioeconomic statuses (SES) of preschool children (4-5 years) of West Bengal. A cross sectional survey was carried out among 200 preschool children in Paschim Medinipur district. Anthropometric measurement like height, weight, mid arm circumference, chest circumference and head circumference and following anthropometric indicator like Gomez classification and Water low’s classification were measured of preschool children. Dietary nutritional status was assessed following standard method.

Background: It is paradox that while highlighting achievements in science and technology it is spoken high about space, nuclear and digital programme but on the other hand a sizable number of population is still fighting hunger, malnutrition and basic health problems. Hence it was of great interest to think and act for equitable and sustainable development of those who are lacking behind i.e the Tribal population of Hazaribag district Objectives 1.To assess the socioeconomic status of the study group/Tribal population.

Introduction: WHO defined sudden death as sudden unexpected death of a person usually seen within 24 hrs of onset of symptoms. Autopsy study helps in effective evaluation of cause of death and to apply such knowledge to the prevention and treatment of disease in society. Material and Methods: Seven years retrospective study was done in pathology department in tertiary care center in which 150 cases were studied.

Introduction: Tuberculosis is a major health problem in many countries. In India, TB kills 14 times more people than all tropical diseases combined, 21 times more than malaria and 400 times more than leprosy. TB has become a major barrier to social and economic development. The objective of the study was to study the perception regarding the treatment under revised national tuberculosis control programme among parents/guardians of pediatric tuberculosis patients. Material and Methods: We conducted cross-sectional study during January 2014 to October 2014.

Gingival growths are most commonly seen now –a – days in daily routine diagnosis. These growths may be localized or generalized involving the gingiva. Most of these enlargements are considered to be reactive rather than neoplastic in nature. Clinically it is often difficult to differentiate one entity from other one. So in order to identify the lesion it is mandatory to perform biopsy andthus the histological evaluation.

Periodontal regeneration is a specialized process which is very hard to achieve in routine clinical practise. New attachment apparatus should be formed to be considered for true regeneration like new cementum, bone and periodontal ligament. Various techniques and material have been used in the past to gain this therapeutic endpoint. In this case report we discussed the beneficial effects of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) with demineralised freezed dried bone allograft (DFDBA) in the treatment of infrabony defect mainly 2 and 3walled.

Statement of problem: Glass fibres reinforcement and microwave polymerization, both has been suggested as a method to improve the mechanical strength of acrylic denture base. However the post polymerization effect of microwave sterilization on Polymethylmethacrylate Denture Base Resin Reinforced with Glass Fibre has not been investigated. Purpose. The study analyzed the effect of microwave Sterilization on Tensile Strength of Polymethylmethacrylate Denture Base Resin Reinforced with Glass Fibres.

Aims and Objective: The objective of this study was to review our 3 years of experience of most common age and cause of amputation, co-morbidities, patient survival, mortality and morbidity associated with amputation. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study includes cases that underwent Major lower extremity amputation between Sept-2015 to Sept-2012 in R.L.J. Hospital. Results: A total of 100 patients underwent major limb amputations during the study period. The patients were aged 24–68 years (mean 42.30 ± 13.72 days).

Depression today is quite common and the word itself is used as an adjective (eg “I am so depressed.”) but the fact is many people are mistaken with this term itself. Depression is a serious life taking disorder, it can be triggered due to small significant factors like low mood or sad emotion due to failure, small family problems and many miscellaneous but minor jolt in the emotion.

Aim: to determine the frequency of middle mesial (MM) canals in mandibular first molars in Eastern Indian population. Materials and methods: All mature mandibular first molars endodontically treated between March 2014 and March 2016were included in the study. After instrumenting the main canals, the clinician inspected the mesial developmental groove and, if found, was negotiated, cleaned, shaped, and recorded. Results: A total of 200 first molars were treated during the specified period, of which 27% had negotiable MM canals.

Mitral apparatus plays an important part in maintaining the geometry and LV function (LVEF).In India, Rheumatic valvular heart disease (RHD) is the predominant disease which affects all the components of mitral apparatus with heavy calcification, subvalvular crowding, and chordal fusion. Hence valve repair becomes near impossible. So, we have considered the use of Neo-Chordae with re-suspension of papillary muscles as a simple, easily reproducible method to maintain annulo-papillary continuity and hence post-operative LV dimensions, geometry and LV function.

Madhumeha (Diabetes Mellitus) is the subtype of Vatik Prameha due to involvement of vital elements causes alarming health instability with higher prevalence in present time. Diabetes is fast gaining the status of a potential epidemic in India with more than 62 million diabetic individuals currently diagnosed with the disease. In 2000, India (31.7 million) topped the world with the highest number of people with diabetes mellitus.

Introduction: Class II division 1 malocclusion due to mandibular retrognathism is considered as one of the most frequently encountered problems in the orthodontic practice. Objective: To compare dento-alveolar, skeletal and soft tissue effects of Twin Block appliance and Forsus FRD anchored on orthodontic mini-implants. Also, to evaluate whether an association of orthodontic mini-implant with Forsus FRD bring absolute skeletal correction of Class II division 1, avoiding the undesirable proclination of lower anterior teeth.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy of end tidal carbon-di-oxide with clinical assessment in endotracheal tube placement in children and to correlate EtCo2 with various clinical conditions. Methods: Patients between 1 month to 18 years of age admitted to the emergency room requiring tracheal intubation were studied excluding patients admitted with cardiac arrest. Design and Setting: Prospective analytical study done in emergency room of a tertiary care pediatric hospital between September 2010 and June 2012.

Due to increasing awareness about oral cancer and concern for own health, any lump in the oral cavity is often served with suspicion. Foliate papillitis is one of the painful swellings located at the posterior lateral margin of the tongue. Foliate papilla is covered by thin muosa, which when inflamed ruptures exposing the underlying foliate papilla. These exposed papilla may get secondarily infection leading to pain and swelling. In this article, we report a patient with foliate papillitis.

Background: Exudative pleural effusions are a common diagnostic problem in clinical practice and it is difficult to determine the cause of pleural effusion. Aims and objectives: to evaluate the role of ADA and cytology in diagnosis of exudative plural effusion Materials and methods: 100 patients with exudative plural effusions were recruited Results: Tuberculosis was the most common cause of plural effusion in 74% followed by malignancy 18% then synpneumonic 6%.

The importance of male to women´s sexual and reproductive health promotion was officially recognized by International Conference on Population and Development. Increase male involvement may therefore improve maternal health and reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to appraise the involvement of men in antenatal, labour and postpartum care services in different regions of the world.

Objectives: To analyse the age wise and gender wise prevalence, risk factors, severity pattern, antimicrobial sensitivity patterns of infectious wounds.
Methods: A prospective study, conducted for of 5 months. 138 wounds with pus were included. A data collection form including demographics, severity assessment scale, antibiogram, medication chart was used.

Background & Objectives: With increased awareness and interest in health and natural remedies, breathing techniques are gaining importance and becoming increasingly acceptable to the scientific community Breathing is the most vital function for maintenance of life. Pranayama is an art of controlling the life force of breath. It produces many systemic psycho-physical effects in the body, besides its specific effects on the respiratory functions. Pranayama helps to bring the conscious awareness in breathing to reshape breathing habits and patterns.

Aims: Wastage of blood due to ‘time expiry’ and surplus blood stock management. Design: Retrospective and cross sectional study of 12 years of district Solapur. Analysis: Average blood wastage % due to ‘time expiry’ wastage of blood for each block of 4 years and overall average of ‘time expiry’ wastage %.Results are plotted on area graph from year 2003 to 2014. Results: ‘Time expiry’ of blood discard% is increased from 1.27 % to 4.64 % i.e. 3.65 fold. Average of 12 years’ time expiry % is 2.65%.

Background: Circulating 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH)D), an accurate measure of vitamin D status, is markedly reduced in rachitic infants. Aside from the known relationship between vitamin D and bone, vitamin D has also been implicated in cardiovascular homeostasis, immune function and inflammation. Furthermore, a mass of evidence is accumulating that vitamin D deficiency could lead to cardiovascular complications and imbalance of cytokines profile.

The study was conducted in eighteen prenatal female goats comprising group I, II and III having Crown rump length, up to 10 cm, 10-20cm and 20+ cm respectively. The initiation of the development of the mammary gland was observed as mammary line in the foetus of group I (4.50 cm CRL). The mammary line was made up of several (4-5) layers of epidermal cells, developed on the stratum germinativum. The further proliferation of cells lead to the formation of mammary hillock observed in the foetus of group I (5.20 cm CRL).

Backgrounds: Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia due to defective insulin secretion or action. There is increasing evidence of the involvement of trace elements in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the serum levels of copper and chromium in Sudanese patients with type 2 Diabetes with that of non-diabetic healthy controls.

Hyopituitarism is the condition, when pituitary gland is unable to provide sufficient hormones, due to an inability of pituitary gland to produce hormones or due to an insufficient supply of hypothalamic-releasing hormones. Symptoms depend on the degree of hormone depletion and the rapidity of onset. Hypopituitarism is usually a mixture of several hormonal deficiencies but rarely involves all the pituitary hormones. i.e. pan hypopitruitism.

Background: Appendicitis is one of the most common diseases that needs emergency surgery (Williams et al.,, 1995). Variations in anatomical position cause different clinical presentations (Singh et al.,, 1999). The aim of this study is to determine the anatomical variations of the position of appendix in Acute Appendicitis. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in ESIC Medical college and Hospital, Coimbatore on 53 patients for a period of one year from January 2015 to December 2015 who had undergone appendicectomy in acute appendicitis.

Aim: To analyze the existence of the posterior condylar foramen and the morphometry of the posterior condylar fossa and the jugular foramen. Objective: To check the bilateral or unilateral existence of the posterior condylar foramen. To also observe variations in the measurements of the posterior condylar fossa and the jugular foramen using a vernier caliper. Introduction: The condylar fossae are situated at either side of the foramen magnum behind the occipital condyles and accommodate the postero-superior part of the lateral mass of the atlas when the head is bent backwards.

Introduction: Wound sections resulting from high-energy laser treatment of premalignant oral lesions have a specific healing process. Objectives: Aim of this study is to follow up the dynamics of wound healing in patients with oral leukoplakia submitted to Er-YAG laser treatment. Materials: Observed in this study were 36 wounds resulting from surgical treatment of patients that were histologically proven with oral leukoplakia, without presence of cell displasia. Methodology: Laser ablation technique was applied using vapolarization.

Introduction: One of the commonly performed invasive procedures in hospitalized patients is Foley catheterization. Retained Foley catheter due to non-deflating catheter balloon is a known complication though rarely encountered in day to day practice. The current study was conducted to evaluate our experience of managing retained Foley catheter due to non-deflating catheter balloon and review hospital policy to address the problem.

Introduction: The skin acts as a buffer against the external environment and thus is more vulnerable to a variety of disease-causing microorganisms and physical assaults. The skin is affected by wide range of diseases comprising of inflammatory disorders to highly malignant neoplasms. Material & Methods: All the skin lesion received from Jan 2016 to June 2016, excluding those of oral & nasal mucosa and tongue, are studied retrospectively in the dept. of Pathology at Swami Ramanand Teerth Rural Government Medical College, Ambajogai.

Background: Hand hygiene plays an important role in preventing diseases. Hand hygiene techniques are simple and effective, but there is a poor compliance by health workers to maintain hand hygiene. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of hand hygiene in interns and postgraduates of a Tertiary care hospital of Mangalore. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from August- September 2015 using a semi- structured questionnaire based on WHO hand hygiene Questionnaire. Written consent was taken.

Background: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) quickly raises local temperature of subcutaneous adipose tissue, resulting in instantaneous cell death within the targeted area; higher temperatures can be safely applied using contact cooling. Objective: Evaluate safety and performance efficacy of HIFU with surface cooling for Non-Invasive reduction of the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT)in the abdomen. Methods: A new HIFU device (LIPOcel™, Jeisys Medical, Inc.

Laundry industry directly in the form of phosphate throw waste into the drainage channel or body of water without prior treatment. One of the alternative technologies that can be used to overcome this problem is biosand filter and activated carbon. Activated carbon is very effective in reducing the organic materials one phosphate, wherein the activated carbon made from waste plastic bag crackle of the type of polyethylene.

Tetanus is an illness caused by the neurotoxin produced by the Clostridium tetani and its control is a strategy of the vaccination programs developed by the Panamerican Health Organization. For the production of tetanus toxoid are used international standards of antitoxins gotten in equines, however, these antisera are not available for their routine use in Cuba. The purpose of this study was to obtain a potent antitoxin against tetanus toxin. Four groups of mares were immunized.

Background: The main cause of pulpal and periradicularpathosis are microorganisms and their by-products in the root canal system. Teeth involving periapical pathology requires root canal treatment with hermetic seal. But sometimes periapical healing is not achieved even after conventional root canal treatment. Previously different leakage tests have been done to check the sealing ability of newer root end filling materials but never before bacterial leakage study has been done on newer root end filling materials.

Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypotonia, ataxia, abnormal eye movement, and intellectual disability with a distinctive mid-hindbrain malformation (the “molar tooth sign”). Variable features include retinal dystrophy, cystic kidney disease and polydactyl.

Aim: To assess the frictional resistance of different orthodontic archwires using ceramic brackets. Material & Methods: This study was conducted using four different orthodontic archwires like Stainless steel, Nickel Titanium, TMA and Teflon coated having 0.019 x 0.025 inch cross-section ligated in a ceramic bracket with 0.022 x 0.028 inch slot with elastomeric modules.

A correct diagnosis and an understanding of the etiology and dynamics of the processes involved in tooth resorption is critical to effective management. Some transient trauma induced resorptions require no treatment but should be carefully monitored to check for any complications such as infection. Infection induced tooth resorptions require the removal of the invading micro-organisms by endodontic therapy including intra-canal medication that can eventually facilitate repair of the resorbed tooth structure.

The presentation of methemoglobinemia in emergency care setting can be nonspecific and thereby difficult to diagnose. Cyanosis being a presentation it sometimes leads to unnecessary invasive procedures. Acquired Methemoglobinemia is a common entity and its incidence is much more than documented. Almost 100 compounds have been identified to cause Methemoglobinemia.

Introduction: The attitude of medical students towards the proficiency of teachers and their teaching skills is very influential and has changed over a period of time. Periodic Self-evaluation of faculty to improve teaching is pivotal to roughly know where we academically stand. This study is mainly capacitated to know, analyze about the teaching skills of the Microbiology department faculty from the students point of view.

Introduction: Increase in the number of circulating Nucleated Red Blood Cell (NRBC) may result from various stimuli. NRBC count in umbilical venous blood of neonates has been reported as a possible marker of perinatal asphyxia. Aims The aim of the study was to correlate NRBC /100 WBC count with perinatal outcome in normal and pre-eclamptic women. Materials and Methods: It was a prospective case controlled study performed on 120 normotensive and 120 pre-eclamptic women. At delivery 1 ml of umbilical cord blood and 1ml of maternal blood was collected and analyzed for NRBC.

Background: The main purpose of this article is to focus on mortality rate among males and females in rural and urban areas of People’s Republic of China (PRC) due to viral hepatitis. The age group of the reviewed population is between 0 and 87 years of age. Study Design: Review of literatures relevant to the article. Methods: The article uses the data from "3rd National Survey of Death Causes in China", which compare the mortality rate of viral hepatitis among the males and females in rural and urban areas in China.

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare unusual lung disorder of unknown etiology characterized by the accumulation of large amounts of a phospholipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli due to impaired alveolar macrophage function caused by neutralizing anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating autoantibodies that stains positive by using the periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) method. Diagnosis may be difficult with clinical signs and symptoms only. We present a rare case of 22-years old male having idiopathic PAP presenting with dyspnoea on exertion, productive cough and fever.

For successful root canal therapy a thorough knowledge of the internal as well as the external dental anatomy is required. Variations in morphology can be seen in any tooth, even maxillary lateral incisor. This case report describes a multidisciplinary approach involving endodontic and prosthetic considerations for a good esthetic and functional rehabilitation of the maxillary lateral incisor fused with a supernumerary tooth. The clinician should have an accurate knowledge about the anatomy of each tooth, to identify the presence of unusual numbers of roots and their morphology.

Ectopic pregnancy is defined as gestation in which implantation is outside uterine cavity. With the earlier and more accurate diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy based on beta subunit pregnancy test and the use of transvaginal ultrasound and laparoscopy, the percentage of diagnosed unruptured pregnancy is rapidly increasing. However treatment of ectopic pregnancy has also evolved from emergency laparotomy to conservative management either medical or surgical. Linear salpingostomy is one of such conservative surgical method in management of ectopic pregnancy.

Background and Objectives: The ultrasonographic visualization of the nerves to be blocked is a relatively new technique that holds promise for the future. The last few years have witnessed a tremendous increase in the use of ultrasound guidance for regional nerve blocks. Our study was conducted to study the effect of Dexmedetomidine added to the local an aesthetics for ultrasound guided supraclavicular block in respect to onset, duration of sensory and motor block along with duration of analgesia.

Objective: Dengue viral infections are among the most important mosquito borne diseases of the Indian subcontinent and have become a major global public health concern. The objective was to study the clinical, biochemical profile and complications of dengue fever. Methodology: This prospective study was conducted in the Department of General Medicine at Narayana Medical College & Hospital, Nellore during the recent epidemic of Dengue fever in Andhra Pradesh from September – December 2015.

Anatomy stands as a backbone in medical education, teaching of gross anatomy in dissection hall by dissecting the cadavers facilitates the students to understand the subject very much advantageously in more efficient mode. Common problem encountered during anatomy dissection is drying of dissected parts of the cadaver and it is a major problem for medical colleges which are running in hot and dry climate areas like vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The concept of using thermocol in anatomy dissection for prevention of drying of dissected parts of cadaver is an innovative idea.

Inverted third molar impaction with incompletely formed apices is a rarest occurrence. Very few cases have been reported in literature till date. Here we report an interesting case of inverted mandibular third molar impaction in a 27 year old female patient with rarest presentation.

Pseudolesions (THAD) of the liver and target sign are seen in liver abscess on MDCT. These resemble primary liver cancer or metastasis. THAD is suggestive of underlying liver disorder. THADare areas of enhancement on hepatic arterial phase that are as a result of a localized variation of hepatic arterial and portal venous supply. Double target sign in hepatic abscess is observed during dynamic CECT of the liver.

Cholangiohepatitis is an inflammatory disease of the biliary system. It may occur due to stricture, obstruction, foreign body or without a known cause. Reflux of intestinal content may rarely occur at hepaticojejunostomy site. Medical and surgical treatments are frequently required in patients with symptoms of recurrent cholangitis.

Problem Statement: Individual’s research activities are reported to be influenced by a number of issues such as disinterest in the research area, taking research process as a threatening factor or incapability of doing research. Identification of research competency, attitude and anxiety factors in nursing doctoral students is vital for demonstrating the current state in nursing doctoral students. Methods: This descriptive correlational study’s sampling was limited to the nursing doctoral students chosen from the Nursing College and Faculties listed by The Council of Higher Education.

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of preoperative transarterial embolization of spinal tumors and the factors influencing subsequent surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 22 patients who underwent preoperative embolization and surgery for a spinal malignancy from March 2005 to July 2014. Angiographic assessment of the main nutrient artery and bone tumor vascularity was performed, followed by tumor embolization using micro-coils, Gelfoam, or polyvinyl alcohol. Tumor staining was evaluated before the procedure was finished.

Background: Stroke is the second most common cause of death worldwide after ischemic heart disease and is a major health burden. It contributes to three percent of disability worldwide. In developing countries, two-thirds of deaths occur due to stroke (Warlow, Sudlow, Dennis, Wardlaw & Sandercock, 2003). Stroke survivors may suffer from cardiovascular deterioration, motor deficits, postural control issues, balance disturbances, muscular weakness, spasticity and a limited ability to walk.

Background of the Problem: The recording of posterior palatal seal (PPS) is of great significance, because it contributes significantly to the retention of a maxillary complete denture. Hundreds of dentures have failed due to the improper establishment of the distal limit and to improper PPS. Aim of the Study: to study the individual variations in the shape and size of PPS and its vibrating lines. The objective is to study the correlation PPS with palatal angulation. Materials and Methods: The PPS area was measured in patient’s mouth.

Adverse events during and after surgery are common. A number of patient, surgical and anaesthetic factors can result in such adverse events. We present the case of a patient who underwent laparoscopy and hysterectomy. Following uneventful surgery, patient developed hypoxia and was not responding to verbal commands. Also her pupils were constricted but her blood pressure was stable. Patient was shifted to I.C.U and after plethora of diagnosis; correct diagnosis of rare pentazocin intoxication was arrived after much deliberation and heartache.

Background: The post surgical sequeale following surgical removal of impacted third molars such as pain, swelling and trismus can cause distress to the patients and affect the quality of life. Many clinicians have attempted to reduce these sequelae by using NSAIDs and Corticosteroids like dexamethasone and methylprednisolone. Recently studies have been conducted to test the efficacy of local submucosal injection of corticosteroids. Aim: To evaluate the effects of submucosal injection of dexamethasone on postoperative discomfort after third molar surgery.

Spontaneous Nephrocutaneous Fistula (SNCF) is a very rare entity. The known causes are: post-operative, calculous pyonephrosis, chronic pyelonephritis, renal infections, perinephric abscess, trauma, xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, renal tumours, open surgical procedures, reflux diseases and renal tuberculosis. Till 2013 only 29 cases were published. It is usually associated with obstructing calculus and non functioning kidney.

Pathological tooth migration (PTM) is indisputably one of the dentoalveolar disorders that cause special concern to patients especially when occurring in the anterior segment. There appear to be multiple factors which are important in the expression of the tooth migration namely, bone loss, followed by tooth loss and gingival inflammation.

Introduction: Staphylococci are a part of the normal flora of the human body. They are ubiquitous in nature and they cause a variety of infections ranging from suppurative lesions like folliculitis, abscess, wound infections to urinary tract infections, toxic shock syndrome etc. The carriage of this species can be of nasal, vaginal or perineal origin. The emergence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has evoked the need to screen for carriers since the treatment options available are very limited.

Background: Cosmetic procedures have become an integral part of periodontology. Patients these days are more concerned about their smile and aesthetics. Gingival hyperpigmentation gives black appearance to the gums which are unaesthetic. Therefore this study was designed to test the efficacy of newly introduced cryogen, 1-1-1-2 tetraflouroethane for the treatment of gingival melanin hyperpigmentation.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of Tactile, Radiovisiography and Electronic Apex Locator in determination of working length in primary molars. Materials and Method: In this study, 80 patients between the age group of 5-9 years were selected. After local anesthesia administration, tooth isolation and access cavity preparation was done. Pulp extirpation was done with the no. 15 H file and canals were irrigated using irrigating solution. File was introduced in the canal until tactile resistance was felt and rubber stop was adjusted.

Introduction: Rabies an archaic zoonotic disease. Nearly 15 million people are bitten by animals in India every year, with dogs being responsible for 96.2% of the bites. The most vulnerable members of society are children and poor or lower socio-economic classes. A majority of the victims had taken a partial course of vaccine. Methodology: Longitudinal study was conducted in the of CHC Mulky, among patients registered from Novmber2015 to April 2016.

Noonan syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder with an estimated incidence between one in 1000 to 2500 live births. Characteristic features involve short stature, cardiac defects, haematological problems, developmental delays and several malformations in the oral cavity. Several features of Noonan syndrome resemble those of Turner’s syndrome; however a clear demarcation can be made based on the karyotyping of the individual. A child with Noonan syndrome requires additional care and support while carrying out his daily affairs.

Stem cell research is a new field in dental health aspect. Stem cells can be used in various replacement and regeneration procedures. In this regard minimum knowledge of stem cells, scope, applications and research is important. Aim of the present study is to assess the knowledge, awareness and scope of stem cells among Dental Professionals in Chennai city.

The life was became strongly dependent from the presence of protons and electrons, which were formed during a events called as big bang, 15 billion years ago. i.e. the protons and electrons, which were formed during a events called as big bang through the process termed as singularity 15 billion years ago sets the stage for the formation of life in the universe.

Tobacco Consumption is widely prevalent habit among Tribals & Non Tribals. Awareness about its hazardous effects is important to reduce the number of tobacco users and its dependency in them. Objectives are To find out the Magnitude of Tobacco Consumption among Tribal & Non Tribal, Its dependency status & Effects on Blood Pressure. A cross sectional study using Multi stage Random Sampling Method with house to house visits. Sample size came out 300 each from the Tribal &Non Tribal adults. Study was conducted in Narayanganj block of Mandla District.

In this research, two types of LiNbO3 congruent composition, doped and substituted with different concentrations of Yttrium (Y) ranging from 0 to 5 mol % are prepared by the classical solid method. The structural properties and composition of the obtained powders are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and by the Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS).

Interplanetary Coronal Mass Ejections (ICMEs) are the region of light scattered due to the electron densities in solar corona. The main objective of the study is to determine the distributions of Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and solar flare parameters for the purpose of establishing the relationship between CME/flare properties derived from remote solar observations at the Earth. The identified CMEs are measured and their basic attributes are catalogued in a data base known as the SOHO/LASCO CME catalog. We have investigated some properties of all the fast and slow CMEs events.

The ternary charge transfer complexes of TMPD (N,N,N,N- tetramethyl-p- phenylene diamine) have been studied with FTIR spectroscopy. The complexes have two-lower and higher-absorption edges in infrared range associated with two acceptors. TMPD-chloranil – I2 have 0.22 eV and 0.12 eV as edges while TMPD-DDQ-I2have 0.28eV and 0.12 eV as edges. Similar edges at 0.22 eV and 0.09eV are found in TMPD-TCNQ-I2 and 0.27 eV and 0.12 eV in TMPD-TCNE-I2 complex.

This manuscript describes the simple condensation of bis (methylthio) methylene malononitrile (1) with 2-amino benzimidazole (2) in DMF and catalytic amount of anhydrous K2CO3 gives 3-cyano-4-imino-2-metylthio-4H- pyrimido [1, 2-a] benzimidazole (3) in good yield and further refluxed with different nucleophiles such as aryl amines, heteryl amines, substituted phenols and active methylene compounds to equip its 2- substituted derivatives. All newly synthesized compounds were deduced by spectroscopic technique such as IR, MS, NMR (1H & 13C) and screened their antioxidant activity.

A cathode buffer layer made of TiO2 introduced in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT): Indene-C70 Bis-Adduct (ICBA) bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cell. The open-circuit voltage and fill factor increase respectively to 0.62 V and 63%, due to the enhanced electron extraction by inserting a TiO2 layer between the active layer and Al cathode. Thus, the power conversion efficiency increases from 5.8 % to 8% and the ecofriendly permanency is also much enhanced.

We have considered the unsteady MHD flow through a loosely packed porous medium in an impulsively started vertical plate with variable heat and mass transfer. The temperature of plate is made to rise linearly with time. The fluid considered is gray, absorbing-emitting radiation but a non-scattering medium. The governing equations involved in the present analysis are solved by the Laplace-transform technique.

Using literature (11) (12) (13) (14) we proved that quantum mechanics describes in dual four- dimensional space-time w(x,k), matter waves are physical wave, parallel quantum state is the product of the quantum segment. Measuring micro object before and after physical space has changed. Many key basic knowledge are concentrated here. For example, double-slit experiment, delayed choice experiment, the Schrodinger cat paradox, and the non-local quantum communication all are controversial problems today.

Glasses have been prepared by melt-quenching technique. Optical absorption and emission spectra of 0.5 mol% Dy3+doped lithium– sodium and lithium-potassium chloroborate glasses havebeen recorded. The amorphous nature of glass matrix was confirmed by XRD. Free-ion Hamiltonian model and Judd - Ofelt theory have been used to analyze the energy level scheme and the spectral intensities of Dy3+ ion in these glasses. The intensities of f-f transitions are parameterized in terms of Judd-Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4 and 6).

In this paper researchers have discussed exchange call option valuation using Margrabe's formula in Fuzzy environment. To model the uncertainty in parameters of Margrabe's formula, the trapezoidal fuzzy numbers are used. By using case example, the range of option values is predicted to a certain extent, which eventually can help investors to decide the investment strategy.

A deterministic compartmental eco-epidemiological model of Newcastle disease (ND) in Tanzania is proposed and analyzed by using the stability theory of differential equations. The main objective of paper is to estimate the model parameters using maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods. The model is fitted using data for five districts in Dodoma and Singida regions in Tanzania. The sample 10,000 numbers of simulations were used in MCMC in parameters distribution to study the behavior of each parameter in the model.

Gender classification problem is an active research area which has attracted a great deal of attention recently. It is a challenging pattern recognition problem. Generally gender classification involves a process of determining the gender. Gender is among the strongest predictors of crime, particularly violent crime. Arrest, self-report, and victimization data consistently show that men and boys commit significantly more crime, both serious and not, than women and girls. This pattern persists despite data indicating that crimes committed by females may be rising.

The incorporation of surface irregularities on the heat transfer surface is taking its attention because it enhances the thermo- hydraulic characteristics of the heat exchanger. However, the thermal performance enhancement and pressure drop increment comes parallel with heat transfer enhancement technique. But, in some applications, it is highly appropriate to provide surface roughness where space consideration is more vital to power loss as a result of pressure drop, namely on aerospace industry and nuclear reactors.

In the current information technology scenario cloud storage is one of the best database platforms which provide the high security to stored data, and also decrease the burden of local data storage and maintenance. Main problem in cloud computing was the problem of data security and data access by unauthorized users. Storage and sharing of data in cloud can be changed simply by user.

Tremendous growth of electronic industry, consumer culture, increasing rates of consumption of electronic devices has sharp rise in the volume of waste that these products generate at the end of their useful life. The problem of electronic waste (e-waste) is growing at an unsustainable rate. E-waste is now the fastest growing, and most toxic, component of municipal garbage. Local governments are facing huge costs to handle e-waste, and even greater costs if they do not capture this toxic stream and handle it in an appropriate manner.

The paper mainly focuses on how smart the traffic controlling is being done. In India as the population is being increasing day by day the traffic is also increasing with proportionality. So the traffic signals need good coordination for the smooth flow of traffic during the busy hours as the traffic is at peaks. In order to avoid traffic jams when the emergency vehicles are passing towards the junction this work is being implemented. Each vehicle is equipped with the RFID tag which can’t be removed or destroyed.

Coordination complex with metal ion Co(II) has been synthesized from the Schiff base (L) derived from glutaraldehyde and L-histidine. Both the ligand and the complex synthesized were characterised by elemental analyses, magnetic susceptibility, molar conductance, IR, UV-Vis, 1H-NMR spectral studies, X-ray diffraction study, SEM study and thermal studies. On the basis of the above studies, it is proposed that the ligand is suggested to act in a tetradentate manner coordinating through both carbonyl oxygen and amino nitrogen atoms.

Irrigation is quite time consuming process if it is not well managed by user. Hence this system stands for the need of automated irrigation system. In this system two micro-controllers are used. One at pump site and another one is at field. When moisture level is above threshold voltage the automated commands are sent through interface and valves is switching ON or OFF. GSM Module is used to keep updated to user. ZigBee module is used in this system to interface both the controllers. Hence this system have proven best to reduce time consumtion while irrigation.

Field equations in a modified theory of gravitation proposed by Harko et al. (Phys. Rev. D 84: 024020, 2011) are obtained with the aid of a spatially homogeneous and anisotropic LRS Bianchi type-I metric. Cosmological models corresponding to stiff fluid obtained. Some physical and kinematical properties of each of the models are also studied.

In this paper we introduce the notation of weak bi-ideals in near-subtraction semigroup. (ie) A subalgebra B of (X,) is said to be a weak bi-ideal in near-subtraction semigroup if B3B and obtain equivalent conditions for various regularities in terms of weak bi-ideals and bi-ideals.

World has changed and so has Neurology. Researchers in neuroscience could not contain their excitement albeit with the concoction of Binaural beats there are many uncertainties of its usage both because of paucity of knowledge and copious skepticism of people in general regarding the usage of these so called “digital drugs”. Binaural basically means listening with both the ears. The sorcery in these beats use the simple phenomenon of “hearing” with both ears with frequencies not more than 1500Hz, with less than 40Hz difference between them.

Heat exchangers are equipment that transfers heat from one medium to another. An air cooled heat exchanger, or ACHE, is simply a pressure vessel which cools a circulating fluid within finned tubes by forcing ambient air over the exterior of the tubes. In cross flow exchangers, the hot and cold fluids move perpendicular to each other. Some actual heat exchangers are a mixture of cross flow and counter flow (Known as Counter to Cross Flow Heat Exchangers) due to design features (Parag Mishra and Dr Manoj Arya, 2016).

Aero-elasticity is the subject that describes the interaction between the deformation of an elastic structure in airstream and resulting aerodynamic force especially on aircrafts. This work studies the numerical analysis of the airfoil flutter. To do this work, Euler equations are integrated in time to get aerodynamic forces, then, at each time step, these aerodynamic forces are coupled with airfoil equations of motion to simulate its flutter.

The purpose of this study is to identify the socio-economic determinants of cumulative fertility-number of children ever born to women at the end of their reproductive period. The data on the explanatory variables is obtained from census 2001 and 2011. The multiple regression technique is used to study the relationship between the dependent variable children ever born and the explanatory variables and to predict the average parity for the year 2011. Variance inflation factor is used to test for multicollinearity. SPSS 17.0 is used for statistical analysis.

Manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles, were synthesized by Sol-Gel technique, to investigate its applicability as electrode material for supercapacitor. The cubic spinal structure of MnFe2O4 was confirmed from X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern and an average particle size calculated from Scherer equation was 15 nm. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) photograph reveals agglomerated nanosized grains of the product. Electrochemical properties were investigated via cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge in 1M KCL electrolyte.

Background: The endodontic therapy establishes the actual length of the root canal various methods are employed to measure this length, including, tactile sensitivity, x-rays and electronic locators foraminal. Objective: To evaluate the electronic foramen locator Root ZX in terms of accuracy and reliability in relation to the three locators third generation electronic foraminalNovApex, Gnatus and Apex Locator in determining root canal length of 0.0 millimeters (mm) and 1.0 mm below the apex with radiographic evidence.

The preparation and electrochemical characterisation of poly (3-methylthiophene-co-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) modified glassy carbon electrode with 2-Amino anthra-9,10-quinone were investigated. The influence of pH on the electrochemical behaviour and stability of the poly(3-methylthiophene-co-3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) was studied. The diffusion coefficient values of anthraquinones at the copolymer modified electrode and the number of electrons involved in anthraquinone reduction were evaluated by chronoamperometric and chronocoulometric techniques.

This tabloid presents a discovery with proof of identity of brain tumor, now It is use an image mining using development performances for a segmentation of image with engendered segmented image authorization to Multivariate division algorithm. Using MICCAI (Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention) dataset segmented image is alienated hooked on protuberances, at this time perceive accurate with dishonest protuberances with concurrence to factual lump proposal a sapling then the leap protuberances are mingling with engendered a result.

In this study, the allele frequencies and statistical parameters of forensic interest were determined for the fifteen short tandem repeat loci included in AmpFlSTR Identifiler (Applied Biosystems) genotyping kit in Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) Muslim population. A total of 150 samples were analyzed for the above said study. All the analyzed loci met Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations.

It was believed in the earlier part of the twentieth century that a person high on rational intelligence (IQ) will succeed in his life. Later, in mid 1990s, a theory was propounded that a person high on emotional intelligence (EQ), IQ being the same, has greater chances of faring well in life, for he is endowed with the capacity to manage his own and others’ emotions better. Towards the end of the century, it was highlighted that spiritual intelligence (SI), also SQ for short, is the ultimate intelligence, necessary for effective functioning of IQ and EQ.

Indian financial sector has been growing at a galloping pace, comparatively with other industries from the last three decades. At present, India is with above 150 public and private sector banks with more than 110000 branch network. Indian banking is currently going through a difficult period during this mergers and acquisitions era. However, the problems are not unique to India. Growth has also slowed down in many other Emerging Markets and Developing Economies (EMDEs).

In this paper we have discuss about the meaning of web mining, Digital Library, Various types of web mining, and advantages of web mining in digital library system to extract information. Web mining is part of data mining, helps to find new patterns that enable a merchant to take new decisions for business opportunity.

This study was conducted in order to gain knowledge of the market of the manioc flour in Alagoas, Brazil, and its potentials, based on the information from all links in the production and marketing chain. In Brazil, several products are derived from manioc. Due to that it has a greatsocial and economic importance. The current research is structured in the framework of the five forces analysis of Michael E. Porter (1947). A combination of the all factors suggests that the production industry of the manioc flour is attractive for producers since all five forces are benefiting.

Detailed study has been carried out for understanding the environmental status of Kadalundi River Basin in Kerala using secondary data collected from various departments and field survey. This study is a preliminary investigation of the early and existing environmental condition in the river basin which is one of the hot spots of biodiversity. Based on the published information in news papers, articles, internet and a pilot field study was carried out to find out the actual environmental status of the river basin.

This paper addresses a framework that incorporate four integrated models; a mathematical formulation model which integrate final products with sub-assemblies and raw materials in order to generate optimal solution. The second model is the simulation which simulates the mathematical model to generate set of items of information. The third model is a knowledge base structure that records simulation output, and manufacturing organization procedures and policies.

This article examines the effect of the entrepreneur skills on predicting the default risk of investment credit. Our work seeks to determine if these variables affect the probability of default. To do this, we are based on a sample of 39 Small and Medium Enterprise to estimate a logit model of default probability. Our results show that the variables which are related to entrepreneur skills have a significant effect on the prediction of credit default probability.

The sports development framework in Sri Lanka expanded from 1972 with direct government involvement and with change in to open economic policies, the corporate sector took a direct involvement in sports development. The research is an investigation to assess the investment made by slim line pvt Ltd to develop female boxing in Sri Lanka. The purpose of the study was to find out the influence of inadequate female participation of boxing at slim line (Pvt) Ltd.

The incidence of child labour is one of the causes of social degradation particularly on the fair face of the globalized world. According to recent publication of ILO one in every six children aged between 5 and 17 (i.e., 246 million children) is involved in child labour. In India as revealed by the NSSO data 2007-08, the informal sector alone account for over two thirds of the child employment. The manufacturing sector and the trade, hotels and restaurant together accounts 6 per cent of the total child labour force in rural India.

Today, from the time we awaken in the morning to the time before we sleep, we are surrounded by media, such as newspapers, radio, television, cellular phones, computers. Sometimes we are not even aware that we are surrounded by these media. All these media come under the overall umbrella of what we known as today’s ICTs. Knowing and using ICTs is important in today’s fast changing knowledge society, but we very often are confused about what these media are. ICT’s stand for Information and Communication Technologies. “ICT in Education” means Teaching and learning with ICT.

Multiculturalism as an academic discourse and a state policy drew the attention of scholars and policy maker around the world. The process of globalization brought broader impact on multiculturalism both at national and international levels. At the international level, the trends of assimilation and clashes of cultures can be seen in peaceful co-existence and radicalisation of many nations and communities. At the national level, it has brought numerous challenges and opened better opportunities to the culture of minorities.

Increasing the power of Acacia wood and wood beams Camphor at making lamina based on the concept of deformation. This research is compiled from Acacia wood board sheets and wood Camphor each test sample used as solid beams, beam lamina two layers, beams lamina three layers to gain strength MoE and MoR. Raw material for adhesive laminated beams Dovebond 30 and adhesive Synteko 1909 with Hardener 1999. The nature of physics and mechanics of wood : Testing Results Acacia wood moisture content < of wood Camphor and density, shear strength, MoE, MoRAcacia wood > Camphor wood.

Foreign direct investment plays an important role in the economic development of the country. It helps in transferring of financial resources, technology and innovative and improved management techniques along with raising productivity. An Indian company may receive Foreign Direct Investment either through automatic route or government route. N the last years, investment in the agricultural sector in developing countries has been neglected and the share of public expenditures as well as Official Development Assistance (ODA) in agriculture has declined.

India has an opportunity to become one of the world’s most dynamic economics. Keeping this in mind, our Honourable Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi was initiated and launched ‘Make in India’ a manufacturing hub campaign on 25th September, 2014 by inviting and motivating all global and domestic companies to manufacture their products in 25 identified industrial sectors in India.

The functions of chief executive officers of universities differ only slightly from chief executive officers in other organizations. As special bureaucracies with very large concentration of professors and other professional groups, chief executive officers supervise their staff to teach, research, disseminate knowledge and to collate divergent opinions towards national development. The paper consults and criticizes the views of earlier writers on chief executives of universities.

Grass stains are frequently encountered as evidentiary material particularly in outdoor criminal investigations. These stains, if analyzed properly and identified correctly can solve the mysteries of outdoor criminal cases. High Performance Thin Layer Chromatographic (HPTLC) being highly sensitive, reliable and reproducible technique is best suited for the analysis of grass stains.

This research sought to identify the motivational factors associated with the intention to readiness to retirement planning of estate sector employees in Sri Lanka. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) investigates the effects of the behavioral factors associated with the intention to readiness to retirement planning. Simple random sampling method was used to select the respondents and face-to-face interview was conducted to survey 900 households in the Nuwara Eliya district of the central province in Sri Lanka.

Tribal communities are one of the important segments of this nation. Indian tribal are traditional, conservative and unprivileged people. They are socially and economically weaker and also under object poverty and live in a subsistence economy and general backwardness. This is because of their ill health which is a cause and consequence of poverty. The major impediments to good health care inequity in health system and radical poverty of the masses. The present study was undertaken Andipottai and Kazhaparai settlements in Kanyakumari district.

This research aims to study the implementation of elementary school teachers that demonstrate learning management in the 21st century and to compare by gender, work experience, and levels of education. The survey methodology was used, gathering data from a sample of the population who are the elementary school teachers in KhonKaen province, Thailand.

This research aims to study the behavior of elementary school principals that reflects transformational leadership in the new paradigm of 21st century education and to compare behavior by gender, work experience, and levels of education. The survey methodology was used, gathering data from a sample of the population who are public elementary school principals in Khon Kaen province, Thaialand.

Individual, Group and Peer Guidance and Counselling services in Secondary Schools are conceived as important services towards strengthening students’ character and academic achievement. In Bureti Sub County performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education from 2007 to 2009 was below average, that is, mean scores of 4.445, 4.435 and 4.491 respectively in spite of Guidance and Counselling services being in place, perhaps due to shortcoming in the effectiveness of these Guidance and Counselling services on academic achievement.

Background: The relationship between Transformational Leadership (TL) and Emotional Intelligence (EI) has been studied by many authors. There have been very few studies of this relationship in Iraq. Al’Ikha industrial establishment attempts to organize the relationship between the managers and staff according to scientifically studied research. It is concerned of choosing a leadership type which enhances EI for the benefit of the establishment ant its employees. Objectives: The objective of this study is to measure the impact of TL on EIinAl’Ikha establishment.

The study aimed to prepare, design and produce an instructional computerized software to the deaf and mute students in the primary schools, the study aimed also to identify the impact of using instructional computerized software on checking homework lessons and remaining of the impact of learning and attitudes among the deaf and mute students in the basic level in subject of computer skills. The researchers had developed a study unit through programming PowerPoint PC program to the 1st level.

Technical and Vocational subjects have remained an integral aspect of the educational sector and is seen as the pivot upon which economic growth and development lies. Owing to its importance, enrolment into these subjects is very crucial in measuring the pace at which skills, attitudes and knowledge are given to the students.

The attitudes development of Halu Oleo university students towards democracy and human aiming at developing students' attitudes through the improvement of learning system. The research methodology employed in this study is divided into three cycles. The students can construct the reality based on the material they have learned which in turn can build up their good attitudes. There are 6 developed strategies in constructivism learning, as follows, (1) situation, (2) grouping, (3) connecting, (4) questioning, (5) exhibition, (6) reflection.

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the determinants of tourist satisfaction in Tanzania hotels. It aimed to achieve this through a cross sectional survey of five touristic hotels in Tanzania. Thus, a sample of 140 hotel guests in Dar es Salaam was used as an investigation to test four hypothesis of quality of hotel, rooms, food and facilities leading to outcome of guest satisfaction. Using regression analysis, findings showed that quality of hotel employees and facilities are positively related to guest satisfaction.

In the year 2003, the government of Kenya adopted devolved system of funding of education through the Constituency Development Fund in order to promote quality of education in secondary schools. Constituency Development Fund being a form of composite fund, finances education in public secondary schools by providing bursary to needy students and developing infrastructure. This study focused on quality of education in terms of students’ academic performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education examination.

This study was conducted to establish the prevalence of intestinal parasites among Fulani Pastoralists in six bush encampments in Rivers State, South-South Nigeria. Standard parasitological procedures as recommended by World Health Organization were employed in sample collection and examination. An overall prevalence of 91.2% was observed among the 593 stool samples examined with one or more of the intestinal parasites.

This study was conducted to establish the prevalence of intestinal parasites among Fulani Pastoralists in six bush encampments in Rivers State, South-South Nigeria. Standard parasitological procedures as recommended by World Health Organization were employed in sample collection and examination. An overall prevalence of 91.2% was observed among the 593 stool samples examined with one or more of the intestinal parasites.

Investigation into proximate content of some extracts (Aloe vera, Ganoderma, Earthworm and snail) used for alternative medicine was conducted. Proximate analysis showed significant differences (P< 0.05) among the extract samples. The moisture content, protein, fat, fibre, ash and carbohydrate contents from the extract samples were in the range of 7.03%-8.17%, 34.63%-67.47%, 2.17%-5.53%, 0.00%-7.63%, 7.33%-12.30% and 7.40%-41.73% respectively. The highest moisture content was recorded in the Ganoderma extract while the lowest moisture content value was recorded in the earthworm extract.

A field experiment was conducted at Agronomy research farm of IAAS, Rampur, chitwan, Nepal during summer and winter season 2010 and 2011 to study the effect of crop sequence and nitrogen rates on hybrid maize. There were thirty treatment combination consisting of six crop sequences, maize-maize, fallow-maize, greengram-maize, cowpea-maize, blackgram-maize, clusterbean-maize in main plots and five nitrogen rates 0, 50, 100, 150, 200 kg/ha in subplots with three replication.

Medicinal plants contain a plethora of bioactive metabolites that have been used in various traditional indigenous preparations as treatment modalities of multiple disorders. Cymbopogon flexuosus, also known as lemon grass, is an important medicinal plant that has been a part of Indian traditional medicines. Essential oil from lemon grass has been reported to possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant, allelopathic and anthelmintic activity. However, potential of leaf extract from lemon grass to inhibit the pathogen isolates from the wound has not been reported.

Crop coefficient (Kc) has a key role in order to reach high precision crop evapotranspiration data. This study aimed to obtain functions to estimate the daily crop coefficient (Kc) in specific locations and check advantages in its use compared with grouped and generalized values. For that purpose,daily values of Kc based on days after planting named “Kc(DAP)”were estimated by specificadjustment functions and compared to field measured crop coefficient values of peanut, sugarcane, bean, corn and soybean.

Background: Avocado pulp having appreciable phytochemical properties was selectively used as a fat replacer and also as a source of natural antioxidant in formulating a new mayonnaise product to improve its nutraceutical value and reduce cost of production. Results: This product was found to be comparable to the Egg yolk (EY) formulated sample (experimental control) organoleptically.

Penetrance and expressivity are phenomena that interfere the trait-gene relationship and tend to modify the correspondence between genotype and phenotype, difficulting the breeder's task.

Allelopathy stimulate or inhibit the growth of plant by releasing allelochemicals. Thuja orientalis L is medicinal plant which belongs to family cuperacea. Aqueous extract of leaves, bark and seeds of T.orientalis. L were used at 1, 5 and 10g/L concentration with different time period (24, 48, 72 hrs.) to check its allelopathic effect on seed germination, fresh and dry weight and seedling growth of Pennesitum americanum. Result revealed that aqueous extracts of all parts of plant at all concentration and time period had significantly inhibited seed germination of P.ammericanum L.

Overpopulation, industrialization and urbanization is main cause of degradation of natural resources. Environment is polluted continuously with heavy metals and organic pollutants which become serious problem because it threatens the living organisms. Different techniques are used for remediation of polluted water which are expensive and also has negative impact on ecosystem. Phytoremediation is cost effective, economically viable and environment friendly.

This study aimed to determine the Dickson's quality index (DQI) and its relationship with morphological variables in Acacia mearnsii De Wild seedlings, in the greenhouse. The experiment was conducted in a forestry nursery and a randomized complete block design was used, in which one forest species was evaluated through eleven evaluation periods after emergence, with five repetitions.

Free radical injury can cause a wide spectrum of tissue damage. An experimental study was performed to see the beneficial effect of secondary plant extract with organo-protective effect. Experimented animals (rats) were exposed to oxidative injury with Streptozotocin (STZ) and d-Galactosamine hydrochloride (GAL), for the generation of free radicals. The administration of these toxic agents like STZ or GAL induced various patho-physiological changes in the liver and generated disease condition due to free radical damage and oxidative stress.

Hypertension (HT) is the most prevalent, complex quantitative trait which is characterized by chronic increase in the blood pressure. High blood pressure is one of the known risk factor for stroke, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, end-stage renal and cerebrovascular disease. Essential hypertension (EH) is the most common condition which contributes to ~ 95% of cases and has no clear single identifiable cause.

Biomass fuel refers to burned plant or animal material, wood, charcoal, dung and crop residues. In developing countries more than half of domestic energy as much as 95% in low income countries use biomass fuel for cooking and heating purposes. Indoor air pollution is potentially a large health threat in rural regions and is also responsible for the deaths and illness of millions of young children. This paper reports the results of a survey of types of fuel consumption and health among the 150 households in village Bande of Banda district.

Ingestion of vegetables containing heavy metals is one of the main ways in which these elements enter the human body. Once entered, heavy metals are deposited in bone and fat tissues, overlapping noble minerals. Slowly released into the body, heavy metals can cause an array of diseases. A value of intake of heavy metals in human diets was also calculated to estimate the risk to human health. Vegetable samples were collected at the Lucknow city in Alambagh local area, and the heavy metal content was determined by SEM (Scan Electron Microscope).

The use of refined flour blend with pumpkin seed flour and soybean flour respectively and encorporated with Dates and Cranberries was studied. The ingredients composition of value added bread was refined flour 300gm, blends with pumpkin seed flour 100 gm, and 50 gm dates and 50 gm cranberry respectively and another ingreduent composition of soybean flour value added bread was 200gm refined flour, 100gm soybean flour and 50 gm Dates and 50gm cranberries respectively and compared with control sample of refined flour bread.

The present study was carried out in the laboratory of department of F.S.T BBAU University, Lucknow and somepart of analysis was done in RFRAC, Lucknow. Value added product namely brown bread were developed using barley and flaxseed flour in different sample T1,T2 ratio (50:20) analysis on nutritive qualities using proximate analysis method most people accepted T2 sample. Significant increase high nutritive value bread protein 9.34, carbohydrate 49.07, and ash 1.97, and dietary fiber 12.54, vitamin 8.56.functional brown bread is more nutritious in compression to normal brown bread.

Lifelong gluten-free diet is essential for patients having celiac disease. Since wheat flour contains gluten, it is necessary to replace wheat flour with other types of gluten-free flours The purpose of the study was to formulate biscuits by using different combination of gluten free biscuits and evaluated for nutritional analysis Three gluten free biscuits were prepared from blends of soybean, corn and rice flour at different ratio, sample T1 -RF: SF: CF (15:40, 45), and T2 – RF: SF: CF (20:45:35), T3- RF: SF:CF(25:50:25) respectively.

Rapid urbanization, industrialization and consequent changes in eating habits of people have lead to development of instant dry mixes and ready-to-eat convenience foods. With the availability of "Retort Technology" developed by Defence Food Research Laboratory (DFRL); food processing sector like Ready to Eat (RTE) and Ready to Use (RTU) food segment has emerged as one of the fastest growing sectors in the Indian economy. Two value-added products i.e., Quinoa Upma mixes and Pearl Millet Upma mixes with the Quinoa (75%) and Pearl Millet (75%) as a basic ingredient were developed.

The study was conducted on BBAU central university Lucknow department of food science & technology and there nutritional property conducted on R- frac research institute Lucknow. Knowledge and concerns of the bad health implications of high fat intake in consumers has resulted in a rising demand for low fat foods consequently, the use of various flavour treatment as alternative food souses is gaining attention among producers and consumers. Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus. Musa and for fruit they produce.

The aim was to evaluate the use of oxyfluorfen in Pilea microphylla control in desert rose cultivation. The experimental design was completely randomized, with six treatments with six replications, characterized by concentrations of oxyfluorfen (0, 240, 480, 720, 960 and 1200 g a.i. ha-1). The evaluations were performed at 7, 14, 21, 30, 60 and 90 days after application (DAA) of the herbicide to check the fitometrics level on desert rose plants and percentage of control Pilea microphylla.

Mushrooms are rich sources of proteins, vitamins and minerals. Low content of carbohydrate and fat makes mushrooms an ideal food for diabetes and persons who wish to shed excess fat. Noodles are most preferred food items among all age groups having longer shelf life and good commercial importance. The present study was conducted to compare nutritive value of developed mushroom fortified noodles with that of control group.

Today, the focus has increasingly shifted toward higher quality requirements due to changes in eating habits and growing health- consciousnes. This paper is a product of a thesis on developing oat-based functional products in correlation with our youth generation. Oat proved to be a valuable ingredient that could improve considerably the nutritious value of cereal products like bread, pasta, noodles or cakes and, more specifically, gluten-free products. Recent studies also showed extrusion to be an advantageous method to produce oat-based products.

The interest of Côte d’Ivoire populations in mucilaginous food plants caused the use of experimental design to optimize mucilage extraction methods. So, 6 technological parameters have been selected. It is about the delipidation (X1), the ratio vegetal/water (X2), the steeping time (X3), the heating time (X4), the ratio filtrate/ethanol (X5) and the refrigeration time (X6). Plackett and Burman design and full factorial design application permitted to optimize mucilage extraction of this food plants.

In order to meet the ever increasing demand for energy it is necessary to pursue new alternative sources of energy. This paper aims to verify the production of biogas from mixtures of poultry litter and cassava wastewater, to analyze its effluents and to check the reduction of organic load. It is in an attempt to solve the environmental issue caused by the disposal of these raw materials, while producing clean and renewable energy in order to contribute to the Brazilian energy matrix. Batch digesters made of PVC fed with different mixtures from the biomasses were used for the experiment.

Plants, since times immemorial, have been used virtually by all cultures as a source of medicine. The widespread use of herbal remedies for healthcare is described in ancient texts such as the Vedas and the Bible. In recent years, demand for medicinal plants is increasing in both developing and developed countries due to growing recognition of natural products, as non-narcotic, without side effects, easily available at affordable prices and sometimes the only source of health care available.

The present study deals with formulation of instant soup powder using millets, oats, maizeand dehydrated vegetable powder. The selected millets were pre-processed, milled and blended in various proportions to formulate instant soup powders namely A, B, C and D. The results of sensory evaluation reveals that formulation A was found to best with overall acceptability score of 8.1 and the results highly correlates with rehydration ratio. Hence formulation A was selected for further study.

Prostate cancer is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among men globally and in Sub-Saharan Africa. Good knowledge, attitude and perception of vulnerability could increase surveillance, uptake of preventive measures, thereby reducing morbidity and mortality rate Anecdotal reports indicate a worrisome prevalence among men in Akinyele Local Government Area, but little is known about knowledge, attitude and extent of vulnerability perception towards prostate cancer among them.

In the present study acute toxic effect of mercuric chloride was carried out in three different tissues (RBCs, Intestine and kidney) of skittering frog (Euphlyctis cyanophlyctis). The study was conducted using the micronucleus test. The frogs were treated with four different sublethal concentrations of mercuric chloride (1.5µg/kg, 3.0µg/kg, 6.0µg/kg, 12.0µg/kg) after calculating the LC50 value which was found to be 18µg/kg. Each dose was injected intraperitoneally once in the treatment period for 24, 48, 72 and 96hrs to study its potential toxic effect.

The knowledge about genetic relation between crosses is extremely important for plant breeding, contributing as the main parameter for combination choosing. The selection based only on desirable characters is insufficient to produce a high genetic potential progeny. This work of literature review was developed from March to June 2016.The genotype x environment interaction is a significant variation source in maize hybrids testing.

Background: Convincing evidence suggests that Psoriasis is an inflammatory disease. Inflammatory response in psoriasis is mediated by over expression of proinflammatory cytokines produced by Th1 cells and relative under expression of Th2 cytokines. These cytokines induce chemokines and other effecter cells via production of IL-17, IL-20 and IL-22, thus play role in pathogenesis of Psoriasis. Objective: To correlate the serum level of IL-17, IL-20 and IL-22 with Psoriatic lesions and area affected with Psoriasis in North India.

Introduction: Obesity is a multi-factorial disease arising from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Why some people succeed at adopting and sustaining behaviours associated with weight control while others, undergoing similar treatment programs, do not, remains largely unknown. Objective: To identify factors associated with weight loss and changes in body composition in a commercial weight reduction program.

The cellulase producing Bacillus species was isolated from rhizosphere soil and characterized by various staining procedures, biochemical analysis and partial purification. Further partial purification of cellulase was carried out by dialysis and ammonium phosphate precipitation and also to determine molecular weight by SDS-PAGE.

The combined use of nitrogen (N) with bacteria Azospirillum brasilense can improve the components of corn production and contribute to sustainable agricultural practices. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the application of Azospirillum brasilense associated with nitrogen fertilizer on corn production components.

Traditional Indian breakfast items are based on different cereal or grains and are popular for their unique taste and flavour. Indian breakfast or popularly known as ‘nashta’ and has its own diversity. Amongst the breakfast items, South Indian Breakfast is considered to be the most nutritious and wholesome. Idli, dosai, upma, adai, aapam accompanied with steaming sambhar and different chutneys rule the South Indian breakfast menu. The cereal portion used in these items mainly comprises of polished white rice or polished parboiled rice.

The present study deals with the diversity and distribution of fungal and bacterial population in various seasons (Monsoon, Premonsoon, Summer and Postmonsoon) from three different places of Sirkazhi Taluk (Thenpathi (S1), Kovilpathu (S2) and Sirkazhi (S3)). The physicochemical parameters of such soils were identified. The physical parameters include the analysis of Soil Color, Texture, Electrical Conductivity (mmhos/cm.), PH, Moisture content (%) and Temperature (ºC) of the soils.

Evaluation of the antibacterial activity of crude extracts from different parts (leaf and flower) of Allamanda cathartica (Apocynaceae) Linn. was carried out in the present investigation. Different parts were collected, dried and extracted by using polar (Water and Methanol) and Non-polar (Petroleum ether) solvents. Extracts were screened for antimicrobial activity using ‘Disc Diffusion Assay’ against 3 Gram negative (E.coli, K.pneumoniae and A.tumifaciens) and 2 Gram positive (S.aureus and B.subtilis) bacteria.

The present study focuses on physico-chemical nature of Mir Alam Lake. Water samples were collected from three sampling stations (S1, S2 & S3) and were analysed at monthly intervals for a period of one year from August 2011 – July 2012. These samples were analysed for Total Hardness, Calcium and Magnesium. The Total Hardness was 466.77mg/l, Calcium was 70.88mg/l and Magnesium was 70.45mg/l.

Chennellu is one of the medicinal rice of Kerala and are indigenous to Northern Kerala. Chennellu in Kannur district is used for treat in diarrhea and vomiting, another type of Chennellu called ‘Valiya Chennellu’ from Wayanad district is used for recovering from jaundice. Chennellu, the red rice, is also a good source of Vitamin B1. In Asia, a large number of the population consumes rice in every meal and rice accounts for more than 70% of human caloric intake in many countries.

Pollination is simply the transfer of pollen from the anther of one flower to the stigma of another or the same flower. After production of the sexual organs and associated structures, pollination is the first step in the reproductive process of higher plants. It is achieved by biotic and abiotic means. Abiotic pollination occurs by wind, water or gravity. Biotic pollination is effected by animals.

Integration of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in education sector has completely changed the dynamics of teaching and learning process; and has undeniable impact on learning outcomes. Consequently, e-learning has emerged as an important educational tool to improve the learning outcome as well as expand the learning opportunities. The present study was undertaken to assess the e-learning readiness of teachers of a premier State Agriculture University (SAU) in India. Stratified random sampling with proportional allocation method was used to select the respondents.

In order to get optimum result from micro-irrigation, fertilizers in liquid form have to be applied to the crop along with the irrigation water directly to the region where most of the plants roots develop. This process is called fertigation, which is done with the aid of special fertilizer application devices (injectors) installed at the head control unit of the system, before the filter. Use of fertigation system to apply fertiliser reduces the need of mechanical operations and sometimes eliminates them altogether.

The present study is focused on instrument development and validation of a quality scale. There are limited measures to assess PWD’s ICT needs, purpose of using ICT devices and problems in the usage of various devices. Hence the study aimed to validate and standardize the schedule to assess ICT enabled devices used by differently abled. Market survey was conducted to check the availability of various ICT and assistive devices for differently abled students. With the help of relevant literature and market survey a questionnaire was developed for pilot study.

Grasserie disease of silkworm Bombyx mori Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) caused by Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) is one of the most serious viral disease in tropical countries and occurs throughout the year, causing considerable damage to the silkworm cocoon breeding. This report highlights the results obtained in the detection of the BmNPV for the first time in Cuba as the pathogen associated to the symptoms observed in silkworm rearing.

The Wolbachia is a maternally inherited, gram negative, obligate, intracellular proteobacteria which is found in number of invertebrates, except in the silkworm. To understand the Wolbachia-hosts interaction and molecular mechanism by which Wolbachia would interfere with viral replication,This symbiotic Wolbachia bacterium was isolated from RML-12 Aedes albopictus cells and was transfected into silkworm ovarian cell lines (DZNU Bm-12) maintained under in vitro standard conditions. The infection level was determined by PCR assay.

Bacillus sp., generally regarded as safe, has emerged as a robust organism that can withstand adverse environmental conditions and grows easily to very high densities. Tolerance and resistance to acidic pH, high osmotic concentration of NaCl, and bile salts were tested in broth medium. A probiotic bacterium isolated from the gut of Indian major carp Labeo rohita rendered maximum antagonistic activity against Aeromonas hydrophila pathogen and nutritive value were also tested. They were B. flexus (M3) and B. megaterium (M5) and their characteristics were as given below. B.

A field experiment was conducted during kharif season 2015 to estimate the correlations and path coefficients for ten quantitative characters among 30 cowpea germplasm. Number of pods per plant, number of flowers per plant, test weight, number of clusters per plant, harvest index and number of primary branches per plant due to their direct high positive association with seed yield. The trait days to maturity had negative and non-significant correlation with seed yield per plant.

The idea of the present research work was originated from a fish poaching event in a remote tribal dominated village of Paschim Medinipur located in Block, Gopiballavpur – I, where the fish fauna of a pond was totally destroyed due to application of a plant twig locally known as Palash. The name of the plant was collected by the second author from a tribal community of the village Singdhuee of the said block. The Plant part for experiment was collected from forest and identified by plant taxonomist as Butea monosperma.

Present study is a survey work done on the indigenous technology adapted and designed by the village people for fish harvesting from their nearby aquatic bodies to compensate their daily protein requirement as well as their livelihood. Present study reveals that the indigenous technology of fish harvesting in Paschim Medinipur has mainly been categorized into three heads namely hooks, nets and traps. All these technologies are very ecofriendly and causing no environmental hazards.

In the study, we investigate extensively the levels, trends and differentials of nutritional status of the ever-married women in Bangladesh. To carry out the task fruitfully we have extracted 15,882 women for analyzing nutritional status from nationally representative Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011. The findings of this study reveal that the mean Body Mass Index of ever-married women in Bangladesh is 21.54±3.94 kg/m2 with considerable variations by background characteristics of the respondents considered in this study.

Correlation and path co-efficient analysis were carried out for pod yield and its component characters in 24 genotypes of groundnut. The genotypic correlation coefficients were found to be of relatively higher magnitude than the corresponding phenotypic correlation coefficients, indicating strong inherent association between the characters. Pod yield per plant displayed significant positive association with kernel yield per plant, mature pods per plant and plant height.

Background: Patients who are eligible candidates for the MRgFUS treatment for single and multiple uterine fibroids have been included thanks to the use of the shielding gel, that protects the sacrum from the heat produced by ultrasounds and it creates a bigger distance between the uterus and the last section of the sacrum.

AcharyaCharaka divides methods of gaining knowledge in to three categories as 1. Adhyayana – method of study, 2. Adhyapana – method of teaching, 3.TadvidyaSambhasha – (seminars / symposium/ debate)-for this 44 terms are narrated with the word of VadaMarga. Vada aims to establish new creative ideas/ research work. VadaMarga lays a border for discussion. It makes discussion essentially end with conclusion (Abhyanujnana). In Charaka Samhita the concepts are established on the basis of the Vadas in several places (chapters).

Hair loss is one the dermatological disorder, estimated to effect nearly 2% of the worlds population. The problem of hair loss, greying of hair in young age is normally caused due to exposure to pollution, pesticides, imbalanced nutrition, altered gene expression and also harmful chemicals that are present in dermatological products. The present study was aimed to evaluate the expression of SGS1 gene which is homologue to human WRN and BLM gene that plays an important role in hair follicle development.

The seeds of watermelon are generally considered as agro-waste and are spitted out inspite of having its high nutritional value as well as therapeutic benefits. Cucurbitaceae species are potential sources of nutrients such as protein, minerals and lipids as well as ingredients for native medicine. Watermelon seeds are a good source of low-molecular-weight polypeptides i.e. globulin, glutenin and albumin. Seeds are also rich in aspartic acid, glutamic acid and serine.

Water samples were collected from bore wells, springs, tap and open wells of 07 different locations and analysed (June-July 2014) in pre and post-monsoon (December -January 2015) in Ananthagiri Mandal of Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh. The study was conducted to characterize the physicochemical parameters such as pH, Turbidity, Total Hardness, TDS, F, Cl, Mg, Ca, No3, SO4 etc. On comparing the results against the drinking water quality standards lead by BIS (ISO: 100500, 1995) and WHO.

AgroSilicon (siderurgy slag) and MB-4 (rock powder) are materials of different compositions and when applied to the soil influence the properties thereof. This study was conducted in order to determine by potentiometric titration various electrochemical attributes of three soils of State Paraiba enriched with AgroSilicon and MB-4. For this, the soils were incubated for 100 days with different amounts of these conditioners. After this period the soils samples were air dried and subjected to potentiometric titration curves.





Rosane Cavalcante Fragoso, Brasil


Chief Scientific Officer and Head of a Research Group

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Luai Farhan Zghair
Hasan Ali Abed Al-Zu’bi
Fredrick OJIJA
Firuza M. Tursunkhodjaeva
Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Saudi Arabia
Eric Randy Reyes Politud
Elsadig Gasoom FadelAlla Elbashir
Eapen, Asha Sarah
United State
Dr.Arun Kumar A
Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Dr. Ruchika Khanna
Dr. Recep TAS
Dr. Rasha Ali Eldeeb
Dr. Pralhad Kanhaiyalal Rahangdale
Dr. Nicolas Padilla- Raygoza
Dr. Mustafa Y. G. Younis
Dr. Muhammad shoaib Ahmedani
Saudi Arabia
United State
Dr. Lim Gee Nee
Dr. Jatinder Pal Singh Chawla
Dr. Devendra kumar Gupta
Dr. Ali Seidi
Dr. Achmad Choerudin
Dr Ashok Kumar Verma
Thi Mong Diep NGUYEN
Dr. Muhammad Akram
Dr. Imran Azad
Dr. Meenakshi Malik
Aseel Hadi Hamzah
Anam Bhatti
Md. Amir Hossain
Mirzadi Gohari